FANDOM


PMIV Logo Inverted

The Ming Dynasty still rules over the vast lands of China. On the other side of the world, the Hundred Years War continues between England and France. Europe is still stuck in the old ways of feudalism and chivalry while the notions of a New World are considered figments of the imagination.

We welcome you to the long-awaited fourth expansion of that immortal series. Welcome to Principia Moderni IV! Starting in 1400 AD, this is the dawn of the modern world and the tail end of the Middle Ages. The Renaissance is just kicking off in Europe, while the nations in the western side of the continent are locked in the last gasp of the Hundred Years War. The Muslim world is still reeling from the invasions of Turks and Mongols, with the Caliphate resting in the collapsing Mamluk Egypt and the Ottomans on the rise in Anatolia. Make it count.

The first game was the most successful on the wiki, leading all the way to the modern day with mostly plausible posts and little controversy. The second game reached almost to the modern day, but failed due to a plethora of ASB events and moderator bias. The third game was much more worthy than the first, almost running into implausibility but climbing back into a shining glory by the end. Riding on the latest reforms of map games since the end of PMIII, this is the most logical next step in that evolution. Remember, above all other rules, — have fun.

PMIV quote

The Map

Important Pages

The Night's Watch (Moderators)

Nations

Archives

Archives List
15th century 16th century 17th century 18th century 19th century 20th century 21st century

1400-1409
1410-1419
1420-1429
1430-1439
1440-1449
1450-1459
1460-1469
1470-1479
1480-1489
1490-1499

1500-1509
1510-1519
1520-1529
1530-1539
1540-1549
1550-1559
1560-1569
1570-1579
1580-1589
1590-1599

1600-1609
1610-1619
1620-1629
1630-1639
1640-1649
1650-1659
1660-1669
1670-1679
1680-1689
1690-1699

1700-1709
1710-1719
1720-1729
1730-1739
1740-1749
1750-1759
1760-1769
1770-1779
1780-1789
1790-1799

1800-1809
1810-1819
1820-1829
1830-1839
1840-1849
1850-1859
1860-1869
1870-1879
1880-1889
1890-1899

1900-1909
1910-1919
1920-1929
1930-1939
1940-1949
1950-1959
1960-1969
1970-1979
1980-1989
1990-1999

2000-2009









Back to GameViewEdit

The Wildlings

All users currently on the wiki may play unless otherwise noted.

Banned Users

A ban from plausibility strikes lasts 30 days, after which the third strike is repealed and the banned player is unbanned. However, the newly unbanned player rejoins the game with two strikes, as a form of probation.

  • Bear - 1648

Banned temporarily

  • No players have yet been temporarily banned

Plausibility Strikes

Three strikes and you're out! Each strike resets after 30 years of the most recent strike.

  • Fallacy I
  • Eljefe316 I

Moderator Strikes

These are strikes for moderators and how they moderate. The same three strikes rules apply. If a moderator is banned from moderating. However, they can still play as their nation. Mod strikes can be delivered in one of three ways:

  1. If a sufficient number of players (more than half of all players voting) vote to give a moderator a strike.
  2. If I, Scraw, give them a strike.
  3. If a majority of all mods (i.e., more than half of the total number of mods, excluding that moderator) vote to give a moderator a strike.

Moderators can be given strikes for the following reasons:

  1. Exhibiting bias that would benefit the nation they are playing.
  2. Exhibiting bias that would negatively affect a player they have a personal dispute with.
  3. Making a ruling that contradicts a proven fact from OTL or an established fact from earlier in the game.
  4. Overruling a decision of a majority of moderators.
PMIV banner II

The Game

1900

Centuries of unity within the Catholic church finally collapse with the French Cardinal Nathaniel resigning from the church and publishing his 1900 reformation thesis. It argues for a religious theocratic state which intervenes in social issues restricting various crimes against religion such as heresy, blasphemy, drinking and prostitution as well as enacting protection of the poor.

In Brésil, Rhineland, Prussia, Austria and Colombia, this movement takes hold as major church figures resign in support of Cardinal Nathaniel and his views. Many people agree with his views but are unwilling to force the issue right now.

Fight breaks out in France between secularists and the Nathanites which is largely a rural against urban divide. The French army begins suppression of the Nathanites but they form their own forces and begin fighting back in an insurgency.

The Kalamata race in a surprising turn of events was won by Ali Bakr motors. Their vehicles become increasingly popular especially inside the Belkan commonwealth. DeLorean's car was leading the race for a long time but it exploded before the finish line wounding him very badly.

The naval arms race continues with Britain having 24, France having 16, Prussia having ten, Rhineland having nine and Russia having nine capital ships with all nations continuing construction.

  • Kingdom of Egypt: After a very shocking victory from Ali Bakr Motors, automobiles - specifically those made by ABM (Ali Bakr Motors). Ali Bakr is made a national hero, with Abasi Zaan becoming a national celebrity and being featured on many post cards. We officially begin industrializing on a full scale, with factories being constructed all throughout our major cities (Alexandria, Giza and Alia), and begin using propaganda posters and mass media to promote the job of an industrial worker. Some economists dub this new boom in the economy as the “20th Century Golden Age”. The Egyptian Coptic Christians declare their loyalty to the Coptic church, and so whomever they side with, is what they adhere to in this conflict. We continue to fund education and build schools throughout the country, along with funding a more secular science thing - I don't know. Egyptian nationalism rises. We fortify the Egyptian-controlled Suez Canal. We continue to grow papyrus, flux, tobacco, cotton for the European market, rivaling other markets (India, China).
  • Scandinavia: Greenland and Jan Mayen are officially sold to Vinland for 25 million Vinlandic krona.
  • Republica Ibérica: Negotiations with Swahili are opened in the interests of preventing greater loss of life. After several weeks, an agreement is reached. Iberia will take the Swahili colonies in South West Africa. Swahili citizens in these colonies will be granted full legal protections, and Swahili will maintain a 50-year lease on a port facility and adjacent municipal districts of their choice. The crisis and France is watched with a mixture of horror and awe in the Iberian Parliament. Reports of massacres and attacks on civilians are reminiscent of an earlier - less civilized - age and cause a degree of concern for the security of Iberians near the border. In response, the Guardia Nacional is mobilized, and the corps of 100,000 men is sent to the northern regions of Iberia to prevent any trouble. The Guardia is also authorized to create a second corps of 100,000 reservists. The population is estimated to be 50.73 million. Research, science and development come to dominate Iberian higher education. In Barcelona, Alberto Enciso begins researching several of the mysteries of electromagnetism and light itself. Herrero Motorworks, although not the winner of the Kalamata demonstrated Iberian engineering with a strong showing until the last 20 kilometers. Unfortunately, while in second place, the automobile struck a large pothole which damaged not only the right rear wheel, but also the transmission. Despite the defeat, Señor Herrero himself pledges that the company will overcome, and begins personally working to establish an Iberian Motor Racing League. With backing from several newspapers and wealthy car enthusiasts the league is formed, and invitations extended to all attendees of the Kalamata Race for another race from Girona to San Sebastian. Other contenders are also welcome, including Iberia’s own Correia Motor Company. Race Carlos Martín and the Iberian Sun Power Company develop several new solar projects. The introduction of a 240 KW low pressure turbine allows solar thermal to really excel. The first solar farm in Morocco is built by the company to pump water for industrial purposes. The shipyards of Catalonia are in full swing finishing the first classes of the Iberian semiannual ship orders. A new class of four battleships is ordered. The Beira-class is the most heavily armored and armed class of Iberian battleships to date and emphasizes improved speed. Furthermore, the Andalucia-class is ordered modernized with the addition of improved power plants and weapons. Additionally, the ships receive a thin layer of spaced armor as protection from torpedoes and smaller high-explosive shells.
    • Republica de Morocco: The national census estimates the population to be 10.82 million. The economy of Morocco continues to grow rapidly due to Iberian investment and technical aid. Wages hover at just about 90% of those in Iberia, but are rising. The steel industry expands rapidly as does the rail network. Phosphate production develops as a major sector of the Moroccan economy as does the synthesis of phosphorus fertilizer. Agricultural mechanization along with water conservation and management projects led to aggressive growth in the agricultural sector. Reformist Maghrebi Islam spreads with government support. After the decades of conversions, the sect now includes nearly 48% of the population. Culturally, the population has become more liberalized, with increasing importance placed on personal freedoms. Meanwhile, the educational reforms of the previous few years have contributed to rising literacy. With literacy and education on the rise, Iberian becomes a common second language and a major language of commerce in Morocco. Although it is not part of the mandatory curriculum, many Moroccans voluntarily learn it through classes offered after school.
      • Dependencia de Algeria: The population of Algeria reaches 6.65 million and of these, 3.23 million are European. Algerian migration to Morocco continues en masse to escape the poverty of interior Algeria. The interior economy remains very poor with limited adoption of modern technology. Meanwhile, along the coast and in Mostaganem there is rapid development as European migrants implement modern farming, manufacturing and financial methods from their homes.
    • Antillas Ibéricas: The colony continues to enjoy the profits of salt and sugar production. Educational reforms spread as the government promotes literacy and basic mathematics.
    • Indias Orientales Ibéricas: The colony continues to enjoy the profits of spice and rubber production. Educational reforms spread as the government promotes literacy and basic mathematics.
    • República Africana Ibérica: The republic continues expansion efforts along the Sahel north of the French holdings in West Africa. Gold and other minerals constitute the major economic sector in Senegay. Aluminium production grows this year and port facilities are modernized to facilitate its export.
  • Great Empire of China–Korea: The People's Action Party begins to advocate for a more pragmatic view of international politics and relations, and seek to ingrain the age-old policy of buffer zones and neutralized neighbors into foreign policy. While that has been achieved with the liberation of Dzungaria and Altishahria and Dai Viet from Russian and Burgundian encroachment respectively, and ultimately the establishment of the Compact of Free Association; the two-decades-long "Japan Problem" has prevented the full neutralization of China–Korea's neighbours, and implicated national security–assuming Japan allies with a foreign power. As a result, many are now advocating for the usage of gunboat diplomacy against Japan or even a full-scale invasion to seize the important island of Taiwan and to place restrictions on its military power. With a war seemingly on the horizon, both Premier Zhou Xiaolong and the Huifu Emperor both declare symbolic speeches to empower the people and to muster popular support. Educational attainment rises, with increasing enrollment into imperial universities. Rapid industrialization and economic modernization continue. China–Korea continues to produce large quantities of textiles, synthetic dyes, steel, as well as machinery and construction material. Telecommunications and railway lines are built. The goals of the 1895 Naval Bill are met, with the construction and commissioning of 13 frigates this year. As a result, the Imperial Navy now consists of 165 warships, specifically: six battleships, 12 armored cruisers and light cruisers each, 75 destroyers and 60 frigates. The 1899 order for battleships is expected to arrive in 1902, which upon arrival, would complete the requirement for China–Korea to achieve security and undisputed dominance of its territorial waters as delineated by the ISKN. In addition, 80 patrol boats have been made since 1898. To facilitate China-Korea's growing naval capabilities, coaling stations and minor ship repair facilities are built along the coast. Arms production continues to grow rapidly, with repeating rifles and their carbine derivatives, field artillery, machine guns and their respective ammunition being produced.
    • Tibet (protectorate): Civic buildings are constructed in the capital of Lhasa, which is inhabited by ~20,000 residents. Sedentary living is encouraged, with the little available arable land being intensively cultivated. Major crops include wheat and rye. A garrison of a single brigade (~5000) is stationed there, armed with Needle Rifles.
    • Altishahria (protectorate): More mining facilities are opened in Aksu, exploiting the Tarim basin's mining resources. Lucrative minerals such as soda, borax and jade are the country's main exports to China–Korea. In addition to grains, cash crops are grown, specifically grapes, melons, pears, and walnuts. There is a ranching boom, with many former pastoralists establishing enclosures for livestock. The main product is wool (from sheep), with processing facilities established in the capital and other major cities as preparation for further processing in China–Korea's textile mills. Korla becomes Altishahria's largest city due to continuous migration and its position as a major break-of-bulk point, with a total of ~200,000 inhabitants (one-tenth of the total population). As a result, the Altishahr government relocates there and various civic buildings are constructed. A garrison of two divisions (~20,000) is stationed there, armed with Needle Rifles.
    • Dzungaria (protectorate): Civic buildings are constructed in Ghulja, which is inhabited by 20,000 residents. The nationalized Dzungar Oil Company increases the scale of their operations in the area, constructing multiple oil mines and refineries. In addition to supplying energy to northwest China, the company also provides kerosene for street lamps as well as other industrial chemicals via distillation. A garrison of 12 divisions (~120,000) is present, armed with Needle Rifles. The bulk of this military force is stationed in the Dzungarian Gate, which is heavily fortified due to its position as the sole overland entry point into Western China.
    • Dai Viet (protectorate): Under the guidance of China, the Vietnamese economy and government structure are radically reformed. The Vietnamese bureaucracy is simplified and made open to all classes. Furthermore, the educational curriculum now includes not only Confucian canon but Western subjects, specifically mathematics, literature and the sciences. The taxation reform is reformed to relieve peasants of any tax burdens and peasants are taught techniques and given capital to improve their cultivation methods – thereby boosting productivity. Cultivation of coffee and the raising of shrimp and fish for commercial purposes (mainly for export) begins. In addition, small-scale cultivation of tobacco commences but focuses on quality rather than quantity due to the inability to compete with European possessions in the industry. A local force of ~20,000 troops are trained, which defend Dai Viet alongside with ~30,000 Sino–Korean troops.
  • FS of Arcadia: After the success of the first glider, Henry S. Hocking began, with the help of a scientist and friend, to build a basic frame for his glider - the glider getting a slight redesign after every test. With all these redesigns he's able to make the first 100-foot seated glide. The difference between seated and holding being that while seated you can in theory maneuver and adjust it more. Henry and Nikolas begin also to look for a way to power these gliders so that they can have the first flight powered by mechanical might instead of just running speed and the weight of the glider. With a new era coming some begin to believe that FSA flags, anthems and other symbology should be replaced with a more uniting versions or replacements. This is part of a movement of historic revivalism which aims to get Old German, Russian, Salish and Athabaskan symbols in use. Electric power centrals are being built with most of them being built in Bergsorbia. This is due to the open space that is available and due to the large amount of turf that can be found in the region. Most of these centrals are powered by the turf but some are being powered by hydroelectric dams. Due to this, Bergsorbia has become the centre of electricity generation.
  • The nation of New England fights this year in the border states against the hostile northerners and dissidents. League membership from Ohio State increases, as that region is on the forefront. Arthur Wellesley delivers a speech promising the revitalization of that region, with a re-population, a re-building and more, that peace is on the way and that aid is on the way. Also, his government faces several adversities. There is a growing debate over unification with our brother nations. It is argued that this would strengthen our cause, while it is counter-argued that there is no sense antagonizing our enemies, or stretching ourselves thin. In the meantime, troops are sent to the north of the nation. Troops are also sent to the west to help settle the frontier and soldiers are placed along the border with the FSA to make sure there is no settlement by them in our claimed lands. The peace talks are in progress and we hope to reach a conclusion and start rebuilding.
  • Imperial Swahili Federation: We continue colonial expansion in Northern Somalia, in the south and in the Malindi and Mombasa area. Colonization increases as medicine and weaponry become more widespread. Agricultural modernization continues in Swahili. Further industrialization continues. A telegraph system is being constructed within Swahili. With the end of the Kalamata race, the Swahili consulate invites DeLorean to work in Swahili, as the Sofala Madrassah believes his mechanical genius would be of great use to Swahili intellectual and scientific developments. The Swahili army and navy is demobilised. With war averted, a cleric has written a song exalting the greatness of God in preserving peace. The song, "Baba Yetu", written in Swahili proved immensely popular and is soon adopted as an unofficial anthem. However, the crisis had also caused concern of the state of the Swahili navy and a naval expansion program is passed. Four battleships shall be ordered from the leading European naval powers, and the Mogadishu, Sofala, Ibo, Zanzibar and Madagascar naval bases shall undergo expansion. With the abandonment of Britain and help from Belka during the crisis, the government begins re-orienting itself to pursue closer ties with Belka.
    • Buha: With the acceptance of Swahili overlordship, Swahili soldiers are garrisoned within Buha. Schools and mosques are established as Swahili capital flows into Buha, particularly in the Great Lakes regions.
  • Borealia: With the demand for new ships at an all-time high, shipyards are expanded, and new ones created near major ports. New ships are constructed and added to the blockade, which continues to launch strikes against hostile ships. Prefabrication and other techniques are implemented to increase the speed at which ships are built. The Westen brothers successfully fly their powered, manned aircraft for a short flight north of New Amsterdam. Initially, their feat is met by skepticism, and the public is slow to react to the event. The Vandenhoek Motor Company, desperate to increase their sales after a lackluster performance at the Kalamata Race, reach out to the brothers and offer a partnership. Working jointly, Vandenhoek and the newly created Westen Company, create a new prototype, and also gain the attention of the government. Willem Luyt, the officer overseeing the introduction of the Steppen into the military, meets with the group and is impressed by a test flight. Luyt orders the creation of an airfield north of his base at Wilmington, and sets up the Westen brothers with a small amount of support and funding. A project begins to construct a series of secret metro systems underneath all major cities, linking capitol buildings, government agencies and other important buildings to each other, and to underground bunkers. The project begins in Sint Jan, and will allow representatives to reach the parliament building without being disturbed if they wish, with tunnels being placed far below the surface and the public metro systems. The First Mechanized Brigade is transferred to Wilmington where it undergoes testing and sees combat against insurgents. Resettlement and deportations continue, with a large number of people moving/being moved to Vinland, Guyana, West Africa, Avelskamp, Bovenstland, and elsewhere. As a result Koebec and Nausetia both have a high Burgundian majority. After the Populist Party's brief rise to power in the 1890s, Henri Bergansius of the Democratic Party is elected, ushering in the harsh policies meant to end the insurgency. With the Liberal and Populist parties faltering, the Progressive Party is founded this year, as a response to the rapid modernization of the nation.
  • Kingdom of Burgundy: The SMS Herzog Guise (SS-31), the last of the Graf Kotte-class battleships, is laid down. The first of the armored cruisers order by Hawaii is delivered, along with three decommissioned protected cruisers also purchased by the kingdom. The Japanese battleships Shikishima and Asahi are completed this year, and are sent to Asia, also with them are engineers assigned to help Japan develop the shipyards and capability to built such battleships natively. They are escorted by the four battleships of the Holland-class, which after a brief visit in Yokosuka, return to Singapore to form the battle line of the Singapore fleet for a few years. Three ships of the Nanzeg-class armored cruisers enter service. Seeing the instability in France, an offer of Burgundian assistance is extended to the French secularists (MOD RESPONSE, PLEASE).
    • The French accept the Burgundian offer of help.
  • Vinland: With the acquisition of Greenland and Jan Mayen a massive integration process begins. Immigration is supported and those who immigrate will get citizenship within one year. A local group in the parliament known as the group of three wishes to declare a monarchy but the republican government is still popular. With the turn of the century a big celebration is held all over Vinland.

1901

In Brésil, the Temperance League members march on the capital demanding prohibition and camp out refusing to move.

In France, Nathanite insurgents are forced back by the army into their support base of the countryside where they begin to establish a de facto rule as people fear to go against them with the French and Burgundian armies offering little protection. Cardinal Nathan goes into hiding in Prussia.

In Austria, Prussia and the Rhineland, religious issues are slightly more civil with many setting up their own places of worship and enforcing their own moral standards.

In Russia, there is continued migration to Siberia with accelerated growth in industry in the three cities of Tomsk, Tobolsk and Irktusk as they all build large state owned power stations to power factories and street lamps.

Japan's purchase of two new capital ships from Burgundy leads the navy to put pressure on the government to start a war with China before its navy can outnumber them.

Napoleon III and his forces defeat General Holt. A purge of Holt's loyalists follows and Napoleon III enacts military reform to prevent over-mighty generals from amassing such power in the future.

  • Kingdom of Egypt: The 20th Century Golden Age continues, with our industrialization campaign continuing in full steam as factories fill up numerous empty plots in order and to use propaganda and mass media to recruit more workers, which slowly begins to succeed as many of the factories get filled up with factories, but most Egyptians stick with their pre-industrial jobs and agriculture still a big thing. We decide that we should use the factories we have to construct machines to make farmer’s jobs easier, and so we construct a cotton gin and distribute it to farmers, showing them how it works and such. If this is successful, the machines should show others in rural and impoverished parts of Egypt the wonders of industrialization and maybe will cause them to migrate to the big cities in order to get jobs. We make the qualification levels for being a factory worker very loose in order to get more appeal, and also offer higher wages. Royal decree 30616 is put into action by the King, that basically gives the go ahead to a massive overhaul of the Suez port, but despite him executing the plan, in reality it was Prime Minister Omar Ismali’s idea, as he is working to expand the Egyptian economy into the best in Africa and the Islamic World. We continue to secularize education. We build forts in our zone in the Suez. Egyptian nationalism increases.
  • Kingdom of Burgundy: The Burgundian Royal Army deploys two bands (corps) of 15,000 men each in their involvement in the current French civil strife. The XVII Band is deployed to Upper Normandy, and the XXII Band to Nevers. They operate under orders to counteract any Nathanite influence, and to uphold the secular rule of law. The Brandenburg-class battleships SMS Brandenburg (SS-27), SMS Hohenstaufen (SS-28), and SMS Gerulfing (SS-29) are commissioned into the Navy. All six ships of the Graf Kotte-class are launched in the meantime. The IJN Hatsuse and IJN Mikasa are completed and sent to join their consorts in Japan, this year under escort from three armored cruisers bound for their own service in the Royal Hawaiian Navy, and five light cruisers and 15 destroyers for the Singapore Fleet. The completion of the “four-ship, five-year” contract for the IJN almost a year early brings a good deal of pride to the Burgundian shipbuilding industry, so much that Carnegie Eisenwerken and Blohm & Wolff (the two shipyards who built the Japanese battleships) allows their yard workers a week's vacation in appreciation. In other news, the Crown Colony of Guyana is re-organized as the Kingdom of Guyana, a self-governing dominion, with a foreign policy linked to Burgundy proper, and under the military protection of the Royal Armed Forces. At the same time, the territory of Patagonië is granted incorporated status as the Duchy of Patagonië, that is essentially admitting them as a province of Burgundy. With the Chinese declaration of war on Japan, the Singapore Fleet is put on readiness should the conflict spill over. Burgundian citizens in Japan are advised to avoid active war zones. Using the Chinese declaration of war on Japan as an example of Chinese expansionism and militarism, and offer of protectorate status is sent to the Kings of Cambodia and Lan Xang (Laos) (mod response, please). Utilizing technology shared by Borealia, the Kinnigleche Marine commissions its first submarine, SM U-1. The Navy puts forward a finalized design of the Grafleche Bourgogne-class, which includes an intermediate battery of four 9.4”/.45 caliber guns in four single turrets mounted on the wings of the ships. The States-General authorizes the construction of five of the battleships.
    • Sino–Korean diplomacy (MOD RESPONSE): As a response to Burgundian attempts to subjugate Lan Xang and Cambodia and intrude into the Sino–Korean sphere, an offer is sent to both for them to join the Compact of Free Association; citing the loss of political rights in Burgundian colonies in Southeast Asia, contrasting to the free democracies and thriving economies propped up in Sino–Korean protectorates.
    • Land Xang and Cambodia go with Burgundy.
  • Great Empire of China–Korea: Premier Zhou Xiaolong signs a document officially declaring war on Japan, an act that is symbolically approved by the Huifu Emperor. The news quickly spreads throughout China–Korea and as well as its protectorates. This renews a sense of Hua nationalism, and many praise the war – colloquially referred to as the Fourth Sino–Japanese War (and marking the fifth time the House of Jin has fought against the Japanese) – as a final solution to the "Japan Problem" and the assertion of Sino–Korean hegemony over East Asia. However, concerned with a potential Burgundian intervention, China–Korea calls upon Belka for diplomatic and military aid as promised by our alliance; and promises to leave the strategically important Micronesian islands as a concession. Prior to a large-scale mobilization of troops, the fortifications of Guangzhou and Shanghai are reinforced. Busan is also heavily fortified, while extensive fortifications are built on the island of Daemado. The importance of Daemado, which allows China–Korea to maintain control over the Korea Strait, is heavily emphasized. It also provides an effective break-of-bulk point and a center for reinforcements and deliveries of military material. The number of military troops allocated to defensive roles is increased to a million, while ~250,000 are conscripted to fight in Japan. Around a fourth of the merchant fleet is recruited to become temporary troop carriers, being able to send troops from Busan to Fukuoka within eight hours (double that for a round trip) at 25 kmph. The Southern Fleet, consisting of six battleships, armored cruisers, and cruisers each, 35 destroyers, and 30 frigates, is placed under high alert. Around two-thirds of the Northern Fleet (of similar composition) is deployed from its home ports of Dongying and Busan to repel the Japanese Fleet of the Korea Strait, seeing astounding success. A naval landing is launched on Fukuoka, with an initial invasion force numbering ~100,000 troops. After seizing much of the city, huge numbers of reinforcements arrive, and the number of troops there swells to ~250,000. Similarly, it beats back the Japanese forces and Fukuoka is now occupied by the Sino–Koreans - now leaving a gateway to the Taiheyō Belt, onto the Kanto plain. This also effectively inhibits Japan's capability to defend Takasago (or Taiwan), and the islands of Kyushu and Shikoku. A propaganda campaign is launched in Taiwan to incite rebellion among the Hakka Chinese living in the southern portion of the island, as well as the Ryukyuans, hoping it will ease future conquest. To avoid dealing with civil unrest, grain is provided to civilians, while any arsenals and munitions plants are raided and destroyed. Any usable firearm is seized, and any telegram and railway networks are repurposed to gain insight in the Japanese. A propaganda campaign is launched showing pictures of the state of traditional Japanese villages and statistics of development (which portray Japan as lagging far behind China) – contrasting them with pictures of Sino–Korean city centers and luxury goods. Amidst this nationalistic frenzy, Ma Raya launches a studio album, Butterfly. Singles "Honey" and "My All" (the latter inspired by her trip to Iberia and Aztlán) become instant chart toppers, though she becomes embroiled in legal troubles after protesting the limited releases of the title track "Butterfly" and "Breakdown". Her rendition of the national anthem, "Sons and Daughters of Heaven" is also re-released, and once again peaks at the Number One spot. Educational attainment rises, with increasing enrollment into imperial universities. Rapid industrialization and economic modernization continue. China–Korea continues to produce large quantities of textiles, synthetic dyes, steel, as well as machinery and construction material. Telecommunications and railway lines are built. With heightened demand, the production of armaments once again increases exponentially, with the manufacturing of repeating rifles and their carbine derivatives, field artillery, machine guns, and their respective ammunition.
    • Tibet (protectorate): Civic buildings are constructed in the capital of Lhasa, which is inhabited by ~20,000 residents. Sedentary living is encouraged, with the little available arable land being intensively cultivated. Major crops include wheat and rye. A garrison of a single brigade (~5000) is stationed there, armed with Needle Rifles.
    • Altishahria (protectorate): More mining facilities are opened in Aksu, exploiting the Tarim basin's mining resources. Lucrative minerals such as soda, borax and jade are the country's main exports to China–Korea. In addition to grains, cash crops are grown, specifically grapes, melons, pears, and walnuts. There is a ranching boom, with many former pastoralists establishing enclosures for livestock. The main product is wool (from sheep), with processing facilities established in the capital and other major cities as preparation for further processing in China–Korea's textile mills. Korla becomes Altishahria's largest city due to continuous migration and its position as a major break-of-bulk point, with a total of ~200,000 inhabitants (one-tenth of the total population). As a result, the Altishahr government relocates there, and various civic buildings are constructed. A garrison of two divisions (~20,000) is stationed there, armed with Needle Rifles.
    • Dzungaria (protectorate): Civic buildings are constructed in Ghulja, which is inhabited by 20,000 residents. The nationalized Dzungar Oil Company increases the scale of their operations in the area, constructing multiple oil mines and refineries. In addition to supplying energy to northwest China, the company also provides kerosene for street lamps as well as other industrial chemicals via distillation. A garrison of 12 divisions (~120,000) is present, armed with Needle Rifles. The bulk of this military force is stationed in the Dzungarian Gate, which is heavily fortified due to its position as the sole overland entry point into Western China.
    • Dai Viet (protectorate): Under the guidance of China, the Vietnamese economy and government structure are radically reformed. A centralized bank, known as the "Central Bank of Vietnam" (CBV) is established to preside over the country's financial situation. The peasantry are taught techniques and granted capital to improve their cultivation methods – thereby boosting productivity. Cultivation of coffee and the raising of shrimp and fish for commercial purposes (mainly for export) continues and is highly successful. In addition, small-scale cultivation of tobacco commences but focuses on quality rather than quantity due to the inability to compete with European possessions in the industry. A force of ~50,000 troops is present, one-half of which are Vietnamese.
    • Sino–Korean Diplomacy (MOD RESPONSE): As a response to Burgundian attempts to subjugate Lan Xang and Cambodia and intrude into the Sino–Korean sphere, an offer is sent to both for them to join the Compact of Free Association; citing the loss of political rights in Burgundian colonies in Southeast Asia, contrasting to the free democracies and thriving economies propped up in Sino–Korean protectorates.
  • FS of Arcadia: There is a new minor immigration wave coming, from groups that speak minority languages. This is due to some communities fleeing their native lands to be able to set up communities following their strict interpretation of Christianity and Bible law. They also prefer their culture unmixed and without any modern machinery. Although the amount of anti-industrialism varies widely by group. With the most notable groups being the West Flemish, Limburgish and East Frisian. Although their numbers are only around 1000 their impact is quite great. Henry S Hocking and his friend and scientist Nikolas G Rackling begin to experiment with Brésilian and Borealian motors technology. The first flight with a heavier then air Motorglider the distance was only around 150 feet. This did show that it is possible to fly with a motor and that with innovation in design of the Motorglider and improvement with the motor it will be able to fly for more then 300 feet. They believe it will be possible in around one year and maybe sooner with more funding. With more electricity available the numbers of telegraphs, electric lighting and cameras begins to increase drastically. With a newly introduced device getting known and used, this new device is called the telephone although it is commonly known as phone. This technology is rapidly being adopted for military use this is by having the companies do some extra preparations so when it is needed it can be deployed faster and relaid if needed. The first Arcadian marksmen's festival is celebrated in the town of Stadtneuhaus. Marksmen festivals are a north German tradition that came from the old vigilant groups that were set up to defend their respective cities. Today these militias have survived in the rural areas of Arcadia as they were brought by German immigrants, even though they are not involved in any warfare. At these festivals, a marksmen militia chooses a "king" by a target-shooting contest on a wooden bird on a pole. The "king" is a more or less representative position within the shooting club, yet he has to pay for the drinks, hangover and meals for the whole club and other visitors of the festival. The shooting clubs in rural Arcadia are also used to secure cut off settlements from outside threats like wild animals and function (even if it's unusual) as a help for the local militia, while the clubs in urban areas are more of a free time activity for men and boys.
  • Imperial Swahili Federation: We continue colonial expansion in Northern Somalia, in the south and in the Malindi and Mombasa area. Colonization increases as medicine and weaponry become more widespread. Agricultural modernization continues in Swahili. Further industrialization continues. Several cities in Swahili have slowly become centers of industrial output. DeLorean is again invited to work in Swahili. Several British businesses and holdings Southern Swahili are being bought out by Swahili banks with clandestine support from the government.
    • Buha: Several ports are constructed along the Great Lakes while more soldiers are sent to garrison Buha. Swahili advisors see to begin modernisation within Buha.
    • Swahili Diplomacy to Belka: We wish to order four battleships from Belkan shipyards.
    • Belkan Dip: We agree. Expect them finished by 1903.
  • Belkan Empire: In accordance with the Sino-Belkan agreements and with some vested policy and economic interest in the conflict Vozhd Bukharain with support of the Supreme Soviet in an interest to test the military waters of a Sino-Belkan war together provides the support to the Chinese and marshals two task forces, one as a full replacement of the outdated East Asia fleet, and another as a major battle fleet to operate in support of combat operations. Combined the Belkan navy marshals the new East Asia Squadron consisting of four new battleships, four armored cruisers, seven light cruisers, and 30 destroyers. The Second Fleet - marshaled from various Belkan home water and Mediterranean patrols - is made up of six battleships almost all of the Sofiya-class, eight light cruisers, four armored cruisers, and 40 destroyers are deployed as well. They sail through Suez in short order as the two modern fleets reach Asia within a few months redeploying the New East Asia Squadron to Fortress Durestov (Hong Kong) and Battle Group Typhoon being forward deployed to the crown colony of Manila. Seeing the necessity to begin operations to take quite a few islands, and possibly make landing on the Japanese Home Islands and in Taiwan as well, the Belkan army creates the Far Eastern Expeditionary force under a rising general, General Vladislav Tarkovsky who is famed for is unconventional papers and strategies at the Avala War College located in Belgrad. Marshaling nearly 100,000 troops the Belkan army arrives in Durestov shortly after the East Asia Squadron. Waiting to see the initial moves of the Chinese, the Belkan forces begin to build up its colonial forces as well specifically drawing up nearly 50,000 Manilan troops and readying the 40,000 strong Manila garrison for conflict as well. Burma is also put on the ready but in more of a training sense as it mobilizes nearly 100,000 troops but this is seen more as a training situation than the forces actually getting deployed. At home the economy is prepared to take some losses in shipping from Asia as a result of the war but not much other than a complete routing of the Japanese is expected. At the same time the Belkan expenses to invade the Congolese states is made bearable and an invasion of the first state directly adjacent to Zaire is made with nearly 80,000 troops guided by African auxiliaries. The Belkan fleet testing itself in its first modern naval war begin to ramp up its production of escorts producing nearly 50 destroyers over the last few years as well as beginning the construction of ten of the Sofiya MKII battleships, a design improvement over the original Sofiya class. The economy officially becomes the Largest in Europe as the collection of economic interests abroad, the commonwealth's economic prosperity coming to a head and the Chinese market finally maturing brings the Belkan economy into a rapid acceleration which is in sharp contrast to the last few years of Recession as a result of the huge naval buildup.
  • Aztlán: As the 20th century begins, the German minority begins to manifest itself in many major cities, as expressed in subtle German variations on Aztlán cuisine and the slow trickling in of German elected representatives. The immigrants are mostly in the eastern port of Merida, but are slowly spreading to the west coast as well. As for production, four more battleships are on queue and are expected to be completed in 1905. The government decides to forgo any more land-grab negotiations with Providence and instead begins to work on exporting agricultural and mineral goods to Brésil, Iberia and the Pan-Arcadian Congress.
  • Republica Ibérica: With the war on in France, Iberia begins an “Open for Business” policy in selling arms to whichever side requests them. The Nathanites are discretely offered several Model 1886 Garzo-Rosel Machine Guns and Sandoval Model 1880 Lever-Pinion Rifles for a reasonable price. Meanwhile, the French Army is offered Sandoval Model 1894 Lever-Pinion Rifles as well as machine guns and cannons should they wish to purchase them. The Guardia Nacional is maintained along the border and the Second Corps is officially raised this year. The new corps is left in the reserve for now. The population is estimated to be 51.24 million. Research, science and development come to dominate Iberian higher education. In Barcelona, Alberto Enciso continues researching several of the mysteries of electromagnetism and light itself. The Pyrenean Race demonstrates the challenges still present in the automobile industry. Out of the dozens of contestants only 16 manage to finish the long and rough course. Road conditions are blamed for the poor showing, and The Iberian Motor Racing League begins a lobbying campaign to rebuild the Iberian road network. With Herrero Motorworks and Correira Motor Company leading the charge, the Iberian Parliament, which runs its own Motorists Club, agrees to fund the redevelopment of the Iberian road network. Carlos Martín and the Iberian Sun Power Company develop the first solar powered textile factory. It is powered by a large solar collector that powers five 240 KW low pressure turbines. These turbines then drive the belts and shafts required to run the textile machines. The shipyards of Catalonia are in full swing completing the second classes of the Iberian semiannual ship orders. The Beria-class is laid down and expected to be complete next year.
    • Republica de Morocco: The national census estimates the population to be 11.05 million. The economy of Morocco continues to grow rapidly due to Iberian investment and technical aid. The advent of solar power, it has become clear that Morocco will be able to develop improved sources of power. Wages hover at just about 90% of those in Iberia, but are rising. The steel industry expands rapidly as does the rail network. Phosphate production develops as a major sector of the Moroccan economy as does the synthesis of phosphorus fertilizer. Agricultural mechanization along with water conservation and management projects led to aggressive growth in the agricultural sector. Reformist Maghrebi Islam spreads with government support. After the decades of conversions, the sect now includes nearly 48% of the population. Culturally, the population has become more liberalized, with increasing importance placed on personal freedoms. Meanwhile, the educational reforms of the previous few years have contributed to rising literacy. With literacy and education on the rise, Iberian becomes a common second language, and a major language of commerce in Morocco. Although it is not part of the mandatory curriculum, many Moroccans voluntarily learn it through classes offered after school.
      • Dependencia de Algeria: The population of Algeria reaches 6.82 million, and of these, 3.2 million are European. Algerian migration to Morocco continues en masse to escape the poverty of interior Algeria. The interior economy remains very poor with limited adoption of modern technology. Meanwhile, along the coast and in Mostaganem there is rapid development as European migrants implement modern farming, manufacturing, and financial methods from their homes.
    • Antillas Ibéricas: The colony continues to enjoy the profits of salt and sugar production. Educational reforms spread as the government promotes literacy and basic mathematics.
    • Indias Orientales Ibéricas: The colony continues to enjoy the profits of spice and rubber production. Educational reforms spread as the government promotes literacy and basic mathematics.
    • República Africana Ibérica: The republic continues expansion efforts along the Sahel north of the French holdings in West Africa. Gold and other minerals constitute the major economic sector in Senegay. Aluminium production grows this year and port facilities are modernized to facilitate its export.
  • Borealia: The nation begins preparing to host the 1904 Olympic Games, with new transportation systems, stadia, and other infrastructure being created in the capital. The military sees expansion, with new steppens, prototype airplanes, armored cars, and other experimental units seeing new research and development. The navy sees the addition of several new ships, with new battleships, destroyers, and cruisers being ordered. Resettlement and deportations continue, with a large number of people moving/being moved to Vinland, Guyana, West Africa, Avelskamp, Bovenstland and elsewhere. As a result Koebec and Nausetia both have a high Burgundian majority.
    • OOC Aztlán: I've got a lot of catching up to do. Are the Arcadian Games now the Olympic Games?
    • The Arcadian Games are just a continent-wide event, while the Olympics are worldwide.

1902

In Russia, Igor Akinfeev becomes Minister of Defense and dramatically increases defense spending and professionalism in the military with plans to construct new high quality rifles, artillery, machine guns and other equipment for the Russian army while improving the quality of officers by downsizing the army and moving many of the bad ones out as well as increasing standards for new entrants.

Japan reels from the initial landing by China but settles in for a ground and naval war launching attacks with both their army and fleet at the Chinese lodgement on Fukuoka. Reports of potential for an uprising in Taiwan reach China but they are unlikely to revolt without landings first.

In France, the Nathanites win a major victory defeating the French secularists as many soldiers and officers defect disagreeing with the liberalism and atheism displayed at times. All of France except Upper Normandy and Nevers occupied by the Burgundians is held by the Most Holy Kingdom of France (in spite of there being no King, only Cardinal Nathan as the protector) who they proceed to attack with 150,000 soldiers each against Upper Normandy and Nevers.

In Brésil, the monarch refusing to shift his policy sees a revolution break out over what many perceive to be ignorance by the King of his failure to enforce moral standards. Strikes and riots plague the cities while a portion of the army and navy defect to the crowds. The remaining loyalists suggest they have no desire to fight the rebellion and they put pressure on the King to change his mind.

Prussia, Austria, Rhineland and New Granada all are on the brink of violence over Nathanism and movements begin to occur in Britain, Burgundy and Iberia.

