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|Royal Courts and Tribunal Service|
|Preceding agencies|| HM Courts|
|Headquarters||103 Petty France, London, England|
|Annual budget||£2.7 billion|
|Minister responsible||Gordon Brown, Minister for Justice and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court|
|Agency executives|| Arnold Baxter, General Secretary of the Courts |
Maria Fitzgerald, Chief Justice of the UK
|Parent agency||Department of Justice|
|Child agency||General Court Administration|
|Key documents|| The Right of Courts Act 1862 |
Justice Reform Act 1954
It currently runs 890 courts in the UK and nearly 3,400 in its colonies making it the largest administrator of courts in the world.
The role of the courts was originally set out in the Rights of Courts Act 1862 but was reformed in 1954 and described as a "fair, efficient and effective court system". Before this Catholics and other people of different religious and ethnic backgrounds were discriminated against until the Labour Government sorted out the serious problem.
The agency has responsibility for the District Courts, Regional Courts, Central Criminal Court, High Court UK and the Crown Court. It does not have direct responsibility for the The Royal Supreme Court as they are seen as to separate bodies. Much of the power over the District Courts has gone to the Local Courts Administration.