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Rise of Rome

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Around 400 AD, Emperor Diocletian split the Roman Empire in half. This would eventually lead to Rome's decline, as barbarians invaded and took over the West and a new empire, Byzantium, rose to power in the East. But what if Constantine had never split the Empire? Welcome to world where the Roman Empire still exists.

Quick Overview

The age of Pax Romana continues until the 13th Century when wars break out with the Mongol and Arabian Empires. Two centuries later, Rome finds itself at war again as Muslim invaders attempt to conquer Rome. Rome is victorious, and the Second Pax Romana lasts until the 19th century, when three, long civil wars rock the Roman Empire. Following a third and final World War in the 1940s, Rome is stable once again - but weak. The once-glorious Roman Empire is overshadowed by the United States. In the second half of the 20th century, Rome was locked in a bitter Cold War with the Mongols. In the present-day, 2010, Rome is in a major economic upswing, with the new Euro currency strong, and a very technologically advanced industrial complex.

Pax Romana Continued (27 BC-1241 AD)

For 1200 years, Rome remains prosperous like it was before Diocletian split the empire (in OTL). From 330 to 395, Rome wages a victorious, but long, war against German and Gallic barbarians. By the start of the 5th century, they are defeated, and Rome remains prosperous. During this long period of prosperity within the walls of Rome, several other events happened simultaneously.

Coloseium

A sacrifice at the Roman Colosseum in 348

  • Rome expanded to the point where it controlled the entire northern half of Africa.
  • In the Middle East, various small kingdoms were conquered by Muslims and formed the Arabian Empire.
  • The Roman Empire, over time, accepted Christianity as its major religion
  • Mongolia, a young nation, was slowly gaining power in Asia. It would continue to expand rapidly until the point where it reached the frontiers of Rome.


Two Wars, and In Between

World War I (1294-1293)

  • Roman Empire
  • Japan
  • India
  • Arabia

---against---

  • The Mongol Empire
General1

A Roman general leads his army into battle against Mongol invaders.

For the past two centuries, the Mongol Empire grew larger and larger as it conquered all of its neighbors - Russia, China, Korea, Indochina. It was expanding all of the way to the Roman Empire. The Mongol Invasion of the Roman Empire, under the leadership of Subutai, centered on the destruction of the Roman Empire and the securing of Mongolia's expansion to the Atlantic Ocean. The Mongols invaded Hungary and Poland, both nations at the time states of Rome. The war lasted several years, and consisted of battles mostly in eastern and southern Europe. Rome was successful at repelling the invasion, but led a disastrous incursion into Mongol-occupied Russia. Mongolia also fought campaigns against Japan, India, and Arabia- all which allied with Rome. Peace was made in 1293, with the Allies victorious.


The Interwar Period (1293-1522)

During the time between World War I and World War II, Rome was engulfed in the prosperity it had enjoyed previous to the Mongol Invasion. Eastern Europe was devastated by the war, but was largely rebuilt by 1320. The 1300s was noted for Arabia's rise to power in the Middle East, and the century in which the Mongol Empire was at its weakest point (this would change during World War II). As Arabia rose to power, it soon become obvious by the middle of the 1400s that Rome and Arabia were to go to war.


World War II (1522-1573)

  • Roman Empire
  • Mongol Empire

---against---

  • Arabian Empire
  • Japan
Vienna

The Battle of Vienna in 1529 halted the Arab advance into Europe, and was the turning point of World War II.

On May 29th, 1453, the Arabian Empire conquered Constantinople and renamed the city Istanbul. Following this event, Muslim invaders attacked southeastern Europe. By 1500, they conquered Albania, Bosnia, Croatia, Hungary, Serbia, and Romania- all these provinces of the Roman Empire. The wars between Rome and Arabia erupted into full-scale war when the Arabs attacked Venice, on the Italian peninsula. It was the first time Italy saw warfare in over a thousand years. Rome responded by creating the Allied League with the Mongols and creating an army of one million men to drive out the Muslims. Mongol aid to Rome helped win the war. Ferocious battles erupted at Rhodes and Malta, and the Muslims still advanced, yet taking on huge casualties. Meanwhile, Japan entered the war against Rome and Mongolia by launching a surprise attack Mongol China.


