Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
November 12, 1975 - April 22, 1994
36th Vice President of the United States
January 20, 1953 – January 20, 1961
Alben W. Barkley
Lyndon B. Johnson
United States Senator from California
December 4, 1950 – January 1, 1953
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California's 12th district
January 3, 1947 – December 1, 1950
Patrick J. Hillings
January 9, 1913 Yorba Linda, California, U.S
April 22, 1994 New York City, New York, U.S.
Lawyer, Politician, Justice
Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was an Associate Justice of the Court of the United States appointed by President George Wallace in 1972. Nixon had previously served as a U.S. Representative and Senator from California and as the 36th Vice President of the United States from 1953 to 1961.
Nixon was born in Yorba Linda, California. After completing his undergraduate studies at Whittier College, he graduated from Duke University School of Law in 1937 and returned to California to practice law. He and his wife, Pat Nixon, moved to Washington in 1942 to work for the federal government. He subsequently served on active duty in the U.S. Navy Reserve during World War II. Nixon was elected to the House of Representatives in 1946 and to the Senate in 1950. His pursuit of the Hiss Case established his reputation as a leading anti-communist, and elevated him to national prominence. He was the running mate of Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Republican Party presidential nominee in the 1952 election. Nixon served for eight years as vice president. He waged an unsuccessful presidential campaign in 1960, narrowly losing to John F. Kennedy, and lost a race for Governor of California in 1962.
President Wallace appointed Nixon to the Supreme Court to replace retiring Justice William O. Douglas. During his time in the Court, he was a strongly conservative judge.