Alternate History

Roman Political Factions (Principia Moderni III Map Game)

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The Roman Empire enables its citizens to participate in government by electing representatives to the Senate in the form of Senators. Lower Senators are elected to the House of Commoners and Upper Senators are elected to the House of Lords. In order to help elect senators with similar views, political factions have emerged in order to see their respective interests represented and passed through the Senate. 

National Political Factions

Republican Faction

Republican Faction
Δημοκρατικός Φράξια (Greek)
Founded December 15, 1636
Headquarters Constantinople
Ideology Republicanism
Political position Center-Left
Official colours Green
House of Nobles:
1 / 54
House of Commoners:
4 / 615

The Republican Faction is one of the two original factions in the Imperial Roman political system, along with the now defunct Royalist Faction. The Republican Faction was the driving force behind Theodore's Revolution in 1635 and was responsible for the reinstitution of the Senate as a legitimate branch of the Imperial government. Because of this success, the Republican Faction had dominated Roman politics for more than a century with firm control of the unicameral Senate and loyal support from the various states.

This would not last, as Serbia, the main area of Republican support, was lost to the Croatians and the Republicans themselves were defeated in the War of the Three Brothers, where they opposed the reforms advocated by the rising Illuminati Faction. Since that time period, the Republican Faction is little more than a shell of its former glory, serving as tacit opposition against the will of the victorious and much more popular Illuminati. Presently the Republican Faction offers only a minor alternative to the ongoing power struggle between the Illuminati and the Fascists.

The Republican Faction believes very strongly in the ideas of republican government and limiting the power of the Roman Emperor as much as possible. True to its origins, the Republican Faction also believes in the rights of the various states in the Empire and insists that their voice be heard lest they be drowned out by a tyrannical or uncaring majority.

Illuminati Faction

Illuminati Faction
Φωτισμένο Φράξια (Greek)
Founded January 1, 1773
Headquarters Constantinople
Ideology Liberalism
Civic Nationalism
Political position Center
Official colours Purple
House of Nobles:
27 / 54
House of Commoners:
320 / 615

The Illuminati Faction is the main political faction of the Empire. Formed in 1773 by wealthy businessmen and government officials who felt that there needed to be more depth to the representative system at the time, which meant each state in the Empire had equal say regardless of how unequal those states were. The Illuminati Faction were a major party in the War of the Three Brothers, where they battled forces concerned that reforming the electoral system around population size meant that populous states would be able to enact Imperial policy with no concern for the small states. This turned out to not be true, and while the Illuminati Faction did institute their representative reform, they did leave the House of Lords, where each state had equal say, untouched. 

In addition to their ideals of representative government, the Illuminati Faction was also keen towards a state-sanctioned system of rights for individual citizens as well as limited religious involvement in the Imperial government. The Illuminati Faction remains dedicated to these ideals as well as others to this day. 

The Illuminati Faction got its name by the fact that its early founders considered themselves "enlightened" from God to bring about the changes that they deemed imperative for the Roman Empire.

Fascist Faction

Fascist Faction
φασιστική Φράξια (Greek)
Founded September 4, 1848
Headquarters Constantinople
Ideology Militarism
Political position Far-Right
Official colours Gold
House of Nobles:
6 / 54
House of Commoners:
79 / 615

The Fascist Faction is the premier right-wing to far-right political force within the Empire. The faction was first born in 1848 in the aftermath of the conservative protests and revolutions that dominated the Western world. The faction got its name from the Fasces, the ancient Roman political symbol, that protestors carried aloft as they marched down the streets of Constantinople.

The faction soon gained traction amongst nationalists and militarists, who hoped to spread Roman power and return the Empire to a period of global domination. The faction also centered its beliefs in a Christian dominated world, preferring that the Empire be ruled and dominated by Christian values. This put it apart from the Illuminati Faction, which focused on a more nuanced nationalism and religious conservatism.

The Fascist Faction is considered one of the "Big Three" political factions in Roman society at present, along with the Illuminati and Freemason Factions. The Fascists were at their strongest from the rise of Communism to the end of the World War, as global instability and the threat of atheist or Islamic expansion made the values of the Fascists desirable. Since then, the Fascists have rarely captured the Consulship, but have maintained a sizable presence in the Senate and has at times helped or hindered the creation of coalitions.