The Battle of Vienna was the turning point of World War II. It halted the Arab advance into Europe and caused a decisive blow to the Arabs. The Roman Empire pushed back the Arab forces, and the Muslims went on the retreat from Vienna onward. The Battle of Lepanto in 1571 destroyed the Arabian Empire's last sufficient fighting force within Roman territory. Two years later, Rome and Arabia made peace- the Arabs agreeing to withdraw from Roman territory.


The Second Pax Romana (1573-1789)

  • Renaissance occurs in the Roman Empire.
  • Rome discovers new continents, such as North America, South America and Australia.
  • The Mongolian Empire is strong once again, now allies with Rome.
  • Rome conquers the Americas and Australia and colonizes them.
  • The Industrial Revolution occurs in Europe.
  • In the 1770s and 1780s, colonists in North America break away from Rome, and established the United States of America.
  • Meanwhile, nationalism is growing strong in France and Germany. The areas seek to break away from Rome.


The Long Decline of Rome

French War of Independence (1789-1815)

  • France
  • German Nationalists
  • Swiss Nationalists
  • French Liberation Front

with support from

  • The United States
  • Arabia

---against---

  • The Roman Empire
  • The Mongol Empire
Austerlitz

Roman and French-Rebel forces battle at Austerlitz in 1805.


Overview

The First Civil War, also known as the Great French War and the French War of Secession, was a conflict between revolutionaries in France and Germany against the Roman Empire, as French and German nationalists attempted to secede from the Roman Empire and secure independence. The rebels were led by a young but brilliant general named Napoleon. The war was played out on an unprecedented scale, mainly due to the application of modern mass conscription. French power rose quickly, conquering most of Europe, but collapsed rapidly after Rebel France's disastrous invasion of Mongolia in 1812. The rebel republic ultimately suffered complete military defeat resulting in the restoration of Roman rule in France. Meanwhile the war weakened Rome's grip on its colonies in Latin America. Europe was devastated by the war, which greatly weakened the power of the Roman Empire.


First Crackdown

The First Crackdown was the first major effort to contain Revolutionary France. France declared war on the Roman Empire on April 20th, 1792. Rome initiated a series of invasions of France by land and sea, attacking from three places: the Netherlands, the Rhine, and from Spain. France suffered internal strife, and responded with extreme measures: the Committee of Public Safety formed (6 April 1793) and France drafted all potential soldiers aged 18 to 25 (August 1793). The new French armies counterattacked, repelled the invaders, and moved beyond France. French arms established the Batavian Republic as a satellite state (May 1795) and gained the Rhineland by the first Treaty of Basel.


Second Crackdown

The Second Crackdown was the second attempt by the Roman Empire to eliminate Revolutionary France. Rome attempted to roll back France's previous conquests. The Roman Empire raised fresh armies for campaigns in Germany and Italy in 1799.


In the summer of 1798, Napoleon led an expedition to Egypt. Meanwhile during his absence from Europe, the outbreak of violence in Switzerland drew French support for Swiss Rebels against Roman rule. When revolutionaries overthrew the Roman Governor Canton governments in Bern, a French army moved into Switzerland, ostensibly to support the Swiss rebels. In northern Italy, Mongol General Aleksandr Suvorov won a string of victories driving the French, under Moreau, out of the Po Valley, and forcing them back on the French Alps and the coast around Genoa. However, the Mongol armies in the Switzerland were defeated by the French, and Suvorov's army was eventually withdrawn; ultimately the Russians withdrew from Roman territory when Rome insisted on the right to search all vessels it stopped at sea. In Germany, Roman forces drove the French under Jean-Baptiste Jourdan back across the Rhine, and won several victories. Jourdan was replaced by Massena, who would be most successful later on.


Third Crackdown

The Third Crackdown, spanning from 1803 to 1806 saw the defeat of an alliance of Rome and Mongolia by France and its client states under Napoleon. Rome was the only country still at war with France after the signing of the French-Mongol Peace Treaty. The Third Crackdown itself came to full swing in the summer of 1805, as Napoleon's provocative actions in Italy (crowning himself King) and Germany led to the Mongol Empire once again joining Rome and attacking France. The war would be decided on the continent, and the major land operations that sealed the swift French victory involved the Ulm Campaign, a large wheeling maneuver by the French lasting from late August to mid-October that captured an entire Roman army, and the decisive French victory over a combined Mongol-Roman force at the Battle of Austerlitz.


