In 1917, a young corporal named Adolf Hitler was injured in a gas attack, and received a bullet to his stomach. Although the doctors were able to remove the bullet in time, the mustard gas had blistered him too much for a hope of survival. Adolf Hitler died on November 28. Additionally, the former Kaiser Wilhelm II decided to throw his rather large amount of influence toward the Communists because their social programs would help reduce the chance of total rebellion and anarchy which would destroy Germany. Banking on the former Kaiser's support, the Communist Party alliance gained a majority in the Reichstag and promptly took complete control of Germany.
Fighting in the Streets 1919-1924
On February 14, 1919 the Communist president, Karl Liebknecht, proclaimed the formation of the one-party Kommunistische Republik von Deutschland (KRD), or Communist Republic of Germany. This outraged many nationalist parties, which consequently staged a civil war and received financing from several big businesses. In response, the Communists declared martial law and won the support of many people by promising jobs and healthcare for free. The business interests were powerful, though, and despite changing national opinion the conservative parties managed to hold their own until 1922, mainly through the support of the army.
Much of the weakened German army supported the capitalists because it believed that Communism would lead to a disarmed Germany. German troops fired on German people, and in 1921 the army seemed close to a military coup. However, the Communist parties finally managed to persuade the army that they would do everything in their power to make Germany great again, linking nationalism with Communism, and ensured the army's neutrality. At that point, the capitalists were on very shaky ground, with no powerful military force and not much support of the people. To further aid the Communists, help came in the form of 25,000 Soviet troops, fresh from the civil war ending there. These troops quickly rooted out and destroyed the remaining nationalists. In July 1924, the last nationalist party headquarters was destroyed, and Germany was at relative peace.
In 1924, just before the end of the fighting, the KRD took advantage of the chaos to score a public relations victory with the German people by refusing to pay any more reparations. With German actions backed by the Soviet Union and the disarmament of France and Britain there was really nothing the Allies could do about it directly. Instead, the Allies responded with a partial embargo against Germany. Germany went into a brief economic slump, but soon recovered by trading more and more with the USSR and other, neutral, nations.
Rearmament and Isolation 1925-1934
Germany was already facing animosity from the allies because of World War I and turning Communist, but the reparation defaults were the last straw. Practically the only nation left which was willing to trade with the KRD was the USSR. With both countries lacking any other allies, the two countries practically became one entity. They signed several with major trade agreements, a full military alliance, and a pact of mutual defense during 1926-1928. This close alliance allowed both countries to assist one another in developing, industrializing, and rebuilding, while shutting out much of the rest of the world. It also protected them from the ups and downs of the capitalist market.
On May 17, 1929, the KRD gained one of its greatest boons when the American stock market collapsed. France, Britain, and Italy, which all traded heavily with the US, were devastated. However, the KRD's isolation from other major powers allowed it and the USSR to escape the Great Depression mostly unscathed. In fact, the KRD used the Great Depression to its advantage, by forcing the allies to make concessions in exchange for trade deals with them. During 1930-1932, the Allies allowed the KRD and USSR to gain control of Czechoslovakia and allowed Austria to be reunited with Germany. In exchange, KRD opened its markets to western Europe and gave small amounts of aid for the devastated countries.
The Communist countries also used the Great Depression as an opportunity to mount a propaganda campaign in Britain and France about the benefits of Communism, and few could argue with the KRD and USSR's continued prosperity even during a depression. However, the governments of both countries responded with harsh laws against Communism and a propaganda campaign of their own, so neither country fell to Communism. Only Spain was majorly affected by the propaganda. There were, however, a number of Communists in Britain and France that made willing spies and saboteurs and assisted in Communist conquest.
In 1933, the country of Spain entered a civil war, as Falangists and Communists fought in the streets and attempted to destroy one another. Britain, France, and the other major capitalist powers were freshly devastated by the Great Depression. The KRD and USSR, on the other hand, sent large amounts of aid to the Communists, who originally revolted at the urging of the KRD's propaganda campaign, and used Spain as a testing ground for new weapons. On July 8, 1934, a peace treaty was signed, reorganizing Spain as a Communist one-party dictatorship. Spain would later provide a willing ally during World War II.
