Reconstruction Era
-The First Vote
Reconstruction freed and enfranchised African Americans, giving them the right to vote for the first time in 1861.
Other names Reconstruction; Radical Reconstruction
Participants President Winfield Scott
President Horace Greeley
President Robert E. Lee
President Charles Sumner
President James Harlan
President Lyman Trumbull
President Lot M. Morril
President Thomas Osborn
President John Sherman
Reconstructed States
Location United States
Date February 2, 1860 to
January 1, 1892
Result Thirteenth Amendment
Fourteenth Amendment
Fifteenth Amendment

In the United States, the term Reconstruction refers to two historical senses;

  1. The complete history of the United States from the end of the American Civil War on February 2, 1860 to the end of the century on January 1, 1892, or;
  2. The transformation (or Reconstruction) of the American South, in the sense of its industry, the states, and society during those dates. 

In historical terms, Reconstruction was primarily aimed at the freeing and enfranchisement of African-American in the American South, and the "re-education" of Southerners who fought for the Confederated States through disenfranchisement, removal of property, prison sentences for generals and leaders, and military occupation of state governments.

However, following the rise to power of the far more "radical" American party, the goals of Reconstruction turned into a complete overhaul of the Southern US society, by "re-educating" civilians, especially students to a more "liberal" position. This ended on January 1, 1892, when President John Sherman called for an end to "divisions in the union" and recalled the majority of soldiers stationed there to return North.

Today, historians argue over the overarching result of Reconstruction; whilst it did achieve its goal of enfranchising the African-American civilians, as well as moderately "re-educating" Southerners to a more liberal way of thinking, extremism and violence against Northern soldiers and African-Americans erupted during this time, especially with the rise of the Ku Klux Klan and other extremist groups. 

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