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The Ming Dynasty still rules over the vast lands of China. On the other side of the world, the Hundred Years War continues between England and France. Europe is still stuck in the old ways of feudalism and chivalry while the notions of a New World are considered figments of the imagination.

We welcome you to the long-awaited fourth expansion of that immortal series. Welcome to Principia Moderni IV! Starting in 1400 AD, this is the dawn of the modern world and the tail end of the Middle Ages. The Renaissance is just kicking off in Europe, while the nations in the western side of the continent are locked in the last gasp of the Hundred Years War. The Muslim world is still reeling from the invasions of Turks and Mongols, with the Caliphate resting in the collapsing Mamluk Egypt and the Ottomans on the rise in Anatolia. Make it count. The first game was the most successful on the wiki, leading all the way to the modern day with mostly plausible posts and little controversy. The second game reached almost to the modern day, but failed due to a plethora of ASB events and moderator bias. The third game was much more worthy of the first, almost running into implausibility but climbing back into a shining glory by the end. Riding on the latest reforms of map games since the end of PMIII, this is the most logical next step in that evolution. Remember, above all other rules. — have fun.

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The Map

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The Wildlings

All users currently on the wiki may play unless otherwise noted.

Banned Users

A ban from plausibility strikes lasts 30 days, after which the third strike is repealed and the banned player is unbanned. However, the newly unbanned player rejoins the game with two strikes, as a form of probation.

  • Bear - 1648

Banned temporarily

  • No players have yet been temporarily banned

Plausibility Strikes

Three strikes and you're out! Each strike resets after 30 years of the most recent strike.

  • Fallacy I
  • Eljefe316 I

Moderator Strikes

These are strikes for moderators and how they moderate. The same three strikes rules apply. If a moderator is banned from moderating, however, they can still play as their nation. Mod strikes can be delivered in one of three ways:

  1. If a sufficient number of players (more than one-half of all players voting) vote to give a moderator a strike.
  2. If I, Scraw, give them a strike.
  3. If a majority of all mods (i.e., more than one-half of the total number of mods, excluding that moderator) vote to give a moderator a strike.

Moderators can be given strikes for the following reasons:

  1. Exhibiting bias that would benefit the nation they are playing.
  2. Exhibiting bias that would negatively affect a player they have a personal dispute with.
  3. Making a ruling that contradicts a proven fact from OTL or an established fact from earlier in the game.
  4. Overruling a decision of a majority of moderators.
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The Game

1920

Tuesday, March 9th, sees the largest economic meltdown in Belkan history. Huge war debt coupled with little demand cause the markets to slide as panic grips the nation. The panic spreads across Europe as the stock exchanges in Valencia, Paris, London, and Novgorod all see similar losses. In Arcadia, Borealia's market is shattered and the government is forced to default on its debt. Brésil attempts to prevent the market collapse by implementing trade controls to no avail and by March 15th the recession is global. As of now the most impacted are the United Kingdom, Borealia, Russia, Belka, Arabia, and New England.

  • OOC: Y'all this is extremely severe so don't say "Despite the recession growth continues" because I will be aggressive in striking anything along those lines. Failure to respond will lead to future problems as the recession will continue until sufficient effort to end it has been made.

France and Burgundy both struggle to pay their debt payments but manage to prevent defaults. Reconstruction efforts halt as workers strike without pay.

Fascist insurgents in Aztlán, taking advantage of the chaos from the recession succeed many local and provincial elections promising a resurgent Aztlán that retakes lands lost to the FSA in the north.

  • OOC Aztlán: No land was lost, as the deal was never sealed and was canceled in 1920.

In India Hindu nationalist movements begin to form with Fascist sympathies.

Trench Flu mutates out of existence with the last known case, a young man in Uluru dying in January.

  • Kashmir: Agricultural output goes up slightly. A new furniture factory opens in Layyah. A minor lignite mine opens in the south and the coal is used in the newly built 15 mw\ph Srinagar power station. 175 rifles of a design akin to the Short Magazine Lee–Enfield Mk III are made and given to the infantry. Several schools, a furniture factory and a bicycle factory open it Jammu, Jhelum city, Mirpur and Haripur. Later that year, the head of the Loya Jirga, Majid Ali Hamza, make several controversial and negative public remarks in Skardu, Leh and Kargil concerning Trench Flu, telephones and mining. 42 die of Trench Flu in Rawalpindi and 20 are ill with it, 40 are ill with it in Skardu, and another six are dead and 130 are ill with it in Jammu. We isolate the victims in the remote Wakan Mountains and burn the dead ones' corpses. Medics and doctors across Swahili, Afghanistan and Kashmir are encouraged to volunteer to help out in more disease-prone areas. The flu subsides, not having killed as many people in ATL as in OTL and has had relatively no effect on the nation. A new cotton mill opens in Lahore and Skardu, but the latter one is burnt down by a small gang of followers of Majid Ali Hamza. All military except for a 2000-man rifle armed royal/Loya Jirga guard and the 500 armed border patrol will be disbanded by 1921 (if the civil war and separatist rebellion end). Trench Flu is nearly eradicated and a new furniture factory opens in Layyah. Later that year, the head of the Loya Jirga, Majid Ali Hamza, takes advantage of the flu and ousts the Maharaja, who sets up an underground regime in Gilgit. Majid claims that the modernisation plan is silly, to foreign and unnecessary. Layyah, Lahore and the other places that were taken from British India rebel and take up arms against Kashmir, since they want independence from all outside rulers of any kind. Royalist Kashmiri Lieutenant General Hari Rashive Gupta leads the defence of Pushkalavati (ATL Peshawar) from the riotous mob, who think modernisation is too fast and too foreign. The mob's storming of the city, is like all rebellions, a heavy urban bloodbath where almost as many Kashmiris royalists die as Majid lovers and Layyah-Lahore separatists, mostly due to the urban structures acting as quasi-defensive terrain. Majid scraps the modernisation plan and then he dies of the flu, but his firebrand son, Rashive Nikbar Hussani takes over. Minor pro-Bengal, pro-British, pro-Nepal and pro-Afghanistan rallies take place in Shrinigar, Jhelum city, Mirpur, Haripur, Jammu and Lehore. The government collapses and a fierce civil war breaks out between various factions. The Maharaja, Majid and Lt. Gen. Gupta call for international help, before it totally falls apart.
    • Kashmir Dip: We request the British establish overall control of the nation and declare it a princely state of India, before it totally falls apart.
    • OOC Dev: British India is no longer a thing and there are no princely states. Read the Treaty of Kerman.
    • Magadhi Dip: Magadh decides to intervene to bring order to the nation. A force of 5,000 is sent to reestablish control in the Jammu Valley and the Punjabi districts and hold the valley. This is as a GIOCPS intervention and Magadh requests GIOCPS member states to help reestablish order in the nation.
    • Kashmir (Royal) Dip: We welcome the Magadh intervention.
  • Uniõ de Cádiz: Massive demobilization, that is the undertaking which the Union faces. Much of the navy is scrapped or put into mothballs in an effort to save money which allows the government to continue paying the bureaucracy required for state function. Meanwhile, the army is drawn down to a small force of 250,000, and colonial forces are disbanded. With the war and disease over troops flood home to find wives, jobs, and peace. However, the economic collapse of 1920 destroys all hopes of finding prosperity in the peace after the war. The government, caught not unsurprised, attempts to shore-up the markets with monetary and fiscal policies designed to increase consumer demand. The national bank forces interest rates to near zero while the government, extends veteran's benefits to the soldiers returning from war. Bank closures are also ordered to protect people’s savings and a law is passed to insure bank savings, but it will not into affect until 1921. Despite all efforts, the collapse is too much for one government to stop and the economy crashes nearly 15% in one year. With unemployment reaching 18%, the government abandons its plan for fiscal expansionary policy and introduces cost-saving measure in an effort to prevent default. The shale oil businesses in Morocco all but collapse as demand simply disappears. The Iberian Sun Power Company hangs on through the government contracts it has for power stations, but no knew projects take place. Correia, Herrero, and Fontes all struggle but manage to at least break even. Avia also survives, but only barely. In the far south of Morocco, small greenhouses, humidified through wind and seawater begin to appear. These contraptions take advantage of the intense sunlight to rapidly grow crops in a humid but hot environment. Population estimates resume and discover that there are 56.12 million in Iberia, 16.43 million in Morocco, 9.03 million in Algeria, for a total of 81.58 million in the Union proper.
    • República de las Antillas Ibéricas: Thankfully the war left limited damage on the Antilles, and with most of it repaired last year the islands are at least recovered from that catastrophe when the recession hits. Many resort to fishing as the islands face little economic opportunity and a collapse of business.
    • República de las Indias Orientales Ibéricas: The economy resumes with resurgence in the rubber and spice industries, however, with low demands much of the population becomes unemployed.
    • República de Angola: Angola weathers the storm surprisingly well due to its limited exposure to international markets and the much larger share of subsistence agriculture. Regardless, he impacts of economic calamity are still evident and many mills and refineries close.
    • República de Senegay-Guinea: Without extreme international expose the colony works mostly to integrate Guinea. The Dutch colonists there are given legal protections in a unique class, and are invited to stay. The economic situation, although not as dire as many places is severe.
    • Mauritania: With the region under nominal union control, warlords, tribal leaders, and Islamic clerics are courted in order to protect the Union's interests.
    • Magadh Dip: Magadh requests the purchase from the army and naval surplus of the Union in light of the demobilisation.
  • Kingdom of Arabia: The fully-industrialized economy steadily recovers from the war, facing a global recession that stagnates wartime level production. Natural resources are a necessary component of this production, which are imported through the cheap economic concessions of GIOCPS in the form of iron, oil, rubber, and uranium.True to our word, engineers and advisors are dispatched all current members of GIOCPS develop their industrialization, unless opted out of it. These resources are heavily refined in Arabia before domestic and external consumption. The "Game Theory" of Labor Minister Ismail Ayyob has helped further progress this economic development. Unemployment rises to 9% and stays plateaued at that point. Further urbanization development spreads across northern Oman and Bahrain. However, the economy is further threatened by the economic depression suffered across the western world, and as a result growth of production is stagnated in most sectors for the foreseeable future. Furthermore, the war-time spending of the federal government as well as the current military restructure has caused a severe deficit on the federal government. In order to combat this, the Shay Al-Nass downsizes the land military considerably, as more troops are pulled out of India in larger numbers. As the collective nations in GIOCPS have a full monopoly on the combined natural resources of the southern hemisphere, external sales of these resources are slightly increased, to balance the current lack of demand. Furthermore, the naval program is refocused, constructing more heavy cruisers and corvettes, being much cheaper than battleships, as well as investment in small air fighters. The Shay Al-Nass reaches out to the nations that are currently decommissioning ships from the Great War, offering to buy these ships with immediate cash. This includes Burgundy, Borealia, France, Cádiz, and Belka (RESPONSE). Training for Olympic Games resumes after the end of our conflicts. In anticipation of the oncoming Naval Treaty, the Minister of Commerce Issa Bard prepared a statement before the Shay Al-Nass on February 12: "We will settle for nothing less than the navy required to maintain the safety and mutual benefit of GIOCPS. The Caliphate of ancient days held a fraction of that responsibility, and our navy would make Rahim the Wise roll in his grave".  As a result of the great depression, many impoverished Arabs begin immigrating in vast numbers to other parts of the world. Hundreds of thousands have settled on the eastern side of the Zaragos Mountains, forming large Arab communities within the regions of Iran. A movement also forms for migrating to better opportunity in Belkan Maghreb, which gains tens of thousands of followers this year. Another movement of a couple of thousands immigrate to Arcadia, being the first major Muslim immigration to the New World since the Caliphate.
  • Magadhi Diplomacy: It is advised that the GIOCPS nations create area specific combined naval task forces.
    • Burgundian Dip: The Burgundian Navy and States-General approve the sale of the three Südleche Bucht-class, the two Normandië-class, and the SMS Thanet battlecruisers. It is also offered that Burgundy be contracted by Arabia to assist in the development of dock and harbor improvements so Arabia can properly operate and refit the ships.
    • Magadhi Dip to Burgundy: Magadh requests the purchase of some of the destroyers, light cruisers, and submarines that have been decommissioned. Magadh would also contract Burgundy to assist in the development of naval assets.
      • Burgundian Dip to Magadh: The sale of decommissioned ships to Magadh is approved, and Burgundy agrees to the Magadhi contract to help them in the development of naval assets.
    • No, This is a Great Depression level event. -Steph
    • Fixed.
  • Bengal/Magadh: Exports increase rapidly as trade with the GIOCPS nations increases. In order to better supplement our need for military resources, the Council reaches out to the nations that are currently decommissioning ships and downsizing their army, offering to buy these ships and weapons with immediate cash. This includes Burgundy, Borealia, France, Cádiz, and Belka (RESPONSE). Uranium and iron ore mines are being established with a total of five opening up this year. The modern curriculum for schools is established and colleges open up for the training of teachers and professors. The old canal systems established in the late 18th and early 19th century are being upgraded. The Uzair Ahmed Khan Academy for training of civil servants is established in Chittagong. The flu subsidies, having killed five-to-six million people in Magadh. The flu pandemic is carefully studied by the Council and an advisory committee is set up. Apart from the Ayurvedic, Unani and Siddha systems of medicine which are already well established in the nation, new medical colleges will be set up in all the major cities. With Arabian help, the Magadh School of Mines is established in Dhanbad. The council sets up the Department of Industries and Mines. Professionals from the western world are recruited and are given incentives to resettle, especially from nations that are suffering an economic collapse (namely United Kingdom, Borealia, Russia, Belka and New England). These professional aid in the setting up of medical colleges and the modernisation of the universities. The Magadhi Armed Forces are established consisting of the Army and the Navy. The Magadhi Police Force is also established. To fulfill the demands of the defence and police forces, it is decided that a large military-industrial complex will be set up in the Asansol-Raniganj area, conveniently located near iron ore and coal deposits. Work starts immediately. The Council starts working on a Constitution. Mahatma Gandhi continues to tour India.
    • Nope, Flu hit India worse because it was a war-zone. -Steph
    • OK. -Dev
    • Fixed
  • FS of Arcadia: The Federated States elections are held with a predicted the result Lyev Fridrik Konstantinovich won 73.34% of the vote although many call on electoral fraud, many believe that certain people were rejected their vote due to them not being able to show their identity papers. Most of the people who can show their identity papers were second generation immigrants who do have Arcadian citizenship but no way to verify it. Due to this many were refused a vote which led to this result in the eyes of many. Some also point to the fact that many poor were bribed into giving votes for the junta. The government claims that the voting rate was 87.49% of the total voting population. Vincent Neri officially resigning as president and getting power over to Lyev on 3rd of February 1920. But due to economic recession hitting the Federated States right after his taking of power he is forced to ask some economy experts place in his cabinet. Ludwig Wachter being invited into the junta's cabinet as he is an economics expert that is in charge of fixing the economy of the Federated States. One of the plans coming out of a cabinet meeting is to change to form of payment to soldiers from Arcadian Franks to an amount of land depending on their rank and deeds. This policy being called SoldatenPolitik (Soldiers politics). Our government also makes from Den Krijgersmonde and Nathiëlsburgden a Militäradministration (Military administration) this administration is meant so these islands can be under a form of government which in this case is the military as all the people living on these islands are employed by the army in one or another manner. The laws followed on these islands are the laws of military, although in some minor cases of theft and more a federal representatives are allowed to work on these specific crime cases. President Lyev also officially withdrew the offer to buy land from the Aztlán Republic, as he says this action as an unworthy and unreasoned offer from ex-President Neri. Due to President Fridrik criticising the old marshal's actions as he sees this offer as only making enemies out of our southern neighbour and ally. The government also offers to help the Aztlán Republic do the feed the fascist treat in Arcadia, Arcadian Republican Army even calls for a Crusade against Fascism. The republican army calls on all nations to join the anti-fascist wall (Players request). Our translators who speak Russian are also forced to translate fascist works into the other government of languages so that the government's can study these movements further and further to extinction. Many politicians, workers and even farmers ask foreign governments to cut all ties to fascist warmongering. An Arcadian politician held a speech in Santo Didacus where he ended his speech with " either we root out all fascism or all of fascism roots out us. Be warned of this danger"
  • New Granada (Still in a Civil War): By luck the recent 1920 economic crisis does not hit New Granada as the nation is still locked in its civil war. With the Trench Flu epidemic now calming down the civil proceeds as it does as the Fontenistas managed to consolidate most of Northern New Granada under their control with the Veralistas holding a grudge within Central New Granada as the Syndicalists still struggle to consolidate more territory as the Veralistas and Fontenistas continue to prevent them from doing so. In Aztlán the recent recession allows Luisinho Pimentel to expand the influence of the ANPF creating a new wave of propaganda promising to retake land from the FSA as the ANPF begins to infiltrate the Aztláni Government establishing a Fascist political party led by Pimental’s second in Command Jacó Corte-Real, the Aztláni Fontenista National People’s Party. As the the civil war continues the first major military operation takes place as a small army of Fontenista troops (approximately 30,000 men) move toward Ecuador engaging local Veralista and Syndicalist forces beginning the Ecuador Campaign as the three factions race to consolidate the region. The campaign begins as the Fontenista forces (30,000 men) move toward Piamonte intercepting advancing Veralista troops (20,000 men) defeating them near the city advancing toward the Nueva Loja defeating Veralista troops again and soon ambushing approximately 40,000 Syndicalist troops near Quito defeating them after besieging the city seizing most of Ecuador by late 1920. The Ecuador Campaign saw the first use of land ships (Nicknamed Naviterestria) by the Fontenistas as it contributed in their victories during the campaign. Other campaigns occur as Syndicalist forces attempt to consolidate the Province of Amazonia being defeated by Veralista Forces in mid-1920 with another offensive taking place with Veralista and Syndicalist forces advancing in Northeast New Granada resulting in a Minor Syndicalist victory in August 1920 only to be nullified by a successful Fontenista offensive in the region as the Syndicalist forces are kicked out of the region by November 1920. Though the Fontenistas have managed to gain some land the civil war seems to be long from over though Olavo Dantes promises that the civil war will end by 1925 as the Fontenistas have received support from Burgundy.
  • Brésil: The economic downturn throws millions into poverty. King Francis is shot by a young Iberian-Brésilian syndicalist named Alfonso Alimeida, who then flees to Iberia, pleading for asylum. Francis thankfully survives, but abdicates in favor of Richard de Medici. Due to the crushing poverty, syndicalist propaganda becomes rampant. To counter this, federal welfare programs are established, as well as projects to create jobs. Many tributaries of the amazon are dammed, generating power for a lot of Brésil.
  • Poland: Intermarium propaganda continues, and the depression hits the economy hard. Banknotes become worthless, so people are encouraged to trade, as well as very high banknotes being issued. Limited employment programs occur, for public work projects and aiding the Baltic States and Scandinavia rebuild. Also, government control over businesses is loosened, and to compensate soup kitchens are set up across the country. National Conservatism begins to grow in popularity, as well as anti-Semitic and anti-Russian propaganda.
  • France: With the war over, reconstruction begins, as well as demilitarization. Some small but influential women's rights movements are successful in giving woman the right to vote. A large number of Marsanist-Democrats succeed in gaining the presidency and large portions of the parliamentary after the war, and begin enacting reform as to combat economic decline and improve the employment rates, which have plummeted via war. The population stands at 48.1 million, with an estimated total of 2.1 million total military and civilian deaths from the war. A small sport, known as Futbol de Grillefer (OTL Gridiron Football), begins picking up traction among various schools and educational systems. The territories annexed from the war begin seeing general incorporation. The recently acquired territory of Dutch West Africa begins being incorporated into the French West African state.
  • Great Empire of China–Korea: With frustrations over Burgundian resistance in Indochina, China–Korea pulls out of the Treaty of Amiens but agrees to ratify the Malta Naval Treaty. With a worldwide recession, the year's naval program is postponed and only two capital ships, two heavy cruisers, six destroyers, and ten submarines are commissioned (for a total of 380 ships). To combat the recession, the personal income tax is raised from approximately 12.5% to approximately 15%, while a tax of approximately 25% is levied on luxury goods. Price controls are placed on basic commodities, and grain is purchased by the government to be stored in government stockpiles. To alleviate public debt, the government budget is reduced by 33% through the partial privatization of the welfare sector, as well as the cessation of social programs deemed unnecessary. Despite this, the war effort continues. An offensive on the Kanto plain (through the Hokkaido corridor) is launched with 1.5 million men, supported by 2250 aircraft and 600 tanks. A total of 500,000 men are stationed in Japanese territories under Sino–Korean occupation. A total of 18 dreadnoughts and 12 battlecruisers are dispatched to the South China Sea to counter the Burgundian battle fleet. It is accompanied by ten light cruisers (serving as squadron leaders) and 40 first-rate destroyers (fitted with anti-submarine mechanisms). In addition, 100 submarines are sent to target merchant shipping (preventing troop/supply carriers from arriving in Indochina and to disrupt supply lines) and to inflict damage on Burgundian ships prior to engagement with the Sino–Korean battle fleet. With naval superiority ensured in the South China Sea, Burgundian forces in Indochina are effectively blockaded and are increasingly deprived of necessary supplies to continue prolonged combat. In Indochina, a doctrine of inflicting attrition, backed by substantial aerial and artillery support is pursued. In order to clear vegetation, specialized aircraft are deployed to spray herbicides. Similarly, in order to demoralize troops, these specialized aircraft also spray poison gas and other potent chemicals onto the defending garrison – hoping to prompt desertion and incite revolts. The invasion Lan Xang continues with 600,000 men, supported by 750 aircraft and 200 tanks. Due to its proximity to China proper, offensives are conducted every two months (for a total of six in a year). The invasion of Southern Champa continues with one million men, supported by 1500 aircraft and 400 tanks. Offensives are conducted every three months (for a total of four in a year), aided by rapid infrastructural development (of railway and roads) in Dai Viet ensuring the movement of troops and supplies to the war front. From Northern Champa, the invasion of Cambodia continues with one million men, supported by 1500 aircraft and 400 tanks. Due to the navigability of the Mekong basin, riverine vessels are used as troop/supply carriers with great success.
    • Tibet (protectorate): Civic buildings are constructed in the capital of Lhasa, which is now inhabited by approximately 100,000 residents. Sedentary living is heavily encouraged, with the little available arable land being intensively cultivated. Agricultural machinery is utilized to maximize the production of wheat and rye, in order to achieve self-sufficiency. 25,000 Sino-Korean troops are stationed in Tibet.
    • Altishahria (protectorate): More mines are opened in the region surrounding Aksu, in order to harness the Tarim basin's abundance in minerals such as salt, soda, borax, gold, jade, and coal – most of which is exported to China–Korea. Large reserves of natural gas are discovered near Aksu, and as a result, the state-owned Altishahr Gas Company (AGC) begins the construction of multiple gas extraction facilities to exploit these resources. As an indirect result of this discovery, Aksu receives heavy immigration and becomes an increasingly urbanized area, with 150,000 residents. Lucrative minerals such as soda, borax and jade are the country's main exports to China–Korea. In addition to grains, cash crops are grown, specifically grapes, melons, pears, and walnuts. There is also a ranching boom, with land being converted into pastures or enclosures for livestock (mainly sheep). Processing facilities are established in major cities as preparation for further processing in China–Korea's textile mills. Korla remains Altishahria's largest city due to continuous migration and its position as a major break-of-bulk point. Various civic buildings are constructed there. 25,000 Sino-Korean troops are stationed in Altishahria.
    • Dzungaria (protectorate): In order to facilitate economic development, immigration to cities is encouraged by the Dzungar government. The Dzungar Oil Company continues to increase the scale of their oil-extraction operations, constructing more oil mines and oil refineries. In addition for supplying energy to much of northwest China, the company also provides many chemicals via distillation. 150,000 Sino–Korean troops are stationed in Dzungaria, two-thirds of which are in the Dzungarian Gate.
    • Dai Viet (protectorate): The entire population is placed under martial law. Grain stocks are increased. Fortifications are reinforced, while several arsenals and munition plants are built on major cities. The economy is reoriented to suit the demands of the Sino–Korean military, with the establishment of rubber plantations and mines to harness the rich mineral wealth of the mountains.
  • Free Alaskan Republic: Seeing the economies in the world falling apart and the president in an ever weakening position, Prime Minister Dzhugashvili grabs the opportunity and seizes power in the parliament and the military, making the position of the position of the president de facto useless. The few generals and marshals of Alaska pledge their loyalty to Dzhugashvili. Shortly later, the presidential elections are held, Dzhugashvili wins with overwhelming 59%, while former president Iossib Kosalechky only gets 25%. This is due to the speeches of Dzhugashvili, where he admitted that Kosalechky was a good man who contributed to the freedom of the Alaskans, yet he was too busy with minor affairs and acted too slow on domestic issues according to Dzhugashvili. The new coalition of Narodniki and Vanguardists brings the two former enemies closer, as Utilitarist and Technocratic thought spreads further in the intellectual circles, both parties seem to favour the Technocrats. Beside that exports break down to a minimum as the great recession takes place. To keep the national treasury afloat, a rent is implemented on the lent oil-fields and mines (GERMANY RESPONSE, PLEASE). The Oblasts are also fully established - namely Yukon, Chukchi, Aleutia, Yekaterin, Nunavut and New Caucasus.
  • Imperial Swahili Federation: Agricultural productivity continues to rise with the introduction of industrial fertilizers, prompting a boost in population. With the British signature on the Treaty of Kerman, the war is officially over. With the death of the last victim in December 1919, Trench Flu has left a heavy toll on Swahili with over 5.3 million deaths. Demobilization begins and the acquired colonies from Britain are reorganized and reconstructed. Affected by the international economic recession, many factories in Swahili are faced with rising costs of imports and costs of production, leading to bankruptcy, layoffs, and unemployment. Furthermore, the fall of foreign demand for raw materials had led to many mines, farms, plantations and other production facilities reducing their scale of production and firing workers. The First Pan-African Games, held in Dar es Salaam during June 1920, however, did alleviate unemployment slightly through demand for the construction of sports arenas and expanded tourism from the sports games. Meanwhile, the global recession has also impacted Swahili Banks, albeit a bit less due to the Swahili economy not being completely integrated within the global economy. The general restriction in credit and weakness of the Swahili currency, which is backed in gold, has led to several reactions within Swahili. While the government begins to cooperate with Swazi mineral magnates to expand gold production, in many states of Swahili, alternative forms of currency and bartering are experimented with. In the newly acquired colonies and outer areas of Swahili, army tickets, left from their temporary settlement in 1919, is used as currency. In other areas of Swahili, cotton bonds, tobacco, and tea tickets are also used as currency. In order to pay for the war bonds and war debt incurred during the war, the Department of the Navy has organized the total seized assets from the Indian Ocean Campaign, a total of over two million tons in materiel and over 150 ships. These assets are given as collateral to several large Swahili banks and also the Department of the Treasury for the issuance of Victory Bills, a series of promissory notes backed by the seized assets (and their equivalent monetary value). Meanwhile, the assets are also sold in Swahili and internationally for gold only. In order to keep the national treasury, naval and army production is reduced, while some infrastructure construction programs are passed, with the benefit of the highly reduced wages as caused by rising unemployment. The Sultan asks to hold a GIOCPS conference in order to combat the economic recession. Certain strategic industries are kept afloat by Imperial money and foreign engineers are invited to settle in Swahili. Many unemployed travel to the newly acquired territories and other GIOCPS member states for work. The export of raw material to GIOCPS member states slightly alleviate the economy, although the GIOCPS member states are unable to purchase raw materials in such quantities as to offset the reduced demand.
  • Belkan Federation: The absolute meltdown on the Belkan stock market as well as its overflow into the International stock market is predicted but still its shocking, the scale of the depression which has hit has left the country in economic shambles, and millions run to the banks to withdraw their funds. With only 40% of the Belkan currency backed by gold the Belkan ruble collapses as many people attempt to withdraw gold rather than the ruble itself. The Supreme Soviet and Joseph Tuchevsky agree that the situation is out of control and with full approval of the Supreme Soviet the banks are closed for nearly a week preventing further runs on the banks. Unemployment absolutely explodes as millions are put out of work and unemployment stands at nearly 32% in just a short amount of time. The Vozhd himself sees a massive loss in his own investments which effectively wipe out his investment portfolio which turns him into one of the affected himself. Protests and riots break out across the country and even the police turn on the local governments forcing the Vozhd to call up nearly the entire domestic army and nearly 500,000 reservists. When the Generals refuse to come to the table to keep control the Vozhd agrees to grant up of three million veterans and the entirety of the current Belkan armed forces land grants in the African colonies. The entire military is effectively bought off with colonial territory as the Vozhd is forced to watch his army keep the peace across the entirety of the country. The first half of the year sees the meltdown accelerate as unpayable debts are called and the inability of the loan payments from Brésil and even colonial administrations forces everything about the current economic system in question. Social welfare programs beyond the basic services effectively cease to exist as the inability to pay the workers, fund pensions, and keep the social programs running effectively dries them up. The latter half of the year sees the nation itself somewhat stabilize albeit in a hollow shell of its former economic strength. The stock market limps along as private investment is near non-existent and unemployment remains extremely high. The Vozhd after much consideration realizes that for the foreseeable future the Federation itself must stress getting the economy up and running. Imports and Exports remain at an all time low but ironically as a result of the collapse those still able flee to the colonies. Skilled labor and those who could potentially develop the colonies. The new economic ministers in the economic Soviet draw up a plan. While effectively destroying consumer confidence and the currency for the time being the Federation will abandon the Gold standard. The Supreme Soviet and the Vozhd discredit them refusing to go off the gold standard but do see value in the second part of their plan. The investment and development of the colonies in Africa and Asia into legitimate consumer markets opening up potentially millions of buyers and bringing Belkan industry from a slow crawl to a paced run once again. While initially deterred the economists of the Soviet of Economics remain true and wait for the depression to play out further essentially proving them right in the long run. Although the economy has essentially collapsed and much more has come to a halt, the Vozhd refuses to cut back on research and development for the military keeping large numbers of the research teams in full development paying them in either silver or products that would keep their lives effectively at a certain quality standard (their work essentially being for the lodging and care they are given as a result of their work) and while a realization that this may slow down the economic recovery, it is relatively well known in all circles that the Belkan army must be able to overcome many of the challenges of previous war with new experimental designs of tanks, aircraft, ships, guns, just everything are detailed. Things like aircraft and tanks are focused upon seeing their use in the last war and the necessity to discover all the different ways they could be utilized.
  • Empire of Uluru: With the end of the Trench Flu epidemic after nearly 3.6 million Ulurun deaths Uluru is finally able to enjoy the full benefits of GIOCPS membership and fully open trade relations with our fellow members. The quarantine of Derbarl is lifted and the city is reclaimed, and becomes a major port of trade with our Swahili allies. Although the Global recession hits Uluru hard and results in an extremely high unemployment rate of 13.79%, we manage to weather the recession relatively well due to already having measures in place partially set up to deal with a recession due to the previous short lasting one last year and we take full advantage of the The sudden millions of unemployed people by recruiting them as poorly paid workers on the various infrastructure projects that have begun throughout Uluru following the end of the year, such as the construction of the city to replace Karumba in the North, the construction of the Ulurun national railroad, and the building of modern medical centers and schools in the poor rural regions that were hit hardest by Trench Flu, which successfully brings the unemployment rate back down to a still high but not as bad 8.6% and results in the cheaper and faster completion of those projects. The genocide of British descended Uluruns is ended this year after 415,000 deaths, with most of the remaining 130,000 being deported so they don't spread tales of what they experienced. In order to distance the current regime from the action undertaken during the genocide (despite most of it being on the Emperor's orders) the genocide is publicly revealed, but is blamed on rogue elements and racist Northern nobles, with General Yarin Peewalla being blamed as the main ringleader as a scapegoat and being subject to execution via breaking on the wheel as punishment for "his" crimes (He is mainly blamed due to being a member of a prominent, noble family). This is used as an excuse to seize the remaining lands of the Northern Bakans and the execution of the Bakans themselves, with their families being stripped of all noble titles and forced to live as normal citizens. The genocide becomes known as the Grtturgar genocide, named after the largest internment camp, Grttugar. The Tasmanian war continues despite the execution of General Yarin, with his replacement being General Mougurra Suna, who continues the war (and the ethnic cleansing) with the guerrillas suffering many casualties and the losses of many battles, with several large insurgent groups being destroyed so a total of one-fourth of the guerrillas being killed. This campaign is made much easier by the withdrawal of the British support after the Treaty of Kerman, resulting in critical supply shortages that make routing them out much easier and result in their attacks being less frequent and effective. We assist Bengal in their intervention in Kashmir, with General Komer and the 100,000 Ulurun soldiers still in India having their tours of duty extended and being directed to Kashmir to help in the intervention. We request Arabian and Swahili assistance in the full electrification of Uluru, as a member state of the GIOCPS. Finally, we sent 49 athletes to compete in the Olympic Games held in Rome this year, and win many medals in the process.
  • Borealia: The effects of the global recession are felt, with the government cutting back in many sectors. A jobs program is created by the government to build roads, hydroelectric dams, bridges, nature preserves, and other projects, in an effort to lower unemployment slightly. The naval forces already in Asia continue to cut off China from Japan and Indochina, and the government attempts to negotiate a ceasefire due to both sides suffering. This year the Olympics are held in Rome, with this being the first OIympics since the Great War. Additionally the nation receives a bid to host the Winter Olympics soon. In addition the investment in seaplane carriers, this year an old ship is converted into a carrier for airplanes, and is tested in Asia for the first time. It is based heavily on the Burgundian project of the same nature. The territories taken in the war continue to be integrated into the nation, with representatives entering the national state from these states for the first time. The plan to leave the the occupied zone of New England is moved up, with its infrastructure, factories, and other war facilities that we constructed being systematically destroyed in phases as we withdraw. We continue to experience immigration, as the nation proper of Borealia was not harmed compared to much of the world, especially the other Arcadian states. And Borealian immigration to the colonies also continues, with many people being deported there.
  • Kingdom of Burgundy: Graf Theodoor van Roosevelt declines to run for a third term as Prime Minister. Without the popular head, the Conservatives new leader is the relatively unknown Julian Frese. This, combined with the worldwide economic crash, led to large Conservative losses in the general election. The National Liberal Party wins a sufficient number of seat to form a center-left coalition, ending 140 years of Conservative dominance in the government. National Liberal leader Willem Woltersom becomes the new Prime Minister. Some stop-gap measures are put in place to stem the economic bleeding. A tariff is briefly considered, but is rejected, with the government deciding to encourage as much trade as possible. Considerable effort is put into re-establishing the Burgundian merchant fleet. Hoping to keep unemployment in the steel and shipbuilding industries down, orders for new light cruisers and destroyers, modern replacements for those lost during the war and those decommissioned in the wars aftermath. Work on converting the Lexington and Saratoga into carriers slows further, both to keep workers employed, and for designers to ensure an efficient design. Despite this, four capital ships are commissioned, the Eisenbastard-class battleships SMS Sint Sigismund and SMS Austrasien, and the Lexington-class battlecruisers SMS Driemarines and SMS Kearsarge. The battleships join their sister in the newly reconstituted IV Battle Squadron, and two begin their journey to join the fleet in Southeast Asia, while Austrasien continues her working up into the latter half of the year. The two battlecruisers also join them. Merchant shipping in Southeast Asia continues to be escorted in the convoy system by destroyers, drastically reducing the effectiveness of Chinese submarines against them. Some 100,000 Sumatran and Bornean troops, and 50,000 Ceylonese troops (all of whom had not been heavily involved Troop-wise in the Great War) land in Champa to assist in the defense. Another force of 100,000 troops raised from Nieuw Zeeland, including a band (corps) of 25,000 Maori, land in Java briefly before sailing for Chinese Papua, launching an invasion.
  • Baltic Federation: With the influx of military supplies and support from abroad, the Baltic Federation is well-secured against potential Russian aggression. With the economic collapse, Federation President Pavils Jansons of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Baltica consults the leading investors and landowners of the Federation in an attempt to maintain economic stability. The large army, number half a million men strong, proves to be a burden on the young nation's fiscal standing in the world. To that end, Preisdent Jansons decides, alongside the Federation Council, to impose a mandatory draft into the reserves of all men aged 18 (or 22, if attending university) through 45. These men are drilled on the weekends by professional generals - many of whom hail from abroad but have been sent in as advisors to protect the Federation from Russian aggression. This cuts down the total amount of government spending - which follows the advice given to Pavils Jansons by the people he consulted. Meanwhile, support for Intermarium increases as Poland spends money to improve the well-being of the Baltic Federation.

