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Regency Council of Wales (Welsh History Post Glyndwr)

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With the death of King Rhys a Regency Council was instituted to ensure the continuation of the Welsh Government in Exile

The first head of the Council was the aging Cardinal-Archbishop of St Davids
Regency Banner

Banner of the Regency Council

Below is a list of the Heads of the Council during its five year existence.

1750: Cardinal-Archbishop Tudur Gronwy

1750-1752: The Duke of Gwent, Caradog Powys-Fadog

1752-1755: The Duke of Dyfed, Meurig Tomos-Seislyg


Wales During the Regency Period

During the Regency, Wales continued to be ruled by the Duke of Manchester, Robert Montagu. Following the crushing of the Five Year Revolt, Montagu instituted sweeping changes to the government of Wales. Banned were all images of the previous reigns. The Golden Dragon standard, largely unused by the later kings of Wales was banned as were images such as the flag of Neith or the Four Lions. The Roman Church was placed firmly under foot, with all dying priests to be replaced by either Anglican priests or appointed English Roman Catholic priests. The Welsh language was also proscribed with all schools in Wales now forced by law to teach only through the medium of English. Such stringent Anglisation of Wales brought with it an underground resistance. The Golden Dragon started to be seen as a patriotic symbol, more so than the Four Lions due to Rhys' inability to invade. Also a new song began to circulate Wales; Mae hen wlad fy nhadau, a song dedicated to the protection of the mother tongue of Wales. Both the hymn and the Dragon Standard came to be seen as signs of men and families dedicated to the survival of Wales in the face of the ever present Anglo-Scotish onslaught.

Towards the end of the Regency period, the Duke of Manchester was replaced by Archibald Campbell, 3rd Duke of Argyll. The Duke took over in August 1754 and continued Montagu's persecution of both the Welsh language and the Welsh culture. Campbell made his Governor's seat that of Amwythig, occupying the town's castle. He was to be the Governor who would face Rhisiart when the later made his successful invasion in 1759.

Hail to the King

In 1755, after five years of haggling and infighting the council was finally ready to vote on a new King of Wales. All three Princes in exile put their names forward, with the Prince of Morgannwg instrumental in pressing for the Convocation of the Nobles. The result was a tight race, with all three Princes almost even in terms of support. Then the Prince of Powys pulled out of the race, leaving Gwynedd and Morgannwg as the choice. The late kings record and the abrasive personality of the newly created Prince of Gwynedd left the only choice to be the young Prince of Morgannwg.


Preceded by:
Regency Council
King of Wales
1750-1755
Succeeded by:
Rhisiart I

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