Quebec is a North American country. It is the one of the two American countries to have French as the official language. Quebec is North America's fourth-largest country by area. It is bordered at north by Newfoundland and at south and east by Canada.
Quebec is North America's fourth most populous country,only before Newfoundland. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital. English-speaking communities and English-language institutions are concentrated in the west of the island of Montreal but are also significantly present in the Outaouais, Estrie, and Gaspé regions. The Nord-du-Québec region, occupying the northern half of the province, is sparsely populated and inhabited primarily by Aboriginal peoples.
The land that is now Quebec was inhabited for millennia by various groups of Aboriginal peoples. Beginning in the late 15th century, British and French expeditions explored, and later settled, along the Atlantic coast. France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763 after the Seven Years' War, most of what is today's Quebec included. Quebec declared independence from the Dominion of Canada in 1914, and was recognized in 1916, after the war had ended.
While the country's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace, information and communication technologies, biotechnology and the pharmaceutical industry also play leading roles.