Alternate History

Revolutions of 1989 (Central World)

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Autumn of Nations 1989

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Revolutions of 1989

Autumn of Nations 1989

Top left: Round Table in Warsaw. Top right: Fall of the Moscow Wall. Middle left: Romanian Revolution. Middle right: Velvet Revolution in Prague. Bottom: Baltic Way in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.

Other names Fall of Fascism, Collapse of Fascism, Autumn of Nations

Peoples of Europe

Location Europe
Date 1989-1993
  • Peaceful transfer of power to non-Fascist governments in , France, Norway, Austria-Hungary,Bulgaria, Netherlands, Denmark, Belarus, Ukraine, Baltic states, and Greece
  • Russian reunification
  • Peaceful transfer of non Japanese government in West Russia
  • Violent transfer of power to a non-Fascist government in Romania and Italy
  • Breakup of the Italian Empire and Austria-Hungary
  • Dissolution of the Warsaw Pact
  • Collapse of the German Empire
  • End of Apartheid in South Africa
  • End of All European Colonial Empires in Africa and Oceania
  • New Countries
  • Unification of many countries in Africa

The Revolutions of 1989 (also known as the Fall of Fascism, the Collapse of Fascism, the Revolutions of Europe and the Autumn of Nations) are the revolutions which overthrew Nazi-style fascist states in European countries.

Revolutions of 1989 Map

Main countries affected in the Revolutions of 1989

The events began in Poland, and continued in Austria-Hungary, East Russia, Bulgaria, Norway, Netherlands, Greece, Belarus, Ukraine, the Baltic states, Denmark, Italy and Romania. Romania and Italy were the only countries to overthrow their fascist regimes violently.

Greater Italy was dissolved by the end of 1989, resulting in Italy, Albania and 11 new African nations that declared their independence from Italy: Egypt, Libya, North Sudan, Darfur, South Sudan, Somalia, Somaliland, Puntland, Tunisia, Eritrea, and Djibouti. The collapse of fascism led commentators to declare the end of Cold War. It was also the collapse of Austria-Hungary and the German Reich.

Revolutions by nation


















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