Roman EmpireTimeline: Two Superpowers
OTL equivalent: Roman Empire
Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR)
Imperium Sine Fine
|Other cities||Constantinopolis, Vienna, Paris, Thessoloniki, Carthage, Antioch, Alexandria, London|
|Regional Languages||Koine Greek, French, Spanish, Romanian, Italian|
|Government||Constitutional Imperial Monarchy|
|-||Foundation of Rome||753 BC|
|-||Roman Republic is created||509 BC|
|-||Roman Empire is created||27 BC|
One of the two superpowers of this world. Its might influences all West and only rivals to Han Dynasty, whose hegemony influences all East.
Roman State had rather a humble beginning, considering its state as a superpower that could bend most countries to its will. Rome was founded by legendary king of Romulus as a client state of the Etruscans. As time goes by, the need of an autocratic King was useless so the mighty nobles united then established the oligarchic republic, which had aspects of monarchy and democracy. During the early republican periods, Rome secured the rule in Italy by establishing Latium Pact, conquering Etruscan cities, defeating Celts who tried to invade Rome. As Rome was growing, the Greeks were waning giving Romans chance to conquer the southern Italy's Greek city states. Conquering Greek City States in southern Italy did not come easy as those city states called their ally Epirus headed by the king Pyrrhos. Pyrrhos won battles against Romans but due to immense casualties caused by Romans, he left to Sicily to fight off Carthage. As Pyrrhos left to Sicily, Romans took advantage of the situation and prepared its army that could fight effectively and as Pyrrhos returned, Romans won the war and took southern Italy without limitations.
As Romans secured Italy, they turned their eyes to Sicily. This started the Punic Wars. During the First Punic War, Rome earned Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica. During the Second War, Rome defeated Hannibal, gained some lands in Spain. The Third War, despite the first two, was not for any gain but rather to ensure the destruction of Carthage. As this war ended, Rome ended the war with Macedonia, and gained most of Greece and Syria making Rome the Superpower of the Mediterranean World.
The external growth ignited the political chaos within the republic.