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Queen Mary's War (An Orange Dynasty)

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Queen Mary's War
Part of the War of the Spanish Succession
QueenAnnesWarBefore
European occupation of North America, 1702
Date 1702 – 1707
Location North America
Result Treaty of Mainz
Treaty of Plymouth
Beginning of the Wabanaki War
Territorial
changes
France cedes control of Acadia, Newfoundlound and Saint Kitts to England; Spain cede Fort St. Augustine and northern Florida
Belligerents
Flag of England England Royal Standard of the Kingdom of France France

Bourbon Spain Flag Spanish Monarchy

  • Flag of Cross of Burgundy New Spain
  • Wabanaki Confederacy
  • Caughnawaga Mohawk
  • Choctaw
  • Timucua
  • Apalachee
  • Natchez
Iroquois Confederacy
Commanders and leaders
Flag of England Joseph Dudley
Flag of England James Moore
Flag of England Francis Nicholson
Flag of England Hovenden Walker
Flag of England Benjamin Church
Pavillon LouisXIV Daniel d'Auger de Subercase
Pavillon LouisXIV Philippe de Rigaud, Marquis de Vaudreuil
Pavillon LouisXIV Jean-Baptiste Hertel de Rouville
Flag of Cross of Burgundy Joseph de Zúñiga y Zérda
Flag of Cross of Burgundy Estevan de Berroa †
Father Sebastian Rale
Teganissorens
Casualties and losses
England: 500-1000
English Indians: moderate
Spain: 200-350
Spanish Indians: high
France: 40-80
French Indians: high
Iroquois natives: 400
Queen Mary's War (1702 - 1707) is the English term for the Nort American theatre of the War of the Spanish Succession fought between the colonial forces of England, and France and Spain, aided by their Indian allies. Fighting for control of the continent, Queen Mary's War was the second in a series of wars known as the French and Indian Wars (this war colloquially known as the Second French and Indian War) and was the first to involve native tribes allied with the European powers on a grand scale.

Despite a preliminary peace in Europe in 1705, fighting continued in the colonies until early 1707 until news of the Treaty of Mainz reached the Americas in which France ceded Newfoundland and Acadia to England, but maintained ambiguous language over the status of the Hudson Bay. Following the signing of the Treaty of Plymouth later in the year, almost all Indian forces allied against the English laid down their arms with the exception of the Sebastian Rale-led Wabanaki Confederacy who continued to fight in the Wabanaki War.

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