Russian Federation

Российская Федерация
Rossiyskaya Federatsiya

Flag of Russia Coat of Arms of the Russian Federation
Flag Coat of arms

"Государственный гимн Российской Федерации"
"Gosudarstvennyy gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii" (transliteration)
"State Anthem of the Russian Federation"

Location of Russia (dark green) Will bring making a map soon.
and largest city
Official languages Russian
Demonym Russians (Rossiyane)
Government Federal semi-presidential constitutional republic
- Vladimir Putin
Prime Minister
- Dmitry Medvedev
Chairman of the Federation Council
- Valentina Matviyenko
Chairman of the State Duma
- Sergey Naryshkin
Legislature Federal Assembly
- Upper house Federation Council
- Lower house State Duma
- Total 13,691,700 km²
- 2016 estimate 144,012,450
- Density Will be writing soon
- Arrival of Rurik, considered as a foundation event by the Russian authorities 862
- Kievan Rus' 882
- Grand Duchy of Moscow 1283
- Tsardom of Russia 16 January 1547
- Russian Empire 22 October 1721
- Russian SFSR 6 November 1917
- Soviet Union 10 December 1922
- Russian Federation 25 December 1991
- Adoption of the current Constitution of Russia 12 December 1993
Currency Russian ruble (RUB)
Time zone (UTC+3 to +12b)
Date format
Drives on the Right
ISO 3166 code RU
Internet TLD .ru

Russia (Russian: Россия, tr. Rossiya), also officially known as the Russian Federation (Russian: Российская Федерация, tr. Rossiyskaya Federatsiya), is a sovereign transcontinental state in Eurasia. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Shugarhai Union, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, and Japan.

The nation's history began with that of the East Slavs, who emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde, and came to dominate the cultural and political legacy of Kievan Rus'. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east.

Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state.

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