  • Socialist Republic of Texas: Aaron Burr's son, John Burr, wins the Texan election, this time under the Syndicalist Party. An anglophile regime, he develops a dislike of Borealia. Meanwhile, some ranchers move to farm in co-operatives. Also, the industrial workers form Syndicates. The two other parties begin to become sidelined. John Burr begins to form a cult of personality. A four-year plan is quickly drawn out - primarily toward farming collectives and industry. Meanwhile, the Mexican border is fortified. Marsonists form a coalition with Aaron Burr. To the poorer farmers and industrial workers, his popularity swells. Also, propaganda is spread across Aztlán and Providence. Armored cars begin to see limited development.
  • FS of Arcadia: The federated government begins with replacing symbols with newer ones, this is done to differentiate the Federated States from other countries. The motto being changed to "Ambassador of God" with the motto being translated into all official languages and even some unrecognised languages, even being translated into Yugoslavic, French, Limburgish and Portuguese. Although the government does guarantee that the national flag will not have any change of any kind ever. In New Constantinople the Vexilogical Society of Arcadia gets founded by an array of artists, scientists and some patriots. This is patriotism to the great Arcadian mixing stew, a multi-cultural nation with democratic values. To defend this great democracy the government begins to invest in the Arcadian republican army this is mostly focused on updating some of the lower tier equipment. With artillery having to be completely built-up from the ground p due to artillery being neglected when the nation was founded. This was due to the fact that most of the borders were in quite inhabitable lands. But now the military staff has seen the importance of modern and good to equip artillery in fortresses. With staff now looking to either make factories produce artillery or to import it (player responses), with most preferring to license foreign design and to then produce it in the Federated States of Arcadia. On the military staff there is a discussion about whether the artillery should be mobile and light or heavy and immobile. This discussion is due to the fact that Arcadian military strategy hasn't being fully decided. With the modernisation of the Arcadian Republican Army there also comes a modernisation of the army and a clear split between the police named the Civic Militia (rural police, fire department and guards) the Stadtpolizei (city police) begins so that military and police gear will not be the same reserve.
  • In New England work continues to promote peace and rebuild. New roads are laid down in the north to connect to the border region, where the guards are posted. At the same time insurgents operate in Ohio and nearby against the northerners. By going through allied Avalon, insurgents also begin to attack southern Vinland. Prime Minister Arthur Wellesley tries again to create peace by continuing peace talks. Also, he begins sending soldiers into the north where the area is semi-lawless. We reiterate that we can withdraw if our enemies agree to do the same. With renewed success in the recent elections, the Communist and Socialist insurgents receive good funding. They begin operating in Chicago and along the Mississippi. When they read that Texas is socialist they send requests asking for money, supplies and men to help establish a socialist nation as well. Texan mercenaries are recruited, and some skirmishes break out in the southwest against conservative opponents of socialism and Texas in general. (Texas player response needed!)
    • Texas sends supplies. However, stays loyal to Britain, as they are an important failsafe, even when radicals take power. It consists of money to do well in elections.
    • OOC Aztlán: So, is New England not independent yet? (MOD RESPONSE!)
  • Great Empire of China–Korea: To avoid Russian intervention, 200,000 troops are stationed mainly in Harbin (which is a fort), with some patrolling the entirety of the Harbin River. The border is fortified with trench lines. The Korean Coast Guard sends riverine gunboats to assist them in case of an invasion. Similarly, the number of troops assigned to Dai Viet is increased to 100,000 troops, with the number of conscripted Vietnamese increased to 50,000 troops. With the repulsion of the Japanese counteroffensive at Fukuoka, more reinforcements are brought from Busan to further secure China–Korea's hold over Fukuoka, bringing the total number of Sino–Korean military personnel in Japan at ~300,000 troops. Many merchant vessels are recruited to serve as temporary troop carriers and to transport military supplies, and as a result, commercial shipyards (including the Ulsan Shipyard) begin to manufacture large quantities of steamships to fulfill the demand. With the retreat of Japanese forces to regroup in Hiroshima or Osaka, China–Korea seizes the opportunity to swiftly conquer the rest of Kyushu, therefore solidify China–Korea's hold on the Home Islands. While the initial invasion so far has been relatively slow, with the conclusion of the Taiwanese front, a front in Hokkaido is planned to be opened to distract Japanese troops and to hasten a two-way thrust into the Kanto plain. Fukuoka is fortified. A fleet consisting of a single battleship and 15 escorts is sent to Taiwan, to assist an expeditionary force of ~50,000 to conquer the island and liberate the Hakkas from Japanese rule. The invasion is a success, and Taiwan is freed from centuries of Japanese rule. It also allows China–Korea to achieve undisputed control over the Taiwan Strait as well as grants China–Korea and Belka (from Tondo) control over the Luzon Strait – both strategically - important for trade. Within the occupied territory, grain is provided to Japanese citizens and peasants are given capital to improve their agriculture. However, martial law is enacted and dissidents are jailed. The propaganda campaign is continued, comparing the state of traditional Japanese villages and contrasting them with Sino–Korean cities. Sino–Korean products are marketed and sold for subsidized prices. Ma Raya continues promoting Butterfly by appearing in several regional performance theatres, many selling out within a week. Ma Raya goes on a second vacation to Latin America (after visiting Iberia and Aztlán), this time to Gran Columbia. The Seoul Entertainment Company is contracted by the government to produce a propaganda film justifying the Sino-Korean conquest of Japan, and portraying them (through past conflicts) as warmongers. With the Seoul Entertainment Company diversifying into other niches, the small Tianjin Studios debuts another trot vocal group, "Wong Liu Tsong and the Dragonesses", producing their songs on a similar formula as the Jade Shards and the Jeju Girls have previously done. Their debut single, "Ladies Don't Like Nathanites", is critically acclaimed for its humorous and comedic tone, and as well as by Chinese and Korean Catholics. As a result, their debut EP, "Duchesses of Tianjin" is turned into a full studio album, which reaches Number One on the Albums Chart. Educational attainment rises, with increasing enrollment into imperial universities. Rapid industrialization and economic modernization continue. China–Korea continues to produce large quantities of textiles, synthetic dyes, steel, as well as machinery and construction materiel. Telecommunications and railway lines are built. With heightened demand, the production of armaments once again increases exponentially, with the manufacturing of repeating rifles and their carbine derivatives, field artillery, machine guns and their respective ammunition.
    • Tibet (protectorate): Civic buildings are constructed in the capital of Lhasa, which is inhabited by ~20,000 residents. Sedentary living is encouraged, with the little available arable land being intensively cultivated. Major crops include wheat and rye. A garrison of a single brigade (~5000) is stationed there, armed with Needle Rifles.
    • Altishahria (protectorate): More mining facilities are opened in Aksu, exploiting the Tarim Basin's mining resources. Lucrative minerals such as soda, borax and jade are the country's main exports to China–Korea. In addition to grains, cash crops are grown, specifically grapes, melons, pears, and walnuts. There is a ranching boom, with many former pastoralists establishing enclosures for livestock. The main product is wool (from sheep), with processing facilities established in the capital and other major cities as preparation for further processing in China–Korea's textile mills. Korla becomes Altishahria's largest city due to continuous migration and its position as a major break-of-bulk point, with a total of ~200,000 inhabitants (one-tenth of the total population). As a result, the Altishahr government relocates there and various civic buildings are constructed. A garrison of two divisions (~20,000) is stationed there, armed with Needle Rifles.
    • Dzungaria (protectorate): Civic buildings are constructed in Ghulja, which is inhabited by 20,000 residents. The nationalized Dzungar Oil Company increases the scale of their operations in the area, constructing multiple oil mines and refineries. In addition to supplying energy to northwest China, the company also provides kerosene for street lamps as well as other industrial chemicals via distillation. A garrison of 12 divisions (~120,000) is present, armed with Needle Rifles. The bulk of this military force is stationed in the Dzungarian Gate, which is heavily fortified due to its position as the sole overland entry point into Western China.
    • Dai Viet (protectorate): Under the guidance of China, the Vietnamese economy and government structure are radically reformed. The peasantry are taught techniques and granted capital to improve their cultivation methods – thereby boosting productivity. Cultivation of coffee and the raising of shrimp and fish for commercial purposes (mainly for export) continues and is highly successful. In addition, small-scale cultivation of tobacco commences but focuses on quality rather than quantity due to the inability to compete with European possessions in the industry. The border with Burgundian Champa is fortified with trench lines and a fortress. The number of Sino–Korean troops stationed in Dai Viet is at ~100,000 as well as ~50,000 Vietnamese troops.
  • Scandinavia: Bear Island is sold to Vinland for six million Vinlandic krona. No more purchases will be made. A referendum is made to change Scandinavia's name. An expedition is sent to colonize northern Canada and the rest of Greenland.
  • Aztlán: With hostilities rising along the Texan border, the government officially attempts to turn out any Texans distributing Syndicalist propaganda. Of course, the system isn't perfect and some propaganda (including by word of mouth) gets through. Aztlán attempts to deliver a warning to the Texan government to de-fortify the border or face economic consequences. A call to the Pan-Arcadian Congress is given to attempt to quench these sudden, unbased hostilities. (PLAYER RESPONSE!)
  • Republica Ibérica: The rise of Nathanite groups in Iberia is kept to a minimum by the largely popular Democratic Social Catholics and their leader Lorenzo Iglesias. The movement, which has long represented the deep religiosity in Iberia manages to absorb the less extreme of the Nathanite movements while isolating the most die-hard organizations. The party which long advocated for the church and social support for the poor already holds many of the Nathanites core values, and prevents any outright dissidence or violence. Understanding their importance, the leadership of the Democratic Social Catholics works diligently to prevent any of the violence seen in France, and Lorenzo Iglesias himself reaches out to Cardinal Nathan asking him personally to preach peace. Regardless, the party and the vast majority of its followers remain committed to the ideal of “secular government with Catholic practices.” Meaning that the Iberian Constitution should remain an irreligious document, but that the Iberian government ought to act in alignment with the social ideals of Catholicism. The Guardia Nacional is maintained along the border and the Second Corps also deployed. There they make repairs to the Pyrenean Line which had been somewhat neglected. Additionally, new machine gun nests are built to improve the defensives. The national reserve of 500,000 is also placed on alert, and goes through extensive drills to restore fighting strength. The population is estimated to be 51.75 million. Science, research and development come to dominate Iberian higher education. In Barcelona, Alberto Enciso continues researching several of the mysteries of electromagnetism and light itself. Roads are rebuilt across Iberia with an emphasis on future proofing automobile travel, the first sections are built throughout the north where car ownership is higher. The roads are built from concrete and are expected to last well and be well insured against future developments in automobile technology. Carlos Martín and the Iberian Sun Power Company develop more uses for the solar thermal systems, including power generation in the Balearic Islands where coal is expensive, as well as in Iberian colonies. The shipyards of Catalonia are in full swing completing the second classes of the Iberian semiannual ship orders. The Beria-class is completed and they enter service. The home fleet is kept in Iberian national waters due to the instability in Europe.
    • Republica de Morocco: The national census estimates the population to be 11.33 million. The economy of Morocco continues to grow rapidly due to Iberian investment and technical aid. Due to the advent of solar power, it has become clear that Morocco will be able to develop improved sources of power. Wages hover at just about 90% of those in Iberia, but are rising. The steel industry expands rapidly as does the rail network. Phosphate production develops as a major sector of the Moroccan economy as does the synthesis of phosphorus fertilizer. Agricultural mechanization along with water conservation and management projects led to aggressive growth in the agricultural sector. Reformist Maghrebi Islam spreads with government support. After the decades of conversions, the sect now includes nearly 49% of the population. Culturally, the population has become more liberalized, with increasing importance placed on personal freedoms. Meanwhile, the educational reforms of the previous few years have contributed to rising literacy. With literacy and education on the rise, Iberian becomes a common second language, and a major language of commerce in Morocco. Although it is not part of the mandatory curriculum, many Moroccans voluntarily learn it through classes offered after school. The Moroccan army is increased to 200,000 due to the growing population and high tensions. These troops are equipped with modern Iberian arms and weapons.
      • Dependencia de Algeria: The population of Algeria reaches seven million, and of these, 3.36 million are European. Algerian migration to Morocco continues en masse to escape the poverty of interior Algeria. The interior economy remains very poor with limited adoption of modern technology. Meanwhile, along the coast and in Mostaganem there is rapid development as European migrants implement modern farming, manufacturing, and financial methods from their homes.
    • Antillas Ibéricas: The colony continues to enjoy the profits of salt and sugar production. Educational reforms spread as the government promotes literacy and basic mathematics.
    • Indias Orientales Ibéricas: The colony continues to enjoy the profits of spice and rubber production. Educational reforms spread as the government promotes literacy and basic mathematics.
    • República Africana Ibérica: The republic continues expansion efforts along the Sahel north of the French holdings in West Africa. Gold and other minerals constitute the major economic sector in Senegay. Aluminium production grows this year and port facilities are modernized to facilitate its export.
  • Kingdom of Burgundy: With the fall of the legitimate French government, the XVII and XXII Bands are recalled from their positions before they can be overwhelmed. The Army is authorized to man the modernized fortifications along the border. With rumblings from the Rhineland, it is decided key crossing points across the border will be manned for the time being. In an emergency session of the States-General, the assembly confirms the Constitution of the Kingdom as a secular document, as prescribed in the Declaration of the Rights of Citizens. Given the Declaration and Constitution both guarantee the freedom of worship, the government has neither the authority nor the will to monitor what the Nathanites perceive as blasphemy and heresy. The battleships SMS Karolingien (SS-30) and SMS Ivrea (SS-31) are commissioned as the last ships of their class. Meanwhile, four ships of the Graflech Bourgogne-class battleships are laid down, with a fifth planned for next year. The Navy and Army quietly begin replacing their lyddite-filled shells with shells filled with TNT. In Lan Xang and Cambodia, in accordance with Burgundy's end of the protection-filled shells agreement, military advisors begin reforming the respective Royal Armies into modern fighting forces, and Luang Prabang is chosen as the site of a defensive fortress. A road network connecting Lan Xang, Cambodia and Champa begins construction with the aim of bringing the three states closer together.
  • Imperial Swahili Federation: We continue colonial expansion in Northern Somalia, in the south and in the Malindi and Mombasa area. Colonization increases as medicine and weaponry become more widespread. Agricultural modernization continues in Swahili. Further industrialization continues. Several cities in Swahili have slowly become centers of industrial output. DeLorean is again invited to work in Swahili. Ten cruisers are ordered in Swahili shipyards. Swahili decides to enter the 1904 Olympic Games.
    • Buha: Several ports are constructed along the Great Lakes while more soldiers are sent to garrison Buha. Swahili advisors begin to see modernisation within Buha.
  • Kingdom of Egypt: Prime Minister Omar Ismaili makes a public speech in Alexandria that basically defines the kingdom’s economic policy for the next few decades: “for the next few decades, Egypt shall undergo a mass industrialization campaign in which we will commit all our resources to bringing Egypt into the modern age. All citizens of Egypt shall devote themselves to this goal and they shall do it with heart.“ We continue to construct factories all over our major cities such as Alexandria, Giza and Alia. Our revision of Suez City continues as planned, as we build “temporary villages” for the Suez populace to live in while we make their city new. Numerous modern structures are built in the place of old traditional buildings, modern technologies are introduced to help build up the city, and more docks are built. Ismaili’s goal for all of this is to bring Egypt into the modern age by the 1940s, and to make Suez City a modern port that ships can stop at for a break. Propaganda is spread throughout the rural areas of Egypt in order to encourage migration to the cities or to buy modern tech. Vehicles continue to become popular throughout the kingdom, with the king even owning one, which only increases the number of cars sold each year. By the end of this year, 100 factories have been added to Alexandria, with those factories filling up with workers fast.
  • Borealia: We express agreement with Aztlán at the Pan-Arcadian Congress that Texan propaganda and militantism is uncalled for. Sanctions are placed on the state, and we call all members to follow suit until Texas ends these practices. We dispatch a fleet to our joint naval base in Maryland to monitor the situation, and also as part of our ongoing efforts to help Maryland establish its navy. In sports it is proposed that the city of Tenochtitlán in Aztlán host the 1914 Arcadian Games. We also continue our own preparations for the 1904 Olympic Games, with work on the capital's infrastructure and security ongoing. The development of the airplane continues, with several new designs being tested by the military and the Westen Brothers at Wilmington. Elsewhere, other entrepreneurs get involved as well, creating alternate designs. The most advanced craft thus far, the Westen VIII, makes history when it is flown across the English Channel. As a result Willem Luyt orders the creation of a flying school to teach the first generation of pilots how to operate these crafts. With the First Mechanized Brigade finding success in the south of the nation against insurgents, the military increases funding. An upgraded version of the army's armored car, known as the GA3-Minerva, is produced. We also offer to sell enough cars to Burgundy to outfit their first brigade. After over a decade of research, the navy decides to expand the number of submarines greatly, with a new design being implemented. The new submarine class is known as the C-class. Each ship will be approximately 44 meters in length, powered by a 600 hp (450 kW) Visser petrol engine, and a 200 hp electric motor, reaching speeds of about 12 knots when surfaced. The class will be capable of reaching 1500 nautical miles at seven knots when surfaced, and will be armed with two 18" (450 mm) torpedo tubes. Eight C-class ships are laid down this year, which will bring the total number of submarines in the navy to 38 by the end of 1904. The navy also dispatches a group of submarines, engineers and researchers to Burgundy, to jump start their own submarine research. The English continue to be moved or deported, with as many people assimilated as possible. The number of Englishmen allowed to move to Vinland is capped at 400,000, while Avelskamp is capped at 300,000 and Bovenstland at 500,000, so as not to overwhelm these places.
    • Aztlán Dip: Aztlán gladly accepts the suggestion of hosting the 1914 Arcadian Games, and plans to begin preparations in 1908. Aztlán decides to move 30,000 men to within 100 miles of the border to defend against a possible surprise assault by Texas, and proscribes any trade of armaments to the Texan state.
  • Vinland: The Vinlandian army is expanded to number 90,000 men in nine divisions. The Second Division is stationed in Greenland. Vinland begins the construction of a new city in Greenland to serve as Greenland's new capital. The city is going to be called Grönköping literally meaning Greenville.
  • Brésil: Backed against a wall, Francis converts to Nathanism, enacting prohibition and pledging to combat forces of liberalism.
  • Holy Kingdom of France: Although initially successful in being able to defeat and forcefully collapse the French Empire, the problem of being able to properly rule the state and to keep relative peace has surfaced. A large number of French nationalists and republicans have begun to speak out vocally against Cardinal Nathan's rule, and in turn have faced some sort of supression whether it be imprisonment, torture or simply being murdered. The lack of proper and sustainable laws, high corruption under the Nathanites, and prohibition of alcohol and other forms of luxury drugs such as tobacco cigarettes, has brought about a revolution against a revolution. Although the Second French Civil War had been between the religious and atheists, the tertiary revolution has moved into being politically motivated in terms of either wanting or being against reform. As Cardinal Nathan's ruling had severly damaged the economy by means of the starvation rate rising and the French currency being inflated, many loyal members under Nathan's ruling have begun to defect to the reformist front. The reformists declare the United French Republic, a democratic republic with relaxed speech laws and Catholicism being the only legal religion allowed. Large military conflicts begin, and with the mass addition of machine guns and more advanced artillery, casualties begin to rise rapidly as large cities such as Paris, Orleans and Tours begin to face mass destruction. Due to the defensive positions much of the Nathanites have made, the use of artillery has begun to "shell shock" much of the army, leading to small mutinies and other defections.

1903

In Poland a coup breaks out in support of the Nathanites effectively ending the Syndicalist plans in the country as the many cells across Europe launch their own attacks without the leadership of Poland. Syndicalist attacks in Austria, France, Rhineland, East Germany, and Spain spark three-way brawls between Loyalists, Syndicalists and Nathanites. Some clashes such as the ones in Spain and Austria are rather bad as it forces the military to become involved. While in France it remains isolated cells stealing territory from both sides of the growing French civil war.

Russia continues to downsize its military to a much smaller professional force specifically to play on its defensive focus of being able to trade land for time to train more professional troops in the long run in the case of a war.

Japan elects to defend the home islands as best they can and with a rather modern ground based military and the inability of Belkan and Chinese naval fleets to target shipping from other European great powers the Japanese are able to raise nearly 500,000 extra soldiers. However, the arrival of the first Belkan field troops in Japan in support of the Chinese does strike some fear, with the Imperial Diet knowing fighting China and Belka for an extended period of time to be a fool's errand. The next battles look to decide the political context of the war as the Japanese hope to hold in order to maintain a better political outlook following the end of the war.

Through a series of smuggling of reformist books, literature and other means, a small number of Syndicalist and Transitional Marsanist-Communal protests begin to appear across the Belkan Empire, primarily in Belgrad and Sofia, even going as far as Bucharest and OTL Istanbul.

  • Brésil: With the Nathanites holding power, Theodore goes into hiding. He (SECRETLY) establishes cells of anti-Nathanists. Syndicalists are contacted, offering reform in return for support against Nathanites. This is all kept very small-scale, with extreme caution being exercised, so as not to make it known to more than roughly 100 individuals (END SECRET). A totally legit trading company called the Aegean Sea Company is started, headed by an individual named Robert Blunt, who has so far refused to appear in public, or give an interview. A New Bordeaux warehouse is purchased by him, and ships bearing the Belkan naval insignia are seen weekly unloading there. Francis authorizes an increase of the naval budget fivefold, unveiling a plan to add seven battleships and 32 accompanying ships, projected to be complete by 1910. A report published by the New Bordeaux Worker's Journal points to a resurgent Syndicalist movement in response to Nathanist reforms. It also outlines a growing industry of "beer-smuggling", where rancheros carry loads of beer through the jungle, to Brésilian cities, making a profit from addicted Brésilians aged 16-32 and 40-53. Due to increasing competition from Ali Bakr motors, the New Bordeaux Motor Society petitions the government for a tariff on Egyptian cars, which is passed.
  • Great Empire of China–Korea: The number of troops operating in Japan doubles (to ~650,000), in order to counter the surge in Japanese troops. A number of merchant vessels are fitted with low-caliber guns for defense, and many are recruited as rudimentary troop carriers. The Northern Fleet is divided into three squadrons (each consisting of two battleships, two or three cruisers – including armored cruisers, eight or nine destroyers, six or seven frigates), with the first going to the Tohōku Region, the second stationed in Busan, and a third to serve in the Seto Inland Sea. Kyushu (with Fukuoka being fortified with trench lines and fortresses, due to its strategic location) is well-within Sino–Korean control; as is Taiwan. The number of troops stationed in Taiwan is 50,000, while in Kyushu it is 100,000 (with one-half in Fukuoka alone). The army now begins an offensive into Shikoku, and though Sino–Korean forces vastly outnumber their Japanese counterparts, heavy support from the Imperial Japanese Navy results in only 60% of Shikoku being occupied. The port of Matsuyama is fortified (in a similar manner to Fukuoka), to ensure the Seto Inland Sea is under control of the Sino–Korean Navy. Coaling stations are built in major ports to ensure prime operation. However, Sino–Korean strategists recognize that an attempted invasion of the Osaka Bay would end in failure, due to the sheer amount of fortifications built there and naval resistance. As a result, the military pioneers a policy of conducting naval raids in Osaka and artillery bombardment from Matsuyama, while continuing to push into the eastern third of Shikoku. Despite heavy resistance in the South; the army sees success in Northern Honshu. About ~300,000 troops are sent to swiftly conquer the Tohōku Region, which quickly falls. Expecting a Japanese counter-offensive due to its proximity to the Great Kantō plain (the heart of Japan), Sendai is fortified, and a series of light fortifications are built to the border with the Kanto Region. A smaller force accompanied by a small 15-boat fleet headed by a single battleship is sent to conquer with Hokkaido, and due to its isolation from Japan, 60% of it falls under Sino–Korean control. Within occupied territories, the propaganda campaign continues, portraying Japan as under an oppressive authoritarian government and in dire need of foreign intervention. In addition, to prevent societal collapse, peasants are taught more advanced agricultural methods to boost production amid the war, and generous rations of grain and foodstuffs are given. A basic rural healthcare network is established to limit outbreaks of disease, and to aid mothers in birthing their children. In addition, while martial law is in effect, education remains compulsory. As a measure of goodwill, many promising individuals are given scholarships to prestigious Sino–Korean Imperial Universities. While firearms are seized and arsenals are destroyed, civil infrastructure is emphasized to facilitate recovery post-war. Ma Raya hastily works on her new studio album, with its name being publicly released. Tianjin Studios grows into a major competitor for the Seoul Entertainment Company, due to the spectacular success of the Wong Liu Tsong and the Dragonesses. Their songs incorporate stringed instruments, reviving the popularity of the musical formula used in the 70s and 80s prior to the influence of Russian R&B. They release their second and third singles, "How I Love You So" and "Your Smile", which hits Number One and Number Two respectively (the latter being blocked from the top position by the former), with the former being in the top ten for 26 weeks while being in the top spot for 14 weeks. Educational attainment rises, with increasing enrollment into imperial universities. Rapid industrialization and economic modernization continue. China–Korea continues to produce large quantities of textiles, synthetic dyes, steel, as well as machinery and construction material. Telecommunications and railway lines are built. With heightened demand, the production of armaments once again increases exponentially, with the manufacturing of repeating rifles and their carbine derivatives, field artillery, machine guns, and their respective ammunition.
    • Tibet (protectorate): Civic buildings are constructed in the capital of Lhasa, which is inhabited by ~20,000 residents. Sedentary living is encouraged, with the little available arable land being intensively cultivated. Major crops include wheat and rye. A garrison of a single brigade (~5000) is stationed there, armed with Needle Rifles.
    • Altishahria (protectorate): More mining facilities are opened in Aksu, exploiting the Tarim basin's mining resources. Lucrative minerals such as soda, borax and jade are the country's main exports to China–Korea. In addition to grains, cash crops are grown, specifically grapes, melons, pears, and walnuts. There is a ranching boom, with many former pastoralists establishing enclosures for livestock. The main product is wool (from sheep), with processing facilities established in the capital and other major cities as preparation for further processing in China–Korea's textile mills. Korla becomes Altishahria's largest city due to continuous migration and its position as a major break-of-bulk point, with a total of ~200,000 inhabitants (one-tenth of the total population). As a result, the Altishahr government relocates there, and various civic buildings are constructed. A garrison of two divisions (~20,000) is stationed there, armed with Needle Rifles.
    • Dzungaria (protectorate): Civic buildings are constructed in Ghulja, which is inhabited by 20,000 residents. The nationalized Dzungar Oil Company increases the scale of their operations in the area, constructing multiple oil mines and refineries. In addition to supplying energy to northwest China, the company also provides kerosene for street lamps as well as other industrial chemicals via distillation. A garrison of 12 divisions (~120,000) is present, armed with Needle Rifles. The bulk of this military force is stationed in the Dzungarian Gate, which is heavily fortified due to its position as the sole overland entry point into Western China.
    • Dai Viet (protectorate): Under the guidance of China, the Vietnamese economy and government structure are radically reformed. The peasantry are taught techniques and granted capital to improve their cultivation methods – thereby boosting productivity. Cultivation of coffee and the raising of shrimp and fish for commercial purposes (mainly for export) continues and is highly successful. In addition, small-scale cultivation of tobacco commences but focuses on quality rather than quantity due to the inability to compete with European possessions in the industry. The border with Burgundian Champa is fortified with trench lines and a fortress. The number of Sino–Korean troops stationed in Dai Viet is at ~100,000 as well as ~50,000 Vietnamese troops.
  • Kingdom of Burgundy: Five of the Graf Kotte-class battleships are commissioned and are organized into the VI Battle Squadron. Four battleships of the Grafleche Bourgogne-class are launched, with a fifth planned for next year. Despite this, the Navy secures an order for four ships of the Grafleche Bourgognes successors, to be named the Elsass-class, which ditches the 6” guns typically used on previous battleship designs in favor of a complete secondary battery of 9.4” rifles. The order comes not without criticism, however. Admiral Jan Fëscher, who has been conducting his own evaluation of naval combat in the ongoing Sino-Japanese war, puts forward an internal document concluding that future naval battles will take place at longer ranges than current battleships are designed for, and that a uniform large-caliber main battery on a fast hull would be the ideal design. Submarine construction continues, and several Burgundian naval bases, such as Bonapaartstad in Patagonië, Nieuw Groningen in Burgundian West Africa, Kapstad in the Kap Karel Colony, and Singapore receive new facilities to allow submarines to be based. A request is sent to Borealia to allow advisors to help in the establishment of a Burgundian Royal Air Force. Meanwhile, the VI Battle Squadron, where the last active duty ironclad battleships are, is recalled from the Mediterranean Fleet so their ships can be decommissioned. The III Battle Squadron is sent to replace them. The battleship SMS Sizilien, the former British HMS Lord Johnson captured at the battle she was renamed for, is kept from the scrapyards as a museum ship alongside the SMS Verwoester in the growing Hoorn Naval History Center. In Lan Xang, construction of the Luang Prabang strategic fortress continues, and the Lan Xang and Cambodian militaries see further modernization. OTL New Caledonia is claimed for Burgundy as Nieuw Batavia.
  • Borealia: The Smit Motor Company decides to adopt the name of its most popular product, renaming itself to Minerva. The GA3-Minerva is highly successful against insurgents across and around the border, prompting the government to enlarge each mechanized squadron to 12 armored cars, and to expand the number of squadrons to four within the next several years. Meanwhile, the company begins a secret contract with the military to also research new ways to deliver artillery to the front. The company looks into the use of continuous track, which at this time are already being used for civilian applications, such as on log haulers and tractors. Minerva creates a drivable prototype for an armored car driven by continuous track. They then begin work on replacing the car's main armament with a small artillery piece, creating the first prototype for a tank. The military begins heavy funding to see the concept expanded upon, however, the project at this time needs considerably more development before it can be implemented. The Westen IX is created early this year, with several planes of this model being created. The project at Wilmington receives nationwide fame when a handful of planes are used along the border in a skirmish with insurgents. Initially for reconnaissance, one of the pilots, Coenraad Wintgens, opens fire from the air with a pistol. Over the course of the rest of the year several Westen IX's and a few Westen X's are created. The military decides to create an independent branch for air-based united, creating the Borealian Air Force. The experimental airplane and steppen units are consolidated under this branch, with Willem Luyt being promoted to its first commander. The base at Wilmington becomes its temporary headquarters, with the airfield, research department, and flying school all seeing expansion. Luyt begins creating a general staff and planning the creation of the nation's next air force bases. Based on the nation's plan for land defense, Luyt orders the creation of a network of airfields all along the nation's borders, creating airfields near Harrisburg, Pietersburg, Niagara, Volendam, Koebec, Lelystad, Emmen, Ventersburg, and Slagstad, as well as a plan for bases around major cities in the center of the nation. There is also a plan put in place to reserve land outside all major cities for future expansion, while a large airfield and overall headquarters is constructed at Sint Jan. Hendrik Steppen's company begins the first routine transportation by air, with its first flight transporting passengers from Bilzen to Philadelphia. Construction of the C-class of submarines continues, with another ten being laid down this year. The Fourth Fleet, stationed in western Maryland, is expanded and outfitted with the first squadrons of submarines. They are tasked with protecting the waters of Maryland, Kuba, and Aztlán from hostile attack. Another expedition is sent to Antarctica, and this time Johannes Eduard successfully reaches the South Pole. The government decides to formally claim the territory that Borealian explorers and scientists have been traveling to since 1882, as well as a series of outlying islands that Schuver visited during his trip around the southern continent. The territory of the Eduard Islands is created (OTL South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands), with an outpost/whaling station named Kanbeslaan being founded. The Eenzaam Islands territory (OTL French Southern and Antarctic Lands, excluding the Indian Ocean territory) is also created, named for Eduard's main ship. The Progressive candidate Claes Roosevelt, a distant relative of the influential Burgundian, is elected Prime Minister. Under Roosevelt the government decides to launch a colonial expedition to the Pacific via the Panama Canal, in order to extend Borealia outside Arcadia for the first time. The region north of New Batavia and south of the Russia and Japanese territories is formally claimed by the government (OTL Vanuatu, Santa Cruz Islands, small parts of Fiji, and Solomon Islands), and a small fleet and detachment of soldiers is dispatched to enforce these claims. A base is established at Vilahaven (OTL Port Vila), and later in the year 500 people, one-half of which from New Zealand, settle at the port. A penal colony is created, with hundreds of Borealians, including Anglo-Borealians, are relocated to the colony. Also to solidify control in the area the government offers to purchase the small French claims in the northern OTL Soloman Islands (French response).
    • Aztlán Dip: We appreciate the help in guarding our waters, but it seems to be a long stretch of water to guard. We believe it would be much easier for both parties if we just guarded our own waters. We also offer to buy some armored cars from Borealia. (PLAYER RESPONSE!)
  • Aztlán: The country begins to see more modern technology incorporated into its military this year, including some machine guns and armored vehicles. An attempt is made to combine these two inventions, but the first attempts fail, resulting in the car tipping over in the machine gun mounting process. Later in the year, though, progress is made on mounting the behemoth guns, but research is still in its rudimentary stages and will be continued. This year, Aztlán begins to recover from its recent aluminium shortages, and more ships are put onto the waters. Seven small flotillas are constructed, each measuring about 48 meters and equipped with two broadside 10 cm gun turrets. Another behemoth battleship is set into the harbor, bringing its brethren to four, and comes at a whopping 220 meters, with three broadside guns firing 25 cm bullets. Texas is advised to try to keep tensions at a minimum and avoid any conflict.
  • FS of Arcadia: The first car company has been founded with the name being Victorovich Co, with their first produced model. This car is partially built with automation although most parts are made by a group of skilled workers. The Esquilo Party and their military wing hold a march to the ruins of the old capital of Sinkyone and Wituye. They practiced some religious rituals with one ritual being the sending of a handmade wood-burned canoe with eggs upstream never to be seen again. They also did some target practice to show their willingness to go to war. With the Arcadian Republican army holding a mass training exercise with their first Arcadian Artillery - although small in numbers their power counters it. The army focused on mobility and the ability to surround the enemy without loss of supplies for themselves. In the town of Verburg the first motorglider club has been founded, it has been founded by rich young engineers who want to experience danger and test their ability to engineer. Their reason for joining this motorglide club is to show their influence, wealth, bravery and to show off to women. As a landing strip they use a hardenend flat dirt road, and for their motorgliders they use wooden frames with canvas over them and some small light paddles for steering.
  • Kingdom of Egypt: Prime Minister Osmar Ismali continues the kingdom’s industrialization campaign, declaring that now we will also focus on becoming self-reliant in military tech and begin making arms factories on a massive scale. Arms factories are produced in Alexandria and Giza, as these are seen as our “war cities” with many of the top ranking commanders and soldiers being from these cities, along with these cities giving the most support during war time. We continue to use propaganda as a tool to advertise the ongoing industrial revolution in Egypt, and encourage people in the rural areas to move into the city and get jobs as factory workers. The automobile continues to expand in popularity as it becomes a more convenient way to travel. (More to come)
  • New England: The work to rebuild our nation carries on. By this time a series of new roads has been created in the north of the nation spanning several provinces. This network is used by insurgents and soldiers eager to attack the border regions with the northerners. A local group of insurgents in the Great Lakes decides to surprise attack Vinland by passing over the lake and through Avalon. They plan to weaken this state and hopefully persuade the weak northern state to disavow Borealia. The government offers trade and cooperation with Vinland if they do so. In the mean time Communist sympathesizers take the Midwest by storm with help by the Texans. Insurgents begin training south of the border where our government forces are unable to stop them, and they move into western Savannah and parts of New England. This is matched with rising Nathanite presence as well. Many people blame the lull in New Englander power on rampant alcohol consumption as a factor, and they become a growing faction.
  • United French Republic: With more territory now under the hands of the reformed and transitional Nathanites and Republicans, the legitimacy of the UFR is official. A new constitution is adopted, featuring elements followed by the reformists (from last turn), and in addition, new political parties and a new Congress are set up, to which is seen as a new means of communication and political influence for all factions current and allied in the Civil War. Due to popularity, the transitional Nathanites hold the largest political influence, while in contrast, much of the younger population has favored the Republican party. In terms of conflict against the Most Holy Kingdom of France, the large number of defections in the Nathanites army has resulted in their near defeat in Aquitaine, and on October 31st, 1903, Cardinal Nathan is confirmed killed in the crossfire between the Nathanites and Republicans in the city of Bordeaux while trying to escape the collapse of the city. With his death be reported across all of Europe, the remaining Nathanite followers fall like dominoes and either give up or leave to Iberia. With this declaration of Civil War over, the recent emergence of the Syndicalism is seen as a drag and after allowing for the creation of a Syndacalist-based political parties and organizations, are seen to have "died down" in terms of violence, primarily because most of the working population agrees for labour reform, and wanting to propel France into good standings and wanting to also stopping all infighting, most of the reforms are passed as mandatory labor and working laws as to please the workers. The sun shines on the new republic, as construction efforts begin and unemployment decreases due to much of the actual population working and re-generating the economy post-Nathanites.
    • Guinée Française: The French-Guinée population stands at 9.5 million, with 6% of the population speaking Japanese, 38% speaking French and the remaining speaking the original language of the island. However, the French language is soon implemented as a semi-mandatory language to study in school, in an attempt to turn the French language into a majority rather than a plurality. Industrial mining equipment is incorporated into the general process of mining gold and copper ore, while cash crops like cocoa and coffee beans become key in agriculture. The capital city, Port Durand (OTL Port Moresby), is worked on in terms of modernizing infrastructure and building more roads. A militia is created, standing at 105,000, using older French modeled weaponry from the 1880's. Expansion is made in the OTL Solomon Islands. The offer made by Borealia is denied due to the Solomon Islands having been claimed and further colonized since the 1870's, therefore it being rightful French land.
    • Nigéria Française: One of the primary states of the now defunct French West African Republic, French Nigéria continues to be a superb example state for French Africa, and continues to thrive in agriculture and the mining of tin and iron ore. The population census reads 31.4 million. Nigéria's national militia stands at 200,000, using older French modeled weaponry from the 1890's, with recent additions including some of the earlier model versions of the modern machine gun. By now, most of the population speaks French and with the large emigration into Nigeria due to the civil war, a large ethnic French population exists on the coast.
    • Mali Française: One of the primary states of the now defunct French West African Republic, French Mali continues to feature somewhat forced labor as the mining of gold continues to reign supreme in the economy. The population stands at 21.3 million. The local militia, comprised primarily of French servicemen that have integrated into the Malian society and stand more as enforcers than an actual military, stands at 105,000.
    • Dendo Française: One of the secondary states of the now defunct French West African Republic, French Dendo continues to be settled and expanded. The region remains either agricultural or stands as a primary trading point between Mali and Nigeria.
    • Sikasso Française: One of the secondary states of the now defunct French West African Republic, French Mali continues to feature somewhat forced labor as the mining of gold continues to reign supreme in the economy. The population stands at 16.5 million. The local militia, comprised primarily of French servicemen that have integrated into the Malian society and stand more as enforcers than an actual military, stands at 125,000.
    • Namibie Française: One of the secondary states of the now defunct French South African Republic, French Mali continues to feature somewhat forced labor as the mining of gold continues to reign supreme in the economy. The population stands at 15.1 million. The local militia, comprised primarily of French servicemen that have integrated into the Malian society and stand more as enforcers than an actual military, stands at 125,000. 
    • Cape de la Colonie Française: One of the primary states of the now defunct French South African Republic, French Mali continues to feature somewhat forced labor as the mining of gold and diamonds continues to reign supreme in the economy and allow for the colony to be overtly rich. The population stands at 14 million. The local militia, comprised primarily of French servicemen that have integrated into the Zulu society and stand more as enforcers than an actual military, stands at 115,000.
  • Republica Ibérica: Lorenzo Iglesias, now the Prime Minister is appalled by the violence across Iberia. In a speech before parliament, he makes it clear his disappointment, “Iberia, is and, so long as there remains power vested in me, will remain a nation of moderation. Extremism, of all brands, Sydicalist, Nathanite, Marsanite, Authoritarian, none will creep into this nation built so firmly on compromise. It is for this reason that I have authorized the Second Corps of the Guardia Nacional to work ceaselessly until the roots of these vines of extremist ideology are pulled from Iberian Soil and cast out.” With that, the second corps of the Guardia Nacional is redeployed from the border to suppress the fighting that has plagued the streets of Iberian cities. In Barcelona, the most affected city, the combatants in the two factions descend from brawls into full scale war. Both sides, armed with a variety of older weapons, take to the streets of the largely industrial city. After a week of riots, protests, and violence, the Fifth Division of the Second Corps of the Guardia Nacional enters the city. Nearly 2000 are arrested and there are casualties on all sides as the armed Nathanites and Syndicalists attempt to hold out against overwhelming odds. The government announces a ceasefire, and demands the surrender of the faction leaders. Seeing their cause as lost in Catalonia, the Nathanites surrender. However, the Syndicalists refuse. A firefight follows, and sees a dozen Syndicalists killed, as well as nearly 30 government troops. The remaining terrorists are arrested. The arrests led to a series of counterstrikes across the nation as supposedly “capitalist” buildings are attacked with explosive devices. Public opinion, which had been at least somewhat sympathetic to the Syndicalists, turns against the terrorists, and a national investigation begins. Dozens of suspected Syndicalists are arrested. Unions begin formally renouncing Syndicalists policies, in an effort to protect their own image from the stain that now grows on Syndicalism in Iberia. Without public sympathy, Syndicalists groups across the nation are exposed and their networks collapse into chaos. The population is estimated to be 52.27 million. Science, research and development come to dominate Iberian higher education. Alberto Enciso flees the chaos of Barcelona to Madrid where he continues his work in relative safety. Roads are rebuilt across Iberia with an emphasis on future proofing automobile travel, the first sections are built throughout the north where car ownership is higher. The roads are built from concrete and are expected to last well and be well insured against future developments in automobile technology. Carlos Martín and the Iberian Sun Power Company develop more uses for the solar thermal systems, including power generation in the Balearic Islands where coal is expensive, as well as in Iberian colonies. The shipyards of Catalonia are in full swing constructing the third classes of the Iberian semiannual ship orders.
    • Republica de Morocco: The national census estimates the population to be 11.63 million. The economy of Morocco continues to grow rapidly due to Iberian investment and technical aid. Due to the advent of solar power, it has become clear that Morocco will be able to develop improved sources of power. Wages hover at just about 91% of those in Iberia, but are rising. The steel industry expands rapidly as does the rail network. Phosphate production develops as a major sector of the Moroccan economy as does the synthesis of phosphorus fertilizer. Agricultural mechanization along with water conservation and management projects led to aggressive growth in the agricultural sector. Reformist Maghrebi Islam spreads with government support. After the decades of conversions, the sect now includes nearly 49% of the population. Culturally, the population has become more liberalized, with increasing importance placed on personal freedoms. Meanwhile, the educational reforms of the previous few years have contributed to rising literacy. With literacy and education on the rise, Iberian becomes a common second language, and a major language of commerce in Morocco. Although it is not part of the mandatory curriculum, many Moroccans voluntarily learn it through classes offered after school. The Moroccan army is increased to 200,000 due to the growing population and high tensions. These troops are equipped with modern Iberian arms and weapons.
      • Dependencia de Algeria: The population of Algeria reaches 7.1 million, and of these, 3.45 million are European. Algerian migration to Morocco continues en masse to escape the poverty of interior Algeria. The interior economy remains very poor with limited adoption of modern technology. Meanwhile, along the coast and in Mostaganem there is rapid development as European migrants implement modern farming, manufacturing, and financial methods from their homes.
    • Antillas Ibéricas: The colony continues to enjoy the profits of salt and sugar production. Educational reforms spread as the government promotes literacy and basic mathematics.
    • Indias Orientales Ibéricas: The colony continues to enjoy the profits of spice and rubber production. Educational reforms spread as the government promotes literacy and basic mathematics.
    • República Africana Ibérica: The republic continues expansion efforts along the Sahel north of the French holdings in West Africa. Gold and other minerals constitute the major economic sector in Senegay. Aluminium production grows this year and port facilities are modernized to facilitate its export.

1904

Solace here, hate me. Enjoy.

Vand, slow down with the military advancements in Borealia. Thanks.

Border disputes, and in some cases violent attacks, among ranchers and farmers along the Aztlán-Texas border begin. This fuels some anti-sentiment across both states.

Due to the massive influx of Nathanites and transitional Syndacists from Europe begin pouring into Arcadia and Laurentia, protests and riots begin across Borealia and the FS of Arcadia. The riots reach a height when military defectives begin giving military-grade weapons to the Nathanites and Syndicalists among the Arcadian states, who use these to "claim" territory within each country and declare separate Holy Kingdoms.

Syndacist political movements begin to appear across the United Kingdom. They become popular very quickly due to their promises of labor reform. Same thing with Belka.

The Holy State of Brésil is declared after the disappearance of King Theodore. In response, many of the anti-Nathanite cells begin violently reacting, re-igniting the slow burning Brésilian Civil War as the Syndacists join the fighting to simply collapse the state and rebuild it in their vision. This infighting between sides has resulted in lower popularity for King Theodore.

Scandinavia, through trading and self-industrialization, has come into the limelight of being an industrial state of northern Europe. Their military is also advanced.

Austrians and Czechian politicians begin lobbying for independence from the Belkan Empire. They are supported by the new generation of citizens.

French Nathanites in Burgundy begin to push for political reform centered around the Nathanite ideology.

Some Vietnamese rebellions in Burgundian Champa begin, primarily to end Burgundian control over the state and restore the original way of life they had before the Burgundians came.

Russia continues high military spending on new equipment including bolt action rifles, machine guns and field artillery while increasing training for its military.

In spite of the death of Cardinal Nathan he is a martyr to the cause.

  • Republica Ibérica: Lorenzo Iglesias, having defeated the extremists for now searches for a way to pull Iberian society back together. He finds the solution in Africa. Iberia and Prussia have had colonies in close proximity in South West Africa for decades now. However, the recent conquest of the former Swahili colonies in South West Africa have created a new issue. Swahili settlers hold claim to a significant swath of land which is granted to Prussia under the Conference of Belgrad. The discrepancy has seen multiple intrusions of Prussians on Iberian claimed lands, and with tensions high, Prime Minister Iglesias sees the excuse he need to rally the nation. The Iberian Expeditionary Force is deployed to the Iberian held colonies in the region, numbering 100,000 men, armed with light machine guns, and the technically superior Sandoval Model 1894 Lever-Pinion Rifle. The Iberian Ambassador in Berlin delivers a formal declaration of colonial war, in accordance with the Conference of Belgrad. Shortly after, the 100,000 men of the IEF enter the Prussian held southwest Africa colony. The Iberian Navy is placed on maximum alert and deployed to prevent any Prussian intervention. The population is estimated to be 52.79 million. Science, research and development come to dominate Iberian higher education. Alberto Enciso returns to Barcelona, where he discovers his workshop thankfully unharmed. Despite all of his trials, the scientist publishes three groundbreaking and fundamentally revolutionary papers. The first, “On a Heuristic Viewpoint Concerning the Production and Transformation of Light” establishes the discrete nature of energy in the photoelectric effect. The second, “On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies” establishes the principle of Ensico’s Theory of Special Relativity. The third and final paper, “Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?” establishes the fundamentals of mass-energy equivalence, fomenting the equation: E = MC^2. Roads are rebuilt across Iberia with an emphasis on future proofing automobile travel, the first sections are built throughout the north where car ownership is higher. The roads are built from concrete and are expected to last well and be well insured against future developments in automobile technology. The improvement of roads, as well as a tariff on automotive imports, allows both the Herrero Motorworks and the Correia Motor Company to explode in popularity. Both companies are demonstrating large profits. Correia Motor Company develops a new automobile, the Model 3, which is built using an assembly line technique. This allows the company to market the car as a “Automobile for the Masses.” Carlos Martín and the Iberian Sun Power Company develop more uses for the solar thermal systems. Solar home heating becomes a major branch of the company, and solar water-heaters are installed in the Prime Minister’s residence. The shipyards of Catalonia are in full swing constructing the third classes of the Iberian semiannual ship orders. Additionally, construction begins on the Maximiliano Zapico Stadium, named after the famed founder of the modern republic.
    • Republica de Morocco: The national census estimates the population to be 11.87 million. The economy of Morocco continues to grow rapidly due to Iberian investment and technical aid. Due to the advent of solar power, it has become clear that Morocco will be able to develop improved sources of power. Wages hover at just about 92% of those in Iberia, but are rising. The steel industry expands rapidly as does the rail network. Phosphate production develops as a major sector of the Moroccan economy as does the synthesis of phosphorus fertilizer. Agricultural mechanization along with water conservation and management projects led to aggressive growth in the agricultural sector. Reformist Maghrebi Islam spreads with government support. After the decades of conversions, the sect now includes nearly 50% of the population. Culturally, the population has become more liberalized, with increasing importance placed on personal freedoms. Meanwhile, the educational reforms of the previous few years have contributed to rising literacy. With literacy and education on the rise, Iberian becomes a common second language, and a major language of commerce in Morocco. Although it is not part of the mandatory curriculum, many Moroccans voluntarily learn it through classes offered after school. Moroccan agitators begin a campaign for more representation in the foreign policy of Morocco.
      • Dependencia de Algeria: The population of Algeria reaches 7.28 million, and of these, 3.62 million are European. Algerian migration to Morocco continues en masse to escape the poverty of interior Algeria. The interior economy remains very poor with limited adoption of modern technology. Meanwhile, along the coast and in Mostaganem there is rapid development as European migrants implement modern farming, manufacturing, and financial methods from their homes.
    • Antillas Ibéricas: The colony continues to enjoy the profits of salt and sugar production. Educational reforms spread as the government promotes literacy and basic mathematics.
    • Indias Orientales Ibéricas: The colony continues to enjoy the profits of spice and rubber production. Educational reforms spread as the government promotes literacy and basic mathematics.
    • República Africana Ibérica: The republic continues expansion efforts along the Sahel north of the French holdings in West Africa. Gold and other minerals constitute the major economic sector in Senegay. Aluminium production grows this year and port facilities are modernized to facilitate its export.
  • Vinland: The Vinland army begins to hunt the vile insurgents and asks Borealia for help (BOREALIAN RESPONSE). Meanwhile, Bear Island and Jan Mayen are merged into one province to help the small population there.
  • Kingdom of Egypt: The Kingdom continues its industrial revolution. A new technology in introduced to Egyptian factories: Air Conditioning; now factory workers work in even better conditions then previously. Speaking of working conditions, we pass new labor laws that require all workers in Egypt to be allowed two 30-minute breaks every day, and the worker may choose when they take these breaks, workers must also be allowed a one-hour lunch break and all factories must have air conditioning and be sanitary. We use the education system to teach the new generation of Egyptians about factories, and why becoming an industrial worker would be beneficial not to just you and your family, but your nation as well. Egyptian boys are taught how to work basic factory equipment and. The construction worker is also advertised throughout the nation as we stress the importance of being able to build up the infrastructure of the nation, and that the construction worker makes a very high salary, this makes construction boom in popularity. We build more and more factories throughout our major population centers, and also begin building much smaller and more cramped factories in the villages of Egypt, along in fishing villages around the Nile. The automobile becomes more and more common in Egyptian society as the industrial revolution continues. We begin developing major arms factories, producing modern weaponry based on Belkan models along with Italian models, and we send our military trainers and top officers off to Belka to learn how to properly use modern firearms in which when they think they are ready they will come back to take a test, if they fail the test they will have to go back to Belka to take a longer time to learn how to use a modern firearm and the strategy that comes with it. If they pass the test they get to train new recruits. We continue to grow papyrus, flux, cotton, and tobacco and begin to sell them to the European market. We offer the nation of Borealia to sign a trade agreement, in which we will trade them our cash crops (papyrus, flux, cotton, and tobacco) for wood, coal and any other valuable resource you have. (VANDENHOEK RESPONSE NEEDED!!). We officially ban child labor on all levels, and begin to crack down of businesses that use children as their main source of labor. We hold the next Rugby Commonwealth Championship in Alexandria. The Muhammad Ali Dynaaty is very large and everywhere. Most Copts in Egypt continue to stay loyal to the Coptic Church, which is aligned with the Catholic Church. Suez City continues to be revised as we focus on making it into a modern port; a majority of its buildings and homes have been built but much more work needs to be done. Factories are built in Tobruk, to help build up this ancient historical port into a modern city.
  • FS of Arcadia: The government response to the rebellious acts, the Civic Militia gets momentary power to take in anyone's gun licenses if they are suspected to be Syndicalists, Nathanites or supporting any other rebellious act. The detectives who gave the military grade weapons have been sacked from their power for an unknown amount. With these illegal rebellious deeds the federal government signs "the rebellious acts, illegal arming and unlawful separatist decree" into the constitution which founds the Geheimdienst von Arcadia (Gediva), this secret police gets the power to investigate individuals and to detain them if there is a reasonable chance that they would commit second or third degree treason. The border guards also get some new and refined uniforms and weapons and not to forget some tools to be able to identify people easily. With this, the first land defense line is built on the eastern border which is a system of towers and trenches combined with barracks and telecomunication hubs. This defensive line is called the Hanzer Line. The Arcadian republican army also asks Burgundy and Belka if they are willing to sell new modern artillery for the professional army and if they will also sell the gear that is old and not in use. (Player response). General of the Oriental Seryye Vincent Neri, A native Providence inhabitant and an important administrator and politician until he had to flee due to the civil war - which was closing in on his residence and the capital. After fleeing his country and joining the Providence Legion Neri began to perfect his Standard Arcadian German and even some Mzerkan. His experience in the FSA did change him a lot since he could get this hands on banned or non-printed books about Providence and its government and mostly the Emperor. Some Generals and general staff of the ARA who are members of the "Coalition against Syndicalism" begin to make him become the main figure and leader of their Plan to overthrow the Providence government due to the CAS fear of Syndicalism spreading in the wake of the providence instability. Since they believe if Syndicalism spreads to the FSA that it will ruin the norms and worths their republic is based on. The CAS begins to fund 344,739 Arcadian Franks (€15,000) per month to Neri and to his soldiers. During this time the glider clubs gain members with - in total - having 49 members who fly and many others who fund the motorgliding sport to improve its power and diversity.
  • Imperial Swahili Federation: We continue colonial expansion in Northern Somalia, in the south and in the Malindi and Mombasa area. Colonization increases as medicine and weaponry become more widespread. Agricultural modernization continues in Swahili. Further industrialization continues. Several cities in Swahili have slowly become centres of industrial output. Four battleships are received from Belka, named SBS Zanzibar, SBS Mogadishu, SBS Mombasa and SBS Sofala. The four battleships, ten cruisers, eight destroyers and 20 frigates of Swahili form the first Swahili Grand Battlefleet. Electricity arrives in Swahili, with a hydroelectric plant being planned on the Zambezi River. A/C Electric lines are laid in the Zanzibar-Dar es Salaam urban area, as well as Mogadishu, Aliwa and Mombasa. Thanks to the significant iron and coal resources in Aliwa and Swazi, the cities of Chimoio and Soweto slowly grow to become the industrial centres of the South.
    • Buha: Swahili advisors begin to see modernisation within Buha. A railroad is being constructed to connect Zanzibar with Buha.
  • Kingdom of Hawaii: With Syndicalism now having a threat in Hawaii Queen Lydia Liliʻuokalani orders to send 15,000 volunteers to Arcadia in order to help the Arcadian government fight back against the Syndicalist menace. The Hawaiian Army is expanded to 400,000 men as more men are recruited by the Hawaiian government to help protect Hawaii from any Syndicalist threat. The Hawaiian government also sends a request to the Burgundian government as we would like to purchase some battleships in order to modernize our navy (Player Response Needed). With Japan nearing collapse the Hawaiian government declares war on Japan as the Hawaiian Fleet moves into Japanese waters in order to prepare the invasion of Japan's possessions in the Pacific. Queen Lydia sends diplomats to China in order to propose a military alliance with the powerful empire as Hawaii also sees the Japanese Empire as an aggressive authoritarian government.
  • Borealia: Our conflict against insurgents continues in the border regions of our nation, and across the border. We send soldiers and aid to the protectorate Vinland to ensure that they are able to repulse the attacks leveled against them as well. This year there is a particularly large scale battle in southern Allegheny in which poison gas is deployed at our defensive line. A secret network is discovered that insurgents were using to transport over the border, leading government troops to raid the nearby towns aiding the rebellion. As a result a large number of insurgents and English sympathizers are killed. At the same time the Nathanite movement arrives in the nation, although in small numbers. The majority of the Nathanites gain legitimacy in the public's eyes when they create a political party focused on reforms. The Nathanites manage to gain majorities in several parts of the country, while elsewhere they help to reshape the Progressive Party, currently the majority and leading reformist group. Those attempting to create breakaway nations within the state are crushed by the military, who are already well accustomed to combating insurgents in the nation. As they are already a niche political group, and are spread thin across rural areas, none of the Nathanite micronations last more than a year. Several more radical Nathanites do go into hiding, however, creating a group of armed, dissident protesters, known as the "Sovereign Citizens", for their contrarian interpretation of the law. Although the Sovereign Citizens are small in number and mostly confined to rural areas, a few notable examples make the national news. A man is pulled over for driving recklessly in a car near Roduins, claiming that he cannot be arrested for driving when he was "traveling" instead. A court does not rule in his favor. The Department of Transportation is created this year. One of the agency's first acts is ordering that a suitable land be set aside all major cities for the creation of future high speed rail systems, should the technology progress in the future. A new, direction route railway is to be constructed using the current high speed technology, connecting the "Northeast Corridor". The second ever high speed railway opens in Nova Belgica and Bovenstsland. We agree to meet with Egyptian officials and create a trade agreement. We agree to the cheap importation of their goods in exchange for the sale of coal and other requested resources. Ali Bakr is allowed to open factories and sell within the nation, simply paying the regular foreign tariff, and in exchange Egypt must allow our nation's automobile industry to open factories and sell within Egypt. Four older armored cars are gifted to Aztlán for free. A deal is proposed, that should Aztlán agree to uphold Borealia as their sole armored car/automobile provider, we will allow military vehicles to be sold to the state, in order to boost their military. This year several older battleships are sold to Guyana, Maryland, Kuba, or Vinland, and we also offer to sell ships to Aztlán. The government continues its mission to establish a base in the Pacific. We receive word from France and respect their claims, leaving the Soloman Islands to them. The Colony of Vanuatu, meanwhile, sees settlement from Borealians, Burgundians and New Zealanders, as well as a number of deported Anglo-Borealians. A fort is constructed to guard the settlement at Vilahaven, and a small number of soldiers and ships are permanently relocated there. In the Atlantic Johannes Eduard leads another expedition, hoping to claim several lands for the nation. The islands of Saint Helena and Ascension are explored and claimed, with a settlement named Rooseveltia being created. This is followed later in the year by Tristan da Cunha, Trindade and Martim Vaz, Saint Peter and Saint Paul, Rocas Atoll, Fernando de Noronha, Isla Vermejo, and Bouvet Island, all of which being unclaimed, uninhabited and very small islands. This year the Olympics is hosted in our capital Sint Jan, to much praise from the people of the city. Security is heightened in the city, with all transportation and public places being heavily monitored. In sports the nation does exceedingly well. Additionally, the Olympic rugby matches prompt many sports officials to consider the creation of a World Rugby Cup, based on the Belkan Empire's sporting event. Meanwhile, from a small workshop in Greece, DeLorean receives word that the Swahili seek to hire him. This is rejected, as he plans to soon move back to his home if possible.
    • Egypt agrees to allow Borealian companies to invest fully in Egypt, but of course with Foreign Goods tax.
  • Great Empire of China–Korea: The number of troops operating in Japan increases to ~800,000. Hokkaido is fully occupied by ~25,000 Sino-Korean troops. A force of 400,000 troops is amassed in Tohoku, and begins a southward thrust into the Kantō Region; breaching the hastily built defenses and inching nearer to the capital of Tokyō. Meanwhile, troops in the Southern front (collectively numbering ~350,000) are placed on the defensive, with military officials deciding against attacking the heavily-fortified Osaka Bay Region. Matsuyama continues being fortified. With about one-half of the population now under Sino–Korean control (24 million out of 47 million), and the collapse of Japanese public and army morale due to the seizure of many important ports and the disruption of agriculture, the government issues an ultimatum against Japan demanding surrender under China–Korea (JAPANESE RESPONSE). The terms of peace are that:

1) Japan will grant a 50-year re-lease on Fukuoka; 2) Taiwan, Ryukyus and the Cheondoryeol islands will be detached from Japan; 3) Territories south of Taiwan will be given to Belka; 4) The Japanese military will be capped at ~250,000 during peacetime; 5) Japan will grant both China–Korea and Belka favourable trade policies; 6) China–Korea will station a garrison of ~20,000 in Tokyo to protect Sino–Korean interests.

