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Prussia, also known as The Kingdom of Prussia (Das Königreich Preußen), is a constitutional monarchy that lies in the north-west corner of the continent of Europe. Often considered to be police force of the region, Prussia conquered some five other standing kingdoms during the War of Unification in Northern Germany and has a military consisting of over 1.5 million active soldiers, among its total population of 85 million. With a rating of 92 on the Global Corruption Perception Index, second only behind Denmark, Prussia is a very clean and liberally forward nation.
Its largest city is Berlin, although the capitol lies in Cologne, the governmental center. There recently have been pushes to move the capitol to Berlin, as part of the ongoing Prussian supremacy movement, which has also been urging military action against Austria and France to regain territories such as Wurtemburg and Baden.
Medieval to Early Renaissance Era
Founded by the order of the Teutonic Knights in the year 1237, Prussia was originally an empire created for the purpose of spreading Christianity and crushing paganism in the north during the earliest northern crusades. The kingdom's easternmost regions extended into into what are now Lithuania and the Baltic SSR. Settlers were invited by the order to migrate east and expand the kingdom. These earliest Prussians would define the ethnic makeup and culture of the region for centuries to come.
Over the course of almost 100 years, Prussia had expanded westward into the Polish G'dansk region, sparking conflict between the kingdom and Poland-Lithuania. By the early Renaissance, the Teutonic Knights had almost completely abandoned Prussia, leaving it to govern itself. As Prussian territory expanded into Berlin, the Brandenburg Dynasty took over, instating a Prussian confederation of territories, with land from Berlin to just past G'dansk. This Dynasty dictated Prussia until the middle of the 18th century, when the family was removed from crown.
Kingdom of Prussia
By the late 1780s, Prussia was officially declared a kingdom, with King Fredrich I (The First) at its head. The kingdom had a considerably large army, partaking briefly in the Great Northern War against Sweden, in which the two belligerent powers signed a treaty giving Prussia control over Swedish Pomerania.
Prussia established its relationship with Russia in this period, sharing a partition with the Czardom and Austria over borders in Poland and ultimately causing the dissolution of the Polish state. The two fought together for a short time during the Napoleonic Wars against France, and relations have been fair and forthright ever since.
Note: This Paragraph Contains a Point(s) of Divergence
As the 18th century came to a close, questions of a possible German unification were not uncommon. Kingdoms in the west, near the Rhine River, were especially eager to combine into a single German power. Prussia and the dependent Saxony, however, were highly opposed to the idea; Kaiser Ferdinand Vetter stating "A Prussia, or any other [kingdom], unified with its equals into one German state is not a kingdom at all. It is a suppression of that kingdom's individual being" Prussia, being one of the most influential and powerful kingdoms in its neighborhood, determined with great prejudice the outcome of this proposed unification.
A German Confederation, however, was formed, only occupying territory in central Germany, east of the Rhine. Prussia took offence to this, mobilizing some 23,000 troops into the Confederate north and occupying it immediately. German troops were told by Vetter to stand down, their capitol in danger of capture within just one week of war. The united army however, refused the Kaiser's ultimatum, being pushed back by Prussia all the way to Austrian Baden, where they were forced to surrender after the grueling Battle of Stuttgart. Prussia had made territorial gains far south of its previous limit.
This conflict became known as the War for Unification in Northern Germany, and is the second longest lasting war for Prussia to ever be involved in.
Prussia underwent several changes during the 50 years after "Unification". Countless skirmishes occurred between the kingdom and Bohemia, and a war with Austria was almost triggered during riots in Baden over the territory's population wanting Prussian citizenship. Any conflicts between the two were avoided, however, thanks to Austria and Prussia's good track records with one another. French Wurtemburg was the subject of many conferences in Cologne (Designated as the Prussian capitol in 1886), and was almost transferred to Prussia several times.
As calls for Prussia to cede territory increased, a deal was cut with Russia to create a nation for Prusso-Slavs. This nation would come to later be known as Poland.
The Great War
Prussia's actions during the Great War were minimal. The kingdom supplied a small number of arms and supplies to their Russian allies, and were urged by Austria to form an alliance. However, Prussia wished to remain neutral, despite their secretive assistance to Russia.
As Russia began to struggle to continue battling Austria near the end of the war, Prussia sent small army regiments into the nation to fight on the side of the Slavic empire.
It is speculated that if Prussia had fought officially on the side of either power during the Great War, the entire conflict would have been cut short by at least two years thanks to its superior army and technology.
Modern Era and the American War (1920-)
Around the year 1920, Prussians began to feel the need to modernize; not only in terms of technology, but society. Prussian women were given the right to vote during parliamentary elections, and about 50 years later, gay marriage was legalized, making Prussia one of the first nations to grant same-sex couples the right.
Prussia was invaded in 1942 by the Axis powers of Italy and Spain during the height of the American War. Only half of the county was successfully occupied, as Prussian military advancements such as the Adlerstreik Armored car and P1500 Landkreuzer Artillery were years ahead of their time, allowing the Allies to push back the front significantly in Central Europe.
Prussian scientists, in cooperation with American counterparts, developed the atomic bomb and the first nuclear power plants. Today Prussia uses 45% percent renewable energy, mostly for civilian usage (Solar leads with 78% of renewable energy usage).
Countless popular films, works of art and musical pieces have emerged from the kingdom, and two Olympic games have been held in Prussian cities. Prussia is also part of the European Association for the Protection of Sovereignty, or EAPS, a union of states dedicated to protecting smaller nations being oppressed by others (Such as the newest member of Kosovo. [Prussia's current borders in dark green, EAPS members in light green]).
Prussia is a very westernized nation in terms of culture, with a large Christian population and a wide variety of civil rights for its people. Historically, it has been shaped by countless ideas and movements, has a high level of gender equality, and acceptance for same-sex unions. The ongoing Prussian Supremacy Movement has been the subject of much medial attention over the past 10 to 15 years in Prussia. The movement focuses around taking back territory that Prussian nationalists state as being a rightfully owned part of Prussia, such as Czechoslovakia and French Wurtemburg. The movement is mocked by many political satirists and Prussian politicians for being so right wing and extreme.
A large portion of Prussian citizens are of Germanic origin (62%), with ancestors integrated from southern Prussia after the War of Unification, or from the surrounding Bohemia or Poland.
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