1921

As the global economy continues its collapse labor markets across Europe evaporate. France and the United Kingdom reach just below 30% unemployment, Belka and the Uniõ de Cádiz reach nearly 25%, Germany, Russia, Poland, and other European states also see major labor surpluses, along the lines of 22%.

With unemployment reaching 34.2% and war loans piling up, Burgundy defaults on its debts. The next day, Thursday June 2, is known as Zwarte Donderdag as Burgundy descends into chaos as rioters, unpaid soldiers, and the unemployed take to the streets demanding wages and food. Workers in government-run shipyards go unpaid as national finances freeze. Looting breaks out and creditors begin legal proceedings against the government to recover their losses. Some less scrupulous lenders hire gangs of thugs to break into government offices and seize valuables.

Borealia’s decision to press on with works projects after defaulting causes international creditors to lower their ratings for the nation. Without a source of credit the Borealian economy enters free fall as government functions grind to a near halt.

Nations on the gold standard (This should be nearly everyone) experience massive deflationary effects as investors flee cash markets to gold.

Hindutva rises across the many indian states. Several major demonstrations precipitate the National Front for Hindustan which begins agitating for Indian Unity and Hindu Identity. Rather than emphasize Hindi language and culture, the group develops a broader identity along a more religious anti-Muslim and anti-Christian bent.

Another wave of Fascist enter the governments in Aztlán and the youth has become increasingly opposed to the old, republican, system. The economic collapse also causes significant harm to the nation which the Fascist promise to resolve making them a popular party.

China, still engaged in war despite the depression, struggles to pay its massive army and navy. Although large enough to be partially insulated from the effects of the depression, the financial impacts have begun to show. The commercial sector begins to feel the full effects of the global trade collapse.

New England’s provisional government devolves into feuding factions as the economy worsens to a breaking point. Debts go ignored and unemployment exceeds 30%. The Blueshirts, take to the streets harassing Burgundian descendants, Jews, and other minority groups. The Fascists promise stability and vengeance, as well as economic recovery. Meanwhile, Syndicalist Greybacks clash in the streets in a struggle for control.

The Brésilian welfare state and extensive dam construction programs causes uncontrollable inflation as the government prints money to cover expenses. Within the year inflation has quartered the value of Brésilian money and the population begins to question the unrestrained monetary policies of the government.

Egyptian dependence on Belka as a market for raw materials causes a chain of collapse throughout Egypt. Without demand for Cotton and other Egyptian raw materials dozens of major producers go out of business. With war debt still unpaid the government defaults after losing 45% of its revenue. Within the week the military, led by a cadre of young officers, seizes control of the country. However, some troops and many civilians remain loyal to the old regime and a civil war breaks out with chaos in most urban areas.(edited)

  • What war debts?? I was neutral during the war!!!
    • JosephtheAwesome: I can't confirm this since I'm not a mod, but it's probably the war debts from your attempts to conquer Armenia and Tekke and from your war with Arabia.

Having used aggressive spending policies to reduce unemployment, Uluru’s debt interest payments eat up it budget and force the government to consider austerity measures. With spending falling unemployment rises once more to 17.2%.

  • Belkan Federation: With the complete collapse of a major trading partner and confidence at an all time low, Vozhd Tukchevsky, after having managed to secure funding for an expedition, deploys the 80,000 strong Suez garrison in support of the junta offering to help them secure their debts owed and restabilize the country under a joint economic cooperative agreement that is being developed for the rest of the empire as well. Egypt, holding a special place in the Belkan trade sphere, is uniquely offered this. With the clear cut acceptance and support of most of the Egyptian military the Belkan garrison increased to 100,000 from 80,000 and effectively being paid in goods and even in some cases silver and gold are deployed throughout Egypt with forces entering Alexandria, Cairo, and every other major city. Seeing Arabian troops on the border the Belkan garrison seizes for its own safety the entire Suez Canal and militarizes the border with Arabia not willing to see Arabians march across and wipe out decades of Belkan investment into the region. As a result of having much more unbridled control of the Ethiopian army, as a result of the war and with the country more or less having no choice but to subscribe to the Belkan program and with a fallen Egypt a clear cut threat to this due to hosting a major part of the Trans-African Railway, nearly 400,000 Ethiopian troops are moved into Egypt securing much of the Christian south and joining Belkan troops as peacekeepers and logistical support for the junta as they fight the monarchists. Belkan troops begin their own campaign against the monarchists as well rooting out the small number of the military who stayed with them. The Debt crisis is finally gotten hold of as the Vozhd while full of fear convinces the Supreme Soviet to go off of gold standard and expand the money supply. The expansion of the money supply sees some immediate benefits but does not fully remove the issues of the depression. However, as a result of this expansionary policy key industries are able to be brought from a slow crawl to a dull hum as they begin to produce again. Soldiers in particular are able to be paid in cash once again. The economy while heavily struggling begins to produce again but the unemployment rate remains and issue and between two schools of thought the Vozhd agreed to implement both sending those well versed in the development of an economy into the colonies as well as developing government work groups to help get people money in their pockets in a minimum wage context as well as keeping them fiscally afloat. It sees light joining the first year as only a few extremely desperate people join the Belkan Public Services Administration which specifically works on developing Belka's infrastructure with key focuses on a major highway system. Tukchevsky managed to pass legislation effectively keeping Belka's most important banks afloat and manages to prevent closures of more but overall it looks as if over the last two years nearly 600 banks have closed and there was a net loss of nearly 110 million rubles which prompts the government in general to begin development of legislation to guarantee banks for the future and prevent their total collapse like what just happened. The situation while stabilizing remains hard. The Belkan military development teams continue to develop new technologies but only prototypes or small numbers in order to stay ahead of the curve in designs for many different kinds of equipment. The old semi-automatics and bolt actions rifles meet their match as the Belkan develop Sarajevo arms AVT-21 shows extreme promise.
    • The junta agrees. 
  • Kingdom of Arabia: King Abd Al-Rahman V continues to preside over the government run by the Shay Al-Nass in Damascus. Museums and great works of Baroque art and architecture, as hallmarks of the earlier Caliphate, are heavily invested in across Syria and Palestine, as a way of increasing state revenue through a growing tourism business. The King reaches out to China, a historical friend of the Arab people and the Caliphate, for a matrimonial union between the two ancient kingdoms. Aisha Jaffar, the King's niece, is an eligible age of 16, and we propose arranging a contract between her and an eligible bachelor from the court of the Jin Dynasty. Even in the midst of the depression, Arab media continues to be produced as a means of escapism for some. Comic books, in line with the craze of graphic novels of the late 19th century, take off with popularity among a wide range of audiences. The most successful of these companies is Moomtaz Comics. Arab cinema also is produced across different major cities in Syria and Palestine with a new war movie this year based on the Anglo-Arab war of the 1880s. The same policies as the previous year continue to bring more money in, including the focus on lighter ships and cheaper heavy cruisers to back the navy. Arabia proposes a joint effort for nations in GIOCPS to sponsor individual industries growth in the region, as a way of helping all members stay financially afloat. We also continue to buy defunct ships from other navies. The Hindu nationalists are not directly addressed, as such groups are unwelcome in Indian society. Support for growth and stabilization of the nation is indiscriminately given to both Hindus and Muslims, whoever is running the government in India. Even so, the post-war recession continues to keep many industries at a slow pace, and leaves many people without homes or jobs. As a result, an increasing number of people migrate in nearby arable land in Iran, rising to almost a million this year. Many more also travel to Belkan Africa, displacing attempts of further settlement there, with Arab immigrants numbering almost 200,000 this year. Arabia acts swiftly to the development in Egypt, and had we known of the financial crisis earlier the situation could have been resolved. The Shay Al-Nass absolves Egypt of any debts owed to the nation, and any other nations in GIOCPS. The border is militarized with a volunteer army, and we ask the local city-level governments if they would like peacekeeping forces in the border regions of Egypt, preventing unnecessary violence (mod response). The Ministry of State recognizes the rebel army loyal to the monarchy to be the legitimate government, and offers to give a large bailout to them in order to reconcile their debts to the military (mod response). Secretly, excess military hardware and resources left over from the Great War are given to the legitimate government. These raw materials also include oil, leather, steel and rubber. End secret.
    • I'm still here. -Colgan
      • The Rebels agree but the local governments refuse Arabia's offer.
        • You 100% do not have the money to give a bailout nor would anyone be okay with you absolving the debts, Egypt was your enemy less than a few years ago. In what world do you think that during a debt/no money and heavy economic crisis crisis do you think you can absolve the debts and bailout a country that was decidedly your enemy very recently -Feud
        • Also, why did you promise that the rest of the GIOCPS would also absolve their debts to Egypt? The GIOCPS is an organization that regulates, maintains and enforces a series of trade agreements, concessions, and military alliances across the Indian Ocean (as stated on its article), but the member nations are still independent, so Arabia definitely doesn't have the authority to promise the rest of us would also absolve them of any debts to us. -JosephtheAwesome
        • The Arabic public would be concerned by the quick turn around in relations with Egypt. You need to wait a few more years and explain to the Arabian public why Egypt is now trustworthy. User:Todetode :. ~ Under the Hood, Connect to Basic information? ~ Todetode (talk).
  • Empire of Uluru: With the massive rise in unemployment rates to 17.2% and the rapid shrinking in our budget due to our need to pay our debt interest payments the government is forced to cut spending to the infrastructure projects and to various other sectors such as our army and navy, and the amount of money put into those is massively reduced. This significantly slows down the building of the railroad and the building of the schools and hospitals, with the building of the replacement city being completely put on hold for the time being. This also results in supply shortages for both the forces fighting in Tasmania and for those involved in the Kashmir intervention, forcing many to scavenge for supplies in the areas they are fighting in, including by taking them from the locals. These measures, although harsh, do manage stop the rapid shrinking of our budget and make it much easier to pay our debts, which we believe will be fully paid off by 1926, and frees up much more money which is used to try to revitalize the economy by lowering the taxes on Uluru-run businesses and companies (in another attempt to increase economic activity and reduce unemployment) and increasing the taxes on foreign goods (although the taxes are raised less than the ones lowered on internal business), a course of action that does succeed in increasing the economic activity within Uluru, with companies such as Nukunu Motors, the various oil companies in Mpantwe, and Warina fruit benefiting immensely from these measures. In Tasmania, the budget cuts result in supply shortages that result in many soldiers pillaging the areas they attack, which helps increase support for the guerrillas, who, also suffering from much more severe supply shortages, begin undertaking similar measures by launching active raids and attacks on Ulurun and Native Tasmanian run businesses throughout the countryside, further ravaging the countryside and making the war even more split along ethnic lines, turning many against them as well, although they also recover much of the strength they lost last year and win several battles, even managing to sieze some territory in Central Tasmania, which causes the general to request reinforcements from the mainland. Trade with our fellow GIOCPS nations increases further. To combat the recession and not seeing the need for as large of an army when we aren’t at war and nobody else has any real economic capacity to currently wage war on us due to the recession we retire 800,000 of our two million-strong army to the reserves instead of actively having them serve, with them still being able to seek out jobs outside of the military, still being paid (although far less) and having to report to nearby bases for military practice once a month. This is done in an effort to increase the amount of money the government has available by having to pay less to a large portion of the army, but still keep them from getting angry and potentially using their military skills against the government by continuing to pay them less and not to compromise our defenses as much by still being able to call upon them in times of war.
    • French Diplomacy: Uluru would like to open trade and diplomatic relations with the United French Republic, and build an embassy in France (FRENCH RESPONSE NEEDED!)
  • FS of Arcadia: With the influx of immigrants from the Campines comes the creation of an ethnic and political organisation for their workers in the Federated States of Arcadia. This committee is called Kempisch Verbond Arkadië (KVA), this bond is created so that Campine traditions will not be lost even in Arcadia. This committee doesn't have many members with only around 250 full members in it. Due to the crisis happening in the Federated States Lyev decides to force any civil servant over the age of 50 to go into early retirement. That makes it so that 20% of civil servants leave. That is so that the government spends less on them. The SoldatenPolitik (Soldierspolitics) also begins to show its first results, with a total of 150,000 soldiers moving to Küstenland and Bergsorbien. These soldiers set up farms to feed their families and only enough food to feed them and their families, as selling it was worthless for the current moment. Government spending has to decrease to save the Arcadian people and the economy which is broken. This is done by ending all light train infrastructure investments, which cost around 5% of all government spending. The Mzerkan animist church asks its followers to show sympathy to those who have less and are hungry Culodenist priests and religious scholars ask for all believers of Culoden to Share their wealth and let no believer undergo poverty. The Culoden church also calls for a meeting of all priests and scholars and even followers if they so desire. This congress of Culoden religion is to decide a few topics of the church 1: Language of the Culoden faith, 2: Organisation of the church (United or each following specific gods), 3: Dignity standards for the clergy: To specify what behavior is acceptable and what isn't, 4: The Relation of Culo to all other gods and the doctrine around it. The Technocrat movement also officially evolves into a political party after a meeting held by many scientists and other specialists and they ratify this agreement on the 23rd of September. Ludwig Wachter is Voted General Director of the Technocratic Party of Arcadia, as his first action is to make Paul Smith as Sociology director. Ludwig also official as first party rule sets that any member can only hold one party post at the same time.
  • United States of Germany: Prior to the recession, the German government attempted to support their economy via production to other countries in the global economy. When the recession hits in mid-March 1920, the German economy had stopped growth and went on a slow decline throughout March before catching up with the rest of the world. Since April 1920, the German economic system was dragged down by its neighbors and its economy has led to a sharp decline, leading to growing criticism of the current government in power. 500,000 left the mainland last year, one million this year had left when unemployment was raised to 22% to seek opportunities abroad. This made the two ideologies of Utilitarianism and Technocracy even more valid, and the two has exponentially increased in popularity throughout the year. Technocrats the most. In order to appease or stifle the growing power of technocracy, the German government enacted reforms to slowly break down size and impact of the corporations via regulations in case they fail and bring everyone else with them. In order to secure long term trade. Germany declares a new project planned that the Baltic Sea should be for free and safe passage. A safezone for assets to be moved about without much fear of attack. Intending for it to be a safezone for trade compared to other troubled waters. Any nations that attack any ship within the Baltic Sea would raise German ire. In order to stifle the recession and help resolve international politics to prevent another devastating global war, Germany invites Greater powers of Belka, France, Russia, China-Korea, Burgundy, Brésil, and Iberia to Berlin to negotiate or sign in the creation of an intergovernmental organization. Its current proposal is here. (PLAYER RESPONSES NEEDED).
    • New Hessia: The colony held 1.4 million people, mainly natives, while 100,000 settlers were in the colony prior to the 20th century. However, the colony received one million migrants from the mainland since 1908 and an additional good 500,000 migrants from the mainland since the recession and the Great War. At this point, European settlers starts to surpass the number natives by next year. (Secret): In the flat savannas of New Hessia, local officers of the divisions of the German armed forces are beginning to experiment with the concept of a lightning war, using half-tracks, infantry, and the air force in tandem. As such, more modern fighters and close-air support aircraft is being developed as such, mainly taking Great War-era biplanes and developing plans of monoplane versions of them as well as other aircraft from the ground up to support ground units.
  • Egypt: With Muhammed Ali III dying last year and the economic crisis causing Egypt to collaspe into civil war, the new military administration is tasked with staying in power, and thus organizes a strong central government to rule over its territories. The MIlitary Government calls for Belkan Support against the royalist remnants and the ever so watchful Arabians across the border (FEUD RESPONSE NEEDED). Numerous rebel fighter outposts are surrounded by Government Forces. The Central Government has Control over the cities of Alexandria, Giza, Suez, Gaza, and yeah, while the city of Alia is in rebel hands. The air force begins massive bombing campaigns against rebel military targets and settlements. Most Local Governments decline Arabian protection. With the Central Government having the upper hand and having an actual established authority over their controlled territories, it is expected the military lead-government will win the civil war in an overwhelming victory. The military government sends a delegation to Aleppo, telling the Arabians to back off the Egyptian Civil War, and we will withdraw all claims to the Palestine Region and reestablish ties with Arabia (NATE RESPONSE NEEDED!). Propaganda is dropped into Royalist areas, attempting to demoralize the enemy, calling for a quick end to the war, and the unification of Egypt. More might come, but not tonight.
  • Scraw banned you from the game. Please do not post. -Feud

Vinland: Although not as badly hit as Borealia the Vinlandic economy shows a big decline and the budget is cut on a multitude of places. The military is not cut and the Prime Minister announces the kust försvars fortifaktioner progrsmmet (English: coastal defense fortification). We ask Alaska, Borealia and Scandinavia for help. (BOREALIAN, ALASKAN AND SCANDINAVIAN RESPONSE NEEDED)

  • New Granada (In a Civil War): The Civil War continues as in early 1921 the Veralistas launch a devastating offensive in Southern New Granada defeating the Syndicalist forces there as they attempted to consolidate the area. This results in the collapse of the New Granadian Army of the Interior (Main Syndicalist Military Force) as they are unable to establish a base of operations running low on supplies. With this, the remnants of the Army of the Interior re-organize themselves into the Legion of Amazonia in order to conduct guerrilla warfare against the Veralista Forces. However, the Veralista Victory over the Syndicalists is short lived as the Fontenistas, taking advantage of the Syndicalist Guerrilla Campaign in the Province of Amazonia, launch a campaign in Central New Granada defeating the Veralista forces multiple times in the OTL Colombian Provinces of Boyacá, Casanare, Santander and Caldas reaching the city of Tunja, located 130 km northeast of Bogotá by September 1921 after the Veralistas halted the Fontenista Advance. With the Fontenistas gaining the upper advantage having consolidated most of New Granada, plans are made to establish a proto-state in New Granada as a Fontenista Provisional Government is established in Quibdó with Olavo Dantes as its leader. Due to the success of the ANPF and the AFNPA in Aztlán, Dantes sends more agents to the neighbouring states of Guyana, Brésil and Peru in order to spread Fascist Propaganda as the Fascist Internationale is established as an International organization advocating Fascist Ideological Dominance in the World with the first Congress of the Fascist Internationale planned to take place in Quibdó next year as all Fascist Movements are invited to attend the meeting(Mod Response Needed). In Aztlán the ANPF continues to expand its influence over the Aztláni government as Luisinho Pimentel and Jacó Corte-Real promise to find a solution for the economic crisis allowing the AFNPA to gain a lot of influence in Aztlán. (Secret: In the city of Santiago de Veraguas, in Panama North of the Belkan occupied Canal Zone members of the ANPF, AFNPA and the FNPA hold a meeting to beginning planning a coup d’etat against the Aztláni Government that would be executed by the orders of Olavo Dantes. The plan is developed and approved by the Big Three (Olavo Dantes, Luisinho Pimentel and Jacó Corte-Real) as they believe that by establishing a Fascist Government in Aztlán, they would be able to expand their influence throughout all of Arcadia. End of Secret). With the FNPA extending its influence in Arcadia and Laurentia, Olavo Dantes promises that New Granada will achieve what they have failed to do during the Great War: total dominance in both Laurentia and Central Arcadia.
  • Uniõ de Cádiz: With recovery not in sight, riots break out in every major Iberian, Moroccan, and Algerian city. Veterans, often still armed, march through the streets demanding pensions and care packages. With the situation out of control, the government steps down in favor of snap elections. The collapse of corporate influence allow the election of pro-labor and pro-consumer technocratic parties to control of all three parliaments. The Iberian Parliament swiftly votes to enfranchise women while also passing laws that ban corporate donations to political parties and political entities. Caps are also placed on personal donations in an effort to promote technocratic governance. Morocco lags in granting voting rights to women, but also passes a law prohibiting all corporate donations. In Algeria, despite protests from the natives Algerians women are granted voting rights, and likewise a law is passed to prevent corporate influence. With monetary policy constrained by the gold supply, the Union faces a difficult choice even with Technocracy in such power. After several weeks of deliberation and expert testimony, the three republics, in joint session to determine this very important matter, are finally convinced by the testimony of expert monetary-economist Jonatán Sarmiento whose research focused on the impact of the money supply on markets (OTL Associate of ATL Keynes). With the money supply now more flexible, the central bank of the Union determines a possible solution. Accepting that inflation will have to rise to overcome the recession, the government institutes a program of social welfare paid for through the expansion of the money supply. This has the double impact of reducing the value of the Union Real, while also boosting domestic demand. With the Real weak, foreign exports become increasingly competitive. With inflation strictly maintained at approximately 10% annually, the government is able to directly fund basic social welfare programs while still paying a significant amount of the debt’s principal owed by the Union. This is augmented by strict austerity measures in other sectors, noticeably the armed forces. The one area of military spending that remains funded is research and development. Although funding is tight, small teams of engineers are employed to compete for several prizes. Armored Vehicles, Interceptor/Fighter Aircraft, and Bombers all have prizes in the form of a pension. The Sandoval Model 1917 Semi-Automatic Rifle is developed further and after successful testing is seriously considered for future adoption. Factory retooling begins but with a limited staff of only ten machinists to keep costs to a minimum. Banks are provided with the backing they need to continue operation. Under threat of bankruptcy, Herrero and Correia merge into Herrero-Correia Industrial. Fontes manages to break even due to its large market share. Avia and the Iberian Sun Power Company both survive as well, but with increasingly small returns. In the far south of Morocco, small greenhouses, humidified through wind and seawater begin to appear and spread. These contraptions take advantage of the intense sunlight to rapidly grow crops in a humid but hot environment. Population estimates determine that there are 56.29 million in Iberia, 16.6 million in Morocco, 9.17 million in Algeria, for a total of 82.06 million in the Union proper. Many service members are granted land in Morocco and Algeria in an effort to provide payment for the war, several hundred thousand Iberians, Moroccans, and Algerians are granted these marginal lands. The University of Sevilla is brought in to assist in helping develop these semi-arid lands through techniques mastered over the last 20 years of ecological research. Large volumes of organic material are brought in to build up the soil and streams, gullies, and dry rivers are to be dammed to provide water. This work, mostly done by those men themselves is not paid for by the state, but their efforts are sponsored and are given sanction.
    • República de las Antillas Ibéricas: The Depression continues unabated, but the islands survive through subsistence and base industry. Many resort to fishing as the islands face little economic opportunity and a collapse of business.
    • República de las Indias Orientales Ibéricas: The economy, still suffering a lack of demand sees more collapse in the short term.
    • República de Angola: Angola weathers the storm surprisingly well due to its limited exposure to international markets and the much larger share of subsistence agriculture. Regardless, the impacts of economic calamity are still evident and many mills and refineries remain closed.
    • República de Senegay-Guinea: Without extreme international exposure the colony works mostly to integrate Guinea. The economic situation, although not as dire as many places, is severe.
    • Mauritania: With the region under nominal union control, warlords, tribal leaders, and Islamic clerics are courted in order to protect Unionist interests.
  • Kingdom of Burgundy: With peace reached with China, Burgundian military and administrative personnel begin withdrawing from Indochina as sovereignty is transferred to China. Javan and Malayan troops are transported to their respective home countries, where their armies are stood down. The Burgundian expeditionary force returns home, where two-thirds are discharged, bringing the standing army to about 150,000 total, between what remains of the expeditionary force and what had been kept home. The High Seas Fleet sees further consolidation to reduce costs. SMS Dreadnought in recognition of the impact she had on naval warfare, is saved from the scrapyard and is preserved in Amsterdam as a museum ship. Most of Burgundy's first generation dreadnought battleships are lined up to be sold for scrap, but are kept so far due to possible interest from countries looking to buy them. The end of the Chinese front doesn’t save the country from Black Thursday, however, when Burgundy's strained credit lines snap. Active Royal Army regiments, supported by several landship battalions, are called upon to disperse the riots. The economic downfall is the final straw for the government, which by a wide majority votes to remove the country from the gold standard. Strict limits are placed on the amount of money that can be printed so as to prevent hyperinflation. Upon word of some lenders hiring gangs to break into government buildings, King Rogier authorizes the State Security Service to arrest the offending lenders. Once said offenders have been found guilty in a court of law, with charges ranging from unlawful imprisonment, to conspiracy, to tax evasion, their businesses and assets are seized. Riding that momentum, some large corporations are targeted over suspected tax evasion and possible anti-trust law violations. By the end of the year, the first verdicts begin coming down, with in most cases the corporations are ordered to be broken up into their subsidiary companies.
  • Borealia: After the gravity of the financial situation is better understood, the planned program to introduce work programs is canceled or diminished, so the events at the start of the year are partially reversed. The nation's navy sees the number of ships being constructed slowed, although the nation's shipyards continue to build ships for other nations, and the navy recovers a large amount of money by selling or scrapping old ships. One of the few major ships that is ordered is a new aircraft carrier, from the conversion of another battlecruiser. The nation's aviation industry grows slightly due to the rise of commercial aircraft and public use. Many of the nation's older aircraft are sold to the nation's allies. We agree to aid Vinland in their defense project, although we inform the Vinlanders that we already built a series of coastal defenses in Vinland several years ago. Settlement of the new territories continues, with most of the native English populations being moved or deported. Development of the colony of Vanatau and the other Pacific possessions continues. We ask to build an embassy in the Uluru capital and open trade between our nations, in the hopes of strengthening the Pacific region.
  • Imperial Swahili Federation: Agricultural productivity continues to rise with the introduction of industrial fertilizers, prompting a boost in population. The Federal and State governments cut several art and music programs, as well as social spending programs in order to keep finances afloat. The Federal and State government also reduce Army and To boost income, however, they have turned to selling land in order to fund government expenses. In order to alleviate unemployment, especially of highly skilled and highly educated workers, the Federal Bunge has passed a Madrassah Land Grant program, where government lands in states would be given to educators for the purpose of the establishment of public and state madrassahs for the education of the states residents. The madrassahs would be funded by state and also be land sales in the first few years. In particular, it is hoped that the establishment of these madrassahs would increase the land prices of the surrounding areas in order to fund the schools more effectively. Furthermore, many normal schools are established by the government and the Imperial House even establishes the Imperial Institute of Technology, Zanzibar University, a more western styled institute of higher education, and Mogadishu Grand Madrassah. Scientific research is also sponsored by the Imperial House, with the establishment of the Victory Labs, which is based in the newly acquired territories and also conduct geological and biological surveys in the area. For several heavy industries, the Great Recession and reduction in government army expenses had led to a glut in demand, forcing them to consider other ways of earning revenue. Russom’s has shifted toward producing commercial and agricultural aircraft, based on the previous recon aircraft. Safiri has shifted into light weight motorcycles and cargo motorcycles, which is increasingly attractive to those who are unable to afford automobiles. The Pan African Games has ended with great success for Swahili, as we gained first place in both Gold Medals and total medal count. While expensive sources of entertainment, such as theatre, musicals and opera are in decline, cheaper escapism becomes popular. Radio shows and sport broadcasts become popular and many communities decides to buy a radio for the whole village or neighborhood. Novels, films and manga also becomes popular and film in particular experiences a surge with the influx of unemployed former theatre professionals. In interstate commerce, many merchants have begun using bonds and promissionary notes to trade in response to the collapsing Swahili currency. For foreign trade, while many merchants still use the Gold backed Swahili dinars, many request their trade partners to also accept promissionary notes or bonds as payment. By the end of the year, the Federal Bunge has voted to shift the Swahili currency from gold backed to a basket of material, silver and gold. This had led to inflation of the Swahili currency and an increase in government spending and foreign exports. Work programs of foreign nations are considered to be adopted.
    • Too early. -Solace

1922

The Global economy begins to mostly stabilize. Layoffs slow and global unemployment begins to fall for the first time in years. Most countries hover just about 16% unemployment. However, there are many others that still struggle to feed all their citizens.

