|Revolutions of 1989|
Top left: Round Table in Warsaw. Top right: Fall of the Moscow Wall. Middle left: Romanian Revolution. Middle right: Velvet Revolution in Prague. Bottom: Baltic Way in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
|Other names||Fall of Fascism, Collapse of Fascism, Autumn of Nations|
Peoples of Europe
The Revolutions of 1989 (also known as the Fall of Fascism, the Collapse of Fascism, the Revolutions of Europe and the Autumn of Nations) are the revolutions which overthrew Nazi-style fascist states in European countries.
The events began in Poland, and continued in Austria-Hungary, East Russia, Bulgaria, Norway, Netherlands, Greece, Belarus, Ukraine, the Baltic states, Denmark, Italy and Romania. Romania and Italy were the only countries to overthrow their fascist regimes violently.
Greater Italy was dissolved by the end of 1989, resulting in Italy, Albania and 11 new African nations that declared their independence from Italy: Egypt, Libya, North Sudan, Darfur, South Sudan, Somalia, Somaliland, Puntland, Tunisia, Eritrea, and Djibouti. The collapse of fascism led commentators to declare the end of Cold War. It was also the collapse of Austria-Hungary and the German Reich.