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Republican Party presidential primaries, 2016 (Rubio '16)

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2012 Flag of the United States (Pantone) 2020
Republican Party presidential primaries, 2016
February 1 – June 7, 2016
MarcoRubioColorEnhanced112thCongress Ted Cruz, official portrait, 113th Congress
Nominee Marco Rubio Ted Cruz
Home state Florida Texas
States carried 301 22
Governor John Kasich Donald Trump August 19, 2015 (cropped)
Nominee John Kasich Donald Trump
Home state Ohio New York
States carried 1 1
Republican Party presidential primaries results, 2016 (Rubio '16)

The 2016 Republican Party presidential primaries and caucuses were a series of electoral contests taking place within all 50 U.S. states, the District of Columbia, and five U.S. territories, occurring between February 1 and June 7. Sanctioned by the Republican Party, these elections are designed to select the 2,472 delegates to send to the Republican National Convention, who selected the Republican Party's nominee for President of the United States in the 2016 election, Marco Rubio. The delegates also approved the party platform and vice-presidential nominee.

A total of 17 major candidates entered the race starting March 23, 2015, when Senator Ted Cruz of Texas was the first to formally announce his candidacy: he was followed by former Governor Jeb Bush of Florida, retired neurosurgeon Ben Carson of Maryland, Governor Chris Christie of New Jersey, businesswoman Carly Fiorina of California, former Governor Jim Gilmore of Virginia, Senator Lindsey Graham of South Carolina, former Governor Mike Huckabee of Arkansas, outgoing Governor Bobby Jindal of Louisiana, Governor John Kasich of Ohio, former Governor George Pataki of New York, Senator Rand Paul of Kentucky, former Governor Rick Perry of Texas, Senator Marco Rubio of Florida, former Senator Rick Santorum of Pennsylvania, businessman Donald Trump of New York and Governor Scott Walker of Wisconsin. This was the largest presidential primary field for any political party in American history.

Prior to the Iowa caucuses on February 1, Perry, Walker, Jindal, Graham, and Pataki withdrew due to low polling numbers. Despite leading many polls in Iowa, Trump came in second to Cruz; Huckabee, Christie, Paul, and Santorum performed poorly at the ballot box and bowed out. Following Trump's decisive victory in New Hampshire, Fiorina and Gilmore abandoned the race; however in the coming weeks, Trump's popularity crashed after tapes were released of him speaking about women in a lewd and vile manner. Bush capitulated after losing to Rubio in South Carolina and coming in third behind Kasich and Cruz. On Super Tuesday, March 1, 2016, Rubio won Minnesota, Virginia, Massachusetts, Vermont, and Georgia, while Cruz won Alaska, Oklahoma, Alabama, Tennessee, Arkansas, and his home state of Texas. Shortly after, Carson and Trump dropped out of the race. Between March 5 and March 12, Cruz won Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Idaho, and Mississippi, and Rubio won Illinois, Puerto Rico, Washington D.C., and Hawaii. On March 15, nicknamed "Super Tuesday II", Kasich won his home state of Ohio, Cruz won Missouri and North Carolina, and Rubio won Michigan and his home state of Florida.

From March 15 to the end of the primary season, Rubio, Cruz, and Kasich were the only three candidates in the race. Cruz held his lead with most of the delegates with Rubio in close second. Between March 22 and April 19, Cruz won Utah, Wisconsin, and Wyoming while Rubio scored victories in Colorado and North Dakota as well as a decisive victory in New York. During the "Acela primary", Rubio won every contest. Following Rubio's slew of victories and Cruz's failure in the northeast, Rubio's favorability skyrocketed, however Cruz still held more delegates than Rubio and Kasich. On May 3, Senator Rubio won Indiana by a razor-thin margin despite Governor Mike Pence endorsing Ted Cruz. Between May 10 and May 24, Cruz won Nebraska and West Virginia while Rubio won Oregon and Washington. Shortly after, Governor Kasich suspended his campaign and endorsed Senator Rubio for the nomination.

On June 7, Senator Rubio surpassed Cruz's delegate count after winning California and New Jersey while Cruz won Montana, New Mexico, and South Dakota. Rubio attained 1,099 delegates while Cruz had 1,009. Neither Cruz nor Rubio had the required 1,237 delegate majority to clinch the nomination and the nominee would be decided at the 2016 Republican National Convention.


1 Includes territories won

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