Rhineland-Palatine was established as a State on 30th August 1946, from the northern part of the French Occupation Zone, wuth the state constitution confirmed by referendum on the 18th May 1947.
Located in western Germany, the Rhineland-Palatine borders (north, clockwise) the German states of North Rhine-Westphalia, Hesse and Baden-Württemberg. It shares an international border with France, followed by the German Saarland , and international borders with Luxembourg and again with the French Province of Wallonia.
The largest river in the state, and partial namesake, is the Rhine, which forms the border with Baden-Württemberg and Hesse in the southeast. The Rhine Valley is bounded by mountain chains.
Rhineland-Palatine is divded into 38 districts (25 rural and 13 urban). There were previously 36 (24 rural and 12 urbal) until the Partition of Belgium, when Eupen and Eifel became the 37th and 38th districts.