China–Korea will also pledge to aid Japanese economic development, transition to democracy, and to provide military aid. In addition, China–Korea will provide reparations to civilians affected by war and offer to provide grain for a period of five years following the ratification of the peace treaty. With the success of the war effort, a feeling of intense national pride is felt all across the nation, with the pacification of what was perceived to be a potential rival, and the consolidation of China–Korea's position as a global power. Ma Raya releases her album Rainbow, with singles "Why Must You Break My Heart?" and "Thank the Heavens" reaching Number One. However, the limited release of "Cherry Blossoms" and "Can't Take That Away" (which held very personal content) causes her to break from the Seoul Music Entertainment, eventually signing to Tianjin Studios. Educational attainment rises, with increasing enrollment into imperial universities. Rapid industrialization and economic modernization continue. China–Korea continues to produce large quantities of textiles, synthetic dyes, steel, as well as machinery and construction material. Telecommunications and railway lines are built. With heightened demand, the production of armaments once again increases exponentially, with the manufacturing of repeating rifles and their carbine derivatives, field artillery, machine guns, and their respective ammunition.

    • Tibet (protectorate): Civic buildings are constructed in the capital of Lhasa, which is inhabited by ~20,000 residents. Sedentary living is encouraged, with the little available arable land being intensively cultivated. Major crops include wheat and rye. A garrison of a single brigade (~5000) is stationed there, armed with Needle Rifles.
    • Altishahria (protectorate): More mining facilities are opened in Aksu, exploiting the Tarim basin's mining resources. Lucrative minerals such as soda, borax and jade are the country's main exports to China–Korea. In addition to grains, cash crops are grown, specifically grapes, melons, pears, and walnuts. There is a ranching boom, with many former pastoralists establishing enclosures for livestock. The main product is wool (from sheep), with processing facilities established in the capital and other major cities as preparation for further processing in China–Korea's textile mills. Korla becomes Altishahria's largest city due to continuous migration and its position as a major break-of-bulk point, with a total of ~200,000 inhabitants (one-tenth of the total population). As a result, the Altishahr government relocates there, and various civic buildings are constructed. A garrison of two divisions (~20,000) is stationed there, armed with Needle Rifles.
    • Dzungaria (protectorate): Civic buildings are constructed in Ghulja, which is inhabited by 20,000 residents. The nationalized Dzungar Oil Company increases the scale of their operations in the area, constructing multiple oil mines and refineries. In addition to supplying energy to northwest China, the company also provides kerosene for street lamps as well as other industrial chemicals via distillation. A garrison of 12 divisions (~120,000) is present, armed with Needle Rifles. The bulk of this military force is stationed in the Dzungarian Gate, which is heavily fortified due to its position as the sole overland entry point into Western China.
    • Dai Viet (protectorate): Under the guidance of China, the Vietnamese economy and government structure are radically reformed. The peasantry are taught techniques and granted capital to improve their cultivation methods – thereby boosting productivity. Cultivation of coffee and the raising of shrimp and fish for commercial purposes (mainly for export) continues and is highly successful. In addition, small-scale cultivation of tobacco commences but focuses on quality rather than quantity due to the inability to compete with European possessions in the industry. The border with Burgundian Champa is fortified with trench lines and a fortress. The number of Sino–Korean troops stationed in Dai Viet is at ~100,000 as well as ~50,000 Vietnamese troops.
    • Occupied Japan: In order to muster hatred for the Japanese government, a propaganda campaign continues, portraying Japan as under an oppressive authoritarian government. Grain is shipped from the port of Busan, while medical officials are sent to prevent outbreaks admist the warfare. In addition, while martial law is in effect, education remains compulsory. As a measure of goodwill, many promising individuals are given scholarships to prestigious Sino–Korean Imperial Universities. While firearms are seized and arsenals are destroyed, civil infrastructure is emphasized to facilitate recovery post-war. Taiwan is incorporated in China–Korea as its 22nd province - while the Ryukyus are declared an independent entity from Japan.
    • Japan accepts reluctantly.
  • Kingdom of Burgundy: Following an order placed by the Kingdom of Hawaii, three modified Grafleche Bourgogne-type battleships are laid down. The four battleships of the Elsass-class are laid down and one of them, the SMS Metz, progresses enough to be launched before the end of the year. Grand Admiral Vincent Eikenboom retires, and Queen Viktoria names Jan Fëscher to replace him. Fëscher immediately orders the creation of the Committee of Design, to finalize his vision of an all-big-gun battleship, although several key aspects have been agreed upon; eight 11” guns in two pairs of superfiring turrets, 12” armored belt, and steam turbine propulsion. The committee also begins considering an enlarged armored cruiser fast enough to serve as a scout, able to destroy enemy scouts, and armored enough to survive heavy caliber hits should they encounter enemy battleships. Fëscher also orders the retirement of dozens of old and outdated ships, freeing up the money used for their upkeep, and their crews for service aboard battleships, destroyers and submarines. In regards to the French Nathanites, it is stated unanimously by the States-General that while most of Nathanite doctrine is incompatible the secular Declaration of the Rights of Citizens, the social welfare aspects will be investigated to ascertain if it is feasible to implement. With word of the disturbances from the Vietnamese minority in Champa, several regiments of the Cham Army are sent to quell them. This on request from the Cham government, who see this as a threat to the restored Cham state. Laos and Cambodia continue to see rapid modernization of their armies, and Burgundian investment expertise has caused a sharp rise in industrialization. Adoption of the Burgundian style schooling system as allowed for universal education to be available for the first time in those countries, along with the rest of the Burgundian protectorates in Southeast Asia. In a general inspection of the protectorates’ capabilities, General Erik vun der Maas, the head of all Burgundian military operations in Southeast Asia, describes the protectorates’ armies as “tough, organized, well supplied, and disciplined, with tenacities that would give a tiger pause.” He credits their advancement with their Burgundian and Burgundian trained officer band (corps). He notes that the side effect is that the recruitment and training of the protectorates’ militaries has essentially created a separate caste within their respective societies. The Siamese King is sent a request to allow the construction of roads between Malaya and Lan Xang and Cambodia, to allow the easier movement of goods and trade between the countries of Southeast Asia (which would as a result directly benefit Siam). In return for allowing the road construction, Burgundy offers a contract to build two battleships to strengthen the Royal Siamese Navy (Mod response, please). In Groningen, Wëllem Heeren and the three Dahlmansen brothers - Artuur, Valter, and Wëllem - found the Heeren-Dahlmansen Motocycle Company.
  • Aztlán: The government denounces the recent uprisings in northern Arcadia, calling them "a needlessly violent struggle against governments open to reason." Preparations begin for the local ulama stadium in Tenochtitlan to be transformed into one for the Arcadian Games. Meanwhile, solutions are still being sought out for ice hockey. In military developments, one more battleship and eight more flotillas are completed this year. With tensions on the border tightening, 40,000 more men, along with the original 30,000, are marched to within 50 miles of the Texan border in case of a potential conflict, bringing the total number to 70,000. A few prototype armored machine gun cars are rolled to the front, but struggle to traverse the terrain. They will be behind the army if an assault is called.
  • New England: Prime Minister Joseph Stewart is gravely concerned by the situation across the continent. Ever since the Commonwealth War New England has been in a place of strength. With radicals running across the country whatever parts of the Military are mobilized. Stewart plans to flush out the ideologies which lay before him. His friend and party leader of the Conservatives Brian Truman also is able to pass several bills in Parliament to provide funding for industrial growth in the cities. These are mainly the cities of England (OTL Detroit and yes, I remember that event from centuries ago), Lakeview (OTL Chicago), Cleveland, Ohio (OTL Cincinnati), and New London (OTL Columbus). In the cities, Syndicalism, however, grows into workers unions which the local governments have to deal with. As for the Nathanite's, they find an ally with the Avalonian-New Englander Louis Coughlin. The new immigrants from Europe arrive in the cities who have to find jobs by working in the new factories built up. Sergeant John "Mad Jack" Custer founds the Anglican Party of New England. His idea stems from the loss and destruction of New England's pride following the Commonwealth War. He begins to attract followers steadily. These include people like Arthur Kennedy, Daniel MacMillan, and Trevor Halsey, and Steve Marriot. Custer heads the party from Scotsbourgh in the Province of Denver (OTL Charleston, West Virginia). Meanwhile, to end the devastation brought upon by the insurgency in Borealia and the blockade, Prime Minister Stewart offers a ceasefire on the diplomatic level to Borealia (Vand Rep). It is hoped that with the end of the blockade, foreign investors can come into New England and invest in the economy which can allow the nation to rebuild.
    • Borealian Diplomacy: We agree to lift the blockade and end any incursions against New England, as long as New England agrees to end its incursions, end its support for terrorist/rebellious/separatist groups, and to allow peacekeepers and the rest of the treaty to take place.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland: The nation begins heavy development in order to recover from recent losses. The memory of Arabia defeating the nation is still fresh and as such, the number of soldiers in India is greatly increased. The local Indian authorities are consolidated in part under one military leadership. This is to better coordinate attacks near India in the future. The navy sees some increase, as newer battleships are constructed. A number of older ships are also sold for scrap to save funds. We begin moving into the interior of Africa, establishing new protectorates. A large number of English-speaking men and women are set to settle these regions and establish proper cities.
    • Even though this turn is like ... really good, I don’t think you are allowed to post as the UK without permission from the mods, mainly scraw. - A concerned player
    • NVM, you’re good.
    • No, you aren't.
  • Belkan Empire: The small usage of Belkan troops in the war with japan (mostly occupational) and the end of Japanese imperialist tendencies in the area even with China claiming victory shows that China is a competent and powerful military ally and Belka reaffirms its alliance and Offers to sell three battleships to China at a discounted price. The further planned invasions of the Central African States are planned for 1906. The rise of further Syndicalism is defeated as the radicals call for a flash election. The Belkan radical movement effectively defanged earlier in the mid 1800's by the exile of Belka's radicals and the allowance of the moderates into the government (as well as many labor reforms already existing in the country itself) fails to spark a general movement toward further communism or Syndicalism. The Flash elections ironically push a few radicals out of the government which shows a general falling in radical Syndicalism and a push for Market Syndicalism and Autarky within the Syndicalists and Conservatives within the government. On top of this the Mobilization of the Belkan army in response to the chaos in Europe tones down possible rioting in the streets as many people understand that fighting the side that controls and organizes the extremely proffessional and powerful Belkan army is absolutely useless. The Belkan forces in Asia officially occupy the islands given over to it by China beginning to establish coaling outposts.
    • Chinese Diplomacy: We agree.
  • Syndicalist Republic of Texas: Some farmers move into co-operatives. Ranchers also do, but at a slower pace. This leads to greater economic effiency. To win over hearts and minds, this is not forced but rather done with incentives. Most companies are at least unionized, some small ones are fully owned by workers. The government builds cabin housing in the co—operatives. Also, armament co-ops are made to modernize the military. Most railroad companies are highly unionized. Private investment is nationalized. A five-year plan is made to industrialize further. John Burr dials down revolutionary rhetoric and instead adopts a “Syndicalism in one country” approach.
  • Scandinavia: Scandinavia and Vinland sign the Charter of Stockholm, which states that the uninhabited islands in Oceania will be split between the two. An expedition starts from Stockholm heading to OTL Kennedy Island. An exception is made about selling land to other parties. Half of Iceland and Svalbard are sold to Vinland. Nothing else will be up for sale.

1905

The Egyptian automotive industry continues to motor forward along with their expanding industry.

Prussia, Rhineland and Austria begin converting to Nathanism after Nathan's murder in France. Liberal reason and atheism is attacked by these groups as heretical.

The offer of a ceasefire with Borealia leads to rioting in New England.

Newspapers react in fear to the new Burgundian super battleships and calls are raised across Europe for them to build their own versions.

Britain begins their own plans to initially build five new super battleships.

  • Kingdom of Egypt: The kingdom continues its industrial revolution with 50 factories being built every day. Prime Minister Omar Ismali declares the creation of the Royal Archive of Egypt, and historical artifacts like ancient Egyptian text, paintings, film, photographs, and other pieces of Egyptian history begin to be stored here. The major political parties in Egyptian Parliament - the Royalist Party and the National Party being the majority in parliament - all begin adopting anti-Arabian sentiment, so does the rest of Egypt, seeing Arabia as a threat to Egyptian sovereignty and Egyptian influence. With the recent change in opinion of Arabia, we begin militarizing the border, and cut ties with Arabia, along with spreading pro-Egyptian propaganda on the border of Arabia, mainly in the Palestinian region, using the fear of the increasing number of Jews in the region in propaganda to help shift the populace’s opinions of Arabia to negative and of Egypt to positive, and to support Egyptian annexation of Palestine. The monument we made years ago showing the flags of Belka, Egypt, and Arabia with the portraits of the monarchs below it is demolished this year, citing it as a “Waste of Resources” and move the portraits and flags to the new Royal Archive. Mass industrialization increases as more and more factories are created. Propaganda continues to be used to increase the popularity of the industrial worker and to create more workers for the new industrial sector. Farmers adopt new machines to help them farm. Child marriage is outlawed. The king approves of new subdivisions for Egypt, as new Governates are created, which includes making Alexandria, the Capital, directly under the control of the government, also known as a “Directly Administered Municipality”. In schools, secular education is more prominent, while teaching children about factories and how factory workers do their jobs. We offer to re-establish relations with the United Kingdom as it’s been some time since the Arabian war of independence and most Egyptians have moved on from then (PLAYER/MOD RESPONSE NEEDED). Electricity becomes widespread in Egypt, as most cities see the instillation of power grids, the streets get lit up, houses use lightbulbs instead of candles or lanterns to light up their homes, and over all it brings more covinience to the lives of all Egyptians. Omar Ismali orders a small military parade to take place at a military base around Tobruk, with normal military uniform on and military weapons present at all times during the parade; the parade is being held so Ismali can Review what Basic Egyptian infantry divisions look like and what they use. After the parade, Ismali talks with the General Staff and comes to the conclusion that the army needs to decrease the number of cavalry units they have, and to add more modern weaponry such as machine guns, more modern Belkan weaponry, and more military vehicles. Mining increases rapidly in Egypt. We continue to sell cotton, flux, papyrus, and tobacco to the international market, including Borealia. We officially stake claim to the Palestine region. A statue is built in Alexandria called “Mother Egyptus”, and is a national personification of the Egyptian nation, and becomes very wide spread and popular. Camel Milk becomes a very popular beverage and cooking ingredient, with many coffee shops using it instead of normal milk to make new crazy drinks for customers to try. A new genre of music begins becoming popular in Egypt: Slavorabic. Slavorabic is a hybrid of traditional Egyptian music with more modern Slavic music from Belka; the music originated in the Belkan Controlled Port of Damietta, where much cultural exchange has occurred, in which a series of exchanges created Slavorabic music, and became very popular in Damietta and the surrounding area, it wasn’t until the late 19th Century and early 20th Century when citizens from the area around Damietta or from Damietta itself came to the big cities for jobs that they started spreading their “Slavgyptian” culture, most popular of which was of course: Slavorabic. The population is estimated to be around 20-25 Million people. Factories are told to start doubling the amount they normally make, and factory workers begin working longer hours. Meanwhile, a massive railroad construction project is launched, which wants to create a National Railway for Egypt. The numbers in the army begin to reduce with ex-soldiers eventually having to become factory workers. In order to compensate for the reduce in army size, parliament will pass a law next year that basically requires all boys 17+ to serve six months in the military of any branch.
  • Savannah: In the year 1905 the nation is set for a pivotal moment. There is much resentment after losing a recent war, so much so that many of our citizens volunteer yearly to take on the occupiers. The capital seeks to right the nation's finances, calling for a temporary decrease in spending in many sectors. There is discontent in the working class, with people mad at the foreign invaders, mad at the ineffective government, and mad at their conditions. Surrounded by the Texans and New Englander communist movements, the local Syndicalist Party sees major funding and supplies from foreign nations. A popular figure named Robert Lee becomes the voice of this group, and manages to lead the Syndicalist Party to an unprecedented victory in the 1905 election. The People's Republic of Savannah is declared, with all past relations being disavowed. Instead, Premier Lee offers an alliance with sister republic Texas (Texan Reponse!). There is a large scale increase in the army, which begins to crackdown on those opposed to the new regime. The capitol building is dressed in red, the color of the revolution. The old statues are toppled, and new ones created. In his state of the union address, Lee declares that Savannah shall unite and rule the continent, one nation liberated from the old world shackles. Forts are constructed along the southern and northern borders of the nation. The People's Army is stationed to defend the border. In the meantime fighting continues against the old guard. Texas agrees.
  • Kingdom of Burgundy: Presented the finalized design for an all-big-gun battleship to the States-General Navy Committee, and it is approved unanimously. The States-General as a whole approves the design in late January. Armed with eight 11” guns in two pairs of superfiring turrets and protected by 12" of armor, she’s set to make current battleships obsolete. Grand Admiral Fëscher, hoping to get the ship commissioned before other countries can effectively answer, set an ambitious one year construction schedule. As such, from February until August, large amounts of material are stockpiled in advance to smooth it along. The keel for SMS Dreadnought (named for Admiral Frans Wachts famous flagship) is laid on August 2nd in Kinnigleche Werft, Hoorn, regarded as one of the fasted shipbuilding yards in the world. Almost 3000 workers help in the construction, working double shifts to help the fast construction (this was preferable to the alternative, a 70-hour work week with compulsory overtime). By Day 6, the first of the bulkheads and most of the middle deck beams were in place. By Day 20, the front of the bow was in place and the hull plating was well underway. By Day 55, all of the upper deck beams were in place and by Day 83, the upper decks were in position. By Day 125 (December 5th), the hull was complete. Dreadnought is launched in splendid fashion in a ceremony attended by Queen Viktoria, her son Prince Frederik. The need to stockpile material to meet Dreadnoughts construction schedule means the construction of the four Elsass-class ships lag behind, though the last three manage to get launched this year. The five ships of the Grafleche Bourgogne-class are commissioned and immediately join the High Seas Fleets I Battle Squadron. It is decided to send the First and Second Battle Squadrons on a circumnavigation of the world, partially as a goodwill tour, partially to test the fleets handling of long-term, long-distance missions. The 16 battleships raise steam on December 16 and make their first stop in Lisbon, Iberia, staying a week before sailing on to Borealia. The press dubs them the “Great White Fleet” after the white painted hulls of the Navy’s peacetime paint scheme. The defenses of Lan Xang are just about completed, called the King Zakarine Defensive Line, they are up-to-date with modern Burgundian defense doctrine, and similar to the strategic defensive lines along Burgundys eastern and western borders. The “line”, while not a continuous series of fortifications like the Guise Line and Waterloo Line lining Burgundys eastern and western borders, respectively, guards strategic passes and choke points across the borders from China and Dai Viet, allowing a concentration of defending forces while being protected from flanking maneuvers by mountains and jungles impassible to armies of significant sizes. The strategic fortress of Luang Prabang is also completed. As it sits, 50,000 troops man the Zakarine line. Defensive structures along Champa are expanded and improved in response to the Chinese doing the same.
    • Egyptian Dip: We would like Burgundy to allow two of our admirals and some naval architects to visit Burgundy and examine the Burgundian Royal Navy in order to better Egypt’s own navy.
    • Burgundian Dip: The Egyptians are welcomed to visit the Burgundian Navy.
  • New England: John Custer's Anglican Party grows tremendously with the social unrest in the country. Prime Minister Stewart's popularity drastically drops following his agreement to the ceasefire terms. Thomas Funston establishes Fenrir Motors in England City and buys out a factory and produces the Model A automobile. The Stewart Administration begins to fall in popularity. Hunter Hughes, entreasure, millionaire, and inventor manages to achieve aircraft flight in the province of Missouri flying from a field in Saint George to an altitude of 500 ft all the way into the province of Lower Ohio (OTL southern Illinois). Custer sends his goons out of Denver to elsewhere in the country. Chapters of the Anglican Party are established in Norfolk, Lakeview, Ohio City, and Ashton (OTL Billings, Montana). James Clapton forms the New English Syndicalist Party and travels to Texas to study Syndicalism. Custer sends other party informants to Avalon and Savannah to meet with party leaders who advocate a Pan-Anglo state and spread Anglicism into the two nations. Custer leads a march on Scotsburgh to massive success with the political climate. Custer unveils the Anglican Party banner. The flag contains red and white stripes on the side, and inside a blue background and a circle of stars lays the Union Jack. The Treading Waters bill is passed in parliament in secret. People of the Hewlett (OTL Baltimore) and New Dover Naval Yards are contracted to build diesel electric submarines with designs coming from Andrew Fuller. With outside oceanic trade not an option, we send diplomats to the FSA to establish a trade agreement (Vinny Respond). The military is raised to an active 250,000 troops due to the rise of Syndicalism and civil unrest. Meanwhile, the local weapons company of Lakeview known as Goodman Arms hires Joseph Parker to develop a new rifle intended for police. The Goodman 1905 SL holds a five-to-ten round magazine and fires in Goodman .35SL caliber. With the blockade over, New English merchant shipping once again starts to operate on the high seas. Meanwhile, diplomats are sent to Avalon, Britain and France asking for an economic an possible military alliance (Mod Response).
  • República Ibérica: Victoria en África! Proclaim the headlines across Iberia as the occupation of the former Prussian colony in South West Africa is completed. Without a significant Prussian military response, Iberia offers peace. The Iberian demands are simple, the surrender of the Prussian colony in South West Africa. Prussian citizens living there will find their rights respects, and be allows to seek Iberian citizenship should they wish (Prussian Response Please). The population is estimated to be 53.31 million. Science, research, and development come to dominate Iberian higher education. Alberto Enciso, now renown for his discoveries, continues his work on relativity and publishes a fourth major paper on Brownian Motion titled “On the Motion of Small Particles Suspended in a Stationary Liquid, as Required by the Molecular Kinetic Theory of Heat." Roads are rebuilt across Iberia with an emphasis on future proofing automobile travel. The roads are built from concrete and are expected to last well and be well insured against future developments in automobile technology. The improvement of roads, as well as a tariff on automotive imports, allows both the Herrero Motorworks and the Correia Motor Company to explode in popularity. Both companies are demonstrating large profits. Correia Motor Company’s Model 3 becomes the most sold car in Iberia with nearly 1800 sold in the first year. Herrero, seeing the success of their direct competitor returns to its roots, selling luxury automobiles to the well-to-do at a significantly higher price. Carlos Martín and the Iberian Sun Power Company develop more uses for the solar thermal systems. Solar home heating becomes a major branch of the company, and solar water-heaters become the stable of the wealthy. The shipyards of Catalonia are in full swing constructing the next classes of the Iberian semiannual ship orders. Construction continues on the Maximiliano Zapico Stadium in preparations for the 1908 Olympic Games. Iberian technical observers in Burgundy, abiding by the Burgundo-Iberian Friendship and Cooperation Treaty, happen upon the Kinnigleche Werft shipyard, which is working on the new, and controversial, battleship Dreadnought. Questioning some engineers in the vicinity, they gather some basic information regarding an all-big-gun battleship. Although the concept had been floating around Iberian ship-design circles for some time, no ships had yet been proposed under that revolutionary premise. Having been informed of the proposal in Burgundy (to be clear no actual plans were obtained, only hear-say from engineers working on the project), Iberian naval architects begin considering the construction of an Iberian equivalent. A highly secret study is also initiated to examine the possible conversion of Iberian mixed-main-armament ships to the all-big-gun approach. The study is inconclusive, while such a conversion is possible, the sacrifices required to do so would be significant. The result of such a conversion would be a ship with either the main battery firepower of a mixed-main-battery ship with some minor armor improvements, or a ship with a larger battery that sacrifices endurance, speed or armor. This does present a possible option. Several older Iberian warships, namely the Andalucia and Navarre-classes, are already falling behind the standard for open ocean combat. Reports on the combat in the Sino-Japanese War has also shown that long-range engagements are becoming the norm in naval warfare. Thus, a new breed of Iberian battleship is envisioned, intended to defend coastal waters and free up the more powerful true battleships for deployment. The ships, smaller and more economical than most battleships are to be armed and armored as well as any true battleship, but sacrifice endurance. Engineers working on the project dub them “Coastal Battleships” owing to their very restricted range around 2500 nautical miles. It is decided, that rather than building new ships, the older Andalucia and Navarre-classes should be converted to Coastal Battleships and be refit with eight × 310 mm L45 Mk. V Naval Guns and improved armor for their superstructures and hulls where it can be done. A second turret is to be added to each aft of the superstructure replacing a significant portion of the coal bunkers with a new fourth magazine. Meanwhile, a new class of battleships, based on the all-big-gun form Burgundy has been exploring is to be constructed. Work begins this year on the class of all-big-gun ships armed with eight × 310 mm L45 Mk. V Naval Guns and the highest quality of hardened armor available. Eight ships are ordered, two in the all-big-gun layout, and six in a more conservative mixed battery layout. The all-big-gun ships are expected for delivery in 1906, with the other eight in 1907. The design and construction schedules are left as such that the eight conventional ship could be converted rapidly to the all-big-gun design.
    • Republica de Morocco: The national census estimates the population to be 12.15 million. The economy of Morocco continues to grow rapidly due to Iberian investment and technical aid. Due to the advent of solar power, it has become clear that Morocco will be able to develop improved sources of power. Wages hover at just about 93% of those in Iberia, but are rising. The steel industry expands rapidly as does the rail network. Phosphate production develops as a major sector of the Moroccan economy as does the synthesis of phosphorus fertilizer. Agricultural mechanization along with water conservation and management projects led to aggressive growth in the agricultural sector. Reformist Maghrebi Islam spreads with government support. After the decades of conversions, the sect now includes nearly 52% of the population. Culturally, the population has become more liberalized, with increasing importance placed on personal freedoms. Meanwhile, the educational reforms of the previous few years have contributed to rising literacy. With literacy and education on the rise, Iberian becomes a common second language, and a major language of commerce in Morocco. Although it is not part of the mandatory curriculum, many Moroccans voluntarily learn it through classes offered after school. Moroccan agitators continue the campaign for more representation in the foreign policy of Morocco, but Iberia, caught up in its war, fails to respond.
      • Dependencia de Algeria: The population of Algeria reaches 7.46 million, and of these, 3.79 million are European. Algerian migration to Morocco continues en masse to escape the poverty of interior Algeria. The interior economy remains very poor with limited adoption of modern technology. Meanwhile, along the coast and in Mostaganem there is rapid development as European migrants implement modern farming, manufacturing and financial methods from their homes. Iberians in Algeria begin petitioning for annexation by Iberia proper.
    • Antillas Ibéricas: The colony continues to enjoy the profits of salt and sugar production. Educational reforms spread as the government promotes literacy and basic mathematics.
    • Indias Orientales Ibéricas: The colony continues to enjoy the profits of spice and rubber production. Educational reforms spread as the government promotes literacy and basic mathematics.
    • República Africana Ibérica: The republic continues expansion efforts along the Sahel north of the French holdings in West Africa. Gold and other minerals constitute the major economic sector in Senegay. A major port is constructed at Dakar for the export of resources from the region. In addition, a rail-line in constructed to connect the interior to the coast. This is followed by another rail project built along the coast to solidify Iberian hegemony.
  • FS of Arcadia: The Vexilogical Society of Arcadia gets more federal and local power by communities wanting better flags and symbols for their towns and regions. The funding of the society getting a 500% budget increase with its budget now being 562,353 Arcadian franks. With the success of the society some in government begin to consider founding more societies to help certain scientific and technological Fields. The Vexilogical Society of Arcadia (VSA) also begins to discuss which animal should be the national animal of the Federated States of Arcadia, some want the national animal to be the eagle while others consider the chipmunk or even a deer as the animal of the Federated States. Viexologists of the VSA also request that all nations in Arcadia join the VSA do standardise and list all flags and symbols of the Continent.(Player responses) Growth of Arcadian Republican Army - it now consists of a total of a quarter-million soldiers, this excludes people in the Civic militia. With the Civic militia mostly consisting of unfit and older men they are fit enough to perform their duty as the Civic militia. Of the quarter-million ARA soldiers, 100,000 of them are stationed at the border of Providence. The esquillo, propetarian, republican, Christian's peoples and the democratic party of Arcadia all join the coalition against Syndicalism. This is due to the fear that Syndicalism and Marsanism can change and influence the Arcadian norms and worth.
  • Syndicalist Texas: the alliance with Savannah is welcomed. However, fears rise that capitalist powers will unite to destroy Syndicalism in a “world war.” Thus, rhetoric is dialed down. Also, we call on talks with Borelia and Arcadia (RESPONSE, PLEASE). The economic development continues, with workers agreeing on the share of resources in the co-operatives. Incentives to continue completion include awards (not like shit loads of cash, but bigger houses, larger beds, etc). Also, more cabins are constructed for farming and sewing co-ops. Unionized railroads are built. Factories are built to establish industry. Also a people’s militia is created to supplement the army. Movements to the co-ops are voluntary, but incentives are given. Literacy is taught in the co-ops, and free education is offered. Literacy rises. A state-owned electrical company is built, so some cities begin to get electricity.
    • Borealian Diplomacy: It is proposed that in the next Pan-Arcadian Congress Texas is welcomed to return. Borealia in particular offers an alliance, and is not against Texas' government as long as they honor their relations with Borealia.
  • Imperial Swahili Federation: We continue colonial expansion in Northern Somalia, in the south and in the Malindi and Mombasa area. Colonization increases as medicine and weaponry become more widespread. Agricultural modernization continues in Swahili. Further industrialization continues. With new found wealth, foreign influence and a rich artistic and cultural tradition, Zanzibar is slowly becoming the cultural center of sub-Saharan Africa and a major player in the African continent as a whole. Tradition Swahili Music has been modernised with Western instruments and musical theory and this Modern Swahili Music grows in popularity. Telephones are experimented with in urban areas.
    • Buha: Swahili advisors begin to see modernisation within Buha. A telegram line now connects Zanzibar with Buhumbura.
  • Borealia: The ceasefire with New England is accepted as long as the terms of their earlier treaty is accepted, namely that they will likewise end all incursions against us, end all support for insurgents, and allow peacekeepers within their borders. The blockade is lifted slowly. Our ships will continue to patrol those waters and prevent any smuggling into our territory, or clear insurgency activity, but will no longer attack-on-sight all New Englander vessels. These battle hardened fleets continue to be repaired and expanded, and stay on standby in the area. The government cuts any remaining ties with insurgents for the time being, although across the border there is little they can do to stop pro-Borealian insurgents already in action, or the communist rebels in New England. The total border wall across our border is completed, and we take this opportunity to expand it with new concrete barriers, machine gun turrets, and artillery. The total strategic defensive line is expanded, and will be manned at all times by a large garrison. All comings and goings across the border will be stopped or monitored closely, and so immigration to New England from our territory is still effectively zero. Along the border at certain intervals is the main fortresses, which will be staffed by intelligence and military personnel, artillery, cavalry, mechanized cavalry, and airfields as well as serving as a hub for railways to the border. The expansion project in the south leads to a large migration, as workers and employees are needed. Overtime several hundred thousand Burgundians arrive in southern Unamia and Allegheny. The Nausetian Exclusion Zone expands to include all of Nausetia, meaning at this time Nausetia (Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut) effectively have no English presence. Koebec follows similarly. A large number of Burgundians, English and prisoners are relocated to the colonies, especially the major islands in the Atlantic and Vanuatu, and then to isolated areas or friendly nations. In an attempt to turn a new leaf we extend diplomatic relations to Savannah, as they are less of a threat. A trade agreement is offered as the first part of the détente process. However, we continue to station a fleet in Maryland, and aid the Marylander military in expanding their defenses along the border. As part of our plan to aid the Vinland government in industrializing further, the railroads networks in the north of the nation are expanded into Vinland, with private investors creating new lines between major Vinland cities. The government also commissions the creation of lines from the strategic line through southern Vinland, to help them build a defensive line around the main parts of Avalon. After the SMS Dreadnought is launched we begin a massive revamping of our shipyards to accommodate orders from Burgundy of this kind. The first three one "dreadnought" style battleships is ordered in December of this year, being constructed in Sint Jan, Lelystad, and Breukelen. They will not be completed until July of next year approximately, and will likely not be commissioned until the end of 1906. Elsewhere the navy continues its plan to build destroyers, cruisers, and submarines. The navy starts this year with 38 submarines, which are moved into the fleet near New England. The navy launches an ambitious plan to double that number by the end of the decade, while also meeting a quota of at least three smaller ships per capital ship. A number of minelayers are also launched, to be used in case the blockade is reinstated. A slightly upgraded armored car, known as the Minerva GV5 Panter is produced, which becomes the main car for combat. Older Minervas are sold to Vinland, Maryland, and Aztlán. We offer to reaffirm or create alliances and/or trade relations with Texas, Scandinavia and Gran Colombia.
    • Burgundian West Africa (I do not own these, but Guy gave me permission to write about these for him): In Maneland the colonial administration at Vrijstad institutes a new tax on dwellings, which proves to be extremely harsh on the native villages of the region. The chiefs, unable to pay the high tax and sustain themselves, begin petitioning and later protesting the government. The so-called Hut Tax War lasts a few months, and results in several skirmishes. Eventually the natives are defeated, with several chieftains and warriors hanged or exiled. Governor Simon van der Stel ultimately resigns and is replaced by Joachim Janssens, who is more lenient on the native population. Several changes begin in Manelander society. First, the company De Beers, a Dutch-South African mining company, is granted a monopoly on the diamond mining in the colony, in addition to their many holdings elsewhere in Africa, including French South Africa. The company seeks interest from rich investors, namely the Vanderbilts of Borealia, sparking a major increase in the infrastructure of Maneland. Thousands of workers, primarily poor natives, become employed to work the mines. The first railroad in Maneland is also constructed this year, to aid in the process. There is a growing movement in the colony, inspired by Belka, to lower the exploitation of the natives. Their attempts to institute work safety laws are prevented, but they manage to gain support for the banning of domestic slavery practiced by the local African elites. In Nieuw Friesland the colony is largely split into two sections, the old Burgundian colony at Monrovia, and the Burgundian/Borealian settlements in the south, such as Joubertia and Pretoria. Governor Jan Tulbagh decides to bridge the gap by ordering the creation of roads connecting the two halfs of the colony. Although the majority of the nation is still heavily agrarian, the first forms of mechanization are implemented in some of the larger plantations, leading to higher exporting of rubber, sugar, iron, and other products. Athletes from Joubertia return home having competed in the Olympics for the first time at Sint Jan. Although the handful of athletes, who competed for Burgundy, did not fair extremely well, it inspires the mayor, a Borealian-born man named Johan Berkel, to invest in a football field and the creation of sports teams, in the hopes of bringing attention to the colony in an upcoming edition of the Burgundian Games.
  • Vinland: Due to the insurgency crisis the Vinlandic army is expanded to 110,000 soldiers. In addition, the garrision in Greenland and Jan Mayen is strengthened. The fortification line on the border with Avalon begins being constructed. Elections are held with Alfred Svensson winning the election. Vinland opens the St Olof Zoo where many rare animals - including the heath hen - are. Vinland buys 200 cars from Borealia and the VCS (Vinlandic Car School) is founded.
  • Aztlán: Venues for the 1914 Arcadian Games are selected this year, with the Ice Hockey planned to be held at OTL Tegucigalpa de Hidalgo. This year, 11 flotillas are constructed (four more in lieu of a battleship). The government decides to allow commercial and industrial districts to appear in the Exclave of Quilmes, so as to add to the prosperity of the port. Also, an offer to negotiate is relayed to the Syndicalist state of Texas, so as to try to calm tensions along the border. 40,000 troops are called home from the border so as to appear less aggressive.
  • Belkan Empire: The Empire in response to the Burgundian superbattleship launches the BES Impaler an all big gun design battleship which is coloquially known as a "Juggernaut" a new type of battleship in which the name is adopted quickly and making every former Belkan battleship obsolete as the Belkan navy redirects its funding en masse to developing these ships. Nine of these ships are laid down to be completed next year with upward of 15 more concretely planned and upward of 40 cautiously planned. The economy sees some more growth from the victory in Asia and the ability of Belka to control more trade from the New World to East Asia. The African colonies continue to expand and fill in much of the unoccupied or tribal territories. With the direct integration of the Turkish and Maghrebi territories the population stands at 124 million (with the added territories adding ten million and there being 14 million in natural growth from the last 15-20 years). The Belkan Strategic Line in Moldavia is completed stretching from the base of the Carpathians to the Black Sea. The Second line running from Trieste along the border to Hungary begins construction with an expected completion date in 1909. The construction of this is noted to be a major forward in Belkan doctrine into a defensive posture and the empire itself and its colonies are evaluated into potentially pushing into a war footing. Resources are evaluated as well with the need to for a strategic reserve of key war making materials being noted such as rubber, chromium, aluminium, and tungsten. On top of this, the Belkan army begins developing fully the Colonial armies into full fighting forces with each Colonial army being put under a leadership command under an elite Belkan division. This creates the Belkan Central African Army, Zaire Army, East Africa Army, Burma Army, and the Tondo Army. They are all expected to be trained to a much higher degree than previous colonial troops. Some of these colonial states such as Tondo and Burma are noted to be much more loyal due to prime investment from the homeland, and the Belkan empires ability to create a thriving economy which has increased the standard of living in these colonies. Tondo itself is noted to be a model colony with nearly 300,000 Belkan citizens coexisting peacefully with the natives and it being the most profitable and productive colony specifically for its key exports. Burma, as well, is noted as a rather model colony as, alongside Tondo, it has seen its strategic industries and infrastructure expand dynamically and in a large fashion. The railways through Africa, also after decades of construction, finally link up this year with the railway running from Tunis to Kanem, down into Zaire and Gabon and then over into Ethiopia and past the Great East African Lake (Lake Victoria.) The connection here gives Belka unprecedented control as the mainline African garrison of nearly 500,000 in Maghreb is able to deploy to hotspots on the African continent in short order. However, rather than see integration attempts like Maghreb, the Belkan government takes a commonwealth approach with a possible attempt at responsible government to be appointed into these colonies that show promising growth and economic output being able to contribute to the Commonwealth as a whole. In a show of good faith, Turkey is given a commonwealth status due to lack of revolt and its decent economic growth and acceptance of Belkan investment. This is potentially - in large - fear of the state being swallowed by Arabia if it had been independent otherwise.
  • United French Republic: The United French Republic continues to progressively improve as reconstruction efforts continue around the nation, primarily in Bordeaux and Occitania. As more automobiles are produced, sold, distributed, etc, roads and highways begin to be improved as more factories are built across the state. Working conditions improve, in addition to employment rising post-war. In the first time in centuries, the French population falls below the Iberian population, stagnating and even declining slightly around 50 million. Defensive lines are updated. The navy sees large expansion, as older ironclad models are replaced with more powerful, artillery-filled, and overall devastating destroyer-type warships. Wanting to improve upon the use of trench warfare, as to lessen French casualties in the case of war, the military budget is increased, and after some testing, prototypes failing, and other obstacles, the Gauthier-Delage Modèle 1905 (OTL FIAT-Revelli Modello 1914) is created, produced and remains stocked in case of war. Other modeled machine guns, like the Fusil-Mitrailleur Modele 1905 (OTL Fusil-Mitrailleur Modele 1915 CSRG) are created (albeit supporting a ten-round case rather than the 20), and the handgun Brunissement Modèle 1905 (OTL Browning Model 1910) are created for bettering close combat efficiency. French merchants begin to publicly and casually use the unlimited port access offered by Persia years ago. Investments are made there. The African states continue to operate normally as scheduled. The French territory in Indonesia is fortified, in addition to Guinea. The alliance made with Burgundy and its former states is retracted, primarily because of the instances of war that had led them to forging an alliance now being gone, therefore the reason for an alliance is invalidated. Naval warships begin circling around Siamese waters and coast, although their presence is minimal and primarily just "looking around".
  • Great Empire of China–Korea: The end of the war and the reintegration of Taiwan and Cheondoryeol is celebrated, and the veterans are well-compensated for their excellent service. Fukuoka is organized as a crown dependency, but per the treaty between China–Korea and Japan, it will be retroceded in 1955. 100,000 troops are stationed in Fukuoka, which continues to be fortified as a stronghold of Sino–Korean presence within the Japanese archipelago. In addition, a garrison of 20,000 troops is stationed in Tokyo to protect Sino–Korean interests in the archipelago, while Japanese firms are contracted to commence the construction of a permanent military base there. Meanwhile, Taiwan and the Ryukyus are admitted as provinces. Meanwhile, Korea is split into North and South Korea, with the boundary being set as the Yalu River. Meanwhile, Sakhalin is separated from North Korea and now administers the Cheondoryeol Islands. These raise the total number of provinces from 20 to 24. With a naval arms race ensuing, China–Korea begins to amass the resources to construct its own battleships. With technical aid provided by Belkan engineers, construction of China–Korea's first two domestically-produced battleships begins in the Dalyeon Shipyard, scheduled for commissioning in 1907. Similar to new Burgundian and Belkan ships, they are armed entirely with high-caliber guns and turrets. However, 70% of its parts are imported from Belka. The annual production capacity of the Dalyeon Shipyard is capped at 60,000 t by the Grand Secretariat, and the rest being relegated to commercial shipbuilding (though most firms have migrated to the Tianjin and Ulsan Shipyards). The number of active troops during peacetime is decided to be raised to two million troops (including overseas troops). A new gun is created, with the addition of a dust cover, and the reduction of bolt parts from nine to six. In addition, the manufacturing/disassembly of the bolt is simplified and it can now accommodate use an eight-round magazine. This model is named the SL–90 Type 05. Needle Rifles are completely decommissioned, even for reservists and for overseas troops. Construction on three strategic defense lines (Guangdong, Yangtze and Yellow River) begins, being constructed 50 km inland to protect them from naval bombardment. These are meant to fortify the openings of the respective river valleys in case of the fall of the strategic forts. Educational attainment rises, with increasing enrollment into imperial universities. Rapid industrialization and economic modernization continue. China–Korea continues to produce large quantities of textiles, synthetic dyes, steel, as well as machinery and construction material. Telecommunications and railway lines are built. Arms production increases with the production of repeating rifles and their carbine derivatives, field artillery, machine guns, and their respective ammunition.
    • Tibet (protectorate): Civic buildings are constructed in the capital of Lhasa, which is inhabited by ~20,000 residents. Sedentary living is encouraged, with the little available arable land being intensively cultivated. Major crops include wheat and rye. A garrison of a single brigade (~5000) is stationed there, armed with Needle Rifles.
    • Altishahria (protectorate): More mining facilities are opened in Aksu, exploiting the Tarim basin's mining resources. Lucrative minerals such as soda, borax and jade are the country's main exports to China–Korea. In addition to grains, cash crops are grown, specifically grapes, melons, pears, and walnuts. There is a ranching boom, with many former pastoralists establishing enclosures for livestock. The main product is wool (from sheep), with processing facilities established in the capital and other major cities as preparation for further processing in China–Korea's textile mills. Korla becomes Altishahria's largest city due to continuous migration and its position as a major break-of-bulk point, with a total of ~200,000 inhabitants (one-tenth of the total population). As a result, the Altishahr government relocates there, and various civic buildings are constructed. A garrison of two divisions (~20,000) is stationed there, armed with Needle Rifles.
    • Dzungaria (protectorate): Civic buildings are constructed in Ghulja, which is inhabited by 20,000 residents. The nationalized Dzungar Oil Company increases the scale of their operations in the area, constructing multiple oil mines and refineries. In addition to supplying energy to northwest China, the company also provides kerosene for street lamps as well as other industrial chemicals via distillation. A garrison of 12 divisions (~120,000) is present, armed with Needle Rifles. The bulk of this military force is stationed in the Dzungarian Gate, which is heavily fortified due to its position as the sole overland entry point into Western China.
    • Dai Viet (protectorate): Under the guidance of China, the Vietnamese economy and government structure are radically reformed. The peasantry are taught techniques and granted capital to improve their cultivation thereby boosting productivity. Cultivation of coffee and the raising of shrimp and fish for commercial purposes (mainly for export) continues and is highly successful. In addition, small-scale cultivation of tobacco commences but focuses on quality rather than quantity due to the inability to compete with European possessions in the industry. The border with Burgundian Champa is fortified with trench lines and a fortress. The number of Sino–Korean troops stationed in Dai Viet is at ~100,000 as well as ~50,000 Vietnamese troops.
    • Fukuoka (crown dependency): Port facilities in the city are enlarged to accommodate larger traffic. A permanent military base is established there with Sino–Korean firms. Civic buildings and housing are constructed for the arrival of 120,000 (of which, five-sixths are military personnel) Chinese or Koreans, almost matching the population of 150,000 Japanese residents. Immigration from Japan is encouraged, and a hospital for Japanese usage is built. The Fukuoka Medical College, associated with the Kyoto Imperial University, is established as its own separate entity and enters a partnership with the Busan Imperial University.

