Culture can largely be defined by religion. Therefore, understanding of any geopolitical situations relies on understanding of religion. This page aims to describe major religions of the Principia Moderni IV universe, as well as elaborating notable trends and changes that differ from OTL.
World Map of State Religions
- Roman Catholicism is yellow
- Bulgarian Rite Catholicism is light yellow
- Northern Rite Catholicism is dark yellow
- Eastern Orthodoxy is orange-brown
- Oriental Orthodoxy is brown
- Sunni Islam is green
- Shia Islam is light green
- Ibadi Islam is dark green
- Hinduism is neon blue
- Mongolian Buddhism is blue
- Buddhism is orange
- Confucianism is pink-purple
- Shintoism is red.
- Gunterism is dark blue
- Kuzirism is pale blue
- "Pagan" Religions are dark red
The main difference between ATL Roman Catholicism and OTL Roman Catholicism is that it has been altered by the Adelphinian Reforms to promote charitable endeavours, emphasise strict monastic discipline and eliminate corruption.
Sunni (or "traditional") Islam is founded on the revelations of the Prophet Muhammad from the 7th century AD. It holds the Qu'ran, or recitation of this revelation, above all other doctrines for faith. The Five Pillars of Islam, as outward signs of faith, are derived from the Hadith or "traditions" passed from the companions of Muhammad. The head of Sunni Islam is the Caliph, currently descended from the Banu Hashim through Muhammad's uncle, Abbass, and hence known as the Abbassid Caliphate . Islam holds many similarites to Christianity and Judaism, and for that reason both of these religions are tolerated under Islamic rule, with the additional Jizya tax.
Shia Islam (derrived from Shiat Ali, or "partisans of Ali") holds to most of the same values of Sunni Islam, but split off from it after the death of Muhammad. Shia Islam, mainly located in Iran and Iraq, maintains that Ali was the true successor of Muhammad, and as such the Caliphs of Sunni Islam are invalid. Until the 9th century, Shia Islam maintained their own head of the religion known as the Grand Imam, which ended with Muhammad Al-Mahdi in 880 AD. More recently, a local Ziyadi Sheikh from Yemen was elevated as Caliph of the Shia by the Gurkani Sultanate in 1443. The Ziyadi Caliphate continued until 1527, reaching a point of outnumbering Sunni Islam entirely. Since the Caliphate was deposed with the Treaty of Batman, however, Shia Islam has returned to a minority religion.
Ibadi Islam is the third branch of Islam that considers both the authority of Sunni and Shia to be invalid. Ibadis believe it is unnecessary to have one leader for the entire Muslim world, and are generally more tolerant of other faiths and beliefs than Sunnis and Shiites. Ibadi Islam was influenced mainly by Abd-Allah ibn Ibadh, whom the name of the denomination is derived from. This branch is only held by a majority in Oman, the Island of the Moon, and parts of Swahili.
Although Hinduism once ruled over the entire Indian Subcontinent and beyond, the rise of Gunturism and the conquests of the Delhi and Bahmani Sultanates have resulted in the conquest or vassalization of every non-Gunturist Hindu state. Nonetheless, every state in India has a majority Hindu population, and the Muslim states of the subcontinent have given them a wide range of concessions.
A Hindu state of the Delhi Raj has risen from the Delhi Sultanate and now seeks to establish a unified Hindu state. Shaivism is the most popular form. Hinduism is tolerant of all religions except Shia and Sunni Islam.
KuzirismKuzirism (Kụziiri, "taught" or "instructed") is a monotheistic religious ideology which encompasses a series philosophical, economical, and sociopolitical ideals as well as articulated by the Iwe ti Iwo, the religious text revered by its adherents as the word of God as transmitted by Oba Ewuare, the former ruler of the Benin Empire and founder of the religion. Because of the wide-reaching teachings of Kurizism, the religion is often considered to be more than a typical faith, but a way of life which touches upon all aspects of an adherent's livelihood. The faith teaches that god, known as Oghodua, created man with an inescapable desire to learn and expand his understanding of the universe and its inner-workings, a desire driven by the fact that Oghodua hid himself within the mechanics of the universe. Oghodua promised to reveal himself to his followers and humanity as a whole once they discovered all there was to know about the universe, and could definitively prove that Oghodua was their god, upon which all of humanity would be blessed in his presence and follow him into the afterlife.
Sects of Kuzirism
Since the decline of the Benin Empire, the religion of Kuzirsm became greatly decentralized. As the Kuzirist religion was more cetered on philosophy rather than doctrine or mythology, each ethnic community in Africa adopted unique interpretations of it. In West Africa, Kuzirism was merged with Muslim philosophy. In Buha and parts of southern Africa, a branch of Kuzirism worshiped the god Olorun known as Hermiticism.
Australian Aborigine Mythology