With the introduction of Belkan Forces to Egypt, a large portion of the Egyptian Army switches sides. Millions of young men and women, unemployed due to the depression, take to arms and an insurgency begins against the Belkans. Improvised explosive devices are littered near Belkan camps and mortars are used to indiscriminately shell Belkan held positions. With Egypt under direct threat the Caliph makes veiled statements about “finding peace through the struggles,” but many Muslims see this as a call to Jihad. Nearly 250,000 veterans of the Ruso-Arabian war pour into Egypt, crossing the Red Sea by cover of darkness.

The Burgundian Government succeeds in ending the riots but several hundred are injured or die in the violence as strained police forces struggle against the protesters. Overall levels of government satisfaction reach an all time low. The economy remains stagnant through the anti-trust measures. Unemployment sits at 31.2% but is slowly improving.

Germans in the Rhineland regions of Burgundy launch a full on war for independence. Armed with modern Burgundian and German surplus the region demands complete and total Burgundian withdrawal and ask Germany to support their effort.

Immigration to Uluru which had been high before their ethnic cleansing policies becomes nearly non-existent. Why? The genocide ended more than two years ago and was acknowledged and blamed on parties who were already punished. I understand why this could have happened before but if it was going to happen realistically this should have already happened, not suddenly become the case in 1922 when its been an acknowleged fact for more than two years and every other minority group has been treated fine.

In western Europe the situation begins to improve. The United Kingdom sees its first economic growth since the loss of its colonies and unemployment slides to 18.2%. Meanwhile, the French unemployment rate falls to 19.8% late in the year. The Uniõ de Cádiz also begins to see improvement thanks to the expansionary monetary policy and unemployment hits 18.5%.


The Belkan expedition to Egypt slows the pace of recovery significantly and causes some measure of discontent within parliament and at home.

Indian nationalists move away from a Hindu-centric message and begin offering a more broadly “Indian” national identity that excludes Muslims but accepts all “Truly Indian” beliefs. Small-scale violence against Muslims and Christians in India appears as nationalists take matters into their own hands.

Aztláni Fascists are elected to national levels of government and support for the party swells.

In Borealia, English and Human Rights activists disrupt some deportation attempts with human chains. Policing forces involved in the deportations face increasingly worse morale due to these protests.

  • Uniõ de Cádiz: The inflationary measures of last year prove to be moderately effective in alleviating public debt, but do have the unintended consequence of destroying savings. However, for most citizens of the Union, the economic situation had already ruined any savings. With the economy now stabilized, unemployment settles at 18.5% with no indication of improving. Fortunately, with public debt now at bay the government has more options for spending. The Union Reserve reduces inflation rates by lowering the money supply with a goal of maintaining 8% inflation this year. With more tax revenue freed from mandatory debt payments the government doubles down and continues to pour money into paying off debts. Although this serves to mostly enrich banks and large creditors it also opens up renewed lines of credit to industry and the population in general. International access to this credit is swifty banned in an effort to allow Union industry to recover. With credit liquidity restored the Union’s financial system recovers rapidly. Banks, although highly risk averse, resume lending in a limited capacity which allows companies and consumers to re-enter the economy. The recent collapse of the British Empire and the destruction of French industrial capacity have left the Union in a fortuitous position. Colonial imports are available to Union factories at a much lower price without the tariffs which allows Union goods to undercut those of France and the United Kingdom. This advantage sees light, consumer industry revive itself rapidly. Although nowhere near pre-war levels the outlooks appears steady. Despite this Herrero-Correia Industrial continues to struggle but manages to maintain a very small profit this year after spending on light industrial equipment picked up in the third-quarter of the year. Fontes also manages to return to profitability as household liquidity rises. Avia continues to struggle and cuts back on its production side in favor of its semi-profitable research and development sector which receives government funding. The Iberian Sun Power Company sees significantly improved profitability as municipalities, consumers, and industrial companies take out loans to reduce their overall long-term expenditure on coal. Several new solar-thermal plants begin construction this year alone. In the far south of Morocco, small greenhouses, humidified through wind and seawater begin to appear and spread. These contraptions take advantage of the intense sunlight to rapidly grow crops in a humid but hot environment. Population estimates resume and discover that there are 56.29 million in Iberia, 16.60 million in Morocco, 9.17 million in Algeria, for a total of 82.06 million in the Union proper. Settlement in Morocco and Algeria continues, but the majority of soldiers who took the deal have already been resettled. Although the work is slow and grueling the arid landscapes of southern Morocco start to take on a more hospitable air as gullies, rivers, and streams are now lined with repeated banks of biomass in the form of wheat stalks, felled trees, palm fronds, and all other manner of bio-materials. These banks, augmented by low dams, catch and store water while also improving the soil. There are still years to go before the area will produce significant food crops, but the hope is that this cultivative work will allow for orchards to line the banks of natural water formations. This work is overseen by researchers from the University of Sevilla’s Arid Ecology Department, but is done by the local farmers who were settled there recently. Military research continues, but is slow as funding constraints prohibit grand inventions. Production of the Sandoval Model 1917 Semi-Automatic Rifle officially begins with two plants opening for the rifles. Expected adoption for the guns is placed at 1926 for the standing army of 250,000.
    • República de las Antillas Ibéricas: The Depression continues, but the islands survive through subsistence and base industry. Many resort to fishing as the islands face little economic opportunity and a collapse of business.
    • República de las Indias Orientales Ibéricas: The economy, still suffering a lack of demand sees more collapse in the short term.
    • República de Angola: Angola weathers the storm surprisingly well due to its limited exposure to international markets and the much larger share of subsistence agriculture. Regardless, the impacts of economic calamity are still evident and many mills and refineries remain closed.
    • República de Senegay-Guinea: Without extreme international exposure the colony works mostly to integrate Guinea. The economic situation, although not as dire as many places is severe.
    • Mauritania: With the region under nominal union control, warlords, tribal leaders, and Islamic clerics are courted in order to protect Unionist interests.
  • Great Empire of China–Korea: Peace is reached with Burgundy (OOC: terms had been discussed via discord). The colonies of Lan Xang, Champa, and Cambodia is transferred to Sino–Korean control, though Burgundy retains limited resource exploration and extraction rights. Burgundy will also give 30 tonnes of gold to China–Korea over a time span of 15 years; a reversal of the peace agreement concluding the 1864 Anglo–Burgundian Intervention (referred to as the "Unequal Treaty of 1864"). Victory in Indochina, the subsequent acquisition of Burgundy's Indochinese colonies, and the symbolic reversal of the aforementioned treaty cause a surge in national pride. The standing army is reduced to approximately 4.3 million from approximately 6.5 million, with the number of troops in offensive positions in Japan reduced to a more manageable approximately 800,000. The Kanto plain region is attacked by 800,000 troops, 800 aircraft, and 200 tanks. To further alleviate government debt, six battleships and battlecruisers each, eight destroyers, and over 60 submarines are decommissioned. Several measures are undertaken to address the recession. The currency is removed from the gold standard to combat deflation, while provincial and rural communities are encouraged to participate within the consumer market. Unemployment has peaked at approximately 10%, though rates of underemployment are much higher. The development of smaller inland cities is prioritized, to deter further migration to oversaturated coastal cities. With renewed nationalistic sentiment, there is also an accompanying renewed interest in traditional Chinese and Korean arts. The film industry experiences rapid growth under numerous competing private firms. Historical films and epics – mainly set during the transition from the Bao and Jin dynasties, or during the turmoil of the mid-to-late 19th century – are especially popular. The Confucian-rite Church moves its headquarters from Guangzhou to Tianjin. The Prime Minister agrees to dismantle the city's military fortresses and garrisons and reassemble them in neighboring Beijing, in recognition of the city's important religious heritage. This move receives public praise. With the end of the Sino–Burgundian conflict, civil administration resumes in the Papua Territory. The population is estimated to be currently at approximately five million people, of which one-half are ethnic Chinese or Korean. A majority of the population remains farmers, however. To satisfy a higher demand for agricultural products, many farmers clear vast tracts of forested land–amidst criticism from pro-aborigines rights activists and from autonomous tribal communities. To counter this, the Papuan Commission enacts the Papuan Separation Act, which designates the mountainous interior as "Native Reservations" and bars them from further Chinese or Korean settlement (with special exceptions). They are to be managed under the Office of Native Affairs.
    • Tibet: Civic buildings are constructed in the capital of Lhasa, which has 450,000 residents as of 1922 estimates. The majority of the population has now become urbanized or live in centralized village communities. The little available arable land is intensively cultivated, with heavy usage of machinery and fertilizers to maximize productivity. However, Tibet begins to increasingly rely on imports from neighboring Sichuan to ensure food security.
    • Altishahria: The Altishahr Gas Company continues the construction of gas extraction facilities around Aksu, exporting it to China–Korea. Aksu is now home to approximately 225,000 residents. In addition to fossil fuels, precious gems and cash crops are also exported. There is also a ranching boom, with land being converted into pastures or enclosures for livestock (mainly sheep). Processing facilities are established in major cities as preparation for further processing in China–Korea's textile mills. Korla remains Altishahria's largest city and its capital due to continuous migration and its position as a major break-of-bulk point.
    • Dzungaria: In order to facilitate economic development, immigration to cities is encouraged by the Dzungar government. The Dzungar Oil Company continues to increase the scale of their oil-extraction operations, constructing more oil mines and oil refineries. In addition for supplying energy to much of northwest China, the company also provides many industrial chemicals via distillation.
    • Dai Viet: Martial law is lifted. The northernmost Cham province – due to its Vietnamese plurality – is incorporated into Dai Viet. Commercial aquaculture and pisciculture, as well as large-scale cultivation of cash crops (mainly tea and rubber) on plantations, continues.
    • Occupied Indochina: A five-year provisional government is established over Lan Xang, Cambodia, and Champa. Immediately, intensive relief efforts commence, in order to alleviate the suffering of the Indochinese peoples. Surplus grain and pre-packaged foods are given generously. With the infrastructure and economy in shatters, the Indochinese Economic Board is established to facilitate economic recovery and development. Due to a perceived "betrayal" of the Cham people, the Cham monarchy is overthrown and the Cham Nationalist Front (CNF) pushes for the establishment of a republican government under Sino–Korean protection. In order to retain their status, the Laotian and Cambodian monarchs agree to relinquish their power though will retain their figurehead role and the right to exercise actions associated with the royal prerogative.
  • Magadh: A GIOCPS conference is held in Hemgarh to discuss the economic crisis. The Uluruan soldiers and Magadhi soldiers in Kashmir (100,000 Uluruan and 50,000 Magadhi soldiers) are reorganised into a joint command which also includes the Royalist Kashmiri soldiers and a campaign is started to reestablish order in the rest of the nation. Prominent members of the Council lend their support to the Indian nationalists. Gandhi ji starts campaigning for the non-violent unification of Indian states in South Asia. The police move in swiftly to disperse the rioters though communal violence is quite low as compared to Dravidia. Professionals continue to immigrate into Magadh as communal violence remains confined to the inner rural areas. The Hindustan Ekeekaran Morcha (Front for the Unification of Hindustan) holds various rallies and conferences in the cities calling for unification and emphasising an Indian identity. The canal systems of pre-colonial times begin to be upgraded. As the world economy starts to recover, external demand picks up. However, a lot of the resources are now being diverted to the domestic industries which have begun to expand slowly. A Central Bank (Reserve Bank of Magadh) is established and the country begins to move away from the Gold standard. The Global economic depression sent a severe shock to the agricultural sector due to which a large number of people switched over to food crops and started to migrate to the cities. Magadh is still not a food surplus nation. Fertilizers are presently being imported but the government sanctions setting up of fertilizer industries and subsidies are given to the farmers for procurement of fertilizers. Because of a lower population than OTL and higher urbanisation, farm sizes are larger than OTL. A number of banks open up with government approval and are regulated by the Central Bank. With Burgundian help, the docks and naval bases are being constructed and the Magadhi Navy is now armed with four armoured cruisers, 16 light cruisers, 46 destroyers and 12 submarines (Total: 78 ships). A large number of Buddhist and Hindu migrants have started emigrating from war torn South East Asia and East Asia and are assimilated into the urban culture setting up chawls with the people migrating from the rural areas, being contracted to work in the industries. Urbanisation increases as well. Another military industrial complex is being set up in Munger with the Asansol-Raniganj complex nearing completion. Many textile factories and machine tools industries are being set up in the coastal areas. Growth remains slow but domestic consumption begins to pick up. The Indian School of Mines is established in Dhanbad. 
  • Kingdom of Arabia: The nation slowly starts to make progress toward ending the recession, with more companies picking up demand in an opening market. Unemployment significantly decreases, not primarily due to economic recovery, but due to the new employment of veterans in Egypt. The previous efforts toward economic recovery continues, which have just begun to show some progress. Exploitation of raw resources to fuel to the fully industrialized state continues. Comic book companies contiue to be popular, with Moomtez Comics leading the way. Silent films continue to be popular as well, with experimenting now adding color. In order to prevent any further unintentional involvement, the Shay Al-Nass implements stricter policies for the pensions of retired veterans, as an attempt to prevent them from leaving the country. Secretly, military advisors are sent into Egypt to help the military already involved, organizing them to seize control of the Suez Canal, where they have a numeric advantage. Military hardware and supplies continue to be sent to the winning faction in Egypt End secretThe Caliph is invited to be taken safely out of Egypt, to avoid being caught in crossfire, and granted asylum in Jerusalem. There, the Caliph and the Minister of State work to hash out an accord to end the conflict in the region. It is the intention of the Shay Al-Nass to: 1) recognize the legitimate government, 2) withdraw both Belkan and Arab forces from the region, 3) remove Belkan involvement in Egyptian lives and economy, and 4) install a more permenant Belkan military outpost in Suez (mod reponse). Arab naval forces are stationed on either side of the Suez, not as a blockade, and instructed not to engage in the war, but are merely there as defensive measure to ensure that Arab citizens are not harmed. More Arabs settle outside the country seeking more economic opportunity, with a total settlement of 1.4 million Arabs settled on the eastern side of the Zaragos Mountains. Several hundred thousand Arabs further migrate into Belkan Maghreb, where many are known relatives and friends of Arabs settled there in previous years.
    • Belkan Dip: All Arab immigrants are fully turned away and further immigration of Arabs into Belkan colonies, mainland or elsewhere are prohibited wholesale.
  • FS of Arcadia: Paul Smith officially gets appointed into Lyev's cabinet as Secretary of the Press, even when Paul is a sociologist. Due to internal pressure President Lyev has to end the requirement for the military to join Faust der Ordnung Party. Lyev even makes it so annyone who doesn't request to stay is dismissed as member of this party. Now that the Faust der Ordnung isn't anymore army required as much of 90% of the army leave the FDO party. The Congress of Culoden religion has decided over a few of the topics that were in need to be solved - first of the issues to be decided on was which language they would use and it has been decided on Middle old Church Iberian (Portuguese). The other issue that has been decided is what dignity standards priests have to abide by. It has been decided that a Culoden priest can have a family if they have official union. Priests cannot be drunk and being drunk will end in excommunication. Priests also are allowed to wear modern day clothing when not on official duty. With the question of dignity, the question arose if women could be priests as well or not. It has been decided that they cannot be priests but can be an Aat protector of a Certain God. On the political note of the Congress, it has been decided that priests can't join the military in any case. The priests are allowed to bless soldiers of the faith and members of the Fully Culoden Esquillo party. This Esquillo party openly approves of the recent Congress of the Culoden faith and they openly Bless it - gloria oa Mzerçia. Due to Esquillo aid many believers get part of their money from the Esquillo Welfare program. This system requires everyone to give 5% of their income to the program. In return, they get foodstamps and other stamps so called favour stamps and labour stamps where you can for some work get foodstamps. Even though this sounds like a currency these stamps only work in locations of the Welfare program.
  • Belkan Federation: The situation in Egypt spiraling out of control further and the potential threat to a trade artery that once encompassed nearly 40% of all Belkan trade specifically with Belka's primary trade partner of China. The expansion of the money supply while beneficial is somewhat detracted by the fact that the Belkan forces in Egypt in support of the junta expands to nearly 400,000 troops matching their Ethiopian counterparts as the Belkan army on the Suez Canal now numbering nearly 300,000 and the 100,000 strong previous garrison force beginning to conduct heavy counter-insurgency operations. The garrison is noted to have a serious complement of shock troops from the Great war and the insurgency is heavily combatted. Insurgents are targeted heavily. The Belkan forces encircle entire cities and with help from their allied Egyptians bring force civilians back into their homes and enforce curfews on the populace at gunpoint. Insurgent cells are targeted and the presence of modern weapons notably Arabian guns brings the Belkan High Command to a decision that the Suez Squadron will be used to prevent further crossings on the Red Sea or the border by veterans and seize any equipment brought across. The Suez squadron consisting of six super dreadnoughts five battlecruisers, six heavy cruisers, five light cruisers, and nearly 55 destoyers begins to heavily patrol the Red Sea and the mouth of the Suez effectively keeping the Arabian ships there on a tight leash and unable to operate effectively in the presence of a much larger Belkan naval force. The further targeting of Insurgent groups are highly effective as well compensated sleepers, and Egyptians in support of the junta and in favor of the economic propserity greater integration within the Belkan network will entail infiltrate cells and unveil locations of weapons caches and several headquarters. The Shock troops essentially show no mercy to those proven to be insurgents and ironically many are brought to the junta who are advised specifically that the laws for treason in Belka are death. Inspired by this the junta's troops specifically begin executing resistance leaders and in a gracious act offer rewards such as pardons by those who give up their resistance cells. While many of the people remain against the junta and the Belkan forces more and more begin to support them as coincidentally enough a semblance of peace, access to food, and even now work brings many Egyptians to the table as something like the Internal development committee in Belka is repeated in Egypt effectively giving the out-of-work people a wage, and a way to support their families. In the South the Ethiopians undergo a highly effective counter-insurgency campaign fueled by their own veterans from the Great war as well as their familiarity with mountain and desert terrain which allows them to secure effective control of the lightly populated southern region extremely quickly. By the end of the year the mass civil disturbances while definitely having been an issue are quelled as the Belkan forces use tear gas, riot control tactics and highly effective arrest policies to detain the main ringleaders when found and captured while control of the borders and most majors cities is true the Belko-Ethiopian forces converge on many of the major cells targeting the Suez and in flash strikes hit their forces all across the board where found killing thousands and even taking a high ranking resistance leader captive. The discovery of Arabian supplies and arms in Egypt sparks outrage from Belkan congressmen and the Vozhd who demand Arabia refrain from sending any more supplies and aid to the rebels or face serious consequences. Economically speaking the Belkan nation has begun to see fruits of its labor in Africa as many who have left for the colonies to develop legitimate consumer economies and drive up productivity of the mostly untapped African states has led to the Belkan industrial sector picking up moderately. Ironically as a result of the expansionary monetary policy and the full removal of the gold standard and the printing of money, the Belkan unemployment rate falls significantly as nearly 200,000 Volunterrs for the military (knowing that it is a steady paycheck and the men are well looked after) and the reopening of military related factories has brought the unemployment rate down to roughly 18% and slowly lowering. The spending while in debt becomes manageable as the assumption of Burma and Manila of much of Belkas failing trade in the West has taken up their own growth in the East with the colonies having escaped the depressions worst problems due to their own fiscal conservatism and their relatively moderate industrial footprint. Acting as commonwealths (and seeing major stake in their own future in investing into Belkan resurgent industry) offer a series of loans to float the Belkan state and effectively get certain heavy industries they require to expand their own industrial base up and running. Being aparty to China nearby and in their ability to trade through the Sino-Belkan trade agreement, the two asian commonwealths see positive growth in comparison to many of the other economies in the region having suffered little losses in the war and nothing but industrial improvement during as well. Seeing the Belkan movement to do the same to the African colonies what was done to them they also require for the loans a certain amount of investment put back into their own economies within seven years in order for the loans to not be considered void and hence collected. While in the short term bad for both commonwealths, the two in a meeting with Belkan colonial advisors all agree the long term benefits are immense as both can produce goods for local markets as well as gaining viable export markets to the Belkan colonies and commonwealth system. The Same situation is repeated in Ethiopia which agrees to give Belka a loan for much the same agreement. The influx of much needed capital allows the recovery of not only the currency to a degree but also the beginning of the reopening of much heavy industry across the country as the influx of capital, as well as orders places by the three commonwealth states of Ethiopia, Burma, and Manila effectively giving the nation a much needed reprieve from some of its troubles and even bridging the the unemployment issues effectively over the next few years. The inclusion of richer tribal leaders into how their societies become more modern and the effective investment from richer African princelings who run their parts of Africa-like small kingdoms (with much prodding by colonial authorities) begin opening up a large consumer market in Africa as their own borders open to industry from Belka. The subsequent purchases of industry and consumer goods further open Belkan factories and drive home the plausibility of the current spending program. The ostensible influx of Arabian settlers in Maghreb is met by the Government in Belgrad with hostility as many of the Maghrebis worked for their citizenship beforehand in the country and a quick council of the Soviet of the Maghreb leads to the outright banning of further immigration from anywhere but other Maghrebi states and Belka itself. Thousands of Arabians this year are escorted out of the state as Belkan naval ships prevent further immigrants from anywhere but Belka entering this year.
  • United States of Germany: The regulations put in place by the German government and the slow recovery around the world had helped pushed unemployment down from a peak of 23% to 17%. Full recovery is projected by the beginning of 1925 with less than 6% unemployment. This year, emigration had significantly decreased, only 350,000 Germans left the mainland for abroad than one million last year. The German government sends sympathy for the rebels and show support for their independence. However, they do not want to go into a conflict with their neighbor as of this time due to the current state of the world. As such, Germany would agree to negotiate on the Germans in Transrhinia’s (I think Saarland, Transrhenia, or OTL Cisrhenia would look or sound better in this) behalf. There has been enough deaths, it’s the time to recover, especially at this day and age. Improvements have been made to the current German tank designs for more efficient and less expensive processes. Excess metal was removed to make the tank lighter and instead use it to make mounted rotatable turrets. It has been made to somewhat resemble the mechanism and design of the Iberian (or Cádiz) Herrero-Fontes Caballería Mk. 1 (Renault FT) used in the Great War but with a few key differences. Engines were modeled after the DMG (Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft) and treads were similar from half-tracks produced by the same company (but modified for the tank, such as being thicker). Technocrats and Utilitarian ideologies in Germany had formed their own parties by now, competing with the current establishment for the 1922 election. (More may be added later)
  • France: With the war over, reconstruction begins, as well as demilitarization. Some small but influential women's rights movements are successful in giving woman the right to vote. A small sport, known as Futbol de Grillefer (OTL Gridiron Football), begins picking up traction among various schools and educational systems. The territories annexed from the war begin seeing general incorporation. The recently acquired territory of Dutch West Africa begins being incorporated into the French West African state. Siam begins seeing proper return to agricultural prosperity. A better version of the radio is created for government use, helping to replace elongated communication lines.
  • Kingdom of Burgundy: On March 29, dissatisfied with the government response to the economic crisis, protests in several Rhenish provinces turn into demands for separation from Burgundy. As cities such as Koblenz, Mainz, and Aachen had held Royal Army bases, surplus weaponry such as large numbers of M98/05 bolt action rifles, and M1897 shotguns. Several areas within the West Bank remain loyal to Burgundy, however, namely the upper Rhine provinces of Basel, Aargau, and Sundgau, the province of Tréier, and the city of Bonn, the latter of which comes under siege by the separatists. In response, the States-General unanimously declares a national emergency. The Army sends out an offer to unemployed Great War veterans to be reinstated in their old ranks and pay. As a result, the army grows to 500,000 troops. Many veterans, however, not trusting the governments ability to pay the troops, form paramilitary units generally called Fräibande (“free bands [corps]”). These units, numbering around 120,000, purchase modern firearms from the army to put them on par with the rebels. The rebellion becomes a rallying purpose for the general populace, who are more often than not have been looking for something the focus their anger and resentment. The Benz Motor Company is granted a contract to build a locally built copy of the Iberian Caballéria MK 1, designated the Liicht Panzerlandschëff I, reverse engineered from specimens captured in the Great War. The Fokker and Junkers aircraft companies, which had been adapting for civilian production, begin restarting their military aircraft assembly lines, with a focus on cheaper light bombers. The army, supported by the Fräibande, is deployed along the frontier with the rebellious West Bank. The campaign to reclaim the rebelling territory, named Operation Feniks begins in late July. The reorganized army is much more mobile than its pre-war counterpart, and the proliferation of radio allows a greater deal of coordination than was possible during the war. Aachen is reclaimed after a two-week battle, and the rest of the army attacks two prongs, one going north from Elsass, and the other heading south from Gelderland. The battle of Kleve sees the Burgundian regular army, spearheaded by tanks and the reformed assault divisions (many of whom are veterans of the Guyanese civil war and the bitter fighting of the Great Wars closing years), break through the rebels’ defenses, with a similar story in the south with the hard-fought battles of Landau and Neustadt. By the end of the year, the province of Kleff, and most of the provinces of Gülich and Zweebrúcken have been reclaimed, Bonn remains held by Rhenish loyalists but under siege, diverting rebel manpower away from the Burgundian regular army offensives. The early Burgundian victories also exposes rifts within the rebels’ ranks, largely decentralized and lacking an organized and unified strategy, with some factions wanting greater autonomy, some wanting total independence for their province, and others seeking union with Germany. Burgundian military intelligence believes infighting is taking place among the rebels, possibly so far as sabotaging each other, after intercepting radio communications from the pro-autonomy faction (concentrated in Gülich province) requesting reinforcements and supplies prior to the fall of Aachen but were hung out to dry by the other two factions. With the global economy stabilizing, trade begins to climb in Burgundy for the first time since before the Great War. Merchant companies, before having no reason to order new ships, begging placing new orders for ships in private and Royal shipyards. This, however, causes a bottleneck in the steel industry, which have lost access to a number of coal mines in Picardy, and for the time are cut off from the coal mines in the West Bank, and are in the process of turning to imported coal from trading partners and the dominions and protectorates. While this prevents shipbuilding on the scale many would like to see Burgundy return to, the increase in orders does help with reducing unemployment. Meanwhile, Burgundian engineers, on commission from the government, begin looking at possibly closing off the Zuiderzee, turning it into a large freshwater lake, as well as upgrading the canal network, as possible public work projects once the revolt is put down. The finances are still strained, especially with the onset of the Rhenish revolt, but examination of the situation indicates modest improvement has been made after last year's collapse.
    • German Dip: We would like to propose a deal for the last few years. You release or exchange Transrhinia (the name is still weird to me). I'll allow you to have access to the region similarly to the deal with Indochina for a while - so you won't lose any significant resources from the region, and you won't have to deal with the rebellion and lose resources trying to put it down (which I have a feeling the mods will make the effects of the rebellion be troubling for the next few years, which may stunt your progress by a bit). Seeing as you are also having a bit of trouble with economics lately, we'll help pay for whatever projects you have for the next three to five years (once we are able to have funds available). There has been enough death, especially of those with our blood.
  • Borealia: 1922 becomes a major year in sports for the nation of Borealia, helping to unite the nation and ease tensions caused by the Great Depression. In 1922 the first edition of the Arcadian Games in Laurentia is held, taking place in Saint-Denis, Brésil. Later in the year the first Winter Olympic Games take place in Switzerland. Lastly, the Burgundian Games are held in Lelystad, Borealia, with the nation performing well in all fronts. A "World Series" is also organized for baseball internationally, taking place in the nation this year. Forceful deportation of people from the nation is more or less halted, although by this time it is not deemed important regardless. The "Northeast Corridor", which had already existed to Wilmington before the war, and was extended into Savannah for military purposes during it, opens to the public in the new state created in the far south. Plans are made for a new city in the region to serve as a modern metropolis, similar to the utopian project. The area's population swells with settlers seeking employment, due to many jobs existing in the occupied territory during the war. As such the urban development project is seen as a way to settle this new population, although funding is low at the moment.
  • Imperial Swahili Federation: Agricultural productivity continues to rise with the introduction of industrial fertilizers, prompting a boost in population. The economy slowly recovers as unemployment is reduced. Construction of infrastructure begins in the new territories following improvements in government finances Several major corporations were able to turn a profit this year, and the Federal and States government slowly reinstitute some minor social programs. However, the economic activity continues to be quite low. Manga, Cinema and Radio continues to grow in popularity, with the city of Kilwa slowly growing prominence as a film site due to state policies and the birth of several directors, actors and actresses in the area, although consumption of radio sets are still low due to the price.
    • Swahili Diplomacy to Iberia: The Mogadishu Madrassah wishes to cooperate with Iberia on the study of arid ecology and agriculture.
    • The Union Agrees.
  • Baltic Federation: Relatively tough economic times continue, but the promise of the Germans to protect the freedom of navigation in the Baltic Sea eases much of the burden on the fledgling nation. Institutions continue to be established by the Federation, with Federation President Pavils Jansons supporting anti-Russian sentiments throughout the population. We continue the regular drilling of men subject to the draft. This increased athleticism is reflected by the good showing at the first Winter Olympics. Support for the Popular Front for the Liberation of Baltica continues unabated, due to the existential crisis felt by the Russian threat to the East.
  • Empire of Uluru: Trade with our fellow GIOCPS members continues to increase this year, and injects a fair amount of money into the Ulurun economy. Our policies from last year are largely successful and Uluru begins to experience its first economic growth since the beginning of the recession and the unemployment rate comes back down to 13.7% while the government budget begins to increase again due to the cuts to certain sectors. The infrastructure projects continue this year, although significantly slowed down, and literacy is encouraged as much as possible. To encourage immigration we begin a PR campaign to oppose the dark image the genocide left and appoint Baibhav Achaval and Rudie Bouwman (both recent descendants of immigrants, specifically and Indian and a Burgundian) to the posts of the head of the Department of Agriculture and the Department for Civil Rights, respectively. That latter category was specifically created this year so that the various minority groups in the country have a voice on the emperor's council, although obviously there are vast differences between the different minority groups. This is just a first step hoped to give them a visible voice at the top of the government and to show that we are doing our best to promote equality in Uluru, despite the dark events of the 1916 through 1920 genocide. These events are highly publicised and made prominent as much as possible in government sponsored or owned media and we also do our best to highlight the many existing immigrant communities that are treated very well (such as the Indian community which has over one million members in Uluru who have never been persecuted and the recently growing community of Japanese refuges, most of whom have been warmly welcomed into the country and many more of whom have arrived since we first started accepting them in 1917) and others already in high positions such as Ryunnosuke Kuto, a highly placed professor of physics at the University of Ngarindijeri or Pierre Heroux, the CEO of a rich Ulurun oil company in the Mpantwe who is descended from French immigrants (a small but far from nonexistent community). Many of the Muslims of Uluru, motivated by the struggle of fellow Muslims in Egypt despite the many doctrine differences and sympathetic to those resisting European imperialism after our own war against Britain decide to form volunteer divisions and go aid the resistance in Egypt. This is not encouraged or condemned by the government, but many do so regardless. Although the government allows this, those in government positions or the army/navy are required to resign before they do so. A surprising number of them do so, including General Nkina (a devout Muslim), and over 150,000 volunteers, many of whom are veterans of the Ulurun war for Independence and they head to Egypt - although they must find their own means of transportation to do so. We also send 20 athletes to compete in the 1922 Olympics. The Tasmanian War continues this year, with the rebels seizing even more central Tasmanian territory and beging to consolidate their gains as several major resistance movments come together, declaring themselves the Palawa Peoples Front and demanding independence. This is, obviously, denied and the fighting continues, with the rebels gains being stopped near the end of the year and we begin preparing a major counteroffensive now that the rebels are concentrated in one area.