1906

In the climate of Nathanism, Syndacism and antagonism between nations. Military buildup continues with Savannah, Avalon, Russia and Austria all investing heavily in their land forces while Britain, Rhineland and Prussia all begin to build their own large battleship designs.
Arabia responds to Egypt that Palestine is Arabian.
Prussia responds to Iberia they will not have peace.
Russia, in addition to its military reforms, begins to improve its transport infrastructure on its borders with Persia, Anatolia, Belka and Hungary by building railways and stock for them.
Alberto Ensico (OTL Albert Einstein) does cool scientific stuff in Iberia.
  • Savannah: The Syndicalist government proves to be short lived, as by the start of this year the government is isolated to the capital, and by March 1906 Robert Lee resigns. The summer is spent re-organizing the nation and writing a constitution. The result is a full republic is created with a president, that is to say, not a dominion of Great Britain with a monarch as head of state anymore. Jefferson Davis is selected as a temporary president for the rest of the year. He tries to balance the new republic's delicate situation, hoping to remain on favorable terms with Great Britain, and also to retain the alliance with Texas. Despite reforming to a representative form of government, the many reforms brought on by the shortlived Syndicalist state are preserved for the most part, with Syndicalists and Communists playing a large part in the politics of the first election. Alexander Calhoun is elected the first president in September, due to take office by the start of 1907. We accept the offer of trade from Borealia, hoping that trade will help us grow and rebuild. As there is quite high untrust still, we request a non-aggression pact with them. (player response) There is still tension in the air, and the project to create a defensive line in the south and north is continued. The army is to be raised to 400,000 in peacetime, split between guarding the north and south borders. There is growing militarism, as the expansion idea of Lee's government has not been undone. We ask for an alliance with Brésil, New Granada, Providence, and Arcadia.  
    • Burgundian Dip: An offer is extended to President Davis and President-Elect Calhoun for the construction of roads and railroads between Savannah and the Dominion of Maryland, to help build ties and increase trade between the two states.
    • Texan Diplomacy: The reforms are praised and it is intended to continue friendly relations.
    • Brésilian Dip: The offer is accepted.
  • Kingdom of Egypt: Prime Minister Omar Ismali orders the restriction of suspected Syndicalists from entering the country as he sees the increasing threat of Syndicalism to the royal family and the nation as a whole as Egypt industrializes, and so the Red Scare begins as Anti-Marsanist propaganda is spread throughout the nation, with children being taught in schools that Marsanists are barbaric creatures, hate religion and want destroy everything Egypt stands for. We tell Arabia to screw off and ignore all claims to Palestine by Arabia, and begin printing maps showing Palestine as Egyptian. Mass industrialization continues, with more jobs being opened, and so we begin a campaign of eradicating unemployment as Egypt enters the future. We once again contact London, requesting to re-establish relations with the UK. (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED!) We continue to use propaganda to promote the industrial worker, and continue to preach to the youth the greatness of becoming an industrial worker. We continue to build factories across the nation. In order to increase production, we lower corporate and safety regulations but of course make sure working conditions aren’t fatally dangerous and still keep sanitary regulations along with the air conditioning quota. The National Railway System continues to be developed throughout the nation. With the Burgundians agreeing to let naval officers and naval architects observe Burgundian warships, we begin developing our own designs based on the Burgundian ships, with our first model being the HRMS (His Royal Majesty’s Ship) Al-Nagm, named after the Great Caliph Al-Najm ll Al Akbar (with Al-Nagm being how it’s spelled in Egyptian Arabic). The HRMS Al-Nagm is a prototype warship that is the first of many in the Al-Nagm-class of ships. That manages to do well in training, though still needs some more work (and before the mods get all over this, the battleship is a bit behind current warships). Egyptian Arabic is made the official language as we begin splitting from Arabia. Pro-Egyptian propaganda continues to be spread toward the Palestine region which is are joined by people who begin teaching the Egyptian Arabic writing system. Short range telephones are introduced to Egypt, though the telegram continues to be preferred and used but some of the military begins using short range telephone lines. We begin to make a stock pile of weapons and food and store them in undisclosed locations along the Arabian-Egyptian Border. The military continues to expand its arsenal as more and more modern weaponry is produced. The first Egyptian-built machine gun is produced called the Mahdi-1 and is adopted by the army as more and more of these models are made. Egyptian nationalism sores as the Golden Age continues and with the recent claims on Palestine. Egyptian Nationalism also begins to include elements of Anti-Marsanism as the government begins promoting certain views of Marsanism that make it a threat to the Egyptian State and the Egyptian People. Ali Bakr Motors continues to prosper as probably one of the richest and most successful companies in Egyptian history, and the largest motor company in Europe and Africa. Ali Bakr Motors comes out with its Betrix Model of cars, which become a hot sell throughout the nation and the commonwealth. Ismali’s economic policies begin to be known as the “Ismali Doctrine”. Anti-Arabian sentiment continues to soar.
    • UK: OK.
  • New England: The Anglican Party proves to be very popular in the west and the Great Lakes cities. John Custer holds a speech in Lakeview drawing a large crowd, only to which a Syndicalist gunman aligned with James Clapton attempts to shoot Custer. He misses and is nearly beaten to death by Anglican Party stalwarts before police apprehend him. The submarine program continues with a predicted first submarine up by next year. Anglican Party ideas continue to be spread into Savannah and Avalon preach for Anglo-Arcadian unification in the face of new threats. Wellington Arms Company M1906 rifle (OTL Ross Rifle) is adopted as the official rifle for the New English army. The M1906 Wellington is to be armed with 30-06 Wellington ammunition. James Clapton returns from Syndicalist Texas and is immediately apprehended by border guards. He remains in a Missouri jail for now. Deputy Party Leader Arthur Kennedy and several other men are elected to positions within Parliament giving the Anglican Party a base in politics. In the northwest province of New Scotland (OTL western Montana), several Syndicalist linked bombings occur which draws townsfolk into the arms of Anglican Party thugs who start patrolling the streets with semi-auto rifles. Sir Albert Monroe patents his "Monroe Self-Loading rifle" (OTL Mondragon rifle) to Wellington Arms. He is backed up by private arms investors to lobby for its adoption into the New English army, confident it can stand up for the battlefield trials. We offer a military and economic alliance to our old parent nation of Great Britain (Mod Response).
    • UK: OK.
  • Scandinavia: The ship returns back to Stockholm but to no avail. Vinland is recognized as a sovereign state and not a protectorate. The Agreement of Copenhagen is signed which states that Vinland must help Scandinavia in any wars that it's in.
    • Borealia Diplomacy: As we are also allied with Vinland we offer an alliance with Scandinavia directly.
    • Scandinavian Diplomacy: We accept.
  • Borealia: The military remains on high alert despite the temporary ceasefire, still continuing to come under minor attacks from insurgents. The M1891 rifle has been phased out by this point by the M1903 Johannesburg (Springfield), while the Kort Magazijn Damen III (Short Magazine Lee–Enfield Mk III) is released this year, to eventually replace the Johannesburg as the primary rifle of the military. The extensive border wall and strategic line is manned and continually upgraded, and by this time each major fort spaced out along the wall contains facilities for vehicles, artillery, a railroad station, and an airfield. Although airplanes are in a primitive state worldwide, the military plans ahead and invests in an upgrade for the 37 mm autocannon already in use (the OTL pom-pom, which also was used for anti-air), and begins designs for a 3"/.23 caliber gun that will be mounted at the strategic line, and possibly on ships as well in the future, and should see production within a few years. Heavy production of the Minerva GV5 Panter begins to increase the nation's mechanized abilities, while the GA2 and GA3 are now both phased out, the last few having been sold this year to our allies. The high-speed Northeast Corridor line is further upgraded to run to Philadelphia and then Wilmington, allowing passengers or military personnel to travel some 400 miles at 100 mph. The navy sees the completion of one dreadnought mid-year, and the completion of a second toward the end of the year. A third is slated to be completed in early 1907. The building is heavily supplemented cost-wise by the fact that the navy sees the selling or scrapping of multiple battleships for each new one constructed, however, after these three the navy does not plan to construct dreadnoughts as quickly going forward. The construction of other ships continues as planned, however, with the navy reaching 49 submarines by the end of 1907, as well as at least 120 cruisers and destroyers (combined). We accept the offer of a non-aggression pact with Savannah, and also offer to limit our part of Maryland's military buildup if they also limit their military buildup near Maryland.
  • Federated States of Arcadia: How do Esquillos march has been a question for ten years long. Now the people will know. They march in straight lines singing Old Royal songs and with commands in Athabaskan and Iberian through the city of Diltwa Wituye, otherwise known as Neu Leipzig. The 7th of December will go down in history books once more in 300 years. Now they will once more remember the Coronation of Paulo Diltwa. The design of the Motorglider improves further mostly reliability gets better now so much that some men have done ten flights without any issue on their motorgliders. General of the Oriental Seryye, Vincent Neri, storms the Royal Palace of Providence on the 13th of January. This is done by the Providence Legion of the Oriental Seryye which numbers a total of 13,000 soldiers. After the storming of the royal palace and the personal surrender of the Providence emperor, many generals and politicians switch their alliance to general with a total of 53 of the 95 Ministers switching. They name Neri "Le premier consul de la providence et son peuple Libre". Neri officially adopts a flag that has a dark blue background with a white St George's cross on it. With the adoption of the new flag comes the creation of a new and Republican constitution which is known as "Les article Libere" which defines the natural rights and duties of the people in Providence. The first Consul does suffer from some minor rebellions over Providence mostly from Anglo- and Germanophobes, who fear he will lead Providence into becoming a slave of the Federated States. After the strain of the Reforms on the economy and the Republic of Providence, Neri and His his cabinet officially vote for a union with greater autonomy with The Federated States of Arcadia. The ARA after this vote and hearing an invitation to aid in the integration goes over the Arcadian-Providence border. This is done by Generals of the ARA without presidential orders. Due to this, he tries to recall this change of defence line. His president eventually accepts as he sees that this is the best option left and he even calls on the CAS and telling that their actions have been just.
  • Kingdom of Burgundy: The commissioning of SMS Dreadnought, the world's first all big gun battleship is widely celebrated in Burgundy. Initial impressions of Dreadnought are approving, and three sister ships are laid down. They are, however, modified to mount the new .45 caliber 12” rifle. Also laid down is a class of three “armored cruisers”, called the Südleche Béit-class. According to public documents, there is an incremental improvement over previous such cruisers, replacing. In actuality, they bear a closer resemblance to Dreadnought battleships; carrying a main battery of eight 11”/45 guns in four dual turrets, and an armored belt 11” thick, it is capable of 25 knots. As such, it is dubbed a battle cruiser by the Admiralty. Initially, Grand Admiral Fëscher wanted to arm the ships with heavier guns, and gain the extra speed by sacrificing armor. This design, however, was rejected by First Minister of the Navy Graf Theodoor van Roosevelt, who insisted the ships have enough armor to survive a line of battle action. This led to the ships being armed with the light 11” guns, and retaining thick armor. The Südleche Béits actual design is to remain classified until after their launch. The Great White Fleet continues its worldwide goodwill voyage, making port in Borealia - both in Sint Jan and in New Amsterdam - before moving on and docking in Meiniamen, Maryland (OTL Miami), then Havana, Cuba, and on to Rupertstad, Guyana. A visit is paid to Rivière du Comte in Brésil, the ships rendering all expected honors during it, before their first leg of their journey ends in Bonapaartstad, Patagonië - after which the fleet sails through the Straits of Bonapaart and up the west coast of Laurentia and then Arcadia. Port calls are made in Callao, Peru and Magdalena Bay, Aztlán, and then the fleet arrives in New Constantinople, Arcadia. From there the fleet sails to Honolulu, Hawaii, and then on to Guise, New Zealand. The fleet makes several stops afterward, paying courtesy visits in the British Yorke Penninsula, French New Guinea, the Iberian East Indies, and then Belkan Manila. Leaving Belkan Manila under escort from the Belkan Navy Squadron after their visit, the fleet visits Yokosuka, Japan and Shanghai, China before making port in Singapore for the remainder of the year. This year the Trans-Indochina Road begins construction, to be a large, wide road connecting the capital cities of the Burgundian Indochinese protectorates, from Phnom Penh, to Panduranga, to Vientiane. A double main-line railroad is to be run along side the road. Modernization of the Indochinese armies continues, with the first divisions to be armed with the Maussen Karabiner M1898 are organized. A separate factory is opened to facilitate the arming of the Southeast Asian protectorate armies with the rifles, produced as the M1905 Sint Georg, after the patron saint of the region. Enrollment in the Burgundian sponsored school systems climbs, helping in furthering the education of the next generations. The increased trade from the inter-connectedness brought upon by the Burgundian overlordship causes the respective economies of the protectorates to rise still further. With consulting from Borealia, Burgundy continues experimenting with aeroplanes. Ten submarines are commissioned this year. Queen Viktoria announces she will be traveling to Singapore in 1907 to host a conference among the monarchs of the Burgundian protectorates in South and Southeast Asia, to discuss the development and futures of the states face-to-face. An envoy is sent to Russia, offering an alliance with Burgundy, noting that both states are under threat from forces such as Nathanism and Syndicalism. An offer to build a class of modern battleships for the Russian Imperial Navy is sent along to sweeten the deal (MOD RESPONSE, PLEASE).
    • Russia declines.
  • República Ibérica: The Prussian’s refusal is not taken well in the Iberian Parliament. Authorization is handed down to begin seizing Prussian trading vessels in an effort to harm their war effort and starve them of resources. These efforts are limited to well away from Europe to prevent the spread of the war to the mainland proper. Although conflict has only minimal impact on the Iberian economy, which is much more dependent on those of the United Kingdom and France, it does require higher than average naval spending. The population is estimated to be 53.79 million. Work is completed on the massive road reconstruction effort with the last pavement laid in Murcia. The improvement of roads, as well as a tariff on automotive imports, allows both the Herrero Motorworks and the Correia Motor Company to explode in popularity. Both companies are demonstrating large profits. Correia Motor Company’s Model 3 continues its strong sales with another 2200 models sold. Herrero, although focused on luxury cars, begins experimenting with armored combat vehicles after viewing several models produced in Aztlán and Borrelia. Carlos Martín and the Iberian Sun Power Company develop more uses for the solar thermal systems. Solar home heating becomes a major branch of the company, and solar water heaters become the stable of the wealthy. In Andalucia, solar power allows the development of local electricity systems which are cheaper to operate than coal, and which can be easily expanded. The issue of power storage is overcome by the use of water towers and hydroelectric dynamos. The shipyards of Catalonia are in full swing constructing the next classes of the Iberian semiannual ship orders. Construction continues on the Maximiliano Zapico Stadium in preparations for the 1908 Olympic Games. The Ligeiro-class is decommissioned and sold for scrap due to obsolescence. The two all-big-gun ships of the Castillo-class are launched in March, and after several months of final construction and trials the first enters commission in October. The second, although launched is left unfinished until the confirmation of the concept. Work resumes late in November of 1906 after the Castillo demonstrates passable accuracy at range. The other eight members of the class are quickly redesigned into the “Dreadnought” model as the all-big-gun is becoming known as. However, the expense of these new ships leads the navy to cancel their orders for four of the eight. Two of the ships have their keels laid down in late 1906, and are expected for completion in mid to late 1908, with the other two in 1909. The Andalucia-class are recalled and begin extensive refits to bring them to the Coastal Battleship standard established last year. Arabia is offered the Andalucia-class Coastal Battleships should it wish to purchase them. They are scheduled for completion in 1908. (Nate Response)
    • Republica de Morocco: The national census estimates the population to be 12.45 million. The economy of Morocco continues to grow rapidly due to Iberian investment and technical aid. Due to the advent of solar power, it has become clear that Morocco will be able to develop improved sources of power. Wages hover at just about 94% of those in Iberia, but are rising. The steel industry expands rapidly as does the rail network. Phosphate production develops as a major sector of the Moroccan economy as does the synthesis of phosphorus fertilizer. Agricultural mechanization along with water conservation and management projects led to aggressive growth in the agricultural sector. Reformist Maghrebi Islam spreads with government support. After the decades of conversions, the sect now includes nearly 52% of the population. Culturally, the population has become more liberalized, with increasing importance placed on personal freedoms. Meanwhile, the educational reforms of the previous few years have contributed to rising literacy. With literacy and education on the rise, Iberian becomes a common second language, and a major language of commerce in Morocco. Although it is not part of the mandatory curriculum, many Moroccans voluntarily learn it through classes offered after school. Moroccan agitators continue the campaign for more representation in the foreign policy of Morocco. A petition gathers 1,291,718 signatures, and finally Iberia is forced to respond. A commission of senior judges, politicians, and colonial representatives is convened in Cadiz to propose revisions to the level of Moroccan representation.
      • Dependencia de Algeria: The population of Algeria reaches 7.55 million, and of these, 3.88 million are European. The Algerian native population, by now in the minority, is increasingly concentrated on less desirable land. The European majority, now solidly in control of the coast and much of the fertile interior begins seeking full annexation to Iberia.
    • Antillas Ibéricas: The colony continues to enjoy the profits of salt and sugar production. Educational reforms spread as the government promotes literacy and basic mathematics.
    • Indias Orientales Ibéricas: The colony continues to enjoy the profits of spice and rubber production. Educational reforms spread as the government promotes literacy and basic mathematics.
    • África Sudoeste Ibérica: Following the surrender of the Prussian Garrison, a new Iberian Colonial Government is established. Realizing the brutality of the Prussian regime, the new government attempts to appease the native population in an effort to reduce the power of the Prussian settlers in the region. These efforts include lowing taxes levied on the natives, ending cruel and unusual punishment practices, and generally enforcing that Iberian officers in the region hold a higher standard of respect for the natives. With this secured, the colony is quickly re-organized with efforts to cement Iberian rule in the remote areas underway.
    • República Africana Ibérica: The republic continues expansion efforts along the Sahel north of the French holdings in West Africa. Gold and other minerals constitute the major economic sector in Senegay.
    • Egyptian Dip: Ali Bakr Motors wishes to invest itself in the Iberian Automobile Markets.
    • Iberian Tariff Officers: Nope.
    • Arabia Dip: An official from the Shay Al-Nass in Damascus offers Iberia to purchase four Coastal Battleships. In addition, we resolve the long-standing lack of recognition of Iberia's government over Morocco, and wish to create a cultural center in Fez, in memory of Morocco and Arabia's common heritage to the Caliphate.
    • Iberian Diplomats: We agree to formally re-open relations between Arabia and Iberia, and will allow the Moroccan Parliament to decide whether they would like to accept the cultural center.
  • Imperial Swahili Federation: We continue colonial expansion in Northern Somalia, in the south and in the Malindi and Mombasa area. Colonization increases as medicine and weaponry become more widespread. Agricultural modernization continues in Swahili. Film is experimented with by artists funded by wealthy patrons. A graduate of the Malawi Military Academy, Amana Imani, develops the first Swahili modern rifle, the Type 21 for 21 years after the establishment of the Imperial Federation (Arisaka Type 38). The first Swahili designed class of battleships are laid in the dockyards of Sofala, Tanga and Mogadishu. The Malindi-class, with an order of four battleships, boasts eight 11"/45 guns, armour of 10" and a speed of 20 knots. The Kukua kwa Kijani Fertilizer and chemical factory is founded in Ibo, and begins the production of fertilizer, which is in high demand by the agricultural sector of Swahili. The Madrassah Act is passed, which encourages the modernization and subsidisation of major madrassahs with Swahili with the goal of a comparable quality to European Universities. Kazi za Mitambo Mombasa (Mombasa Mechanical Works) is established in Mombasa by several skilled engineers and graduates of the Madrassah of Mombasa. The company specializes in the construction of machine tools and has begun developing motor designs. Meanwhile, a female entrepreneur in Aliwa has popularised bicycles as a means of transportation in the hilly terrain. Her company, Russom, now expands toward heavier industry. In government, the Imperial Bunge begins isolating and firing several British advisors and replacing them with Belkans or advisors from other European countries.
    • Buha: The King of Buha holds his first Bunge, an imitation of the Swahili Bunge.
  • Great Empire of China–Korea: Prime Minister Jin Yujun dies unexpectedly, with an autopsy later revealing the cause of death to be a heart attack. A state funeral is held, attended by thousands. A snap election is held, and Lin Feng (a Senator of the Liberal–Democratic Party) is elected as the Prime Minister, allowing the party to continue enforcing their platform of religious toleration and social welfare. However, at just 29 years old, his fitness for the top political post is contested by the Conservatives, prompting the Grand Secretariat to ratify two controversial bills first setting an age limit of 35 years (effective following his term, as by then he would be eligible for re-election) and the second strengthening the dual-party system by establishing a sui generis semi-parliamentary system in which the Prime Minister and the Deputy Minister would be elected through direct vote. Both of these are vetoed by Prime Minister Lin Feng, but this veto is overidden by the Grand Secretariat. With the victory of the Third Sino–Japanese War, China–Korea is increasingly perceived as now a prestigious world power. With potential rivals (especially competition with Burgundy in Southeast Asia), the government is pressured into engaging in the growing naval arms race and solidifying the country's alliance with Europe's premier power–Belka. As a result, the Grand Secretariat ratifies another naval bill intending to create the third fleet in Shanghai as well as to increase annual production capacity in the Dalyeon Shipyard to 70,000 tonnes annually. There is also a change in doctrine, with new emphasis on destroyers (to fulfill both defensive and offensive roles) and submarines. The desire to counterbalance the threat of submarines has led to the creation of the Sejong the Great-class of destroyers, as destroyers have the speed and armament to intercept submarines before they are submerged, either through gunfire or ramming. In addition, destroyers also had a shallow enough draft that torpedoes would find it difficult to hit them. Ships of this class will be installed with six torpedo tubes (instead of four or two as in earlier models, and are equipped with strengthened bows for ramming, and depth charges and hydrophones for identifying submarine targets. Five cruisers, fifteen submarines, and ten destroyers (of the new Sejong the Great-class) are produced this year, amounting to a total displacement of 63,000 tonnes collectively. Arms production increases with the production of repeating rifles and their carbine derivatives, field artillery, machine guns, and their respective ammunition. A ten-year program is launched in order to manufacture five million SL-90 Type 05's. The number of active troops (including overseas troops) is maintained at two million, without the enforcement of mandatory service due in part to the size of the Sino–Korean population. Construction on three strategic defense lines (Guangdong, Yangtze and Yellow River) continues, being constructed 50 km inland to protect them from naval bombardment. In addition, a defensive line (though made of light fortifications) is built lining the Amur River. Educational attainment rises, with increasing enrollment into imperial universities. Rapid industrialization and economic modernization continue, aiming to be fully-industrialized by 1920. China–Korea begins to transition rapidly to heavy industries such as steel, commercial shipbuilding, heavy machinery, and petrochemicals; a shift from textiles and synthetic dye production. Agriculture continues to be commercialized. Telecommunications and railway lines are built. The first domestically-produced cars are built, though in small quantities. Most cars are imported.
    • Tibet (protectorate): Civic buildings are constructed in the capital of Lhasa, which is inhabited by ~20,000 residents. Sedentary living is encouraged, with the little available arable land being intensively cultivated. Major crops include wheat and rye. A garrison of a single brigade (~5000) is stationed there, armed with Needle Rifles.
    • Altishahria (protectorate): More mining facilities are opened in Aksu, exploiting the Tarim basin's mining resources. Lucrative minerals such as soda, borax and jade are the country's main exports to China–Korea. In addition to grains, cash crops are grown, specifically grapes, melons, pears, and walnuts. There is a ranching boom, with many former pastoralists establishing enclosures for livestock. The main product is wool (from sheep), with processing facilities established in the capital and other major cities as preparation for further processing in China–Korea's textile mills. Korla becomes Altishahria's largest city due to continuous migration and its position as a major break-of-bulk point, with a total of ~200,000 inhabitants (one-tenth of the total population). As a result, the Altishahr government relocates there, and various civic buildings are constructed. A garrison of two divisions (~20,000) is stationed there, armed with Needle Rifles.
    • Dzungaria (protectorate): Civic buildings are constructed in Ghulja, which is inhabited by 20,000 residents. The nationalized Dzungar Oil Company increases the scale of their operations in the area, constructing multiple oil mines and refineries. In addition to supplying energy to northwest China, the company also provides kerosene for street lamps as well as other industrial chemicals via distillation. A garrison of 12 divisions (~120,000) is present, armed with Needle Rifles. The bulk of this military force is stationed in the Dzungarian Gate, which is heavily fortified due to its position as the sole overland entry point into Western China.
    • Dai Viet (protectorate): Under the guidance of China, the Vietnamese economy and government structure are radically reformed. The peasantry are taught techniques and granted capital to improve their cultivation methods – thereby boosting productivity. Cultivation of coffee and the raising of shrimp and fish for commercial purposes (mainly for export) continues and is highly successful. In addition, small-scale cultivation of tobacco commences but focuses on quality rather than quantity due to the inability to compete with European possessions in the industry. The border with Burgundian Champa is fortified with trench lines and a fortress. The number of Sino–Korean troops stationed in Dai Viet is increased to ~150,000, and are joined by ~100,000 Vietnamese troops.
    • Fukuoka (crown dependency): Port facilities in the city are enlarged to accommodate larger traffic. Immigration from Japan is encouraged. Civic buildings are constructed, and it is given the right to self-rule, with a democratically-elected legislature. However, a Governor–General appointed by China–Korea presides over their decisions. Infrastructure is improved, and Fukuoka becomes well-renowned in Korea as a good source of ramen noodles. In turn, a local variety of Kimchi (known as "Kimuchi" or Fukuokese Kimchi) which uses additives and requires less fermentation is popular and spreads into Kyushu. The first population census shows that there are 150,000 Sino–Korean residents, and 200,000 Japanese residents (who have dual nationality, but are citizens of Japan).
  • Kingdom of Arabia: The military and infrastructure are steadily improved, as Arabia enters the 20th century. Electricity is made ubiquitous across the nation, setting up power stations across the Persian gulf to be powered by the oil fields directly. Damascus and Aleppo are lighted at night by electric bulbs. The military hardware is upgraded to more modern bold-action rifles. Cars are imported from Egypt and used across much of the new highway system. A single dreadnought is being gradually constructed, in addition to the four battleships imported from Iberia. Lever pinion rifles and machine guns are also purchased from Iberia and used to improve the military, placed as a higher priority of investment than the traditional Arabian cavalry. Diplomatic relations continue with China and Brazil, as well as our European benefactors. The ministry of public recreation is commissioned to train a new team for the upcoming Olympics, in the hopes of getting more medals than previously. The ministry also conducts research into the creation of artifical ice fields, for the creation of a hockey game in the near future. Comic books are widely published based on novels of the previous century. Arabia announces that it will host a world rugby tournament, held at the Abd Al-Rahman Stadium in Baghdad. This stadium is constructed as an additional facade adjacent to the Palace of Abd Al-Rahman, a classical work of Baroque architecture from the time of the Rashidun Caliphate. This same palace includes the reconstructed Hanging Gardens of Babylon as well. We allow the Burgundian fleet to briefly dock at Aden, and during that time help to improve the Dutch cultural centers in Mesopotamia.
    • Vinland: Vinland begins building a gore line on the border with Avalon and places the military on limited mobilization. The garrison in Greenland is strengthened with 2000 soldiers. Modern equipment is purchased from Borealia.
    • Borealian Diplomacy: We request an alliance with Arabia, and also offer to help improve relations and trade between Arabia and the Arcadian region as a whole.
    • Arabia accepts each of these.
  • Aztlán: The railroad linking the west to the east is completed. The recent additions to the navy have now been fully incorporated, with 30 flotillas and five battleships joining the ranks in total, most of which sail to the Pacific through the Panama Canal. We offer to export aluminium to Iberia (player response).
    • Can we get a concrete number of ships in a flotilla because I doubt Aztlán's ability to field a pretty immense fleet. -Feud
      • Aztlán: One "flotilla" is used here as one ship in a flotilla.
    • Iberian Diplomats: Although Iberia currently has a source of Aluminium the Aztláni offer is welcomed. Aztlán is offered sponsorship as a favored nation in the European Economic Area.
    • Aztlán Dip: Aztlán gladly accepts.
  • Syndicalist Texas: The economy begins to boom. Peanuts are introduced in agriculture more widely. Also, more people move into industrial Co-operatives, with cheap textile production common to boost the economy. More Syndicalist dwellings are built. Railroad Co-operatives build networks to connect the cities. A people's militia is formed. With the intent of being the "breadbasket of the region" the mechanization of agriculture slowly begins, and our food surplus is traded with Aztlán and Savannah (seeing our improving relations.) Meanwhile, the "all movements voluntary" policy keeps the people satisfied. Small housing units are further constructed, giving incentives. Peppers are harvested for flavor, created a "hot sauce" trend in cuisine. "Tex Mex" is popular with some southern population and descendants of Hispanics and some Commanches, however, grows among all Texans.
  • Belkan Empire: In a shocking show of industrial fortitude and engineering the Belkan navy this year launches five of the planned nine ships of the "Juggernaut" class of battleship but with the remaining four decides to take a more quality driven approach ordering the next four to be completed by 1908 and to use much higher quality steel in their armor belts as well as a higher caliber gun. 14" batteries are to be installed on the new Chudov class as well as a faster engine for quicker propulsion. The Belkan defensive fortifications running from Trieste to the Hungarian border also look toward completion in 1908 as it reaches the halfway point using pre-existing fortifications and choke points that were previously developed to allow for quicker construction. The final stretch to the Hungarian border remains undeveloped and the government invests heavily into developing its defensive posture preparing for the possibility of Austria full on joining Germany and the lack of political will of Vozhd Bukharain to send yet another expedition to quell an Austrian uprising. The Belkan army once again begins re-evaluating its own doctrine taking a midline approach between defense and attack. It opts to keep its army standing at roughly 1.5 million in the field and leaving a huge swell of trained reservists in the pool to be drafted. The economic boom slows down as the Belkan industries push into strategic defenses and naval production including researching new designs for destroyers, cruiser types and battleships, the push into Africa remains paramount with another expedition ready to be mounted to conquer the remaining Congolese states and the one small unnamed African kingdom remaining resolute within the Belkan African empire. Further training of the colonial auxiliary forces continues as they are able to be integrated into the Belkan command network more effectively. Belka officially invites the French to a conference in Belgrad to discuss foreign policy, diplomatic and trade relations among other things.
    • French Dip: President Gilbert Clavet accepts the invitation, and promptly goes to Belgrad for the conference.
  • United French Republic: The United French Republic continues to progressively improve as reconstruction efforts continue around the nation, primarily in Bordeaux and Occitania. As more automobiles are produced, sold, distributed, etc, roads and highways begin to be improved as more factories are built across the state. Working conditions improve, in addition to employment rising post-war. In the first time in centuries, the French population falls below the Iberian population, stagnating and even declining slightly around 50 million. Two dreadnoughts are blueprinted, produced and are projected to be usable by 1907. After enlisting the help of some 10,000 Guineans and 7500 standard French troops, the invasion of Siam begins after landing in and navally bombarding the city of Dawei. Troops, using the most recent Fusil-Mitrailleur Modele 1905 and other automatic machine guns, are able to quickly defeat the unequiped and ill-prepared Siamese military. After defeating and pushing the Siamese back to Bangkok, and successfully besieging the capital, the state of Siam is placed under French occupation and dominance. More to come soon.
  • Brésil: With the Syndicalist and Nathanist threats countered, Brésil is left in its rightful position as the hegemon of Laurentia. Francis de Medici founds the Brésilian Secret Service, which is given a large sum of money and tasked with eliminating Syndicalist and Nathanist threats. A young entrepreneur named Carlos Caballos lobbies the Arabian government for permission to prospect for oil in Kuwait, offering a dividend on every gallon of oil extracted. Thomas Worchester, a British immigrant, just "happens" upon upon the designs for the latest model from the Saint-Denis motor Société, disrupting the Brésilian market to the point of forcing the SDMS to develop a better new model to compete. Francis unveils a plan to build a new capital, less vulnerable, to be called Brésilia, would be located in OTL Brésilia. Construction will be completed by 1910, and the government will relocate there by 1911. New weapons are developed, with one noteable example being the M10 Shotgun, the OTL M10 Remington, as well as the OTL Winchester 1907 model. Seeing the conflict in Arcadia, Brésil invites Borealia, Texas, Savannah, and New England to the Recife conference.
    • Wellington arms puts a lawsuit on Brésil demanding they pay damages done due to copying Wellington's Self-Loading rifle design by the bolt. -New England'

1907

Note to all those building dreadnoughts. Follow this link here to the talk page and fill in for each year the number of dreadnoughts you have and the number you're building. [1]

Russia continues its military buildup of transport infrastructure and rebuilding its units.

The Nathanist union of Germanic countries forms between Prussia, Rhineland and Austria which is an alliance committed to eventual Germanic unit and social purity. Many Germans living in Burgundy's west of the Rhine River protest for their region to be included in said group.

Nathanist and Syndacist rebels begin attacking the Brésilian government.

Burgundy and Britain are both worried by the Belkan naval expansion program and Britain ups theirs with plans to build four this year instead of two, many in Burgundy are also willing to increase their construction rate.

Those living in Savannah and New England protest over the conduct of the Recife conference which they consider to be cementing illegal Borealian colonialism.

