After a rise in nationalist feelings throughout Manchuria, The Nationalist Manchurian Party was formed. Originally formed to try and present a united front to bring their complaints to the Communist government, but after the government massacred 300 party members in Harbin in 1954 their priorities changed. Now they strove to gather enough support to declare independence, but instead of a puppet state, like they were as Manchukuo, this time, they were determined to be their own independent leaders. Chin-tsai Hsu, a nationalist from Taiwan became the first official party leader and spearheaded Manchurian independence. On May 24, Manchuria declared independence from China with Harbin as its capital.