Austerlitz effectively brought the Third Crackdown to an end, although later there was a small side campaign against Naples, which also resulted in a decisive French victory at the Battle of Camp Tenese. On 26 December 1805, Rome and France signed the Truce at Pressburg. Mongol troops were allowed to head back to the Mongol Empire. France's Victory at Austerlitz also permitted the creation of the Confederation of Western Europe, a collection of German, Swiss, and Italian states intended as a buffer zone between France and the rest of the Roman Empire. Austerlitz had driven neither Mongolia nor Rome, whose armies protected Sicily from a French invasion, to settle. Meanwhile, Rome was about to go to war with France again in the Fourth Crackdown.


Fourth Crackdown

The Fourth Crackdown against Napoleon's French Empire was defeated in a war spanning 1806–1807. Once again, Mongolia and Rome allied against France. In early March, 1806, France violated the terms of the Truce at Pressburg by invading the Confederation of Western Europe. Rome attacked France, with Mongolia quickly coming to support it.


French troops quickly conquered the Confederation of Western Europe. After a failed Allied attack in northern Italy, French forces drove across northern Germany. On August 27th, French forces entered Berlin. A huge area of the heart of the Roman Empire was now under French control. France won several victories in western Austria. Meanwhile, with French forces nearing Rome itself, Rome withdrew its forces against France following a French victory at Firenze.


Fifth Crackdown

The Fifth Crackdown, fought in the year 1809, pitted Rome against France. This time, Mongolia stayed neutral in the conflict. Rome sent another expedition, the Walcheren Campaign, to the Netherlands in order to relieve the Austrians, although this effort had little impact on the outcome of the conflict. Roman forces then attacked France from Spain, but this failed as well. After much campaigning in Bavaria and across the Danube Valley, the war ended favorably for the French after the bloody struggle at Wagram in early July. France then seized parts of Poland. With the French right up at Mongolia's doorstep, Mongolia mobilized its army in the East. The Sixth Crackdown (last one!) would begin when France attacked Mongolia.



Sixth Crackdown

War30

The massive Battle of Leipzig, the largest battle in history prior to World War III.

In the Sixth Crackdown, an alliance of of Rome and Mongolia finally defeated France and drove Napoleon Bonaparte into exile on Madagascar. After Napoleon's disastrous invasion of the Mongol Empire in 1811, Allied armies reorganized along more Napoleonic lines, they drove Napoleon out of Germany in 1813 and invaded France in 1814, forcing Napoleon to abdicate and restoring Roman rule in France


Two-and-a-half million troops fought in the conflict and the total dead amounted to as many as two million. The Sixth Crackdown included the battles of Smolensk, Borodino, Lutzen, Bautzen, Dresden, and the epic clash at Leipzig. The Battle of Leipzig was the largest battle of the First Civil War, and was the largest battle in history (at the time). Many larger battles will occur during World War III.


The final stage of the war, the defence of France, saw the Roman Empire temporarily regain his former mastery; he repulsed vastly superior armies in the Six Days Campaign, which many believe to be the most brilliant feat of generalship of his career. Ultimately, Napoleon's earlier setbacks in Russia and Germany proved to be the seeds of his undoing, and the Allies occupied Paris, forcing his abdication.


The Revolt of 1815: France's Last Stand

The Revolt of 1815 marked the period between Emperor Napoleon's return from exile on Madagascar to Paris on 20 March 1815 and the second restoration of Roman rule in France. Following Roman occupation of France, French rebels constantly attacked the Roman occupiers. Napoleon returned from Madagascar, landed on the French Riviera, and led a 400-mile march to Paris. During this time, Napoleon organized the French Liberation Army, or the FLA. On March 20th, the FLA seized Paris, and Napoleon demanded that the French Empire was restored.


The next day, Rome and Mongolia bound themselves to put 500,000 men each into the field to end his rule. This set the stage for the last conflict in the First Civil War, the defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo, the restoration of Roman rule in France. Napoleon was captured on July 18th, 1815, and the FLA quickly collapsed. In 1821, Napoleon was executed in Rome.