On November 4, 1933, the USSR demanded that it be allowed to annex Romania. At this point, though, the allies had had enough of appeasement and were also beginning to come out of the Great Depression. The USSR's demands were turned down and war seemed imminent. There may well have been war at that time, except that KRD was virtually powerless, still with an army of only 400,000. Instead, a treaty mediated by Germany allowed self-determination for Romania, with neither side allowed to protest the decision made by the Romanian people. On April 18, 1934, Romania voted to become Communist and petitioned for entry into the USSR. The allies protested and, indeed, discovered evidence of fraud, but at that point their attention was distracted by a more pressing problem concerning Poland.
World War II 1935-1939
During the Romanian crisis of 1933, the KRD realized that it needed a greater program of rearmament if it was going to have the muscle to back up its declarations, and thus began a massive expansion of its army, reaching 2.4 million soldiers by July 1935. With a powerful army and the ability to use it, KRD pushed as hard as possible to get German rights to the city of Danzig, formerly part of Germany. The allies at this point were unwilling to allow any more concessions, and indeed did not need that much additional German support to rebuild from the Great Depression. With France and Britain holding firm and refusing to give in, KRD and USSR forces simultaneously invaded Poland on August 23, 1935.
The KRD made good use of Blitzkrieg, while the Soviet Union's numerous and determined forces also managed to conquer large areas of Poland. On September 15, the last remaining parts of Poland surrendered to Communist forces. Over the next few months, the Soviet Union conquered Finland while the KRD conquered Denmark and Norway to secure iron supplies for their government. On April 3, 1936, KRD forces, with assistance from the Spanish forces invading from the Southwest, invaded and conquered the Netherlands, Belgium, and France, completing their conquest in just 27 days. With their victory there, KRD went to war and wiped out the fascist government in Italy, while the USSR overwhelmed Turkish defenders and took control of the northern Middle East.
With continental Europe under Communist control, Britain was finding itself isolated, with the US too involved in internal economic struggles to assist. However, the US was wary of the Communists and attempted to aid Britain without actually declaring war on the KRD. At the same time, KRD recognized that Britain would provide an excellent base for American troops to arrive and plan an amphibious assault. KRD leased 1800 planes from the Soviet Union and, combined with the 5700-strong Luftwaffe, had overwhelming air superiority. The Royal Air Force heroically attempted to defend Britain, but with Radar not yet invented they could not hope to intercept German bombers with any regularity. As the airfields in Britain were destroyed, KRD mounted an amphibious assault on November 1, 1936.
Although attacking Communist forces took very heavy casualties, they nevertheless managed to take the beaches, and slowly expanded their beachheads until they controlled most of southern Britain. The British crown retreated to Canada on December 7, and America had no choice but to accept Germany hegemony over Europe. As Britain fell so to did Ireland. During this time the USSR was not idle. With Britain recalling every soldier possible from its vast network of colonies to futilely defend its homeland, the Middle East was all but undefended. Soviet troops attacked and conquered Persia, Iraq, Palestine, and the Arabian peninsula, gaining complete control by late March 1937.
With Europe and the Middle East completely under Communist control, it seemed that Communism had finally taken over the world. However, a resistance movement inspired and funded by America, revolted in Britain and France, causing great destabilization and many casualties for the new Communist empires. At the same time, the same residents of the Middle East that had periodically revolted against Britain and France continued to revolt against the USSR. At the same time, American forces landed in Egypt, bolstering the defense of that country. The Soviets fought bitterly over the Suez canal, but were unable to take it. As more and more American troops entered the war, the Americans also made an amphibious assault on Italy, and slowly advanced up the boot. Finally, in June 1938 the US had been halted and battles seesawed between Communists and allies.