  • Savannah: President Calhoun takes his oath of office. Behind the scenes one of Lee's former generals, Thomas Jackson, becomes one of the main men pulling the strings, overseeing the military buildup, government propaganda, and militarism. He seeks to craft the public outcry in the best way to benefit the state, in his eyes. We demand that New England stop spreading its propaganda into our borders, and as a result we close the border and ban New England's media. Stuck between a rock and a hard place Calhoun accepts the Burgundian offer. He allows trade into Maryland for the first time. Troop numbers are also lessened there as a sign of good faith. That said the government requests Burgundy sign a non-aggression pact with us. The strategic line of defense in the north of the nation is still manned. The Recife Conference is rejected because it would contradict the nation's stated claim to unite the English world on the continent. This is confirmed when there are protests against the conference. 
    • Burgundian Dip: The non-aggression pact with Savannah is accepted.
    • Hold up, aren't you being counter intuitive, banning Custer's propaganda which advocates unification between the former British colonies while still wanting to unite them? -Orwell
  • Kingdom of Egypt: Anti-Arabian Sentiment continues to soar as Egyptians see Arabia as a rival. We thank the UK for their support. Egyptian Nationalism continues to flair up as anti-Marsanism and Anti-Arabianism become integrated into Egyptian Nationalism. We organize the “Palestinian Authority”, a government-in-exile run by Egyptian-Palestinians that claims to be the rightful government of the Palestinian people. Massive industrialization continues with 230 factories being created every year. We continue to build firearms (WITHOUT much aid from the Belkans) with our firearms being based of Italian and Belkan models. Egyptian militarism begins to rise due to all the military modernization and escalation of the Palestine Crisis. Ali Bakr Motors Betrix model of cars becomes the new trend, and is set for a successful run. Short RangeTelephones continue to be used by the military to connect to nearby bases or towns. Telegrams continue to be popular in Egypt. The Red Scare continues as numerous people are arrested due to suspicions of possible sympathy to Syndicalism, along with many people being denied entry into the country who come from a country of large Syndicalist activity. The Copts in Egypt continue to stay loyal to the Coptic Church which is aligned with the Catholic Church. We send diplomatic envoys to Cairo to request the Caliph declare monarchism to be the true representation of Islam and all Muslims, and to be the true form of government for the Islamic religion. (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED!!!!). The Al-Nagm class of ships continues being built as they prove to be very modern and battle ready, and so more of these ships are built. Baher Misel, Major General of Royal Egyptian Army trains the army in modern military tactics and offers the head of the Belkan army to conduct joint-military training (FEUD RESPONSE NEEDED!). A song called “Pain” is released by a man who goes by “Raja”; the song talks about Raja’s childhood and reveals how he was severely beaten by his parents. The song gains much popularity across the nation as this song finally reveals the problem of child abuse in Egypt, and eventually causes the Prime Minister himself to make a speech condemning child abuse and that a meeting in parliament will be held on passing a bill banning it. We declare our support for a United Germany and refuse to recognize any State in Germany until the region is united. Ismali is very popular among the people. Suez City continues to be reconstructed and should be finished by next year as people are already moving back in.
    • The Caliph says nah. Person.
  • Kingdom of Prussia: With many Germans dreaming of sailing through the skies in airships, "Zeppelin" development continues production in Prussia. Although the Nathanites within Prussia are pretty divided on how to take this, some are outraged that this would eventually put humanity and God as equals if humanity conquers the sky. However, others dismissed this, considering that flight technology has already been around for years. A strong Prussian air force has taken shape as many plans to upgrade any planes to better modern standards would take place shortly after agreements of economic trade and relationships between countries like Arcadia, Borelia, and/or Burgundy. Car manufacturing becoming more popular with newer models, led by Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft (DMG), a German engineering company centered in Prussia later automobile manufacturer, their new Mercedes brand cars that recently came out this year became a favorite among government officials and the Prussian elite - durable, reliable and fast. The government of Prussia considers requests for a new brand of military cars by DMG. Naval development remains steady, with ships being upgraded and brought up to date. Construction of the first Prussian dreadnought will be completed by 1908, with two more being built by 1910. With Nathanites growing in popularity in Prussia, they found themselves growing more populist - mixing in with the desire of German nationalism to promote themselves. Many described this movement as quite "Volkisch" (see Volkisch movement OTL) and it is changing the populace's outlook on world affairs since the 1904 colonial war. Military power in Prussia remained comparable among the European powers, with one million total troops recorded in the military (includes all branches) but it needs more industrial power in order to put forth itself, for now it would rely on its neighbors or friendlies for assistance in military help and build-up of strength. We contact our German brothers (Austria, with representation from Belka, and Rhineland) to establish the German Assembly in Hannover. With a meeting between German states being planned for 1908. (MOD AND PLAYER RESPONSE, PLEASE) As elections near, a new man with heavy Pan-Germanic beliefs sets the stage for his party to become the new face of the Landtag. He believes that Prussia is slowly falling behind on the new technologies around the world, and that German industry would become ever stronger with a unification of Germany - maybe even one of the fastest growing industrial bases in the world. However, he wishes that Prussia would be more focused with in continental affairs rather than ones outside the continent as more of a priority. 
    • Colony of New Hessia (formerly Greater Hussein): The colony receives a recent influx of immigrants of people still loyal to Prussia from former Angola. At the same time, those who disagrees with Nathanism finds better security in the colony to bolster industry (or industrialization) in the colony. However, the majority of people in former Greater Hussein felt distant from Prussia after their loss of Prussian Angola.
    • Iberian Diplomats: Iberia seeks peace on the terms it proposed recently.
    • Prussian wartime morale and interest in their recently lost colony is at an all time low. They accept Iberia's peace terms.
    • Belkan Dip: While not claiming any sort of overlordship over Austria, the Belkans agree and send a representative seeking to establish an agreement that leads not to only a peaceful unification of Germany, but a Germany friendly to the Belkan Empire
    • Yes, German brothers (whoever they are) agree to go.
  • New England: The Wellington Arms Company upgrades its 1905 SL to a newer model which fixed up the problems of the 1905. John Custer announces his candidacy for the 1909 election to a crowd of 4000 people. Anglican Party ideas of Pan-Anglo-Arcadian unity continue to be spread throughout Avalon and Savannah. Anglican Party deputy Steve Marriott travels to Avalon to meet with pro-unification leaders to discuss Anglo-Arcadian unification if should the time come, or when Custer becomes Prime Minister. The first new batch of submarines is commissioned. The fleet of subs is at five. Custer condemns the Savannahs claiming they should unite with their fellow Anglo brothers. In an attempt to save his parties credibility, Prime Minister Stewart condemns any attempt at territorial negotiation with Borealia as part of the Recife Conference. Inspired by the 1860s recordings of Peter Frampton, 19-year-old Lakeview guitarist Johnny B. Goode embarks on his own record making and his dad founds Barry Records in their backyard barn. Diplomats are sent to Prussia to establish economic relations.
    • Prussian Dip: Business in economy should not discriminate on who should it be with. We do not intend to completely side with anyone else with this as of now. Besides, Angles in Arcadia are related to Germans, so of course.
  • Kingdom of Arabia: The nation continues to modernize and expand its infrastructure and economy. Electricity aids to expand its industrial capacity across the Middle-East. Cars continue to be imported from Egypt. Military hardware is updated to more modern rifles, mostly outfitted now from those purchased from Belka, and now from Arcadia and Iberia as well. The navy is upgraded with its new battleships. Arabia opens a new housing program, in order to combat the growing problem of impoverished labor class in the newly industrialized state. This housing program provides cheaper homes in specific areas of the nation, allowing more impoverished people not to end up vagrants. In such a way, Arab peoples are moved around the nation to the optimum housing locations, specifically bringing in thousands of Syrian and Mesopotamian people into Palestine and Palestinian people into the Transjordan region. Mixing these populations has thus rendered any Palestinian sympathy in the nation null and void (as if any existed in the first place). The undersecretary within the secondary committee of the Ministry of State finds the "Palestinian Authority" quite humorous - just a collection of native Egyptian beaurocrats pretending to be of Arabian origin. The Shay Al-Nass, meanwhile, denounces Britain's statement toward Egypt (it was not secret diplomacy) and draws its attention to the obligations in the Treaty of London. Belka is offered temporary military access to Ashdod region.
  • República Ibérica: The population growth of the past begins to fall-off as fewer and fewer Iberians have the large families so common until recently. Despite incentives, church pressures and ample food supply, younger couples simply no longer believe in the merit of larger families. The population this year is estimated at 54.06 million. The improvement of roads, as well as a tariff on automotive imports, allows both the Herrero Motorworks and the Correia Motor Company to explode in popularity. Both companies are demonstrating large profits. Correia Motor Company’s Model 3 continues its strong sales with another 2500 models sold. The export of the Model 3 becomes a common occurrence, especially to France and the United Kingdom. The Herrero Armored Automobile is presented to the Iberian Military, but is rejected due to poor performance off-road and a lackluster armament. Herrero and his engineers return to the drawing board in an effort to improve their design. They switch from a wheeled to a partial-track system, and begin work on a more suitable weapon. Sandoval is contracted to help design the new gun, which is unveiled at the end of the year as the Sandoval-Herrero 20 mm Automatic Cannon (Similar to the Becker 20 mm Cannon). The new vehicle is to be completed in 1908. The Sandoval Rifleworks also unveils a project long in secret development, the Sandoval Auto-Reloading Rifle Model 1907 (an OTL Cei-Rigotti Rifle with some slight cosmetic differences). The long competing Vento Arms, not to be outdone, releases its Vento Model 1907 (OTL Remington Model 8 with a more accessible receiver cover). Both rifles are submitted for military testing to be conducted next year. Carlos Martín and the Iberian Sun Power Company develop more uses for the solar thermal systems. Solar home heating becomes a major branch of the company, and solar water-heaters become the stable of the wealthy. In Andalucia, solar power allows the development of local electricity systems which are cheaper to operate than coal, and which can be easily expanded. The issue of power storage is overcome by the use of water towers and hydroelectric dynamos. The introduction of a cheaper source of power is hailed as a key success in industrializing Andalucia. The shipyards of Sevilla make quick use of the technology and begin installing power plants of considerable production to power light ship-building on a commercial scale. While competition is fierce from Iberian shipyards in Catalonia and Portugal, the area still manages to make progress. The University of Sevilla opens a Department of Arid Ecology with the intent of studying the climates and ecologies of southern Iberia, Morocco and other arid regions in Africa. The young science is hoped to help expand grazing areas and potentially begin the greenification of semi-arid areas across the Iberian colonies. Egypt, Belka and France are asked if they would like to participate in a series of long-term research projects in the Sahara ranging from desert-farming, to de-desertification. (Player Responses). The shipyards of Catalonia are in full swing constructing the next classes of the Iberian semiannual ship orders. Construction finishes on the Maximiliano Zapico Stadium in preparations for the 1908 Olympic Games. The second ship of the Castillo-class is completed in May, and is quickly commissioned. Meanwhile, two more hulls are launched with completion dates in 1908, while the last two of the class are laid down for completion in 1909. Work begins on the design phase of several new classes of dreadnought-type battleships in the coming years.
    • Republica de Morocco: The national census estimates the population to be 12.76 million. The economy of Morocco continues to grow rapidly due to Iberian investment and technical aid. Due to the advent of solar power, it has become clear that Morocco will be able to develop improved sources of power. Wages hover at just about 95% of those in Iberia, but are rising. The steel industry expands rapidly as does the rail network. Phosphate production develops as a major sector of the Moroccan economy as does the synthesis of phosphorus fertilizer. Agricultural mechanization along with water conservation and management projects led to aggressive growth in the agricultural sector. Reformist Maghrebi Islam spreads with government support. After the decades of conversions, the sect now includes nearly 54% of the population. Culturally, the population has become more liberalized, with increasing importance placed on personal freedoms. Meanwhile, the educational reforms of the previous few years have contributed to rising literacy. With literacy and education on the rise, Iberian becomes a common second language, and a major language of commerce in Morocco. Although it is not part of the mandatory curriculum, many Moroccans voluntarily learn it through classes offered after school. The Conference of Cadiz becomes a point of serious debate. Attended by important Moroccan and Iberian leaders, it quickly becomes clear that change must be rapid and absolute. A young, relatively unimportant, Iberian Sanador, Salvador Allende, advocates for a revolutionary and drastic solution. Clearly, Iberia cannot keep Morocco a client state forever, but, while both nations are different, they share many common histories. He proposes large revisions to the Iberian and Moroccan constitutions wherein Iberia and Morocco shall exists as members of a “Union of the Pillars of Hercules.” This Union of the Pillars in shorthand would devolve nearly all domestic responsibilities to unicameral Parliaments in both nations, while mainingting a unified foreign policy with a President elected by both countries and a Senate comprised of a proportional mix of directly elected representatives from both nations. He also proposes that Algeria be added to the Union as a third nation after restructuring. The proposal receives surprising support. Iberian leaders feel as though they will retain power in the senate because of the population advantage Iberia holds over her dependencies in North Africa, additionally, it appeases agitators who have become a significant problem in Morocco. Meanwhile, Morocco will achieve legal equality to Iberia, and with a rapidly growing population will begin to catch up in representation rapidly. Ratification will still present a massive struggle, and it is decided to hold referendums in both Morocco and Iberia in 1908 to resolve the issues. Miguel Raposo completes his pipeline, and promptly faces the problem that the “lake” he had hoped to restore will become hyper-salinified should he just pump sea water into the basin. Thus, the engineer dismisses much of his staff and begins searching for a use for sea water. He finds one while walking back toward the coast on a particularly dry day. As the cool and humid coastal breeze washes over him, he realizes that sea water, like all water, humidifies the air when it evaporates. He imagines a greenhouse, cooled and humidified with evaporating sea water filled with all manner of his favorite plants, succulents of all descriptions. The greenhouse also would produce vast amounts of sea salt which he could then sell for perhaps a small profit. He begins designing his greenhouse and also works on a simple fan-driven evaporator. Work begins on the project in late October with labor from the local townsfolk who have become attached to the eccentric millionaire living in their midst.
      • Dependencia de Algeria: The population of Algeria reaches 7.66 million, and of these, 3.98 million are European. The Algerian native population, by now in the minority, is increasingly concentrated on less desirable land. The European majority, now solidly in control of the coast and much of the fertile interior begins seeking full annexation to Iberia.
    • Antillas Ibéricas: The colony continues to enjoy the profits of salt and sugar production. Educational reforms spread as the government promotes literacy and basic mathematics.
    • Indias Orientales Ibéricas: The colony continues to enjoy the profits of spice and rubber production. Educational reforms spread as the government promotes literacy and basic mathematics.
    • África Sudoeste Ibérica: The colonial government of last year continues to solidify its control over the region and begins re-construction of the Prussian-gauge rail lines into Iberian Standard Rail Gauge.
    • República Africana Ibérica: The republic continues expansion efforts along the Sahel north of the French holdings in West Africa. Gold and other minerals constitute the major economic sector in Senegay.
    • Egypt Dip: We agree.
    • French Dip: Sure.
  • Kingdom of Burgundy: Queen Viktoria embarks on the armored cruiser SMS Verwoester, escorted by a whole cruiser squadron and a destroyer squadron, bound for Singapore for the conference there. While en route, the ships pick up King Vijayabahu from Kotte, and reviews the Great White Fleet while it's docked in Kolon Thota. Together, they continue on to the territory of Singapore, where the other kings and sultans of the Burgundian Southeast Asian protectorates have gathered. While there, she impresses them with her knowledge of the Malay language (which is a common language amongst most of the protectorates). During the actual conference, she informs the monarchs of her plans to roll back the authority of the appointed administrators in favor of expanding what has come to be called the “Borealia System”, where governor-generals are elected locally as candidates, and they are then formally appointed by the Burgundian crown. In addition, there are several points that apply specifically to certain protectorates - from the transfer of Burgundian-administered land in Ceylon to the King of Kotte, to the re-integration of Kep into the Cambodian kingdom, to the assurance of religious tolerance in the Gunterist Kingdom of Borneo. The three battleships of the Herzog Philippe de Fett-class are launched, they’re the first Burgundian battleships since the Steinbuerg-class ironclads to mount 12” guns. Meanwhile, encouraged by the rising support for the building program, four battleships of the Barrois-class are laid down, these to be armed with ten of the new 12”/50 rifles. The three battle cruisers of the Südleche Béit-class - SMS Südleche Béit, SMS Steinbuerg, and SMS Sizilien - are also launched. As they have only been called armored cruisers, their launches don’t gather the same attention as the battleships - despite them actually displacing more - which helps in the secrecy. Nevertheless, several papers begin carrying stories about the launch of the three “super cruisers”. The Royal Army undergoes a re-organization after some realizations over the realities of modern warfare occur. For one, armies will be assigned a front of responsibility, abandoning the concept of field armies. Burgundian assault doctrine is also re-evaluated, and it is decided to create dedicated assault units. A typical such squad would consist of eight men divided into to teams; the first team would have three riflemen and a grenadier, while the second team would have only two riflemen, one man armed with a M97 pump-action shotgun, and one man armed with an M-6 flamethrower. (More stuff will be added.)
  • Vinland: Vinland concludes an alliance with Arabia and sends a polar bear to Arabia (PS: Don't get mauled this time!) The fort line on Avalon's border is nearing completion. Troops arrive in Vinland's part of Iceland.
  • Federated States of Arcadia: New propertarian books are appearing with one being written by Sir Ryan Fletcher who is a rich agricultural businessman, and the writer of The Book "the Mind and its Liberty". The book is a revision of "Mein Eigentum" which some consider counter propertarian while others see it's a moderation of the ideals that will benefit all of it, it talks about how instance of violence and undemocratic means it should instead focus on winning electoral and popular support. Although their beliefs of Fletcher are sometimes seen as an offshoot of the ideology while at other times seen as the same but a critique to some of them minor issues facing the ideology. He also believes that all culture with the exception of the European and old Roman one should be destroyed by any means needed, this is more national and ethnic glorifying version of the propertarianism. With these changes his ideas are known as Fletcherism, although he does not want to be called it and still sees himself as a propertarian. The Defensive Lines getting on the East are getting improved with change in name and the land that has to be defended by the enemy. Due to this the renamed Neri has to account for a stronger and more focused enemy forces. With this change the army begins to invest in border stretching the fences instead of forts that can survive long sieges, now the border will have a fence at first at around 30 feet from the border checkpoint so that people with the right papers are legally allowed to go to the FSA can do so. This is manned by special border guards otherwise known as the GrenzTruppen or in English known as the border troops, do you have extra training in the recognition and handling of passports, visas and more. The border troops also get instructions of what to do with immigrants who are illegally entering the FSA, with the usual policy being sending them off to a farm in Bergsorbien or Küstenland where they have to work and show that they are no threat to the Federated States. Providence is officially admitted to the union that is called the Federated States of Arcadia. General of the oriental Seryye becomes its professional leader, although he's allowed to keep his title of "Le premier consul de la providence et son peuple Libre". This title is promoted to include "L'Unificateur de Providence" and his rank goes from General of the Oriental Seryye to Marshal of the Oriental Seryye. These titles are granted as the Federated States believe he did his duty for his country. The soldiers of the Providence Legion are all granted a greater pension of 58,000 franks per month which is a quite big increase and normally for generals who saw duty. They also are excluded of the list of reserves although they can still serve if they decide to stay.
  • Federation of Texas: John Burr's downfall occurs due to many people accusing him of being undemocratic. Thus an impeachment vote occurs, widely staining the Syndicalist party, now having a republic. Also, his departure from the Pan-Arcadian Union is seen as a poor decision. In defense, he says that workers have had such good rights. This is acknowledged, and co-ops will remain, but will be privatized. John Burr resigns before the vote is completing. The economy grows faster with more capitalist methods. Texas requests to become a protectorate of The Federated States of Arcadia due to common values, fair laws, and economic expansion due to infrastructure connection possibility. (Response) Ted Cruz, the new President, does this so that development can occur quicker. Texan military is re-organized along Arcadian Lines, and also the Federal model is adopted.
    • FSA Dip: The Parliament agrees to the Texan wishes but they do want an official treaty that clearly tells the rights given and the aid gained. The president even proposes the idea of an Arcadian union with Texas.
    • Texas agrees to the union idea.
  • Aztlán: With the recent Texan-Arcadian Union being formed to the north, the government begins to re-open cold diplomatic lines to the two unified countries. Meanwhile, having accepted this change, we look to Borealia to officially recognize Arcadia-Texas as a single, unified country in the Pan-Arcadian Congress. (player response) Normal relations with Arcadia-Texas are resumed.
    • Federated States Dip: Our government informs that Texas still retains most of their liberty and their freedoms and that in a legal and official sense, it is just protection given to them. Texas and the Federated States are still two nations with an amount of integrated policies.
  • Great Empire of China–Korea: The Grand Secretariat ratifies a constitutional amendment which will reduce the length of the Prime Minister's term to four years (from six years), and will restrict them to a maximum of two consecutive terms. Lin Feng reluctantly agrees, knowing will be ineligible for the next executive elections. In addition, the Grand Secretariat separates the cities of Beijing and Seoul (the primary and secondary seats of government respectively) from their surrounding provinces and are designated national districts. Meanwhile, the 24 provinces (which already have a devolved government and territorial legislatures) are given more legislative autonomy, with the Grand Secretariat permitting them to regulate matters such as the purchase and/or consumption of alcohol, the legality of prostitution, divorce, age of consent, etc. However, China-Korea ultimately remains a unitary state (as the central government can unilaterally dismiss provincial legislatures) and moves toward decentralization are intended to reduce administrative costs. China–Korea's first domestically-produced battleships (which are also their first dreadnoughts), the twin ships Yalu and Tumen, are commissioned. In addition, ten submarines and three cruisers are also produced. Arms production increases with the production of repeating rifles and their carbine derivatives, field artillery, machine guns, and their respective ammunition. A ten-year program is launched in order to manufacture five million SL-90 Type 05's. The number of active troops (including overseas troops) is maintained at two million, without the enforcement of mandatory service due in part to the size of the Sino–Korean population. Construction on three strategic defense lines (Guangdong, Yangtze and Yellow River) continues, being constructed 50 km inland to protect them from naval bombardment. In addition, a defensive line (though made of light fortifications) is built lining the Amur River. Educational attainment rises, with increasing enrollment into imperial universities. Rapid industrialization and economic modernization continue, aiming to be fully-industrialized by 1920. China–Korea begins to transition rapidly to heavy industries such as steel, commercial shipbuilding, heavy machinery, and petrochemicals; a shift from textiles and synthetic dye production. Agriculture continues to be commercialized. Telecommunications and railway lines are built. The first domestically-produced cars are built, albeit in modest quantities and of modest quality.
    • Tibet (protectorate): Civic buildings are constructed in the capital of Lhasa, which is inhabited by ~20,000 residents. Sedentary living is encouraged, with the little available arable land being intensively cultivated. Major crops include wheat and rye. A garrison of a single brigade (~5000) is stationed there, armed with Needle Rifles.
    • Altishahria (protectorate): More mining facilities are opened in Aksu, exploiting the Tarim basin's mining resources. Lucrative minerals such as soda, borax and jade are the country's main exports to China–Korea. In addition to grains, cash crops are grown, specifically grapes, melons, pears, and walnuts. There is a ranching boom, with many former pastoralists establishing enclosures for livestock. The main product is wool (from sheep), with processing facilities established in the capital and other major cities as preparation for further processing in China–Korea's textile mills. Korla becomes Altishahria's largest city due to continuous migration and its position as a major break-of-bulk point, with a total of ~200,000 inhabitants (one-tenth of the total population). As a result, the Altishahr government relocates there, and various civic buildings are constructed. A garrison of two divisions (~20,000) is stationed there, armed with Needle Rifles.
    • Dzungaria (protectorate): Civic buildings are constructed in Ghulja, which is inhabited by 20,000 residents. The nationalized Dzungar Oil Company increases the scale of their operations in the area, constructing multiple oil mines and refineries. In addition to supplying energy to northwest China, the company also provides kerosene for street lamps as well as other industrial chemicals via distillation. A garrison of 12 divisions (~120,000) is present, armed with Needle Rifles. The bulk of this military force is stationed in the Dzungarian Gate, which is heavily fortified due to its position as the sole overland entry point into Western China.
    • Dai Viet (protectorate): Under the guidance of China, the Vietnamese economy and government structure are radically reformed. The peasantry are taught techniques and granted capital to improve their cultivation methods – thereby boosting productivity. Cultivation of coffee and the raising of shrimp and fish for commercial purposes (mainly for export) continues and is highly successful. In addition, small-scale cultivation of tobacco commences but focuses on quality rather than quantity due to the inability to compete with European possessions in the industry. The border with Burgundian Champa is fortified with trench lines and a fortress. The amount of Sino–Korean troops stationed in Dai Viet is increased to ~150,000, and are joined by ~100,000 Vietnamese troops.
    • Fukuoka (crown dependency): Port facilities in the city are enlarged to accommodate larger traffic. Immigration from Japan is encouraged through tax incentives for skilled laborers, and the opening of positions for new college graduates. Fukuoka's infrastructure is improved, and housing is built for both Korean and Chinese immigrants as well as Japanese citizens residing within the territory. A railway system to ease transportation around the city is planned and will be put into effect by next year.
  • Borealia: The efforts to upgrade the army's armaments continue, and also this year the first semi-automatic rifle is adopted in some limited capacities. The border defensive line is extended to include the entirety of the border in some capacity, with the most defended portions being the southern border, where there is a full border wall and defensive network, the defensive line along the canal near Niagara, and along the border with Avalon. The line also begins being nicknamed the "Merlen Line". The 3"/.23 caliber anti-aircraft gun is finalized and begins production in order to be equipped along the Merlen Line. An upgraded railway gun known as the 9.2" SK is implemented along the border as well. The number of airplanes in use by the air force increases, with the Westen XV being created this year for production. Several other aerospace manufacturers are formed, including Boeing. After presenting the idea of using airplanes to drop grenades on targets below, the air force sponsors the creation of a plane dedicated to the task, and designs are drawn up for a plane designated the Boeing BW-1. A small fleet is dispatched to Ramaaker this year to monitor Lake Ontario, while another fleet is stationed at Erie. Construction of new ships continue, including the nation's dreadnoughts. As part of our agreement with Savannah we deescalate the border in Maryland.
  • Emirate of Afghanistan: Emir Abdul Khan does king stuff. He begins to work on modernizing the nation by asking any nation for support to modernize the nation's workforce and infrastructure.
  • Imperial Swahili Federation: We continue colonial expansion in Northern Somalia, in the south and in the Malindi and Mombasa area. Colonization increases as medicine and weaponry become more widespread. Agricultural modernization continues in Swahili. The Type 21 is being mass produced in the major arsenals of Swahili. The four Malindi-class battleships continue construction. Agricultural productivity continues to rise with the introduction of industrial fertilisers, prompting a boost in population. The first major madrassahs undergoing reform are the madrassahs of Zanzibar, Mogadishu, Malindi and Ibo. Kazi za Mitambo Mombasa develops its first motor design and begins production. Russom begin experiments with industrial machinery more suited for the Aliwa environment. British companies and holdings are slowly bought out or seized through more rigid implementations of the law in conjunction with Belka..
    • Buha: The Bunge chooses to align itself more closely with Swahili. Swahili advisors continue working to modernize and Swahilize Buha.
  • United French Republic: The United French Republic continues to progressively improve as reconstruction efforts continue around the nation, primarily in Bordeaux and Occitania. As more automobiles are produced, sold, distributed, etc, roads and highways begin to be improved as more factories are built across the state. Working conditions improve, in addition to employment rising post-civil war. After the capturing of Siam by Military General Manuel Beaulieu, the state of Siam is quickly consolidated through a means of strength in technology and strategy, using their higher military positions and training to quickly flank and defeat any rebels that remain infighting. The Siamese Monarch, Kasan Aromdee, is forced into signing over both national and international government rights to the French Republic, although remains in his monarch position as more or less a puppet to better allow for the Siam people to continue following laws, accept reforms, and overall accept the French presence in the region. The population of Siam is seven million. Military defensives, of a light fortitude, are created across all of the Siam borders, and is expected to be finished within two years. Submarines are built. French immigration continues to flush into Nigeria and South Africa, both of which have become ~one-third French speaking. Infrastructure is improved in all colonial venture states, with roads being created to better travel and settlement of non-urban land being encouraged. Resources continue to be mined and exported for large profits.

1908

A large af explosion occurs in Tunguska, Russia.

Many independents, or in some cases representative adventurers from various states, make large expeditions to Antarctica.

Russia starts an expansionist push invading Pontus with some 200,000 troops defeating it in a matter of weeks and with Russia leaving it as a puppet state and occupying it. Russia holds half a million troops on its Belkan border just in case.

Germans in Burgundy begin doing some mass protesting and worker strikes for more autonomous state rights, primarily because they want to join the Nathanist Union between the neighboring German states.

Across both Europe and Arcadia, women's right movements begin to appear.

Japan tries to revitalize state nationalism by making some more military improvements.

Commercial amounts of oil are discovered in Arabia and Persia, probably because of how advanced they have become in recent decades.

  • República Ibérica: On May 12th, the country votes in what is considered to be one of the more important exercises in democracy in the century. The ballots offer Iberians the option to either integrate Morocco and Algeria into a “Union of Cadiz” the Iberian city of Cadiz, the oldest city in western Europe, and the location of the negotiations that precipitated this referendum. The campaigns on both sides are fierce with intense debate. With the Iberian votes counted the results are clear. The industrial north opposes the measures on economic grounds while across the south and central where industrial production is lower, the union holds relative support. Iberia votes in favor of union with 52.1% in favor and 47.9% opposed to the new political union. The transition is to take place in 1910 after elections in 1909. The population growth of the past begins to fall-off as fewer and fewer Iberians have the large families so common until recently. Despite incentives, church pressures, and ample food supply younger couples simply no longer believe in the merit of larger families. The population this year is estimated at 54.33 million. The improvement of roads, as well as a tariff on automotive imports, allows both the Herrero Motorworks and the Correia Motor Company to explode in popularity. Both companies are demonstrating large profits. Correia Motor Company’s Model 3 continues its strong sales with another 2100 models sold. Correia introduces a new car, the Model 4, which has improved steering and range when compared to the Model 3. The export of the Model 3 and 4 becomes a common occurrence, especially to France and the United Kingdom. The Herrero Armored Automobile, now a half-tracked system is renamed to the Herrero Half-Track Automobile. Armed with the new Sandoval-Herrero 20 mm Automatic Cannon in a small armored turret, the vehicle is resubmitted to the armed forces as a cavalry or infantry support vehicle. Testing of the Sandoval Auto-Reloading Rifle Model 1907 and the Vento Model 1907 commences this year. Both rifles are shown to have significant flaws. The Sandoval is unreliable after a sand and dust test, while also being somewhat inaccurate. Meanwhile, the Vento rifle is more reliable, but heavy and difficult to field strip. Both design teams are offered a chance to refine their designs with the feedback from the military test. The Iberian Sun Power Company develop more uses for the solar thermal systems. The development of the Sevilla Shipyards, powered by several large concentrated solar thermal plants, causes a minor economic boom in the area. Suddenly, both northern and southern Iberia are able to experience the economic benefits of the industrial revolution. The University of Sevilla Department of Aird Ecology begins a major study of agricultural practices in southern Morocco. The goal of the study is to develop concepts related to the de-desertification of the peripheral areas of the Sahara. The shipyards of Catalonia are in full swing constructing the next classes of the Iberian semiannual ship orders. Construction finishes on the Maximiliano Zapico Stadium in preparations for the 1908 Olympic Games. The next two Castillo-class ships are completed in July and commissioned in October. Meanwhile, the final two ships are launched in late November. Work continues on the design phase of several new classes of dreadnought-type battleships in the coming years. The Andalusia-class Coastal Battleships are delivered to Arabia after several years of construction. Iberian procurement officers purchase 20 of the Brésilian Semi-Automatic Rifles for testing. (Falcon Response)
    • Republica de Morocco: The Moroccan response to the Cadiz proposal is generally positive. The clear economic and political gains which are possible in the Union inspire high rates of support for the proposal. Morocco votes 54.7% in favor of union with the remainder opposed. The national census estimates the population to be 13.08 million. The economy of Morocco continues to grow rapidly due to Iberian investment and technical aid. Due to the advent of solar power, it has become clear that Morocco will be able to develop improved sources of power. Wages hover at just about 96% of those in Iberia, but are rising. The steel industry expands rapidly as does the rail network. Phosphate production develops as a major sector of the Moroccan economy as does the synthesis of phosphorus fertilizer. Agricultural mechanization along with water conservation and management projects led to aggressive growth in the agricultural sector. Reformist Maghrebi Islam spreads with government support. After the decades of conversions, the sect now includes nearly 55% of the population. Culturally, the population has become more liberalized, with increasing importance placed on personal freedoms. Meanwhile, the educational reforms of the previous few years have contributed to rising literacy. With literacy and education on the rise, Iberian becomes a common second language, and a major language of commerce in Morocco. Although it is not part of the mandatory curriculum, many Moroccans voluntarily learn it through classes offered after school. Miguel Raposo and his workers finish the greenhouse and construct a basic version of the humidifier system. There is some confusion as to why the greenhouse was built so far inland, but its operation begins late in the year with the introduction of several basic, dry weather crops.
      • Dependencia de Algeria: An informal referendum on union with Iberia shows 62.4% support with nearly universal support among the Iberian population and low turnout among the Algerian population. The population of Algeria reaches 7.8 million, and of these, 4.1 million are European. The Algerian native population, by now in the minority, is increasingly concentrated on less desirable land.
    • Antillas Ibéricas: The colony continues to enjoy the profits of salt and sugar production. Educational reforms spread as the government promotes literacy and basic mathematics.
    • Indias Orientales Ibéricas: The colony continues to enjoy the profits of spice and rubber production. Educational reforms spread as the government promotes literacy and basic mathematics.
    • África Sudoeste Ibérica: The colonial government of last year continues to solidify its control over the region and begins re-construction Prussian-Gauge rail lines into Iberian Standard Rail Gauge.
    • República Africana Ibérica: The republic continues expansion efforts along the Sahel north of the French holdings in West Africa. Gold and other minerals constitute the major economic sector in Senegay. Oil exploration commences with hopes of replicating the discovery in Arabia.
  • United French Republic: Construction efforts end, as the nation is restored to its pre-civil war state in terms of infrastructure. Domestically, things seem relatively calm and peaceful. Internationally, expansion is made in terms of consolidating proper trade partners and other ventures. In Arabia, French ambassadors offer to purchase the islands of Masirah, Al-Sawda, and Al Hallaniyah for a decent amount of money (Player Response Needed). Due to having large merchant investments and wishing to continue friendly relations on a more closer scale, the French Republic asks to open an official French embassy in Tehran, as well as purchase the sizable port city of Bandar Bushehr, as to allow for further contact between both nations as well as expand the trading agreement settled on decades ago (Mod Response Needed). In China, French ambassadors arrive at Yantai, requestion to possibly purchase a port within the relative region, as to increase trading relations between the two nations (Player Response Needed). In Siam, defensive fortresses are built in Bangkok directly, and in substantially good geographical locations. The local and national militias begin being trained in the usual French military training program. In all French oversea holdings, defensive lines and fortresses are updated. After some prototypes and other testings, the French Air Force is established after the successful production and testing of ten airplanes. In addition to this, the 15 airships already in the primary French military are fully added to French Air Force.
    • Persia: We allow the Embassy, we sell half the port of Bandar Bushehr.
    • Sino–Korean Diplomacy: China–Korea refuses to lease a port to France.
    • Arab Dip: In order to maintain all our alliances, the Ministry of State in Arabia divides our standing foreign relations in three categories: nations such as France, Iberia, Belka, Britain, and Russia are "mutual associates", to which we have close diplomatic ties for mutual military assistance. Other nations in the Middle East such as Persia, Cyprus, Turkey, Egypt, and Morocco are "historical brothers", which are much more closely tied alliances including economically and politically. Other allied nations such as Borealia, Vinland, Brazil, and China are "states of interest", to which we have basic economic agreements and a "general responsibility" of military aid, but not nearly as dedicated as the mutual associates.
  • Federated States of Arcadia: The Vexillological Society of Arcadia has officially been founded by Harry Bailey, Erwin Fein and Julian Strelley. The government of the Federated States of Arcadia pledges to give the society original amount of monetary aid. The reason for the funding of the society is so that it will be easier to follow their guidelines, and to have no trouble if a foreign delegation comes and needs a flag of their country or region. With the amount of funding being 25,000 Arcadian Franks, and this is only the amount given from the Federated States. With the great expansion of the Federated States, comes a new era in Arcadian history. The now officially called settler era is now over but this new era does not have name yet. The changes that happened are also changing the minds of the politicians and the people in the country. This is due to the fact that now that there are more borders to protect, more people to do the fans, and more people to unite. The Arcadian Republican Army gets greatly re-organized, and outfitted new technology of weapons and tools. This re-organization is headed by Marshall Vincent Neri, due to his knowledge of war and battle. As he is one of the only who has been in combat. The army begins to invest even more in forts and defensive lines. 10% of the federal budget going to the armed forces, this budget does exclude the Civic Militia and the Geheimdienst von Arcadia (Gediva). The defensive line that is on the new English border is official split into three locations of line with each a name. The line on the border of the state of Saliye and Bergosorbien and New England is called Easthon line. The line that is the state of Providence and California is called the Neri Line and the Line on the Protectorate of Texas is called the Tejas Line. With the reaching of the Atlantic coast due to Texas our first dreadnought is getting constructed In Houston Harbor, this dreadnought has been named the Helena. At the same time the Helena is built two cruisers are built in New Constantinople. This is with the intention to give the Atlantic fewer and stronger ships and the Pacific faster but less armoured ones.
    • Protectorate of Texas: Work is done to train the army to Arcadian standards. Also, the oil industry begins, with much money flowing in. In the now privatized co-operatives, textile production also makes a fortune. Military-industrial complexes open, and Arcadian Standard weapons are made. Ted Cruz plans to turn Texas into a wealthy vacation destination, so a port is developed on our Atlantic coast, mostly for tourists. It is currently small but growing. Also, car production is planned in five years.
  • Kingdom of Egypt: We offer to calm relations with Arabia and offer to re-establish relations with the nation, but our rivalry will continue. (NATE RESPONSE NEEDED)! Egypt fully supports the Union of Cadiz, and offer to establish embassies in Morocco, Algeria, and Iberia (STEPH RESPONSE NEEDED!). Egyptian nationalism continues to grow throughout the country, along with some anti-Arabian sentiment and of course Anti-Syndicalism. A ban on some countries that have large Syndicalist movements is announced by Omar Ismali this year, these nations are: Poland, The Rhineland, Russia, and certain parts of Britain. More to be added. The economy operates under a State Capitalist System. The Egyptian movie industry begins to rise with the new film hit: “Muhammad the Prophet” which becomes an immediate hit among both Coptic and Islamic audiences. Railroads continue to be constructed throughout the country with the National Railway line connecting all the major towns and villages with the big cities. The Sudan region continues to be modernized and industrialized like it has always been. We request one dreadnought from Burgundy (GUY RESPONSE NEEDED!). We continue to build up our navy to be at least a somewhat capable fighting force with the Al-Nagm-class of ships replacing old wooden ships. Incest is banned. Oil is discovered and oil pumps begin being built throughout the nation, which causes the GDP to skyrocket. The Egyptian Golden Age continues and expands due to the oil discovery. We continue to make our own firearms and military equipment. With the increasing popularity of this new “aero-plane” we begin adopting it into the military, with the new Royal Egyptian Army Airservice which is a part of the Royal Army. Its main purpose is to aid the military with fighting off any other enemy fighters and to drop off reinforcements and supplies to the ground troops. We hold a giant military parade in order to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the founding of the kingdom. Portraits of Muhammad Ali Pasha are everywhere. We invite the world to attend our 100-year anniversary. Radio becomes more and more popular, as it spreads throughout the city of Alexandria the government begins promoting its use as a way to bring the country closer together. We import our planes from Belka and Prussia at the moment. The Mahdi-1 machine gun continues to be used as it’s the most modern machine gun Egypt has right now. Living standards has increased expediently over the past decade or so. Factories continue to be built throughout the nation and they continue to be filled up weaks after they are built. We Send diplomats to France offering to negotiate a new free trade agreement (SOLACE RESPONSE NEEDED!). We Form the Royal Petroleum company this year in order to extract oil and amass vast amounts of wealth.
    • Iberian Diplomacy: The current Egyptian Embassy in Madrid will be moved to Sevilla, the future capital of Union foreign policy.
    • We agree to the move. -Egypt.
    • Arab: We agree to normalize relations.
    • Burgundian Dip: Burgundy agrees to build a dreadnought battleship for Egypt.
  • Kingdom of Afghanistan: Emir Abdul Khan does king stuff. He begins to work on modernizing the nation by asking any nation for support to modernize the nation's workforce and infrastructure. The Emir is couped led by Amanullah Khan. He would then begin to ramp up modernization by working on "the ring road", a plan that would have one major road go in a circle around Afghanistan.
    • Egypt Dip: We send diplomacy to the Afghans, declaring that we recognize the new Emir and would like to establish permanent relations. We then follow this up with proposals of Egyptian companies investing in the nation which would bring in modern tech and would aid in infrastructure. We end our diplomacy with supporting the Ring Road Initiative.
    • Afghan Dip: We accept the proposal of Egyptian companies investing into the nation and the support of the Ring Road. In response to this the Afghan Kingdom would allow the set up of an Egyptian Embassy in Kabul.
    • Egypt Dip: We are glad the Afghans have agreed to our proposal and establish an embassy in Kabul and hope the Afghans will do the same.
  • New England: Custer announces his campaign for Prime Minister for the 1909 election and holds a torchlit rally in Scotsburgh flying the banners of the Anglican Party. Anglican Party ideas continue to be spread in Avalon. Meanwhile, Custer diverts campaign funds to party funds to promote his beliefs in Savannah. The Fenrir Model 1 (OTL Ford Model C) car rolls out into production from the factory in England City. The Submarine fleet is expanded to seven subs. An effort to modernize military weapons leads to the adoption of the M1908 5" howitzer (OTL BL 60 pounder) is put into service along with the M1 3" artillery piece (comparable to OTL French 75 mm gun). Construction begins on Fort Rhodes and Fort Delmarva on either side of the entrance of the Chesapeake Bay. Blueshirt thugs of the Anglican Party are caught up in a minor controversy where by force with military grade weapons run Syndicalists out of a Midwest town. Plans begin on a series of ten coastal defense ships known as the Baker-class (OTL Aran-class CDS). Wellington Arms makes the Model 1908 shotgun. An oil rush begins in Upper Ohio (OTL Ohio). Businessman Seymour Belair markets some aircraft to the army who accept his proposal for US Army planes. High Command begins cobbling together a signal corps. Custer has a secret meeting with former Anglo Front Guerrilla leaders about things. Because of the Borelian border wall, Prime Minister Stewart orders the construction of the "King's Line" in northern New Essex and New Wales. The Monroe Self-Loading rifle is adopted as the M1907 Monroe rifle.
    • Secret Iberian Diplomacy: We would like to purchase several Wellington Self-Loading rifles for testing.
  • Aztlán: With Quilmes commercial districts set up, the population there begins to grow. The government elects to purchase some older-model Westen planes from Borealia to conduct some experimental military adjustments. (player response) Envoys are sent to Hawaii to cool any tensions that might have arisen there during the crisis that occurred there years ago. (player/mod response) The machine-gun armored vehicle begins being produced in greater numbers this year, with major adjustments and testing completed. (mod response, if necessary)
    • Borealian Diplomacy: We agree to sell planes to Aztlán.
    • Iberian Diplomacy: We would like to formalize a friendship with Aztlán due to our cultural and historical ties. Furthermore, Iberia is willing to help arm the Aztláni Army and Navy.
    • Aztlán Dip: We accept Iberia's generous offer, and are willing to extend military help to Iberia in the future.
  • Japan: The Japanese begin to recover from their recent war with the Korea-Chinese Empire, increasing nationalism in the slow painful process of rebuilding their army and navy. In their struggle they ask for assistance from both Burgundy and Borealia. Emperor Meiji decrees that a council is to be formed, Consisting of one representative from each of the eight prefects, and beneath them a council of five from the sub-prefectures, each sub-prefecture council member elected by the people of that province. This allows each sub-prefecture to be in charge of educating, policing, and developing industry In there province. Scientests and engineers are put on the development of airplane technology, to see its applications in the defense of Japan in the futur.
    • Borealian Diplomacy: We accept the offer.
  • Kingdom of Arabia: Industrialization and modernization continues. Radio communication is introduced to the nation along with the telegraph lines that have been used in previous years. Military equipment continues to be upgraded from the Iberian standard. The Shay Al Nass supports the union of Iberia and Morocco. The Ayatollah Al-Baghdadi describes the Morocco government as "exemplary for the Arabs in the 20th century". The House of Wisdom in Baghdad continues to produce the latest scientific ideas. Jabir Al-Lori, while studying in the observatory in the House of Wisdom, discovers that all the galaxies away from ours are moving at increasing speeds, due to their red shift. He documents his findings as a general theory toward the expansion of the universe, known as Lori Space. The Shay Al-Nass decides that the time has come for Arabia to begin funding its own industries to compete with the modern world. With the recent discovery of oil, the government commissions a private company to oversee the exportation of oil to other nations, known as Arab Petroleum (AP for short). However, for now most of the discovered oil is kept for domestic consumption, supplementing coal as power for the industries in the Middle East. In particular, Arabia establishes its first automobile industry in Lebanon, closely inspired by the cars produced in Egypt, but made entirely from Arabian resources. Furthermore, the Shay Al-Nass commissions a new ministry for the creation of an air force, based partly in balloons and personal reconnisance. Arabia agrees to sell the three Omani islands to France, on the condition they 1) confirm their long-standing alliance to the monarchy of Arabia, and 2) provide all the technical knowledge needed to begin creating Arabia's own Zeppelins and airplanes.
    • Iberian and Moroccan representatives thank Arabia for its support.
  • Borealia: As part of a training mission we sent a fleet to Burgundy's colony of New Rhodes (Bermuda). This inspires the military to help create an updated fortress and naval base on the island. The navy finishes the commissioning of its first three dreadnoughts by January 1908 after several years of work. Another three continue or begin production, to be completed by mid 1910. Also, by the end of 1910, the navy expects to have 60 submarines, which will be divided into three groups along the coast. Some older submarines are transferred to Vinland, and we begin jointly building a submarine base within their territory to maintain and repair future submarines. After 1910 it is expected that construction of new ships will slow. A prototype for the Boeing BW-1 is created, and by the end of the year the plane enters production. The final design is equipped with a new invention known as bombsight in the front cockpit, and a cylindrical oval bomb carrier in the lower forward fuselage, which is capable of carrying 12 4.5 kg bombs. The nation's air force creates a tentative goal to build 300 modern airplanes by 1910, the majority being Westen XV's. A group of older planes (ten Westen XIIs, five Westen XIIIs) are sold to Aztlán, and we dispatch a team of engineers and flying instructors to the country to help construct its first airfield. Similarly, 30 planes are sold to Vinland and 20 to Maryland, exhausting the nation's supply of older models. As requested the detachment to Burgundy sent in 1903 is increased to help them establish an air force, including designs and several new Westen XVs. In addition to airplanes the number of Steppen airships in military operation reaches 20, including the first ever Steppens created for bombing purposes. Elsewhere, an inventor named Paulus Jansen creates an aircraft using two 20-foot counter-rotating rotors, driven by a 24 hp engine, which manages to lift off the ground by one foot for 20 seconds (the world's first helicopter). Although the invention sparks others to take interest in the idea, the helicopter is considered unfeasible. The army sees a large increase in the number of Minerva GV5 Panter cars. Additional research into continuous track cars leads to the release of the Rupsbandwagen-8A, an armored car using continous track, as well as a number of artillery tractors using the concept. The government sponsors investment in the nation's oil industry, seeing that the discovery of oil in other states could potentially end Allegheny's dominance over oil production in Arcadia. A government-sponsored expedition is launched to reaffirm the nation's claims in the region. The region of Queen Mary Land (the OTL British and Norwegian claims), first claimed in 1882, becomes the site of a research station. Likewise, on the OTL South Orkney Islands, a research station named Base Veth is constructed in honor of the early Borealian explorer. Additionally, this year Henri Vogel becomes the first explorer to reach the North Pole. Also, this year the Progressive Party manages to pass universal suffrage.
    • Prussian Dip: We have some new ideas for an MG based on your design. Would you be willing to sell around 3000 to 5000 units of the Gheyn Guns to us?
    • Borealian Diplomacy: We agree to send 5000 Gheyn Guns to Prussia, and also offer money and assistance, in exchange for Prussia sharing with us the design for the subsequent gun they produce from it.
    • Prussian Dip: We suppose it's fair that deals should go both ways, we accept.
  • Vinland: Vinland sends an expedition to Antarctica and claims Marie Byrd as Vinland land and renames it St Olof Land. The army is getting modernized with help from Borealia.
  • Kingdom of Burgundy: The three battleships of the Herzog Philippe de Fett-class are commissioned and join SMS Dreadnought, as are the three battle cruisers of the Südleche Bucht-class, which form the core of the new scouting force. It is decided to halt further development of armored cruisers in favor of battle cruisers and light cruisers. Three of the Barrois-class battleships are launched this year, with the last scheduled for next year. Two battleships of the next class, SMS Utrecht and SMS Herzogleche Bourgogne, are laid down. They’re essentially upgrades of the Barrois’s, armed with the same ten 12”/50 guns. The Royal Air Force extends thanks to Borealian assistance. The Singapore Naval Base is upgraded to accommodate greater numbers of submarines. In the Rhineland, pro-Nathanite protests are often met by anti-Nathanite counter-protests, whose participants often use the events as an impromptu beer festival to mock the Nathanites aversion to alcohol. Nevertheless, Queen Viktoria authorizes a Crown Committee to investigate the feasibility of a devolved West Bank Reichstag. Oil production in Aceh and Guyana increases. An envoy is sent to Belka with an offer of an alliance (Feud response, please).
    • Sino–Korean Diplomacy: China–Korea pleads with Belka not to accept the offer of an alliance, as Burgundy is a threat to both Sino–Korean and Belkan interests in Southeast Asia.
  • Kingdom of Prussia: On October 13, 1908, the Prussian country exercises its vote to elect a new Chancellor of Prussia. Ludwig Drumpf of the United Deutsches Party, a former member of the Neutral Party and in favor of a friendlier united German state. He uses his former member status of the Neutral Party to form a coalition ticket in promise to keep Germany generally out of foreign entanglement as much as possible (until something happens). The Conservative and Liberal parties threw their weight around their candidates (Chancellor Alois von Bulow and Heinrich Muller respectively) in order to maintain their amount of seats in the Landtag. In a victory many had expected (due to rise of Nationalism once again in Prussia), Ludwig Drumpf was elected Chancellor when the coalition gained a significant majority in the Landtag. In reality, Ludwig Drumpf had both conservative and liberal policies in mind.  The population this year is estimated at 40.78 million. Drumpf promised an improvement in the transportation system in Prussia in order to improve and quicken logistics for better production. New weapons are produced in Prussia armament. The MG1908S (Maschinengewehr 1908 Spandau) (combination of OTL MG08 and MG08/15) was adopted by the Prussian government that year as the standard machine gun for Prussian ground units, it was a modern adaptation of the Borealian MG (Gheyn Gun) that was produced in 1885. It removed the wheels in favor for a four-legged base, wooden stock, and a pistol grip. It comes in a lighter handheld version, which were also produced to save materials in late production - it allows detachable four-legs in favor of a bipod and a smaller yet reloadable water coolant attached to the side (although it was a little tedious as it is secured with screws and tubes) (OTL MG08/15, except slightly different). Prussia shares its designs with Borealia as per agreement. Updates are made to the Prussian uniform to include more pockets, pouches, and (if they exist) zippers to increase carry and keep them secure. The average Prussian infantryman is divided into several categories (including Rifleman, Assault, Machine Gunner, Sharpshooter), but the most common of those are riflemen. They use the G1898M rifle (Gewehr 1898 Mauser) (OTL Gewehr 98), produced by the Mauser company. Equipped with the standard pistol C1896M (Construktion 1896 Mauser). German engineering company, DMG was formally requested by the Prussian government to produce at least 10,000 military transportation vehicles by the start of the next decade. Upon receiving this, the military of Prussia plans to work to update and outfit the vehicles to better military-graded armor, half-tracks, and mounted machine guns such as the recently produced MG1908S each year (OTL MG08). Possibly armored cars. The Prussian navy completed its first Dreadnought this year, with two more being built that would be expected to be completed by 1910. The first successful Prussian airship “LZ-4” was developed and completed this year, by the Zeppelin company after several attempts. Future designs would take place to try to improve this model into a “heavy bomber”. During the 1908 meeting in Hannover, plans were discussed and the final agreement was drawn up/proposed. This would be called the “Hannover Agreement”. (Mod/Player response required, Here ). More to be added.
    • Egyptian Dip: Seeing as Prussia FINALLY wants to unite Germany and isn’t fooling around, we send diplomats to Berlin in order to re-establish relations.
  • Great Empire of China–Korea: A member of the Conservative Party, Li Shang, wins the elections and becomes the fourth Prime Minister of China–Korea. The Conservative Party pursues a platform of expansionism, and emphasis on industrialization and urbanization; as opposed to the Liberal–Democratic's more isolationist foreign policy, and its emphasis on welfare and equality between rural and urban regions. The Grand Secretariat gives autonomy to the provinces by decentralizing management of the education system into numerous school districts. However, due to Conservative influence within the Grand Secretariat, the Prime Minister successfully lobbies for the establishment of a national core curiculumn and standards, as well as allowing more power to the Ministry of Education (and by extension, the executive government). China–Korea commissions two more battleships, Amur and Huanghe. In addition, Qianlong, the first of her class of battle cruiser, is also built and commissioned. While being heavily-armed like a battleship, she has less armor and utilizes steam turbines as the primary mode of propulsion, allowing her to reach relatively high speeds. This renders all previous armored cruisers produced obsolete. Due to the construction of three capital ships this year, the Dalyeon Shipyard is able to construct only two more cruisers. Hyundai, a retail corporation based in the Korea province, starts manufacturing low-quality but low-cost automobiles using the assembly line to hasten production and lower cost. This allows the corporation to quickly monopolize on the domestic production of automobiles, but it is not readily adopted by the wealthy, who continue importing foreign automobiles due to the latter's higher quality and perceived qualities. Airplanes are also imported. Due to increasing usage of vehicles, horse carriages become obsolete and the government introduces a database and registration system to prevent the theft and as well as identify vehicles. There is increased funding for public transport systems, as government policies result in the urban population booming (as of 1908, it comprises 29% of the total population). Arms production increases with the production of repeating rifles and their carbine derivatives, field artillery, machine guns, and their respective ammunition. Construction on three strategic defense lines (Guangdong, Yangtze and Yellow River) continues, being constructed 50 km inland to protect them from naval bombardment. In addition, a defensive line (though made of light fortifications) is built lining the Amur River. Educational attainment rises, with increasing enrollment into imperial universities. Rapid industrialization and economic modernization continue, aiming to be recognized as a fully-industrialized nation by 1920. China–Korea begins to transition rapidly to heavy industries such as steel, commercial shipbuilding, heavy machinery, and petrochemicals; a shift from textiles and synthetic dye production. Agriculture continues to be commercialized. Telecommunications and railway lines are built.
    • Tibet (protectorate): Civic buildings are constructed in the capital of Lhasa, which is inhabited by ~20,000 residents. Sedentary living is encouraged, with the little available arable land being intensively cultivated. Major crops include wheat and rye. A garrison of a single brigade (~5000) is stationed there, armed with Needle Rifles.
    • Altishahria (protectorate): More mining facilities are opened in Aksu, exploiting the Tarim basin's mining resources. Lucrative minerals such as soda, borax and jade are the country's main exports to China–Korea. In addition to grains, cash crops are grown, specifically grapes, melons, pears, and walnuts. There is a ranching boom, with many former pastoralists establishing enclosures for livestock. The main product is wool (from sheep), with processing facilities established in the capital and other major cities as preparation for further processing in China–Korea's textile mills. Korla becomes Altishahria's largest city due to continuous migration and its position as a major break-of-bulk point, with a total of ~200,000 inhabitants (one-tenth of the total population). As a result, the Altishahr government relocates there, and various civic buildings are constructed. A garrison of two divisions (~20,000) is stationed there, armed with Needle Rifles.
    • Dzungaria (protectorate): Civic buildings are constructed in Ghulja, which is inhabited by 20,000 residents. The nationalized Dzungar Oil Company increases the scale of their operations in the area, constructing multiple oil mines and refineries. In addition to supplying energy to northwest China, the company also provides kerosene for street lamps as well as other industrial chemicals via distillation. A garrison of 12 divisions (~120,000) is present, armed with Needle Rifles. The bulk of this military force is stationed in the Dzungarian Gate, which is heavily fortified due to its position as the sole overland entry point into Western China.
    • Dai Viet (protectorate): Under the guidance of China, the Vietnamese economy and government structure are radically reformed. The peasantry is taught techniques and granted capital to improve their cultivation methods – thereby boosting productivity. Cultivation of coffee and the raising of shrimp and fish for commercial purposes (mainly for export) continues and is highly successful. In addition, small-scale cultivation of tobacco commences but focuses on quality rather than quantity due to the inability to compete with European possessions in the industry. The border with Burgundian Champa is fortified with trench lines and a fortress. The number of Sino–Korean troops stationed in Dai Viet is increased to ~150,000, and are joined by ~100,000 Vietnamese troops.
    • Fukuoka (crown dependency): Port facilities in the city are enlarged to accommodate larger traffic. Immigration from Japan is encouraged through tax incentives for skilled laborers, and the opening of positions for new college graduates. Fukuoka's infrastructure is improved, and housing is built for both Korean and Chinese immigrants as well as Japanese citizens residing within the territory. The layout for the city's railway system is drafted and approved, and its foundations are now established.
  • Imperial Swahili Federation: We continue colonial expansion in Northern Somalia, in the south and in the Malindi and Mombasa area. Colonization increases as medicine and weaponry become more widespread. Agricultural modernization continues in Swahili. The two of the Malindi-class attleships finish construction and forms the Northern Fleet. Agricultural productivity continues to rise with the introduction of industrial fertilisers, prompting a boost in population. The first major madrassahs undergoing reform are the madrassahs of Zanzibar, Mogadishu, Malindi and Ibo. The first entirely Swahili made car, the Duma (Cheetah in Swahili), is constructed by the Kazi za Mitambo Mombasa. The large plains of Malawi and Aliwa meant that planes may have great potential in improving communications, prompting Russom to conduct heavier-than-air aircraft experiments. WIthin public schools, Jugoslavic is slowly instituted as the sole foreign language, while English is removed from curricula, especially in Somalia and Aliwa.
    • Buha: Buha welcomes the immigration of skilled Swahili workers as part of an economic development program.
  • Belkan Empire: As a result of 500,000 Russian troops on the border with Belka, the Empire mans the Moldavia defensive perimeter but also sends an offer to Russia. Belka wishes to re-initiate close cooperative and friendship treaties with the Russian Empire. This year four new Belkan battleships of its more advanced class are launched with another four planned of an even newer developed class with higher speed but relatively the same armor and gun complements. The Imperial army continues to reform itself along a more massed combat doctrine with machine gun and artillery support now as well taking lessons from the last great war as well as potential innovations to be used in war. The Belkan army this begins to field some of the worlds most advanced artillery pieces updating from its old 1870's and 1880's pieces. It fields the 107 mm field gun as well as fielding of the 150 mm Howitzer effectively making these howitzers the absolute heaviest class in the world. The Belkan constitution of the Colonial armies leads to colonies which are able to pull their weight and provide funding for their own armies, specifically Burma, Zaire, and Manila to all begin providing major manpower contributions to the imperial army with Manila being able to field nearly 300,000 of their own troops, and due to proximity to other powers colonies, Burma is noted to have an effective reserve force and a potential for a large standing army of nearly 500,000 to being with, with even more possibly to be added in the later months and years of a war. The Belkan army noticing the volatility of the situation in Europe and the growing threats practically everywhere authorizes the expansion of the Military to include another 500,000 troops putting the Standing armed forces at nearly two million. The massive buildups across europe and even the globe push the Belkan High Command to make notable moves to be able to mobilize hundreds of thousands of troops on a whim should a major war break out. With dreadnoughts being cranked out in every increasing numbers, the unification of Germany imminent and Russia becoming ever more aggressive the Belkan army begins considering any an all options in case of war. The Northern Defensive perimeter is finished as a strategic defensive line straddles the entirety of Belka's border from Trieste to Hungary. Investment into the colonial economies comes at an all time high and a huge strategic buffer of materials is developed to allow Belka to operate for possibly years at a time cut off from her colonies. Belgrad, Sofiya, Plovdiv, Thessograd, Attina, Trieste and every major city containing a major industrial force has large warehouses constructed specifically to handle the issues of supply shortage and to leave Belka with her strategic homeland supply of needed materials. In a grand showing this year, Belka finishes her Trans-Africa railway going from her colonies across Africa to Belkan Maghreb as well as pushing through Egypt linking up to the Arabian railway which has pushed through to link up on the Belko-Arabian border. With a strategic land connection to her land colonies in Africa, the Empire is more connected than ever and with overland railways allowing the mass shipping of forces should a recolt breakout the Belkan high command makes a show of force by doing a "tour de lokomotiv" with nearly 10,000 troops throughout Africa, showcasing Belka's ability to "be everywhere, no matter the cost". The Belkan-House Ethiopian Royal Army is deployed into the remainder of the Congo states beginning their seizure. After careful drilling and exploration over the last five or six years the Belkan Petroleum begins drilling in Ploesti.
  • Savannah: Alexander Calhoun's second year in office involves several shifts in policy. With cooperation from the Syndicalists, Marsanists, and Liberalists, a comprehensive list of work place reforms occur. This includes minimum wage, a limit on hours, and a ban on child labor under a certain age. Women's suffrage passes eventually, too, after discussion and debate. Thomas Jackson has the government create a formal Department of Media AKA propaganda) chaired by journalist genius James Randolph Hearst. The New England Anglican Party is labeled as an extremist group after they are blamed for a series of clashes in the north among Anglican supporters and Savannahian nationalists. Hearst gets to work counteracting the northern state's attempts to influence our people and government. With these stressful proceedings Calhoun orders the northern defense line extended from coast to Texas, and raises the training of troops there. We seek to guarantee the independence of Avalon and ask them for an alliance with us. We also ask for an alliance with Aztlán and Burgundy as a means to ensure our independence and hopefully de-escalate the southern border further. The military works on a line of new rifles, and also on testing the nation's first airplanes at Kitty Hawk.

