Christiansborg Palace and Børsen

Christiansborg Palace, the seat of Rigsdag

The Rigsdag is the national legislative assembly and the supreme decision-making body in the United Kingdom of Scandinavia. The Rigsdag is bicameral legislature with total 806 members, consisting of an upper house (the Landsting) and a lower house (the Folketing). The Rigsdag is located in Christiansborg Palace, on the islet of Slotsholmen in central Copenhagen.

The Landsting, literally means the State Assembly, currently consists of 225 members: 37 hereditary members from the Scandinavian noble houses; 95 members appointed for life and 28 appointed for eight years by the Monarch on the advice of the Prime Minister, called the Herres; and 65 members that indirectly elected by county and city councilors every four years. The Folketing, literally means the People’s Assembly, consists of 581 members that directly elected by universal suffrage based on party-list proportional representation for a maximum four-year term.

Bills were submitted by the Government to the Folketing or by a member of the Folketing. Members of the Landsting were not permitted to propose legislation by themselves. If passed by the Folketing, the bill would be sent to the Landsting for review or revision. Most bills were passed unamended by the Landsting and then sent directly to the king for royal assent.

If the Landsting amended the Folketing decision, the bill would be sent back to the Folketing. If the Folketing approved the Landsting amendments, the bill would be signed into law by the King. If it did not, then the bill would return to the Landsting. If the Landsting still proposed amendments, the bill would be submitted a plenary session of the Rigsdag. In order to be passed, the bill should have then had the approval of a two-thirds majority of the plenary session.

The Folketing can cast a vote of no confidence against any single cabinet minister, thus forcing a resignation. If a vote of no confidence is cast against the Prime Minister this means the entire government is rejected. This vote of no confidence against the Prime Minister must get an approval of an absolute majority from the Landsting in order to be valid. A losing government has one week to call for a general election or else the procedure of nominating a new Prime Minister starts anew.

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