In the 16th century, a great upheaval in the largest political union ever occurred dramatically. In a lull between the wars with outside states, the European Kallipolic Confederation began to become more corrupt and drifting from the works of Plato and Aristotle. Therefore, elements began to emerge to correct the faults. Another group emerged to return democracy to the Guardians and Civilians, while ensuring philosopher-monarchs are able to control the ship of state again. Also listed in this article are any similar groups that emerged, but not officially affiliated to it.
The Reform Union
In 1518 the monk and scholar Martin Luther began to notice that the Confederation seemed to be moving away from the works of Plato. Spirit and desire were taking over, reason was increasingly ignored in favour of religious fanaticism and the Guardians and philarchons were abusing their power. Preaching reform and declaring "faith is the greatest enemy of reason", he showed his 97 Theses to the local people. Agreeing with him, areas around north-west Germany, the Netherlands and parts of France declare themselves to be "Protestants" as they are protesting against corruption. The Confederation, labeling European members "Catholics" to show they are all united together denounce such actions as illegal and un-utopian. As well as large parts of Germany, Prussia and Austria, Poland and some French areas also took up the ideas of Luther. Norsca (the Scandinavian counties) did not join the Union but
Confederates outside Europe didn't care about the religious nature of the conflict, they follow religions like Orthodox Christian, Zoroastrianism, paganism, Hinduism, Buddhism or, for many members of the scientific community a peaceful and non-assimilating religion called Islam. However they look upon the political consequences as serious, some fearing for Platonism, some using it as a chance to settle old scores. The Turks, led by philarchon Suleiman the Magnificent take several areas in Northern Africa to secure the safety of the Mediterranean, while sending peacekeepers into Eastern Europe.
When war broke out in 1618 when some Bohemian nobles were thrown out of a window, the Reform Union in conjunction with Britain was able score decisive victories and even attack Rome. However, France ended the war when despite being "Catholic" joined the "Protestant" side on the advice of a highly dubious government minister known as Richelieu. The effects were to make the Union dominant in Europe and the Confederation only possessing southern Europe as well as its members on other continents.
By the of the 17th century, the dispute is resolved, with nations agreeing to simply respect each others views. They're all independent states after all.
Norsca is not the name used by the natives but invented by the British Kallipolis simply because it was easier than "Norselands". Norsca broke off from the KC around the same time as Britain but like it did not join the Reform Union. It still maintained links with Poland and helped hold back the Chinese advance from Russia.
The British Kallipolis
Composed of the islands of Great Britain, Ireland, the Channel Islands, the Western Isles, the Hebrides, the Shetlands, the Orkney's, the Scilly's, the Isle of Man, the Isle of Wight, Anglesey and over 130 other inhabited islands. In Scotland, it is believed that an "island" is a landmass that can accommodate 1 sheep.
In 1535 the Reform Unions ideas spread over the English Channel to the south of England and the City of London. The philarchon at the time was Guardian Anne Boleyn, her surname coming from her serial code B013YN. At the time she was in a union with admiral Henry, who was English with Welsh descent. However he opposed the changes and began to conspire with many leading Guardians and Civilians, including Anne's own brother George. When discovered, he was taken to the Tower of London and beheaded (this means that in this timeline, Edward Tudor never existed). Anne wasn't completely in favour of Luther's ideas but implemented them anyway, leading her to be declared "unreasonable" by the Confederation, which led to Britain breaking off from the union of utopian city states it had been in since ancient times. However, it did not join the Reform Union either, though it is often listed as a member anyway by official records.After 1547, the next philarchon was Civilian Thomas Cranmer, who was assisted by Catherine Parr and Robert Kett. In 1558, with Britain now led by Civilian Jane Grey, the Confederation launched a fleet from Spain and Portugal known as the Armada. With some of the best technical innovations such as purpose built aircraft carriers and submarines, the Armada was sure of victory. But sadly for them, the fleet was well known before it was completed allowing Britain and the Reform Union to prepare its own ships, adapted specially to counter the Armada's trump cards. The Spanish fleet also set sail during a period of stormy weather. The result was a victory for the fleets of reform, as the Catholic ships were not as manoeuvrable as the ships of the Protestants, had less ammunition, some of its guns didn't fit the ammunition carried and its main weapons, the aircraft and submarines were destroyed by specialist anti aircraft and anti-submarine vessels, including a few submarines built or acquired by the British. The Armada, badly beaten reached land but was then attacked by exploding derelict vessels. Forced to leave it was then caught in a storm that left it, with crews not used to this climate, vulnerable to the Protestants. The prestige of Spain was badly hit, with some convinced that God was on the side of the reformists. Jane Grey was a disappointment for the rest of her reign, eventually dying in 1578. The legislatures of the Guardians and Civilians, known as Parliament, chose a surprising new leader. Another young Civilian woman, Mary Stuart of Scotland was chosen. She had connections both in Britain and overseas. Some speculate it was to appease the more warlike Guardians who would happily rampage throughout Europe and probably lead to more attempts to reconquer Britain. Mary was opposed to anyone coming over to Britain and trying to absorb it into any union, whether the Confederation, the Reform Union and should they try for some reason China.
