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Pskov (Principia Moderni III Map Game)

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Grand Principality and Republic of Pskov
Псковсоая Земля
Flag of Pskov (Pskov oblast).svg Pskov CoA PM3.svg
Motto: 
Чести своей не отдам никому(Russian)
I will surrender my honour to no one.
Pskov IN Baltic PMIII.png
Pskov Located in the Baltic Region.
Other Union of Königsberg Nations in Lighter Blue
Capital
(and Largest City)
Pskov
Official languages Russian
Old Pskov Dialect
Regional Languages Estonian, German, Livonian
Religion Russian Orthodox
Demonym Pskovian
Government Pskovo-Novgorodian Democracy
 -  Grand Prince Stepan Ilych Lavrov
 -  Posadnik Random Dude 1
Legislature Veche
History
 -  City of Pleskov founded 862 
 -  Annexed to Novgorod 1230 
 -  Battle of Rakvere February 18th, 1268 
 -  Treaty of Bolotovo 1348 
 -  Vassalization by Moscow 1399 
 -  Independence from Moscow 1402 
 -  Elevation to Grand Principality April 14th 1614 
Population
 -  1640 census 1,086,891 
GDP (nominal) 1640 estimate
 -  Total ~2,500,000,000 Int. 1990 Dollars (12)
 -  Per capita ~2300 Int. 1990 Dollars (6?)
Currency Zolotnik
Pskov Republic/Grand Principality of Pskov
Псковсоая Земля
Timeline: Principia Moderni III (Map Game)

OTL equivalent: Pskov Oblast, Russia
Flag of Pskov (Pskov oblast) Pskov CoA PM3
Flag of Pskov Pskovian State Coat of Arms
Pskov IN Baltic PMIII
Pskov Located in the Baltic Sea Region.
Other Union of Königsberg Nations in Lighter Blue

Motto
Чести своей не отдам никому (Russian)
("I will surrender my honour to no one.")

Capital Pskov
Largest city Pskov
Other cities Nizhnegorodsk-Na-Narve, Ostrov, Luki, Novoprussiysk
Language
  official
 
Old Pskov Dialect
Russian
  others Germanic and Uralic Languages

Old Church Slavonic

Religion
  main
 
Russian Orthodox
  others Catholic (small minority of merchants)
Ethnic Groups
  main
 
Russian
  others N/A
Demonym Pskovian
Government Mixed
  legislature Veche
(Velikiy) Knyaz ((Grand) Prince) Stepan Ilych Lavrov
  : Invited or Dismissed by Veche
Posadnik Barfalomey Grigorich Shuiskiy
Area
  main
 
26,856.5 km2
  water (%) 4.6
Population 1,086,891 (1640 census)
Established 862?
Independence from Novgorod
  declared February 18th, 1268
  recognized 1348
Annexation to Novgorod
  date 1230
Currency Zolotnik

The Pskov Republic, also known as the Principality of Pskov, was a small city-state on the east bank of the Pskov-Peipus lake system bordering Muscovy, Novgorod and Prussia. Before the reign of Dovmont, the territory of belonging to the city of Pskov and its posadnik were vassals of Novgorod. However, after his reign (1266-1299), the city gained its de facto independence. However, it took over 50 years for Novgorod to recognize it. The capital, and largest city, Pskov, is located at the southeast edge of the aforementioned lake system. Its territory was roughly equivalent to that of the Pskov Oblast in the OTL Russian Federation. The Pskov republic was one of the rare states in Europe that have a majority urban population (mostly due to the fact that it is a merchant city-state)

History

The beginnings of an independent state (before 1399)

For a more comprehensive history before 1400, please see Pskov and Pskov Republic on Wikipedia