1909

Very heavy protests in Savannah against the government allying with Burgundy. Support for union with New England.

A series of fatal crashes as well as rising costs by Borealian aircraft and lighter-than-air machines leads to decreased support and calls for a much slower and more stringent testing phase. This spreads internationally (Chill out a bit all of you with the air and the tanks or I will chill you out)

Rhineland and Austria want further assurances of devolution and independence from Prussia than the Hanover agreement offers. Strikes and riots break out in German Burgundy to push for ward reform.

Some Egyptian army generals protest publicly over the diversion of funds to the navy and its dreadnought which no one is sure is necessary.

  • Luba Kingdom: The Luba people are encouraged to improve farming and fishing techniques along the banks of the Lualaba River by their King. Primitive and traditional farming, fishing, iron smelting, palm oil production, low grade charcoal production and salt digging continue as they always did. Traditional oral teachings are taught with bigger amongst the tribal elders and their siblings. Inter tribal/clan unity and co-operation are also encouraged by the king. Most houses are still made of wattle, wood and reeds. The nation is poor and backward by western standards.
    PMIV Luba Kingdom 1905

    Luba Kingdom is in Cream.

    • Luba Kingdom diplomacy to the British, Spanish and Belka (and their African colonies): We wish to trade our animal furs, palm oil, iron ore and salt with you in exchange for some of your copper, many glass beads, some higher grade charcoal, a few steel swords and many cowry shells.
    • Belkan Dip: The Belkan expeditionary force of 80,000 which has currently already begun its mobilization for the invasion of Luba demands the complete and utter submission of the Luba Kingdom, Luba shall become a colony of the empire and gain all the benefits of such. Zaire, Gabon, Kanem, Burma, Manila, all massively improved by Belka's technology and economy. If Luba submits she shall remain an autonomous kingdom within the Zaire colonial confederation, something that would be allowed by the Zaire colonial administration. Refusal will result in conquest. Our Colonial representatives in Novo Thessograd, the Capital of the Zaire Confederation, await your response.
      • Luba Kingdom: The king realises it is best to agree to Belkan demands, but also raises this with the tribal chiefs back in his homeland, too. The chiefs agree, but want make the following demands of Belka first.
        • We can buy some copper, many glass beads, some horses, some higher grade charcoal, a few steel hand tools, some matches, a few steel swords and many cowry shells for a start.
        • Currently we sell you our animal furs, palm oil, iron ore and salt.
        • Learn how to build brick houses.
        • Learn how to make and use horse-drawn plows.
        • For the king (and thus the player) to continue to run domestic affairs, whilst Belka runs all foreign, defence and trade affairs.
      • Belkan Dip: Belka agrees to said requests and the expeditionary force marches in establishing a local presence of the Belkan army in Luba.
      • Luba Dip: OK.
  • Kingdom of Afghanistan: Emir Abdul Khan does king stuff. He begins to work on modernizing the nation by asking any nation for support to modernize the nation's workforce and infrastructure. The Emir is couped led by Amanullah Khan. He would then begin to ramp up modernization by working on "the ring road", a plan that would have one major road go in a circle around Afghanistan. With Egyptian support workers begin to work on the ring road starting with the "Kabul Kandahar Highway". We would like to establish an embassy in Cairo.
  • Federated States of Arcadia: The infrastructure is getting improved. One of the ways the infrastructure is getting improved is by the building of hardened and paved roads which should interior help with the transport of horsecarriages and cars. Although due to the distance, these roads are only built for local and semi-local use. For use over greater distances railroads are being built. Most of these are connections from New Constantinople and other cities in the south to the cities of Providence. While there is use of a new transport technology, this technology is called the light train, while others call it the tram. This is like a train but with the difference being that it is quite light. These trains have a lighter interior than normal trains and have thinner walls than the usual train. This normally would make it more dangerous but due to dispute it goes it isn't an issue. Although not many of trains like these have been built a company called Leonard Fritz Co is beginning to convert trains to these light trains and make them themselves, even if the only offers for these are in New Constantinople and Neu Leipzig. Our first Dreadnought was constructed in Houston, Texas. This is widely celebrated in the Federated States of Arcadia and in outside bordering regions. With the dreadnought some small cruisers were built to protect the Atlantic side of the Federated States of Arcadia and its Protectorate of Texas - although the Federated States of Arcadia admit its weak navy is an issue. To fix this issue Arcadian Federated States Navy begins a program that is called " glory is on land but immortality is on the sea" which points out that generally naval warfare has been seeing a lesser but isn't actually greater then any deed possible. With this progam it also plans to built five more cruisers and one more dreadnought. The Easthon military defence line is still being constructed with the first phase is being over, the first phase being the building and upgrading of transport to these lines. With it being the side. That the Neri line will be the most stationary and strongest defenders one but at the same time it legions have to man a bigger area then those on the Tejas and Easthon lines. The Neri, being constructed of heavy fortifications, are forts with sand or dirt on them to protect them from shells of artillery of the enemy. In between forts there are some fortified Bailey and some small minor sod walls which are mostly used in front of the forts. The Forts of greatest Defence are set back the distance of the average range of artillery. Although those sod walls are quite weak and useless they are just a way to take cover and signal to the artillery, cavalry and the non-scouting groups to get ready - as these sod walls and posts are mostly used as a viewing post and to obscure the view of the enemy. While the Easthon and Tejas line or mostly trenches with some Stone Towers. This or quite loud but this is the meaning to have a more mobile War.Neri Gets accepted by the Esquillo and the Christian peoples party at the their party ruler with many members of the Coalition Against  Syndicalism accepting him as a de facto ruler of their ideals. Combined with this, Neri becomes Minister of Defence and the leader of the General Staff and reporter to the President. To get a better port, the military - to be specific the navy - asks Burgundy if there is a possibility to lease the land around Fort Meyer with the price being 325,000 franks per year with 400 franks per sq mi.(Burgundy Response)If the Burgundese agree to this, there will be an official treaty and ceremony for this event to celebrate the Arcado-Burgundese friendship.
    • Protectorate of Texas: German and Russian slowly begin to be more common as minority languages, as Arcadian citizens move in, and some Texas English move into Arcadia. Oil production increases, causing an economic boom. The Atlantic Port City of Miami continues production, creating some tourists revenue. The farming and textile production co-ops, now privatized, create a lot of revenue, and farmers begin to purchase tractors and industrial farming equipment. Some Blueshirt thugs of the Texan Anglican Party start marching, beating up counter protestors. However, a scandal occurs. A Portuguese-speaking old lady gets beat up by the Texan blue shirts, causing many supporters to turn away, causing only their radical supporters to remain loyal. Also, a plot is revealed that they planned to kill Ted Cruz to seize power. This causes anger among Cruz supporters, who credit Cruz for ending Syndicalist stagnation. The Blueshirts also beat up Anglo syndicalists, making many Texans wonder why they beat up the people they claim to support. The Houston March earlier this year drove 3000 blue shirts, but the latter Dallas march, only 300 showed up, showing their decline. The leader, Huey Long, is heckled by protestors at this point, and substance abuse has been proven. The military begins further organization along Arcadian lines. Fairer laws are implemented to attract immigration.
      • Burgundian Dip: Burgundy agrees to the land lease.
      • OCC: Yeah, I'm calling bullshit. If you read any of my turns, there is no mention of the Anglican Party in Texas. However, I do mention that a New English syndicalist travels there and is apprehended when he returns. -Orwell
      • This is not directly related to your Anglican Party, but our supporters in Texas. You personally had one of your syndies flee back to my country without my permission, so this is hypocrisy. I didn't even involve your country, but these are SUPPORTERS from my country. What I am doing is fully allowed since it is just associated with your movement, not your nation. Sorry, but not sorry. Your turns don't mean shit, except for reference purposes for an Anglican-inspired group. - warrior
  • Kingdom of Prussia: Just as he promised a year earlier, Chancellor Ludwig Drumpf spends the rest of his time when he is not worrying about German unification and improves the transportation system in Prussia while waiting for the next round of negotiations. He builds additional railroads between industrious and smaller areas in order to improve supply and demand of goods while also leaving open room for new jobs to develop in the smaller towns. Prussia accepts Egypt’s offer to establish relations and apologizes for the late reply. The population of Prussia is around 41.1 million people, with an active military of almost one million people (this includes all branches - not just army). Fit men between the ages of 16 and 35 in Prussia are required to set up with the military in either reserves or in availability for draft in case the country is under attack. They lose it after passing 35 but are still able to sign up during times of conflict (so long as they aren’t 50). This year two new Zeppelins (LZ5 and LZ6) were constructed several months apart to further development in airship travel. The idea of producing “heavy-class” bombers from airships is still a possibility. Meanwhile, Prussia updates their air force further and continues to build their dreadnoughts in the Navy. Prussia expects to have two or three dreadnoughts completed or in service by the end of 1910. (Prussia assures that) the Hanover Agreement offer leaves things purposely open-ended so any developments can be decided at a later date. It was implied that upon unification that a (democratic) system of governance would be set up between 1910 to 1912 with an election in 1912. The type of governance would be proposed or set up via discussion. (It could be a new government separate from the rest of the states created by the states or a system like FSA’s for all I care), but it should have to be a form of strong central government to accommodate and represent all states AND at least five representatives from each states can partake in this. Meaning by then, a form of governance can be decided between the states. Pointing out that the agreement allows Rhineland and Austria to help decide where the capital/head of government should be, the name of the country, the flag, and how represented they are (Prussia suggests a bicameral system where ten representatives from each state is sent to the upper chamber, and the lower chamber can be based on population of each administrative district of each state - new laws should pass through the upper chamber before moving to the lower - making equal representation of each state while also appropriately having the populace get equal say across boundaries - because of Nathanism). However, Prussia is open to suggestions from both Austria and Rhineland before 1910/12. There may be a growing conflict in the east that could threaten all three of us. (MOD/Player RESPONSE REQUIRED)
    • Colony of New Hessia: The influx of immigrants of people still loyal to Prussia from former Angola has decreased but remained steady. Those who disagreed with Nathanism still come to the colony to bolster and improve its industry to focus on different ideas of development.
    • Egypt Dip: We are glad Prussia has accepted our agreement.
    • New Granadan Diplomacy: The King Miguel II would like to send diplomats to Hannover during the Hannover agreement to establish good relations with the soon-to-be-formed United Kngdom of Germany.
    • Rhenish Dip: Edmund Schmidt, chancellor of Rhineland, decides to sign the Hannover Agreement anyway, deciding that peace is better than a unification war.
  • New England: Custer and his Anglican Party easily win the 1909 election. Custer is sworn into office three months later. The residence of the Prime Minister is renamed by Custer to be the Washington House, named after famous Anglo-Arcadian general Alexander Washington. Meanwhile, after some debate, Wellington decides to sell a few M1907 SL's to Iberia. Custer's first act in office expands the army to 400,000 men. The Kings Line is expanded upon. With the Texan Anglican Party emerging Custer sends funds to the group to promote the English heritage the nation has. The submarine fleet holds nine subs. Work on the Baker-class CDS ships continues. Members of the Syndicalist Party are arrested and held as a "Concentration Camp" is worked on in OTL northern Idaho to house the Syndicalists. Arthur Kennedy is appointed Deputy Prime Minister. Party member Steve Marriott continues his campaign of propaganda in Avalon, Savannah and begins plans to expand to Texas with the Texan Anglican.
  • Vinland: Vinland asks Arabia for a loan (NATE RESPONSE NEEDED). The army is expanded to 120,000. The parliament votes and passes the Greenland Act which will make the Greenlandic language an official language in Vinland.
    • Arabia: Agrees to give a large loan to Vineland, in total of two million Kronas on a five-year loan. If it is not paid in 60% or more in that time, Arabia will resort to other means to collect the debt.


  • Great Empire of China–Korea: Li Shang lowers personal income tax slightly to 10% (from 12.5%). In addition, taxes on luxury goods are limited to 5%. The Ministry of Commerce is dissolved and is replaced by the Ministry of Foreign Trade. Domestic economic matters are now handled by the Ministry of Finance. The government, under the pressure of the Liberal–Democrats, permits the establishment of provincial-level judicial courts, which will complement the pre-existing provincial legislatures. While provinces will still continue to abide by the national Constitution, they will be given full autonomy in deciding the contents of their civil and criminal codes. To counter this the Conservatives successfully lobby for the establishment of the Supreme Court, which can prosecute provincial governments if they are found guilty of violating the Constitution, and coerce them into revising these violations in-accordance to said document. Li Shang also affirms institutional bilingualism, enshrining Mandarin and Korean's statuses as the Empire's official languages. However, he permits provinces to recognize the usage of regional languages/varieties and allows them to be taught as electives starting in junior middle school (fifth grade). With the recognition of the importance of education and human capital in furthering China–Korea's successes, secondary education becomes compulsory as well as free. As a result, students are required to attend not only nine years of schooling, but 12. Furthermore, junior high school now encompasses grades five through eight (previously encompassing grades six through nine), while senior high school now includes ninth grade as "freshman" year. This decision is thought to aid progression and the introduction of more advanced topics to students. With the sudden boom in the student population, high schools are renovated to accommodate a higher number of people (including teachers and staff). China–Korea commissions two more battleships, Yangtze and Zhuijiang. In addition, one more Qianlong-class battle cruiser is built. Ten destroyers of the Sejong the Great-class are built. Arms production increases with the production of repeating rifles and their carbine derivatives, field artillery, machine guns, and their respective ammunition. Construction on three strategic defense lines (Guangdong, Yangtze and Yellow River) continues, being constructed 50 km inland to protect them from naval bombardment. In addition, a defensive line (though made of light fortifications) is built lining the Amur River. Educational attainment rises, with increasing enrollment into imperial universities. Rapid industrialization and economic modernization continue, aiming to be recognized as a fully-industrialized nation by 1920. China–Korea begins to transition rapidly to heavy industries such as steel, commercial shipbuilding, heavy machinery, and petrochemicals; a shift from textiles and synthetic dye production. Agriculture continues to be commercialized. Telecommunications and railway lines are built. China–Korea offers to purchase the Russian colony of Papua, as it has a significant Chinese and Korean population, and is culturally Sino–Korean.
    • Tibet (protectorate): Civic buildings are constructed in the capital of Lhasa, which is inhabited by ~20,000 residents. Sedentary living is encouraged, with the little available arable land being intensively cultivated. Major crops include wheat and rye. A garrison of a single brigade (~5000) is stationed there, armed with Needle Rifles.
    • Altishahria (protectorate): More mining facilities are opened in Aksu, exploiting the Tarim basin's mining resources. Lucrative minerals such as soda, borax and jade are the country's main exports to China–Korea. In addition to grains, cash crops are grown, specifically grapes, melons, pears, and walnuts. There is a ranching boom, with many former pastoralists establishing enclosures for livestock. The main product is wool (from sheep), with processing facilities established in the capital and other major cities as preparation for further processing in China–Korea's textile mills. Korla becomes Altishahria's largest city due to continuous migration and its position as a major break-of-bulk point, with a total of ~200,000 inhabitants (one-tenth of the total population). As a result, the Altishahr government relocates there, and various civic buildings are constructed. A garrison of two divisions (~20,000) is stationed there, armed with Needle Rifles.
    • Dzungaria (protectorate): Civic buildings are constructed in Ghulja, which is inhabited by 20,000 residents. The nationalized Dzungar Oil Company increases the scale of their operations in the area, constructing multiple oil mines and refineries. In addition to supplying energy to northwest China, the company also provides kerosene for street lamps as well as other industrial chemicals via distillation. A garrison of 12 divisions (~120,000) is present, armed with Needle Rifles. The bulk of this military force is stationed in the Dzungarian Gate, which is heavily fortified due to its position as the sole overland entry point into Western China.
    • Dai Viet (protectorate): Under the guidance of China, the Vietnamese economy and government structure are radically reformed. The peasantry is taught techniques and granted capital to improve their cultivation methods – thereby boosting productivity. Cultivation of coffee and the raising of shrimp and fish for commercial purposes (mainly for export) continues and is highly successful. In addition, small-scale cultivation of tobacco commences but focuses on quality rather than quantity due to the inability to compete with European possessions in the industry. The border with Burgundian Champa is fortified with trench lines and a fortress. The amount of Sino–Korean troops stationed in Dai Viet is increased to ~150,000, and are joined by ~100,000 Vietnamese troops.
    • Fukuoka (crown dependency): Port facilities in the city are enlarged to accommodate larger traffic. Immigration from Japan is encouraged through tax incentives for skilled laborers, and the opening of positions for new college graduates. Fukuoka's infrastructure is improved, and housing is built for both Korean and Chinese immigrants as well as Japanese citizens residing within the territory. The city's railway system is further delineated and established.
  • Kingdom of Egypt: We laugh at the generals that think we are actually paying Burgundy to build us a dreadnought, ha ha! We tell the army to chill out because we aren’t focusing on the navy more and have equally funded both branches. We send diplomats to Kaliforniya in order to establish an embassy in New Constantinople (TULLIN RESPONSE NEEDED!). We continue to hate Arabia and the government simply laughs at Arabia’s continued ignorance of the clear hostilities of the Egyptian Kingdom. We continue to develop our railroad, with the National Egyptian Railroad company connecting settlement after settlement with railroads, further uniting the country. We launch the Royal Highway project that will also connect the entire nation by highway, and will also connect military bases with each other. We send diplomats to Swahili wishing to establish an official free trade agreement (FALLACY RESPONSE NEEDED!). We launch a Zeppelin building project and manage to establish the blueprints for our first Zeppelin which will be used as a “cruise vessel” and will take on the task of doing cruise lines. The company that will operate these air cruise lines will be altayaran almasraa (literally, Egyptian Air) which has received the blessing of the king and funds from the government.Egypt Dip: Diplomats are sent to the Luba Kingdom, requesting the establishment of diplomatic relations and propose for Egyptian Companies to invest massively in Luba in order to help bring Luba into the 20th Century. (LUBA PLAYER RESPONSE NEEDED!). The Red Scare continues with a massive purge of government officials as paranoia spreads through the government and anyone that has maybe slightly radical views are purged and their political careers ruined. More airplanes are made for the military. Mass investment continues in Afghanistan, with construction companies aiding in the creation of the Ring Road, causing the process to excel even faster. (SECRET) The Egyptian Embassy In France sends a letter to the President/Prime Minister of France offering to give Bahrain back to the French in exchange for help in developing the Egyptian military and diversifying Egypt’s trade partners by increasing Franco-Egyptian trade along with agreeing not to aid Arabia. (SOLACE RESPONSE NEEDED!). With Planes becoming more and more trendy and popular, we propose an International Aeroplane race that will take place in Borealia next year. The Al-Ikhwan is formed. It is a nationalist militia group that is supported by the government and is meant protect the king and Egyptian interests as well as secularism.
    • Burgundian Dip: Egypt is informed that if they do not pay for the battleship being built for them, then Burgundy will seize it and either add it to the Burgundian Navy, or sell it to someone willing to pay for it.
    • We will pay for it once it’s completed. - Egypt
    • Federated States Dip: Our government accepts giving Egypt an embasy but they have to know that due to the distance not much can be done with relations.
    • Swahili Dip: Trade is allowed with Egypt?
    • We are NOT asking to be allowed to trade, we are proposing a FREE TRADE AGREEMENT, meaning we trade without tariffs on each other’s goods.
    • Swahili Dip: Sure
  • Japan: Japan continues to build up its army and navy with the help of Borealia and the generals elect to create a light navy division for small land raids. It begins to export some fish and shellfish and sets up tariffs on all products exported to the China-Korea Empire, along with increasing the wages for laborers and craftsmen. A railway begins being constructed from the northern part of the archipelago, to the southern end, to make the spread of resources easier. Industrial farming is introduced. Japan sends ambassadors to Borealia and Burgundy in hopes of forging a temporary alliance, so that they may withstand the rising tensions of the world together.
  • República Ibérica: Preparations for the transference of power begin rapidly. Elections are held in August in Iberia, Morocco, and Algeria to determine the local senators and the President of the Senate. Due to the proportional system, Iberian representatives hold a plurality in the senate, balanced by representatives from Algeria and Morocco. The diplomatic capital for the Union will be placed in Cadiz for ease of access from both parties. The population this year is estimated at 54.6 million. The improvement of roads, as well as a tariff on automotive imports, allows both the Herrero Motorworks and the Correia Motor Company to explode in popularity. Both companies are demonstrating large profits. Correia’s Model 4 enters mass production with 1600 sold this year. The export of the Model 3 and 4 becomes a common occurrence, especially to France and the United Kingdom. The Herrero Half-Track Automobile is tested extensively. The design in approved for service with minimal changes to the powerplant for improved reliability in desert conditions and the addition of a coaxial machine gun. Furthermore, a proposal to up-gun the vehicle is submitted that would remove the turret and replace it with a 75 mm cannon protected by a gun-shield. With global re-armament on the rise, Iberia begins re-investing in advanced artillery weapons systems based on its naval cannon development programs, this leads to the development of a new 75 mm light field-gun, a 100 mm heavy field-gun, and a 150 mm howitzer. There is also interest in developing a new light infantry support gun or launcher which can be used to fire grenades. Both the Sandoval Auto-Reloading Rifle Model 1907 and the Vento Model 1907 undergo redesign processes in conjunction with a military procurement board. The updated Sandoval design integrates a better cover for the gas piston. Additional improvements to the reliability push the weight of the gun over the required maximum. However, this development leads the board to consider procurement for a light support weapon. Meanwhile, the updated Vento Model 1907 features a lighter barrel guard, a more accessible receiver cover, and a major effort to redesign the internal mechanics to avoid excessive use of screws, pins, and other small parts. This is coupled with a move away from using the upper receiver as a structural piece while improving seals throughout the gun. There is genuine interest in producing this gun for military service. With suitable access to field-stripping the gun it is considered in many ways an improvement over the current lever-driven bolt action guns in service, if less reliable and field-strippable. An additional proposal is made, which adds a removable 15-round magazine (OTL Model 8 Special Police). The Brésilian Semi-Automatic Rifles purchased last year are tested alongside the other Iberian-made guns. They fair very well in testing, but the board is unconvinced by the underpowered rounds used by the Brésilian system. However, the durability and reliability of the action, along with its relatively easy field-stripping procedure prompts the board to begin a standardization and redesign phase for the weapons to be chambered in 6.5 mm Iberian. The M1907 SLs from New England are received and perform roughly comparable to the Brésilian guns, several minor differences between the guns are notable, but not that influential on their combat ability. Although the procurement board fails to reach a final decision this year, the Guardia Nacional decides to purchase 10,000 of the Sandoval ARR Model 1907 for urban policing units where conditions are fairly clean, these will come with a 20-round magazine and select fire. The Iberian Sun Power Company develop more uses for the solar thermal systems. The development of the Sevilla Shipyards, powered by several large concentrated solar thermal plants, continues the minor economic boom in the area. The University of Sevilla Department of Arid Ecology expands the scope its study of agricultural practices in southern Morocco to include a wider range of practical methods in agriculture. The shipyards of Catalonia are in full swing constructing the next classes of the Iberian semiannual ship orders. These orders are now expanded to include torpedo boats and submarines. The final ships of the Castillo-class are completed and commissioned this year. Plans for the next class of dreadnoughts are completed and two new keels are laid this year. The Navy organizes the shipbuilding program of yearly classes of two ships built over two years to take advantage of rapid technological advancements. The Galicia-class is also slated for conversion to Coastal Battleships by 1912.
    • Republica de Morocco: The national census estimates the population to be 13.34 million. The economy of Morocco continues to grow rapidly due to Iberian investment and technical aid. Due to the advent of solar power, it has become clear that Morocco will be able to develop improved sources of power. Industrial wages hover at just about 97% of those in Iberia, but are rising. The steel industry expands rapidly as does the rail network. Phosphate production develops as a major sector of the Moroccan economy as does the synthesis of phosphorus fertilizer. Agricultural mechanization along with water conservation and management projects led to aggressive growth in the agricultural sector. Reformist Maghrebi Islam spreads with government support. After the decades of conversions, the sect now includes nearly 57% of the population. Culturally, the population has become more liberalized, with increasing importance placed on personal freedoms. Meanwhile, the educational reforms of the previous few years have contributed to rising literacy. With literacy and education on the rise, Iberian becomes a common second language, and a major language of commerce in Morocco. Although it is not part of the mandatory curriculum, many Moroccans voluntarily learn it through classes offered after school. Miguel Raposo’s greenhouse begins producing fresh produce year-round for the Moroccan people near his operation. A small military re-organization is executed which leads to the creation of several “Berber Cavalry” divisions comprised of natives of Southern Morocco and Mauritania, and armed with lever-driven bolt action carbines.
      • Dependencia de Algeria: The population of Algeria reaches 7.99 million, and of these, 4.29 million are European. After decades of colonial rule Mostaganem now resembles a European city with the demolition of the Algerian Quarter. Modern port facilities allow trade with Europe and beyond. The Algerian native population, by now in the minority, is increasingly concentrated on less desirable land, significant out-migration to Belkan Algeria and Morocco, which is actually partially funded by the Iberian colonial government, helps ease the displacement troubles. Exploration for oil in the interior begins. Shale-oil production begins in several of the shale basins in Morocco. Development of these projects is slow and the resulting fuel is more expensive to produce than most oil generation.
    • Antillas Ibéricas: The colony continues to enjoy the profits of salt and sugar production. Educational reforms spread as the government promotes literacy and basic mathematics.
    • Indias Orientales Ibéricas: The colony continues to enjoy the profits of spice and rubber production. Educational reforms spread as the government promotes literacy and basic mathematics.
    • África Sudoeste Ibérica: The colonial government of last year continues to solidify its control over the region and begins re-constructing Prussian-Gauge rail lines into Iberian Standard Rail Gauge. Exploration for oil is continued.
    • República Africana Ibérica: The republic continues expansion efforts along the Sahel north of the French holdings in West Africa. Gold and other minerals constitute the major economic sector in Senegay. Exploration for oil is continued.
  • Imperial Swahili Federation: We continue colonial expansion in Northern Somalia, in the south and in the Malindi and Mombasa area. Colonization increases as medicine and weaponry become more widespread. Agricultural modernization continues in Swahili. The final two of the Malindi-class battleships are complete and form the Southern fleet. Agricultural productivity continues to rise with the introduction of industrial fertilisers, prompting a boost in population.  The first entirely Swahili-built car, the Duma (Cheetah in Swahili), is constructed by the Kazi za Mitambo Mombasa. Russom builds the first Swahili aircraft, the Russom Mbayuwayu. Foreign engineers are hired in order to improve Swahili adoption of new technologies. English business interests are further denied in Swahili and replaced by Belkan merchants. We move our embassy in Iberia from Madrid to Sevilla and send a delegation to Prussia, Rhineland and Austria in anticipation of the Germanic Union. The Department of War begins research on artillery systems, although a focus on mobile warfare is made to suit the needs in the vast African terrain. Developments into motorized bicycles are made by firms in Malawi, Mombassa and Malindi. We send a delegation to Luba, offering many wares and investment. (Luba Player Response needed).
    • Buha: The first Buha Law Code is complete, modelled after Swahili Law.
  • Kingdom of New Granada: Nathanism continues to grow within New Granada. Riots continue to erupt throughout New Granada as Nathanists led by Pro-Nathanist Politician Rodrigo Saavedra start rioting within the streets of New Granadan cities. During a Nathanist riot in Bogota, King Manuel II orders to put down the riot ordering the New Granadan Military to eliminate the Nathanist rioters resulting in the deaths of over 100 civilians - most of them being Nathanists. As more Nathanist riots are put down Rodrigo Saavedra is placed under arrest by Granadan troops and is detained in a state prison within the Provence of Amazonia. The remaining Nathanists, however, go into hiding forming an underground movement as they are still hunted by the Military ending the Nathanist threat. King Manuel II also accepts the offer proposed by Savannah in 1906 as the New Grandan Government would like to establish an embassy there. As a result of the Nathanist riots the military is increased to a size of 450,000 men (5% of the population) as martial law is declared in regions formally affected by the Nathanists.
  • Aztlán: The airplane technology has a hard time getting off the ground, due to rising costs. However, the first of the old-model Westens is tested this year. Popular support for the program is below average, with people despairing and feeling that money is being wasted on a program that will never come to fruition. However, the military development team claims to be testing an incendiary light enough to be dropped from such planes. In other developments, a sturdy material is derived from resin, but is taken little notice of due to high manufacturing costs (Bakelite).
  • Savannah: We allow the Kingdom of New Granada to construct an embassy, and we are glad that they have accepted our alliance. The alliances we’ve made are kept secret from the public, and we try to distance ourselves from the Burgundian affair. At the same time Hearst works hard to create propaganda turning the national opinions. He mentions a clear Savannahian and southern identity distinct from the northern yankees. Some yankees are also tarred and feathered. There are more clashes with blueshirts, and even some attacks that are orchestrated to turn public opinion. All of this is to ensure that Savannah remains independent in the wake of our neighbors attempting to conquer us, which is the utmost importance to Calhoun and Jackson. Overall the desire to join an extremist nation is not strong anymore. The military is drilled and trained. Airplanes enter production for the first time within the nation, with the military investing in several. The military sends a request to the other airfaring nations of the continent for help. The border is fortified with additional soldiers in the north, now that it is complete all the way to the border with Texas.
PMIV 1909 Thais.

The Thais (Siam) in 1909.

  • Siam: With the revival of an era of agricultural reform and opening up to the world underway, we turn to the future of trade. We say we want to trade with our old allies in China as well as some new Asian nations (White colonial powers are feared and we send some soldiers to guard the crossing points with their possessions). 20 Fire lance, 20 Huochong and 50 Tu Huo Qiang are made and given to the Palace Guards and the Royal Guards. We encourage the better treatment of elephants. As time goes by, several Buddhist 'stupa' class temples are built in Bangkok and rice yield grows slowly as farming is improved slightly at first. We note it is a time of royal lead prerogative and reform. The Yeo, Lao and Shan tribes in the north are enumerated by royal officials and we encourage the Buddhist faith there. The ethnic Cambodians in the southeast and then the ethnic Karren in the west are also later enumerated by these same royal officials.
    • Siam Dip to China: We want to trade some rice and fruit with you each year in exchange for some metal farming tools and better fishing boats\equipment. We also want to make an alliance with China, too.
    • Siam Dip to Japan: We want to trade some rice and fruit with you each year in exchange for some metal farming tools and better fishing boats\equipment.
    • Siam Dip to Nepal: We want to trade some rice and fruit with you each year in exchange for some metal farming tools and building stone. We also want to make an alliance with Nepal, too.
    • Siam Dip to Afghanistan: We want to trade some rice and fruit with you each year in exchange for some metal farming tools and building stone.
    • Siam Dip to Hawaii: We want to trade some rice and fruit with you each year in exchange for some metal farming tools and better fishing boats\equipment.
    • Siam diplomacy to Iberia\Spain: We want to trade some rice and fruit with you each year in exchange for some metal farming tools and better fishing boats\equipment.
    • Siam was occupied and colonized by France two years ago. It is unplayable. -Solace
      • Update the map. - Katie P Perry (talk) (talk) 11:54, September 14, 2018 (UTC)
      • The map is updated every five years (next map being in 1910).
  • Kingdom of Burgundy: Queen Viktoria authorizes the Rhenish Autonomy Act, granting wider autonomy to the Provinces of Köln, Zweebrúcken, and Gülich, such as giving recognition to the Ripurian, Moselle Franconian, and Palatine dialects in the respective provinces, allowing them to be taught in school as part of the official curriculum. In naval matters, five new battleships are laid down over the course of the year; first are SMS Aargau and SMS Bonen, the last two members of the Utrecht-class; next are the two battleships of the Zeeland-class, to be armed with 12 12”/50 caliber guns; finally, SMS Kap Karel is laid down as the first of her class, to be armed with ten 14”/45 caliber guns. Three battle cruisers are also laid down, the two ships of the Normandië-class, and the SMS Thanet, which is a modified design of the former. In Holland, 18-year-old Ronald Fokker constructs his first aeroplane. The alliance with Savannah is accepted.
    • Prussian Dip: (SECRET) Seeing as things are getting more complicated lately, and you are a neighbor of the German nation-states, we ask for your assistance to put pressure (military and/or diplomatically) on Rhineland (and perhaps Austria as well) for them to sign the Hannover Agreement or anything similar with us that would ultimately lead to unification. We would be grateful.
    • Burgundian (Secret) Dip: Burgundy agrees to apply pressure where it can.
  • Belkan Empire: With both sons of the Empire having taken extra years of schooling in many aspects, the Belkan empire sees a crowning ceremony of Crown Prince Sergei Draculesti. Interestingly enough the death of Vozhd Bukharain sees an election for the Vozhd which with no age limit beyond "being a capable adult" the title of Vozhd falls to Ferdinand Draculesti. Together the twin brothers are able to impart untold power. With Sergei's military mind and strong personality, and Ferdinand's fiscal shrewdness and policies toward the colonies and the nation's economy they become an unstoppable political force. For the first time in history the Tsar calls upon his power to conduct flash elections for titles of the Supreme Soviet - and for the first time since the Second Napoleonic Wars, Belka sees its Syndicalist majority fall out of power as a powerful political coalition made up of staunch militarists and corporate interests back the Tsar and Vozhd. The elections are a landslide as many have seen the Syndicalists holding power for too long. The first order of business is the removal of many redundant socialist policies that no longer benefit or drain the state. Ironically Pensions for the military and the government imposed workers rights system are maintained but the fat begins to be trimmed as many programs are found out to be corrupt funneling money into the pockets of overly rich and those who have skirted the "investment laws" already on the books. The government led by the Due is able to free up significant amounts of the budget for the year which is immediately reinvested into colonial infrastructure, training of the colonial armies, a fund built around bolstering the Belkan army, and also the mass upgrade of Belkan infrastructure keeping it all modern and specifically ready to handle the burdens of war. After years of the dominance of the Ali-Bakir motors around the whole of the commonwealth, the Visegrad Auto group released its first automobile. It has taken its time, been fully researched, and is robust but also luxurious car. The Visegrad Model M takes to the streets and sells in droves quickly selling thousands of the vehicle just in this first year causing a demand which cannot be filled. This causes an upswing in competition for the Visegrad autogroup as many other auto firms have been doing the same thing. Saratov Motors, and Tarkovskaya mobilities also rise up planning to run direct competition to the Visegrad auto group. The further development of the Belkan naval force continues with its four new dreadnoughts continuing construction with expected completion date of 1910. The Belkan fleet remains mostly concentrated in its home waters and around Suez with one sizeable force elsewhere in East Asia consisting of its previously showcased East Asia Squadron. The Belkan involvement in the colonies restructuring continues and with the subjugation of Luba most of Belkan's Belgrad congress concession is fully occupied. The development of further doctrine based around massed combat continues with incorporation of support artillery and machine guns becoming more prominent. In a show of personal solidarity to the rest of the continent, Belka signs into law the Fortification Act. It details mobilization for war the likes of which the world has never before seen. Total mobilization of the populace, every resource dedicated to a war, in Belka in particular martial law in place and the transformation of every medium-sized or large city into a fortress. It is not activated as of yet but is left as a sobering reminder to those outside who wish to bring war to Belka. It will not be easy, many will die, and all gloves are off. In secret, however, the chemical warfare divisions of the Belkan High Command develop new ways to deliver gas. Artillery shells, grenades, even just canisters to use in case of a conflict. The Belkan army, after extensive production, fields the new Sarajevo Arms M-1909 bolt action rifle and in some numbers (roughly three per unit of 15 men) the MA-101 Vampir semi-automatic rifle using a gas system and rotating bolt, something unusual in guns of this time. It chambers a 7.92×57 mm round and in field trials looks to be extremely promising. Under executive order the Belkan army brings for only the second time, colonial troops into the homeland bringing 50,000 Burmese troops, 50,000 Manilan troops, and nearly 100,000 troops from its African colonies to test them on their drilling as well as to get the local population accustomed to the possibility of a war fought heavily with domestic and colonial troops.
  • Borealia: Although the government is supportive, much of the population is weary of a unified Germany, with the memory of the German attack still in recent memory. As such the government issues a statement that they would like to form a non-aggression pact with Prussia and any subsequent German state, and if possible an alliance, to ensure that Germany has peaceful intentions. Not only will Borealia grant its symbolic blessing to the unification, it will also pledge to aid the new German state in upgrading its technology and military, if the German state(s) agree. The government is confident that cooperation can occur, after the recent trade deals between Prussia and ourselves. We decide to send military aid to Savannah as part of their general request to neighbors for military aid. It is hoped that this will be part of the process toward repairing relations. The heads of the nation's air force ban the media from observing aircraft tests, after their reports scare people into not supporting the air force. In order to allow for better testing the government slows development of new aircraft, focusing for now on the tested Boeing BW-1s and Westen XVs, and the building of its current order is also slowed. In armored cars the production of new Minerva GV5 Panters, Rupsbandwagen-8As, and artillery tractors continue. There is a scare that in the event of an English invasion the nation's English population, now almost entirely in the southern states, might aid the invaders, and the nation begins implementing its migration policies more heavily in the south. Internment camps are built all across Allegheny and Unamia, with many of their inhabitants being migrated elsewhere in the nation, or to Vinland, Guyana, Kuba, Greenland, or the Pacific. Vanuatu sees heavy settlement from nearby territories such as New Zealand, as well as from Borealia. With the fort and docks finished at Vilahaven the nation focuses on other infrastructure, including an airfield.
    • Prussian Dip: We are open to signing an NAP with you.

1910

600,000 Russian soldiers invade Artna while 300,000 remain in Pontus on the borders with Arabia and Persia.

A lot of people in Arabia and Vinland question why Arabia is lending Vinland money.

Mr. Hearst is murdered by a cabal of military officers who dislike his outsize influence.

