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Russian Empire
Российская Империя (Russian)
Rossiyskaya Imperiya
Timeline: Alexander the Liberator
OTL equivalent: Russian Federation, Ukraine, Belarus, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Estonia, Georgia, Abkhazia, South Ossetia, Republic of Artsakh, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan
Romanov Flag.svg Coat of Arms of the Russian Federation.svg
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: 
"S' nami Bog!"
Съ нами Богъ!
"God is with us!"
Anthem: 
Proshchaniye slavyanki
Прощание славянки
"Farewell of Slavianka"

Royal anthem: 
Bozhe, Tsarya khrani!
Боже, Царя храни!
"God Save the Tsar!"

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (orthographic projection).svg
Map of Russia
CapitalSaint Petersburg
Largest city Moscow
Other cities Novosibirsk, Kiev, Yekaterinburg, Minsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Königsberg
Official languages Russian
Regional Languages Languages in Russia
Ethnic groups (2015) 70% East Slavs
12% Turkic peoples
10% Others
Religion Eastern Orthodox Church
Imperial Autonomous Regions have their own state religions
Demonym Russian
Government Federal parliamentary
constitutional monarchy
 -  Monarch Andrew II
 -  Imperial Regent Alexei Andreyevich, Tsarevich of Russia
 -  Prime Minister Vladimir Putin
Legislature Federal Assembly
 -  Upper house Federation Council
 -  Lower house State Duma
Establishment
 -  Arrival of Rurik 862 
 -  Kievan Rus' 882 
 -  Grand Duchy of Moscow 1283 
 -  Coronation of Ivan IV 16 January 1547 
 -  Time of Troubles 1598–1613 
 -  Treaty of Nystad 10 September 1721 
 -  Empire Proclaimed by Peter the Great 22 October 1721 
 -  Emancipation reform 3 March 1861 
 -  Constitution Adopted 8 June 1906 
Area
 -  Total 22,402,200 km2 
8,649,500 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 20
Population
 -  2017 estimate 225,395,189 
Currency Russian ruble (RUB)
Time zone (UTC+2 to +12)
Date formats dd.mm.yyyy
Drives on the right
Calling code +7
Russia (Russian: Росси́я, tr. Rossiya), also officially known as the Russian Empire (Russian: Российская Империя, tr. Rossiyskaya Imperiya), is a country in Eurasia. At 22,402,200 square kilometres (8,649,500 sq mi), Russia is the largest country in the world by surface area, covering more than one-sixth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and one of the most populous countries, with over 225 million people at the end of March 2017. The European western part of the country is much more populated and urbanised than the eastern; about 77% of the population live in European Russia. Russia's capital Saint Petersburg is one of the largest cities in the world; other major urban centers include Moscow, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Chelyabinsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Kiev, Minsk, and Kazan.

Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Iran, Turkey, Afghanistan, China, Mongolia and Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait.

The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Kievan Rus' arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde, and came to dominate the cultural and political legacy of Kievan Rus'. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east.

During the reign of Alexander II, numerous reforms were implemented. The most famous of these reforms includes the emancipation of the Russian serfs in 1861, which gave Alexander the nickname of "Alexander the Liberator". The Tsar was responsible for other reforms, including reorganizing the judicial system, setting up elected local judges, abolishing corporal punishment, promoting local self-government through the zemstvo system, imposing universal military service, ending some privileges of the nobility, and promoting university education. In 1924, Alexander Kerensky revised the constitution to a socialist society, while retaining the monarchy. Russia played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II. The reign of Xenia and Andrew I saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. Russia has the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction.

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