1923

The Global economy finally reaches stability. However, with investment still tight, trade depressed, and unemployment at 15.3% on average there is still much distance to travel before an end to the depression is even near.

The United Kingdom, having been stripped of its colonies, wracked with debt, and ruined by the depression, faces a new challenge. During the late winter of 1922, coal unions went on strike and the nation shut down. With the New Year repeated attempts to form a government fail and by May of 1923 the situation is desperate. In an effort to save the nation, King Richard VI, with the backing of the First Lord of the Admiralty, Leonard Spencer-Churchill, and the other branches of the armed forces, orders the dissolution of parliament. He swiftly consolidates his rule by breaking up the syndicalist movements amongst the coal miners and rebuilding the economy.

The War in Egypt continues and despite the gains of last year the rebels suffer several defeats and morale drops. Despite support from Arabia, lack of materiel and experience cause many resistance cells to either give up and evaporate or simply to be unable to stage successful attacks. The Arabian veterans, unable to make it to Egypt, are only able to offer limited assistance.

Corporate trust in the GIOCPS sphere by European investment firms wanes after a meeting of prominent industrialists with interests in the region. The recent anti-European policies of these nations have endangered European workers and prove a potential security risk. Because of this, several large investment and heavy machinery firms withdraw from development contracts with Arabia, Uluru, and Swahili.

In Laurentia, the economic situation enters a new phase of depression. Instability in the north and a limited response to the crisis by the Brésilian and Guyanan authorities sees a second wave of collapse. This slide causes unemployment to hit 19.7% once more in Brésil, and throws many industries into disarray as already weakened businesses cannot survive the second hit. The economic collapse also hit the Iberian colonies in the Caribbean, Kuba, and British Haiti with significant ferocity. The Federated States of Arcadia is also greatly impacted but is partially insulated by its distance.

The Aztláni Government is deposed in a coup d'etat by Fascist groups in government. Diretor Luisinho Pimentel rapidly secures his position by imprisoning dissent and implementing radical economic reform. The oil industry, now the second largest in the world, is nationalized and profits used to pay off national debts. Public works programs restore faith in the government and the economy grows by 3% in under a year.

  • I officially appeal this issue, especially because I had exams and couldn't post. However, if the moderators deem it to be so, I will continue to post as a fascist state or an exiled government. Please make clear which. ~Hdjensofjfnen (Aztlán) [MOD RESPONSE]

Front for the Unification of Hindustan, now the Front for the Unification of the Indian Peoples, takes many local elections across several of the Indian nations. Support for the movement is high, and many call for the deportation of Muslims, Christians, Jews, and other non-Indian faiths.

  • Magadh: Magadh continues to industrialize. Industrial growth increases further and exports increase, However, a smaller amount of raw material is being exported. Most of the produced goods are used up in the domestic economy. Design bureaus are set up in the Navy and the Army. The Navy consists of four armoured cruisers displacing 12,000 tons each (48 kt). The construction of a large 25,000-ton battleship, the MNS Bimbisara, which will act as the flagship of the navy is started in the newly constructed Hemgarh dockyards. The Bimbisara will carry 14" guns. The light cruiser force consists of 12 ships (each displacing 8000 tons armed with 4" guns). Magadh also purchased 12 submarines (600 tons each) from Burgundy. These ships are closely studied by the Magadhi naval engineers and they begin to make designs for the indigenous production of two 9000 ton cruisers. This brings up the entire force to a total of 78 ships plus numerous auxiliary vessels. The navy is subdivided into two battle groups and a coastal defence group. The expansion of dockyards with Burgundian help continues in Paradwip, Hemgarh and Chittagong. The emigration of professionals from the West continues because of the economic depression. Study groups are organized by the government and private enterprises and are sent for training to the Western nations. An import substitution policy is adopted and this policy calls for massive industrialization. Plans are being made. Anti-Christian sentiment is non-existent in Magadh. However, small Hindu-Muslim riots continue to occur in the rural areas and all efforts are made to contain them. The urban areas remain peaceful. However, many Muslims begin to pack up and move with entire villages immigrating to Afghanistan, Swahili, Arabia, Maghreb and Iran, most of them moving to the inner uninhabited areas of Swahili where there are Indian Muslim communities set up by the Sepoys who went to Swahili under the British. No amount of reassurance by the politicians is able to stop them from leaving while some others are happy to see them leave. People from the West continue to migrate into the nation, most of them unemployed workers and professionals who help in setting up and running the factories. Immigration from Southeast Asia continues, especially from Burgundian colonies, mainly Buddhists (true Indian faith thing) and Hindus. The Asansol-Raniganj complex is completed.
    • You do not have the technical expertise to construct your own battleship. -Feud
      • Nor the dockyard capacity. -Steph
      • He could use QF 6-pounder Hotchkiss guns. I think a smaller ship like USS Isla de Cuba (1886) would be better. User:Todetode :. ~ Under the Hood, Connect to Basic information? ~ Todetode (talk).
      • Nautical industrial capacity issues?Katie P Perry (talk) (talk)
        • Yeah, okay. I did buy 12 cruisers from Burgundy, though - and four armoured cruisers.
      • Also, you might want to recheck the mod event and also redefine what Indian means in-game. Nate thinks this India does not include Dravidia and Bengal. Also, this mod event means civil war. Otherwise, it is ASB. It is difficult to ingrain anti-Abrahamic ideas in the minds of some 200 million-odd Hindus. If you think that is plausible, then what is implausible is the lack of major civil disturbance. Calls for deportation of Muslims and Christians would not go unanswered. There will be clashes which might (most likely) erupt into an all-out civil war engulfing all of India. (This is what I think). -Dev
        • I agree with Dev, the Muslims would riot since they don't like being persecuted. User:Todetode :. ~ Under the Hood, Connect to Basic information? ~ Todetode (talk). 17:42, October 29, 2018 (UTC)
          • OOC: No one likes being persecuted.
    • OOC: Can someone please change the color for independent British colonies in Africa? The color is extremely similar to Magadh's.
  • Kingdom of Arabia: Mass media continues to rise, with radio and cinematic dramas increasingly popular. Comic book companies led by Moomtez comics continue to be popular, and this year extend to be exported in other countries. The economy begins making large improvements this year toward recovery, but still has a long way to go. Unemployment drops considerably, and industry begins to pick up steam with new companies opening the markets. In order to further stabilize the economy internally, the Sultan orders that all the gold reserves across the country under state control are centralized into a single bank, Fort Mahdi, stationed outside of Aleppo. This federal bank will be used henceforth to stabilize currency by buying or selling gold. Seeing the lack of European investment in GIOCPS, the Ministry of State pushes forward several new programs to increase more positive friendly relations with Europe, showing those companies how much more wealth and prestige is gained by investing in the eastern hemisphere. Burgundy Culture centers in Mesopotamia converted into French cultural centers, and both French language and French history are promoted in universities in Mesopotamia. Iberian cultural centers existing in Palestine are increased, educating on Iberian history and their culture tied with Magrheb. Both these branches of cultural centers reach out in conjunction with the center of European Orientalism in Zurich, as well as the second center of Orientalism in Zaghreb, for the mutual growth of Arab and European cultural exchange. Muslims in India are aided to move safely from persecution to the nearby nations of Bengal and Dravada. Policies in Egypt continue as before (see previous turn). We publicly deny any involvement in the war in Egypt, and point out that the weapons found by Belka were originally manufactured in Iberia, Germany, and Belka itself, and therefore cannot be linked to our government. Secretly, the previous policies of preventing further veteran migration is not highly enforced, and many more continue to slip through. The navy existing in the Red Sea is used to maintain supply lines via ships. Due to Belka being vastly overextended, the Shay Al-Nass is betting their economy cannot support the war much longer. End secret. Many Arabs continue to migrate to Belkan Maghreb illegally, primarily due to being reunited with their families settled there already. Arabia makes no effort to curb these actions, seeing the outward migration of Arabs is overall beneficial to the struggling economy.
    • OOC Dev: Just so you know, the anti-Muslim sentiment affects India, i.e., Bengal as well as Dravidia.
  • Kashmir: The occupying Uluru and Magadh forces have stabilized the situation and reduced the civil war to a regional insurgency. Furniture, cherry and wool production start to grow slightly. The economy collapses suddenly and riots occur in the cities, but villages and towns stay quiet for the time being. We peg our currency to the Magadh currency.
    • Magadhi Dip: 25,000 Magadhi troops continue to remain in Kashmir and it is requested that the government allow Magadh to permanently station them in Kashmir. The rest of the Uluruan and Magadhi forces are called back, the joint command is dissolved.
      • Kashmir Dip: OK.
  • Belkan Federation: The Belkan army continues to advance in defiance of all expectations economic and strategically. The evaporation of resistance cells across the country are noted and in tandem with allied Egyptians, Ethiopian, and Belkan Federal forces every city in the country has been pacified and fully secured and the works program is implemented nationwide by the Junta government alongside the advisory of the Belkan Federation. The coalition forces are able to begin major offensives diplomatically, socially, and militarily and even manage to cut costs heavily as the insurgency begins to collapse in on itself and hence drive down the costs of the occupation. being able to use existing Egyptian bases and outposts throughout the country helps significantly as does the support of the Ethiopians in the south who have lent their own support for the northern effort now. Funny enough the brutality of the Ethiopians in regards to handling insurgents becomes notorious as taking a lesson from their overlords history they impart a massive psycological impact effectively making it more attractive to turn oneself in and sell out to preserve ones safety than it would be to continue. Insurgents who remain resolutely committed that are caught are impaled or executed brutally. Horrors of falling into hands of the Ethiopians prompts many to turn back to their simple lives before, refrain from embarking on attacks, or simply turning oneself over to the ironically much more level-headed Belkan troops. It is expected at the current rate the Belkan mission will have pacified Egypt by 1925. The return in investment from the feedback loop started in colonies as well as incentives for richer African natives, aristocrats in the homeland, and the loans brought in from the three Belkan commonwealths has effectively saved the Belkan nation and the economy shows much improvement. The Unemployment rate looks to be well on the average standing at 15% flat out and many more people being able to find work and continue rebuilding their lives from the collapse. Various legislations are implemented to mitigate future effects of such a recession/depression as well as bank insurance laws guaranteeing a certain amount of funds in the bank, further government spending to get industries further started up, and with the possibility of avoiding another arms race, the Belkan fleet from the war officially undergoes a massive downsizing from its nearly 510 ships to capping itself at nearly 220 ships and in accordance with the Malta naval treaty older dreadnoughts begin to be phased out and a huge industry builds around scrapping ships from the war, albeit it temporary it provides much needed work as ships are brought in to be stripped and their equipment, steel, and materials used for other projects or repurposed. The further restarting of much domestic industry and the ability now to fund the efforts of growing colonial economies as well as turning to reinvest into Burma and Manila directly the next year after their loan as well as Ethiopia indeed while still low on the growth side does gives a much needed internal trade boost putting more people back to work in the shipping industries as Zaire, Ethiopia, Kanem and Maghreb all seeing notable industrial growth as well as the development of much larger and accessable consumer markets which effectively gives Belkan light industry a break as the availability of new populations able to purchase goods from Belkan manufacturers due to influx of more money into their domestic households resulting in disposable incomes which can in turn be used for consumer goods. The contracts offered up to heavy industry make their own impact as many colonial economies begin to specialize into niches and import heavy industrial tech in relation to their specialization. Zaire begins producing rubber in a cleaner and much more industrial scale as well as with the discovery of its immense mineral wealth and even gold and copper it begins developing many of these extensively. Kanem being large sees its own industry but the discovery of oil gold and other mineral wealths give the colony its own effective purchasing power as it develops allowing it to begin heavy purchases of equipment to develop its own industry based around its mineral wealth including its own consumer goods industry partially to give the colony more purchasing power for more lucrative goods from Belka proper. The asian colonies begin seeing their own slight recession from their involvement in the loan program to Belka but it is not drastically disastrous and projected increases in the next few years following the return investments from the loan deal will make both countries stronger. Hong Kong is officially renamed to Port Durestov as the population of the city sees a massive influx of immigrants from Belka proper and inflate the cities numbers significantly. Interestingly enough Hong Kong has been one of the only profitable cities in the region due to its sophisticated policy and economics and has managed to transition into providing industrial goods as well inviting tens of thousands of Chinese and even Belkan workers seeking to make a mixed middle-class for the city. In Magreb illegal immigration is discovered and with Arabia taking no steps to mitigate the situation tens of thousands of Arabians are shafted into internment camps as illegal refugees. Belkan authorities begin to turn them back but a riot breaks out as thousands of Arabians living in maghreb unhappy with this riot over this even with the immigration being considered illegal. Maghrebi natives and Belkan immigrants and the large population of Belkans born overseas are angry and rather than the military taking action massive street fights break out which at the end of the day leave 50 dead - most of them Arabians not armed the same way some of the Belkan "Cheren Krak" or Blackfeet, Europeans born in the Maghrebi region and the vast majority of the Maghrebis (all of whom are citizens) see their position threatened by the Arabian immigrants which have caused the building of slums, taking jobs from those who live there and overall disrupting the lives of those living there demand something be done. The Supreme Soviet addressed the issue by naming the Arabian Exclusion Act which prohibits Arabians from immigrating and settling in any Belkan colony or the home states. It does, however, give citizenship to those who came legally but effectively forces the deportation of nearly 40,000 Arabians alone this year. The only black strike remaining is the arrival of a militant group of Arabian veterans numbering 2000 who force their way into port at Tunis Harbor only to be summarily slaughtered by a compliment of the Belkan marines and the local national guard after many port facilities were seized. All 2000 are killed as roughly one-half die in the fighting and the rest are made public examples of for their enforcement of the Exclusion Act. Information is spread heavily that illegal immigration to Belka will be met with absolute hostility and lethal force. As an order of distraction from a lot of the troubles of the country Rugy and especially the new sport of Football coming out of France have picked up significant steam with many major cities now hosting major teams acting as a lightning rod for all walks of life to enjoy themselves, and come together if only for a day to forget the problems plagueing them.
    • OOC Aztlán: I know that Belka is a strong country, but you can't just start up growth just two years after you fell into a massive depression. Even the United States took years to recover from its depression, presumably of similar magnitude[MOD RESPONSE]
    • I am not even close to recovery but everyone has definitely been doing a lot of work on economic fixing. Also, I still have high unemployment and I'm still spending a lot of money to keep my industry turning. -Feud
    • Magadhi Diplomacy: Magadh would like to establish formal diplomatic relations and set up embassies in Belgrad, Manila and Bagan (Burma). Some private companies are trying to obtain licenses for the manufacture of small arms.
  • Vinland: We begin expanding our air force and ask Borealia for help with it. Elections are held and Stefan Larsson is elected as the new Prime Minister.
  • FS of Arcadia: The Esquillo Welfare system gets nationalised and secularised. On the demand of Ludwig Wachter, transforms this religious welfare system to a national and secular welfare system. This system works by taking 5% of every man's income and then using the collected money to set up food banks so that the poor can have a meal. These meals mostly exist of watered-down soup with a small amount of vegetables and fruit in them and a piece of bread. The Kempisch Verbond Arkadië grows in number to a membership of 12,500 as they begin change their recruitment from a local minority party to a Dietsche Soldiersparty, their ideology being a form of Pacifist Communualism/Syndicalism. They begin to recruit members with their motto "veu Vriede veu den burger veu den comune". The SoldatenPolitik (Soldierspolitics) gets even more result with 180,000 soldiers emigrating from their home states to the states of Küstenland and Bergsorbien. This makes it so the population of these states double in only a couple of years. This strains the infrastructure of these states and to combat this a program has been introduced. This program is called Nationales Vernetzungs programm (NVP). This program gives the unemployed the job of making extra infrastructure and even some highways the government plans to build 100 miles of highway even though many call this number impossible. Phage therapy is also experimented with for first time, Edwin Herrod trying this method out for the first time on salmonellosis which is the main bacteria causing salmonella. The first attempt wasn't the most successful but it did create enough of a result to be worth studying more. Although the therapy can't kill the bacteria in this lesson, yet the effects, mostly defect of cramps and diarrhea. Some doctors even think about injecting this bacteriophage into chicken and cows so that the chance of salmonella is smaller. Some industrialists also question if this technology can be patented, most of the government believe that this power to heal the people is more important than the money that can be gained from it. The government also starts a new interest in the navy which is called "Neue Marine Initiative" (New navy initiative) where the military invest money to monitor new navies and to upgrade the existing navy. As part of this initiative the navy hires a small number of administrators to keep records of the navy. The Navy also offers to buy SMS Kinnigin Maria de Luisterrijke (SS-67) and SMS Kinnig Lodewijk de Konstant (SS-68) for the Federated States Navy with our offer being 95 million Arcadian Franks (3.5 million USD) from Burgundy. With this we do ask for training of the crew and the establishment of a new naval academy in Janstad, Nathielsburgden. The army reinsures the FSA claims on Fisher Island by landing three soldiers on each individual island. Some of the technocrat advisors in Lyevs cabinet begin to appoint sympathisers of technocracy in do the administration. Due to this almost 20% of the federated States cabinet is a technocrat or technocracy sympathiser. Although many of these sympathizer names aren't known their impact is still there on the federated States government. With the state with the most technocrats being Lucentium as it has a big industry that technocrats can improving. A new Minister of Agriculture is appointed with the Minister being an agricultural professor and scientist of Felden University. With Maurice Valluy being one of the most respected in this university as he has published more than 20 scientific papers on agriculture only, and another 15 papers on other subjects than agriculture. For the rest not much is known about this professor of the University of Felden.
    • Burgundian Dip: The sale is accepted, and Burgundy sends advisors to help train the Arcadian crews for the ships.
    • Magadhi Diplomacy: Magadh would like to establish formal diplomatic relations and set up an embassy.
  • Fonetenist State of New Granada: As the civil war continues the First Congress of the Fascist Internationale takes place in Quibdo, New Granada from the 6th to the 9th of March 1922. Many fascist movements and political parties attended at the Congress. During the Congress it was decided that an Executive Committee would be established with representatives of the most important sections and that other parties joining the Internationale would have their own representatives. The Congress also decided the Executive Committee would elect a triumvirate to run the daily affairs of the Internationale as Olavo Dantes, Luisinho Pimentel and Jacó Corte-Real are chosen to become part of the Triumvirate of the Internationale. With the success of the Founding Congress of the Fascist Internationale, Olavo Dantes orders a military offensive in Northern New Granada against the Veralista forces in April smashing through their line of defenses in the North allowing the Fontenista Troops in East Central New Granada to launch another offensive causing the Veralista Armies to collapse. As the Fontenista troops approach Bogotá, Ulisses Verala surprisingly resigns as the President of Interim Government as he quickly goes into exile in Borealia. This causes the Interim Government to collapse as they are unable to find a suitable leader with good military leadership as Fontenista Troops enter Bogotá in June 1922 leading to the dissolution of the Interim Government as their leaders as exiled from the nation. With the victory of the Fontenistas a new government is established, the Fontenist State of New Granada as Olavo Dantes is declared the Supreme Ruler of New Granada. Despite the civil war having ended, the Syndicalist Legion of Amazonia continues its guerrilla campaign in the Province of Amazonia as troops are deployed to the region to restore order. With victory achieved by the Fontenistas Olavo Dantes declares the beginning of the Reconstruction  Period as New Granada begins to recover from the civil war as people are hired to help rebuild the devastated cities of New Granada. In 1923 as the Reconstruction period continues a second wave of depression hits Laurentia (except New Granada) as unemployment rises once more in Brésil as economic collapse also hits the Caribbean. As a response to this Olavo Dantes declares that the Fontenist Government will welcome immigrants fleeing the Depression giving them free homes and a guaranteed employment as many he intends to get more workers to get hired in order to boost the reconstruction effort Dantes declaration becomes known as the Immigration Act of 1923. This leads to a big wave of immigration hitting New Granada as approximately 1.5 million people from the Caribbean and Brésil immigrate to New Granada surprising the Government though they manage to keep their promise encouraging more unemployed people from Laurentia to move to New Granada. In Late 1923, Olavo Dantes declares that the Laurentian Stock Exchange would resume its activities as it had been shut down during the civil war. Resulting in the economy of New Granada to begin recovering from the civil war. With the civil war over, Olavo Dantes orders the construction of monuments dedicated to the soldiers that fought for New Granada during the Great War and the Civil War as 14 of June is would be known as Fontenista Day, a national holiday centred on the day when Olavo Dantes and the Fontenistas entered Bogotá in 1922.
  • Poland: We invade Russia with our army of 900,000 men. We request our Intermarium allies support us. Pro-Belkan politicians request our glorious ally, Belka to assist us in this invasion, and cite helping Belka as a reason to invade Russia. Troops pour into the Ukraine, and attempts are made to create a Ukraine Liberation Army. Also infrastructure in Russia is destroyed. President-General Andrzej Duda declares Poland will find its rightful place in the sun. A Ukrainian regional authority is put in place, and Ukrainians are accepted into the Intermarium.
    • Germany Dip: Are you being suicidal? It is not a great time to be invading anybody bigger than you are. We may not help you this time.
  • Free Alaskan Republic: With the economy stagnating and exports on an all-time low, President Dzhugashvili orders to radically restructure the economy of Alaska. One step is the state doctrine of "Alaskan Laocracy", which implements the communal ownership of economic instances and a more progress-oriented but authoritarian government. The word laocracy comes from the old greek term Laos which means commoners. Thus a commoners government is installed. The Berman oil fields are now called to stop their production, until the extraction taxes are paid (GERMAN RESPONSE NEEDED). The Vanguardist Party of Alaska also seeks out for international connections among technocratic, socialist and progressivist parties all around the world. The Narodniki party, meanwhile, arranges itself within the new powerbalance as a point for more moderate and liberal forms of leftist thought. The Orthodox League is, meanwhile, largely excluded by the progressivist majority as non-secularism in a modern government is seen as very outdated and antiquated. Flag proposals are also set up for the new Oblasts.The first steps for the trans-Alaska railway are done, it will reach from Kivalina up in the northern Chukchi Oblast down to the metropolitan area around Resnov (OTL Vancouver). It is asked to connect the railway with the already existing railway network of Arcadia (ARCADIA RESPONSE)
    • German Dip: When have we not paid what we owe? If we haven't paid it, then so be it. We'll gather up some form of payment sooner or later once our economy has just about recovered (about 1925 or so). Just know we may be interpreting this as a power move if this continues, but we'll give you the benefit of the doubt.
    • Alaskan Dip: We have already requested such a thing in 1920, but unfortunately, we received no response. By no means we had the intention to anger the German authorities and deeply apologize if we did that. We will keep the oil fields running as usual, yet we ask for a small payment.
    • German Dip: Very well, we will make the payment by 1925 (assume we do so by that turn if it is not mentioned). Keeping the oil fields running would help us produce more income to pay it faster.
  • Aztlán: As mentioned above, please specify which country I should post as. [MOD RESPONSE]
    • You can post as either sympathizers to the government and start a civil war or as the Fascists and play as them, whichever you prefer. -Steph
  • Russia: In Novgorod, after a long discussion at the Duma, Prime Minister Ivan Ivanavov decides the best course of action against Poland invading is to invade back. The full strength of the Russian army, some three million men is gathered in Byelorussia and Kiev and placed under the Command of General Andrei Wrangel. The Army of Ruthenia is placed in defensive positions between the Baltic border and the Fortress City of Lviv. A Colonel Nikolai Timoshenko begins to coordinate with the Cavalry Corps to begin work on a Russian landship corps. The T-23 light tank is developed from copying Franco-Belkan designs accept with a modified suspension. It is armed with either a 37 mm cannon or 7.62 mm machine gun. Gyorgy Beria working for the Arms Division of the Army creates the AB-1 light machine rifle. Firing in 7.62 mm Mosin, the gun is capable of firing 450 rpm and normally contains a bipod. However, personal and squad testing reveals the rifle to be an effective trench sweeper. T-23 tanks and the new AB-1's are immediately sent into mass production in the industrial plants of Tsaritsyn.' The First Air Force is formed as planes from Russia are staffed in bases behind the lines. Captain Igor Nikolaevich delivers the first payload of bombs over Warsaw with a flight of ten modernized Pyotr Vityaz (OTL Ilya Mouramets bombers). Experimental monoplane aircraft made by Molotok Aeronautics is tested (OTL Polikarkpov I-1 fighter) and sent to the frontlines for combat testing.
    • OOC Baltics: You don't own Kaunas; it is part (and the capital) of the Baltic State of Aukštaitija.
    • Magadhi Diplomacy: Magadh would like to establish formal diplomatic relations and set up an embassy. Some private companies are trying to obtain licenses for the manufacture of small arms.
  • Uniõ de Cádiz: Unemployment falls once more to 15.2% as inflationary policies continue to improve the economic outlook of the Union. With public debts now slashed to 20% of the national GDP, the government opts to lower inflation to 6% with a goal of eventually reaching 2% annual inflation. With debt payments now a small portion of the budget government spending resumes. Pensions and benefits for veterans are reinstated while taxes on the lower classes are reduced to essentially nothing. Rather than re-create the social welfare state under the former governments, the Technocratic Unionists of Iberia, the ruling party in Iberia proper, opts for a more liberalized personal taxation system with higher regulations on large businesses. Regulations are introduced to restrict the risk of investments and the government agrees to guarantee personal savings up to 400% of the poverty line, a metric which is established as 20% of the GDP per capita in family income with an additional 2.5% per dependent. These policies are copied in Morocco and Algeria with slightly varied policies on wealth levels. With the Union now the most liquid economy in Western Europe, investment resumes although worse than during the pre-war. The situation with the United Kingdom and France permits a significant resurgence in many Union industrial sectors as the uptick in the UK’s economy drags Union industrial demand higher. France, although still struggling also purchases Union industrial materials and equipment in its efforts to rebuild. The continued comparative advantage the Union maintains over its trade partners sees light and consumer industry rebuild quickly. Herrero-Correia Industrial continues to struggle but manages to expand its profitability. Fontes, although selling more cars, fails to increase its profitability as higher labor costs and antitrust activity drive up expenses. Avia continues to struggle and cuts back on its production side in favor of its semi-profitable research and development sector which receives government funding. The Iberian Sun Power Company sees significantly improved profitability as municipalities, consumers, and industrial companies take out loans to reduce their overall long-term expenditure on coal. Several new solar-thermal plants begin construction this year alone. In the far south of Morocco, small greenhouses, humidified through wind and seawater begin to appear and spread. These contraptions take advantage of the intense sunlight to rapidly grow crops in a humid but hot environment. Population estimates begin a new system that accounts for race allowing for more accurate counts, that there are 56.63 million in Iberia, 10.94 million native Moroccans in Morocco, 5.99 million Iberians in Morocco, 5.9 million Iberian Algerians, and 3.58 million Native in Algerians, for a total of 83.04 million in the Union proper. Settlement in Morocco and Algeria continues with more effort to roll-back some of the desert. Although the work is slow and grueling the arid landscapes of southern Morocco start to take on a more hospitable air as gullies, rivers, and streams are now lined with repeated banks of biomass in the form of wheat stalks, felled trees, palm fronds, and all other manner of bio-materials. These banks, augmented by low dams, catch and store water while also improving the soil. There are still years to go before the area will produce significant food crops, but the hope is that this cultivative work will allow for orchards to line the banks of natural water formations. This work is overseen by researchers from the University of Sevilla’s Arid Ecology Department, but is done by the local farmers who were settled there recently. Military research continues, but is slow as funding constraints prohibit grand inventions. Implementation of the Sandoval Model 1917 Semi-Automatic Rifle continues as the Union Expeditionary Force receives the weapons in late June. With the deliver, early troop reaction to the guns is supremely favorable as the light, durable, and easily maintained action gives them significantly higher firepower than the earlier lever-driven bolt action rifles of the past. One criticism of the rifle is the lack of magazines, which is addressed through the introduction of the Sandoval M17A SAR (Very similar to the OTL M1A), which has a ten-round magazine standard. With the expeditionary forces’ rifles recalled to be switched over to the magazine system, new export laws are introduced that prevent the export of critical military technologies, including those used in the Sandoval M17A SAR and other weapons.
    • República de las Antillas Ibéricas: The Laurentian Recession hits the few surviving businesses hard. Fortunately, assistance arrives from the Iberian Government in time to support some of the failing companies.
    • República de las Indias Orientales Ibéricas: The economy begins to recover as demand in the Union picks up. However, growth still sits near zero percent.
    • República de Angola: The economy begins to recover as demand in the Union picks up. However, growth still sits near zero percent.
    • República de Senegay-Guinea: With Guinea integrated the colony begins to recover with greater speed than the others. Proximity and better transport systems allows the more economically competitive extraction of raw materials for the Union economy.
    • Mauritania: With the region under nominal union control, warlords, tribal leaders, and Islamic clerics are courted in order to protect Unionist interests.
    • Uluru Diplomacy: We would like to open diplomatic and trade relations with you and potentially build an embassy in your nation, as we are reaching out to those European Powers who own major amounts of land in the area surrounding us.
    • Magadhi Diplomacy: Magadh would like to establish formal diplomatic relations and set up an embassy. Some private companies are trying to obtain licenses for the manufacture of small arms.
  • Empire of Uluru: The beginning of this year sees Uluru undergo further economic recovery as we continue implementing our economic polocies. Unemployment shrinks once more to 12% but it is still shrinking slowly and taking a long time to recover, although the economy is finally stable again. The volunteers from last year reach Egypt this year and begin assisting the guerrillas in fighting against the Belkan forces, despite their extreme luck in the war so far despite all odds. Ethiopian soldiers begin to be specifically targeted due to their brutal atrocities, and the death of many of them begins to show the Egyptians that they are not invincible and starts to restore morale. We begin to heavily invest in mining in our country, with bauxite, gold and iron ore becoming the most mined in the country, although large industries also begin to develop things such as diamonds and uranium. (Arabia - if I gave you the rights to any of these message me and I'll change this). Seeing the various European businesses' lack of investment, Uluru begins to offer heavy tariff and tax cuts to large European businesses willing to invest in Uluru and promise to ensure the safety and security of European workers and companies at all cost if they come back. To show that we are not going to continue undergoing Anti-European policies we offer to reopen relations with the UK despite the lingering anti-British sentiment from many citizens, (As those feelings have decreased in many without government propaganda actively fanning the flames of them and much of them vanished after the genocide was revealed due to the horror and guilt of many realizing they likely contributed to making it possible) and promise to, if Britain desires it, do our best to compensate them for the genocide and offer an official apology, despite those targeted not being actual British citizens, with the Emperor himself giving a speech condemning it and other similar acts against ANY group, stating "Although these horrid acts of murder were not ordered or approved by the Ulurun government itself, many members of this state were able to take advantage of my lack of attention and our anti European policies to commit them, and it was in a large part my fault for ordering the internment and not ensuring these peoples safety during this. Although I have long since had the perpatrators such as the treacherous nobility and my once trusted friend and general Yarin Peewalla, I was still in a large part responsible. I am not fit to be your Emperor anymore, and so I wont be. Be loyal to my son and serve him as you would have served me, for he is not guilty of my crimes, goodbye". In a shocking move Emperor Djalu V Warlpiri abdicates from the throne and willingly goes into exile, leaving his trusted friend Ranga Tmy as the regent for his son, who is crowned as Emperor Omeo XI at the age of 11, although his regent makes most of the decisions and essentially runs the country for him, and will until he is 18. We also desire to open trade and diplomatic relations with the European Nations of France, Iberia, and Burgundy and to build embassies in each of their countries, as all three of them own large colonies in close proximity to us and we wish to open friendly relations with the different European Powers, as Europe as a whole has never been our enemy, just Britain, and even then we are currently trying to change that. The Tasmanian war continues this year. Although the rebels initially make many gains, taking many miles of territory and even managing to take the city of Launceston despite heavy resistance, their advance is stopped soon after at the battle of Relbia, where they are pushed back despite heavy casualties for the defenders (nearly 3000 actually). This is very bad for the rebels as less than three weeks later 30,000 soldiers of Ulurun reinforcments arrive in Tasmania from the mainland, and the by now very experienced garrison of Tasmania and the fresh reinforcements combine forces under the command of Lieutenant General Waume Jubeck, who forcibly takes command of the forces in Tasmania from the previous commander and has him imprisoned and sent back to Ngarindjeri, as his removal from command due to his incompetence allowing the rebels to make so much territory was one of the last commands Djalu gave before he abdicated, and he is soon brought to Ngarindjeri and executed for his failure, with Waume taking his place as a full general and the commander of the forces in Tasmania. Under his command, the momentum, which had already been retaken by Ulurun forces who were now making a major push into rebel held territory (retaking Launceston during the third battle of Launceston) is seized and the Ulurun army forces the rebels back many miles and even begins an assault on the rebels' headquarters in the town of Djubre as much of central Tasmania is seized while Ulurun forces in South, East, and West Tasmania also begin pushing deep into rebel territory and seizing it until the rebels only hold two-thirds of central Tasmania. Secret: We also continue the mass killings of the Haalfi tribes and people during this as we move farther and farther into territory where they are the majority, which is where most rebel activity is, continuing the year-long policy, and we also murder many rebel supporting civilians during this. Their possessions, including their farms and lands, are seized by the government and occupied by government forces, who begin the mass reorganization of seized Haalfi lands into Opium farms for the manufacturing of medical drugs and things such as that, as Tasmania is a great location for it. 300,000 Ulurun settlers (which we have been getting ready to send to Tasmania for years and which have been waiting for years) are sent to Tasmania to replace the murdered population, and they by now have become the majority with the many deaths so far among the populace. The native Tasmanian tribes continue to assist us in this campaign, and are a major asset in fighting the rebels and in carrying this campaign out. In response the rebels begin a scorched earth policy as they retreat, which makes this even worse for both sides. The UMI is heavily involved in making sure no information or rumors of this campaign escape from Tasmania. End secret. Opium farming becomes the main industry on Tasmania due to the excellent conditions for growing it and the many lands now vacant due to rebel atrocities being easy to reorganize into opium farms, although no intentionally addictive substances are manufactured, with Tasmania instead becoming a center of the pharmaceutical industry for things like painkillers. We continue our immigration policies from last year and also lift the ban on British immigration that has existed since our fight for independence began. We begin preparing to send 35 athletes to the Olympic Games next year, and all undergo heavy advanced training so they are more likely to win more this time.
    • Burgundian Dip: Burgundy welcomes an Uluru embassy in Brussels, and looks to open an embassy of their own in Uluru.
  • Aztlán (now third-person perspective, in the middle of a coup, and possibly the longest post I am ever going to write): The fascist government manages to take the government by force this year, and hundreds of people, mostly representatives, are committed to prisons countrywide. However, this only adds to the fervor of a developing group known as the Aliança da Fênix (Coalition of the Phoenix). This group quickly gains a considerable following and begins to spread its influence through the few "uncorrupted" areas remaining, including the stand-off cities of Merida (the housing of the federal navy) and Guadalajara. The fascist government, however, is not slow to begin spreading its own ideas, and soon the country is radically split into a trichotomy between the fascists, the republicans, and a sizeable concentration of neutrals, mostly concentrated farther north, in less developed areas. The Aliança and the new fascist government quickly turn their interests to that of the people, creating new jobs in the military, education system, infrastructure, and mineral (i.e., oil) extraction. However, the Aliança is less successful in that respect, as the fascist government is clearly unwilling to share federal wealth. However, the Aliança is infused with a great fervor to retake the rights they were swiftly denied - in the words of the Guadalajaran governor, "[their] passion for natural rights is superior to any obstacle [the fascists] give us." The Aliança quickly begins to fortify the areas around its cities for a possible coming attack, as well as calling any possible support [CONTINENTAL RESPONSE], but the fascists continue to prepare for their assault swiftly as well, with their schedule set for an overpowering of Merida in late 1924 - in the words of an anonymous official, "let 'em [the Aliança] hang themselves with the rope we give 'em." They also call New Granada, and any other sympathetic group, into the "coming triumph". [NEW GRANADAN RESPONSE] (More to come, if possible)
    • The Union sends the Coimbra and Aveiro along with several dozen escorts to protect Union citizens and businesses in Aztlán. A small amount of help is sent to the Aliança da Fênix amounting to 5000 rifles, 500,000 bullets, and a dozen landships.
      • OOC: Please clarify who comprises the Union.
      • OOC: Never mind, it's just the 'Uniõ de Cádiz.
    • FSNG Military Action: 200,000 men are immediately mobilized on the border with Aztlán in order to prepare for a military intervention against the Aliança Rebels as the Fontenista Navy is deployed in the Caribbean to establish a military blockade against the Aliança held city of Merida in order to prevent to arrival of Union equipment.
      • Steph OOC: You are welcome to attempt to turn away my fleet if you can justify why, but you would not be aware of the very small amount of supplies stored in the support ships that any standard Union fleet would have.
    • Aliança action: The Aliança deploys the former Eastern Aztlán Navy that was docked in Merida (see above posts for evidence of this), in an attempt to disperse the blockade. In addition, they begin to rally their citizens to take up arms and prepare for any possible immediate military action (i.e., DEFCON 2 or 1). They thank the Union greatly for their support, however meager, due to their need for such equipment.
    • Fascist action: The fascists thank the FSNG for their gratuitous support, but are unable to help the blockade as the federal navy is commandeered by the Aliança. However, the fascist citizen army begins to scour south Aztlán (neutral zone, see below) with more than adequate equipment, in a purge of Aliança supporters from the area. They plan to push their army to ready itself earlier, and support for a war is considerable.
    • OOC note: The area between Guadalajara, Merida, Tenochtitlán, and Managua can be considered a neutral zone.
  • Borealia: The nation continues to slowly recover from the recent war and the current Great Depression. The areas recently taken are settled and connected to the nation's infrastructure. There is a moderate increase in demand for housing, as the southern states see heavy immigration from those seeking employment. Due to the nation's policies toward immigration people continue to travel to the nation from around the world, especially from the more war torn nations. In the sports the nation's athletes prepare for the Olympic Games in Germany the following year, among other events. Planning begins for the World Rugby Cup, with it being decided that Savannah will host the tournament in 1924, followed by Arabia in 1926.
  • France: With the war over, reconstruction begins, as well as demilitarization. Some small but influential women's rights movements are successful in giving woman the right to vote. Futbol de Grillefer is nationalized nationwide, becoming ever so popular year by year. In these year's finals, the Marseilles Wolves blow out the Paris Pythons 42-12 after leading another undefeated season. The territories annexed from the war begin seeing general incorporation. The recently acquired territory of Dutch West Africa continues to be incorporated into the French West African state, and is expected to be finished by 1927. Siam begins seeing proper return to agricultural prosperity. A better version of the radio is created for government use, helping to replace elongated communication lines. Belka, Iberia, Italy, and Germany are all asked to help create a pan-European gridiron football league to better relations and help boost nationality within their respective territories [Player/Mod].
    • Iberia's Gridiron-Football League agrees to participate.
    • German DIP: Sure
    • Uluru Diplomacy: The Empire of Uluru would like to open diplomatic and trade relations with France, as part of our friendly outreach to significant European Powers and due to France having significant colonies near us.
  • United States of Germany: The Technocratic party won the election of 1922, and its inauguration of a new Chancellor: Franz von Rosenvelt (OTL Franklin D. Roosevelt) on 1923. The slow recovery around the world had helped pushed unemployment down from a peak from 17% to 13%. The neighboring war between Poland and Russia pushed it farther down by the end of the year to 11% due to a boost in a small wartime economy and other preparations. Only 100,000 Germans left this year mainly due to the recession. Germany still expresses they want to negotiate or support for Transrhinian independence. In other words, Germany was horrified that Poland decided to invade Russia at this time, especially of their size. The new German chancellor, von Rosenvelt, called this a “suicidal war”. Worried about German company assets and investments being captured or destroyed during the war, the German government urges Poland to surrender to prevent further consequences. (Secret) We began to form an alternate government of Poland in case Poland collapses or is losing the war - and made preparations to intervene in the Russo-Polish War to help install the government in the west by next year to prevent collapse (End of Secret). We station 200,000 troops each (400,000 total) at our Eastern and Western borders in case things get out of hand, such as Polish or Rhenish migrants. Germany accepts France's offer to join in the leagues and provides their own teams to compete. (More may be added later)
  • Kingdom of Burgundy: The effort to reclaim the Rhines West Bank continues into this year. Burgundian assault divisions, supported by landship battalions, continues their advances from the north and south, advancing along the Rhine. The Battle of Krefeld sees the first usage of the MK IX Panzerlandschëff, the first dedicated armored personnel carrier, since the Great War. After Burgundian victories at Krefeld and Homberg, the rebel defenses in northern Köln province are broken. Gülich Province is reclaimed after Burgundian victories at Monschau, Eschweiler, and Düren. Another victory at Euskirchen, this time spearheaded by a Fräibande Division, lifts the rebels’ siege of loyalist-held Bonn, and also cuts rebel territory in two. Two weeks after the siege of Bonn is lifted, an offensive is launched on the rebels in the north, in what is dubbed the Bergheim pocket. After failing to mount an effective defense at the battle of Elsdorf, the rebels there surrender. Koblenz falls after a southward offensive from Bonn a month later, the same day Worms falls to the southern army force. Mainz surrenders after a short siege, its defenders having run out of ammunition and supplies. With the West Bank reclaimed, reconstruction efforts begin within the region. A number of Rhenish nationalists begin emigrating from the Burgundian West Bank to German Rhineland. Coal output from the region begins climbing again after the end of the rebellion. The royal commission convened to study the feasibility of enclosing the Zuiderzee returns with confirmation it is feasible, both technically and financially. The Royal Navy begins plans to move its main naval base from Hoorn to Den Helder. Work is slated to begin in 1924 on a dike to connect the island of Wieringen to mainland Holland, and the main dike closing the Zuiderzee is scheduled to begin in 1927. The Navy continues its downsizing, deciding to go to the 350,000 ton battleship/cruiser limit it aims to negotiate to in the Malta Naval Treaty to ensure parity with Burgundy's longtime rival the UK and to be able to properly patrol the waters of Burgundys European, Southeast Asian, and New World territories. The public holds rallies in support of the government, often shouting “350 or bust”. In accordance, most of the older dreadnoughts, such as the Herzog Philippe de Fett-class, are scrapped, while others, such as the super-dreadnoughts Kinnigin Maria de Luisterrijk and Kinnig Lodewijk de Konstant, are sold to foreign navies. The exception among the older dreadnoughts is SMS Dreadnought herself as she has recently opened to the public as a museum ship, though the breech blocks have been removed from all her guns, and her fire-control systems have had their electronics removed, rendering her demilitarized. Interest in starting up gridiron teams in Burgundy begins to climb.
  • Imperial Swahili Federation: Agricultural productivity continues to rise with the introduction of industrial fertilizers, prompting a boost in population. The economy slowly recovers as unemployment is reduced. Construction of infrastructure begins in the new territories following improvements in government finances. An income tax, levied against those with a 90 percentile income, is instituted at 15% of their income above the line. However, the tax payment can be deducted by investments and charity, which is currently limited to charity to the Bayabist Church and the setting up of educational institutions, hospitals, orphanages, etc. While this does lead to some tax evasion through the setting up of low-quality orphanages, hospitals, etc, an investigative and prosecutive council is implemented to prevent such cases. More positively, the policy has led to the implementation of many social services as well as private institutes of higher learning, such as the Russom School of Aeronautics, Kanye Madrassah in Bulawayo and Mombasa Institute of Technology. This is seen as an expansion of the Federation's previous policy of advancing education. Following the discovery of several minerals in the newly acquired territory, especially copper and cobalt, the Imperial Institute of Geology is established in Kolwezi. The Federation begins several policy aimed at improving the good will of Europeans. The network of embassies within Europe begins distributing examples of Swahili manga, radio shows and broadcast weekly showings of Swahili films. A particular epic popular with the European audience is a film about a soldier's story in the Swahili Civil War. Cultural and scientific exchange programs are established with several European institutions. Economically, after reorganization, the Special Administrative Region of Kismayo is open to foreign investment as a free zone, with zero tariffs, 3% business tax rates and approval of all foreign investments to be made within the area. Foreign institutional investments are also first allowed for Swahili firms. European culture centers are also established within major cities of Swahili. The idealized conditions within the European State of Rhodesia are also recorded and publicized in Europe, painting a picture of racial harmony and prosperity within Swahili. The Emperor of Swahili also plans a tour of Europe, accompanied by an exposition that showcases Swahili.
  • Swahili Diplomacy to Iberia: We wish to further cooperate with Iberia on academics.
    • Iberian Diplomacy: We agree to allow student exchanges in Iberia and cooperation on ecological, biological, and social sciences.
    • Uluru Diplomacy to Iberia: We would like to open diplomatic and trade relations with Iberia due to the close proximity of Iberian colonies to Uluru and as part of the general reaching out we have been doing to European Powers.
  • Great Empire of China–Korea: The Huifu Emperor dies at the age of 83. A portion of the Forbidden Palace is temporarily open to the public, with over ten million visitors arriving over the following three months to pay their respects to the late Emperor. As he has left no will, he is succeeded by his eldest son, Prince Kim Baekjeong, via the principle of absolute primogeniture. However, within three months of his reign and without selecting an era name, he abdicates in favor of his eldest daughter, Kim Deokman; therefore, she becomes the fourth female monarch of the Jin dynasty and at 23 years of age, the youngest to do acquire the position. In honor of Queen Seondeok of Silla, she chooses the title of the "Shande Empress", which is the pronunciation of the Hanja characters in Mandarin. Meanwhile, the 1923 National Elections result in a victory for Liberal–Democratic Party candidate Gao Huangfu, whose platform consists of the promotion of pan-Asian nationalism and democratic institutions, and an interventionist foreign policy. The election also marked higher female participation in politics, as over a fifth of the Grand Secretariat being women, with female voter turnout rising to 60%.
    • Tibet: Civic buildings are constructed in the capital of Lhasa. The majority of the population has now become urbanized or live in centralized village communities. The little available arable land is intensively cultivated, with heavy usage of machinery and fertilizers to maximize productivity. However, Tibet begins to increasingly rely on imports from neighboring Sichuan to ensure food security.
    • Altishahria: The Altishahr Gas Company continues the construction of gas extraction facilities around Aksu, exporting it to China–Korea. Aksu is now home to approximately 225,000 residents. In addition to fossil fuels, precious gems and cash crops are also exported. There is also a ranching boom, with land being converted into pastures or enclosures for livestock (mainly sheep). Processing facilities are established in major cities as preparation for further processing in China–Korea's textile mills. Korla remains Altishahria's largest city and its capital due to continuous migration and its position as a major break-of-bulk point.
    • Dzungaria: In order to facilitate economic development, immigration to cities is encouraged by the Dzungar government. The Dzungar Oil Company continues to increase the scale of their oil-extraction operations, constructing more oil mines and oil refineries. In addition for supplying energy to much of northwest China, the company also provides many industrial chemicals via distillation.
    • Dai Viet: Commercial aquaculture and pisciculture, as well as large-scale cultivation of cash crops (mainly tea and rubber) on plantations, is practiced. Basic infrastructure is built.
    • Occupied Indochina: Intensive relief efforts continue, in order to alleviate the suffering of the Indochinese peoples. Surplus grain and pre-packaged foods are given generously. With the infrastructure and economy in shatters, the Indochinese Economic Board is established to facilitate economic recovery and development.

