Qing, is a Chinese state founded by Shunzhi Emperor in October 1644. It is bordered by Russia from the North, French Indochina in the South and British India in the West.
Qing was a Chinese Dynasty established in 1644. It had been most part powerful, with a giant income and giant army. However, these perks became a curse, as Kangxi emperor thus believed that China didn't need anything from foreign nations and began closing China up.
As a result of this, only the port of Guanzhou is open for foreign trade and Chinese merchants did not accept anything for barter except for silver. Also, foreigners were banned from trading or living in anywhere except the 13 factories of Canton. However, a large British demand for Chinese tea began drying up European silver supplies. Moreover, China began lacking in European technology and industrialization. To stop the large transfer of silver from Great Britain to China and the trade deficit, Great Britain began planting opium in India and selling it to China. Not only did it improved the trade deficit, it made the British India colony extremely valuable.
However, as a growing number of Chinese gets addicted to the drug and a large amount of silver flowing from China to Great Britain to buy opium, Daoguan Empire decided to act and the official Lin Zexu, governor of Canton, destroyed many crates of opium. In response, Great Britain sent the Indian colonial troops to invade China. The war ended as a massive defeat for the Chinese, as the backwards technology of the Chinese soldiers took its toll. As a result, in 1842, the Treaty of Nanjing is signed, ceding Hong Kong Island to Great Britain.
This caused the Taiping Empire rebellion, where Hong Xiu Quan revolted against the government, taking the city of Nanjing and fought against Qing for 14 years. These events led to the unequal treaties, where large amounts of land and money were given to foreign countries. Also, all rivers in China are now navigable for any and all foreign vessels, including warships. Moreover, the Amur-River regions has been ceded to Russia.
However, out of the unrest, a powerful China begins to awake, the Self-Strengthening Movement and the Tongzhi Restoration began introducing Western technologies to China.
The nation is in the middle of East Asia and has an area of 14.7 million sq km and is the third largest nation on Earth. It is bordered by Russia in the North, bordered by British in the West and bordered by French Indochina in the South. The Himalayas lay to the West of the Empire as the Hindu-Kush and Tianshan mountains rises in the North West.
Population: 360 million
- Male: 168 million
- Female: 192 million
- Han (91%): 325.78 million
- Zhuang (1%): 3.58 million
- Hui (0.8%): 2.864 million
- Manchu (0.77%): 2.7566 million
- Uyghur (0.75%): 2.685 million
- Miao (0.7%): 2.506 million
- Yi (0.65%): 2.327 million
- Tujia (0.62%): 2.2196 million
- Tibetan (0.47%): 1.6826 million