  • Kingdom of Arabia: New sports are worked on this year, mainly improving the soccer and rugby teams in preparation for later international events. The Olympic teams of Arabia are also trained carefully. Cities are modern metropolitan centers, as one might expect. The oil industry has kept the nation internally wealthy, and well supplied for domestic consumption. The military has upgraded modern artillery, a vast modern cavalry division and modern equipment imported from Iberia and Belka. Airplanes are developed to create a local air force in the future with help from France. We consider Russia's unprovoked attack on our vassal in Artna a direct threat to our national sovereignty, and their military presence on the border a direct threat to our nation as well as a clear violation of the Treaty of London which they signed. Arabia therefore mobilizes much of its military to the borders of Turkey and Ararat, including all forms of land forces necessary to defend from this threat. We call on the nations of Belka, Britain, and France who we are allied with to see the clear threat Russia makes on the world oil supply in the Middle East, and its threat to Belkan interests in the Black Sea. [PLAYER RESPONSE]
    • Uniõ Diplomacy: A Berber Cavalry Volunteer Battalion of 1200 men armed with a mix of Vento Self-Loading Model 1910s and Sandoval ARR Model 1907s are allowed to travel to Arabia to fight for the defense of Islam. The equipment is provided at production cost under the condition that the commanders send back reports on the combat effectiveness of both rifles.
    • We thank you for the extra help, and place the company at the front lines in Anatolia
    • Uniõ Diplomacy: So long as the Union remains at peace, Morocco will be permitted to send as much as 20% of its armed forces in accordance with the Pact of Damascus.
  • Kingdom of Egypt: Seeing as how Arabia fears Russia, we Send a delegation to Moscow offering the establishment of relations and an alliance between the two (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED!). We continue to fund the military. Factories continue being created and filled throughout the country as Alexandria becomes as busy and modern as a European city. We continue to claim Palestine. We once again offer Luba to help build their economy and modernize them via Egyptian companies investing in the country and Egypt supporting infrastructure projects. (LUBA RESPONSE NEEDED!) Luba agrees.-- User:Todetode . Egyptian culture is a mixture of Slavic influences, Arab influences, Coptic influences, and even some revived ancient Egyptian traditions. This year, Omar Ismali’s second five-year turn ends and he steps down from office as his successor, Asim Lapis of the Royalist Party - same party as Ismali - becomes the new Prime Minister of Egypt with his campaign goal being the continuation of the Mass Industrialization, keeping the 20th Century Egyptian Golden Age going. Egyptian Economists, who have become more and more independent and reliable over the past few decades claim that at the end of the decade Egypt should be a mighty regional power and the most prosperous nation in Africa and one of the most prosperous in the Belkan Commonwealth. Asim Lapez proposes to the entirety of the civilized world to meet in Alexandria to discuss making certain rules to war in order to lower the casualties war creates (PLAYER AND MOD RESPONSES NEEDED!). We continue to have a mandatory six-month military service for all males 17 and up. The National Egyptian Railway continues being built connecting the nation even more closely together; the railway shall be finished by next year. Ali Bakr Motors establishes a branch in Afghanistan, where the newest model: The Al-Babil (named after the famous Caliphate-era scientist Yahir Al-Babil) and the much older but still relatively recent Beatrix model being sold. Sports teams continue to train endlessly, with the coaches being taught in Belka or Europe, and the teams coming up with new tricks. We send a team/pilot to the international air race, his name is Bashr Mahil. The Red Scare ends this year. Ali Bakr Motors releases its first truck to the world and begins to grow in popularity in cities such as Suez, Alia, Alexandria, and Giza and begin shipping them overseas. We continue creating forts in Egyptian controlled Suez Canal. Food begins to be stockpiled in unknown areas.
    • Russia declines relations with Egypt so as not to offend Egypt's suzerain, Belka.
    • Arabia will attend this conference in Alexandria
  • Luba: We build a new school in the capital, start training the first few horses and several brick buildings are erected.
    • Luba Dip: We agree to Egypt's economic and internal investment plans for Luba.
    • Belkan Dip: Belkan colonial government officials block the investment plan citing Belka's trade prefence policies with its colonies and Egypt falling outside this preference for various reasons. Belka also requests Egypt withdraw its alliance offer from Russia as Russia is currently invading a major Belkan ally and trading partner.
    • Luba Dip: We agree to Belka's demands. The king resigns and offers his responsibilities to the Belkan colonial government.
      • Luba Rex Avaunt: The king leaves with his court an a few dosen followers, exits Luba to the north, and heads a few miles (two px) northward into the unexplored black zone to the north of Luba to settle down in exile. He is met by a Twa-Pygmy tribal leader and welcomed to the one px wide zone of exile. Over the next month 100 people, two of the 17 tribal chiefs, a brick maker and a witch doctor all go to the place of exile. They go into hiding and cut off from the outside world other than the local Twa-Pygmy tribe they met earlier and now live next to.
  • Uniõ de Cádiz Union. With the ascension of the Union government in Cádiz, Iberia, Algeria, and Morocco are joined in their external affairs. Domestic policy remains highly decentralized and conflicting domestic policy is to be resolved by means of the courts. Integration of the military commences boosting standing troop strength to 500,000 with a reserve of over one million. The overall population stands at 76.63 million, with 54.87 in Iberia, 13.67 in Morocco, and 8.09 in Algeria. Economic growth continues with strength throughout the Union. Algeria and Morocco both see wages rise to levels near that of Iberia proper, although both regions still fall behind Iberia in universal infrastructure. The interior of Morocco becomes increasingly developed, and sound water-management practices have improved crop yields massively. Shale oil production offsets some Iberian oil imports but is unable to supply even 5% of the country’s needs. The Iberian Sun Power Company develops more uses for the solar thermal systems, which now account for 5% of the electrical supply. It is also estimated that solar heating systems save several thousand tonnes of coal a year. Sevilla begins industrializing in earnest with electricity produced by solar concentrators powering factories in and around the city. The University of Sevilla Department of Arid Ecology expands the scope of its study of agricultural practices in southern Morocco to include a wider range of practical methods in agriculture. Both Herrero Motorworks and the Correia Motor Company demonstrate large profits thanks to tariffs and an early start that allowed them to develop international markets in France and the UK. Correia’s Model 4 continues mass production with 1800 sold this year. The export of the Model 4 becomes a common occurrence, especially to France and the United Kingdom. The Herrero Half-Track Automobile enters full production and armed with a 20 mm autocannon it is one of the most well-armed combat cars in service. The modern artillery designs approved last year also enter production and service. The forts along the Pyrenees are outfitted with several 310 mm guns from older Union battleships which are being upgraded with more modern firepower. The procurement division of the Union Armed Forces begins a competition for the development of an infantry-borne support weapon. This contest results in several dozen applicants including many smaller cannons and a strange launch-tube capable of firing grenade-like shells. The Rifle Procurement Board of last year reaches a final decision. It will recommend the introduction of a select-fire version of the Sandoval ARR Model 1907 for supporting fire as a company support weapon. Plans call for 50,000 to enter service rapidly so that one-in-ten soldiers will be equipped with the guns in 1914. Additionally, a Union derivative of the M1907 SL is considered. Rechambered for 6.5 Iberian, the action is beefed up to handle the full-sized rifle round. This requires some design changes which are carried out by Vento Arms. The Vento Self-Loading Model 1910 is recommended for adoption by cavalry and support forces, and is expected to eventually replace older Iberian lever-driven bolt action rifles. Construction on the next classes of the Iberian semiannual ship order is in full swing. The two new ships of the Marrakesh-Safi-class are launched and completed late in the year. Another two ships are laid down in line with the yearly shipbuilding program. The Galicia-class ships are stripped of their guns and much of their machinery for their refit to Coastal Battleship specifications.
    • Antillas Ibéricas: Although the economy still depends on sugar and salt production, travel and tourism begin to have a substantial impact. Resorts are built and port facilities updated to facilitate vacationers from all over the New World and Europe.
    • República de las Indias Orientales Ibéricas: Rubber becomes the primary export of the colony as modernized agricultural methods spread. The native population is granted home rule under a republican model similar to the former Moroccan government. Iberian advisors remain to protect Iberian national interests, but aside from foreign and trade policy, the people are left to their own devices.
    • Angola: Now firmly under the colonial government, Angola begins rapid economic growth. With the genocidal Prussian colonial practices lifted, reconstruction of the native societies begins. Infrastrastructure is built to extract the vast natural resources in bauxite, iron ore, copper ore, manganese, and others. Rather than ship these raw ores the long distance to Iberian or Moroccan ports, construction of several mills for steel, aluminium, copper, and manganese begins.
    • Mauritania: Expansion into the Sahara continues under the guidance of Tuareg and Berber tribal leaders. The colonial government is re-organized to distribute power to many of the local leaders. While the Union controls much of the economic policy it adopts a rule that respects local customs as much as possible to facilitate peaceful coexistence. Commercial activities with the nomadic native groups are encouraged to help bring more unity to the region.
    • Senegay-Guinea: Having expanded into the remainder of the Sahel, the colonial government of Senegay-Guinea is organized as a single polity. The government has a system of Iberian governors and a native-run bureaucracy with each distinct cultural group governing themselves to some capacity. These internal divisions are recognized in government, but are not allowed to influence the economic programs across the region which emphasis bauxite, gold, iron, and oil production and exploration.
    • Arab dip: Given our closer relations, Arabia asks for Cadiz to enter the Pact of Damascus, due to the large number of Muslims in its state.
  • Federated States of Arcadia: The new mode of transport - the light train - has been set to use for the first time in history. Although this is a small route it has been successful. It being slower than a heavy train but faster than being on foot. The smaller maintenance costs compared to the heavy train has been beneficial - with these trams using an electric alternating current motor. The issue with these AC motors is the fact that they have a higher starting building cost and is that electricity has to be provided to these light trains constantly.The second phase of the building of the Easthon lines is getting started. This phase is the building of the facilities that are needed right behind the defence lines. These are well suplied and well kepth utilities behind the 3rd line. These Utility rooms are mostly made of bricks and cement with some of the staff rooms being made of reinforced concrete. These ulitities include Saunas, post offices, bars and pubs, Ulame fields and more things to make the soldiers disconnect with the front. The Tejas and Neri line also do get these improvements but with some twerking due to there climate being quite hot compared to the Easthon line. Behind the Tejan line saunas are being replaced by swimming in the nearby lakes and Rivers. To cool off in, and on the Neri line they look into having foxholes and other manners to hide from the sun.
    • Protectorate of Texas: Oil continues to be extracted. The Co-ops begin to grow, a few into major businesses - the tourist port on our Atlantic coast. The first environmental reforestation program is declared. More Texans moving out to other parts of Arcadia, and Arcadians moving in occur. In the face of aggression from the unpopular Blue-Shirts, who are known for beating up homeless people and elderly, a new Texan identity forms. Texans begin to distrust New England's intentions, and seeing what they are doing in New England fear the tyranny could speed here. The "Blue Scare" begins. A plan is devised to transform Dallas into a city of high rises, a true metropolis. Meanwhile a new ideology spreads from a prominent Texan intellectual, Max Stirner "Anarcho Egoism." His ideology is disliked, so he moves out of the country and is in hiding, hoping for success elsewhere.
  • United French Republic: Logistical support, in the form of weapons selling and general military equipment products, are offered to be sold to Arabia at a discounted ~30% (Player Response Needed). With the recent expansions by Russia made in the Near East interfering with French affairs, the state of Persia is offered to be military built-up with French military equipment and artillery pieces as to help set up proper defensives, under the agreement that Persia becomes a protectorate of France (Mod Response Needed). Siam continues to be incorperated as a colony, with the city of Bangkok being developed in terms of infrastructure. French settlers from the mainland begin arriving into Siam, and with some government-funded settling in the mix, French culture and region-specific customs begin to become more apparent. The islands purchased from Arabia begin to be developed into modern naval bases and a major port-stops between the French mainland and French Siam. French oversea territories are developed further by their local and regional governments. The currently active French army stands at 400,000, with an additional 400,000 reserved, and up to 1.7 million able to serve under the conditions of a possible Great European War-esque conflict were to occur. Two new dreadnoughts enter production while the originals from 1906 are finished and docked in harbor. The French Air Force expands from ten to 15 airplanes, plus the additional five airships built bring the total airship count to 20. Elephant Cigarettes begin spreading throughout South East Asia.
    • OCC Warrior: Sorry, but I question Persia being able to simply declare itself a protectorate when it's under Arabia's wings, this should be Nate's decision. 
    • Arab dip: Persia will enter a joint protectorate of France and Arabia, with shared suzerity. However, economic policies are retained the same. Also, in times of peace French military is not allowed in Persia outside of the existing port access
  • Borealia: As per the nation's alliance with Arabia a small expeditionary force is dispatched to Arabia under the command of Jan Heutsz, and a fleet under Paulus Merlen. Troops via Vinland are also sent toward Alaska to put pressure on Russia. The government requests that a peace summit for the war be held in Borealia, our only request personally being that Alaska be released as an independent nation. The war is also seen as a possible way to test some of the nation's recent military additions. We request building an airfield in Arabia in order to use planes in the region. Similarly armored cars are employed for the first time outside Arcadia. We sign a non-aggression pact with Prussia and the German states. (More to come)
    • Aztlán Dip: What threat does Russia pose at this point so far? The troops are concentrated in Anatolia, right?
  • Vinland: 30,000 troops are sent to our border with Alaska. The Vinlandic Air Force is formed as a branch of the army with 25 planes with more being purchased from Borealia (BOREALIA RESPONSE NEEDED)
  • Hungary (Yes, I’m finally playing!): The Hungarian nation has been doing well with its small army of 40,000 and its population of about nine million. The craze of oil (the new technologies planes and tanks) has brought the Hungarian economy even higher. Hungarian officials would like to sell oil, just state how many barrels you need and I will give you a price for them. Also, Hungary would like a faithful ally or two. European nations are what we want, but we can take anyone. Thank you! (Player Response Needed
  • Protectorate of Uluru (British Protectorate): Following the death of his father, Emperor Djalu IV, his son, also named Djalu, ascends to the throne as Emperor Djalu V, a man significantly more ambitious than his father. Upon his coronation he almost immediately fires the incompetent advisors of his father, almost all of whom were appointed due to nepotism or for political reasons and had little actual skill with their jobs. Djalu soon replaces them with competent people he actually trusts despite the anger of several powerful families which were kin with the advisors he fired. This includes the influential Bakan of Yolgnu, who is by far the most powerful Northern Bakan and controls most of the naval forces of the Protectorate, and could be a major threat if he rebelled. To assuage his anger and to gain access to the advanced ship-building techniques of Yolgnu, which are much more advanced than any other Bakan's, Djalu agrees to marry the Bakan's daughter, Dukajja, and the wedding is concluded within the year. Djalu also has his sisters married for political alliances, with his older sister Nyuri married to the powerful Bakan of Eora and his younger sister Dulika married to the Bakan of Tiwei.
    • Djalu also begins efforts to modernize his country, starting by beginning the construction of a great port and ship dockyard in Ngarrindjeri on the Murray River, to replace the small and very outdated one that currently exists, which has been neglected for centuries. However, before long he realizes he and those currently in his service have little experience with constructing something like this, and he would likely need outside assistance. He solves this problem by summoning the Bakan of Tiwei (who has significant experience from vastly expanding the already existing port in Tiwei) to Ngarrindjeri, and securing his aid in constructing the new port and future naval base by marrying his younger sister to him. Although the port, which is intended to be able to host several future navy ships and dozens of merchants, is a large expenditure and will require both a lot of resources and a large amount of money, the one good thing Djalu IV left behind was a rich treasury so for now Djalu has more than enough resources to build it without bankrupting himself, though it will still be difficult. 
  • Aztlán: As the 1910 census is taken this year, it is found that the population has grown to a hefty 32.2 million people, up almost ten million from 1885. This year, Geronimo Fontes dies in his fourth term in office, from (surprise, surprise) old age. A quick election is held, and Brian Neves Amaral wins the position of Gran Gouvernor. He advocates for the establishment of schools in rural areas, such as northern Aztlán. With Russia's recent display of aggression in Anatolia, Aztlán officially decrees the protection of Novorossiya at an end (after 69 years), but no other actions are taken for the time being.
    • OoC Aztlán: Please, whoever is doing this accent crap, please stop! 
  • New England: Custer passes several bills which put more of the national budget into the armed forces. Work on the Baker-class ships continues. The Submarine fleet is put up to ten active subs. After over five years of information and propaganda, Avalon is offered to join New England to form what Custer calls the "Commonwealth of Albion" (Mod Response). We also offer an economic and military alliance to France (Solace Respond).
  • Great Empire of China–Korea: Two battle cruisers and two cruisers are commissioned this year, completing the goals of the Naval Bill of 1905. The Naval Bill of 1910 is ratified, intending to replace the Northern Fleet. It will build two new classes of battleships and battle cruisers (weighing 27,500 tonnes and 20,000 tonnes respectively), in order to remain competitive navla-wise. The number of active military personnel is at two million troops, divided into five main divisions–in addition to 50 divisions (~500,000 troops) stationed in overseas territories and protectorates. Seeing the current conflict between Russia and Belka, as well as Russian action in Arabia, China–Korea increases the number of troops stationed along the Amur River. The defensive lines at the mouth of the Three Rivers are completed, as well as the Amur defensive line. However, the consisting largely of light trenches spanning thousands of miles, rather than a comprehensive set of batteries and fortifications characterizing the former three lines.
    • Tibet (protectorate): Civic buildings are constructed in the capital of Lhasa, which is inhabited by ~20,000 residents. Sedentary living is encouraged, with the little available arable land being intensively cultivated. Major crops include wheat and rye. A garrison of a single brigade (~5000) is stationed there, armed with Needle Rifles.
    • Altishahria (protectorate): More mining facilities are opened in Aksu, exploiting the Tarim basin's mining resources. Lucrative minerals such as soda, borax and jade are the country's main exports to China–Korea. In addition to grains, cash crops are grown, specifically grapes, melons, pears, and walnuts. There is a ranching boom, with many former pastoralists establishing enclosures for livestock. The main product is wool (from sheep), with processing facilities established in the capital and other major cities as preparation for further processing in China–Korea's textile mills. Korla becomes Altishahria's largest city due to continuous migration and its position as a major break-of-bulk point, with a total of ~200,000 inhabitants (a tenth of the total population). As a result, the Altishahr government relocates there, and various civic buildings are constructed. A garrison of two divisions (~20,000) is stationed there, armed with Needle Rifles.
    • Dzungaria (protectorate): Civic buildings are constructed in Ghulja, which is inhabited by 20,000 residents. The nationalized Dzungar Oil Company increases the scale of their operations in the area, constructing multiple oil mines and refineries. In addition to supplying energy to northwest China, the company also provides kerosene for street lamps as well as other industrial chemicals via distillation. A garrison of 12 divisions (~120,000) is present, armed with Needle Rifles. The bulk of this military force is stationed in the Dzungarian Gate, which is heavily fortified due to its position as the sole overland entry point into Western China.
    • Dai Viet (protectorate): Under the guidance of China, the Vietnamese economy and government structure are radically reformed. The peasantry is taught techniques and granted capital to improve their cultivation methods–thereby boosting productivity. Cultivation of coffee and the raising of shrimp and fish for commercial purposes (mainly for export) continues and is highly successful. In addition, small-scale cultivation of tobacco commences but focuses on quality rather than quantity due to the inability to compete with European possessions in the industry. The border with Burgundian Champa is fortified with trench lines and a fortress. The amount of Sino–Korean troops stationed in Dai Viet is increased to ~150,000, and are joined by ~100,000 Vietnamese troops.
    • Fukuoka (crown dependency): Port facilities in the city are enlarged to accommodate larger traffic. Immigration from Japan is encouraged through tax incentives for skilled laborers, and the opening of positions for new college graduates. Fukuoka's infrastructure is improved, and housing is built for both Korean and Chinese immigrants as well as Japanese citizens residing within the territory. The city's railway system is further delineated and established.
  • Kingdom of Burgundy: The four battleships of the Barrois-class are commissioned, along with the Utrecht-class SMS Bonen, completed nearly six months ahead of schedule. Two ships of the new Wacht-class of battle cruisers are laid down, along with the two sister ships of the Kap Karel laid down last year, and along with the keel of SMS Maryland (a design modified from the Kap Karel-class). Several light cruisers, and a new class of destroyers enter commission. A second squadron of submarines is assigned to the Singapore station. In turn, the four Holland-class pre-dreadnoughts are recalled to be put in reserve. The Navy begins retiring the Austrasien-class battleships, with Austrasien being sold for scrap, and Kales retired and also sold off.

1911

The mandatory military service in Egypt comes under scrutiny with the general public, with many citizens arguing that many high-profile Egyptian royals do not have to commit to the military. With this, many speculate about corruption on-going in Egypt, and demand answers/reform on the mandatory military service.

The Polish Commune becomes engulfed in a civil war after the collapse of the regional economy and the subsequent rise in unemployment. The People's Sovereign Alliance, advocating for the return of a free republican state, is able to capture large territory after promoting the image for ethnic superiority of the Polish citizen against the German and Russian. The leader, Wilhelm Latka, projects the need for the collapse of Communism and the return of the Commonwealth's land. His speeches are able for him to gain a very large following.

Syndicalist rebels lead a Mestizo nationalist revolt against the Burgundian dominion government, deposing the Governor-General and local government and proclaiming a syndicalist republic.

Russians denies any independence for Alaska, citing it as core territory.

Some Moroccan political activists declare that the recent unification with Iberia is the destruction of the Moroccan nationality and its image. These political activists envision the creation of a greater Moroccan state expanding across Maghreb and all of West Africa. These activists organize, and proclaim the People's Republic of Morocco within the far out reaches of the Sahara, and are quick to take territory and gain a sizable following within these rural, undeveloped, and overall unsettled regions.

  • New England: Wellington Arms patents a new semi-automatic pistol design which is adopted as the M1911 Wellington (OTL M1911 pistol). Custer proclaims that Savannahan nationalism is a joke and that the Arcadian Anglo's were forever meant to unite. (scraw said yes) The Commonwealth of Albion is proclaimed as unification occurs between New England and her Avalonian brothers. A new flag is adopted to reflect the English heritage of the nation.The army is expanded to 400,000 active men. Factories are constructed across the Midwest to increase production of weapons. July 27th is proclaimed as English Heritage Day as it is the day the first King of England was crowned. Construction of Baker-class ships continues. The submarine fleet is at 13. Construction starts on the CAS New Essex of the newly planned New Essex-class battleship (OTL Utah-class battleship). With the situation in Russia, Custer declares neutrality in any conflict in Arcadia, until Alaska is attacked by a power. Construction of the King's Line is completed as a series of trenches and barbed wire faces the Borelian brick wall. Custer also secretly starts to invest in rail guns.
  • Brésil: The alliance with Venezuela is accepted, and an embassy is established in the capital.
  • Kingdom of Arabia: Until Russia backs down from Belka's ultimatum, the Shay Al-Nass declares war. 300,000 troops are sent to seize back control of Artna, bringing in medium artillery, medium cavalry, and the Berber Cavalry loaned from Iberia. An additional 150,000 are added to the attack from our reserves stationed in the bordering regions. This attack strikes from the south, launched from Tayinat up to seize Karaman. Coupled with this is a direct strike north against the Caucasian territory, using heavy artillery, heavy cavalry and 300,000 troops, in addition to the military sent from Morocco. Experimental aircraft is deployed to the front lines as well as a test for future warfare. This second attack launches from Shirvan through the mountain pass in Georgia and assaults Tbilisi. In addition, 100,000 Persian troops are deployed to attack Russia in Azerbaijan and distract them from the assault on Tbilisi. We ask Belka, our ally, to aid in these attacks against Russia [Player Response]. The created drafting system is put into place, drawing up an additional 250,000 troops in reserve. An air team is also sent to the international air race. 
  • Savannah: After Hearst is murdered he is replaced by James Creelman. All cabinet members are granted large security details. As the Anglicans are now openly assassinating members of the government, Creelman works to heavily discredit for their terrorist activities. The media is controlled by the state in our attempt to limit the number of people being radicalized by Blueshirts. Counter militias are formed by the Savannah Patriots, who fight back against the Blueshirts and stop them from wreaking havoc against civilians. We ask that New England end their support for the Blueshirts, but we fear their government may be too far gone. We also advise our ally Avalon to reject a union with the dangerous New England government. The air force is founded as a separate branch from the land force for the first time. A team known as the Daredevils travels to the air race hoping to strike big, flying a Kitty Hawk F airplane pilotted by James Scott. A linguist named Arthur Webster compiles a new dictionary for the Savannahian dialect, which features different spelling and pronunciation.
  • Kingdom of Egypt: King Muhammed Ali III makes a public speech today in Alexandria, but this time he isn’t doing it from the balcony of his palace, he is on the ground, in the center of the city, speaking directly to and around the people, declaring that he will reform the mandatory military conscription to also include high ranking royals as long as they are 17+. With the Moroccans revolting against Iberia, we declare a neutrality but highly sympathize with the rebels, with Egyptian weapons mysteriously ending up in rebel hands via the black market. The National Egyptian Railway is completed this year, with most of the nation’s settlements being connected, and those not are connected to a major city or nearby city via paved road. PM Asim Lapez, in the fear that its possible that corruption could be a growing issue, tasks Al-Ikhwan, a paramilitary organization, and the Royal Bureau of Investigation in investigating possible cases of corruption inside government institutions, and to report it directly to him when found. Progressivism and Nationalism are the dominate ideals of the Egyptian people at the moment as Egypt moves toward a new era. Suez City explodes in wealth after these few years in action, and has become a popular sight for trading ships passing by, both Egyptian and foreign. We propose to Belka a military and political alliance treaty to be signed in Suez City, officially creating the Suez Pact, in order to counter Russian influence (FEUD RESPONSE NEEDED!). Factories continue to be built across the nation, and are rapidly filled up. The Convention of Alexandria begins this year in 1911, post on the page if you’re participating, and feel free to lodge proposals to craft new rules for war! (Here). A massive project is launched by the Royal Family that involves either filming or taking pictures of every settlement, every road, every train track, and every landmass and landscape in Egypt, in order for all the pictures to be stored in the archives and for life in Egypt and what Egypt looked like at this time to never be forgotten. We deploy our now larger and more modern navy, including our dreadnought, to blockade the two Russian ports in Anatolia, declaring them to be a threat to Egyptian sovereignty and to international trade in the Mediterranean. Meanwhile, war propaganda begins being made in order to prepare the populace for all out war and to stand by our Belkan allies. With the Belkans declaring war on the Russians, we, with approval of parliament, declare war on the Russian Empire. Immediately, the ships that have blockaded the two Russian ports begin shelling it, while troop transports set sail toward a massive landing.
    • Belkan Dip: We agree to the Suez Pact.
    • Arab Dip: We attend the conference in Alexandria, due to our long standing committment for fairness, civility and humanity in warfare. Foreign Minister Hussein ibn Ali is sent.
  • Uniõ de Cádiz: Rather than let the so called “People's Republic of Morocco” gain the legitimacy it so clearly seeks, the Union Senate asks the Republic of Morocco to deal with this matter internally. As such the Moroccan government continues its standard operations of postal, policing, and taxation in the area. The militants, living on the edge of the Sahara, can offer the Moroccans in their “state” nothing but the potential for bloodshed, and the legitimate Republic of Morocco is unwilling to fire the first shots in that war. If the rebels wish to wage war against their own people, they have that right, but they must choose war. Just as a precaution, the government calls up its share of the Union Army, 100,000 men, as well as the special Berber Cavalry Divisions created in 1909 to emergency levels of readiness with troops deployed to garrisons at cities and passes through the Atlas Mountains. Plans are drawn up to raise the Moroccan portion of the reservist army, and Moroccan leaders explicitly and repeatedly state that no Iberian or Algerian troops will become involved in any war. The Republic also begins the rapid construction of a modern road network in an effort to integrate the more far-flung regions in the south which have yet to fall under the influence of the so called “People's Republic of Morocco.” A light rail line is also built between Agadir and Ouarzazate with expected completion in 1912. The overall population stand at 77.37 million, with 55.14 in Iberia, 14.01 in Morocco, and 8.21 in Algeria. Despite the crisis in Morocco, economic growth continues with strength throughout the Union. Algeria and Morocco both see wages rise to levels near that of Iberia proper, although both regions still fall behind Iberia in universal infrastructure. The interior of Morocco becomes increasingly developed, and sound water management practices have improved crop yields massively. Shale oil production offsets some oil imports but is unable to supply even 5% of the country’s needs. The Iberian Sun Power Company develop more uses for the solar thermal systems, which now account for 5% of the electrical supply. It is also estimated that solar heating systems save several thousand tonnes of coal a year. Sevilla begins industrializing in earnest with electricity produced by solar concentrators powering factories in and around the city. The University of Sevilla Department of Aird Ecology expands the scope its study of agricultural practices in southern Morocco to include a wider range of practical methods in agriculture. Both Herrero Motorworks and the Correia Motor Company demonstra large profits thanks to tariffs and an early start that allowed them to develop international markets in France and the UK. Correia’s Model 4 continues mass production with 1800 sold this year. The export of the Model 4 becomes a common occurrence, especially to France and the United Kingdom. The Herrero Half-Track Automobile enters full production, armed with a 20 mm autocannon it is one of the most well armed combat cars in service. A dozen of the Herrero Half-Tracks enter Moroccan service as an Armor Company in the 2nd Moroccan Infantry Division. The modern artillery designs approved last year also enter production and service. The procurement division of the Union Armed Forces tests many of the devices from last year's competition. The most impressive of which is a light grenade launching system based on a small tube with a light, impact detonated, powder charge. The Moroccan Crisis puts this on hold as money is redirected to production of arms and material to outfit the Moroccan Army with modern weapons as quickly as possible. Construction on the next classes of the Iberian semiannual ship order is in full swing. The two new ships of the Aragon-class are launched and completed late in the year. Another two ships are laid down in line with the yearly shipbuilding program. The Galicia-class ships have their internal machinery rebuilt and are on schedule for the 1912 completion year. The Union Army asks to purchase reconnaissance aircraft from France, as well as French instructional and maintenance expertise. (Solace Response, Please)
    • Antillas Ibéricas: Although the economy still depends on sugar and salt production, travel and tourism begin to have a substantial impact. Resorts are built and port facilities updated to facilitate vacationers from all over the New World and Europe. Although long the benefit of investment from Iberia and elsewhere, the colonies in the Antillas still struggle to improve living conditions. To help combat this, efforts are made to liberalize trade and taxation policies for the islands, and nearly all corporate and trade taxes are abolished. In their place a single sales tax is introduced, as well as a very low income tax on those who earn more than five times the minimum wage.
    • República de las Indias Orientales Ibéricas: Rubber becomes the primary export of the colony as modernized agricultural methods spread. Iberian advisors remain to protect Iberian national interests, but aside from foreign and trade policy, the people are left to their own devices. This involves massive investment in education and infrastructure.
    • Angola: Now firmly under the colonial government, Angola begins rapid economic growth. Infrastructure is built to extract the vast natural resources in bauxite, iron ore, copper ore, manganese, and others. Rather than ship these raw ores the long distance to Iberian or Moroccan ports, construction of several mills for steel, aluminium, copper, and manganese continues.
    • Mauritania: Expansion into the Sahara continues under the guidance of Tuareg and Berber tribal leaders. Commercial activities with the nomadic native groups are encouraged to help bring more unity to the region. The governance rules, along with negotiations, promises of power and prestige, money, and weapons lead to many Berber tribal leaders supporting the Unionist cause in Mauritania. These groups are asked to interdict any growth efforts by the People’s Republic of Morocco.
    • Senegay-Guinea: Economic programs across the region which emphasis bauxite, gold, iron, and oil production and exploration. These programs include building roads, railroads, mines, refineries, mills, and also schools and teaching centers to build a skilled labor force to work in these facilities.
  • Great Empire of China–Korea: The Mu-in Islands and Gajan Islands (Korean renderings of Bunin and Kazan respectively)–the southern two island chains comprising the Nanpō Islands–are consolidated into the overseas territory of the Dongbu Islands. A military base in established Solibwon (the Korean rendering of Ogasawara) municipality is established, and settled with 20,000 military personnel, while the 300 Japanese residents are either given Sino–Korean citizenship or migrate to mainland Japan. Meanwhile, decades of modernization and unequal wealth distribution result in a distinct bipartisan split between urban (and the satellite towns) and rural regions. In order to consolidate their dominance within Sino–Korean politics, the Conservatives lobby a controversial legislative bill that would establish a voting tax (~5%) applied to one's income, placing the poorer, left-leaning rural regions at a disadvantage. The Supreme Court eventually rules that the bill is constitutional, as everyone still has the right to vote. Another controversial bill establishing educational requirements for voting (which would prohibit adults who have less than eight years of schooling) is narrowingly rejected by the Grand Secretariat. As a result, unrest develops within the poorer inland provinces and provinces inhabited by ethnic and religious minorities, though they are disorganized and in small-scale. With the establishment of the Central Fleet (based in Shanghai), China–Korea asserts itself as a premier naval power and the foremost naval power in Asia. In order to promote national pride, the Beijing National Convention is opened, based on the Nanjing National Convention in 1890. However, this time the artifacts and art pieces presented are more regional in-scope and also include contributions from ethnic and religious minorities. A total of 48 ships are decommissioned from the Sino–Korean Imperial Navy. 35 ships are sold off to Vietnam, consisting of ten cruisers (including four remodeled armored cruisers) and 25 obsolete destroyers–which are fitted with only two or three torpedo tubes, and have a displacement of 1400 tonnes instead of six torpedo tubes and a displacement of 2000 tonnes as with the Sejong the Great-class destroyers. In addition, 25 patrol craft are replaced from the Sino-Korean Imperial Coast Guard, with the replaced ships also stationed in Vietnam and are reclassified as small corvettes. In the Dalyeon Naval Arsenal, two battleships, two cruisers, and 25 destroyers are constructed. Arms production increases with the production of repeating rifles and their carbine derivatives, field artillery, machine guns, and their respective ammunition. Educational attainment rises, with increasing enrollment into imperial universities. Rapid industrialization and economic modernization continue, aiming to be recognized as a fully-industrialized nation by 1920. China–Korea begins to transition rapidly to heavy industries such as steel, commercial shipbuilding, heavy machinery, and petrochemicals; a shift from textiles and synthetic dye production. Agriculture continues to be commercialized. Telecommunications and railway lines are built. In accordance to its military alliance with Belka, and its desire to reclaim the northern portion of the Amur Basin once under the jurisdiction of the House of Ayzik (a cadet branch of the House of Kim) as well as hamper Russian presence in East Asia, the Grand Secretariat proclaims a state of war against Russia. A total of 800,000 troops are stationed in Manchuria, along the border with Russia in preparation for a future offensive, excluding the 150,000 overseas troops already stationed in the Dzungarian Gate. With closer supply lines and the area's proximity to industrial and population centers, as well as the Stanovoy Range and negligient naval presence in the East inhibiting a Russian response, China–Korea is confident it will win a conflict against Russia.
    • Tibet (protectorate): Civic buildings are constructed in the capital of Lhasa, which is now inhabited by ~100,000 residents (as indicated by the 1910 Census)–a five-fold increase from a decade ago. Sedentary living is heavily encouraged, with the little available arable land being intensively cultivated. Major crops include wheat and rye. A garrison of a single brigade (~5000) is stationed there, and are now armed with modern bolt-action rifles.
    • Altishahria (protectorate): More mining facilities are opened in Aksu, exploiting the Tarim basin's rich mining resources. Lucrative minerals such as soda, borax and jade are the country's main exports to China–Korea. In addition to grains, cash crops are grown, specifically grapes, melons, pears, and walnuts. There is a ranching boom, with many former pastoralists establishing enclosures for livestock. The main product is wool (from sheep), with processing facilities established in the capital and other major cities as preparation for further processing in China–Korea's textile mills. Korla becomes Altishahria's largest city due to continuous migration and its position as a major break-of-bulk point, with a total of ~300,000 inhabitants (1/15th of the total population). Various civic buildings are constructed there. A garrison of two divisions (~20,000) is stationed there, and are now armed with modern bolt-action rifles.
    • Dzungaria (protectorate): Civic buildings are constructed in Ghulja, which is inhabited by 20,000 residents. The nationalized Dzungar Oil Company increases the scale of their operations in the area, constructing multiple oil mines and refineries. In addition to supplying energy to northwest China, the company also provides kerosene for street lamps as well as other industrial chemicals via distillation. A garrison of 15 divisions (~150,000) is present, and are now armed with modern bolt-action rifles. The bulk of this military force is stationed in the Dzungarian Gate, which is heavily fortified due to its position as the sole overland entry point into Western China.
    • Dai Viet (protectorate): Under the guidance of China–Korea, the Vietnamese economy and government structure are radically reformed. The peasantry is taught techniques and granted capital to improve their cultivation methods–thereby boosting productivity. Cultivation of coffee and the raising of shrimp and fish for commercial purposes (mainly for export) continues and is highly successful. In addition, small-scale cultivation of tobacco commences but focuses on quality rather than quantity due to the inability to compete with European possessions in the industry. The border with Burgundian Champa is fortified with trench lines and a fortress. The amount of Sino–Korean troops stationed in Dai Viet is increased to ~200,000, and are joined by ~200,000 Vietnamese troops; three-fourths are stationed along the border with Burgundian Champa and the rest in forts established in Dai Viet's mountainous Western border as well as the capital. A series of highly modern villages are constructed along the border with Champa, in order to showcase Dai Viet's economic boom under Sino–Korean investment and guidance, as well as to encourage defection. A 60-ship fleet comprised of ten cruisers, 25 destroyers, and 25 corvettes is established, being referred to as the Dai Viet Squadron.
    • Fukuoka (crown dependency): Port facilities in the city are enlarged to accommodate larger traffic. Immigration from Japan is encouraged through tax incentives for skilled laborers, and the opening of positions for new college graduates. Fukuoka's infrastructure is improved, and housing is built for both Korean and Chinese immigrants as well as Japanese citizens residing within the territory. The city's railway system is further elaborated. A total of 100,000 troops are stationed in Fukuoka; with 25,000 troops stationed in Tokyo.
    • Sino–Korean Diplomacy to Japan: China–Korea lobbies for the increasing of Sino–Korean military presence in Japan, from 125,000 troops to 200,000 troops. China–Korea states that such a change would benefit both parties, especially in-case of Russian aggression. In addition, China–Korea extends its offer to be an associated state which would have full sovereignty and suzerainty (in-contrast to the protectorates under Sino–Korean jurisdiction, which only have autonomy in domestic affairs).
  • Provisional Government of Germany: The Provisional Government of Germany was formed in 1910 but was declared by 1911 by the Provisional Government from the temporary Volkstag in Hannover. All friendly nations are invited to the celebration of the formation of the new German unified state. Election of a new German Chancellor will happen later in 1912 that would mark the end of the Provisional government. (ALL? PLAYER RESPONSES, PLEASE) The German state holds well over 55+ million people with their addition of roughly 14 Million from Rhineland. Since the addition of Rhineland, the national army (Vereintwehr, "United Defense") alone numbers over a million troops due to the combined force of former Rhenish and Prussian troops. The German government holds that all states are allowed to have state militias (Volkswehr, "People's Defense") no bigger than 100,000 troops (depending on population). The provisional government enacts its first acts for infrastructure; roads, railways, factories, and other places were being built to connect Rhineland and Prussia. (SECRET) The German government provided secret funding into Austria and Rhineland to help encourage pro-unification movements and events. Mainly in Austria to start a pro-unification revolution or coup around next year, propaganda for unification were around since the formation of the Nathanist Union but such effort has been renewed in order to cross beyond the country to neighboring German states to help ‘push the population’ toward a favorable view on unification. (End Secret) Seeing it is the due date has past 1910, the German diplomats offered a unification (Hannover Agreement) agreement (perhaps maybe referendum this time) to Austria one last time, citing that Belka has signed the treaty while they were occupying Austria. They point out that several attempts from each state have been made to unite Germany for the past centuries, but failed due to a twist of cruel fate. Germany encourages to not make the same mistake again. The rest can be sorted out by 1912. Here (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED). More later.
    • State of Prussia: On New Years day of 1911, the Prussian King and the rest of his living royal family of Prussia traveled from around the country to a small party in celebration for the New Year in the countryside. The family tradition has gained ground since the King Maximilian III’s growing age. He was seen by many as the content grandfather of Prussia and enjoyed the sunrise from the picnic party signalling the first day of the year. The family and guests enjoyed the party, but they didn’t expect what would happen next on this yearly tradition. It wasn’t until later that day when everyone in the party went inside one building to eat breakfast when an explosion ripped throughout the building. The building slowly collapsed, and when help had finally arrived - there were no survivors of the incident. The incident would be known as the “Landschaft Incident”. Police found little evidence of who planted the bomb, papers theorized Anti-Nathanites who were against the tolerant king, Nathanites who opposed the heretical "Nathanite" king, anti-monarchist terrorists, another nation, or the government themselves. To avoid an all out panic, Ludwig Drumpf (now governor but is running for Chancellor) declared a state of emergency and mobilized some reserves of the Prussian army. Placing 100,000 of themselves at the borders of Rhineland and Austria with permission of the national government, although some in the government were wary, with the most of the rest of the army (+500,000) placed in cities in order to lockdown and secure Prussia. (Secret preparation to invade). Prussia had finally lost its royal family, there were attempts at searching for the next living relative in the Prussian royal family but searches turned up blank and the only form of power left was by the democratic civilian government located in the Landtag. Prussia was on its final steps toward accepting the new democratic government.
    • State of Rhineland:
    • Colony of New Hessia: WIP
      • Burgundian Dip: Queen Viktoria will attend the celebration, and offers an alliance to the United German government.
  • Belkan Empire: As a response from the Russian nations overt advance on Arabia and Belka's defensive pact with the Arabian kingdom, the Tsar and the Vozhd known as the "Brothers Draculesti" make their announcement known of a state of emergency not willing to call it a state of war yet. Unwilling to see Belkan prestige damaged by an unwillingness to help a vital trade partner and defensive ally, the Tsar himself speaks before the people in Belgrad as well as the army which is broadcast using a new technology, the radio of which many of been put in many important locations across the country mostly in major cities. "People of Belka, from the True Belkans, to our many colonials and to those citizens who live and work abroad. Our state stands at the precipice of a new era. We have enjoyed almost a century of isolation with only minor exceptions. This was a golden age of our nation which sadly has come to an end. Our rivals all arm themselves to the teeth, great steel ships, large armies, thousands upon thousands of guns, massive batteries of artillery. We have stood by and benefitted from our deals and friends abroad as they have benefitted from us. Now is the time that we must make our stand. We have sat back and watched as other powers close the gap, waited silently as the world passes over us. Belka was a sleeping giant until the war with Napoleon and what have we become? the Silent and gentle giant? No, Belka is the Colossus, the Juggernaut, and I ask of you my people to stand with your Tsar, and your Vozhd. There is a great war coming, and what I ask is not easy. I ask you to make sacrifices our leaders have not asked since the Great Crusade against the Turks all those years ago. Shall we stand and fight to keep what we have taken, or shall we watch as our power slips from our grasp." The speech is not met with cheers, or applause, but a stunning silence. Hours later the Fortification act is activated as law. The Economy preparing for war sees some increase in productivity due to patriotism but what is seen next is the near complete callup of the reserves first units. The Belkan army standing at two million swells adding nearly one million reservists who are mobilized in short order. The effective military staffing system and well planned logistics and equipping trains are able to bring these men in short order and more reservists are told their time will come soon. The army swelling to nearly three million brings the Belkan army budget for the first time in years to swell considerably, contracts are ordered, and new guns of its semi-automatic and more noticeably is bolt actions are increased, machine guns are produced as is artillery. The Belkan navy this year after a delay commissions four of its new dreadnoughts putting four more down of yet another updated class. The Belkan navy is mobilized as well. While mobilization is underway the Moldavia defensive perimeter is fully manned with nearly 750,000 men and another 250,000 sitting directly on the border with Russia. with nearly 200,000 colonial troops from all over the empire sitting in training barracks in Belka the empire mobilizes these 250,000 troops as a home guard for the time being as yet another 300,000 troops are sent to support the arabian assault. Knowing Russia will not back down the Belkan Supreme Soviet unanimously declares a state of war between Belka and Russia albeit in a state of unanimous reluctance thinking the Russians would never have gone this far after signing a treaty of friendship not even a few years earlier. The Belkan navy marshalls a battlegroup, the Black Sea battlegroup consisting of ten dreadnoughts, 14 protected cruisers, ten light cruisers, 25 destroyers, and 14 frigates as well as the attendant supply fleet which immediately sail through the Straits of Vasili and take control of the Black Sea coast over of Anatolia.. More ships are kept in reserve for the possibility of a greater conflict erupting. The Entire country is put on the high alert and the economy begins to fully switch into militarization. Cities begin to be fortified near the borders. The City of Chisinau begins to be heavily fortified and just near the border the 250,000 strong defensive force begins to dig in with trenches setting up machine gun emplacements and artillery batteries. The colonies are also called into the war and their contribution to the war effort is solidified as raw materials begin to be shipped along the long developed railway network. Colonial troops also begin to be heavily developed and called up as the Empire effectively begins to marshall its entire colonial empire for the first time in its history.

Vinland: Vinland sends 10,000 volunteers to help Arabia in their war against Russia.

  • Kingdom of New Granada: With King Manuel II continuing to persecute Nathanists many pastors throughout New Granada begin operating Nathanist Programs within their churches reviving the Nathanist Movement within New Granada - though these activities are mostly keep secret from the government. At the same time the 1911 Elections takes place with the introduction of The Gran Colombian Syndicalist Party, a Left-Wing Political Party, recently formed shortly after the crushing of the nation-wide Nathanist Riots as the new party having five delegates. As a result of the elections Roldão Queiroz (Leader of the Conservative Party) is elected as the new Palestrante of New Granada. The Kingdom of New Granada would also like to purchase the all Burgundian warships that have been laid down or sold for scrap in the previous years. Also with the recent Revolt in Cuba, the New Granadian Government would like to purchase the Burgundian territories situated in OTL Jamaica, Cuba and parts of the OTL Southern United States in order to prevent any other bloody rebellion within Arcadia and Laurentia and in return, Burgundy will receive an additional 5% of the all trade fees and transport taxes as 15% of it have been split between Burgundy and Belka. (Burgundian Response needed) With the current situation in Europe King Miguel II announces that the Kingdom of New Granada will support the Belkan Empire against the Russians as 50,000 troops are sent to Greesaya in order to assist the Belkan Empire. As a result of the 1910 census the population of New Granada has reached ten million civilians with the New Granadian Military reaching 600,000 men with more men being recruited as a result of the tensions in Europe along with the establishment of the Free Republic of Venezuela in which Nathanists have established a strong political position which currently concerns the King.
    • Burgundian Dip: The pre-dreadnought battleships Burgundy are currently retiring are over twenty years old and are thoroughly obsolete. If New Granada is still interested, then Burgundy will be willing to sell the battleships.
  • Hungary: The Hungarian nation has increased military size to 100,000 people, and a fortication around the powers of Russia and Belka. Meanwhile, the first railroads are being built to Debrecen and Budapest, and communication between the cities is reaching two hours. Trade has also increased, with the Hungarian economy gaining to a GDP of about $60 billion. Next, Hungarian officials have been sending advisors to other nations, requesting alliance. Please respond if you are interested. Other issues with Hungary include a colonial interest. We have sent adivisors around Ethiopia to claim and gain interest within the land. Finally, an oil surge throughout the region has decreased oil prices, so please contact if you are interested in the oil. Thank you!     

OCC warrior: Ethiopia is a protectorate of Belka, who has a monopoly on the economy there, so that will probably not work.

  • Japan: Japan continues the rapid industrialization of the farmlands, along with finishing the construction of the rail line. The opening of the first rail line is attended by the emperor himself and the first locomotive to go on it is christened ”Sun Spear”. Japan continues exporting sea food worldwide, with tariffs still on Chinese goods. Japan sends a diplomat to Hungary, in effort to create a defensive pact. The light navy has its first military practice in the Pacific, which is met with enthusiasm in the Imperial palace. Finally, Japan researches the practical applications of lighter-than-air craft above Tokyo.
  • Protectorate of Uluru (British Protectorate): Work continues on the port of Ngarrindjeri, as thousands of workers from Ngarrindjeri and the surrounding cities are hired to help construct the port, overseen by the Bakan of Tiwei and the skilled and experienced architects he has brought with him. However, after numerous accidents kill or injure several of the workers work is temporarily put on hold well the worker safety standards are completely overhauled. This slows down the construction by several months, but no more workers die and the construction is able to procced at a much faster pace without that worry, and the increased safety standards and high worker wages encourage many poor Uluran's from surrounding regions to travel to Ngarrindjeri in the hope of finding work helping to construct the port.
    • Eventually the Bakan must leave Ngarrindjeri, as he still has many responsibilities to oversee the state unit he is supposed to run and gather tribute from (both for the Emperor and for the British) as the Bakan of Tiwei. However, before departing he gifts Djalu with several ships from his large personal fleet and gives a heartfelt goodbye before he leaves. The Bakans and Tijila's of several other regions also become interested in the project and begin funneling building materials and money into the construction in the hopes of speeding it up, since the increase in trade through the port will likely benefit them in addition to the Emperor, and the increase in trade along the Murray River, one of the most populous areas on the continent, will also be majorly helpful to almost everybody in the country due to the bettering of the economy
    • Near the end of the year it is discovered that the Empress, Dukajja, is pregnant. This causes a great deal of celebration throughout the Protectorate and the Emperor soon summons all of his Bakans and some especially powerful Tijila's to Ngarrindjeri to celebrate this occasion. A great celebration is held throughout the city to commemorate the Empress pregnancy and it lasts three days, with the workers on the port being given those days off to celebrate. Most of the common people don't care that much about the pregnancy itself, since they don't typically see their Emperor or his family, but the free excuse to revel and celebrate is relished and used to the fullest, as people fill the streets during the celebration. After the festivities have finally winded down and the celebration has been concluded, Djalu makes several important announcements to the gathered nobility. The first is that he will soon be creating a proper court in the palace, so both the nobility and the common people will be able to petition him (though in practice he plans to appoint somebody else fairly high ranked to oversee these petitions on most days, since he expects he will be too busy running the Protectorate government to actually sit through the court and judge these cases, so only the most vital and important of these cases are likely to actually reach him). Second, he announces that he will be instigating a tax decrease of 2.5% for those who can prove to their local tax collector that they are literate in Yura, the Protectorate's official language, with a further 0.5% tax decrease for those who can prove they are literate in English as well. This encourages literacy rates to rise by a high amount among the nobility, many of whom see a great benefit in a 3% tax decrease (mainly among the Tijila, since it is much harder to run an entire state-unit without being able to read or write than it is to run an individual city). This also encourages a rise of literacy rates among richer members of the lower-class and the middle-class, mainly merchants and prominent members of individual cities, since it gives them an actual motivation to become more literate if it means they can increase their profit, though it does relatively little to improve the literacy rates of the common people.
    • Finally, Emperor Djalu announces that he is officially standardizing the language and currency of the Protectorate, due to no real policy changes having been made on these issues for many years despite many conditions within the Protectorate changing immensely from when they were instituted. He changes the official currency from Taro, the closest thing to a standard currency the country had at the time these laws were made, to the Pound Sterling, which is the currency of the Protectorates colonial masters in the British Empire, and is already commonly used in many areas of the Protectorate. He also announces that the locally manufactured Obere Coins will serve as a secondary currency that will also be officially accepted, although use of the Pound is heavily encouraged. This sparks anger and surprise in many areas due to the suddenness of the announcement but the fact that these currencies are already widely used throughout the Protectorate and that the new laws also allow for the free conversion of local currencies into their equivalent in Pounds or Oberes calms many, though it still takes many months for the announcement to reach every corner of the Protectrate and many more to actually begin implementing these changes. However, issues arise when many of those in charge of converting the currency skim some money off the top and steal from their ignorant customers, although many are caught and punished (either by angry locals or by official authorities higher up who discover their activites), especially in areas where the currencies were in common use before this, corruption among those converting the currency is still a major problem in many areas.
      • Okay, what the actual hell is this? -Solace
  • United French Republic: Siam continues to be incorporated as a colony, with the city of Bangkok being developed in terms of infrastructure. French settlers from the mainland begin arriving in Siam, and with some government-funded settling in the mix, French culture and region-specific customs begin to become more apparent. The islands purchased from Arabia begin to be developed into modern naval bases and a major port-stops between the French mainland and French Siam. French oversea territories are developed further by their local and regional governments. The currently active French army stands at 400,000, with an additional 400,000 reserved, and up to 1.7 million able to serve under the conditions of a possible Great European War-esque conflict were to occur. Persia, under joint French-Arabian protectorate status, begins to take control of the commercialization process of its oil deposits, establishing the National Iranian Oil Company, a French business that exports oil worldwide from Persia. The alliance with New England is accepted. A much easier plane becomes buildable after some years of research since the original plane design, and thus more are produced as a result, expanding the previous French Air Force's total planes from 15 to 40 within a period of months, and is expected to increase to 70 by 1913. The offer to sell planes to Iberia is accepted, and the reconnaissance aircraft are to arrive sometime in 1912, as well as French instructional and maintenance experts. The recent war between Belka, China, and Arabia between Russia seems to be accepted as what it is, and decidedly stays supportive of Belka but directly neutral in conflict for now, as other serious goals for the French Republic are to be set in motion. Strategic defenses are built across the Burgundian border, predicting to be finished by next year. French colonial armies in Africa and Papua are built up and begin military training. Nigeria's military, in additional troops from French West Africa, stands at a total combinationary force of 950,000. 300,000 troops remain stationed in French West Africa, while 650,000 remain stationed in Nigeria. This is done after extensive military conscripting and the promise of riches and other wealthy items for the serviced men. In French South Africa, a total force of 200,000 troops is established. All states, as of the next year, will be equiped with early 1900's French military service weapons, including bolt-actions and some amounts ofautomatic machine guns.
  • Borealia: The nation remains on high alert due to recent events. Although we do not declare war on Russia at this moment, several hundred volunteers, specialists, and advisers are now in Arabia, as well as a small number of specialty equipment, such as an armored car brigade and some scout planes. The nation's generals observe the conflict carefully hoping to learn from it. In the meantime the force in western Vinland awaits further orders, and begins strengthening the border with Alaska by constructing fortifications. Artillery is also transported here via the northern transcontinental railroad. The fleet in the Pacific, split between allied Arcadia and Vanuatu is expanded. We begin negotiations with the parties of the Russian war in Lelystad. Meanwhile reserves in the nation are raised and put on alert, with the Merlen Wall manned, and the series of forts near major cities on the coast also manned. Although we don't fully understand the situation in Guyana, we send diplomats to reaffirm our alliance and diplomatic ties, especially after we supplied and help create Guyana's navy and army. (More to come.)
  • Aztlán: A protest this year comes in the rural community of Tucion (OTL Tucson), with dynamite being used to blow up an Arcadian border wall. The government apologizes deeply for this act, but does agree that the fence isn't quite fair for areas without a border patrol. (Arcadian Response) Schools in northern Aztlán are being given federal grants more than the southern schools, to some areas' dismay. However, the government emphasizes the principles of equity to respond to protests.
  • Kingdom of Burgundy: Following the fall of Rupertstad to a radical Syndicalist group, the remnants of the Guyanese Legislature flee to Yaracuystad, where the liberal and conservative parties elect to form a unity government until the crisis is resolved, naming Erich van Hellsing as interim governor-general. A similar Syndicalist revolt in Lauwensbuerg fails, thanks in large part to the Guyanese battleship Amazonien and her escorts providing naval support to the loyalist. The Syndicalists most successful revolts largely occur in the region of the OTL Co-operative Republic of Guyana, and in the OTL Venezuelan state of Amazonas, the latter boosted by native allies, and in the OTL state of Bolívar to a lesser extent. Once word reached Burgundy, Queen Viktoria orders and expeditionary force of 30,000 men sent to aid the Royal Guyanese Army. They are accompanied by a battle squadron of pre-dreadnought battleships, and well as their accompanying cruisers and destroyers (numbering five and 20, respectively). Among the expeditionary force is a division of the specially trained assault troops. They see their first action in the Battle of Reussbuerg, where the shotgunmen, grenadiers, and flamethrower men prove a drastically demoralizing factor, causing the Syndicalist garrison to flee, securing a beachhead on the West Bank of the Corantijn River. With that secure, the Burgundian-loyalist forces push west along the coast, supported by naval bombardment. At the same time, Loyalist forces push Syndicalist forces out of OTL Bolívar province, Venezuela in September, approaching Rupertstad from the west. The capital is encircled in early November following the Battle of Mannstad. Naturally, the assault squads take the lead in the liberation of Rupertstad, though the flamethrowers and grenadiers see less action due to the Syndicalists use of civilians as human shields. After a month-long battle, the governors palace is liberated, and the syndicalist premier and his government surrender. The Mestizo nationalists still remain in the OTL Guyanese state of Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo and the OTL Venezuelan state of Amazonas, though they have been contained there after a Mestizo attempt to relieve Rupertstad was repelled at the Battle of Surama. Most remnant syndicalist forces have also retreated into Mestizo-controlled regions. While Burgundian-Loyalist forces prepare for a campaign into those areas, however, an envoy from Queen Viktoria and Acting-Governor-General Hellsing is sent to the Mestizo governments in those regions;The Mestizo will be able to form their own governments within their controlled regions, create their own laws, and practice their own culture, all while under the suzerainty of the Kingdom of Guyana and under the military protection of it and the Kingdom of Burgundy, and be able to retain representation in the Guyanese legislature (Mod response pls). In light of recent French build-ups, the standing army is placed on alert, as are the colonial armies of Burgundian Africa. The Cape Charles territory increases its fortifications to a proper defensive line. In naval matters, Burgundian shipwrights secretly put forward to the Admiralty what they have describe as “all-or-nothing” armor, reducing the armor over non-critical areas (like the bow) to insignificant thicknesses, while maximizing the armor over critical systems, creating a heavily armored citadel with enough reserve bouyancy to keep the ship afloat even if the bow and stern are completely flooded. While too late to incorporate the armor into ships already under construction, they are added to the designs for the succeeding ships. The Admiralty also authorizes what it calls the “standard-type battleships”, setting forth speed and maneuverability requirements that the next generation of battleships must adhere to, allowing them to operate as a cohesive unit even with members of a different class. Four ships of the Kinnig Karel de Grouss-class of super-dreadnoughts, and Queen Viktoria personally attends the keel laying of the ship named for her mother, the SMS Kinnigin Maria de Luisterrijke.

