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The Roman Empire is an empire that was founded 44 BCE and has survived with fluctuating success until modern times. It was originally started by Augustus Caesar and ruled everything touching the Mediterannean until the 3rd Century, when rebellions and raids took their toll. They survived divided, isolated, and alone for centuries. The Byzantine Empire carried on the Eastern Empire and Roma survived as the East.
The Byzantine Empire one united with Roma in the 7th Century, until Arabs began to attack the Byzantine Empire and they had to abandon Roma. In 1459, the Byzantine Empire fell and Roma was the last part of the Roman Empire. It only had half of Italy until the Rennaisance, when much of Italy joined the Roman Empire. The Roman Empire began to take back the territory of the Byzantine Empire. In 1621, Constantinople was retaken.
The Roman Empire meanwhile built colonies in the New World. Brazil, Florida, Cuba, and much of Mexico were colonized by the Romans. Brazil (Aureleus), Florida (New Italia), Cuba (New Crete), and Mexico (Aztecum) were all part of the Empire until the 19th century, when New Italia was sold to the United States of America. Aztecum revolted in 1910 and the Roman Empire gave it its independence. New Crete peacefully gained its independence in 1932, and Aureleus was granted independence in 1939.
In 1934, northern Italy revolted and became fascist. The Roman Empire helped the Allies in World War II, despite its neutrality in World War I. In 1945, the Roman Empire became a permanent member of the United Nations. It was one of the three superpowers in the Cold War.
The powers of an emperor exists by virtue of his tribunician powers (potestas tribunicia) and his proconsular powers (imperium proconsulare) The tribunician powers once gave the emperor's person and office sacrosanct, and gave the emperor authority over Rome's civil government, including the power to preside over and to control the Senate. However, a document similar to the Magna Carte was signed in 285 AD.
The emperor also had the authority to carry out a range of duties that had been performed by the censors, including the power to control senate membership. In addition, the emperor controlled the religious institutions, since, as emperor, he was Pontifex Maximus and a member of each of the four major priesthoods.While these distinctions were clearly defined during the early empire, eventually they were lost, and the emperor's powers became less constitutional and more monarchical.
Realistically, the main support of an emperor's power and authority was the military. Being paid by the imperial treasury, the legionaries also swear an annual military oath of loyalty towards him.
Tthe senate is entitled to choose the new emperor in the event that the emperor is unable to continue his work, but most emperors choose their own successors, usually a close family member. The new emperor has to seek a swift acknowledgement of his new status and authority in order to stabilize the political landscape. No emperor could hope to survive, much less to reign, without the allegiance and loyalty of the and of the legions. To secure their loyalty, several emperors pay the Praetorian Guard a monetary reward.
The Roman Empire has always been known for a strong military. The oldest two are the Legionarres and Praetorian. They were almost always melee until the introduction of gunpowder, though there were ranged ones since the early empire. The archers were heavily trained, and they were dead-eyes.
The Praetorian was a major component in the crusades.
Today, the Legionarres are trained heavily in defensive tactics, and their will is even stronger than their armor. The Praetorians are used primarilly for invasions. They use a variety of tactics and have numerous positions in the order. Each unit is trained heavily and their aim is unmatched.
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