The Long War

  • Democratic Movement of Rome
  • German Revolution
  • Austrian Revolution
  • French Revolution
  • Mongol Empire

---against---

  • The Roman Empire
  • French Coalition Government


1871

German forces charge Roman guns at the Battle of Mans-La-Tour.

The Long War began in 1848 when a wave of rebellions rocked the Roman Empire, as new liberal ideas of democracy and representative government (like the government of the United States) swept Europe. The following year, the rebellions turned into an all-out civil war when nationalists in Austria and Germany (Germany once again) tried to break away from the Roman Empire. In 1850s, civil unrest rocked France. The Roman Empire made a deal with France, that if it helped out, a coalition government would be created, and France would have some independent functions of its government. Meanwhile, the war in Germany raged on.


This time the entire populations of these countries supported the rebel movement, and it was more difficult from Rome to quash. The Battle of Hamburg in 1866 was a turning point, where Rome took on huge casualties. From there, German troops went on the advance. German forces besieged Paris in 1870. The following year, the two factions signed the temporary Brussels Truce. The Republic of Germany was declared in Berlin, but Rome denied Germany's existence and recognized Germany as part of the Roman Empire. A similar situation occurred in Austria. By 1900, most French citizens were loyal to the Emperor, and the French Coalition Government was dismissed in favor of direct Roman administration.


Revolt in France

The French Revolt of 1848 ended the "Shaky Era" that began earlier in the century, and was the event that triggered the Second Civil War. In France, the February Revolution ended Roman rule in France (which had existed since 1815) and led to the creation of the French Second Republic. The June Days were a bloody but unsuccessful rebellion by the Paris workers against a conservative turn in the Republic's course. On December 2, 1848, Louis Napoleon was elected President of the Second Republic, largely on peasant support. Exactly three years later he suspended the elected assembly, establishing the Second French Empire, which lasted until 1871.

War38

French citizens revolt against Roman rule in 1848.


In August, 1848, Rome declared war on the Republic of France and sent troops to quash it. Fearing another war like the one waged against Napoleon, Rome committed a million troops into quashing the revolt. The tactic of overwhelming the French with huge numbers was successful, and in 1851, France was defeated. But Germany had entered the war the previous year, and the victory in France was misleading- the Second Civil War was only beginning.

Democratic Movement on the Italian Peninsula

In late 1847 Italian citizens, tired of Roman monarchy and with flaming ideas of democracy (inspired by France, the first Republic, during the First Civil War), people formed the Democratic Movement of Rome (DMR) on December 10th, 1847. Citizens in Milan planned to quit using tobacco or play lottery as of January 1, 1848, both of which fed the Roman treasury, and Roman soldiers, angry at the success, soon shot and killed 61 DMR protesters. Citizens armed themselves, and news of more shootings in Vienna came, they expelled the Roman forces from Milan (March 18-March 22, 1848). But not only in Trieste, in 1848, did the fight assume vast proportions. In some cities of Dalmatia a civic guard was formed. At Spalato the people liberated from prison Antonio Baiamonti and Pietro Savo, two ardent defenders of the Democratic cause. The people of Trent, on March 19, 1848, boldly raised the DMR flag (the Roman flag except instead of a crown in the center their was a star), defied the shots of the Roman pickets, destroyed the office of finance, then ran to the city hall and demanded that a commission be sent at once to Vienna to request the institution of democracy within the Roman Empire. The following day, March 20, 1848, the municipality of Trent established the national guard and sent a patriotic appeal to the citizens in which they expressed the wish that the example of Trent should be followed by all of Trentino. In fact at Ala, Rovereto, Riva, and other cities and in the valleys, the inhabitants of Trentino hoisted the DMR flag and decorated their breasts with the tricolor cockade. This is commonly known as the "Five Days of Milan." At approximately the same time similar insurrections took place in numerous towns and cities, and most importantly in Venice, where the Democratic Movement was popular and city governors agreed to it.


Protest7

A DMR protest in Milan.

The DMR had the most success in the spring and summer of 1848, but would be in a constant battle for control throughout the 1850s and 1860s.