1912

Due to having years of military development and efficifizing its military, Russia sees the war declarations by Belka and China to be mere overcomable obstacles with hard work and confidence. With these statements made, Russian nationality and support behind the war effort is increased, as hundreds of thousands of volunteers join the military in addition to a large-scale conscription and the rise of the military budget. The first Russian offensive begins in the city of Odessa, where after defensive fortifications are built, an invasion of 400,000 begins along the coast, being assisted by the Russian naval fleet devastating nearby Belkan trench lines, paving a path for Russian soldiers to make small but considerable advances against the newly-awakened giant. With this new state of war, expiremental and powerful artillery pieces begin being testing across the various battles.

In East Asia, Russian trench lines and defensive fortifications are created across the Manchurian border. Over 500,000 Russian conscriptions and volunteers, using various machine guns and other new military technology, begins occasional artillery raids on local villages across the border.

The People's Sovereign Alliance in Poland is able to stomp and defeat the Polish communists during the short Polish Civil War of 1911-1912. Under the political regime of Wilhem Latka after his ascension into political power, communist reforms made years ago are dismantled as the country begins to return to its monarchal constitution, with additional republican reforms. With this new regime, alliance offers are made to Hungary, and weapon contracts are made with Belka to help modernize and militarize the new Polish Republic.

The People's Republic of Morocco gains substantial momentum in the city of Bouarfa, which is proclaimed as the "people's" capital, while the surrounding southern region of the Figuig Province falling under the Republic's allegiance. After a brief skirmish between Union soldiers and the People's Militia, the weapons used are found to have originated primarily in Egypt.

Women's rights movements begin to rapidly appear across Borealia, New England, Arcadia, and the United Kingdom. These movements include strikes, protests, and the occasional March on [enter capital city name].

Japan denies China-Korea's offer.

Austria agrees to whatever Prrussia/Germany is ranting on about with future unification and what not.

  • Savannah: Military is expanded. The defensive line across the north is finished and manned. A Savannahian group adopts the name Sons of Liberty to protect against radical terrorists. Support for a unification peacefully with New England lowers. As the government explains, although we are both descended from the English, we will not give our country to a dangerous country with a terrorist problem. On September 11th a series of bombs are detonated in the capital by the Blueshirts, killing many SoL, government men, and civilians. The attacks are a rallying call uniting the nation to combat against the Anglican extremists. The government watches closely and orders a crackdown. Savannahian speak and customs are taught in schools and enforced. The air force also sees government spending and expanding to match other air nations. We request an alliance with Iberia, and Iberian ships.
  • Kingdom of Egypt: With war declared on Russia, a song is composed by a man named “William Walker” called the “Rainbow Connection”, and is about searching for something greater in life and the innocents and curiosity of childhood and becomes an immediate hit, with many feeling nostalgia for their childhood. With troops having arrived at the ports, we launch an amphibious invasion of the heavily shelled port cities which have totally destroyed much of the ports and killed many of the soldiers there. Fighting continues between remaining Russian troops and Egyptian Forces which eventually ends in Egypt totally wiping the remaining forces out and completely occupying the two port cities. We close down the Suez Canal (with Belkan help) to all Russian ships both civilian, trade, or military. We deny all allegations of Egyptian involvement in the Maghreb Uprising and continue our policy of neutrality in the war. Air Egypt finally finishes its two Cruise Zeppelins that will go on the first ever Mediterranean “Air Cruise”. After 15 days, the two Zeppelins complete their Mediterranean cruise and arrive back in Egypt safe and sound. 10,000 Troops are sent to Moldova to aid our Belkan allies in the war against the Russian Empire. Ignoring the Arabian dip to the caliph, we ask the caliph to declare Jihad Against the ENTIRE russian empire as they have invaded and suppressed many Muslims (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED!). Egyptians are told that the war with Russia will allow Egypt to explode with power and that the war will bring Egypt glory. We officially pass a bill which gives women equal rights in Egypt, meaning we are the first country in the Arab and Islamic world to do so. We announce that we will allow anyone that wishes to flee Morocco if the PRM is defeated, and that we will give them full Egyptian citizenship upon arrival.
    • Uniõ Diplomacy: Egypt must end its support for the "People's Republic of Morocco" or the Union of Cadiz will be forced to adopt a full embargo of Egyptian goods and Egyptian-flagged shipping will be barred from all Union ports. In addition, if the support does not end, and Egypt surrender the names, locations, alignments, and aliases of those it has sold these weapons to, the Union will be forced to begin a policy of searching all Egyptian shipping that enters within 20 miles of the coast of the Union.
    • Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Perhaps Iberians have hearing problems? Egypt has had a policy of neutrality in the Maghreb war ever since it started, and this act of imperialist paranoia is uncalled for and must be put an end to. We ask Cadiz to stop the criminal act of searching Egyptian ships as we have not been supplying the Moroccans at all.
    • Uniõ Diplomacy: There is clear evidence that Egypt is either directly supplying or allowing the distribution of weapons to the "People's Republic of Morocco." Therefore, the Uniõ will make good on its demands in the name of preserving national security. The embargo will go into effect if negotiations to end the arms shipments fail.
    • We tell the Iberians that we will crackdown of illegal selling of arms to rebels. -Egypt
    • Swahili Diplomacy: We wish to join the Suez Pact.
    • we accept our Swahili brethren into the Pact. -Egypt
  • Belkan Empire: With the first overt Russian advances being made specifically on Odessa in a localized fashion, the Belkan navy diverts its Black Sea battlegroup to assist in the Belkan counter offensive. 250,000 troops assembled in Chisnau combined with 100,000 troops remaining on the front just outside the Russian lines in Odessa. High command meets with the Admiralty planning a joint assault. The Russian navy is to be distracted while the now 350,000 strong Belkan 7th army with components of the 8th army constitute themselves in an attack on the narrow Odessa front having not been pushed back over the Dniester River. Alongside this the Belkans form the 7th, 8th, and 11th, 1st, and 4th armies into what is called an Army group North. with nearly 1.1 million men along the whole of the developing front and with a secure rear with nearly 600,000 men on the Carpathian-Black Sea defensive fortresses Army Group North combines the attack on Odessa with a general offensive along the whole of the front. Attempting to establish not only a buffer zone to a degree but also to bloody the Russians as well. In a stunning show of force as well as in Belkan heavy engineering the railway network leading up to the front has a tertiary line devoted to the 14" naval gun mounted on a railway locomotive. The 14" "Impaler" gun is used for the first time which is used in tandem with a large barrage of howitzers and field guns. The Belkan underground network which quickly springs up in Odessa is able to spread word of an impending attack allowing some evacuation to occur as the Russians still attempt to gain total control over the city. What follows is absolute chaos. A general offensive along the entirety of the front occurs with Army Group 1 and the drive to recapture Odessa leads 350,000 men on the Belkan side and 400,000 on the Russian side into an absolute slaughter. The battle is quickly joined as Russian machine guns rake down waves of men causing unheard amounts of casualties in just mere hours. The Initial Belkan assault sees nearly 45,000 men cut down in a single day. The Russians that are found near the front are bombarded and shell-shocked by insane amounts of artillery, fired in such numbers that the supply runs out, much the same happens with Russian counter-artillery as it looks as if both sides cannot supply the front with the necessary munitions to sustain operations. The Belkan operation along the whole front while somewhat successful sees modest gains along the rest of the border, and the partial recapture of Southern Odessa, but at great cost. The Belkan casualties are somewhere in the lines of nearly 240,000 with Russian casualties almost identical which showcases the new cost of war in this modern era. Machine guns have become pre-eminent with their ability on the defensive after these two years becoming quickly apparent to both sides. Russia fielding its own "Tsar" Railway gun sees the brutal effectiveness of Artillery. The Russians while also bloodied have proven not only their worth but also their mettle as it has proven their military reforms have taken to good effect within their military impressing even the Belkan high command who has always considered the Russians to be purely a military mob following a general objective rather than a competent fighting force. For the First time since their inception Dreadnoughts clash on the open seas. Two nations relatively untested in their naval capabilities meet off the coast of Odessa three miles out from the city on the open Black Sea. Two fleets of equal strength, the Belkan Black Sea battlegroup, and elements of the Russian Black Sea fleet both consisting of 44 and 47 ships respectively engage. Unwilling to back down due to honor, duty, and willingness to prove themselves both fleets slug it out in a four-day engagement which proves to be indecisive. No dreadnoughts are sunk in the battle but four Belkan pre-dreadnoughts and three Russian pre-dreadnoughts are sunk. Ten Belkan destroyers and five frigates are sunk as well as one light cruiser and one protected cruiser. The Russian navy suffers similar casualties but leaves with two of its five dreadnoughts limping from the battle heavily damaged to Belka's one heavily damaged dreadnought. The battle proves to be a major proving ground in modern naval tactics for both nations. However, as both fleets withdraw neither side has taken the field and nearly 43 ships between both sides sitting at the bottom of the Black Sea following The Battle of Cape Tarkhanut. Belkan troops all along the front begin to heavily dig in using some pre-made trenchments already dug out to begin lining the front with fortifications hoping to use defensive advantage to prevent further Russian advances. As the war breaks out the Belkan government specifically the Vozhd and and the Tsar begin calling out for more detailed plans to fight the war and with the possibility of this spreading they push mobilizing the empire heavily. African troops are heavily drawn up and hundreds of thousands of colonial troops begin to be mobilized. Naval production goes into overdrive and the declaration of the Fortification act last year brings more cities up to the equivalent of a fortress with Chisnau on the Russian front becoming the most fortified city in all of Belka. Many other key cities begin to be fortified and the Army is scheduled to see its military force to increase to nearly 4.5 million domestic troops with the possibility of 1.2 million colonial troops. However, the colonial troops remain at dubious quality. An ambitious field marshal, Vasili Takarev is given control of Army Group North as the plans to fight a long protracted war with Russia begin to be devised. For the First time, the Belkan army mans its defensive fortifications along the German and Italian border preparing for the worst with roughlt 500,000 troops. Belka agrees to fund the Polish remilitarization campaign and quite obviously makes overtures to court Poland into friendship and possibility future alliance. Research into aircraft is finally made as the possibility of their uses in Recon and possibly even bombing finally dawns on Belkan High command who begins to establish research directives on the subject. Further, in secret the Belkan chemical labs and factories begin manufacturing mustard gas in increasing numbers specifically for use in artillery shells. Gas masks in their most modern form also begin to be issued and built in massive numbers. Seeing the issue of head protection from shrapnel contractors begin work on steel helmets for the Belkan army expected to roll out its first model next year.
  • Provisional government of Germany: In October, the German election of 1912 has now held three main parties of Germany. Prior to this, many were concerned with the addition of dozens of new parties that registered for the German Volkstag dividing the nation. However, the Prussian Neutral Party has allied itself with other centrist parties and later formed coalition by late summer of 1912, prompting other parties to do the same, resulting in the German Conservative Party, the German Liberal Party, and the German Union Party. The election of October 1912 resulted in the election of Ludwig Drumpf to the office of Chancellorship, signaling the end of German provisional government by next year. Ludwig Drumpf has drawn up plans to divide the states into more organized regions in the future along with plans to expand and connect German infrastructure and industry around the nation. On a more local level, celebrations were made with Austria agreeing to German unification. The German provisional government marches its 100,000 troops through Austria to its borders on the Summer of 1912 to enforce this. Signifying the completion of German unification. News around the nation of Germany and Austria were (required to be) published with a Pro-occupation view along with Nathanism, Austria will become a state next year. Heavier troopers carried thousands of machine guns (MG1908S) on their shoulders along with the G1898M rifle carried by the regulars toward the borders surrounding Germany in order to defend from all sides from the rising tensions in Europe. The German government works to expand its infrastructure and factories into Austria. With the acquisition of Austria as a territory, the German industrial machine has almost three times its might/quantity since complete unification. Allowing itself to produce things like dreadnoughts (although just over twice as fast for the ship’s case due to industry is focused on other things). Its population has now reached a little over 60 million. Recent research was made on the acquired Austrian automatic pistol from unification, branded as M1912SH (Steyr M1912). The Germans starts to do their own research on semi-automatic weapons, specifically on the C1896 Mauser pistol, to try to convert them to the automatic model. For diplomacy, the Germans politely turn down Burgundian offer for an alliance, citing the high tensions and their weak position. However, the Germans alternatively offer a non-aggression pact with Burgundy instead (BURGUNDY PLAYER RESPONSE, PLEASE) (More may be added later)
  • Colony of New Hessia:
    • Burgundian Dip: The non-aggression pact is accepted.
  • Kingdom of Arabia: The war continues, pressing the advantage as Russia is distracted by Belka and China. An additional 200,000 troops and reinforcements are sent to the battle in Anatolia, while 300,000 are sent to Georgia. Money accrued from the oil industry is massively exported, mainly to places such as Brazil and Hungary, creating a massive influx of cash for the government. This is immediately used to fund the modern armament from Belka and Iberia in order to ensure the massive moblization of Arabia is fully supplied. More experimental air force is used to support the troops in the Caucasus. Experimental armored cars are produced from converted automobile factories in Lebanon. Our navy of three battleships is redeployed from the Indian Ocean through the Suez Canal, preparing to assist the Belkan navy in their efforts in the Black Sea. Additionally, the dreadnought previously designed in Arabia undergoes further construction this year. Now we have the need to outmatch the Russian navy. Arabia even begins outsourcing to navies of other nations for the designs of a battle cruiser, something which even Belka has not yet developed. In the event of losing the initiative, heavy entrenchments are drawn up to provide a strategic line at the Ararat Mountains, and another one at Lake Urumia. We petition the Caliph in Cairo to condemn the Moroccan rebels as heretical to Islam, as they have violated the sacred peace in Maghreb established by the Maghrebi Islamic Movement in the 18th century. We also ask to declare jihad against the Russians in muslim parts of the Caucasus (MOD RESPONSE). Sports teams continue being trained. EDIT:  Due to our victory after the Battle of Kaysari, the remaining troops push north to cut off Russia at the coast of the Black Sea near Trabzon. The troops being deployed in the Georgian area move southwest from their position, completely encircling the Russian army in the region of Colchis.
    • We tell Arabia to screw off and block Arabia’s petition to the caliph, instead saying that we should focus on getting the caliph to declare jihad on the Russians. - Egypt
  • Vinland: The Parliament passes the Women's Act of 1912 giving women the same rights as men. The first woman to enter the Vinlandic Parliament is Ingrid Gustavsson. The Prime Minister asks the Borealian leader to visit Vinland to talk about the situation in Alaska and the Arabian-Russian war. (BOREALIAN RESPONSE NEEDED)
  • Imperial Swahili Federation: We continue colonial expansion in Northern Somalia, in the south and in the Malindi and Mombasa area. Colonization increases as medicine and weaponry become more widespread. Two dreadnought-class battleships are designed for Swahili, named the Mtwara-class, with 12 14" guns, 12" of armour and a speed of 24 knots. Agricultural modernization continues in Swahili. Agricultural productivity continues to rise with the introduction of industrial fertilisers, prompting a boost in population. English business interests are further denied in Swahili and replaced by Belkan merchants. The Department of War begins research on artillery systems, although a focus on mobile warfare is made to suit the needs of the vast African terrain. Motorized bikes undergo more designs and prototypes. The first Swahili motorbike is constructed in Malawi by the engineer, Safiri, a bike mechanic who left Russom. The Act of Surnames is enacted, which designates each family must have a surname from now on and not dependent on the parents and grandparents names, as a way of optimising the population ledgers. The Emperor begins by taking the surname Babkiswahili (Father of the Swahili).
    • Buha: With overwhelming Swahili influence, the Bunge of Buha petitions for inclusion under the Imperial Swahili Federation. The King of Buha will retain his position, but he would become subservient to the Swahili Emperor and Buha must adhere to Imperial Law. The Imperial Swahili Court in Zanzibar accepts the request. 
  • Kingdom of New Granada: With the Mestizo Nationalists being pushed back to the OTL Venezuelan state of Amazonas, as the Kingdom of Burgundy continues to push back the Syndicalists and Mestizo Nationalists within Burgundian Guyana. As a response to Burgundy's  attacks on the Mestizo’s a few não inscritos delegates such as Leonardo Cerqueira (Centrist não inscritos delegate) request that the New Granadian Government seizes the region of OTL Venezuelan state of Amazonas in order to help the Mestizo Nationalists there. The request is approved as 80,000 troops are sent to occupy the region  as the Mestizo Nationalists welcome them as these troops declare a peaceful occupation as Leonardo Cerqueira  arrives at the Capital of the region declaring that the Mestizo Nationalists are under the protection of the New Granadian Government. With the current war between the Russians and Belka along with its allies (China and Arabia) the Cortes Gerais Votes to declare war on Russia as the New Granadian Navy consisting of nine pre-dreadnought battleships, six protected cruisers, ten armored cruisers along with an expedition force of 60,000 men are sent to Hawaii under the command of Fleet Admiral Tomé Baptista along with Admirals Quirino Ribeiro and Dinis Lopes(Naval forces) and Colonel Rúben Carreira (Expeditionary Force). in order to prepare a general offensive against the Russians in the Pacific as King Miguel II would like to establish new naval bases in the Pacific in order to expand the New Granadian Navy. In addition the military is increased to 850,000 men as the Kingdom of New Granada still remains under Martial Law. The Nathanist Movement continues to be revived as many pastors continue to encourage Natahanism in secrecy as the New Granadian Government is still unaware of their activities.
    • Belkan Dip: Belka thanks New Granada for its support and sends its 53 ship strong East Asia squadron with 20,000 troops from the Manila Governate to coincide with the New Granadan seizure of Hawaii. 
  • Uniõ de Cádiz: Traitors, that is the word specifically picked for Prime Minister Abd el-Krim’s speech to the nation. And traitors they are, having fired on, and killed several, of the good soldiers of the Republic of Morocco. Having discovered the core of the organization, Moroccan troops take up positions to cut the region off from the north and west. Meanwhile, Algerian troops establish checkpoints along the eastern border of the region. Mauritanian tribesmen are also employed to prevent any further spread south. With these measures emplaced, the military organizes a campaign to wipe out the militant traitors. The Berber Cavalry Divisions are deployed to conduct a sweep into Figuig. Numbering 20,000 the troops greatly outnumber the rebels, given that the entire province has a population of just above 40,000. The goal of the force is to establish security, provide protection for laborers, and defend the construction of a new road to the city. The overall goal is to integrate the Figuig region sufficiently that the support for the rebels dries up, and the organization withers without the support of their so-called citizens. The road to Bouarfa begins its construction immediately after the cavalry and infantry sweep down into the region from the North, East, and West. It joins the other rapid construction of modern roads across the south. The light rail line is completed between Agadir and Ouarzazate. The overall population stand at 78.11 million, with 55.42 in Iberia, 14.36 in Morocco, and 8.331 in Algeria. Despite the crisis in Morocco, economic growth continues with strength throughout the Union. Algeria and Morocco both see wages rise to levels on par of those in Iberia, and infrastructure, while behind, begins the process of catching up. The interior of Morocco becomes increasingly developed, and sound water-management practices have improved crop yields massively. Shale oil production offsets some oil imports but is unable to supply even 7% of the country’s needs. The Iberian Sun Power Company develop more uses for the solar thermal systems, which now account for 5% of the electrical supply. It is also estimated that solar heating systems save several thousand tons of coal a year. Sevilla begins industrializing in earnest with electricity produced by solar concentrators powering factories in and around the city. The University of Sevilla Department of Aird Ecology expands the scope its study of agricultural practices in southern Morocco to include a wider range of practical methods in agriculture. Both Herrero Motorworks and the Correia Motor Company demonstrate large profits thanks to tariffs and an early start that allowed them to develop international markets in France and the UK. Correia’s Model 4 continues mass production with 1700 sold this year. A new model of truck, the Model 4T enters production and is widely received as an handy tool for agricultural or industrial work, over 1800 are sold. The Herrero Half-Track Automobile enters full production, armed with a 20 mm autocannon it is one of the most well armed combat cars in service. A dozen of the Herrero Half-Tracks enter Moroccan service as an Armor Company in the 2nd Moroccan Infantry Division. The modern artillery designs approved last year also enter production and service. Construction on the next classes of the Iberian semiannual ship order is in full swing. The two new ships of the Balearia-class are launched and completed late in the year. Another two ships are laid down in line with the yearly shipbuilding program. The Galicia-class ships are re-commissioned having received their armor and guns.
    • Antillas Ibéricas: Although the economy still depends on sugar and salt production, travel and tourism begin to have a substantial impact. Resorts are built and port facilities updated to facilitate vacationers from all over the New World and Europe. Although long the beneficiary of investment from Iberia and elsewhere, the colonies in the Antillas still struggle to improve living conditions. The tax cuts passed last year begin to show promise as small businesses in the islands can flourish.
    • República de las Indias Orientales Ibéricas: Rubber becomes the primary export of the colony as modernized agricultural methods spread. Iberian advisors remain to protect Uniõ national interests, but aside from foreign and trade policy, the people are left to their own devices. This involves massive investment in education and infrastructure.
    • Angola: Angola’s rapid economic growth continues. Infrastrastructure is built to extract the vast natural resources in bauxite, iron ore, copper ore, manganese, and others. Rather than ship these raw ores the long distance to Iberian or Moroccan ports, construction of several mills for steel, aluminium, copper, and manganese continues.
    • Mauritania: Expansion into the Sahara continues under the guidance of Tuareg and Berber tribal leaders. Commercial activities with the nomadic native groups are encouraged to help bring more unity to the region. The governance rules, along with negotiations, promises of power and prestige, money, and weapons lead to many Berber tribal leaders supporting the Unionist cause in Mauritania. These groups are asked to interdict any growth efforts by the People’s Republic of Morocco.
    • Senegay-Guinea: Economic programs across the region which emphasis bauxite, gold, iron, and oil production and exploration. These programs include building roads, railroads, mines, refineries, mills, and also schools and teaching centers to build a skilled labor force to work in these facilities.
  • Aztlán: Women's rights protests begin this year in Veracruz, and quickly spread to Tenochtitlan, Merida, and Veracruz. A regularly scheduled election is held this year, with two results: that women's rights are voted in by a slim, but significant, margin, and that Brian Neves Amaral is ousted from office by a public demanding equality instead of equity. The new president, Cipac Nahuapalli, one of the ten percent of remaining Aztecs, forgoes the "bonus" funding for the northern schools and simply ups the education funding to replace it.
  • Albion: Custer shouts at the Savannahs to join their Anglo brethren in a speech. 200,000 troops are deployed along the Savannahan and another 200,000 against the Borealian border for security. Submarine fleet is up to 16. Baker-class ships are almost complete. Work on the New Essex continues. Military observers are sent to Belka to study Belkan tactics. They take note of chemical warfare. Industry is improved.
  • Borealia: The nation passes a piece of legislation known as "An Act to Promote the Defense of Borealia", also known as the Lend-Lease policy. Under these terms a large number of old ships, cars, rifles, and other wartime supplies will be given to Arabia, or whoever else the government decides. In exchange the government asks that after the war is over they are granted no-cost leases on army and naval bases in friendly territory. Another 1000 men also arrive in Arabia over the course of the year. With fortifications complete in southwest Vinland, on the Alaskan border, the local force is increased there as well. 50,000 men under the command of Willem Treslong, and a fleet under the command of Joris Verhuell, are dispatched to Guyana to be placed under Burgundy's command. This group is to help restore stability to the region. The New Granadan invasion of Guyana is condemned, and called detrimental to either party, and we request a peaceful resolution with New Granada. At home the nation's defensive line continues to be manned, with the number of soldiers stationed there increased. The nation's military also begins to employ a new type of armored car, known as the Minerva GV12 (similar to the Rolls-Royce Armoured Car), and the GV12a variant, armed with additional light artillery. The car goes into mass production with the hopes of replacing the Panter. Of the 30 cars of this type built by the beginning of the year, ten are sent to Arabia and ten to Guyana by spring. Construction of new ships continues, with the main fleet of the nation stationed to patrol the waters around the nation.
  • Scandinavia: We pull our troops out of Vinland. We also make an effort to raise more troops.
  • Dai Viet – 100,000 (+50,000 Vietnamese)
  • Great Empire of China–Korea: In the realm of women's rights, China–Korea officially reaffirms the 1875 Constitution which reserves the right to vote to all individuals above the age of majority (defined as 18 years) – therefore including all women. Despite this, female political participation and voting turnout remain very low, with little to no government efforts to change this. The 1910 Census shows Christianity as the largest organized religion within the Empire, with its adherents constituting 43% of the population. The largest denomination is the Confucian-rite Church, which has seen a surge in popularity due to strong missionary efforts within the South. It is also noted that the popularity of the Confucian-rite Church – regarded as a form of folk Catholicism due to its inclusion of Confucian practices and religious canon – could be attributed to the conversion of the practitioners of Confucianism, Chinese salvationism, and Heaven Worship over centuries. Meanwhile, Muslims constitute 8% of the population, the majority of whom identifying as Hui; an ethnoreligious group seen as a subset of the Hua Chinese group. The remaining 49% is divided into followers of Buddhism, Taoism, and folk religions practiced by ethnic minorities such as animism and shamanic practices. The recently-consolidated Dongbu Islands continued to be fortified. The amount of military personnel in Solibwon swells to 50,000 troops, with many (especially men of the lower ranks) being used for construction labor. In addition, ~20,000 people – comprised of their family members, technicians, engineers, workers–arrive. Civic buildings, housing complexes, and commercial centers (shopping streets, arcades, indoor markets) are built in Solibwon. While no there is no permanent naval fleet stationed in Solibwon, there is a plan to establish a small defense fleet in 1920. With Russia's placement of 500,000 troops in the northern portion of the Amur basin, and sporadic attacks on Sino–Korean villages along the border, additional fortifications are added to the Amur River defensive line, while pre-existing trenches are deepened. The amount of Sino-Korean troops based in Manchuria rises to 1.2 million troops. The invasion of Nivkhgu commences; 400,000 troops are stationed in defensive positions along the Amur River, with one-half of them stationed in proximity to Khabarovsk. 800,000 troops are sent northwards en-masse across the Amur River, in order to overwhelm Russian fortifications and isolate Khabarovsk. They receive heavy artillery and cavalry support, as well as light support from 25 riverine gunboats. Five divisions (in total, numbering 50,000 troops) are sent north to secure the port of Okhotkst, therefore establishing a stronghold in maritime Siberia and obstructing Russian access to Alaska. They are supported by three pre-dreadnought's, three armoured cruisers, and fifteen each of destroyers and submarines. The two campaigns are successful, and the majority of the northern Amur basin (with the notable exception of Khabarovsk), and the port of Okhotsk, is occupied by Sino–Korean troops. Following its seizure, the military presence in Okhotsk is increased to 100,000 troops. To conclude the conquest of Nivkhgu, a total of 600,000 troops are dispatched to conduct a multi-pronged assault on the city of Khabarovsk. They are divided into three army groups each consisting of ~200,000 individuals, and would eventually converge in the act of besieging the city proper – hopefully overwhelming the defending garrison. A total of 200,000 troops are stationed along the Stanovoy Range. Exploiting the rugged terrain, several mountain fortresses are established. Meanwhile, 200,000 troops are stationed within the Amur Basin itself (in both Manchuria and Nivkghu) to preserve civil order. In order to muster support for Sino–Korean occupation, letters are sent to individuals who have any heritage that links them to the ethnically-Nikvh House of Ayzik (a cadet branch of the House of Kim), in order to reestablish the Kingdom of Nivkhgu and revive the sense of nationalism within ethnic Nivkhs. The remaining 100,000 troops are stationed in Mongolia. Four destroyers, two battleships, and a single battle cruiser are commisioned this year. The Sino–Korean Imperial Navy numbers at 172 ships: eight dreadnoughts, six pre-dreadnoughts, five battle cruisers, 22 cruisers (including armored cruisers), 69 destroyers, 30 frigates, and 25 submarines. Arms production increases with the production of repeating rifles and their carbine derivatives, field artillery, machine guns, and their respective ammunition. Educational attainment rises, with increasing enrollment into imperial universities. Rapid industrialization and economic modernization continue, aiming to be recognized as a fully-industrialized nation by 1920. China–Korea begins to transition rapidly to heavy industries such as steel, commercial shipbuilding, heavy machinery, and petrochemicals; a shift from textiles and synthetic dye production. Agriculture continues to be commercialized. Telecommunications and railway lines are built. China–Korea sents a delegate to Tokyo demanding Japan remove its unilaterally-imposed tariffs on Sino–Korean goods, in-accordance to the Tokyo Accords of 1905.
    • Tibet (protectorate): Civic buildings are constructed in the capital of Lhasa, which is now inhabited by ~100,000 residents (as indicated by the 1910 Census)–a five-fold increase from a decade ago. Sedentary living is heavily encouraged, with the little available arable land being intensively cultivated. Major crops include wheat and rye. A garrison of a single brigade (~5k) is stationed there, and are now armed with modern bolt-action rifles.
    • Altishahria (protectorate): More mining facilities are opened in Aksu, exploiting the Tarim basin's rich mining resources. Lucrative minerals such as soda, borax and jade are the country's main exports to China–Korea. In addition to grains, cash crops are grown, specifically grapes, melons, pears, and walnuts. There is a ranching boom, with many former pastoralists establishing enclosures for livestock. The main product is wool (from sheep), with processing facilities established in the capital and other major cities as preparation for further processing in China–Korea's textile mills. Korla becomes Altishahria's largest city due to continuous migration and its position as a major break-of-bulk point, with a total of ~300,000 inhabitants (1/15th of the total population). Various civic buildings are constructed there. A garrison of two divisions (~20,000) is stationed there, and are now armed with modern bolt-action rifles.
    • Dzungaria (protectorate): Civic buildings are constructed in Ghulja, which is inhabited by 20,000 residents. The nationalized Dzungar Oil Company increases the scale of their operations in the area, constructing multiple oil mines and refineries. In addition to supplying energy to northwest China, the company also provides kerosene for street lamps as well as other industrial chemicals via distillation. A garrison of 15 divisions (~150,000) is present, and are now armed with modern bolt-action rifles. The bulk of this military force is stationed in the Dzungarian Gate, which is heavily fortified due to its position as the sole overland entry point into Western China.
    • Dai Viet (protectorate): Under the guidance of China–Korea, the Vietnamese economy and government structure are radically reformed. The peasantry is taught techniques and granted capital to improve their cultivation methods–thereby boosting productivity. Cultivation of coffee and the raising of shrimp and fish for commercial purposes (mainly for export) continues and is highly successful. In addition, small-scale cultivation of tobacco commences but focuses on quality rather than quantity due to the inability to compete with European possessions in the industry. The border with Burgundian Champa is fortified with trench lines and a fortress. The amount of Sino–Korean troops stationed in Dai Viet is increased to ~200,000, and are joined by ~200,000 Vietnamese troops; three-fourths are stationed along the border with Burgundian Champa and the rest in forts established in Dai Viet's mountainous Western border as well as the capital. A series of highly modern villages are constructed along the border with Champa, in order to showcase Dai Viet's economic boom under Sino–Korean investment and guidance, as well as to encourage defection. A 60-ship fleet comprised of ten cruisers, 25 destroyers, and 25 corvettes is established, being referred to as the Dai Viet Squadron.
    • Fukuoka (crown dependency): Port facilities in the city are enlarged to accommodate larger traffic. Immigration from Japan is encouraged through tax incentives for skilled laborers, and the opening of positions for new college graduates. Fukuoka's infrastructure is improved, and housing is built for both Korean and Chinese immigrants as well as Japanese citizens residing within the territory. The city's railway system is further elaborated. A total of 100,000 troops are stationed in Fukuoka; with 25,000 troops stationed in Tokyo.
  • Federated States of Arcadia: The third phase of the building of the defence lines of the Federated States of Arcadia has begun. The actual defences are being made on the Easthon line trenches and light defences are made like sod wars and the keeping of the buildings that already stood there. The reason for keeping the buildings is as a way to have more cover for the soldiers. Without having to spend even more on it this makes it so the cost of these lines are cut by 1%. Even if it is a small cut of price, it is enough to invest in Ulama. Ulama is being adopted as an official sport of the federated States army, as it is a sport that requires high don't you want strength and high stamina as it is played with a five to ten kilo ball which is made of hard rubber. Leonard Fritz Co begins to construct the first light railways, in New Constantinople, Neu Leipzig and in Houston, Texas. Many people are surprised with these new light trains, although the price of a ticket isn't the cheapest. It is not too expensive for certain distances as these light trains are cheaper then their heavy counterparts with an average ticket costing 500 Arcadian franks compared to 1700 Arcadian franks. The first city crossing tram line has been made in New Constantinople, with more lines to added in New Constantinople, Houston and Neu Leipzig.  
  • Japan: In the year 1912, Emperor Meiji passes away, causing mass grief across the country. There is a massive funeral procession through Japan on the train “The Sun Beam” before his final resting place in Tokyo. That same year his son, Emperor Taishō is coronated. In honor of Emperor Meiji, a monument is commissioned, that will take many years and resources. The industrialization of farming continues, introducing steam tractors to the field that are especially designed to walk and harvest the rice. The training of infantry is introduced, training the new generation to join the army, training 9000 men to join the imperial army. Further industrialization continues in the prefectures, allowing more rice to be traded along with seafood products. A diplomat is sent to China-Korea to agree to the mobilization of troops into Tokyo, in a late response to the deal. It is required that they all must register into a designated database for each soldier and his gear.  
  • Brésilian Empire: Emperor Louis de Medici announces that he is ending the Tomás doctrine. "The new foreign policy of Brésil will be one of hegemony, to preserve the status of Brésil. May our nation reach new heights." He also sends a diplomatic mission to Burgundy, requesting a formal alliance. Seven million men are mobilized, with 2.3 million on the Peruvian border, 2.7 million on the Argentinian border, and three million held in reserve. An ultimatum is sent to Argentine-Peru, demanding that the state permit Brésilian occupation, citing security and pointing to (clearly forged) documents indicating a planned Argentine-Peruvian offensive into Brésil. Failure to comply will lead to war. With the telegram's contents being leaked by the press, the Brésilian population goes into a nationalistic fervor, seeing that at long last their nation shall defeat their greatest rival, and rise to the position of prestige it deserves. In addition, the naval programme is complete, with the Brésilian navy now at seven battleships, along with 19 support ships. The new capital of Brésilia is complete, and the government has relocated to there, as it is more protected. Railway links are already almost complete.  
    • Burgundian Dip: The alliance with Brésil is accepted.
    • New Grenadian Diplomacy: With tensions suddenly rising in Laurentia which can result in a massive war, King Miguel II proposes a possible agreement between Argentina-Peru and Brésil to prevent any possible bloodshed within Laurentia as the King wishes to maintain the peace in Laurentia.
      • Brésilian Diplomacy: Adorable. 
      • New Granadian Dip: We are serious as we believe that this can disrupt the balance of power in Laurentia.
      • Brésilian Dip: The balance of power is not yours to keep. States such as New Grenada would be wise to mind their own business. Brésil is the rightful hegemon of Laurentia and is simply clarifying this point. Interference in this matter is unjustified and will be met with force if need be. Brésil does not wish for war with New Grenada, but will not shy from it.
  • United French Republic: Siam continues to be incorporated as a colony, with the city of Bangkok being developed in terms of infrastructure. French settlers from the mainland begin arriving in Siam, and with some government-funded settling in the mix, French culture and region-specific customs begin to become more apparent. The islands purchased from Arabia begin being developed into modern naval bases and a major port-stops between the French mainland and French Siam. French oversea territories are developed further by their local and regional governments. The currently active French army stands at 400,000, with an additional 400,000 reserves, and up to 1.7 million able to serve under the conditions of a possible Great European War-esque conflict were to occur. Persia, under joint French-Arabian protectorate status, begins to take control of the commercialization process of its oil deposits, establishing the National Iranian Oil Company, a French business that exports oil worldwide from Persia. A much easier plane becomes buildable after some years of research since the original plane design, and thus more are produced as a result, expanding the previous French Air Force's total planes from 15 to 40 within a period of months, and is expected to increase to 70 by 1913. The recent war between Belka, China, and Arabia between Russia seems to be accepted as what it is, and decidedly stays supportive of Belka but directly neutral in conflict for now, as other serious goals for the French Republic are to be set in motion. Strategic defenses are built across the Burgundian border, predicting being finished by next year. French colonial armies in Africa and Papua are built up and begin military training. Nigeria's military, in additional troops from French West Africa, stands at a total combinationary force of 950,000. 300,000 troops remain stationed in French West Africa, while 650,000 remain stationed in Nigeria. This is done after extensive military conscription and the promise of riches and other wealthy items for the servicemen. In French South Africa, a total force of 200,000 troops is established. All states, as of the next year, will be equipped with early 1900's French military service weapons, including bolt-actions and some amounts ofautomatic machine guns. A military alliance with Gran Columbia is offered, and with Brésil soon to be at war with Argentine and Peru, a diplomatic conference known as the "Concert of Laurentia" between Brésil, Argentine, Peru, Gran Columbia, Venezuela, and Mapuche is set up to discuss future Laurentian territory and balance of power (Like OTL Concert of Europe) [Mod/Player Response]A military alliance is offered to the United Kingdom
    • New Granadian Dip: We accept the French offer as we believe that France's proposal will be the best way to resolve this situation.
    • Brésilian Dip: The French embassy is kept in the dark, the official statement being, "Brésil shall determine the fate of Laurentia, not France."
    • UK: OK.
  • Protectorate of Uluru (British Protectorate): As efforts continue on Emperor Djalu V's modernization campaign, the wide expansion and repair efforts on the Port of Ngarrindjeri are finally completed, despite numerous delays and setbacks causing the work to unexpectedly take far longer than it should have taken. A small but lavish celebration is hosted in the Imperial Palace for the workers and they each receive a large sum of Pounds as the last of their pay, well over the following days and weeks their skilled labor would be put to use elsewhere in the city, to help with the tearing down of many old and weary buildings and (unoccupied) homes and shops, and their replacement with bigger, cleaner, and more modern homes built with modern construction materials. Although in many areas of the city, this isn't needed or wanted by the people living there. After three years of ruling and mostly making small changes centered around Ngarrindjeri itself that won't change much in the nation overall, with even the obvious exception of changing the currency being to a currency already used in most areas of Anangu (the name for the landmass the protectorate covers, which is OTL Australia). Now, with several years of ruling behind him and with his heir Prince Omeo having been born late last year, Djalu finally feels confident enough in his position of power and governmental agencies and enforcers to begin making major changers to the way the country is run other than expanding one pre-existing port city and making a few economic reforms that were already well situated to be made. As a result, although he is still cautious in his actions, Djalu decides to truly begin his modernization campaign, and makes several sweeping reforms.
    • He begins by dissolving most of the existing multiple organizations in charge of matters of agriculture in the Protectorate, and replacing them with one, overarching and much bigger one, which he names the "Uluran Agricultural Association", or UAA for short. This organization is charged with monitoring and regulating the collection and distribution of the products produced on Uluran farms, as well as collecting taxes on these products and making sure they are up to standard, as well as any other task related to agriculture given to them by the Emperor. The first person put in charge of this organization is a man named Gloluj Omerek, a former farmer who had sought and received a bureaucratic government job after losing his farm to a horde of locusts, and who has long since proved his competence through a decade of service, where he has moved up to an extremely high rank. The first thing Djalu assigns the organization to do is re-introduce more modern farming techniques in farmers across the nation and provide them access to fertilizers and pesticides, as although these things were introduced they weren't enforced and many were reluctant to use them instead of tested and true methods, and the practices were soon forgotten in many places. So it has become necessary to reintroduce them, especially with much simply never being collected. 
    • He also begins a great effort to improve infrastructure throughout the Protectorate, which is lacking it in many areas, especially in the poor rural regions. He begins this with a massive effort to repair or rebuild the roads throughout the nation, with many thousands of people being recruited to work on the project and sent to various places throughout the protectorate to repair and restructure the roads and paths, which have not been well maintained in many areas and have begun to decay over time. This is a massive undertaking, but it is one that is seen as fully necessary and beneficial to both the government and people of Uluru, and is generally supported by most. 
    • Britain Dip: The Protectorate of Uluru would like to purchase the Island of Tasmania from The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, for a price of 900,000 pounds sterling, although we are completely willing to negotiate on the price of it. (mod response needed) (I am not entirely sure if this is a realistic amount of money to offer and if it is unrealistic, I will change it to a lower or higher amount, just inform me.) 
    • Papal Dip: To counter the growing influence of the cult of Ngintaka and the Dreamspeakers in his territory, and to better relations with the powerful Christian northern Bakans, Djalu gathers a large diplomatic party consisting of several trained diplomats, their retinues, and many veteran, experienced, and well armed guards and appoints his brother Nukunu to lead it on a diplomatic mission to Rome and the papacy, bearing many gifts and hoping (though not expecting) to set up an embassy. He plans to request a papal nuncio be appointed to the Court of Ngarrindjeri, as the last one died in 1809 and the protectorate of Uluru has had little real contact with the Catholic church since then, despite the large Christian population in many cities and in the North of the country, and our nominal colonial masters in the British being Catholic. By doing this the emperor hopes to counter the growing influence the Northern Bakans and the Dreamspeakers have in the Court of Ngarridjeri, and to hopefully gain an allied state in Europe in the process so he can better influence matters in the continent, which he currently cannot do as a faraway Protectorate of Britain with no avenue of communication. The large ship, guarded by three destroyers, departs from the port city of Ekkor (OTL Perth) on November 21, 1912 on the months long journey to Rome. 
    • UK: OK.
  • Kingdom of Burgundy: Receiving no response from the remaining rebels, the Guyanese Loyalist-Borealian-Burgundian forces begin their reclamation of the territories. The campaign in eastern Guyana proceeds well, with the combined forces securing several victories before seizing the regional capital in the Battle of Lethem. In OTL Amazonas, the rebel forces are also forced to retreat along the Orinoco River, leading to the loyalists capturing several key towns, including the regional capital of Wachtsbuerg. With the collapse of the rebel positions, the regions are placed under occupation under civilian leadership is restored, with special elections planned for early 1913 to refill their seats in the Guyanese legislature. Military casualties for the conflict come in at 4132 for the Burgundian Expedionary Force, 13,847 for the Guyanese Royal Army, and 27,571 for the various rebel factions, most of those being POWs. Civilian casualties are estimated at over 200,000, most of those being loyalists during rebel occupations and due to Queen Victoria’s edicts prioritizing the minimizing of civilian casualties in offensive operations. The battle cruisers SMS Wacht and SMS St.-Lauwens are commissioned, as is the super-dreadnought SMS Kinnig Karel de Grouss which takes the place of SMS Dreadnought as flagship of the High Seas Fleet. Several different classes of warships are laid down this year, including six of the standard-type approved last year; two of the Namur-class, two of the Ponthieu-class, and two of the Brabant-class (which will be powered by newly developed turbo-electric engines). Also laid down are three of the Maartinsen-class battle cruisers, which like the standard-type battleships, carry an all-or-nothing armor scheme. The navy also commissioned three seaplane carriers. Construction of the Kap Karel defensive line continues. Rhenish-Burgundian General Paul von Brandt is stationed in Garnaalië as overall commander of the Burgundian African Colonial Army. With production able to meet the demand, M1898 bolt-action rifles begin being distributed to the colonial army. Graf Theodoor van Roosevelt becomes Prime Minister following the general elections.

1913

After a small delay, life moves on. -Solace

Jihad is declared against the Russian Empire, with voluntary legions from parts of Algeria and India coming to the cause of the Arabs, Persians, and Egyptians in the Arabian Peninsula and northern Asia. In total, 100,000 peoples have arrived. The Caliph also condemns the People's Republic of Morocco, which continues to thrive although under the Caliph's condemnation primarily because of its radicalized nature and its cult-based following across the Sahara.

The conflict in the Figuig region escalates, causing the near destruction of various towns and villages, as well as general civilians caught in the crossfire. With the recent losses in Figuig, guerrilla tactics against the Union forces are used by the People's Army, as well as further movement into the Sahara as supply and military lines are extending throughout Union territory.

The war against Russia reaches a stagnate, as Russian troops set up defensive trenches across the Belka border/defenses, and soon casualties rack up on both sides due to both possessing mounted automatic machine guns. In East Asia, the setting of winter allows for Russian advances to be made against Sino-Korean forces, as guerilla attacks and mass artillery shells destroy both offensive and defensive Sino-Korean lines. In the Caucasus, trench lines are also set up, and since there are mountains, the Russians are able to hold off any further Arabian attacks at the moment.

Due to Russia being pinned against the wall, it reaches out for further military help from Burgundy, citing their previous alliance that has stood for decades.

Women's rights movements spread across Western and Central Europe, as well as in Italy and Austria.

A man named Gandhi appears in India, and begins promoting Indian nationality and its struggle against India and the Dravidian government. He successfully incites numerous worker strikes in Hyderabad. However, is arrested and sentenced to five years in prison.

The Bhaumik (OTL Ahmadiyya) Dynasty starts an Islamic revivalist movement in Bangladesh.

In Barcelona, the Fontes Motor Company is able to successfully create a moving assembly line, cutting the time to make products and start an era of mass production.

The United Kingdom proposes the dual-ownership of Tasmania to Uluru.

Refrigerators are created in New England and spread worldwide within a matter of months.


  • Kingdom of Egypt: with Jihad declared on the Russians, our war against them is now officially justified. 5000 more troops are sent to the Moldavian front to reinforce our 10,000 troops already fighting there. The refrigerator seeps into the vast and expansive Egyptian market, and starts gain traction in Alexandria. Egyptian Nationalism continues to rise, almost to the point where it can’t rise any further with a majority of the population supporting the current administration and its policies, along with a overwhelming support for the war against Russia. The crackdown on arms manufacturers selling weapons to the black market for Moroccan rebels to get goes successfully, and the operation is fully shut down. Asim Lapez’s anti-corruption Campaign sees numerous government officials resigning or being fired as corruption scandles begin to be exposed left and right, revealing how much corruption is going on inside the government, which continues to shock the nation and shake up Lapez’s administration. The Convention of Alexandria ends with the use of inhumane chemical weapons being deemed “illegal” and a “war crime”, the first time for the term to be used in this context. The convention also declares that the civilian population during war time should not be purposely targeted and singled out for attack and that the imprisonment of innocent civilians and killing of civilians with no clearly military target or justified reason is also a war crime and any and all who perpetrated a war crime should be tried internationally. The caliph’s condemnation of the Moroccan Rebels is looked down upon by many Egyptians who see it as european imperialists using the caliph as a mouth peace, but many just shrug it off as really all governments in the Islamic/Arab world are under the influence of Europe in some way. Mass shipments of food and weaponry are sent to the Egyptian soldiers fighting in the steppes. The economy continues to boom with factories continuing to be built and quickly being filled up as always. The navy gets their own Air Force branch known as the Royal Egyptian Navy Airservices. Rebuilding of the two seized Russian ports begins this year, as most of the infrastructure was destroyed in the chaotic battle to take them, which leads to the cities being rebuilt with a mix of Turkish and Egyptian Architecture. Anti-Russian Propaganda is spread throughout the country, with the content of the propaganda being different in the Coptic southern areas, with propaganda calling Russian Orthodoxy as a “heretical” and “Savage” false religion just wearing the title of “Christianity” and cross. Egyptian athletes for various sports continue to train hard in order to be the best in the Middle East/North African region. We send a delegation to Swahili proposing thee construction of a railway from Alexandria to Swahili’s Capital (FALLACY RESPONSE NEEDED!).

Footnotes

Start a Discussion Discussions about Principia Moderni IV (Map Game)