This turmoil was combined with an attack from India which threatened to create a new empire for the British government-in-exile in the Middle East. Soon, the empires of the USSR and KRD were destabilized and faced a virtual civil war in the captured provinces. The KRD and USSR realized that their control over the new Communist empire was getting more and more shaky, while the US was taking severe casualties and making no progress, both sides of the war agreed to a peace treaty on April 19, 1939. The Communist powers allowed self-determination for Britain, guaranteed the neutrality of Sweden, and gave up the conquered Indian and Egyptian territory as long as the respective countries were free from British influence. In exchange, they received a declaration of the legitimacy of their conquests, areas in Italy under the control of the US were given back to the Communists, and the KRD and USSR received a promise from the allies not to interfere with or aid resistance organizations in the conquered countries.
Greater Communist Empire 1940-1979
The end of World War II left the KRD and the USSR as the world's premier superpowers, with nearly total domination over Europe and the Middle East. For the next 39 years until World War III, Communism and the KRD and USSR empires would remain dominant throughout the world as the greatest superpowers. Only the United States of America could hope to compete with these two powerhouses.
During the next 35 years the US and KRD-USSR bloc competed for influence throughout the third world. Although both the US and the Communist bloc did everything in their power to convince third-world nations to join them, they stopped short of actual war. The development of nuclear weapons in 1949 made war unthinkable, because a war in one country could easily expand into a world war which would lead to the destruction of the world. The Communist bloc was mainly successful in convincing Central and South American countries to join Communism, as they had already been oppressed by the US in the past. China and Korea also went Communist in 1949 and 1951 respectively. On the other side, the US was successful in convincing India and most of Africa, as well as the former countries of the British empire, to remain or become democratic. The US also convinced Thailand and Indonesia to become democratic, but lost Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos to Communism.
It wasn't until 1973 that the Communist bloc showed signs of weakening. In 1973 an internal revolution led by Nationalist forces managed to overthrow the increasingly unpopular government of China and established close ties with the west. Not long after, in 1975 the USSR cut oil shipments to the KRD in exchange for an imagined slight, and the KRD responded with a food embargo against the USSR. This crisis nearly destroyed both powerhouses, but it was defused at the last minute with an agreement to return oil and food trading to 1974 levels. Several crises after that showed that the long alliance between the KRD and USSR was finally beginning to break down.
Technological Achievements 1940-1979
After establishing Communist governments all across Europe and the Middle East and ensuring their loyalty, KRD and USSR leaders turned to bolstering their technological achievements. With the creation of the first jet aircraft in 1940, the first rockets in 1944, and the first nuclear bomb in 1949, KRD and the USSR were well on their way to overwhelming scientific superiority. However, the US was not that far behind, with its first jets in 1943, first rockets in 1946, and first nuclear bomb in 1953. In response, the Communists sought superiority in the space race. In 1957 the first satellite, launched from Siberia, reached orbit. In 1958 KRD got in the space race as well, with the first living thing in space: a horse named Raumpferd, meaning space horse. By 1961 the US managed to achieve a human in space, but by that time KRD had achieved 20 orbits of a human, and the USSR was planning to go to the Moon. However, in 1963 the US managed to achieve an unmanned orbit around the Moon. Galvanized by this action, the KRD and USSR worked together to build a space craft capable of landing on the Moon. Finally, they succeeded in 1967, claiming the moon for Communism.
Over the next 10 years a massive effort by the US barely managed to maintain technological parity with the Communist bloc. During this time both sides created large arsenals of nuclear weapons in order to keep the other side from launching an attack. Finally, a diplomatic crisis in 1974 nearly escalated into nuclear warfare. Both sides were deeply shocked that their actions had almost precipitated the destruction of the world, and soon after devised a Mutually Assured Destruction treaty (MAD) stating that all nations currently in possession of nuclear weapons must eliminate their stockpiles and not attempt to develop more or better nuclear weapons. Although this treaty was vaunted as a way to save the world from destruction, in reality it allowed both nations to plan for war without fear of annihilation.
At the time, both nations believed war would be in their best interest. The Communist bloc held an advantage in power and had a huge army that could conquer a large amount of territory without the threat of nuclear weapons. At the same time, the US believed that the Communist system could not withstand sustained warfare, and that the Communist bloc would break up without a strong military presence at home. The coming war would prove both sides wrong.