Mongolia Attacks Rome- The Crimean Campaign.

The Crimean Campaign was fought between the Mongol Empire on one side and an alliance of the Roman Empire and the Arabian Empire on the other. The war was part of a long-running contest between the major European powers for influence over territories of the declining Arabian Empire. In 1848 through 1853, Rome was weak and fighting a series of internal rebellions, and Mongolia saw it as the perfect opportunity to strike first. Most of the conflict took place on the Crimean Peninsula, but there were smaller campaigns in western Turkey, Ukraine, Belarus, the Baltic Sea, the Pacific Ocean, and the White Sea.


War39

The Battle of Sevastopol in November, 1854.

Historians have been debated whether the Crimean Campaign was an extension of the Second Civil War or an entirely different conflict all together. Mongolia and its allies fighting Rome (including French revolutionaries, German revolutionaries, and the Democratic Movement of Rome), had little formal relations, and Mongolia only used Rome's internal conflicts to its advantage. This article considers the Crimean Campaign an extension of the Second Civil War.


Mongolia struck the far eastern provinces of Rome, but Rome quickly repelled the invasion and pushed the Mongols back into their own territory. Rome followed up this advance with an invasion of the Crimean Peninsula. Both sides rushed the re-enforce their armies in Crimea, which soon became the focal point of the entire conflict. Mongolia won the war by initiating a drive along the Baltic coast into the Roman Empire, which forced the Romans to evacuate Crimea and defend their own turf. In February 1856, Rome made peace with Mongolia as the civil conflict in the Roman Empire intensified.


Germany in Revolt

In June of 1862, Germany joined the DMR and declared its independence from Rome. Led by Lord Bismarck, the Germans fought a massive campaign for independence against Rome, and confused fighting engulfed the provinces of Holstein and South Denmark. At the Little Peace, signed in 1865, Rome agreed to make Germany a commonwealth. Bismarck realized that the creation of the German Commonwealth was only a temporary solution, and tensions escalated between Prussia and Austria. The struggle for independence in Germany then led to the resumption of hostilities between Bismarck's forces and Rome, triggered by the dispute over Germany's status as a nation.



War41

German troops march into battle during the Battle of Hamburg.

In 1866, Germany attacked Roman forces at Hamburg and won the battle. This was the turning point in the entire Second Civil War. From their, the Germans, Austrians, and DMR won a string of victories against Rome. On August 14th, 1866, the Republic of Germany was declared, and Rome, now dealing with a revolution in Austria, agreed to recognize Germany.



War42

German troops on the advance south of Hannover.

Austria in Revolt

In 1865, Austria, following the leads of France and Germany, revolted against rule of the Roman Empire. Strongly determined to contain Austria, Roman forces attacked Austria. They quickly occupied the country, and the Austrians continued to fight a guerrilla war. In 1868, the Austrian rebels form the ALF, or Austrian Liberation Front.


The Italian Campaign

The Italian Campaign was a conflict between the Roman Empire and the Republic of Germany. Germany was aided by the Austrian Liberation Front. The complete German victory brought about the final unification of Germany under Bismarck. It also marked the downfall of Emperor Napolito and the end of the Roman Empire as a monarchy, which became a democracy in 1871. As part of the settlement, the territory of Alsace-Lorraine was taken by Germany, which it would retain until Germany's defeat in the Third Civil War.


The superiority of the German forces was soon evident, due in part to efficient use of railways and impressively superior Krupp artillery. A series of swift German victories in northern Italy culminated in the Battle of Torino, at which Napolito was captured with his whole army on 2 September. Yet this did not end the war, as the Roman Provisional Federation was declared in Rome on 4 September 1870, and Roman resistance continued under the Government of National Defence.


Over a five-month campaign, the German armies defeated the newly recruited Roman armies in a series of battles fought across northern-central Italy. Following a prolonged siege, Rome fell on 28 January 1871. The siege is also notable for the first use of anti-aircraft artillery, a Krupp piece built specifically to shoot down the hot air balloons being used by the French as couriers. The final Treaty of Frankfurt was signed 10 May 1871, during the time of the Roman Commune uprising of 1871, where the DMR attacked Rome.


