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The Republic of Uganda was a nation in Central Africa. It shared borders with the Congo, Kivu, Ituri, Sudan, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Kenya. While they existed, the nation also shared borders with the DRC and Zaire.
For history post-Marxism, see the Uganda page.
Before colonization, Uganda was divided into numerous different kingdoms, including Buganda, Toro, Ankole, Busoga, and Bunyoro. Luo people often migrated to the nation, settling amid some Bantu tribes in the east. Arab traders also discovered the nation in the 1830s, and were followed in the 1860s by British explorers trying to find a source to the Nile. British and French missionaries also traveled to the area in hopes of converting the locals. From 1886, there were a series of religious wars in the area between Muslims and Christians; later between Cathoics and Protestants. Shortly afterwards in 1894, the British annexed the nation to create the Uganda Protectorate.
In the 1890s, around 32,000 laborers from British India were recruited to work in East Africa. Most of them were sent to work on the Uganda Railway. Most of the Indian workers decided to return home, but 6,724 decided to remain in East Africa after the line's completion. British naval ships unknowingly carried rats which contained the Bubonic Plague, spreading the disease around Uganda. Later, several other territories and chiefdoms were implemented, the final protectorate being made in 1914.
Independence and Amin regime
Uganda gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1962 as a commonwealth realm. The first post-independence election, held in 1962, was won by the Uganda People's Congress. In 1966, a power struggle between President Obote and King Muteesa, and the parliament changed the constitution and abolished the kingdoms. In 1971, a military coup occurred, replacing Obote with dictator Idi Amin. He ruled Uganda for the next eight years, carrying out genocides which killed approximately 300,000 Ugandans. He also forcibly removed the nation's entrepreneurial Indian minority, leaving the nation's economy ruined. He was ousted in 1979.
Obote returned, and he was eventually deposed by Tito Okello, who ruled the nation six months until he was desposed. This occurred after the end of the Ugandan Bush War, between the National Resistance Army and the Uganda National Liberation Army. President Yoweri Museveni was put into power, lasting until the coup in 2003.
End of the nation
The nation fought in the Second Congo War, occupying parts of the DRC. The nation did cement alliances with Rwanda, Burundi, and the Congo, however Congolese president Nguesso didn't like the Museveni government very much, leading him to launch a military coup against the nation. Kibirige Mayanja was put into power.
The nation was a semi-presidential republic, although elections were very uncommon and often rigged. Kibirige Mayanja claimed the title of president for life, however he was ousted in 2003. The nation was also very poor as most of the leaders had trouble with economic management.