World War III 1979-1984
With the Communist bloc weakening, and the KRD and USSR at odds with each other, the US took an opportunity to demand self-determination for all Communist countries by March 25, 1979. Failure to do so would lead to war. Obviously, the Communist bloc refused to surrender without a fight, so the US declared war on April 1, 1979. The US declared war only on the USSR, not the KRD, so for a while the KRD remained out of the fighting. This tactic made use of the split between the two countries to divide and conquer.
At 6:00 am, April 2, 1979, a 2 million-man capitalist army crossed the border from China into the eastern USSR. The troops met light resistance at first, but were engaged with major fighting against the 300,000-strong Soviet army near Vladivostok. The capitalists managed to overwhelm the defenders and conquer an area of the USSR around Vladivostok within a week. By then, 2.5 million Communist troops were marching on the newly-taken territory. The capitalist troops had been reinforced, but they still fought a difficult battle to hold on to their territory. It took until May 17 before the capitalist army was able to advance once more.
At 6:00 am, April 8, 1979, two million capitalist troops crossed the border from India into Communist Pakistan. In Pakistan, however, the Communists were waiting for them in a series of forts on the Nara and Ravi rivers blunted the assault and inflicted heavy casualties on the attacking forces. However, the rush of troops to East Asia and Pakistan had left Palestine wide open to attack. On April 10, one million capitalist troops crossed the Suez canal and invaded the Palestinian coast. These troops encountered little resistance until early May, when 750,000 Soviet troops arrived to slow their assault. By the end of May, capitalist troops had advanced greatly and the USSR was in a very precarious position.
During the summer of 1979, capitalist troops continued to advance, fighting their way into the Middle East, and across Asia. The KRD still refused to assist its longtime ally unless thm,, jode USSR made territorial concessions, which they were not willing to do. By September 1, capitalist countries had conquered the Arabian Peninsula, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Mongolia, and Russian territory as far west as China. It was at this point that the reason for the KRD's refusal to help its ally was discovered. The US had offered the KRD parts of the eastern USSR and lucrative trade deals in exchange for its neutrality. The German people were shocked that their leaders would betray fellow Communists just for money (a very capitalist thing to do) and mounted a violent revolution. By October, it was clear that public opinion was very much against the KRD leadership, and they were subsequently replaced with truer Communists, and the KRD came to the USSR's aid.
With the addition of six million KRD troops to bolster its defenses, the USSR was suddenly on the offensive, retaking much of its lost territory by February 1980. However, the possibility of a Communist victory caused several countries, China in particular among them, to institute mandatory and universal conscription in an effort to gain enough troops. Communist troops continued to advance, retaking more territory and, for the first time since 1940, advancing beyond their prewar borders, but a massive flood of new recruits slowed their assault.
During the first five months of 1981, there was a stalemate between capitalist and Communist troops, with perhaps a small advantage for the Communists, but the war did not seem to be going anywhere. The widespread availability of machine guns and powerful but light anti-tank weapons caused a return to World War I-style trench warfare. It was in these five months that Britain was putting together an invasion force to assault the beaches of the KRD. If the invasion was a success, it would be a masterstroke by forcing the KRD to keep sizable troops at home to defend itself, thus weakening the Communist bloc.
At midnight of July 6, 1981, 300,000 British troops sailed across the water onto the shores of the KRD. The beaches they took were nearly deserted, and it wasn't until 4:30 am that KRD even realized it was under attack. Once they figured it out, millions of troops poured into the area, fighting hard against the British and pushing the troops back to a tiny beachhead. However, once there, the troops would not give up ground, no matter how many died, and they held out until thousands more troops arrived and they could expand their foothold on the European coast. Despite the return of most of the KRD army by the end of July, the beachhead continued to expand, and France was being slowly retaken.
While the KRD was having trouble with the invasion, the USSR had its own set of problems. Without KRD support its limited gains were disappearing, and the USSR had been invaded once again. In response, troops in eastern Russia simply disappeared, retreating hundreds of miles while evacuating the few citizens that remained there, and built powerful defenses while the capitalists attempted to cover the vast distance. In the Middle East, however, there was no vast expanse of territory to retreat into, and the US forces outnumbered and outmatched Soviet troops. The USSR was losing major territory there and had no way to turn the tide except to draw troops from other fronts, which would still weaken it severely. In late 1981, top leaders of the USSR even considered suing for peace, but were convinced by the KRD to hold out a little bit longer.
