Portugal is divided in Provinces, Autonomous Provinces and Overseas Provinces.

There are 11 provinces in mainland Portugal. Each one has an executive body, Civil Governor and Provincial Board (junta de província) and a deliberative elected assembly, Provincial Council (conselho provincia). The Civil Governor, named by the President, designates the members of the Provincial Board.

The provinces are Minho, Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Douro Litoral, Beira Litoral, Beira Alta, Beira Baixa, Ribatejo, Estremadura, Alto Alentejo, Baixo Alentejo and Algarve. These are subdivided in districts.

Provincias Portugal legenda

Provinces of Portugal.

Provinces Capital Area (km²) Population Districts
Minho Braga 4,839 Braga, Viana do Castelo
Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro Vila Real 11,848 Bragança, Vila Real
Douro Litoral Porto 3,285 Aveiro, Porto
Beira Litoral Coimbra 7,596 Aveiro, Coimbra, Leiria
Beira Alta Viseu 9,536 Guarda, Viseu
Beira Baixa Castelo Branco 7,504 Castelo Branco
Ribatejo Santarém 7,237 Santarém
Estremadura Lisboa 5,333 Leiria, Lisboa, Setúbal
Alto Alentejo Évora 12,516 Évora, Portalegre
Baixo Alentejo Beja 13,785 Beja, Setúbal
Algarve Faro 5,072 Faro

Autonomous provinces

The Azores and Madeira Islands are Autonomous Provinces. They have an Executive Commission, named by an eleced General Board (Junta Geral). The President of the Republic designates a Minister of the Republic (Ministro da República) has his representative and executive head of the autonomous province.

Autonomous Provinces Capital Area (km²) Population Districts
Azores Ponta Delgada 2,333 Angra do Heroísmo, Horta, Ponta Delgada
Madeira Funchal 801 Funchal

Local government

Local government is administered by municipalities (Portuguese: municípios or concelhos). Each municipality is further subdivided into parishes (freguesias). Portuguese municipalities are ruled by a system composed by an executive body (the municipal chamber) and a deliberative body (the municipal assembly). The municipal chamber is the executive body and is composed of the president of the municipality and a number of councillors proportional to the municipality's population. The municipal assembly is composed of the presidents of all the parishes that compose the municipality, as well as by a number of directly-elected deputies, at least equal to the number of parish presidents plus one. Both bodies are elected for three years.

In the overseas provinces, the municipios are established in the capital of the province and some large cities. The rest of their territory is divided in districts administered by a commissioner.

Also see Overseas Provincesa

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