The Treaty of Frankfurt

With Rome under siege and the rebels capturing significant areas of Europe, the Roman Empire was cornered and agreed to an armistice with unfavorable terms. Under the Treaty of Frankfurt ...


  • The Roman Empire would become a democratic republic.
  • Germany and Austria had assured independence from Rome.
  • Mongolia had total control of Crimea and the Baltic Coastline.
  • The French Coalition Government would allow France partially independent systems of government.
  • Rome could not attack Mongolia for a period of 50 years.


The Great Civil War (1914-1945)

Overview

The Great Civil War as the most bloody war of all time, with 146.4 million war-related deaths from 1914 to 1945. It was a climatic clash of tensions building for decades over sectionalism, politics, and opposing ideologies Not only was their a civil war going on in Rome, but there was one going on in the Mongol Empire, in Japan, and in other parts of the world. Never has the alignment of world power been altered so greatly from when the war began, to when it ended. The Civil War had not only dozens of factions, but these factions switched sides from time and time, and so it is nearly impossible for a clear breakdown of the different factions. The Roman Civil War has been split into Three Phases.


Phases of the War
  • Phase 1: Democracy vs. Monarchy (1914-1918)
  • Phase 2: Democracy vs. Monarchy vs. Communism (1918-1937)
  • Phase 3: Communism/Democracy/Monarchy vs. Fascism (1937-1945)


Leaders of the Factions
  • Leader of Democracy- Roman Empire
  • Leader of Monarchy- Republic of Germany
  • Leader of Communism- Mongol Empire
  • Leader of Fascism- Social Republic of Rome


Reasons for the War
  • Sectionalism in the Roman Empire
  • Dispute over government, should it be a monarchy or democracy?
  • Dispute over whether Communism was better then capitalism.
  • Later on, the war would be fought over pure moral ideology
  • Both the Mongol Empire and the United States wanted to take down the old Roman Empire was establish themselves as superpowers.
Results of the War
  • The Roman Empire emerges weak, unstable, and virtually powerless. It is divided into two foreign "spheres of influence", a Mongol one and an American one.
  • The United States and Mongol Empire, with Rome destroyed, are the new global superpowers.
  • Japan has been conquered by the United States.
  • Colonies of the Roman Empire break away from it.
  • Arabia also slowly rises in power.
  • Rome is permanently a complete democracy.

Phase 1: Democracy vs. Monarchy (1914-1918)

  • Roman Empire
  • Mongol Empire
  • United States
  • Republic of Japan

--against---

  • Republic of Germany
  • Republic of Austria
  • Arabia
  • Ireland
  • Japanese National Front


The conflict opened with the German invasion of Roman France, the Austrian invasion of the Italian Peninsula, and a Mongol intervention, attacking Germany and Austria from the East. After the German march on Paris was brought to a halt, the "Western Campaign" settled into a static battle of attrition with a trench line that changed little until 1917. In the East, the Mongol army successfully fought against the Austrian forces but was forced back by the German army. Additional fronts opened after Arabia joined the war in 1914. The Mongol Empire collapsed in 1917, and Russia left the war after the Bolshevik Uprising later that year. The civil war would spread to Mongolia, and it would stay there until 1922. After a 1918 German offensive against France, the United States intervened, and the German armies were driven back in a series of successful allied offensives.


With a Communist uprising in both Rome and Mongolia, the two sides in Phase 1 agreed to a peace. On November 11th, 1918, an armistice was signed, and Germany and Austria switched sides, helping Rome fight the Communist uprising.


Aftermath
  • Arabia and Austria total capitulated, and Roman forces move in to occupy those areas.
  • Germany and Japan make peace with Rome in order to unite against Communist and Fascist uprisings.
  • Fascist revolts begin on the Italian Peninsula and Germany.
  • Communist and anti-Fascist revolts begin in Germany and the eastern provinces of the Roman Empire.
  • Neither side so far achieved what they entered the war for.


