The Roman Republic spans almost the entire European continent. It controls the entire northern Mediterranean coastline, as well as the western borders of the Black Sea. The Republic's Spanish southern borders, as well as its Northern African provinces consit of the Strait of Gibraltar. The southern regions are more mountainous, while moving north the terrain descends from the high Alps, Pyrenees, and Carpathians, through hilly uplands, into broad, low northern plains, which are vast in the east. This extended lowland is known as the Great European Plain, and at its heart lies the North German Plain.
The Roman climate is relatively temperate. The climate is milder in comparison to other areas of the same latitude around the globe due to the influence of the Gulf Stream. The Gulf Stream is nicknamed "Rome's central heating", because it makes the Republic's climate warmer and wetter than it would otherwise be. The Gulf Stream not only carries warm water to Rome's coast but also warms up the prevailing westerly winds that blow across the continent from the Atlantic Ocean.
Roman biodiversity is relatively consistent with OTL European wildlife. The colonies are relatively tropical, with the North American colonies being swamped, and not dissimilar to that of OTL bayous. The wildlife in these regions can vary from alligators, to black bears.
Roman population is put at 359,682,741 people, including the colonies. It has the fourth highest population, after the Russian Tsardom, Egyptian Empire, and Chinese Empire.
The majority of Romans in Europe, identify as ethnically Roman. Many Romans outside of Italy, are descendant of Gaulic or Germanic tribes people. There are ethnic Turks in Turkey, and people of North Africa descent in Roman territories in Africa. Amerindians, and a limited Nahuatl population live in the North American colonies.
Like Egypt, after the establishment of the United Islamic Republic, many ethnic Persians and Arabs immigrated into Rome, after the outlawing of non-Muslim religions.
The Roman populace in Europe is relatively evenly distributed, with people living in almost all Roman territorial positions. Censi record that the Roman territories with the lowest population are the Caribbean colonies.
The Roman Republic, is the only major nation that does not have an official state language. That said, Latin is considered the de facto official language by most people. All native languages are recognized by the Roman Constitution, and are protected, though they are beginning to be overtaken by Latin.
The Constitution allows for freedom of religion. Much of the Republic is divided between practicing Christians and Hellenists.
The Roman Republic is not entirely different from the way it was in ancient times. There exists the Senate, which is elected by the people, from separate provinces. The Heads of State and the Heads of Government, are the Proconsuls, who are the individuals whose parties earn the most seats. There are always two proconsuls, as it is written in the Constitution after the First World War, that no one party can have a complete majority over all others. The proconsuls trade off every other month.
The Proconsuls hold executive authority in the Republic, and reserve the right to dictate foreign relations. They share joint command over the military, and one must get the other's approval to authorize major military actions. However, they require Senate approval to declare war, and cannot dictate certain economic spending.
Judicial and Law Systems
The Roman law systems is divided into civil law, and federal law. Civil law consists of laws that are restricted to respective provinces or towns. Civil crimes are managed by local law systems, which may vary depending on the respective civil laws. These sorts of crimes can consist of robberies, or murder cases. Trials consist of a defendant, and a plantiff, where verdicts are issued by a group of individuals who are appointed by popular vote.
Federal crimes, such as treason or espionage, are tried in the Roman High Court. The Roman High Court consists of judges appointed by the Proconsuls, though the Senate can veto the decision. Trials like these are relatively similar to civil courts, but the verdicts is instead issued by a judge.
The Roman military, known as the Roman Republican Legion, is one of the largest in the world. Its strucutre remained relatively unchanged over time, with the basis of the army being the legion.
Rome is the dominant power in Europe, followed by the Norse Kingdom. It is a founding member of the International Union of Diplomacy, and one of the original drafter of the Nuclear Proliferation Treaty. Foreign relations are managed by the proconsuls. Its relations vary radically, from a close alliance with the Russian Tsardom, to mixed relations with the Egyptian Empire, to tense, hostile relations with the UIR.
The Roman Republic is divided into provinces, which cover the European continent. Each province is governed by an elected Magistrate, who manages the daily affairs of the province. There are provinces overseas, in the North American landmass, as well as on the Caribbean islands.
The Roman economy is dedicated more to industry and agriculture, opposed to trade, though it still profits greatly from trade with foreign nations. It largest trading partners are Russia and Egypt. Rome relies greatly on its colonial goods for much of its economy.
Nuclear energy is the most common source of power in Rome, followed by wind power. Solar power is not widely used, but is progressively becoming more common throughout the Republic. Hydropower is used occasionally, in rivers such as the Rhine or the Rhone, but the lack of large amounts of sources make hydro power limited at best.
Travel by plane is the most common form of transportation. Aside from air travel, due much of Rome being located on the same continent, travel by road or train is popular. Travel by boat is limited to use in the Mediterranean, and the Black Sea. It is also used in the Caribbean colonies for travel between islands, and from the mainland colonies to the island colonies.
Roads are owned by the federal government, and managed by them similarly. Plane companies are not common, and most major air travel companies are owned federally as well.