The declaration of independence
To declare the split from the Kallipolic Confederation, a document was written up and distributed rapidly throughout the British Isle. Handwritten, printed, even sent electronically to those with the ability, the declaration goes as follows (Y or y may actually be th):
In Parliament, a declaration of independence from the Kallipolic Confederation
We the Citizens of the Kallipolis of Britain by act of law renounce our membership of yat union which claims to hold the teachings of ye divine philosophers Plato and Aristotle in the light of their Corruption and Abuses of Power. Therefore, the Kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland, the Principality of Wales, the Duchy of Cornwall, the Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and all other lands that swear loyalty to the philarchon of Britain, shalt sever all ties from ye olde degenerate union and form our own state. In our attempt to return to the original words of Republic, Timaeus, Politics and the other texts we will work with whoever is within our cause but we will join any organisation, union, federation or confederation until the Citizens and Parliament of the Kallipolis of Britain are satisfied that reformation has been successful.
We therefore with regret publish and declare yat these kingdoms and states are free and have severed all political ties and connections with the Kallipolic Confederation. And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on ye protection of divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honour.
We hope thou shalt not find this to much of a shock to read whoever you are (lawyers, mistake this for Law and thou shalt fear for thy Lives)
England: Anne Boleyn, Thomas Cranmer, Thomas Cromwell, Jane Grey, Robert Kett, Kat Ashley, Elisabeth Blount, Catherine Parr
Scotland: James Stuart, James Hamilton
Wales: Arthur Tudor, Mary Tudor
Ireland: Thomas Fitzgerald
Cornwall: Humphrey Arundell
Mann: Edward Stanley
Channel Islands: Thomas More
The Confederation slowly attempted to recover the islands by subterfuge after all attempts to retake them by force failed. Even an economic embargo didn't seem to be working. In 1605, an attempt was made to kill the leadership of Britain to allow the country to be retaken as it falls into disarray. Robert Catesby recruited around 13 people to find a way to kill the philarchon and Parliament. Once they had acquired hyper-gunpowder (nitro-glycerine), they sent Guy Fawkes to position the bombs and set them off at the right time. However, philarchon James had been tipped off and Fawkes was caught 12 hours before Parliament was to meet him. The conspiracy was cracked and all involved executed. As a response, British Guardians were sent to aid the Reform Union in its wars against the Confederation and Chinese. Battle hardened by constant attempts to retake their country, these troops proved deadly to their enemies.
However, Britain was forced to withdraw its task forces in 1642 when it had it's own troubles. Philarchon Charles had begun to abuse his power, which Parliament objected to. Claiming the need for the "navigator alone to decide where the ship of state goes", he tried to arrest 5 troublesome MPs. As conflict erupted, Guardian Strategos Elisabeth Bourchier (B0uchI3R) and her Civilian partner Oliver Cromwell created a New Model Army to finish off the royalists. Charles was arrested and executed, with the judges deciding that by 1 vote. Cromwell was made the new philarchon while Bourchier was sent to control unrest in Ireland. To the present day, "the curse of Bourchier be upon you" is a grevious insult.
The end of the Age of Division
Both the Reform Union and Britain rejoin the Confederation in 1700 when the aforementioned peace is made.