Phase 2: Democracy/Monarchy vs. Communism vs. Fascism (1918-1937)

  • Mogol Communist Party
  • German Communist Party
  • Red Army
  • Mongol Socialist Empire

---against---

  • Nazi Party
  • Black Movement
  • Action Francaise
  • British National Party
  • National Liberation Front
  • Spanish National Party

---against---

  • Mongol Republic
  • Mongol Military
  • White Movement
  • Roman Empire
  • Japan
  • United States
  • Arabia
  • Germany
  • Russian Independence Movement


War in Mongolia

The principal fighting occurred between the Bolshevik Red Army, often in temporary alliance with other leftist pro-revolutionary groups, and the forces of the Mongol Army, the loosely-allied anti-Bolshevik forces. Many foreign armies warred against the Red Army, notably the Roman Empire, and many volunteer foreigners fought in both sides of the war in Mongolia. The Poland also tried to gain independence from the Mongol Empire, succeeded, and was annexed by the Roman Empire. Germany and Austria, which had recently concluded an armistice with Rome, also fought against the Communists, with Germany and Austria invaded Mongolia from the west.

The most intense fighting took place from 1918 to 1920. Major military operations ended on 25 October 1922 when the Red Army occupied Vladivostok, which was the capital of the "Provisional Mongol Republic". The last enclave of the democratic forces was the Ayano-Myask District on Russia's Pacific coast, where General Anatoly Pepeelyayev did not capitulate until 17 June 1923.

In Mongol historiography the period of the civil war in Mongolia only has traditionally been defined as 1918–1921, but the war's skirmishes actually stretched from 1917 to 1923.


Other Fronts
  • Fascists attempt to take over France, Britannia, Spain, and Ireland. They fail to do so in this phase.
  • Fascists successfully overrun the Italian Peninsula and Germany. They have their eyes on Spain and Austria.
  • Bolivia intervenes on the side of the Fascists, Paraguay on the anti-Fascist, so the two nations clash in South America, with Paraguay ultimately victorious.
  • A nationalist revolt in Turkey drives out Roman control, which had existed since 1918 since the collapse of Arabia.


Results
  • Communist forces pushed out of the Roman Empire, but in return, the Mongol Empire fell to Communist rule.
  • Fascists take control of the Italian Peninsula and Germany, but defeated in France, Spain and other parts of the Empire.
  • The Roman Empire fails to destroy Fascism, but succeeds in containing it - so far.

Phase 3: Communism, Democracy and Monarchy vs. Fascism (1937-1945)

  • Mongol Empire
  • United States
  • Roman Empire
  • Roman State of Britannia (RSB)
  • Canada
  • Australia
  • New Zealand
  • South Africa

---against---

  • National Liberation Front (NLF)
  • Nazi Roman Empire (Nazi Rome)
  • Japanese Empire
  • Thailand
  • Arab Revolt


This phase of the war war is generally accepted to have begun in 1937, when the Fascists once again tried to take over Spain, but this time succeeded. To prevent the escalation of the conflict, Rome allowed the Fascists to take over Austria - but no more territory! In 1939, the NLF once again expanded into the area of Prussia. Finally, Rome declared "all-out war" on the National Liberation Front. Rome's colonies also sent forces to help defeat the NLF. Within two and a half years, the NLF conquered nearly all of the Roman Empire. Only some enclaves in Sweden, Palestine and southern Africa remained under Allied control- along with Britannia. Soon, the NLF merged with its Fascist allies to become the Nazi Roman Empire. The "old" Roman Empire became the RSB, or Roman State of Britannia, with its headquarters in London. Mongolia and Japan were already at war by 1939, whereas other countries that were not initially involved joined the war later in response to events such as the Roman Invasion of the Mongol Empire and the Japanese attacks on the US Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor and on RSB overseas colonies, which triggered declarations of war on Japan by the USA and the RSB. The Allies advanced slowly, and by 1944 rapidly. Communist Mongolia repelled the invasion and eventually pushed the Nazis all the way back to their headquarters in Berlin, while American and "old Roman" forces invaded northern France from Britannia in June, 1944. As the Mongols advanced from the west, the Americans and "old Romans" advanced from the west. The Allies also counter-attacked against Japan, but when Japan refused to surrender at the end of the war, the United States dropped two atomic bombs on Japanese cities. This ended hostilities.



The war ended with the total victory of the Allies over Nazi Rome and Japan in 1945.


Results
  • Finally, total Allied victory. The Roman civil war had come to a close.
  • For the long-term aftermath of the war, go the "Results of the War" area.

See also

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