According to Roman legend, the original Roman civilization was founded by Romulus, who established a series of settlements on the location that would become Rome. Initially conceived as a Republic, the actions of various promiment state officials lead to the establishment of the Roman Empire. In this period, the Roman borders were greatly expand to envelop almost the entirety of mainland Europe. During the Medieval era, it was reformed back into a republic, which remains the status-quo today.
The Republic is a federal republic, administered by the Senate and Assembly of Rome, headed by the Proconsuls. The capital and largest city is Roma, a global and financial center of approximately 9 million people. The Republic is divided into provinces, including Gaul, Graeca, Punea, and Hispania. Other major urban districts include Carthage, Madrid, Paris, Athens, and Berlina.
A developed country with a high standard of living, it is the third oldest surviving country (after the Egyptian and Chinese Empires), with the founding of the Roman state believed to be around 753 BC. It was the second country to industrialize, and is the third wealthiest country in the world. Having emerged relatively unscathed in the aftermath of the First World War, Rome is considered a great power, as a nuclear recognized state, and a member of the International Council of Peace.
First World War
Second World War
The Roman Republic spans almost the entire European continent. It controls the entire northern Mediterranean coastline, as well as the western borders of the Black Sea. The Republic's Spanish southern borders, as well as its Northern African provinces consit of the Strait of Gibraltar. The southern regions are more mountainous, while moving north the terrain descends from the high Alps, Pyrenees, and Carpathians, through hilly uplands, into broad, low northern plains, which are vast in the east. This extended lowland is known as the Great European Plain, and at its heart lies the North German Plain.
The Roman climate is relatively temperate. The climate is milder in comparison to other areas of the same latitude around the globe due to the influence of the Gulf Stream. The Gulf Stream is nicknamed "Rome's central heating", because it makes the Republic's climate warmer and wetter than it would otherwise be. The Gulf Stream not only carries warm water to Rome's coast but also warms up the prevailing westerly winds that blow across the continent from the Atlantic Ocean.
Roman biodiversity is relatively consistent with OTL European wildlife. The colonies are relatively tropical, with the North American colonies being swamped, and not dissimilar to that of OTL bayous. The wildlife in these regions can vary from alligators, to black bears.
Roman population is put at 359,682,741 people, including the colonies. It has the fourth highest population, after the Russian Tsardom, Egyptian Empire, and Chinese Empire.
The majority of Romans in Europe, identify as ethnically Roman. Many Romans outside of Italy, are descendant of Gaulic or Germanic tribes people. There are ethnic Turks in Turkey, and people of North Africa descent in Roman territories in Africa. Amerindians, and a limited Nahuatl population live in the North American colonies.
Like Egypt, after the establishment of the United Islamic Republic, many ethnic Persians and Arabs immigrated into Rome, after the outlawing of non-Muslim religions.
The Roman populace in Europe is relatively evenly distributed, with people living in almost all Roman territorial positions. Censi record that the Roman territories with the lowest population are the Caribbean colonies.
The Roman Republic, is the only major nation that does not have an official state language. That said, Latin is considered the de facto official language by most people. All native languages are recognized by the Roman Constitution, and are protected, though they are beginning to be overtaken by Latin.
The Constitution allows for freedom of religion. Much of the Republic is divided between practicing Christians and Hellenists.
Initially, Rome was the seat of the Christian church, specifically the Vaticon complex. However, in the aftermarth of the Crusades, which were called for by the Church and all ended in humiliating Roman defeats, the Church lost much of its influence and popularity. This would culminate when the Vatican was fully stripped of any political power it had by the Assembly, which lead to the moving of the Christian capital to Russia.
Rome is a federal state under a constitutional republic, composed of four separate governmental branches: the Assembly, the Senate, the magistrates, and the consuls. The Forum is the seat of government, and the office of the Consuls. The Roman government is divided into four administrative branches:
- the Assembly, composed of elected representatives, which serves as the highest political authority in the government, with the power to appoint magistrates, pass or reject laws, and declare war and peace;
- the Senate, which serves a primarily ceremonial role in the republic, with the stated purpose being to advise the magistrates and Assembly;
- the separate Consuls, which function as the heads of state, within the offiical confines of the the Assembly
- the provincial magistrates, consisting of elected, federal governors, who preside of the provinces.
The Consuls are the joint heads of state, and elected by the Assembly every three years. The two do not share executive power, and hold office in intervals of seven months. The consuls powers include the administering of state funds, within the approval of the Assembly. The consuls also have the authority to establish and disestablish foreign relations. If they wish to declare war, they must submit a formal request to the Assembly, which either approves or disapproves.
The primary governing body of the Republic is the Assembly. The Assembly is made up of 100 elected officials from the provinces called "Seden" (from the Latin sedens, "sitting"). Aside from the consuls (who are constitutionally separate from the Assembly), the head of the Assembly is the praetor. The praetor performs administratve duties for the Assembly, such as bringing issues to the floor, and organizing meetings.
The Roman state is sectioned off into federal provinces. Each province elects a magistrate, as well as the sitting seden.
Judicial and Law Systems
The Roman law systems is divided into civil law, and federal law. Civil law consists of laws that are restricted to respective provinces or towns. Civil crimes are managed by local law systems, which may vary depending on the respective civil laws. These sorts of crimes can consist of robberies, or murder cases. Trials consist of a defendant, and a plantiff, where verdicts are issued by a group of individuals who are appointed by popular vote.
Federal crimes, such as treason or espionage, are tried in the Roman High Court. The Roman High Court consists of judges appointed by the Proconsuls, though the Senate can veto the decision. Trials like these are relatively similar to civil courts, but the verdicts is instead issued by a judge.
The Roman military, known as the Roman Republican Legion, is one of the largest in the world. Its strucutre remained relatively unchanged over time, with the basis of the army being the legion.
The Roman Republic has foreign relations with every country in the world. It is a member of the International Council for Global Peace, and a ratifier of the Nuclear Proliferation Treaty. It possesses security pacts with the Egyptian Empire, and Aztec Hegemony. It is the third largest contributor to intentional developments (after Egypt and China), equating to approximately $7.3 billion in 2015.
In the aftermath of the Second World War, Rome is considered to be potential superpower. Its only regional competitor in Europe is the Norse Kingdom, and according to Egyptian international scholar, Sayek Hathet, its growing economy will eventually put it over the Norselings.
The Roman Republic is divided into provinces, which cover the European continent. Each province is governed by an elected Magistrate, who manages the daily affairs of the province. There are provinces overseas, in the North American landmass, as well as on the Caribbean islands.
The Roman economy is dedicated more to industry and agriculture, opposed to trade, though it still profits greatly from trade with foreign nations. It largest trading partners are Russia and Egypt. Rome relies greatly on its colonial goods for much of its economy.
Nuclear energy is the most common source of power in Rome, followed by wind power. Solar power is not widely used, but is progressively becoming more common throughout the Republic. Hydropower is used occasionally, in rivers such as the Rhine or the Rhone, but the lack of large amounts of sources make hydro power limited at best.
Travel by plane is the most common form of transportation. Aside from air travel, due much of Rome being located on the same continent, travel by road or train is popular. Travel by boat is limited to use in the Mediterranean, and the Black Sea. It is also used in the Caribbean colonies for travel between islands, and from the mainland colonies to the island colonies.
Roads are owned by the federal government, and managed by them similarly. Plane companies are not common, and most major air travel companies are owned federally as well.