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The state religion of the Egyptian Empire is Kemetism, as it has been since its inception by the first Pharaoh, Narmer. However, the Empire has had a long, relatively consistent history of religious tolerance, and diversity. Mulitple different religions flourished in Egypt, even while going extinct in other parts of the world.
A large majority of Egyptians identify as Kemetists, with the largest minority being either Christian or Muslim. There are scattered minorities of both foreign, and native religions throughout the empire. In the Israel, polls registered that 72% identify as religious, making it the most religious part of the empire.
Kemetism is the ancestral religion of Egypt, with its dating back to prehistoric times. However, it rose into prominence during the Old Kingdom, with the construction of new, large scale temples built in the name of the gods. During the Middle Kingdom, the temple complex of Karnak was constructed, which would steadily grow over time.
Due to its tolerance policies, Egypt became a popular place for those who were fleeing religious perseuction. This lead to a large amount of religious diversity, though many immigrants freely converted to Kemetism upon arrival.
Freedom of Religion
Religious freedom has always been an "unspoken" policy of the pharaohs, before being signed officially into law in the year 122 AD. The text of the law reads: "There is to be no restriction on religious beliefs of any kind within the realm of Pharaoh, or any land subject to his rule; no followers of any particular belief system are to be given preferential treatment."
After the conversion of Adheem to Islam, who abolished the title "Pharaoh" and replaced it with "Sultan", the policy of tolerance was discontinued, and an Islamic system was put into place. Under this system, peopel were given the option to either convert, pay a tax, leave, or be executed. These policies were short-lived, and shortly after Adheem's death, the tolerance policy was re-instituted while Kemetism was re-installed as the state religion.
Though the Pharaoh is considered the head of the religion, and thus generally expected to be Kemetist, there is no official relgious requirement. That said, there is no religious test or requirement to sit on the Council of Commoners.
Kemetism is the state religion of Egypt, and is used very widely in national symbols. The flag depicts an ankh and sun disc, and the coat of arms is the Eye of Horus. Obelisks and divine statues can be found scattered around Egyptian cities. Most praciticing Kemetists associate with a particular god as their patron. The patron diety can be widely varied, but the most common are generally Ra, Isis, Osiris, Horus, and Set.
The center of the Kemetic religion, is the temple city of Karnak, located in Thebes. Intially a single temple complex dedicated primarily to the god Amun, it has grown in size, and now has temples to every major deity.
Though it is only practiced by a small minority, it remains a large symbol of foreign culture. After the Megáli̱ Apódrasi̱, in which a large amount of ethnic Greeks migrated to Egypt, most Greeks converted to Kemetism. However, some maintained their traditional Greek religion.
Judaism has a deep relation with the Egyptian nation. In the Book of Genesis, Joseph (a son of Jacob) is described as having become the Pharaoh's chief vizier, and having helped lead Egypt through a famine, and later brought his people to Egypt, where they stettled. The Book of Exodus details their eventual return to Israel. The historicity of both books has been called into question within Egypt, as there are no official records of large emigration, or immigration of foreigners.
The vast majority of Egyptian Jews live in Israel, with the largest amount outside living in Northern Egypt. There are regular pilgramages to the Temple of Solomon in Jerusalem.
Agnosticism, atheism, and humanism
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