Reiner Frank
Reiner Frank prior to the uprising in Hamburg
Reiner Frank prior to the uprising in Hamburg
Chairman of the Commune of Hamburg
Preceded by Created
Chairman of the Labor League
Preceded by N/A
Personal details
Born Heinrich Otto Reiner Frank
March 14, 1849
Kiel, German Empire
Occupation Lawyer, Politician
Religion Atheist (formerly Lutheran)

Heinrich Otto Reiner Frank was a German communist revolutionary, politician, and political theorist. He served chairman of the Commune of Hamburg following the 1875 uprisings. Born to a middle-class family in Kiel, Frank gained an interest in revolutionary socialist politics seeing the miserable industrial conditions of his time. Expelled from the University of Berlin, he devoted the following years to a law degree. While in exile from 1865 to 1868, he bacame a disciple of Karl Marx. After his exile, he moved to Hamburg and helped founded the Labor League (German: Arbeitsliga), which later played a large role in the 1875 revolution, overthrowing the government of Leo von Caprivi.

Early Life

Reiner was born in March 14, 1849 to Hermann Armin Frank and Barbara Steiner. The former was a  foundry master and the latter doing cottage industries at home; Barbara was a well known cheesemaker in their locality. He acquired his basic education in the Kiel University. At one time he even dreamt of becoming an evangelist, so he tried to join a seminary at the age of fifteen, but was rejected. He then later acquired a job in a coal plant, where he saw a co-worker of his falling to his death in a furnace. This, plus his rejection by the seminary, led him to question his faith, then eventually repudiate it.

Road to Socialism

Becoming a revolutionary