The Republic of Pskov gained its de facto independence from Novgorod after the Battle of Rakvere, on the 18th of February, 1268, after which the Novgorodians ceased attempts to dethrone Knyaz Dovmont from the position of Knyaz (Prince) of Pskov. After this, Pskov was left essentially to its own devices by the Novgorodian powers that be, being de facto independent from Novgorod in all aspects with the exception of the ecclesiastical matters, where the Pskovians still bow down to the Archbishop of Novgorod and Pskov, the candidates for which are chosen by the Novgorod Veche. The Pskov territory, however, remained a de jure territory of Novgorod, albeit with considerable autonomy, and it was not until 1348, 80 years after the Battle of Rakvere and almost 50 years after the death of Dovmont, the first Independent Knyaz of Pskov, that Novgorod formally recognized the independent status of Pskov in theTreaty of Bolotovo.

The Short Muscovian rule and the Days that followed (1400-1420)

This independence has lasted to this day, with a short moment of Muscovian Dominance from 1399-1403 when the Muscovian prince seized power in Pskov, but this fortunately lasted only for a grand total of four years, when the Muscovian viceroy was ousted during the so-called Northern War. Pskov later participated in the Muscovian Crusade.

The Silent Years and the Golden Decade (1420-1442)

The Silent Years is the time I did not find time to edit properly and thus not a lot of things happened between 1420 and 1440, so yeah. Anyway, during the 1430s the zolotnik was founded, and was dubbed the "Golden Decade"

The Old Rabbit (1442-1472)

The Rabbits refer to the princes of the Zaytsev family, who ruled Pskov from this time period and when Pskov fought in the Karelian war. The Old Rabbit refers to Artem Zaytesev, the first Zaytsev to rule Pskov.

The Young Rabbit (1472-1501)

Same as above, refers to Vladimir Artemovich Zaytesev, the son of Artem Zaytesev, the previous Knyaz of Pskov. The Young Rabbit won back some glory by winning the Second Norse War, and helped take back Karelia from Scandinavia, negotiated a trade deal with said Scandinavia, and started to bail them out, while starting the "China Fund" in 1495 to try to raise funds to send a ship to try to find a way around the world to easier get to China.

Era of the Diplomat (1501-1524)

Ivan the Diplomat was instrumental to many things, especially the good relations between Pskov and Scandinavia after the War. IT was also under his rule that the first explorers sent by Pskov, amongst them Dimitri Boyasin, went to explore the Americas under the assumption that they might find a new route to China. This failed and contact was made with the natives multiple times, before permanent colonial efforts could be established late in the 16th and the early 17th century.

Peace in his Time (1524-1539)

During the reign of Ilya the Peaceful, Pskov was never involved in any conflict, and peace prospered economic growth, especially where Venice fell. Pskov competed even more harshly with the Dutch, and their bank system grew in Scandinavia first, and then beyond, reaching even Madrid during his reign.

Banished and Burned (1539-1547)

The reign of Rusan the Burned was short as they come, being responsible for an incredibly poor defence of the city that left it practically in ruins, and ended up being banished after he let the city be sacked and burned during the Russian invasion of Pskov, leaving no troops behind and having incredibly poor tactical and strategic decisions, he was shamed and banished form Pskov by the Veche, run out of town, as it were.

The Five-Walled Stone Phoenix (1547-1568)

After the Burning of Pskov, it was clear that the city needed to be rebuilt, you could not simply displace over 200,000 people! The people convened, and as they were rebuilding what was left of their homes, he vowed to rebuild the city in stone, greater than it ever was, the nation of Pskov would rise from the ashes like the phoenix of mythology, and that it would rise again, higher, and stronger. With economic aid from Scandinavia, and war reparations from Russia, Pskov managed to rebuild and slowly start to grow again, and send more expeditions to the new world. The city truly was born from flames during the reign of Genadiy the Phoenix, and this Pskov would be the one to shake the world in decades to come. Traders slowly came back to the city, and after only 20 years, the city began to grow once more, having totally recovered from the war, and being armed essentially to the teeth, it was Genadiy the Phoenix's reign that enabled Pskov to withstand what was going to come in the 1580s.

