Русская демократическая республика
Russian Democratic Republic
Sovereign state
Kolchak (blason).jpg
Flag of Russia.svg
Flag of Russia.svg
1921–1990 Flag of Russia.svg
Flag of Russia.svg Blason Russie 1917.gif
Flag Coat of arms
Farewell of Slavenkia
Russia Map 3 (White Victory).png
Capital Moscow
Official language Russian
Religion Christianity
Government Parliamentary republic
 - 1921—1946 Alexander Kerensky
 - 1946—1947 Anton Denikin
 - 1947—1968 Vladimir Petrov
 - 1968-1990 Mikhail Gorbachev
Deputy Chairman of the Duma
 - 1921—1922 Alexander Kolchak
 - 1922—1930 Georgy Lvov
 - 1930—1953 Alexander Vasilevsky
 - 1953-1990 Constantine Pavlovitch
Legislature National Duma
 - Upper house State Duma
 - Lower house Russian Parliament
Historical era Russian Civil War, World War II
 - Russian Civil War 1917—1921
 - Established 1921
 - Winter War 1940
 - World War II 1941-1944
 - War with Japan 1944-1945
 - Potato Uprising crushed 1979-1989
 - Disestablished 1990
 - 1935 est. 160,846,790 
 - 1990 est. 187,932,106 
Currency Russian ruble

The Russian Democratic Republic (Российская демократическая республика), also called the Russian Republic (Российская республика, not to be confused with the 1917 Russian Republic), was the government of Russia established after the Russian Civil War ended in 1921. Formed from the Provisional All-Russian Government (Временное Всероссийское правительство), the governing body of the White movement, the Republic became the country's government until 1990, and had seen a multitude of wars. The state existed until 1990, when a constitutional reorganization reformed the Democratic Republic into the Russian Federation.


Establishment (1921)

Interwar years (1922—1939)

World War II (1939—1944)

Cold War (1948—1990)

Reformation (1990)

Government and politics

Foreign relations


In January 1918, the 300 most prominent Russians in the country and their advisors (at least out of those who affiliated with the White movement) convened in the city of Tsaritsyn. They wrote up the Tsaritsyn Manifesto as a plan of their path to a free state, free from Bolshevik influence. In that document, among the organizational plans it set, was an outline for a "National Army of Russia", which would be the armed force of the newly formed Provisional All—Russian Government. Cossack General Anton Denikin agreed to hold overall command of the army, alongside Admiral Alexander Kolchak. However, Kolchak's role in the army was not as big as Denikin's, as though Kolchak led the White troops on the Eastern Front, he was also the deputy chairman of the new government. So Denikin was essentially the commander-in-chief.



The Republic controlled much of the Russian Empire's former territory, understandably, and was the largest of the nations that emerged from the collapse of the Empire. The country was divided into federal districts, which there were seven of. Each one was further divided into , oblasts, or krais. There were also three special status cities, Moscow, Tsaritsyn and Petrograd. Each district was controlled by a regional Duma, while each smaller subdivision (oblast or krai) was led by a governor. The regions of the country were very diverse, spanning from the coast of the Pacific to the borders of Europe.

Administrative divisions


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