Flag of Egypt
The Ptolemaic Kingdom in 300 BC
|•||305–283 BC||Ptolemy I Soter (first)|
|•||32 - 60 AD||Ptolemy XVI|
|Historical Era||Era One, Era Two|
|•||Alexander's Empire||305 BC|
|•||Ptolemaic-Carthegian War||97-95 BC|
|•||Egyptian Civil War||53 AD|
|•||1 AD est.||4 Million|
Ptolemaic Egypt - also known as the Ptolemaic Kingdom or simply Egypt - was a Hellenistic state formed after the downfall of Alexander's Empire. Outside of its War with Carthage, it was a relatively unremarkable nation, and had little influence over the Mediterranean. However, this changed in 37 AD - the year Ptolemy XVI converted to Christianity and made Egypt the first christian state in the world. The Civil war that followed only affirmed this new religion, and following it, Egypt would remain at the center of Christianity for centuries.
After the Christianization of Egypt, it would begin to be a more notable nation. It assisted with the wars of Christian expansion, making large swaths of the near east and Libya christian, and setting up Egypt as a powerful political force. From there, Egypt spearheaded multiple invasions of Europe, each one attempting to Christianize the continent. While these invasions were never fully successful, they made Egypt a force to be reckoned with. Until its downfall in 476, Egypt would continue to be a major power in the Mediterranean, as well as Africa and the Near East.
War with Carthage
In 97 BC, Carthage decided to seize Alexandria from Egypt to satisfy its economic ambitions in the eastern Mediterranean. While the plan was to give Egypt no time to prepare by landing right on top of the city, storms blew them off course, and as a result the invaders ended up nearly thirty miles away from the city. This of course gave the Egyptians ample time to prepare, and after evacuating government officials from Alexandria, the Egyptian army was rallied to fight the invaders. For the first few months, the fighting and economic impact of the war looked like it would shake Egypt apart.However, after the fighting showed no signs of leaving the coastal area near Alexandria, the panic died down - most citizens were able to simply continue their daily lives.
The fighting, while not widespread, was relatively intense. because of the density of soldiers on both sides, causalities were high for both sides (In retrospect, many wonder why the causalities were not higher, given the circumstances). However, even as the Egyptian army slowly fell back, the impact of the wat could hardly be recognized until Alexandria itself was sacked - and even then, most citizens shrugged their soldiers and went back to work. Shortly after the fall of Alexandria, the capital was moved to Memphis, and a treaty was signed, giving the former to Carthage. In the eyes of most, the war looked over - Egypt had suffered a minor loss, and Carthage a moderate gain.
However, the long term effects of losing such an important port city could hardly have been foreseen by Egypt or its citizens. Within three years of the war ending, the Egyptian economy had tanked, and a drought came along to make matter worse. This lethal combination would lead to long term economic woes, and at times, complete anarchy to Egypt. While for much of the next 130 yeas, Egypt would be in okay shape, these periods of relative stability were always quickly broken by more civil unrest. While no other nation would be able to take advantage of this - indeed, Egypt would even see limited expansion - it was a terrible period for Egypt, and one that would not be fixed until the nation's Christianization.
Jesus and Christianization
Expansion of Christianity
Anatolian Unification War
Dynastic Struggle and Collapse