Miracle of the Defender (1568-1602)

Dimitri the Defender, or Dimitri Cherkhinskiy (After the battle of Cherhinka river), was the prince that pushed back the Russian invaders during the Pskov war, in which the joint alliance of Poland-Lithuania and Russia and Prussia were utterly humiliated by Dimitri Cherkhinskiy, one of the greatest generals to ever live on earth, and he pushed back the alliance in a terrible war of attrition and held them back until their home economies could not bear it. This happened due to the work of Genadiy the Phoenix, and the rebirth of the Pskov trade network, that allowed Pskov to purchase many things, and just narrowly avoided bankruptcy, Dimitri giving up his entire salary for three years just to keep the nation in the black. in any case, this happened due to the lack of Pskovian goods flowing and people noticed that their economies lacked something, notably Pskov, and due to this war, they tried to help out by embargoing the Polish and Russians. The actions during the siege of Pskov and Battle of Cherkhinka River were strategic victories, and resulted in the keeping of Pskov's independence. After the war, Knyaz Dimitri Borisovich Sokolov oversaw the economic reconstruction of the nation for at least ten years, and the follow-up on his trade posts and small sugarcane farms in the Imperial Islands, and helps create what would become the Pskov Imperial Company, and attended the Conference of Constantinople where the future of Pskov's Borealo-Hisperian Colonies would be decided.

The Brave New Era (1602-1636)

Not much happened ... yet ...

The Pskovian Veche declared war on the Duchy of Livonia in 1610, triggering the Lesser Northern War.

Warrior-Queen of Pskov (1636-1703)

Elena the Great did a few things like conquer Prussia and set up the Union of Konigsberg

Croatian Union(1703-1745)

Mostly Peaceful, marked Pskov's entry into the War of the Grand Coalition via volunteer battalions.

Another Rabbit (1745-1755)

Alexander's Rebellion happened, ended in 49, oh, and the noble uprisings happened, led to a civil war

The German Prince (1755-)

As a final concession to restore the union, Nikolai Zaytsev resigned his position, and endorsed Erik von Einzbern as the next candidate for Prince. he subsequently won with almost a two-third majority in that year's electoral council. However this did not go over well with the Prussian and Lithuanian delegations, who, despite the attempts to diplomatically settle their disputes, abruptly left and quiclly orchestrated a coup d'etat to restore the "old ways" of the nobility. This was brought on by the refusal of the Grand Senate and the Latvian, Estonian, and Belarussian delegations to accept the re-instatement of a feudal system and serfdom(they were booed in the assembly and called "slavers" and one member even proposed a bill barring trade with their families). They declared Prussia and Lithuania independent Kingdoms and Grand Duchies respectively, and declared the "Royal Baltic Alliance" in 1756. These new government were not recognized by the rest of the union nations who declared them illegal coups and demanded that the union laws be re-instated. The tension continued to build with many border skirmishes, until in 1758 the Union officials sent delegations with armed guards to ensure preparation for an all-union census. They were denied entrance by land, and when they attempted to go by sea, their ship was sunk by the Lithuanian and Prussian Navies, which began the Civil war in Full swing, as massive armies mobilized.The union did not want to appear weak in the wake of Polish independence and declarations of expansionism. The main phase of the civil war, coincidentaly, happened in conjunction with the Polish invasion of Prussia. The Civil war ended three years later in 1761, with the Treaty of Vilnus , which ceded Pomerania to the Polish, and restored republican governments to Lithuania and Prussia. 

Military

Pskov's military has three main branches, the permanent "Streltsy" forces, the Navy and temporary conscript and volunteer units that are made during wartime and usually disbanded a year or two later, due to contracts of soldiers ending.

Economy

The estimated size of the Pskovian economy in 1470, after the "Russian Exodus" from the Golden Horde is estimated at 1.8 million zolotniks, or ≈ 300,million 1990 International Dollars, and GDP per capita of seven zolotniks four rubles, or 1200 1990 International Dollars.

