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The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (also Known as Soviet Russia or just Russia) is the name of a country located in Eurasia and is the world's largest nation covering more that one-eighth of the planet's area and has a population of more than 143 million people comprising of various ethnic groups. Russia is a Marxist-Leninist State and is the only Constitutionally-Socialist State remaining in the world since the Russian Revolution in 1917.
The Original Russian SFSR was established in 1918, after the October Revolution allowed the Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir Lenin to take control of Russia. They were the main republic within the Soviet Union, one of the world's largest superpowers for almost 70 years, until it collapsed in 1991. The Russian Federation was established in its place, but only lasted five Years due to turmoil and economic insecurity.
Re-instatement of Soviet Power On July 3, 1996, Boris Yeltsin was reported to have won the runoff election, defeating Gennady Zyuganov, of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation. The report, however, was suspected of being fraudulent and as a result, the Communist Party demanded an Investigation of the results. They learned that Zyuganov, not only won, but also won by a landslide. Zyuganov celebrated his victory and began pressing towards the creation of a new Soviet State, something which did not sit well with the West.
On July 7, 1996, Zyuganov announced that the 1993 Constitution, the Belavezha Accords, and the 1989 Amendments to the Soviet Constitution were determined to be illegial and that the 1978 document would be restored, as well as the Sovereignty of the Russian SFSR. A section of the Constitution was added, declaring that Russia was an independent country, and removed all references to the Soviet Union, due to its dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.
Gennnady Zyuganov appointed Ivan Melkov, a Party Veteran to oversee the creation of the Supreme Soviet, he became its Chairman on March 19, 1997 and oversaw the election of representatives, all of which came from some of the splinter groups that were created due to Zyuganov's views on the Church.
On May Day 1997, the Country held its first May Day Parade since the Union's Collapse and used it to show its military might and power. Zyuganov began spending vast amounts of money on repairing Russia's military infrastructure and began rebuilding its economy. The Union State of Russia and Belarus was established on June 25, 1997 and Lukahshenko began structuring his government to mirror the original Belorussian SSR.
New Millennium and the Next Phase of Soviet Rebuilding
In June of 2000, Zyuganov outlined his plans for the next decade. the Soviet Five-Year Plans began controlling the vast powerhouse and some of the Mixed economy reforms from Lenin and Gorbachev, found their way into economic planning, allowing for some economic prosperity to take place.
Russia meanwhile, halted the expansion of NATO into Central Europe. Only Germany, Poland and the Baltics could be admitted as the Soviets declared Central Europe neutral ground. Russia feared that American expansion in Eastern Europe would make Russia vulnerable and weaken their strategic defenses abroad.
In 2003, Russia announced that it would be building its own Internet Service to compete with America's. This service (Known as The People's Net) would be commissioned by 2010 and would be used in several other countries, including China, which had condemned the Soviet Government.
Russia had little or no major effects from the 2008 Recession. The Country had been producing large quantities of Machinery for Eastern Europe and sold them to several countries. The United States had been producing similar objects from Western Europe and began asserting itself to stop the Spread of Communism.
In January of 2014, Russia send a group of KGB agents to inspect and analyze the political situation in Crimea, as well as Ukraine. Ukraine, which dropped its commitment to signing the European Economic Agreement in favor of strengthening its ties with Russia, was on the verge of protests. Ukraine had experienced two "Coloured Revolutions" since the fall of the Soviet Union and Russia was not ready to lose its ports in the Black Sea. In February of 2014, the Euromaidian Protests convinced the Ukrainian Parliament to oust Viktor Yanukovych, who had ties to the Communist Government, and push towards integration with the European Economic Union. In Response, Russia sent troops to take control of Crimea and formally annexed it on March 4, 2014. The next month, it moved its forces to overthrow the Ukrainian Government and installed a Communist Puppet State in the country. Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine signed a Treaty of Mutual Cooperation on April 18, 2014 allowing for economic and trade to take place within the States.
There are three power hierarchies in Russia: the legislative branch represented by the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, the government is represented by the Council of Ministers, and the Communist Party of the Russia (KPR), the only legal party and the ultimate policymaker in the country.
At the top of the Communist Party is the Central Committee, elected at Party Congresses and Conferences. The Central Committee in turn votes for a Politburo, Secretariat, and the General Secretary, the de facto highest office in the Russian SFSR. Depending on the degree of power consolidation, it was either the Politburo as a collective body or the General Secretary, who always was one of the Politburo members, that effectively led the party and the country. They were not controlled by the general party membership, as the key principle of the party organization was democratic centralism, demanding strict subordination to higher bodies, and elections went uncontested, endorsing the candidates proposed from above.
The Communist Party maintains its dominance over the state, largely through its control over the system of appointments. All senior government officials and most deputies of the Supreme Soviet were members of the KPRF, but the later General Secretaries for at least some part of their tenure occupied the largely ceremonial position of Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, the nominal head of state. The institutions at lower levels were overseen and at times supplanted by primary party organizations.
The Supreme Soviet is nominally the highest state body in the government. The Supreme Soviet dates back to the USSR, when it was, at first, acting as a rubber stamp institution, approving and implementing all decisions made by the party. However, the powers and functions of the Supreme Soviet were extended in the late 1950s, 1960s and 1970s with the new constitutional reforms which included, the creation of new state commissions and committees. It gained additional powers when it came to the approval of the Five-Year Plans and the Soviet state budget. The Supreme Soviet elects Presidium to wield its power between plenary sessions, ordinarily held twice a year, and appointed the Supreme Court, the Procurator General and the Council of Ministers headed by the Chairman (Premier) and managing an enormous bureaucracy responsible for the administration of the economy and society.
Like the Soviet Union, the economy is a Planned Economy relying on Five-Year Plans and Quotas to meet state demands. The economic policy has allowed for some private businesses, based on the provisions of the NEP and the policies of Perestroika, passed during the Gorbachev era.