Russian National Army
Русская национальная армия
Kolchak (blason)
Active 1918—1990
Country Russia
Allegiance Kolchak (blason) Provisional All-Russian Government
Flag of Russia Russian Democratic Republic
Branch Ground Forces, Navy, Air Force
Type Armed forces
Role Territorial defence
Size 9,000,000 (1931)
Headquarters Moscow
Colors Blue, red, and white
Engagements Russian Civil War
World War II
Battle honours Hero of Russia
Chief of General Staff Anton Denikin
Deputy Chief of General Staff Pyotr Krasnov
Pyotr Wrangel
Nikolai Yudenich
Alexander Kazakov
Naval Ensign Naval Ensign of Russia

The Russian National Army (Русская национальная армия, РНА; in Latin RNA) was the unified military force of the White Movement in the Russian Civil War, and later the armed forces of the Russian Democratic Republic.


Establishment and first actions

In January 1918, the 300 most prominent Russians in the country and their advisors (at least out of those who affiliated with the White movement) convened in the city of Tsaritsyn. They wrote up the Tsaritsyn Manifesto as a plan of their path to a free state, free from Bolshevik influence. In that document, among the organizational plans it set, was an outline for a "National Army of Russia", which would be the armed force of the newly formed Provisional All—Russian Government. Cossack General Anton Denikin agreed to hold overall command of the army, alongside Admiral Alexander Kolchak. However, Kolchak's role in the army was not as big as Denikin's, as though Kolchak led the White troops on the Eastern Front, he was also the deputy chairman of the new government. So Denikin was essentially the commander-in-chief.

Tide turns for the Whites

In early 1918, the National Army consolidated it's forces as it carried out it's first offensive: the drive north on the Southern Front. Newly formed elements of the army, including Cossack units under General Pyotr Krasnov, under overall command of Anton Denikin, attacked the city of Voronezh in February 1918. The Red Army's Fourth Army, led by Joseph Stalin, was defeated in a couple of weeks, and the city represented the first major White victory of the war. Stalin was killed in the battle, which was an added bonus, as he was an influential Bolshevik. The National Army on the Southern Front also cleared out Bolshevik holdouts in the far south, liberating the cities of Stavropol and Krasnodar.

Even further south, the Army aided the militias of the newly formed states of Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Armenia. They repulsed two attempts by the Bolsheviks to take control of the Azerbaijani capitol city of Baku. This was a vital oil production center, and was heavily defended by Azerbaijani militiamen, with Russian military advisors. During this time, a pro-independence movement in the mountains of the Caucasus, called the "Mountainous Republic of the Caucasus" was put down by the National Army. Russian nationalists in the White movement were already angry that many of the Russian empire's former territories became independent, and were not about to let it happen again.

National military

Second World War

Cold War incidents



Weapons and equipment

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