1924

Hope you had Spooky Halloween, Everyone!

The Global economy falters as another economic aftershock hits East Asia. Although historically insulated from the depression, China faces rising unemployment as international investment falls precipitously. This has the effect of dragging down the economies of many nations in the area including Uluru. Unemployment in China rises to 17.1% by the end of the year. The global average unemployment rests at 14.3% due to gains in Europe and Arcadia but losses in East Asia.

The United Kingdom becomes the epicenter of an economic miracle. Aggressive structural changes and government investment allows for recovery across most sectors. Unemployment falls to 8.2% and industrial productivity rises for the first time since the war. Without colonies the UK is forced to import most of the raw materials it needs from the colonies of France, the Uniõ de Cádiz, and other preferential trade partners of the EEA.

International pressure to sign the Malta Naval Treaty increases as anti-war advocates call for restrictions.

The situation across India enters uncertain waters as the Front for the Unification of the Indian Peoples petitions the governments of all non-Muslim Indian states to integrate into a single Indian Federation.

In Egypt, the situation becomes more desperate. Although the insurgency has been mostly driven underground by counter-terror tactics several hundred Belkan soldiers are killed in bombings this year alone. Supplies from Arabia are scarce due to the Belkan navy’s interdiction measures. Despite this, Arabian ships are able to protect some of the blockade runners but attrition favors the Belkan Army.

Not in the game anymore, but this is ... bullshit.

The Burgundian economy also sees some recovery as peace finally allows for economic growth. The return to normalcy causes the Rhenish revolt of 1922 generally subside after 16 months of sporadic and dispersed fighting. The region becomes increasingly a center for Syndicalist activities as former dissidents return to work and form strong labor unions.

