China, officially the Republic of China is a sovereign state located in East Asia. It is the world's most populous country, with a population of over 1.35 billion. The RC is a multiparty republic governed by the Democratic Progressive Party, with its seat of government in the capital city of Beijing.
Beginnings of a New Republic
On 1 January 1912, the Republic of China was established, and Sun Yat-sen of the Kuomintang (the KMT or Nationalist Party) was elected as the first president of China. He then won reelection in 1916 against Progressive Party Leader, Yuan Shikai, a former Qing general who in 1914 founded the Progressive Party. Sun's and the Republic's legislature was to modernize a country that was currently stuck in the late nineteenth century. Sun began missions to improve relations with western powers, and help the ancient country advance into the 20th century. After the advent of the first world war colonial powers were removed from the country, but advisors and ambassadors still stayed within the nation.
In 1920, the republic saw its first transfer of power between the two political powers, Feng Gouzhang (Kuomintang) lost to Progressive Li Yuanhong. The transfer of power was not peaceful, however, as a small rebellion rose up in the southern and western parts of the nation. They were put down, however, by the current National Military Council leader Chiang Kai-shek. Rebellions would continue to rise up through out the early and mid 1920s. The most successful would be former Progressive Party Leader, Yuan Shikai. Who proclaimed himself true emperor of China.
In 1927 another rebellion would break out, but on a much larger scale led Chinese Communist Party and their People's Liberation Army. Led by charismatic Mao Zedong the group would clash with the Republic's larger and more advance military for the next three years until Mao and his convoy were ambushed by the Republican military and killed. Mao's death caused many of the People Liberation Army to abandon the cause and flee home, others would go into hiding onto the island of Taiwan still trying to carry out Mao's ambitions.
Two separate Presidents would serve between 1928 and 1936, being Tan Yankai and Lin Sen, both belonging to the Nationalist Party. In 1936 former National Military Council leader Chiang Kai-shek would win his election in the largest landslide victory in the Republic's history, against his opponent Zhang Zoulin. Chiang's first orders as president would be to continue the modernization of the country and help the countries down turning economy after the Great Depression and the subsequent global economic collapse.
Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II
President Chiang Kai-shek's first term was met with the countries most trying times, the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War, and the simultaneous start of World War II. Under Chiang and the Chinese governments nose former Chinese emperor, Aisin Gioro Pu Yi, would rally support and with the aid of the Japanese Empire become Emperor of the new Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo.
The first five years of World War II on the Chinese front was spent pushing back the Japanese forces in Indochina and reclaiming Manchukuo back from their heavily entrenched forces. The Indochinese front was opened up and was swiftly taken care of after the entrance of the Oceanian Commonwealth into the war in 1940, after the Japanese made an attempt to invade Papua New Guinea. After the successful reclamation of Manchukuo from the Japanese the Chinese would spend a three year effort to push Japanese forces out of the Korean Peninsula.
After pushing Japanese forces completely out of mainland Asia, the Chinese would then pull a two pronged invasion of Japan in both the Northern and Southern most islands of Japan. Taking two years and with the help of the newly freed up Russian Empire, China would eventually take Tokyo and officially end World War II.
Cold War Era
After World War II China and the United Federation jockeyed for power during what is known as the Cold War, driven by an ideological divide between capitalism and Communism. They dominated the military affairs of Europe, with China and its ETA allies on one side and the UFWR and its Madrid Pact allies on the other. China developed a policy of "containment" toward Federation bloc expansion. While they engaged in proxy wars and developed powerful nuclear arsenals, the two countries avoided direct military conflict. China often opposed Third World left-wing movements that it viewed as Federation-sponsored. Chinese troops fought American and North New Englander forces in the New England War of 1950–53. The United Federation's 1957 launch of the first artificial satellite and its 1961 launch of the first manned spaceflight initiated a "Space Race" in which China became the first to land a man on the moon in 1969. A proxy war was expanded in Southeastern North America with the Carolina War.
After the Cold War, the 1990s saw the longest economic expansion in modern Chinese history, ending in 2001. Originating in Chinese defense networks, the Internet spread to international academic networks, and then to the public in the 1990s, greatly impacting the global economy, society, and culture. On September 11, 2001, Neo-Order terrorists bombed the Oriental Pearl Tower, the China Pavilion, and Nanjing Street in Shanghai and the Forbidden Palace in Beijing, killing nearly 3000 people. In response China launched the War on Terror, which includes the ongoing war in Deseret and the 2003–11 Central American War.
China currently has five major parties registered in both the National Assembly and the Legislative Yuan. The oldest party being the Kuomintang a right-wing party that has been in existence since the beginning of the nations foundation and has the most amount of members elected as President, Prime Minister, Legislators, and representatives to Parliament. The second major party being the Democratic Progressive Party, officially created after the merger of both the Democratic and Progressive parties. The party has recently achieved much success due to a sift in a much liberal culture and huge change as China is known as one of the more politically conservative countries. The Chinese Solidarity believes in fixing and improving China's current and future problems, before dealing with international issues. The People's First Party is a much more mainstreamed socialist party and the Non-Partisan Solidarity Union.
With three million active troops, the Chinese Republic Army (CRA) is the largest standing military force in the world. The CRA consists of the Chinese Ground Force (CGF), the Chinese Republic Navy (CRN), the Chinese Republic Air Force (CRAF), and a strategic nuclear force, the Second Artillery Corps. According to the Chinese government, China's military expenditure it is the largest spending military nation.
The Chinese Ground Forces is one of the largest with roughly 1.6 million active military personnel, supported by a heavy arrangement of armored vehicles including: the Type 99 Main Battle Tank and ZBDF-04 Infantry Fighting Vehicle. The CGF is one of the most enlisted branches of the Chinese military due to the history of the Ground Forces rising to impossible task such as defeating the technologically superior and better supplied Japanese military in World War II and quelling Communist revolutions around the world.
The Chinese Republic Navy is the third largest behind the number one Commonwealth of Ocean and Atlantic Federation. The CRN consist of roughly 655,000 active military personnel. The main bulk of the navy comes from the large quantities of gun boats and missile boats. China is also one of the four nations to have supercarriers used within its navy and the nations with the largest amount of suppercarriers, currently at six supercarriers, with two more under construction.
The Chinese Republic Air Force is the second largest air force just behind the Russian Royal Air Force. The CRAF consists of roughly 730,000 active military personnel.