In spring 1982, the Allies organized a massive offensive that they hoped would end the war without much more fighting. A huge force of Chinese tanks and infantry swept toward Soviet positions in the Urals. Primarily American and Indian troops moved in a pincer formation to capture the rest of the Middle East. Finally, still more troops were put into France in the hopes of finally breaking out. All three of these offensives were set to take place on April 20, 1982. The Chinese offensive encountered no resistance, and indeed, very few people at all. The American and Indian attacks, on the other hand, were resisted very heavily with almost the entire Soviet army defending the Middle East, as few troops were needed in the Urals until the Chinese offensive managed to reach them. The British offensive was likewise a failure, as the full might of the KRD army pressed down upon them.
Heavy fighting continued throughout Eurasia, but by fall 1982 it was clear that the capitalists would be hard-pressed to make any more substantial gains without more troops or a new weapon. In the winter of 1982-1983, a USSR counterattack surrounded and destroyed part of the advancing Chinese army, and the remaining troops were forced to retreat in the winter cold, but the loss of troops from the Middle East enabled America to take over Iraq. At the same time, the British forces in France were nearly surrounded and on their last legs. Now it was the capitalists who were considering a peace treaty.
By spring 1983 the Communists were gaining territory in every front except the Middle Eastern front, yet they had drafted a preliminary peace treaty. They did this because they realized that China, with its limitless supply of recruits, and America, with its technology and protected position, would eventually destroy the Communist bloc. The peace treaty would require a Communist withdrawal from France, Spain, Belgium, and the Middle East with self-deliberation for all countries. In exchange, the Communists would get a declaration of their empire as legitimate, regain lost Russian territory, and regain the ability to trade with other nations currently among the capitalists.
America, with its conquest of the Middle East coming along well and without extremely heavy casualties was unwilling to sign the treaty, but many other capitalist powers were. The negotiations dragged on for several more months while America insisted on the dissolution of the Communist bloc, even going so far as to demand unconditional surrender. In response, the Communist delegates tried to convince the other delegates that America was attempting to establish its own empire in the Middle East and only cared about the other countries so long as they were willing to draw Soviet and KRD troops from America. A few delegates looked at what America was doing and considered that the US was indeed establishing puppet governments in conquered Middle Eastern countries and was not pushing nearly so hard for allied control of France and Spain, which would probably be under the control of Britain. Eventually, the Communist bloc offered freedom for Italy as well and the other capitalist nations gave the US an ultimatum: agree to sign the treaty or every other country will sign it, leaving the US to fight the Communist bloc alone. On February 6, 1984, the two sides signed a peace treaty, ending World War III.
Post-War Communism 1984-
Communism survived World War III surprisingly well. A large area of the world, including many powerful countries, retained Communism permanently. When it came to self-determination, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Spain, and Palestine retained Communism, while France, Belgium, and Italy got rid of it. China began to reintroduce selected Communist elements into its government, but retained a free market. Mexico and Chile threw off corrupt Communist governments. Although all Communist countries in the world were nominally allied, in reality only the KRD and USSR were true allies, and even they weren't nearly as bonded as before the war. By 2000 the differences between Communism and capitalism were truly only economic in nature. Both the USSR and the KRD allowed multiple parties and true elections in 1996 and 1991 respectively, and people there still voted to stay Communist.
In 1987, the League of Nations was reformed (having become essentially defunct by World War II) and ratified by both the US and the Communist bloc. This organization was devoted to peacekeeping throughout the world, and with nearly universal support major wars were avoided to the present day. The league of nations also gained the power to institute environmental policies and direct space exploration. With the power to change the entire world through one law, the League was able to bring pollution under control and mount long space missions by 1994.
In 1998, the first humans landed on Mars: one Russian cosmonaut, one German astronaut, one Chinese cosmonaut, and one American astronaut. In the next ten years, there were several more missions to Mars and even a small, temporary space station was established. The League of Nations made plans to establish a permanent colony for the purpose of terraforming Mars by 2020.