Russia (Russian: Росси́я, tr. Rossiya), also officially known as the Russian Federation (Russian: Росси́йская Федерация, tr. Rossiyskaya Federatsiya), is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential constitutional republic. At 17,075,400 sq km (6,592,800 sq mi), Russia is the largest country in the world, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area. Russia is the world's ninth most populous country with nearly 144 million people in November 2014.