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Roman Republic
Res publica Romana
Roman empire flag Roman Way to the Gods SYMBOL
Flag Coat of Arms
Egypt 1 copy 5
Roman Republic in comparison to the rest of the world.

Motto
"The Senate and People of Rome." (Latin)

Anthem "Light of Rome"
Capital and largest city Roma
Language
  official
 
Latin
  others Greek, Nahuatl, Galic
Religion
  main
 
Christianity, Hellenic
  others Judaism, Islam
Ethnic Groups
  main
 
Roman
  others Greek, Egyptian, Amerindian, Tunisian
Demonym Roman
Government Oligarchy Republic
Proconsul Marcus Flavius Julian

Lucius Gaius Vulcan

Area 8,765,943 km²
Population 359,682,741 
GDP
  Total:
 
$21,455,768,139,267
  per capita $58,795
Established 509 BC
Currency Roman Denarius
The Roman Republic, (Latin: Res publica Romana) also referred to as the "Republic of Rome" or simply "Rome", is a sovereign state centralized across the majority of mainland Europe, though it has colonies in North America. It shares borders with the Kingdom of Ghana, the Republic of Mesopotamia, the Russian Tsardom, and Kingdom of the Norse. With an area of 8,765,943 square miles, it is the sixth largest country in the world.

The Republic is a federal republic, administered by the Senate of Rome, headed by the Proconsuls. The capital and largest city is Roma, a global and financial center of approximately 9 million people. The Republic is divided into provinces, other major urban districts include Carthage, Madrid, Paris, Athens, and Berlina.

A developed country with a high standard of living, it is the third oldest surviving country (after the Egyptian and Chinese Empires), with the founding of the Roman state believed to be around 753 BC. It was the second country to industrialize, and is the third wealthiest country in the world. Having emerged relatively unscathed in the aftermath of the First World War, Rome is considered a great power, as a nuclear recognized state, and a member of the International Council of Peace.

History

Ancient Era

Classical Era

Medieval Era

Renaissance Era

Modern Era

First World War

Second World War

Geography

The Roman Republic spans almost the entire European continent. It controls the entire northern Mediterranean coastline, as well as the western borders of the Black Sea. The Republic's Spanish southern borders, as well as its Northern African provinces consit of the Strait of Gibraltar. The southern regions are more mountainous, while moving north the terrain descends from the high Alps, Pyrenees, and Carpathians, through hilly uplands, into broad, low northern plains, which are vast in the east. This extended lowland is known as the Great European Plain, and at its heart lies the North German Plain.

Climate

The Roman climate is relatively temperate. The climate is milder in comparison to other areas of the same latitude around the globe due to the influence of the Gulf Stream. The Gulf Stream is nicknamed "Rome's central heating", because it makes the Republic's climate warmer and wetter than it would otherwise be. The Gulf Stream not only carries warm water to Rome's coast but also warms up the prevailing westerly winds that blow across the continent from the Atlantic Ocean.

Biodiversity

Roman biodiversity is relatively consistent with OTL European wildlife. The colonies are relatively tropical, with the North American colonies being swamped, and not dissimilar to that of OTL bayous. The wildlife in these regions can vary from alligators, to black bears.

Demographics

Population

Roman population is put at 359,682,741 people, including the colonies. It has the fourth highest population, after the Russian Tsardom, Egyptian Empire, and Chinese Empire.

The majority of Romans in Europe, identify as ethnically Roman. Many Romans outside of Italy, are descendant of Gaulic or Germanic tribes people. There are ethnic Turks in Turkey, and people of North Africa descent in Roman territories in Africa. Amerindians, and a limited Nahuatl population live in the North American colonies.

Like Egypt, after the establishment of the United Islamic Republic, many ethnic Persians and Arabs immigrated into Rome, after the outlawing of non-Muslim religions.

The Roman populace in Europe is relatively evenly distributed, with people living in almost all Roman territorial positions. Censi record that the Roman territories with the lowest population are the Caribbean colonies.

Language

The Roman Republic, is the only major nation that does not have an official state language. That said, Latin is considered the de facto official language by most people. All native languages are recognized by the Roman Constitution, and are protected, though they are beginning to be overtaken by Latin.