Freemason Faction

Freemason Faction
Ελευθερότεκτων Φράξια (Greek)
Founded January 14, 1864
Headquarters Constantinople
Ideology Social Democracy
Labor rights
Political position Center-Left
Official colours Red
House of Nobles:
19 / 54
House of Commoners:
210 / 615

The Freemason Faction was founded in the decades following the Roman Revolution when there was no effective faction dominating the left-wing political field. The Republican Faction was severely weakened following their action within the Revolution and the Illuminati and Fascists held most of the power within government. However, increasing industrialization and a more liberal Western Europe led to some more liberal values to enter the political mainstream, which the Illuminati and Fascists eschewed.

Such values included universal suffrage, a more equitable relationship between the nobility and the people, greater labor rights, and a more secular government to take into account the Jews, Muslims, and Hindus within the Empire. Such issues were not considered important by the other Factions and the Republicans failed to incorporate any of these ideas or reform itself into a major actor. As such, the Freemason Faction was born, taking its name from free and equal workers.

The Freemasons had to undergo a significant test within Imperial politics relatively shortly after its foundation, with the outbreak of the Italian Civil War. The Freemasons distanced itself from Republican or Communist values and supported the Roman government in its bid to restore order and stability to the region. The faction felt that liberal values would be spread best within a centralized network instead of many fragmented and squabbling nations.

The Freemasons were successful in accomplishing much of their agenda over time. The Freemasons were not as popular during the wars against Communism due to their left-wing sympathies, and some party leaders were spied on by the Imperial government. Following the war and the defeat of Communism, many of their more progressive goals like universal suffrage were enacted in full, and the faction remains one of the major political forces to this day.

Communist Faction

Communist Faction
Κομμουνιστικό φατρία (Greek)
Founded April 2, 1899
Headquarters Constantinople
Ideology Transitional Communism
State atheism
Political position Left
Official colours Dark Red
House of Nobles:
1 / 54
House of Commoners:
2 / 615

The Communist Faction is the main far-left political organization within the Empire. The faction takes the values of the Freemasons to an extreme and follows the beliefs of Transitional Communism, which stipulates a gradual movement of the country and its politics to the left side of the political spectrum and the eventual abolition of any class distinctions.

Due to its role as a Transitional Communist political faction, the Communist Faction was never outlawed by the Imperial government, although its members were regularly spied on by the government during the Red Scare and the Communist War. Following the war, the spying was lifted and the Faction resumed its standard political discourse. Despite this, the Communists have never captured the Consulship or the majority of the Senate.

State Political Parties

Italian League

Alexander's Party

Outlawed Political Parties

International People's Front

Islamic People's Front

Islamic People's Front
Μέτωπο Ισλαμικής Λαϊκής (Greek)
الجبهة الشعبية الإسلامي (Arabic)
Founded March 29, 1990
Headquarters Unknown
Political position Far-Right
Official colours Black

The Islamic People's Front or Μέτωπο Ισλαμικής Λαϊκής, (MIL) is a militant political entity dedicated to driving Roman forces from majority Muslim areas. Unlike its predecessor the International People's Front, there is no clear indication that the MIL will continue attacks on the Roman Empire and its allies should the Empire be driven from such areas. That being said, there is no indication they won't as well, as they have said multiple times they will force the Romans from all areas once controlled by Muslims, which extends well into Christian Europe.

The MIL split from the DLM in 1990 over disagreements regarding religion and tactics within the movement. As such, the MIL was formed to focus primarily on Muslim areas and to replace the DLM's strict atheistic Communism with an Islamic theocracy. The MIL is believed to only operate in Barbaria, Arabia, Israel, Syria, and Kurdistan. The MIL has occasionally battled the militaries of Arabia and Mesopotamia as well. Following Operation: Black Moon, most sanctuaries for MIL insurgents are believed to have been dismantled, and nowadays attacks by the MIL are rare.

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