Education

University of Pskov

The Pskovians truly have the best educational scientific and learning institutions throughout Russia, and the center of Medicine in the region and science is the Pskovian Institute for Universal Studies, or, as called by the people, the University of Pskov. The university came about as the re-organization of the Pskovian College of Physicians, a longstanding proposal to expand educational institutions in Pskov for the betterment of Russia, and the exponentially growing popularity of "Natural Studies" or "Natural Philosophy" and "Alchemy", and the Academy of Natural Studies and Philosophy, a subdivision of the College of Physicians. Many faculties were created during the re-organization of these institutions, and many were created later.

Faculties

Pskovian College of Physicians and Anatomical Studies

The Pskovian College of Physicians or simply the Pskovian College or "the College" is the oldest institution that is part of the University is by far the College of Physicians, started when many Pskovians got intrigued by medicine from early expeditions to Arabia that brought back many books to do with medicine and science.

Pskovian Academy of Natural Studies and Philosophy

The Pskovian Academy of Natural Studies and Philosophy, or simply the Pskovian Academy or "the Academy" is the second oldest Institution, founded as a subdivision of the College of Physicians, subordinate to their rules and whatnot, but as Arabic Philosophy was printed more and more, and the more books led to the scientific Golden Age in Pskov, the amount of members of the Academy warranted a division, and this happened as they both came under the Rule of the Institute of Universal Studies.

Pskovian Seminary and School for Theological Studies

The Pskovian Seminary and School for Theological Studies, or colloquially, the Pskov Seminary, is part of the first batch of additional faculties added to the university.

Pskovian Institute for Mathematical Inquiry

The Pskovian Institute for Mathematical Inquiry is part of the first batch of additional faculties added to the University.

The Pskov Imperial Company

THe Pskov Imperial Company is a quasi-governmental corporation tasked with administering and growing Pskov's overseas territories, in, as it happens to be called, the Imperial Sea, the namesake of the Company ... in 1493 it was founded with the task of managing Pskov's overseas possessions, and that it did for the next bit of time.

PIC Possessions in Borealia

The PIC possesses a large archipelago of Islands in the Imperial Sea, notably the ones noted on the map. They are all governed as a single entity, and the capital is Novostrovsk, on OTL Great Iguana Island. There sits the High Namestnik of the Pskov Imperial Company's Isles. Each island, however, may elect a Lieutenant-Namestnik in a Veche-like gathering, who governs the island he was elected to. The Lieutenant-Namestniks may also, proportionally to population, appoint representatives to the High Namestnik's Council in Novostrovsk. However,  The Lieutenant-Namestnik of Igorskiy Ostrov (Eel Island)(OTL Antigua) has held a special status of also holding the post of "Vice-Namestnik", in honour of him being the head of the Livonian Colonies before the conquest, and is a High Namestnik in all but name, and the OTL Leeward Islands are governed de facto separately while de jure still being under the Namestnik of Novostrovsk's jurisdiction.

PIC Possessions in Africa

After The conquest of the State of Maputo, the PIC began to have a more permanent presence in Africa other than sparse trade posts (that mostly got run down by natives). The Conquered State was reformed into the PIC Possession of Zlatobrezhie, with a capital in the city of Sofala, one of the first major cities conquered by Pskov. After Conquest, Zlatobrezhie was divided into four Lieutenant-Namestnichestvos, the four being governed centrally by the High Namestnik in the capital District of Sofala. the four Lieutenant-Namestnichestvos from north to south are: 1. North Zlatobrezhie 2. North Zambezia 3. South Zambezia and 4. South Zlatobrezhie (Zambezia named after the Zambezi River). Russification and the introduction of the Russian Language are strong in these areas, as only people who know Russian are eligible for administration, making it quickly a language used by the former nobility. The mining of gold makes Zlatobrezhie much money.


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