Religion

The Constitution allows for freedom of religion. Much of the Republic is divided between practicing Christians and Hellenists.

Politics

Rome is a federal state under a constitutional republic, composed of four separate governmental branches: the Assembly, the Senate, the magistrates, and the consuls. The Forum is the seat of government, and the office of the Consuls. The Roman government is divided into four administrative branches:

  • the Assembly, composed of elected representatives, which serves as the highest political authority in the government, with the power to appoint magistrates, pass or reject laws, and declare war and peace;
  • the Senate, which serves a primarily ceremonial role in the republic, with the stated purpose being to advise the magistrates and Assembly;
  • the separate Consuls, which function as the heads of state, within the offiical confines of the the Assembly
  • the provincial magistrates, consisting of elected, federal governors, who preside of the provinces.

The Consuls are the joint heads of state, and elected by the Assembly every three years. The two do not share executive power, and hold office in intervals of seven months. The consuls powers include the administering of state funds, within the approval of the Assembly. The consuls also have the authority to establish and disestablish foreign relations. If they wish to declare war, they must submit a formal request to the Assembly, which either approves or disapproves.

The primary governing body of the Republic is the Assembly. The Assembly is made up of 100 elected officials from the provinces called "Seden" (from the Latin sedens, "sitting"). Aside from the consuls (who are constitutionally separate from the Assembly), the head of the Assembly is the praetor. The praetor performs administratve duties for the Assembly, such as bringing issues to the floor, and organizing meetings.

Federal Government

The Roman state is sectioned off into federal provinces. Each province elects a magistrate, as well as the sitting seden.

Judicial and Law Systems

The Roman law systems is divided into civil law, and federal law. Civil law consists of laws that are restricted to respective provinces or towns. Civil crimes are managed by local law systems, which may vary depending on the respective civil laws. These sorts of crimes can consist of robberies, or murder cases. Trials consist of a defendant, and a plantiff, where verdicts are issued by a group of individuals who are appointed by popular vote.

Federal crimes, such as treason or espionage, are tried in the Roman High Court. The Roman High Court consists of judges appointed by the Proconsuls, though the Senate can veto the decision. Trials like these are relatively similar to civil courts, but the verdicts is instead issued by a judge.

Military

The Roman military, known as the Roman Republican Legion, is one of the largest in the world.  Its strucutre remained relatively unchanged over time, with the basis of the army being the legion.

Foreign Relations

The Roman Republic has foreign relations with every country in the world. It is a member of the International Council for Global Peace, and a ratifier of the Nuclear Proliferation Treaty. It possesses security pacts with the Egyptian Empire, and Aztec Hegemony. It is the third largest contributor to intentional developments (after Egypt and China), equating to approximately $7.3 billion in 2015.

In the aftermath of the Second World War, Rome is considered to be potential superpower. Its only regional competitor in Europe is the Norse Kingdom, and according to Egyptian international scholar, Sayek Hathet, its growing economy will eventually put it over the Norselings.

Administrative Divisions

The Roman Republic is divided into provinces, which cover the European continent. Each province is governed by an elected Magistrate, who manages the daily affairs of the province. There are provinces overseas, in the North American landmass, as well as on the Caribbean islands.

Economy

The Roman economy is dedicated more to industry and agriculture, opposed to trade, though it still profits greatly from trade with foreign nations. It largest trading partners are Russia and Egypt. Rome relies greatly on its colonial goods for much of its economy.

Nuclear energy is the most common source of power in Rome, followed by wind power. Solar power is not widely used, but is progressively becoming more common throughout the Republic. Hydropower is used occasionally, in rivers such as the Rhine or the Rhone, but the lack of large amounts of sources make hydro power limited at best.

Transportation

Travel by plane is the most common form of transportation. Aside from air travel, due much of Rome being located on the same continent, travel by road or train is popular. Travel by boat is limited to use in the Mediterranean, and the Black Sea. It is also used in the Caribbean colonies for travel between islands, and from the mainland colonies to the island colonies.

Roads are owned by the federal government, and managed by them similarly. Plane companies are not common, and most major air travel companies are owned federally as well.

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