Russia (officially Russian Empire, Российская империя in Russian) is a country in northern Eurasia. It is one of the most important nation today, due to the economic and social stability, not like the Russia in Our Timeline.
See Main Article:Wikipedia:History of Russia
Unrest of 1905
After the emancipation of the serfs in 1861 by Tsar Alexander II of Russia, there emerged a new peasant working class in Russia’s industrializing cities. Prior to emancipation no working class could be established because serfs worked in the cities while retaining their ties to the land and their masters. Most serfs would only work in the cities temporarily, returning to their villages when their work was needed. In the new urban setting, however, factory employers used their absolute authority in abusive and arbitrary manners. Their abuse of power, made evident by the long working hours, low wages, and lack of safety precautions, led to strikes in Russia.
After the Russian defeat in the Russo-Japanese War, a wave of mass political and social unrest spread through all the Russian Empire. In the predawn winter darkness of the morning of Sunday, 22 January 1905, striking workers and their families began to gather at six points in the industrial outskirts of St Petersburg. Holding religious icons and singing hymns and patriotic songs, a crowd of about 3000 proceeded without police interference towards the Winter Palace, the Tsar's official residence. The crowd, whose mood was quiet, did not know that the Tsar was not in residence. Insofar as there was firm planning, the intention was for the various columns of marchers to converge in front of the palace at about 2pm. Estimates of the total numbers involved range wildly from police figures of 3000 to organizers' claims of 50,000. Initially it was intended that women, children and elderly workers should lead, to emphasize the united nature of the demonstration. On reflection however, younger men moved to the front to make up the leading ranks.
This Event became known today as Bloody Sunday and marked the start of the Russian Democratization (or the Russian Revolution in Our Timeline). The Tsar then signed the October Manifesto, creating a parliament, the State Duma. The Duma was subordinated to the Tsar and only worked as a consultative branch.
Death of Nicholas and Russian Democracy
In 1917, a failed left-wing revolt took place in St. Petersburg. The revolutionaries were arrested and executed by the Tsar. After a trip to Vladivostok to oversee the situation of the Trans-Siberian Railway in 1919, Nicholas II got Tuberculosis and died in his palace. His son, Alexei (now Alexei II) was scared about another revolution, and inspired by his father's cousin George V the new Tsar gave its powers to the Duma and revised the Russian constitution, freeing Russia from oppression from the Tsar's court.
The new government started an industrialization in Russia and gave civil rights to the workers in Russia, making it one of the most developed countries into the actual world.