Quebec is nation located in the northeast of the North American continent which was formed out of the North American Treaty due to its large cultural differences to the rest of the Canadian country. The nation's official language is French since, according to the latest census, about 82% of the nation speaks French as their first language. The country is currently lead by Prime Minister, Jean Charest.
Politics of QuebecThe country, as the other Canadian countries, chose to relinquish the power of the British crown over the country. The new power of the nation would be held in the Parliament of Quebec and the Prime Minister of Quebec which would be elected through a first past the post system every five years, unless a no-confidence election was held.
The main political parties are Parti Quebecois, Quebec Liberal Party and Conservatures which all hold major representation around the three levels of office: Parliament, Local, and American Union.
The most successful party, was the Moderate Union (called Union) which held a plurality at the local level, members to the AU, and formed the first government, and the second government while being in minority. During January of 2013, the Union broke up and called for a new election and members went to three parties, the Conservative, Party of Quebec or a newly formed Quebec Liberal Party.
The Quebec Liberal Party was formed out of old Moderate Union members and with weak membership support was able to hold onto the four AU members and most local councilers after the failure of the party. The Quebec Liberal Party is mostly center/center-right on most economical issues, while being liberal on social and AU policies.
The Conservatives, are center-right, and have had success in Parliamentary elections but struggled at other levels. Parti Quebecois, center-left, while popular on issues have been hard to win support at the national level.
Better Futue for Quebec is a contisceptic party which has had some success at AU elections, but minimally otherwise. Labour, is formation of three different communist and socialist parties which has been an up and coming party in gaining support from labour unions.
|Party (in English)||Leader||Spectrum||Seats in Parliament (200 in total)||Seats in the AU||AU Party||Local Council Seats|
|Quebec Liberal Party||Michael Gauthier||Center||50||4||Union of Liberals and Democrats||860|
|Conservatives||Jean-Marc Fournier||Center-right||71||1||American People's Party||450|
|Party of Quebec||Andre Boisclair||Center-left, Social Democracy||72||8||Social Democrats and Progressives||367|
|Better Future for Quebec||Marc Gouran||Right, Contiscepticism||6||4||American Conservatives and Reformers||30|
|Labour||Jean Margo||Socialism, Labour Unionist||1||1||Group of Socialists and Leftists||13|
|Green Party||Claude Sabourin||Environmentalism, Progressivism||0||0||Green Activists||8|
2006 General Election
The 2006 general election was held on December 10th of that year were three major parties tried to form a majority in the national Parliament. The three major that ran candidates were the Parti Quebecois, Union Modérée and Conservatures. The former Canadian Deputy Prime Minister Jean Charest ran with the Moderate Union which ran successful campaigns in heavily urbanized areas which took away from some of the Parti Quebecois base. In the most important election to shape the nation the Moderate Union eventually won the election.
|Party||Seats (200 in total)|
|Party of Quebec||37|
|Better Future for Quebec||1|
The Moderate Union enacted the parts of North American Treaty, a loose constitution for flexibility, used parts of the former Medicare and turned it into the National Healthcare Service, and regulated and taxed aspects of the economy. The Moderate Union was criticized over its devolution is local council and adoption of the AU currency the Continental dollar, which became issues in the 2010 election.
2010 General Election
The 2010 General election led to the first ever minority government in the new nation's history. The election was called during the April of 2010, and was held two months later in June. Major issues were devolution, AU and Currency, Health Care and the Economy. Prime Minister Jean Charest was the apparent winner in both debates held, but as his government policies were considered some what unpopular his party was set to loose seats. The growing concern of Contiscepticism, a policy which advocate against AU power, let the more conservative, Better Future for Quebec, to gain seats. In the end the Moderate Union won 97 seats, just short of a majority, but didn't want to coalition with any other of the major parties.
During the breakup of the Moderate Union and formation of the Liberal Party, the Conservatives had 71 seats until the election a month later, the Party of Quebec for 72 and the new Liberal Party 50.
|Party||Seats (200 in Total)||Changes in seats|
|Moderate Union||97||- 9|
|Party of Quebec||40||+ 3|
|Better Future for Quebec||6||+ 5|
Since the Moderate Union victory the party has regulated more aspects of the economy, lowered corporate taxes, created a sales tax at 6.8%, devoluted the power to raise sales and income tax and passed a law to institute French as the national language.
2006 AU elections
In the first AU elections for Quebec the Party of Quebec (Parti Quebecois, a Social Democrats and Progressives party) was able to gain seats as they campaigned on Quebec cultural protection but cooperation and progressive values. Still the strong Moderate Union (Union of Liberals and Democrats) were able to capture a good amount of seats to maintain the "strong party image". The early contiscpetic Better Future for Quebec was able to capture two seats and become a loud voice for decreased power of the AU Parliament.
|Party of Quebec||Social Democrats and Progressive||8|
|Moderate Union||Union of Liberals and Democrats||5|
|Conservative Party||American People's Party||3|
|Better Future for Quebec||American Conservatives and Reformers||2|
2011 American Union elections
The third place, Party of Quebec, won the most seats at the AU elections and tried to continue there winning streak by showing off the great leadership of Barack Obama and the SDaP and won the same eight seats. The Better Future for Quebec was able to double their seat total to four seats on the promise of a more powerful and cultural Quebec. The minority government of the Moderate Union, was able to win four seats, a loss of one seat which went to the GoSaL, Labour. The APP, Conservative Party lost two of their seats in contrast to their minimal success at the last general elections.
|Party||AU Party||Seats||Seat changes|
|Party of Quebec||Social Democrats and Progressives||8||-|
Union of Liberals and Democrats
|Better Future for Quebec||American Conservatives and Reformers||4||+ 2|
American People's Party
|Labour||Group of Socialists and Leftists||1||+ 1|