  • Empire of Uluru: Although the economic aftershocks in China do drag down our economy, we are able to weather the effects much better than most of the regions round us due to having many other trading partners and thriving industries at home that do not rely on Chinese support. Still, it does effect us and unemployment rises back up another 3% despite the ongoing efforts by the government to combat the recession. Major oil deposits are discovered on Tasmania and we begin heavily exploiting them and it becomes a large source of oil, in addition to its highly profitable pharmaceutical opium industry, and many Ulurun and foreign companies begin investing heavily in the island, which is starting to become one of the areas of Uluru with the fastest growing economy. To increase the speed of our settlement of the island and its loyal population, we offer many of those who are unemployed and many of those soldiers now returning from a long tour of duty in Kashmir moderate amounts of seed money and jobs in the oil or opium industries developing in Tasmania if they agree to move to the island, and with many of those with farming skills small amounts of non-inheritable land for their own farms. Many accept, and 113,000 Uluruns move to Tasmania this year. This is the last large number of colonists we are going to move to the island, as Uluruns now make up two-thirds of the Tasmanian population (about 400,000 people due to last year's large numbers and the moderate numbers that have come over the years we have owned the island). The Tasmanian War is essentially over by the end of the year, as we finally crush the few remaining rebel strongholds and kill or capture the leadership. Although some Rebels survive and will go on to wage a very low intensity insurgency mostly consisting of lone terrorist attacks for years, they are no longer a real threat and the war is now done. Secret: We continue the ethnic cleansing of Haalfi and other mostly rebel supporting groups, with it mostly being complete by now after nearly 415,000 deaths, with the many bodies being burnt or dumped into mass graves in the arid and lowly populated deserts of central Tasmania. Despite this we are able to cover it up much easier than the Gttugar genocide because it occurred on a small island this time, we were able to mask the population decrease by immigrating an equivalent number of Uluruns, most of this occurred in rebel territory, and we can cover it up much easier when we don't need to leave any of the victims alive and the UMI doesn't have as much of an area to cover, and these aren't the recent descendants of White Europeans, so most major powers wouldn't give a crap even if they did know. Because of these factors, our cover up is extremely successful and the information doesn't get out this time. The mass murder of many of those who owned them has led to lots of open lands and farms, many of which are repurposed by the government as opium farms which are then settled by Ulurun settlers who are unaware of what happened to those previously owning the land. End secret. We build an embassy in Brussels, the capital of Burgundy, and they do the same in Ngarrindjeri, officially opening diplomatic and trading relations between the Empire of Uluru and the Kingdom of Burgundy. We encourage Burgundian investment in Uluru by lowering taxes on those willing to invest in us compared to other nations and by advertising the fact that several European firms from other countries withdrew from contracts last year, and several show interest. We also begin to encourage literacy by making it mandatory for those in government jobs to learn to read, and make sure to provide the teachers to do so. We also give rewards to those who can prove they have taught more than three others to read which, although small, does encourage many of those who are literate who previously had no motive to teach others to do so so they can collect the reward, which can help them, even if just a little, in the harsh times we currently live in with the global recession, even if it is getting better. One of the Burgundian Ambassador's sons befriends the Emperor's second youngest brother, despite being much older than he is and a Catholic priest. Omeo continues to do his best to learn how to be a good ruler, despite the regent not giving him any such lessons (intending to make him a puppet). We also begin funding political groups in India opposed to the Front for the Unification of the Indian Peoples, as they are a threat to our economic interests in the region and those of our fellow GIOCPS members. Secret: Finally, we begin covertly aiding the Egyptian loyalists with supplies and economic support, although we don't directly give them weapons, and by sending military advisors over to help train the guerrillas. The volunteers in Egypt re-purpose their transportation ships to begin covertly aiding Arabian veterans in running the Belkan blockade, transporting many thousands into the country. End secret.
  • Uniõ de Cádiz: The UK’s recovery is watched in awe by markets across the Union. However, the United Kingdom is not the only beneficiary as Union shipping and primary industries are buoyed by demand from the UK. Unemployment in the Union proper falls to 12.9% with strong projections moving forward. However, many of the employed could be considered underemployed. Public debt falls rapidly through government payments on principal and the inflation rate is once again reduced to 4%. With the situation looking positive the government opens Union creditors to the EEA allowing the French and British to take advantage of the recovering financial institutions of the Union. The market is quickly saturated with loans used to rebuild French businesses. In an effort to build economic influence all loans are required to have a clause that forces corporations to list themselves in one of the three big Union stock exchanges: Madrid, Valencia, or Lisbon. This effectively pulls financial influence southward from London and Paris while also boosting the raw strength of the economies of both the UK and France. The continued comparative advantage the Union maintains over its trade partners sees light and consumer industry rebuild as rapidly as last year. Herrero-Correia Industrial continues to struggle but manages to expand its profitability. Fontes, although selling more cars, fails to increase its profitability as higher labor costs and antitrust activity drive up expenses. Avia continues to struggle and cuts back on its production side in favor of its semi-profitable research and development sector which receives government funding. The Iberian Sun Power Company sees significantly improved profitability as municipalities, consumers, and industrial companies take out loans to reduce their overall long-term expenditure on coal. Several new solar-thermal plants begin construction this year alone. In the far south of Morocco, small greenhouses, humidified through wind and sea-water begin to appear and spread. These contraptions take advantage of the intense sunlight to rapidly grow crops in a humid but hot environment. Valuable luxury crops, including Cannabis, are grown for export and the coast southern Morocco begins to bloom with these solar-powered greenhouses. Plans to build a large glass plant are considered by investors as demand for material in the region is high. Population estimates determine that there are 56.8 million in Iberia, 11.05 million native Moroccans in Morocco, 6.05 million Iberians in Morocco, 6.04 million European Algerians, and 3.59 million Natives in Algerians, for a total of 83.54 million in the Union proper. Settlement in Morocco and Algeria continues with more effort to roll back some of the desert. Although the work is slow and grueling, the arid landscapes of southern Morocco start to take on a more hospitable air as gullies, rivers, and streams are now lined with repeated banks of biomass in the form of wheat stalks, felled trees, palm fronds, and all other manner of bio-materials. These banks, augmented by low dams, catch and store water while also improving the soil. There are still years to go before the area will produce significant food crops, but the hope is that this cultivative work will allow for orchards to line the banks of natural water formations. This work is overseen by researchers from the University of Sevilla’s Arid Ecology Department, but is done by the local farmers who were settled there recently. Military research continues, but is slow as funding constraints prohibit grand inventions. The Sandoval M17A SAR becomes the national service rifle and enters production as rapidly as possible. Thankfully, despite the last minute change to the design, the overall delivery date is set in 1927 for the first 250,000.
    • República de las Antillas Ibéricas: The recovery from the Laurentian Recession continues and the economy starts to recover with assistance from the Union. A motion to integrate las Antillas into the Uniõ de Cádiz takes hold in some sectors of society.
    • Las Repúblicas Colonias: Growth returns to the republic as demand from the United Kingdom drags raw material production higher. In Angola factories, mills, and refineries spring back to life as demand returns. Meanwhile, Senegay-Guinea experiences some of the industrialization found in Angola’s growth. Transportation networks are repaired in all countries after a decade of poor maintenance.
    • Uluru Diplomacy: We would like to open diplomatic and trade relations with Iberia due to the close proximity of Iberian colonies to Uluru and as part of the general reaching out we have been doing to European Powers.
  • FS of Arcadia: 
    Lyev's letter
    :
    An alleged letter by President and Grand Admiral Lyev Fridrik Konstantinovich gets found by a Culoden church secretary. In this letter it is discribed how his presidency is trying to de-secularise the Federated State of Arcadia and reinstate the Mzerkan empire as a one-religion Empire. His letter was even written in the official church language which isn't spoken outside of the religion, this spurred an investigation into his role of the Federal States of Arcadia by law enforcement. The Geheimdienst von Arcadia (Gediva) looks into every article of the Federated States constitution, and they accuse him of war crimes (the sinking of a sailing ship the nationality of which isn't known) abuse of power, illegally censoring the media and they even found out that him holding two positions at the same time is in fact against the constitution. These are the national laws that he is accused of breaking, but there are some state laws that he might have broken but that are not able to be proven or not proven due to a lack of evidence. President and Grand Admiral Lyev is under house arrest for the duration of his trial. With the public hearing this news they because very outraged as what they perceive as an act of tyranny, and of Imperialism. The Culoden church openly declares in a radio message that it wishes to uphold the secular nature of the Federated States, and that it would've never accepted this offer by any power. The Federated States Navy commissions the building of a new class of U-Boats: the Eisenberg-class. These U-Boats are 1512 tonnes (surfaced), 1875 tonnes (submerged) and have two 15 cm and two 8.8 cm deck guns. In total, there are five of these being commissioned. They are planned to be taken into active action in about 18 months and where the U-boat crew will have a two month active training on the U-boat to then Officialy defend the Federated States. After much discussion and negotiation we offer the Uluru empire to buy Bathurst Island, 13,500 Arcadian Franks (500 USD) per square kilometre. (Uluru response) What are we also offer to protect this southern nation's seas.
    • Magadhi Diplomacy: We would like to establish formal diplomatic relations and open up embassies. We also request to obtain licenses for the licensed production of small arms.
    • Uluru Response: We agree to the Arcadian offer to buy Bathurst Island from us (we have been discussing this over Discord) and to build Naval bases there. We also desire to buy U-Boat designs from Arcadia to improve our ability to properly defend our waters and improve our navy. We also desire an alliance with Arcadia, and to build an embassy in their capital.
    • Arcadian Response: Our government will allow Uluru to build Eisenberg U-Boats, Ruby Pistols and get naval protection in return for getting Bathurst Island free.
    • Uluru Response Continued: Uluru agrees to this, as long as the help with patrolling our southern seas continues.
  • Scandinavia: We invite everyone to attend Oscar II's funeral. Gustav V takes the throne.
    • Vinlandic Diplomacy: Foreign Minister Lars Olofson attends.
  • Magadh: Magadh continues to industrialize. Industrial growth increases further and exports increase. Most of the produced goods are used up in the domestic economy. The Army and Navy design bureaus start working with professionals from the West and the GIOCPS. It is decided by the council that the Navy will procure two Wacht-class battlecruisers (26,000 tonnes) from Burgundy. Accordingly, an armoured cruiser will be decommissioned to stay within the treaty limits. Two 1500 tonne submarines are decommissioned to stay within treaty limits. They are closely studied by the Magadhi naval engineers. The expansion of dockyards with Burgundian help continues in Paradwip, Hemgarh and Chittagong. New ports are being developed in Dhamra, Kalikshetra (OTL Kolkata) and Mongla. The small township of Kalikshetra (OTL Kolkata) begins to grow. The name of Port Blair is changed to Paschim Rajgrih (Eastern Rajgrih) and the construction of a large naval base is started and many begin to move to the uninhabited areas of the Andaman Islands, the tribes are forcefully assimilated. However, many die. The Kaala Paani (Blackwater) or Cellular Jail in Port Blair (Paschim Rajgrih) is taken over by the government and is renovated. The small Munger military industrial complex is completed. The Asansol Raniganj complex starts with the manufacture of indigenously designed small arms based on older European models and more modern British models. To fill up the demand for professionals, private colleges are set up. The construction of the Puri War College begins and is expected to be completed in three years. This college will be used for training of army officers alongside the already established Officers Training Academy, Gaya. The immigration of professionals from the West continues because of the economic depression. Groups organized by the government and private enterprises are sent over to hire professionals from the countries affected by the depression. Study groups are organized by the government and private enterprises and are sent for training to the Western nations and the GIOCPS nations. The Anti-Christian sentiment is non-existent in Magadh. However, small Hindu-Muslim riots continue to occur in the rural areas and all efforts are made to contain them. The urban areas remain peaceful. However, many Muslims begin to pack up and move with entire villages immigrating to Afghanistan, Swahili, Arabia, Maghreb and Iran, most of them moving to the inner uninhabited areas of Swahili. The State Council requests a meeting with the State Council of Aryavarta (Oligarchy), the Grand Council of Dravidia (Democracy) and the Kings of Kashmir, Nepal and Kangra for the unification of India and to establish the Constituent Assembly of the new nation. (MOD RESPONSE, PLEASE). This is done so that many in the council and Gandhi ji support the idea of unification. However, Gandhi ji starts to tour South Asia, especially Dravidia, promoting religious harmony and the unification. The government ignores the calls for deportations of Muslims and does not support such groups. However, it supports Indian unification. Major strides are made in the railways sector, expansion continues and a factory for the production of coaches and engines is set up on the Haldia river to supplement the older British era factories. The expansion of the railways prompts the expansion of the iron and steel, machine tools industry and this also supplies the factories producing small agricultural implements. The government approves a plan to support the mechanization of agriculture and gives incentives for the expansion of the related industries. A small chemical industry is setup to help produce fertilizer. However, most of the fertilizer and agricultural implements are presently imported from Swahili.
    • Magadhi Dip to Burgundy: We would like to establish formal diplomatic relations and open up embassies. We also request to obtain licenses for the licensed production of Burgundian small arms. We also send (government and private enterprises) to study in Burgundian institutions.
    • Magadhi Dip to France: We would like to establish formal diplomatic relations and open up embassies. We would also like to import modern small arms (not used world war surplus). We would like to import armoured cars and tanks left over from the Great War (army surplus).
    • Magadhi Dip to Belka: We would like to establish formal diplomatic relations and open up embassies. We also request to obtain licenses for the licensed production of Burgundian small arms. We would like to import armoured cars and tanks left over from the Great War (army surplus).
  • Aztlán: The Fascists prepare for military action with a mandatory military draft. Soldiers are given slightly less than adequate pay for their service, and some do protest, but of course they are forced into taking the position anyway. Meanwhile, the Aliança receives the supplies from the Union, adding another 4000 rifles to their collection of 100,000. However, supplies aren't enough to equip everyone in the Aliança military with the weapons they need. As a result, a heavy number of soldiers are sent instead to construct and maintain artillery equipment, with more long-distance guns being outfitted by the day. Gunpowder is slightly limited in the area, but the Aliança decides to make do. (More to come)
  • France: With the war over, reconstruction begins, as well as demilitarization. Some small but influential women's rights movements are successful in giving women the right to vote. Futbol de Grillefer is nationalized nationwide, becoming ever so popular year by year. In this year's finals, the Marseilles Wolves defeat the Brest Boars 37-21. The territories annexed from the war begin seeing general incorporation. The recently acquired territory of Dutch West Africa continues to be incorporated into the French West African state, and is expected to be finished by 1927. Siam begins seeing proper return to agricultural prosperity. A better version of the radio is created for government use, helping to replace elongated communication lines. Most colonial armies in Africa are updated with surplus army materials, including automated machine guns, tanks, and small numbers of airplanes. Merchant investment into Persia is given to better align the Persian state with France than Arabia, especially since most talks of investment include how Persia is still dependent on Arabia for power when they could transition to France and become an economic and military power.
  • Kingdom of Arabia: The economy is almost fully recovered, as unemployment has lowered to pre-war levels. Industries slowly recover, now investing in the growing international economy partnered with Swahili and other nations. Steel and gold are exported worldwide, but most investment is put in the oil industry that supports significant economies around the globe. Migration to other nations continues unabated, however, as many more people settle in Iran, Belkan Maghreb, and now Arcadia in large numbers. The navy is expanded, and we will sign the Malta Naval Treaty once it is complete, as international investment in GIOCPS improves from previous years we accept the proposal of Magadha to have a jointly-connected navy of the dependent states in GIOCPS, crewed by a corps of pilots selected from the leading nations, while Arabia and Swahili will also have independent navies. As has been going on for several years, some parts of the military continue to research chemical weapons, seeing their effectiveness in the Great War. Physics and mathematics are also studied in universities as is the ancient tradition of the Middle East, carefully taking the research from Iberia in regards to subatomic physics. Radio, cinema, and other mass media continues to be dominant in popularity. Caliph Ali Al-Rahman, now residing in Jerusalem, becomes the first Caliph to appear publicly on radio. He has shows to share scripture and moral lessons, but also makes political opinions, urging Muslims to passively resist any foreign oppression. This is used by the government as propaganda in Egypt and other parts of Africa. Secretly, Egypt is addressed more passively than before. As soon as Belka tightens their naval blockade, the Arabian air force is launched from light carriers in the Red Sea, dropping supplies to the rebels in Egypt from the air. Military advisors in Egypt organize the population for a mass guerrilla warfare, utilizing ammunition and hardware caches in key locations across the nation to supply local resistance indefinitely, and in any part of the country outside the capital. As Arab veterans have been marginally successful in attacking Suez, they are instructed to use guerrilla tactics to delay Belkan ships from using it, for military or trade. End secret. Closer diplomatic relations is extended with the Federated States of Arcadia, and we ask for their navy to help supply any shortfall in protection over our trade in the Indian Ocean.
  • Russia: Feeling threatened by possible Intermarium invasion, more men are mobilized. One million men are held in fortifications running from the Frontline to Turku in Finland. The economy is thrown into war economy as guns and weapons are made for the coming punishment of Poland. Following the successful defense against the Polish defenses, Operation: Pyotr is hatched. a central thrust of two million men are to charge straight through to Warsaw while 500,000 men are placed on the flanks of the offensive. More tanks are built to support this offensive.
  • United States of Germany: Since the beginning of the year, the German army gathered over 400,000 troops at their eastern border supported by hundreds of half-tracks and dozens of tanks (German Renault FT) built up over the years. To avoid a direct war with the other Intermarium members (assuming it is a defensive alliance), Germany declares it will join the war on Russia’s defensive side on the reason to protect German assets and investments in Poland. We joined the war intended to protect (Poland) and take control of the situation for a few years. After which, we plan to go back to neutrality once I know the threats are pretty much over. Germany urges other Intermarium states to stay out of the conflict. The German air force of around 100 planes and artillery is sent forward ahead of the marching army to bomb any military targets. Paving the way for a trident attack (pincer attack with a large force coming through the middle). The army is divided into three groups: Army Group A (Eastern Prussia/Pommerania), Army Group B (Brandenburg), and Army Group C (Silesia). Group A and C (consisting of 100,000 troops each) will be supported by very mobile vehicles and will come from North and South respectively to occupy as much territory as possible while Group B of 200,000 men will come through the middle. The battle (blitz?) of (Western) Poland resulted in an overwhelming German victory in a fight of 400,000 Germans with 300,000 Polish troops (the rest of them were occupied with Russia) and effectively pushed the western lines to Warsaw. This all should happen while the 900,000 Polish troops are in Russia in a rush of Lightning warfare (pretty much OTL blitzkrieg). Germany urges Poland to quickly surrender so that they will avoid a worse fate, and that Germany is willing to help rebuild (Polish response). This year, there were upgrades to the standard infantry weapon of the MP18, the MP24 (OTL MP28) has fixed several problems to the previous weapon, such as occasional jamming. Out of the German Football teams that competed with each other (Berlin Rottweilers, Hamburg Spider, Munich Muskrats, Vienna Yellow-Jackets, Frankfurt Pioneers, Graz Hedgehogs, Nuremburg Geese, Stuttgart Hornets, Dresden Eagles, Lomé Lions, Breslau Boxers, and Gdingen Wild-boars), it boiled down to the Dresden Eagles and the Breslau Boxers came head to head. In a narrow victory of 19-24, the Dresden Eagles are named the first German Gridiron Champions, and labeled as the number one team in Central Europe. (More may be added later. Turn not final. May change).
  • Great Empire of China–Korea: In order to offset deflationary conditions, a ban is placed on the export of gold-based products (including gold itself), except under a license from the National Treasury. A hefty tax is levied on the purchase of gold-based products, in order to deter private consumption. Any significant amount of gold coinage is seized, with its former owners being compensated with its equivalent in banknotes. In addition, citizens are encouraged to donate gold-based jewelry and products in exchange for its equivalent in banknotes. The National Treasury ceases the practice of paying gold in exchange for dollars, and gold will henceforth no longer be considered a valid legal tender for debts in private and public contracts and transactions. Province-level prohibition laws are repealed, with a ~15% tax levied on alcohol consumption – providing an additional source of revenue for the government. Tariffs are reduced drastically from 20% to 5%, stimulating international trade. However, a preferential trade policy continues with countries exceeding a certain threshold in trading volume being exempted from that tax altogether. Participation within the consumer market is encouraged within inland and rural communities, in order to increase consumer demand. Private consumption is encouraged within provincial communities. Meanwhile, migration to traditional urban centers is discouraged to prevent an oversaturation within the labor pool; and instead, the government increases spending on development of secondary urban zones. As a result of this effort, the economy once again registers positive growth and unemployment rates halves to 8.5%. Prime Minister Gao Huangfu and the Liberal–Democratic Party receives heavy public praise and approval rates surge in all provinces. 800,000 troops with heavy artillery, aerial and naval support storm into the Kantō plain – achieving a swift victory. As a result, the entirety of the Japanese archipelago is placed under a ten-year period of Sino–Korean occupation. The Fukuoka, Saga and Nagasaki prefectures; the cities of San'yō-Onoda, Ube, and the southern half of Shimonoseki; and the Izu and Kuril archipelagoes are ceded to China–Korea as overseas territories. Meanwhile, the lease on the port of Fukuoka itself is extended in perpetuity. The conclusion of the Sino–Japanese conflict results in a surge in national pride, as the wars with Russia, Burgundy, and Japan have secured China–Korea's position as East Asia's foremost power and demonstrates the culmination of two generations of intensive government-led modernization. The 1924 Naval Bill is ratified and will be effective next year, with a set production capacity of 80,000 metric tonnes annually. Educational attainment rises, with increasing enrollment in state-owned imperial universities, as well as private educational institutions. China–Korea continues its transitions into heavy industries including but not limited to: steel, heavy machinery, petrochemicals, shipbuilding, and automobile production – a shift from the production of textiles and synthetic dyes in which China-Korea still remains a global leader. The electrification of the production process and lighting continues. Infrastructural development (such as the development of railway and telecommunications) continues.
    • Uluru Response: We bring the Japanese Emperor's wife and son to the China-Korean capital and the current Emperor's uncle delivers them to the Empress and Prime Minister to do with as they will. We say that we caught them attempting to flee to Uluru following China’s victory earlier this year disguised as Japanese refugees, and are now delivering the, to China-Korea, who were obviously in the right in their war. We also desire to open trade and diplomatic relations with the Great Empire of China-Korea.
  • Vinland: With the economy nearly recovered, the Vinlandic Parliament passes the 1924 military expansion act - the act which will expand the army to 350,000 soldiers with 50,000 stationed in Alaska (agreed with Alaska) to help them. In addition, we condem the German decision to join the war. We send an offer to France to purchase their Indonesian island for 60 million Vinlandic kronor (FRENCH RESPONSE NEEDED)
    • German Dip: We joined the war intended to protect and take control of the situation for a few years. After which, we plan to go back to neutrality once we know that the threats are pretty much over.
    • French Dip: Sure.
  • Please format your turn correctly. -Feud
  • Borealia: In sports the nation attends the 1924 Olympic Games in Berlin, Germany. Preparations begin to host the Olympics in Kalmmeer, a small skiing resort in Laurentia. New transportation lines are planned to the town and surrounding area, with a new stadium also being completed. Although military expansion is low due to the recession, it does not stop the military command and general staff from analyzing the Great War and attempting to improve and learn from the changing nature of warfare. It is noted that defensively the Atlantic Wall operated successfully, however, defenses weren't enough to completely win the war in Burgundy. In the case of offensive doctrine, the war against New England showed that the nation will need to be highly mobile to advance through New England quickly. What is devised is a plan to maintain air supremacy and high concentration of artillery, to bomb enemy positions, followed by quick, mechanized units to take advantage of breakthroughs. New tanks are designed, and for transporting infantry units, a new line of personnel carriers is designed. Multiple forms are created, including half tracked and full tracked designs. Ultimately the military favors the "Universal Carrier", which is fully tracked. After the fall of the Burgundian colonies in Africa, the nation takes up a policy of welcoming many who flee from the continent, leading to a large concentration of African people in many of the eastern cities. During this time several new styles of music become popular, both in Borealia and Burgundian/Borealian colonies and dominions. In Kuba the habanera gains international popularity, spreading across the Caribbean. This musical tradition is partially carried on by soldiers who worked alongside the Kubans during the Great War. In Maryland the "Blues" becomes widely transcribed, based on the work songs of largely black, impoverished communities. The city of New Orleans (not sure what the ATL name is) becomes the center of a new musical movement, with influences from Kuba, Maryland, and the Deep South. As the popularity of this new music rises the musical elite crack down on it, considering it immoral.
  • Belkan Federation: The continued offensives of insurgents that are deemed effective well beyond what would be considered for Egyptian troops sees the Belkan expeditionary force to Egypt pivot its forces to handling the remainder of the issues regarding well equipped insurgents targeting the Suez Canal. With further extrapolation its noted that many of the captured have no family or friends inside Egypt and their dialect is hands down Arabian which raises even more questions. As a result of this, the insurgency targeting Suez becomes the primary focus this year as no quarter is given. If you are captured or enter into an engagement you are killed, or interrogated then killed. These captured men being unable to back up any connection to Egypt when captured are summarily impaled and the threat is made clear. If you are non-Egyptian and you make moves to aid the insurgency you will be killed in brutal and horrifying ways. Other movements specifically to win the hearts and minds of the people are continues or further launched as with the reactivation of Belkan industry many Egyptians are able to return to their old jobs as the agriculture and pre-textile industries as well as automotive industry are all relaunched in some form this year in order to put more Egyptians back to work. In order to effectively reclaim or gain one of these jobs a registration program is put into effect as well as incentives which would improve the quality of life for the family of said registrant. This sees huge numbers of influx as the promises of stability and a good wage motivate many to abandon their insurgency to take up a work mantle that would put many people back into work. The Egyptian military on its own having not been summarily dismissed also retains many of their jobs and they remain a large garrison, policing, and sentry force and now with Egypt's main cities secured as well as its centers of government the soldiers are even able to be paid directly out of Egypt's own tax production rather than being bankrolled entirely by the Belkan government even though for the elite units to keep them entirely loyal the Belkan army reorganized these elite units into the Black Guards divisions making up nearly 50,000 troops or five divisions which are clearly integrated into Belkan army framework in the expeditionary force. These Special forces are given special dispensation and orders to combat the insurgency with the collaborators being rewarded handsomely and with their service even offering up something unheard of. Belkan citizenship and hence guarantee for a better life in Belka or even possible rights to land in Belkan colonies. The Home economy continues its recovery as the feedback loop brought in by the colonies and the return in investment into Ethiopia, Burma, and Manila allows all three to begin their own recoveries the Belkan economy stands on much surer footing than it did not even two years ago where default was a legitimate possibility. The Belkan government effectively ignores the conflict between Russia, Germany, and Poland and instead just mans its defensive fortifications on the borders with both countries with about 200,000 men on each line and reservists are alerted to a possible need to call them into duty. The Colonies see major growth as places like Zaire, and Kanem both see major growth in their industries and mineral extraction. The Belkan navy begins looking for buyers of old equipment specifically ships.
  • Free Alaskan Republic: The economy recovers as the global trade recovers. Oil and ore exploitation and export of said resources rise, bringing small wealth to the average citizen. The doctrine of "Alaskan Laocracy is fully adapted now and the communities in the Oblasts get to elect their congresses. The decision by President Dzhugashvili is still a furiously debated topic because the Republic became a more or less single-party-dictatorship under the rule of the Vanguardists. Iossib Kosalechky makes a political comeback as he is elected into the city congress of Cinigrad, where he takes charge of the education sector of the city, as he is a former teacher and writer. Nestor Kosalechky is appointed as Prime Minister. Conscription is now implemented for every male Alaskan at age 18. Alaska slowly industrializes with a steel factory built in Resnov and a new wharf in Novoarchengelsk. Agriculture is encouraged in the south, where huge corn and barley fields are planned, to make Alaska less dependent on food imports. Fishing is now officially regulated, hunting whales is now illegal, except for a few extremely rural villages in the north, to survive the harsh winters when no ships can arrive. Ice Hockey becomes an incredibly popular sport and the newly formed national team already prepares for the next Winter Olympics, along with the various biathlon and skiing athletes.
  • Baltic Federation: With the decision made last year not to intervene in aggressive actions taken on behalf of Intermarium (in order to preserve our national defense systems to focus on Russian aggression), Council President Pavils Jansons announces that he will not interfere with the German intervention either. The military remains mobilized as fears of a Russian invasion continue unabated. Many on the Council fear that the Russians will turn around after fighting Poland and move on to hard-won Baltic lands. In sports news, we send a small delegation to the 1924 Summer Olympics in Berlin. Accompanying these athletes are diplomats and ambassadors who seek to improve relations with Germany. Domestically, the Federation Council - which has been governing as an emergency council based from leading members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Baltica - announces that elections will be held in 1926.
  • Imperial Swahili Federation: Agricultural productivity continues to rise with the introduction of industrial fertilizers, prompting a boost in population. The economy slowly recovers as unemployment is reduced. With the institution of the new personal taxes, which are soon increased to a top bracket of 60%, government revenue is secured and investments and charity boom. The campaign against gold continues and banknotes are promoted. With the growth in private charities, the government is able to redirect its new found income toward state investment in heavy industry, pharmaceuticals and scientific research. In particular, the military receives its first increase in budget since the end of the Liberation War, a sign interpreted by many as return to economic stability, resulting in a growth of confidence in the economy. The budget is tasked specifically for the Naval Department in response to the new Malta Naval Treaty. A series of research and development programs are implemented in order to adapt to the new generation of naval warfare. In particular, the focus is placed on how to overcome material disparity through training, knowledge of local water terrain, physical facilities and innovative tactics and weaponry. For the field of weaponry, three plans are devised: minelayers, naval bomber aircraft and torpedos. These weapons will be further experimented with in hopes that they can overcome an enemy greater in tonnage, numbers of ships and guns. Construction of infrastructure begins in the new territories following improvements in government finances. With the growing popularity of film and the number of trained and skilled artists working in kibonzos, animated films are made and shown in cinemas. Mwana Diya, a kibonzo artists, opens an animation studio with his brother Rajabu, the Diya Brothers Studios. The Emperor begins his tour of Europe, traveling to Scandinavia first to attend the funeral of Oscar II. He brought with him many Swahili films in order to improve Swahili's International Image. The delegation also seeks to attract European investment into Swahili, especially the new trade zone in Kismayo. Germany, Scandinavia, Russia, Arcadian nations and other foreign industrialised nations that hadn't previously invested in Swahili are specifically courted by the delegation. Swahili experts are sent to the GIOCPS nations to assist them in development.
  • Fontenist State of New Granada: With Aztlán mobilizing against the Aliançia, Olavo Dantes orders a military intervention against the Aliançia as 250,000 Men cross the Aztláni border to assist the Aztláni Fascist advancing within the neutral zone establishing a regional government led by Jacó Corte-Real (Fontenist State of Central Arcadia) soon arriving at the city of Guatemala in order to prepare for the long awaited offensive against the Aliançia. As the blockade continues, the Aliançia attempts to break through Fontenist Blockade in which the ensuing battle results in a New Granadian victory. In the South in the province of Amazonia, the Legion of Amazonia continues its guerrilla campaign launching a series of guerrilla attacks against Fontenista Forces as the Fontenist Government struggles to put down the Syndicalist Insurgents. Due to the increase of Syndicalist activity in the South, a full military crackdown is executed as 75,000 men under the command of Fontenista General Óscar Carvalho move in the region placing it under Martial Law. With the eruption of the Aztláni civil war and the Reconstruction period nearly over, New Granada begins to industrialize as New factories are built in order to contribute in New Granada’s war effort. In Late 1924, Arcadian diplomats arrive at Bogotá to negotiate a possible agreement between the Fascist Government and the Aliançia Rebels, though opposed Olavo Dantes states that he will give a delayed response. (Secret: In reality, Olavo Dantes and Fontenista High Command actually plan to launch a devastating offensive against the Aliançia in 1925 to prevent an FSA intervention. End of Secret) With Negotiations done New Granada begins recruiting Hawaiians into the New Granadian Army as the Fontenista Foreign Legion is form as an expeditionary force as 95,000 Hawaiians are recruited by the end of the year. With the New Fontenist State prospering, plans are made for a second Congress for the Fascist Internationale in 1926 or 1927 in order to prepare the expansion of the Internationale.

1925

Don't post until you sign or intentionally do not sign, doing so will count as a strike: https://althistory.wikia.com/wiki/Malta_Naval_Treaty_(Principia_Moderni_IV_Map_Game)

  • (It is recommended that you read it first)

The Belkan Economy struggles to support Belkan military adventures in Egypt. The cost of supporting a global colonial empire in the current economic climate becomes apparent as the value of the Belkan Ruble falls significantly against other major currencies. (Note: This is a year-long relatively shallow fall, so no really bad market shock.) Despite the feedback-loop that Belkan economists have been attempting to foster the economy enters a recession as businesses face rising costs to import materials.

The war in Egypt continues. Although Belkan forces now hold most of the country rebel sentiments are still high and it becomes clear to Belkan generals that a long-term military occupation will be necessary to permanently hold the country. One of the Junta members, Rear Admiral Zaaid el-Pashia, is killed in a blast in Cairo which causes 13 military casualties and 27 civilian dead. 

The global economic recovery commences in earnest this year as steady but slow growth takes hold across Arcadia, Laurentia, Western Europe, and Asia. The Indian Ocean region sees more sporadic uncertain growth but Arabia and Swahili both end the year with unemployment down roughly 2%. 

The United Kingdom, now the most dynamic and fastest growing economy in the world, begins a massive naval overhaul that brings its fleet in line with the Malta Naval Treaty. British capital ships are brought up to modern standards and 10,000-ton cruiser designs are created to fill the fleet.

The Unification of India begins with Aryavarta, Dravidia, and Kangra agreeing to join a federation with Magadh. Several violent outbreaks against Muslims occur across the new nation as Mosques are attacked and destroyed by enraged mobs.

Tensions between Russia and Germany reach a heightened state after a troop of Russian Cavalry soldiers are mistakenly ambushed by a German regiment in Poland. The Regiment then comes under artillery fire by Russian batteries after reports of unknown hostiles are made known.

The Aztláni economy booms in the Fascist-held areas as huge public works initiatives succeed in dragging the nation back into growth. 

