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Alternate History

Quebec (New America)

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Quebec
Timeline: New America

OTL equivalent: Province of Quebec
Flag of Quebec Coat of arms of Québec
Flag of Quebec Seal of Quebec
NorthAmericanDemocracy
Quebec in light green

Motto
Je me souviens (French)
("I remember")

Anthem "Ode to Joy"
Capital Quebec City
Largest city Montreal
Language
  official
 
French
  others English
Demonym Quebecker, Québécois(e)
Government Republic, Democracy
  legislature Parliament of Quebec
Prime Minister Jean Charest
Population 8,080,109 
Established 2006
Independence from Canada
Currency Continental Dollar
Organizations American Union

Quebec is nation located in the northeast of the North American continent which was formed out of the North American Treaty due to its large cultural differences to the rest of the Canadian country. The nation's official language is French since, according to the latest census, about 82% of the nation speaks French as their first language. The country is currently lead by Prime Minister, Jean Charest.

Politics of Quebec

Quebecparliamentbuilding

Quebec Parliament Building

The country, as the other Canadian countries, chose to relinquish the power of the British crown over the country. The new power of the nation would be held in the Parliament of Quebec and the Prime Minister of Quebec which would be elected through a first past the post system every five years, unless a no-confidence election was held.

Political Parties

The main political parties are Parti Quebecois, Quebec Liberal Party and Conservatures which all hold major representation around the three levels of office: Parliament, Local, and American Union.

The most successful party, was the Moderate Union (called Union) which held a plurality at the local level, members to the AU, and formed the first government, and the second government while being in minority. During January of 2013, the Union broke up and called for a new election and members went to three parties, the Conservative, Party of Quebec or a newly formed Quebec Liberal Party. 

The Quebec Liberal Party was formed out of old Moderate Union members and with weak membership support was able to hold onto the four AU members and most local councilers after the failure of the party. The Quebec Liberal Party is mostly center/center-right on most economical issues, while being liberal on social and AU policies.

The Conservatives, are center-right, and have had success in Parliamentary elections but struggled at other levels. Parti Quebecois, center-left, while popular on issues have been hard to win support at the national level.

Better Futue for Quebec is a contisceptic party which has had some success at AU elections, but minimally otherwise. Labour, is formation of three different communist and socialist parties which has been an up and coming party in gaining support from labour unions.

Party (in English) Leader Spectrum Seats in Parliament (200 in total) Seats in the AU AU Party Local Council Seats
Quebec Liberal Party Michael Gauthier Center 50 4 Union of Liberals and Democrats 860
Conservatives Jean-Marc Fournier Center-right 71 1 American People's Party 450
Party of Quebec Andre Boisclair Center-left, Social Democracy 72 8 Social Democrats and Progressives 367
Better Future for Quebec Marc Gouran Right, Contiscepticism 6 4 American Conservatives and Reformers 30
Labour  Jean Margo Socialism, Labour Unionist 1 1 Group of Socialists and Leftists 13
Green Party Claude Sabourin Environmentalism, Progressivism 0 0 Green Activists 8

2006 General Election

The 2006 general election was held on December 10th of that year were three major parties tried to form a majority in the national Parliament. The three major that ran candidates were the Parti Quebecois, Union Modérée and Conservatures. The former Canadian Deputy Prime Minister Jean Charest ran with the Moderate Union which ran successful campaigns in heavily urbanized areas which took away from some of the Parti Quebecois base. In the most important election to shape the nation the Moderate Union eventually won the election.

Party Seats (200 in total)
Moderate Union 106
Conservatives 54
Party of Quebec 37
Labour 2
Better Future for Quebec 1

The Moderate Union enacted the parts of North American Treaty, a loose constitution for flexibility, used parts of the former Medicare and turned it into the National Healthcare Service, and regulated and taxed aspects of the economy. The Moderate Union was criticized over its devolution is local council and adoption of the AU currency the Continental dollar, which became issues in the 2010 election.

2010 General Election

The 2010 General election led to the first ever minority government in the new nation's history. The election was called during the April of 2010, and was held two months later in June. Major issues were devolution, AU and Currency, Health Care and the Economy. Prime Minister Jean Charest was the apparent winner in both debates held, but as his government policies were considered some what unpopular his party was set to loose seats. The growing concern of Contiscepticism, a policy which advocate against AU power, let the more conservative, Better Future for Quebec, to gain seats. In the end the Moderate Union won 97 seats, just short of a majority, but didn't want to coalition with any other of the major parties.

During the breakup of the Moderate Union and formation of the Liberal Party, the Conservatives had 71 seats until the election a month later, the Party of Quebec for 72 and the new Liberal Party 50.

Party Seats (200 in Total) Changes in seats
Moderate Union 97 - 9
Conservatives 56 + 2
Party of Quebec 40 + 3
Better Future for Quebec 6 + 5
Labour 1 - 1

Since the Moderate Union victory the party has regulated more aspects of the economy, lowered corporate taxes, created a sales tax at 6.8%, devoluted the power to raise sales and income tax and passed a law to institute French as the national language.

2006 AU elections

In the first AU elections for Quebec the Party of Quebec (Parti Quebecois, a Social Democrats and Progressives party) was able to gain seats as they campaigned on Quebec cultural protection but cooperation and progressive values. Still the strong Moderate Union (Union of Liberals and Democrats) were able to capture a good amount of seats to maintain the "strong party image". The early contiscpetic Better Future for Quebec was able to capture two seats and become a loud voice for decreased power of the AU Parliament.

Party AU Party seats
Party of Quebec Social Democrats and Progressive 8
Moderate Union Union of Liberals and Democrats 5
Conservative Party American People's Party 3
Better Future for Quebec American Conservatives and Reformers 2

2011 American Union elections

The third place, Party of Quebec, won the most seats at the AU elections and tried to continue there winning streak by showing off the great leadership of Barack Obama and the SDaP and won the same eight seats. The Better Future for Quebec was able to double their seat total to four seats on the promise of a more powerful and cultural Quebec. The minority government of the Moderate Union, was able to win four seats, a loss of one seat which went to the GoSaL, Labour. The APP, Conservative Party lost two of their seats in contrast to their minimal success at the last general elections.

Party AU Party Seats Seat changes
Party of Quebec Social Democrats and Progressives 8 -
Moderate Union

Union of Liberals and Democrats

4 - 1
Better Future for Quebec American Conservatives and Reformers 4 + 2
Conservative Party

American People's Party

1 - 2
Labour Group of Socialists and Leftists 1 + 1

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