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Independence and Internal ExpansionWith independence, French culture and language returned to Quebec and flourished. Rivalry and hatred between the French and English would result in Quebec entering the War of 1812 on the side of America. Quebecois soldiers captured Labrador and Newfoundland, adding them as provinces to the new nation. However, Indian raids would devastate much of northern and western Ontario, while British ships on the Great Lakes bombarded Lower Canadian cities. However, like America, Quebecois citizens were happy with the results of the war, and the Era of Good Feelings began.
Quebec, following the American example, initiated the Quebec Plan in 1819, which strenghthened the economy and new roads, factories, schools, and colleges. Coal mines sprung up in northern Ontario and northern Michigan, while the farmlands of Ohio and Indiana provided crops for the new nation as well as providing for fur trade. Railroads connected the resource rich areas of northern Ontario and Quebec to the factories of lower Canada. The Parti Patriote dominated Canadian politics, with members such as Louis-Joseph Papineau and Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine becoming Prime Minister. Lafontaine would maintain friendship with the Americans, and in the 1850s commissioned a rail line that would connect Montreal with Washington. However, the partnership between the two men ended due to different opinions over the power of the Church and radicalism, resulting in Lafontaine's Parti Bleu (Conservative) and Papineau's Parti Rouge (Liberal).
Advances and Losses
When the southern states of America seceeded, Quebec, under the leadership of Parti Rouge, sent troops to aid the north in the conflict. However, this left them open to invasion, which Canada proceeded to do so in 1860. The Canadian soldiers cut the factories from their resources, grinding the nation to a halt. With Canadian soldiers threatening the major cities of upper Ontario, Quebec was forced to sue for peace. This damaged the Parti Rouge, resulting in Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau becoming Prime Minister in 1863. Chauveau rebuilt much of the war-torn land in western Ontario and attempt to bring peaceful relations between Canada and Quebec. However, the Frenchmen still desired revenge, and war would soon break out once more.
Quebec and Canada once again fought in the War of 1885, a resounding loss for Quebec. Canada possessed greater numbers and superior generalship, resulting in much of northwestern Ontario being taken by Canada. The Rouge party would never recover from these two losses, becoming obscure and eventually disbanded.