  • Vinland: With the purchase of Bali from France. Bali is renamed New Vinland and we establish the AVN (Asian Vinlandic navy group) which consists of the VNN Vinland battleship and two of the Greenland-class destroyers (note: vand built the battleship for me). Phase Two of the Vinlandic army modernization and expansion is begun.
  • United States of Germany: Updates to the German uniform are made after experiencing combat. To better blend in with the terrain, the German uniform updates come with greener uniforms along with tan straps on the Stahlhelm to fit optionally leaves or other things (such as holding flashlights if they are invented already). Some unnecessary stuff like large bedrolls wrapped as bandoleers are removed and made more compact. MP24s (OTL MP28) are now in mass production and would be moved to have at least one outfitted for each German squad. Reaching Warsaw, German forces surrounds Polish forces in Warsaw to cut them off from the rest of their forces, while avoiding fights with the rest of the forces and begins a siege on it earlier in the year with 300,000 men (empty positions were filled from reserves) against 200,000 Poles in the city (the rest are in the countrysides). Later in the year, this results in the German capture of most of the city after suffering almost 80,000 casualties (KIA/MIA/WIA) and 5000 Germans were captured, while the Poles 100,000 suffered casualties (KIA/MIA/WIA) with 30,000 captured. (unless the Russians also capture the city, then German forces would capture only all of the Western side).  Kriegwulf (or Wulfkrieg) has been used is a program to train dogs (that meet certain requirements) to help protect/rescue wounded soldiers, cover a squad's retreat, flanking, reduce number of MIA units, or assist in clearing/scouting out buildings. Without them, the German casualties would have doubled. Speaking of reserves, the reserves back in the German homeland began construction of a defense line alongside the German-Polish border in-case the invasion fails. We apologize for the incident and we will offer to pay reparations/compensation after the war so we can move past this, a conflict at this level would be a huger cost than needed and would stall progress. We would invite Russia for plans on post-war Poland. (Russian response). We also urge Poland to surrender quickly. (Polish Response) (more to be added later)
  • Uniõ de Cádiz: Unemployment in the Union proper falls to 11.2% with strong projections moving forward. However, many of the employed could be considered underemployed. Public debt is essentially eliminated and the inflation rate is once again reduced to 2%. Madrid quickly becomes the financial capital of Western Europe as France, desperate for liquidity, takes on more debt from Union banks. The economy steadily improves and the government boosts expenditures on social support to help lift the poorest from poverty. The Technocratic Unionists maintain hold on the government and joins a faction with the Centerists, a small slightly conservative party that emphasizes separation of Church and State and responsible fiscal policy. The continued comparative advantage the Union maintains over its trade partners allows heavy industry to rebuild rapidly as industrial growth in France and the UK demands more heavy equipment. Herrero-Correia Industrial experiences a strong recovery as industrial demand leads to higher revenue. Demand for Fontes cars returns as wage growth resumes in earnest. Avia, having struggled through the depression receives a contract to develop a new series of planes the Avia L.20/25 and Avia B.20/25, a light interceptor and a light ground attack/tactical bomber (OTL Hawker F.20/27 and Hawker Hart). The Iberian Sun Power Company sees significantly improved profitability as municipalities, consumers, and industrial companies take out loans to reduce their overall long-term expenditure on coal. Several new solar-thermal plants begin construction this year alone. In the far south of Morocco the small greenhouses continue their spread along the desert coast. Water is drawn in by solar engines and windmills, which evaporates and humidifies the greenhouses and allows plant-life to flourish. The regional economy begins to reorient to these farming practices, and the systems are noticed by researchers at the University of Sevilla who receive a grant from the Moroccan government to study, improve, and develop the technology. Their work is complemented by a large glass plant that opens near the town of Tarfaya. Population estimates determine that there are 56.97 million in Iberia, 11.16 million native Moroccans in Morocco, 6.11 million Iberians in Morocco, 6.2 million European Algerians, and 3.60 million Native in Algerians, for a total of 84.04 million in the Union proper. Efforts to roll back the desert in southern Morocco continue, and the region starts to take on a more hospitable air as gullies, rivers, and streams are now lined with repeated banks of biomass in the form of wheat stalks, felled trees, palm fronds, and all other manner of plant matter. These banks, augmented by low dams, catch and store water while also improving the soil. In some areas human waste is actively imported to fertilize the soil and add much needed binding material to the sandy soil. There are still years to go before the area will produce significant food crops, but the hope is that this cultivative work will allow for orchards to line the banks of natural water formations. This work is overseen by researchers from the University of Sevilla’s Arid Ecology Department, but is done by the local farmers who were settled there recently. Military research continues, but is slow as funding constraints prohibit grand inventions. The Sandoval M17A SAR becomes the national service rifle and enters production as rapidly as possible. Thankfully, despite the last minute change to the design, the overall deliver date is set in 1927 for the first 250,000. Sandoval continues work on the rifle and a new variant is produced for cavalry units, the M17B SAR, this variant has a smaller stock and a reduced length barrel. Formal Embargos are issued for all nations who have chosen not to sign the Malta Naval Treaty.
    • República de las Antillas Ibéricas: A referendum on integration fails this year as the distance to the Union proper is too great. Regardless the economy begins improving after several years of extremely poor prospects.
    • Las Repúblicas Colonias: Growth returns to the republic as demand from the United Kingdom drags raw material production higher. In Angola factories, mills, and refineries spring back to life as demand returns. Meanwhile, Senegay-Guinea experiences some of the industrialization found in Angola’s growth. Transportation networks are repaired in all countries after a decade of poor maintenance.
  • India/Bharatvarsha/Bharat: The Treaty of Mysore is signed on 1 January 1925. The Constituent Assembly is formed with the merger of the Grand Council of Dravidia, the Council of Aryavarta and the Council of Magadh. The King of Kangra is also a member of the assembly. The representation of the various regions is on the basis of the population and the date is taken from the latest censuses of the four states. The Constituent Assembly convenes in the Parishad Sadan (Chamber of the Council) in Pataliputra for almost everyday till 27 October when the new constitution is signed, adopted and enacted. The new Constitution establishes India as a federal democratic republic based on the Dravidian-British democratic model (The new Constitution is smaller than the OTL Indian Constitution). The state would have a bicameral legislature at the Union level and a unicameral legislature at the state level. The first elections are scheduled for March, next year. The country is divided into various states based on ethnolinguistic lines. These are the states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu (much smaller than OTL), Karnataka, Rayalaseema, Karnad, Telangana, Marathwar (Maharashtra minus Vidarbha minus southern areas), Gujarat, Sindh, Punjab, Rajputana, Uttarakhand, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Magadh, Bengal (most of Bangladesh+Tripura), Assam, Orissa, Vidarbha (Eastern Maharashtra+ Southern Chattisgarh), Purvanchal (OTL Bhutan+Sikkim+Arunachal+Nagaland), Manipur (Manipur+Mizoram), Goa and Chittagong. That is a total of 23 states. Dominated by Indian nationalists and Hindus, the assembly unanimously elects Sanskrit as the national language while Hindi (highly Sanskritised)becomes the official language. (Note: This Hindi is quite different from OTL Hindi. Also Hindi was chosen because it is compatible with most of the languages spoken in India, including Dakhini which is the main language in the Southern part of the country, essentially the lingua franca of the Dravidia and widely spoken in OTL Karnataka and Andhra. Moreover this is a highly Sanskritised version). After the Constituent Assembly was set up, a small 50 member council was also set up to take care of the day-to-day administrative needs of the nation till the new Constitution is enacted. Anti-Muslim resentment grows and large scale communal violence erupts in the South. Communal violence is relatively low in the Northern and Eastern parts because of a lower Muslim population. The state of Tamil Nadu in the south also remains relatively peaceful. However, anti-Muslim sentiment is high. The newly formed government is unable to do anything significant to stop the violence. This only works to hasten the outward movement of Muslims and the government is able to help them move out peacefully through the ports. A large number of them moving to Uluru, Africa and the Western nations. The Police force is reorganised with the states maintaining their own police forces. The British-era National Police Academy is located in Mount Abu, Rajasthan. The Army is reorganised under General Vivek Beri. The Army is comprised of 500,000 professional troops of the Sepoy army divided into regiments based on ethnicity and caste. The army is equipped with WW1-era British small arms and artillery. The navy is put under the command of Admiral Ganesh Wankhede. The Navy consists of 84 ships. With most of them purchased from the Burgundian Navy. This includes two battlecruisers, four armoured cruisers, ten light cruisers, ten submarines and (46+12) destroyers, with 46 being bought from Burgundy by Magadh and the other 12 being constructed by Dravidia and Aryavarta for their navies. The Navy takes up the headquarters of the erstwhile Dravidian Navy in the major port city of Kollam. With the navy restricted by the treaty, it is decided that air power will be used extensively to protect Indian waters. The Naval Air Wing is set up. The government hires private companies who send people to Europe, Arcadia and Laurentian to hire WW1 veterans and aviation experts and engineers for the task. The interim Council lays down plans for a buildup of infrastructure. The Indian Railways Authority is set up as a regulatory authority and Railway Assets are auctioned by the IRA to be run by Indian enterprises. The railways are reorganised. Expansion of the railways stops for the year.
  • Great Empire of China–Korea: With the end of deflationary conditions, the economy rises modestly, with unemployment falling to 2%; though the proportion of underemployment remains high at 25%. The occupation of both Japan and Burgundian Indochina has ushered into a new era of nationalism and the end of decades of a semi-isolationist foreign policy – one marked with non-interventionism and a strict defense-oriented military policy. The five associated states of China–Korea are each granted five seats within the Lower Secretariat, while the provisional governments of occupied Indochina and Japan send five non-voting members until their full admission into the Compact of Free Association. Prime Minister Gao Huangfu issues a speech in support of pan-Asian nationalism and cooperation–commending the Belkan move to grant independence to Burma and Tondo, as well as Iberia and France's progressive treatment of their colonies. He also promises to use his position as Prime Minister and China–Korea's status as the sole non-Western power to advance to promote human rights, peace, and prosperity on an international scale. With a surge in national wealth and education levels, intellectual and artistic pursuits become common within the youth. After public pressure, the Grand Secretariat reduces the maximum sentence for victimless crimes to life in prison, while public hanging is now banned and regulations are established to ensure proper calculation as to cause neck fracture and instant loss of consciousness (thus minimizing the pain). The film industry experiences a notable boom due to the proliferation of liberal attitudes (leading to the repeal of the last of the province-level morality laws), increased urbanization and theatre attendance. The dominant genre remains melodrama and historical epics, usually being accompanied with background music (but no talking), with a few feature films being in full color. The Toll of the Sea, a Chinese-language film adaptation of the Italian play Madama Butterfly, becomes the highest-grossing film in China–Korea and its associated states and receive critical acclaim, propelling its head actress Zhen Jimei as well as Hong Kong-born Belkan actor Andréj Pekarov to stardom. Due to a surge in wealth, many households purchase radios, consumer appliances, and record players. Literature and the visuals art also flourish, with fiction (especially romance and post-apocalyptic novels) and the art genres of surrealism and impressionism becoming vastly popular. Asides from painting and other two-dimensional art forms, many artists also make sculptures and explore other three-dimensional mediums–with more conservative ones made with marble or bronze (or material mimicking them) similar to Greco–Roman statues, while others use less conventional material; many are placed in exhibitions for the public to see. Seoul and Shanghai become international centers of fashion and socialite culture, with many high-end Chinese and Korean fashion houses and brands basing themselves there. Magazines–usually catering to a female or a younger audience–become popular, while there is a resurgence in the usage of cosmetics and skincare products, solidifying China–Korea's leadership in that cosmetics sector. Within all urban centers, the rapid construction of high-end shopping arcades, indoor markets, and dermatological clinics once again commences due to active encouragement of private consumption and recent breakthroughs in medical technology. With the ratification of the Malta Naval Treaty, the number of active battleships is reduced to 12, consisting of six Dalyeon-class battleships (each displacing 32,200 tons), and six modified Huanglong-class battlecruisers (each displacing 26,000 tons). Their undersea armor is removed to reduce displacement, while their 4 x twin 14" guns are placed with 4 x twin 16" guns; as a result of these modifications, they are redesignated as fast battleships. One each of the Ningbo, Liaoning, Goryeo, and Gaya-class battleships have their guns replaced with replicas, conducting a three-month tour of China–Korea and its protectorates' major ports, before being stationed in Nanjing as museum ships. In addition, a pair of Huanglong-class battlecruisers is disarmed and become training ships. Since Burgundy and Borealia have not yet ratified the Malta Naval Treaty, eight more capital ships (half being the Gaya-class, and half being the Huanglong-class) are placed into reserve until then. Two Lingshan-class heavy cruisers (each displacing 7,100 tons) are built. Instead of being constructed with six 8" semi-turrets (as in the previous Guying-class), they are constructed with three twin turrets. Similarly, its secondary armament is replaced with 4 x 4.7" guns. Apart from other minor modifications, they have identical machinery and armor layout. Eight destroyers of the newly-designed Chuixue-class are built. Displacing at 1,750 tons, each destroyer has a main battery consisting of 5" guns mounted in pairs in three weather-proof, splinter-proof, gas-tight gun turrets. These guns are dual-purpose and could be elevated to 70 degrees. Ammunition was brought up on hoists from magazines located directly underneath each gun turret, maximizing the rate of fire. In addition, two light cruisers and five submarines are built (a total of 17 ships). In all, the Sino–Korean Imperial Navy consists of 12 capital ships, 16 heavy cruisers, 32 light cruisers, 128 destroyers, and 60 submarines; though many are going to be scrapped in the coming years due to replacement with newer, more advanced models. Educational attainment rises, with increasing enrollment in state-owned imperial universities, as well as private institutions. China–Korea continues economic development, with increased development of its heavy industries. There is an increased emphasis on domestic consumption over exports, though the volume of trade booms due to the four-fold reduction in tariffs (from 20% to 5%). Immigration to the Papua Territory continues, with the Papua Separation Act moving half of aboriginal Papuans to reservations in the mountains; while in coastal areas, "separate but equal" facilities and buildings are maintained to separate mainland settlers from natives. Mixed-individuals, or natives who have Chinese or Korean spouses, are given permission to utilize facilities or enter buildings designated to mainland settlers. The economy flourishes due to the cultivation of cash crops such as plantains, coffee, and sugar.
    • Higher, but still single digits. -Steph
  • FS of Arcadia: The official trial of President and Grand Admiral Lyev Fridrik Konstantinovich begins. On the First day the Juries read out Constitution do that his presidency know what the law is that he ought to be following. This reading of the constitution is done to show that this trial is indeed legal and fair. This trial lets Lyev choose defendant and his own lawyer , but at the same time his accusers have the ability to choose their own witnesses. One of the Witnesses of the Accusers being Vincent Neri. As this trial is being held in new Constantinople, it getting some visitors to watch into here as good as possible about this trial. The first thing that Lyev is accused of is the sinking of a civilian ship during the Great War. Which is denied by him. While the accusers tried to show enough proof, the jury lets go of this accusation due to the lack of good evidence. He's accused of is the censoring of the media. The accusers showing some of the intercepted letters of Fridrik , to the jury. These letters show that he had ordered the Local law enforcement to arrest and seize some newspapers and other forms of Media , one of the most censored newspapers being an anarchist and the government and pacifist newspaper with the name "new Liberty". It has been decided after this, that is final punishment will be after all other accusals are dealt with. But each breaking up will have its own punishment which will be combined in a total package of his final punishment for all of his crimes. Technocrats accuse him of The Breaking of the secular nature of the Federated States , as combination of state and church isn't allowed but splitting the power equally and lawfully is allowed this may seem was small difference but this has a big difference for this Accusation. This accusation is easly proven due to the recently shown Letter of Lyev to the Culoden church, when the juries asked if he thinks that he is guilty he replied with one thing " I am not guilty of anything that I didn't say I did not write this letter I call this a Forged letter". He believes that this letter is a political attack from the technocrats and from other factions within the Federated States of Arcadia. The technocrats also accuse him of holding two positions at the same time which is by the constitution deemed illegal and ought to be impossible. On this he agrees to plead guilty as he knows that he did do that, but who argues that there was no other choice as he believed the Federated States were threatened by the recession and war recovery that was going on. There are also some minor crimes that he has been accused of committing. One of these accusations is dueling which is deemed illegal in some of the Federated States and there has been sugestive proof that he has gone dueling in some of those States. After much discussion the judges come to a conclusion President and Grand Admiral Lyev Fridrik Konstantinovich did not only break laws he broke what some call Arcadian decency. They punish him by removing him from every post he held and by retaking all the honours he had for it . He also gets imprisoned for five years and after that house arrest for 20 years. The jury also decides that the 1921 constitution will not be followed anymore, and until a new constitution is made though 1891 constitution will be held.Many tried to write a constitution for the Federated States the most important being from Reginald Copas, a Texan Plumber. This so-called Yanaguana Constitution is based around giving states even more rights and right at their own army, this version makes it that the Federated States is basically a Union instead of a Federal State. After a Vote in the Parliament the constitution is not aproved as it got 30% yes vote on it. After this the Technocrat Theodore Walter Pickler, write a Constitution based on the technocrat model. It discribes first and for all the Job of Arcadia to be "Protect and take care, work and efficiency". This constitution would replace the Office of President by the Technocratic office of General Director. It would also make it so that each field of knowledge would have their own Districts that can overlap and be totaly different from field to field. This would complicate Administration which would be done by Departments. This constitution is considered for voting, but before this could happen they made some changes and officially called it The Technocracy Constitution. This Version of the Walter Constitution is regarded as clearer and less confusing. On August 3rd they began the vote on this Constitution and right when this happened supporters of it began to gather around the Parliament building and after 75% of the vote is counted and looking like they won. They began to demand that Ludwig Wachter officially declares the Technate. After some discussion with his party members they decide to go to the Parliamentary balcony and, Ludwig officially declares at midnight of the 3rd-4th the Technate of Arcadia and that "The New Age for the people has begun - no more politicians, only professionals".A song for the first time has Broken records with the Radio Katzepiano getting 100,000 listeners at 27th of August, the song that was called "Dixie" which was a name for the region of Texas and some of Providence. Director of Foreign Affairs, Theodore Walter Pickler, who is specialised in Native and Jewish history also begins to draft a possible treaty as he believes that the Federated States is the land that is closest to the promised land in Arcadia. He proposed the "Declaration on the Rights of Jewish Settlement"  
  • Kingdom of Burgundy: Following the signing of the Malta treaty under the strongest possible protest, the Navy goes through a further reorganization. With a pathetic amount of tonnage allotted to Burgundy, in relation to the size of its overseas empire, it is decided to devolve military resources to safeguard the empires security. The MJK Defense Command is established, creating a uniform naval chain of command pooling the resources of Maryland, Jaymaika, and Kuba. Several older battleships and battlecruisers are transferred to form the core of this fleet. In a similar manner, the East Indian United Defense Command is created to ensure the effective defense of the southeast Asian protectorates. The fleet also sees several older capital ships transferred to it. For the time, the vast majority of the crews are the ships’ old Burgundian compliments augmented by Malayan naval personnel, but with the establishment of the Singapur Naval College, its curriculum virtually identical to the Burgundian Naval Academy and open to applicants from all EIUDC members plus Ceylon and Nieuw Zeeland, it is planned to rotate the Burgundians home as more native men are trained. The Royal Ceylonese and Royal Nieuw Zeeland Navies are also established. Back home, the recently completed SMS Guyana departs Burgundy to assume its position as the new flagship of the Royal Guyanan Navy. Of Guyanas four sisters, only Eisenbastard remains in service, with Sint Sigismund, Austrasien, Graf Roosevelt reclassified as training ships, having their armored belts, secondary armament, and two of their main battery turrets removed. With the Rhenish Revolt ended and the economy recovering, work resumes on the aircraft carriers Lexington and Saratoga. According to published data, they carry 45 aircraft apiece, and a standard displacement of 27,000 tons, therefore in line with the Malta Naval Treaty. Both ships are finally launched this year, with expected commissioning dates for 1927. Burgundian industry sees further regrowth, spurred on by the construction of what’s been dubbed, the Zuiderzeewerken. The island of Wieringen was connected via a dike last year, and the next phase, the full enclosure dike stretching from Holland to Friesland, is schedule to commence in 1926, with the stockpiling of equipment and material to allow a steady pace of construction.
  • Borealia: In sports, the nation prepares for the Arcadian Games in Tenochtitlán, Aztlán next year, as well as the Winter Olympics in Stockholm. In the wake of the naval treaty, the navy sees downsizing. Dozens of ships are sold to our allies, such as Maryland, Kuba, Kap Karel, Aceh, Sumatra, Malaya, Borneo, Java, etc, to increase their fleets while decreasing our own. Several older ships are scrapped, with numerous battleships becoming museum ships. In every major city on the coast museum ships are left, becoming a popular attraction and instilling naval pride. The nation's carriers are to be decomissioned so that smaller carriers can eventually be constructed, and carriers will also have their air wing cut it half. The air force continues to see growth, with state-of-the-art planes being produced for the air force, and many more being produced for commercial flights and private use. In Jaymaika a man named Marcus Goewey becomes a voice for black nationalism and anti-colonialism, and is also quoted as saying, "Look to Africa, when a black king shall be crowned, for the day of deliverance is near." One of the most famous groups in Maryland, the Original Dixieland Jass Band, disbands and separates, but not before many of their recordings become popular around the region. In New Amsterdam the Jan Holtman Orchestra becomes a popular music group, incorporating improvisation, call-response interplay, and other musical developments. Musicians such as Lowie Armsterk join the band and become famous soloists. The first ever "Academy Awards" are held in New Amsterdam to honor the best films of the year. Additionally a foundation for music is founded, which looks into hosting an award for music known as the Grammys.
  • Kingdom of Arabia: The king officiates gridiron teams across the nation, training to compete along fellow western nations in the world gridiron competitions. The economy has fully recovered now, with industry growing faster than in pre-war levels. The year begins with unemployment at 2%, but as many people without jobs are finding more opportunities in agriculture and Iranian settlement, the unemployment rate fluctuates across the year, falling to almost zero percent by the end of the year. Seeing the dire condition of Belka's economy, Arab corporations seize the opportunity to rapidly buy up stock from international businesses based in Belka. By the end of the year, most of the medium-sized corporations in the region have been bought into by Arabian citizens. Arabia accepts amendments to the Malta Naval Treaty, and our fully-completed navy is structured accodingly. However, as we still have more ships than the treaty permitted, in spite of our industrial capacity, we decide to sell off three dreadnoughts to our ally Uluru. Traditional Arab music, including Baroque music from the Rashidun era, have evolved in the younger generation to create modern Arab jazz. Comic books by Moomtaz publications continue to be popular, now owning rights to radio shows. One Arab author of science fiction, Yusuf Arafat, coins the term Alien Space Bats to refer to unbelievable or impossible situations. Unification in India is given as a primary example of this, as it is well known in Arabia that the vast majority of people in the region would be against a political movement that disrupted individual cultures, economies and religions. In Egypt, the Shay Al-Nass denies any sympathy for the terrorist acts against Belka, but nonetheless urges with support of the Caliph that the only sensible end to the conflict must conclude with complete withdrawal from the region. Secretly, we still support insurgents in Egypt. End secret. Illegal immigration continues to be attempted by many Arabs into Belkan Maghreb, for the sake of their families in the region. Arabia strongly condemns discriminatory and violent acts by Belka against completely innocent and peaceful immigration in the region, and an official report is published to the western world on the complete barbarity and the violation of human decency. The deal with Arcadia is accepted, and in order to increase the productivity of our military, we allow 90,000 Jews to immigrate from Palestine to Arcadia.
    • Unemployment is DOWN 2%, not down to 2%. -Steph
  • Empire of Uluru: With the Arcadian purchase of Bathurst Island from us, we begin withdrawing from the island as agreed upon and transporting it to Arcadian control. We also begin the construction of a submarine fleet, intended to defend Ulurun waters more easily, constructing 15 new submarines this year, employing the designs for Eisenberg U-Boats, which we purchased from Arcadia as part of the deal for giving them Bathurst island, and using them to begin patrolling Ulurun waters. We also begin using Ruby Pistols, which were also part of the deal, in our army, with them soon becoming the standard issue sidearm in the Ulurun Army. The large number of Muslim refugees fleeing from communal violence in India's sudden arrival comes completely unexpectedly and we have much difficulty integrating them. However, following our generally pretty open immigration policy and due to a vast hunger for more manpower in the face of the many deaths caused in recent years from our war for independence and, especially, from the Trench Flu, we are able to take many of them in and begin employing them in various jobs. However, many of these immigrants are taken advantage of by those in charge of the various workplaces (such as factories or shipyards) and employed as cheap labor (often underpaid) in various places and also causes many Ulurun Citizen workers to be laid off by greedy bosses, who then employ cheaper immigrant labor. This and the many immigrants unable to find employment despite these policies results in the unemployment rate, which had shrunk to 11.2% over the last few years, suddenly increasing by 2% to 13.2% as a result of laid off workers and unemployed immigrants. However, most of these immigrants are able to successfully find employment, mostly in the agricultural industry, as many are directed to settle in the rural regions of Uluru to further increase our massive crop yields, and many actually end up being directed to the Mparntwe and other lowly populated but resource-rich areas to help exploit them, with it becoming a major sourse of employment for them and other groups, especially those who were already unemployed or recently became so. We begin attempting to increase our navy, building a further seven ships this year, most of which are cruisers, and adding them to the existing Ulurun navy. We also accept Arabia's offer to buy three of their dreadnoughts as part of the effort to increase our naval power, and finally finish construction on the third and fourth Ulurun dreadnoughts. The town begins to undergo heavy population growth an expansion as it becomes a major area of trade with Arcadia through Bathurst Island and also receives many of the Indian Islamic immigrants, vastly increasing the population by thousands at an amazingly fast pace. The Naval Academy of Ngarrindjeri is founded. Trade flourishes with the nations around us, and continues to steadily aid massively in the recovery of the Empire's economy. The Prince and current Emperor's heir becomes increasingly influenced by the Burgundian ambassador's son, and begins considering converting to Catholic Christianity. Influenced by other GIOCPS members, we officially create the first Ulurun Giridion team.
  • Imperial Swahili Federation: Agricultural productivity continues to rise with the introduction of industrial fertilizers, prompting a boost in population. With the signing of the Malta Naval Treaty, a new naval plan is devised. Cruisers and destroyers, which have been over-produced during the Liberation War, is refitted to test concepts of offensive minelaying and torpedo warfare. A research and development plan for submarines is also formulated by the Ministry of the Sea. The now out-of-date Zanzibar-class battleships and the salvaged British ships in the Battle of Kismayo are planned to be scrapped next year in a series of naval experiments. With the arrival of Muslim immigration from India, the lack of manpower from the Trench Flu has been significantly alleviated. They are resettled in many of the newly acquired territories. The arrival of the immigrants, bringing new demands for consumer goods, as well as the generally recovering economic atmosphere, meant that the unemployment rate decreased by 2% this year. Bolstered by economic success, the Federal, Imperial and State governments begin a campaign of structural reforms and government investment into competitive Swahili industries and research. Swahili firms are now open to foreign investment and foreign capital is allowed to purchase a noncontrolling stake in Swahili corporations. The Swahili Academy of Sciences and the Swahili Academy of Engineering is founded as part of this investment and research campign. With the restructuring of Swahili Federal finances following the new tax scheme, the Federal Government has ended with a budget surplus this year. An ambitious public works plan is thus devised to modernise the productive facilities and infrastructure of Swahili as to boost interstate commerce and improve Swahili competitiveness. A main focus of the public works campaign is the electrification of the Swahili rail system and the electrification and major Swahili towns. The construction of several power plants are thus planned. The film, literature, kibonzo and animation industries continue to rise in popularity. The Swahili author Hassian Soyinka publishes With Fire and Steel, an epic work on the Swahili civil war. In the Imperial School of Africa, Pan-Africanism and philosophical Bayabism has united to create a radical ideology. While the Federal government attempted to suppress it to maintain political stability, the school itself is protected under the principles of academic freedom by the Emperor. Many of the individuals associated with this ideology are banned from leaving the Imperial School, though some has escaped. The Swahili government has issued an international warrant and wish African authorities to return them to Swahili if they were found. With cooperation from the University of Sevilla, plant stalks, felled trees, palm fronds and other organic waste are placed in the Somalia desert for the formation of natural water sources. The Emperor arrives at Zanzibar after his tour of Europe, visiting Russia, Scandinavia, Germany, France, Iberia, Burgundy, Italy and Belka.  Trade deals and foreign investments are requested with these countries and especially Burgundy, Russia, Scandinavia and Germany as they were previously less involved in the Swahili market. 
    • Swahili Diplomacy to Uluru: We strongly urge Uluru to reconsider signing the Malta Naval Treaty, stating that the treaty provisions are similar to what Uluru could feasibly support with their economy. 
    • Uluru Response: We thank Swahili for their concern, but tell them we already changed our mind and signed the treaty. 
  • France: Reconstruction finishes, and the military has reached its quota of a peacetime standing of 450,000. Some small but influential women's rights movements are successful in giving women the right to vote. Futbol de Grillefer is nationalized nationwide, becoming ever so popular year by year. In the first official European Finals, the Marseilles Wolves defeat the Dresden Eagles 18-16, winning the first ever pan-European Gridiron League championship after going 11-0 in the regular season. The territories annexed from the war begin seeing general incorporation. The recently acquired territory of Dutch West Africa continues to be incorporated into the French West African state, and is expected to be finished by 1927. Siam begins seeing proper return to agricultural prosperity. A better version of the radio is created for government use, helping to replace elongated communication lines. Most colonial armies in Africa are updated with surplus army materials, including automated machine guns, tanks, and small numbers of airplanes. Merchant investment into Persia is given to better align the Persian state with France than Arabia, especially since most talks of investment include how Persia is still dependent on Arabia for power when they could transition to France and become an economic and military power. The French unemployment rate decreases to 13%, as the economy slowly but surely revives itself. A French nationalist known as Pierre Calvet begins making headlines as his promising of the return of a powerful and uncontested French Empire has received large support, knocking out most of his opposition in any political race or just in general. He is supported by most army generals and admirals, such as Louis Bellegarde and Léon Maitre. In the year, Pierre Calvet succeeds in gaining the position of President, and soon economist Lucas Clérico begins enacting large economic reform, such as the forbidding of the sending of money out of France and its EEA partners the UK and Iberia. Foreign trade is reduced largely to barter agreements and put strict limits on imports, especially due to the resources and agricultural needs all resourced in both the mainland and French Africa. The private industry is compelled to reinvest its profits in manufacturing approved by the state. Public works are reduced as to better fund the military and most of its major adventures. Although slightly increasing government debt, the further rise of the economy after these reforms seems to be seen as good and alleviating of the pressure.  
  • Nepal: The government of Nepal is established in 1925 with a newly elected Prime Minister, and the Prime Minister ordered the establishment of the Nepali Armed Forces, in which the state needs to stay intact if a war breaks out between either India or China. The Prime Minister ordered a set of rules to be put into place and action for this governing system to fully be functional. There is no city in the area, as the area is occupied by native tribes of Nepal, so our Prime Minister ordered a city to be built. The sovereign state began to develop a coherent economy strategy, stabilize the economy by natural resources and trading between other surrounding nations. As the nation is landlocked, no naval bases were built. However, the Nepali forces are planning to build air force bases across land areas. Population estimates at 70,000 civilians, most of the population is from the Native tribes of Nepali, the Kshetri tribe. Most of the nations around Nepal are either infrequent from the war or just weakened in military strength.

1926

The United Kingdom pulls out of the European Economic Area Defensive Agreement citing a lack of alignment in interests, different government forms, and the lack of military assistance in the Anglo-Uluran War, the Anglo-Swahili War, and the Anglo-Indian War. The event becomes known as Brexit and causes a small recession in the UK.

The UK’s exit from the EEADA causes markets in Europe to reel and another recession sets in. Growth stalls worldwide as ripples from the recession in Europe reduce global demand for raw materials. With Belka still in recession, there is little preventing further collapse.

Laborers in Savannah, having faced over a decade of hardship and war, go on a general strike following the aftershocks of the global recession. The country descends into chaos as much of the armed forces and the national police mutiny over poor pay, conditions, and the constant state of martial law in the territory seized from New England. Syndicalists, promising progress and equality spring up throughout the major cities.

In the chaos in Savannah, New English nationalists lead a relatively successful rebellion. The uprising manages to seize the entirety of the Ohio River Valley, and engages government forces in the hills to the south.

New England, even worse off than Savannah, sees its economy crash and workers take to the streets. With the news of rebellion in Savannah, a large contingent of 35,000 unemployed veterans, armed with modern surplus from the Great War cross the Ohio and launch an informal war to retake southern New England.

The Belkan economy stabilizes early in the year, but following the Brexit shock returns to recession. Government forces now nominally hold all of Egypt, but there are still frequent attacks meant to spread fear and sap the Belkan will to maintain the occupation. Despite this, the conditions in the north and far south begin to improve as Belkan anti-terror policies are moderately successful in destroying cells.

Poland capitulates in January with no way to counter the Russian or German forces.

  • Savannah: Savannah: The nation slowly recovers from the war and from economic hardship. The territories that were captured are slowly integrated into Savannah's society, as there was not a major seizure of people. The rumor that there was martial law in the territories is dispelled, as they have been full states for some time. Nontheless pay is increased for the military, although the military was heavily demobilized and downsized recently, and they remain guarding the border. Syndicalists gain a rise in popularity, although people are weary of them after their first attempt at ruling the country not long ago. The military is mobilized to crush the rebellion/invasion of our territory, with some 300,000 men being sent to defend our territory. As Virginia is now one of the most productive and well integrated areas of the nation, as it is home to major industry, the defensive border, and major infrastructure, this area is prepared to repulse the rebel attack.
    • Yes, there are people there, and no you cannot just ignore the event and say it's not so - especially without a post history since the war. Additionally, the land you seized in OTL Virginia is some of the most rural in the region and is in no way industrialized. -Steph
    • Although I did not post consistently in the 1920s, during the war and immediately after, Borealia sand I stated they heavily built up Norfolk, the railroads through that region, and the industry there. I was mostly referring to that, not the western parts of it. I said "are integrated" as in, I am I currently doing so now, and why did you cross out "was not a major seizure of people"? I am saying that the population captured is not considerably large, and you then say that the area is the most rural in the region, so which is it. You also should not have crossed out the thing about martial law because I said in my turn nothing of martial law and on the contrary said they would be integrated as states.
  • Russia: With Poland surrendering after another year of hard fighting against a bitter population, the troops are positioned to occupy everything east of the Vistula. Colonel Ivan Orlovsky begins testing with parachutes and bomber aircraft as transports to drop troops behind enemy lines in a war. On a new album of his heavy sounding folk, Roman Gruzinsky uses a modified hollow body guitar on a vinyl recording and makes a hit song called "Tattoo'd Lady". What's unique is that this guitar's sound comes out of the guitar, and a speaker making it the first recorded use of an electric guitar. He makes note of this in his late year single "Shin Kicker". Following a near collision in an automobile, the speaker fell out of the car and when plugged in made a very harsh sound which Roman loved, and recorded the song in a complete different way. Secretly the military high command starts to formulate Operation: Teutonic, the retaking of the Baltics, and resettlement of the displaced populations.
  • Alaska: The laocracy flourishes under the government encouraged progressivism and job creation. The population officially hits the 500,000 in April. The Vanguardist party spreads its influence into the trade unions of the miners and farmers, where agitators visit the workplaces regularly. President Dzhugashvili and the supreme council of Alaska start a massive industrialization campaign, where a road network between the major coastal cities is planned, along them settlements with factories are planned. A big tractor and truck factory is build in St. Paul, Novokavkaz. Here are vehicles for both military and civil use build. It is the firs "democratized workplace" in Alaska that is opened as such. (Secret) The Alaskan secret service starts to fund the workers uprisings in New England and Savannah in order to counter the fascist influence over Arcadia. (Secret End) First attempts to use snowmobiles are started where the framework of a motorbike is attached to skis at the axle of the front wheel and the back wheel is modified with a rotating shovel-like plough to get through the snow, These vehicles are called snow-bikes and are meant to replace the dogsleds but these vehicles are still an experimental way to get around. The Alaskan-German writer Wilhelm Anschel Kafka publishes a series of bizarre and depressing short stories, that start a trend in Alaskan literature. It includes bizarre, nightmarelike stories and depressing scenes. Radio becomes a nationwide source of information and entertainment, also in the northern rural areas.
  • India: Pataliputra is chosen as the capital. The elections to the national and state legislatures are held simultaneously in March and April. The results are declared in May and the interim council is dissolved. (More later) The Bharatiya Ekeekaran Morcha (BEM; Front for the unification of India) wins 94 seats becoming the second largest party in the lower house. The Bharatiya Rashtriya Parishad (BRP; Indian National Council) wins 223 of the 342 seats. The rest of the seats were won by independent candidates. The BRP is composed of the ex-council members of the three states. The BRP also forms the government in 18 of the 23 state legislatures with an absolute majority with the BEM forming the government in five states (Telangana, Rayalaseema, Vidarbha, Gujarat and Sindh). The upper house is elected by the state legislatures and the elections were held in May. The BRP also gained an absolute majority in the upper house. Sanjiv Reddy is elected President and Ashish Kumar as Vice President by the upper house. Nitin Wali of the BRP becomes the Prime Minister. Sudhansu Sekhar Das of the BRP becomes the Speaker of the lower house. Kapil Kapur, chairman of the BEM become the Leader of the Opposition. Communal violence subsides, however, anti-Muslim sentiment remains high and an even larger number of Muslims are moving out as they are able to peacefully resettle in the new states. The migration is mainly toward Swahili and Uluru. With the outward movement of Muslims, mainly from the rural migration a massive internal migration which had started before, become apparent as millions move southward and westward to take over the land leftover. This has a great effect as underemployment, widespread in the Indian agricultural sector is reduced significantly. Gandhi ji begins to tour the regions affected by the violence and is able to calm the people in many areas. The newly elected Government initiates major reforms and passes major acts. A new uniform and simple tax system is implemented making revenue collection easier. A land value tax on the raw value of land is implemented, Income tax on corporations and individuals on slabs based on their income with low income groups and enterprises being exempted. and a tax on alcoholic drinks, drugs (only cannabis is allowed, that, too, in the form of Bhang only) and tobacco. It is decided that the government will promote formal education in the cities and more traditional forms in the villages. A good part of the revenue generated is spent toward the establishment of public schools in all the cities. The Charity schools established by the British and the other large traditional institutions are bunched under the Ministry of Education and reformed to the new curriculum based on the Magadhi curriculum developed a few years earlier. Education in the cities is nationalised and religious organisations are banned from running educational institutions. New schools are setup in the cities. The government passes the Education Act of 1925 making education for boys and girls between six and 16 years compulsory in the urban areas. The age of consent is set to 16 for boys and girls. The Land Acquisition Act is also passed allowing companies to buy land freely as the government adopts a position favourable to the corporations. Export Tariffs are abolished and import tariffs are kept at a moderate level. The railways begins to expand on a PPP (Public Private Partnership) model with various corporations collaborating with the IRA. We request to open trade and diplomatic relations with China-Korea and Belka. (PLAYER RESPONSE NEEDED)
    • China–Korea: China–Korea agrees and offers to establish an embassy in India (and vice versa), though will stress that China–Korea will not tolerate further persecution of and discrimination against Muslims and in particular, Christians.
    • German Dip: The German government offers to India about discussions of a trade deal (can respond next turn).
    • Belkan Dip: We agree to trade and diplomatic relations and are willing to discuss certain trade deals with India.
  • Empire of Uluru: The withdrawal of the UK from the EEA is secretly celebrated by the Ulurun government, as it is hoped that their leaving the organization will make the other members more likely to be willing to negotiate with us. As a result, We once again wish to open diplomatic and trade relations with Iberia and France, as they are major powers with colonies near us, and we wish for a mutually beneficial relationship (FRENCH AND IBERIA RESPONSE NEEDED!), we also desire to open trade and diplomatic relations with China-Korea, and to open embassies in Beijing and Seoul (CHINA RESPONSE NEEDED!). Our industrialization process begins to speed up again as the unemployment rate falls and the economy improves once more, with unemployment slowly falling by 3% by the end of the year. More and more Islamic immigrants fleeing persecution and violence in India flood Uluru and, now that we are more prepared to receive them, this is welcomed, as it is seen as a larger manpower pool. Emperor Omeo, despite his young age, begins to drink increasingly large amounts of alcohol, and becomes an alcoholic, using the intoxication to deal with his frequent depressive episodes (pretty unsuccessfully, since he's a sad drunk) this allows his regent to gain even more influence in the running of the Empire, and he begins to institute major changes in his favour, such as creating the position of Prime Minister and (naturally) appointing himself to the position, and beginning plans to create a parliament, although they are not yet implemented. The Regent also betrothes his daughter, Ettica, to Emperor Omeo, something that, as the regent, he has the authority to do. Meanwhile, the emperor's brother becomes almost entirely influenced by the Burgundian ambassador's son, and decides to convert to Roman Catholicism. However, this is used as an excuse by the regent to cut him out of the line of succession, with the third youngest son of the last emperor instead becoming heir. We construct nine more U-Boats this year and have them begin patrolling Ulurun waters (with some beginning to participate in GIOCPS naval patrols) and four other ships being constructed. Out of a desire to gain closer relations and in response to the many positive interactions we have had over the last few years, We ask Arcadia to consider an alliance (ARCADIA RESPONSE NEEDED) and continue to maintain a healthy diplomatic and trade relationship. A campaign to increase literacy across the nation is launched, with 3% tax breaks being promised for five years to those who can prove they have taught another to read and can do so themselves, and we begin building schools and employing educated teachers to teach children in the cities and in some rural areas to read and write, in the hope of increasing literacy. In culture, news is also interesting, as a small group of immigrants from Arcadia introduce a sport that is played in that nation, and has been for a long time, Ulama. The sport quickly becomes popular and spreads in many areas, becoming a surprisingly frequent sport despite its foreign origin and having just been introduced, the the first official match being held in Ngarrindjeri in January between several new professional teams.
    • China–Korea: A deviation from the earlier policy regarding former British India and Australia, China–Korea now recognizes Uluruan independence and agrees to open diplomatic relations.
  • Technate of Arcadia: The Technate begins A new approach to world diplomacy, it changes its primary goal from industry to human well-being. And to help the well being of the world Jews, it creates a department of Neu Kanaan (New Canaan). This is the Department and Promised Land for all of Judaism. People went to the streets to remember the decenial of the signing and the ending of the Great War in Arcadia. Veterans of this war were allowed to march in the streets in their old army kit (excluding weapons). The Technatal government even allows Veterans of Texan republic to this as well. The soldiers of these two former nations as a sign of friendship laid down a line of flowers on the whole old Arcado-Texan border. The Technate also begins to make some plans to give veterans extra benefits like free healthcare, Preference when buying land, free shooting practices and more.The technocracy begins a transition with the New Reorganisation Plan (NRP) This plan is meant to ready up profesionals to be able to advise their respective field and districts. This plan also is responsible for getting more profesionals in undermanned or fields that have even no professionals. The construction of the first modern destroyers begins their class is being called the "Wolf-class", this class being light and able to house one Seamotor-glider. These cruiser-destroyers are 98 m (321 ft 6 in) long and 1,316 tons standard (1,640 tons full load) their guns are 4 × 120 mm, 2 × 75 mm and 4 × 13 mm machine guns plus 6 × 533 mm torpedo tubes. In total, six are being made of this class. The technate shows the start of the construction of these ships on the recently Established Technocracy Incorporated Media, which is a state-owned company which is there to show newsreels, movies and information of other kinds. They also have a radio station for all of this information and a newspaper called Info One.
  • Uniõ de Cádiz: Unemployment in the Union proper rises to 12.4% after the Brexit collapse. However, by the end of the year the recovery resumes and unemployment falls to 10.9%. Madrid, now certifiably the center of western european financing continues to attract more French businesses to its stock exchange with investment mandates. Social programs begin to have serious impacts and poverty falls as government works programs rebuild aging infrastructure. An extensive rail system is built to link Barcelona, Bilbao, Madrid, and Lisbon. This line features a new Diesel-Electric Engine, the first commercially implemented in the world, which boosts high speeds without coal smoke. The new line links to emerging metro-rail systems that have been constructed in most of Iberia’s major cities. A similar line is planned to extend to Seville with another system to connect the major cities of Morocco and Algeria. The Centrists and Technocratic Unionists pass legislation to break-up some of the more monopolistic companies in the Union. This legislation boosts competition and helps improve the recovery. The continued comparative advantage the Union maintains over its trade partners allows heavy industry to rebuild rapidly as industrial growth in France and the UK demands more heavy equipment. Despite the Brexit Crisis, Herrero-Correia Industrial experiences a strong recovery as industrial demand leads to higher revenue. Demand for Fontes cars, although slow in the first few months of the year, returns as wage growth resumes in earnest. The Avia L.20/25 and Avia B.20/25 are put through trials and pass with general approval orders are placed for 250 of each with further orders expected soon. The Iberian Sun Power Company sees significantly improved profitability as municipalities, consumers, and industrial companies take out loans to reduce their overall long-term expenditure on coal. Several new solar-thermal plants begin construction this year alone. A by-product of the greenhouse phenomena, salt production booms in southern Morocco. The regional economy becomes increasingly driven by the production of luxury crops for export to Europe year-round. Cannabis and Tomatoes constitute the majority of exports and the sale of cannabis becomes common-place across the EEA. Population estimates determine that there are 57.14 million in Iberia, 11.27 million native Moroccans in Morocco, 6.17 million Iberians in Morocco, 6.35 million European Algerians, and 3.62 million Native in Algerians, for a total of 84.55 million in the Union proper. Efforts to roll back the desert in southern Morocco continue, and the region starts to take on a more hospitable air as gullies, rivers, and streams are now lined with repeated banks of biomass in the form of wheat stalks, felled trees, palm fronds, and all other manner of plant matter. These banks, augmented by low dams, catch and store water while also improving the soil. In some areas human waste is actively imported to fertilize the soil and add much needed binding material to the sandy soil. There are still years to go before the area will produce significant food crops, but the hope is that this cultivative work will allow for orchards to line the banks of natural water formations. This work is overseen by researchers from the University of Sevilla’s Arid Ecology Department, but is done by the local farmers who were settled there recently. Military research continues, but is slow as funding constraints prohibit grand inventions. The navy decommissions a great many ships to comply with the Malta Naval Treaty. All battleships built before 1913 are scrapped and all coastal battleships except for the Beria-class receive the same fate. The Lisbona-class is also sold off as it has become increasingly obsolete. With the 10,000 ton limit now in place, the navy pursues a new set of fleet standards. A fleet of eight 30,000 ton battleships and three 22,000 ton carriers shall comprise the Union High Seas Fleet, and they will be supplemented by a large escort of other ship classes. The Home Fleet will then be comprised of four smaller Coastal Battleships with limited ranges but similar armor and armament. The shipyards of Catalonia and Sevilla are restarted as new orders are placed for new ships. A new standard template is laid out, every year the Union will produce a new flotilla of destroyers and light cruisers, every other year a new flotilla of heavy cruisers and escort carriers, and capital ships shall be ordered as needed. The Empresa-class is developed and hulls laid in Sevilla this year. These 22,000 ton carriers are intended to service 50 combat aircraft, achieve a speed of 25 knots, and possess an armored deck. Union designers also assume that enemy aircraft will be the primary threat to the carriers and mount four 100 mm anti-aircraft cannons, four bi-mounted Sandoval-Herrero 20 mm autocannons, and 48 12.5 mm machine guns. The navy also begins a partial refit of remaining capital-ships to adopt modern radio technology and replace some of the aging fire-control and electronic systems.
    • República de las Antillas Ibéricas: A referendum on integration fails this year as the distance to the Union proper is too great. Regardless the economy begins improving after several years of extremely poor prospects.
    • Las Repúblicas Colonias: Growth returns to the republic as demand from the United Kingdom drags raw material production higher. In Angola factories, mills, and refineries spring back to life as demand returns. Meanwhile, Senegay-Guinea experiences some of the industrialization found in Angola’s growth. Transportation networks are repaired in all countries after a decade of poor maintenance.
  • Great Empire of China–Korea: While the exit of Britain from the European Economic Area, China–Korea's European markets stagnate once again. As a result, domestic consumption is emphasized. With the renewed influx of wealth and increases in disposable household income (mostly driven by lower saving rates as households begin to rely more on welfare, and lower taxation), the construction boom in high-end shopping streets and indoor markets, and the demand for luxury goods booms. In particular, the usage (and therefore, demand) of cosmetics surges once again due to its usage by prominent actresses and other celebrities on-screen. As a result, newer lighter and more pigmented formulas for foundation and rouge are created. Newer technologies such as eyebrow pens, mascaras, false eyelashes, and the first eyeshadows (typically coming in small sets consisting of three primary colors) also emerged, being accessible to not only the rich but for the middle-class. Alongside this is the continuing emergence of a distinct fashion culture, centered in Shanghai and Seoul. Dermatological clinics and spas also see a surge in attendance, due to the popularity of experimental facelift procedures and renewed public interest in Chinese traditional medicine. The radio and telephone continue to emerge as the main instrument of public instruction and communication, while cinema continues to boom in popularity at the expense of theatre and the traditional arts. The first major Chinese-language feature film in color (and sound)–A Descent from the Heavens–is released, chronicling a fictional romance between a Jesuit missionary stationed in Korea (played by Andréj Pekarov) and a Hui aristocratic girl (played by Zhen Jimei) during the Korean Liberation of China (1627–1649). It becomes a smashing hit, and the Tianjin Entertainment Corporation (TEC) moves their base of operations to Shanghai. This leads to three more feature films in full color also being released in the same year, both from the TEC and rival companies. The film is also noted by critics for exploring the themes of social justice, discrimination based on a racial and religious basis, and for containing numerous Catholic metaphors and motifs; therefore receiving very warm reception among the left and within the more liberalized youth. The surrealist movement now begins to incorporate nationalistic undertones, and shift from mere interpretations of everyday objects to reimagining of historic events (often with light social commentary). Interest into Greco–Roman art continues to boom–especially in the art of sculpture-making and the creation of the "perfect body". Due to greater engagement of the youth within politics (propelled by higher college or university attendance), several youth groups–most prominently the "Illustrés" (a French term for the Enlightened)–emerge, stressing the detrimental effect of bipartisan politics and seeking to synthesize both sides of the political spectrum into a "progressive conservatism" (as pioneered by popular Prime Minister Shan Yu). While wary of Indian reunification (particularly the persecution and marginalization of Christians and Muslims under a radical Hindu regime), the Sino–Korean government recognizes the event, and also officially recognizes the former British colonies of India, Uluru, and Swahili as full-fledged sovereign nations. Within the members of the Compact of Free Association and territories occupied by China–Korea, Mandarin is promoted as a second language, and instruction in Mandarin is integrated into the curriculum. The usage of various informal currencies are legally abolished, and the Sino–Korean Yuan (¥ / 元) is declared the sole valid medium of financial transactions–though a two-year grace period is in effect. The standing army is set at ~3 million personnel, of which a third are stationed in China–Korea's associated states. The production of 300,000 units (occurring over a three-year period) of experimental semi-automatic firearms commences. Meanwhile, the Imperial Navy is split into a Northern and Southern Command (based in Mokpo and Guangzhou, respectively). The first of the Huanglong-class fleet carriers is commissioned, being 26,900 tons at standard displacement and being moderately-armed with ten 8" guns and six 2 x 5" anti-aircraft guns. It has room for 60 aircraft, of which, one-half are torpedo bombers while one-fourth each are reconnaissance aircraft and fighters respectively. The first of the Fengxiang-class escort carriers is also commissioned, being only 7,470 tons at standard displacement to exploit a loophole in the Malta Naval Treaty not regulating the construction of such vessels. However, to compensate, it is completely unarmored and only has a primary armament of four 5.5" guns. Only a pair of 3" disappearing guns provide anti-aircraft defense. However, due to it being constructed on the hull similar to that of a large cruiser, and its manner of construction (in which the flight deck had been superimposed without any additional supporting structures), it only has a capacity for 15 aircraft (six to nine torpedo bombers, and the remainder being allocated for fighters or reconnaissance aircraft). In addition to these, four cruisers (one-half being heavy cruisers, the remainder being light cruisers), ten destroyers, and five submarines are also commissioned. Educational attainment rises, with increasing enrollment in state-owned imperial universities, as well as private institutions. China–Korea continues economic development, with increased emphasis on the quality of its heavy industry. China–Korea surpasses Russia as having the second-largest industrial output, with economists estimating that it will surpass Belka by the mid-thirties. The Trans-Pacific Cooperation Treaty is proposed to Arcadia (ARCADIAN RESPONSE). The purchase of Bali for 90 million kronor is also proposed to Vinland (VINLANDIC RESPONSE).
  • Kingdom of Arabia: The economy being fully recovered, we continue to expand our industry and domestic production just the same as we did last year. Vital industrial resources secured by the GIOCPS make further growth of the economy stable. Comic books led by Moomtez Publications continues to be popular, although many other companies have started to amass competition now. Moomtez starts partnering with the film industry to produce animations based on their comics. Our navy in its full capacity makes trips across the Indian ocean in routine military exercises. With respect to other GIOCPS members, we offer to include greater cooperation between our navies and that of Burgundy, but purely to protect our economic interests in the Indian Ocean and not any military alliance. Support continues to be secretly sent to Egypt, and Arabian military leaders helping to keep the insurgency organized helps to bring representatives of the legitimate government to a safe location from the fighting, should they prefer it. Research into chemical weapons also continues with large government support, not just a means of creating such weapons, but how to counteract or protect citizens from its effects as well. Immediately after Britain's withdraw from EEA, Arabia extends an offer for a more closer military alliance with the remaining members of EEA, as both the nations of Cádiz and France have been long historical allies with Arabia for many years already. Immigrants from Arabia continue to venture out to various parts of the world, including large groups of Jewish and Druze immigrants going to the Federated States of Arcadia. As we have called out the violent acts of Belka against residents of their country last year, the Ministry of Commerce fully expects that this would result in European companies pulling out financial interests in the nation, since the far more mild violent acts of Uluru and India threatened investment in GIOCPS in previous years. Teams of gridiron, rugby and olympic sports continue to be trained for next seasons. Artificial icing is experimented in Oman, as a means of creating an Arabian hockey team. 
    • Burgundian Dip: Burgundy agrees to the proposal for greater military cooperation.
  • Borealia: In sports, as a show of friendship toward one of the nation's allies, the first ever hockey match between Borealia and Arabia is arranged. Before which, the AHL also sponsors Arabia's early league to help them get off the ground. This year the Winter Olympics take place in Stockholm, Scandinavia, with Borealia performing well in many places. The measures to accommodate the navy to the naval treaty continue, with the nation also working closely with its allies to help develop their navies, and/or help them comply with the treaty themselves. As part of the military's development post war, the military requests that the nation increase, over time, its stockpile of essential goods greater than before the war. In particular rubber is to be stockpiled, with the nation continuing its heavy production and research into artificial rubber. Additionally for future expansion a larger quota of spare parts are required for each truck, tank, vehicle, etc in the field at all times. The nation's newer models of tanks are also outfitted with radio equipment in every tank for easier maneuvering, with older tanks to be completely phased out. In all walks of the military radio equipment is to become much more widespread, with the army undertaking a project to have all units outfitted within the next few years. In music, Lowie Armsterk forms his first band under his leadership.
  • Kingdom of Burgundy: The first two of Burgundy's new Malta-compliant heavy cruisers, called the Venlo-class, are laid down. Designed to maximize firepower within the tonnage restrictions, they’re armed with ten 8”/55 caliber guns in two triple and two twin gun turrets. Construction also begins on a new class of escort carriers based on the hulls of Burgundy's recent classes of light cruisers. The battlecruisers-turned-fleet carriers Lexington and Saratoga are commissioned into the navy and undergo their working up. It is scheduled for 1927 the II Battlecruiser Squadron, consisting of the Driemarines, Elba, and Trafalgar, accompanied by a division of light cruisers, to make a world cruise visiting the various member states of Burgundys empire, as well as make the official handover of Elba and Trafalgar to the newly established Royal Nieuw Zeeland Navy. In the East Indies, the Army branch of the East Indies United Defense Command is formally established, creating a centralized chain of command among the standing army of the East Indies. Modern equipment, such as radios and surplus weaponry, are imported from Burgundy proper. While radios are not as common as the commanders would prefer, they are at least able to distribute them to divisional commands. Three airfields, one in Singapur, one in Brunei, and one in Serang, are opened, and while their primary purpose is to provide a base for the planes of the Singapur Fighter Command, they also provide a launch pad for the growth of the commercial aviation industry in the region, with KLM airlines beginning flights between the three sites. Vinland is sent an offer to buy Bali for 80 million Kronor and continued naval access. In Guyana, the country sees improved recovery as its oil and steel industry increases following the recession. In Burgundy, the ruling coalition collapses following a scandal and the National Liberals yield power. Snap elections return with no clear majority. In response, King Rogier personally overseas and involves himself in coalition negotiations between a number of parties. The so-called “Royal Coalition” manages to find enough support to eek out a majority in the States-General. Albwin Eicher, an associate of King Rogier from the Great War when then-Prince Rogier lead the Rhenish Band, becomes the first Rhenish Prime Minister, although it is recognized that real political power has fallen back on the monarchy. With Britain withdrawing from the EEA, King Rogier reaches out to King Richard, looking to start a rapprochement between the two monarchies (mod response pls).
    • The United Kingdom agrees to normal relations with Burgundy, but refrains from any further involvement, citing a new neutral foreign policy in Europe.
  • France: Reconstruction finishes, and the military has reached its quota of a peacetime standing of 450,000. Some small but influential women's rights movements are successful in giving women the right to vote. Futbol de Grillefer is nationalized nationwide, becoming ever so popular year by year. In the second official European Finals, the Madrid Mallards defeating the Bordeaux Crusaders 50-36. The territories annexed from the war begin seeing general incorporation. The recently acquired territory of Dutch West Africa continues to be incorporated into the French West African state, and is expected to be finished by 1927. Siam begins seeing proper return to agricultural prosperity. A better version of the radio is created for government use, helping to replace elongated communication lines. Most colonial armies in Africa are updated with surplus army materials, including automated machine guns, tanks, and small numbers of airplanes. Merchant investment into Persia is given to better align the Persian state with France than Arabia, especially since most talks of investment include how Persia is still dependent on Arabia for power when they could transition to France and become an economic and military power. The French unemployment rate decreases to 11%, as the economy slowly but surely revives itself. French President Pierre Calvet continues his economic reform policies tackling the economic recession while sourcing primary government funds to the military in an effort to modernize them to better decrease casualties sustained in any future conflicts and wars.
  • United States of Germany: While Russians occupy East of the Vistula river, the Germans occupy the West of the Vistula river. They made plans to set up a more neutral Polish nationstate (although with elements of technocracy), the new government of Poland that was set up a couple years prior will temporarily be hosted in Lodz. The new government would be called the "Republican State of Poland". (although names could change) Advancements to the German aircraft has been made, with the introduction of planes called the Arado Ar-64 and the He-8. These planes became the first planes by Germany to not be biplanes. Arado Ar 64 will become the main aircraft of the German air force. Some advancements to the zeppelin, with small light turrets placed under it at cost of being floating somewhat closer to the ground. Peace has been proposed to the remnants of the old Polish government (Polish/Mod response please) in exchange for places in Western Poland. (More to be added later)
  • Belkan Federation: The shockwaves of economic shock from the British exit from the EEA and last year's currency dropoff have caused yet another run to banks which was shortly and very quickly cut off. The Belkan economy is effectively stabilized by the end of the year as the new Vozhd from the Market Liberal party, Vladislav Tarkov takes the reigns of the country. He expands the deficit spending significantly using government funds to make up for subsidize or otherwise keep imports affordable as well as keep the Belkan Ruble stable and not prone to another drop off. The Belkan occupation of Egypt is fully greenlit by the Supreme Soviet and more funds this year are allocated toward fighting insurgents and beginning major operations to combat the insurgents in other hideouts. The strategy to more effectively win the hearts and minds of the Egyptian people is undertaken with an extremely hard line taken against insurgents who do not give up others, or give up cells. They will be killed mercilessly and impaled publically and their names shamed. The process which allows steady access to work and even the reopening of Egyptian factories is lauded and the onset of stability based almost entirely on their investment and the fiscal development of Egypt under Belkan management. The Belkan navy begins considering a serious upgrade to its fleet in order to meet new obligations under the treaty and new Carrier designs are looked into. The Aviation and Automotive industry begin to baloon out or recover respectively as the launching of some of the first civilian model aircraft for travel are released. In secret Belkan developments of its tanks and new motorization efforts begin coming to fruit as the Belkan designs for a light tank are relased known as the BT-27 tank which while not perfect by any means is a serious upgrade from tanks of the Great war. The push into the African markets with the "feedback loop" is somewhat more successful this year as the opening of markets is able to get Belkan factories something to produce for. With competitive factories in Belka producing for these markets the industrial sector climbs out of its moderate hum back into some more large scale operations. Manila, Burma, and Ethiopia are all able to gain significant industrial material from Belka as per the previous agreement as all three of these "commonwealth" states begin to further industrialize. Belka brings all three of the states in into the Supreme Soviet with the Vozhd relucatantly agreeing that if they expect further cooperation and the development of a true trade bloc, Belka must be willing to give them some say in the matters of the empire abroad. This leads to the creation of the Commonwealth Economic Union the CEU advocates free trade, a customs union, and a removal of Belkan blocks to competing industries from its Commonwealth allied and trade partners. This does effectively seal another agreement, common defense. Manila, Burma, and Ethiopia all agree that while strong in their own right, the benefit of cooperative training, status of forces agreements, and the proper development of all three commonwealths logistical chains is needed to be able to fight alongside Belka in any meaningful capacity that doesn't simply lead to Belka appropriating their troops. This effectively leads to the Imperial Research Committee being formed where the best minds of all the commonwealths and Belka are joined to try and come up with new solutions to problems and give all nations many different experiences in many different climates in order to allow for powerful versatile forces. In order to more effectively handle the pacific territories the Vozhd authorizes the creation of the Greater Samoan Protectorate, effectively giving the Samoans the resources they need to settle and develop many of the south pacific islands with some key exceptions. The Belkan military also surprisingly raises a large Samoan Regiment of nearly 5000 which is integrated into the army and the men are immediately brought to the Belkan homeland to effectively acculture them. Belka keeps the Arabian Exclusion act in place and further turns away, or imprisons migrants, warning that Belka did not summarily genocide or wipe out those who had settled previously but is more zealously guarding its borders due to Civil conflict in Egypt, Belkas strained relations with Arabia and perceived national securty concerns in regards to any Arabian migrants. 

1927

1927 proves to be an economic watershed for most all of the world. All of Europe experiences fast recovery with France and Germany leading the pack. Burgundy continues its slow recovery and unemployment falls to single digits for the first time in years.

Brésil and Aztlán also show rapid growth. Public works in Aztlán combined with a resurgent Brésil pull the entire continent to nearly pre-depression economic strength. However, the Fontenist State of New Granada, facing embargoes or trade restrictions from many states, experiences only limited recovery this year.

The Belkan expedition to Egypt continues with terror attacks falling off toward the end of the year. Belkan Generals expect an end to the occupation in 1928 with the majority of troops able to return home before the end of 1927.

Belka itself sees the first economically strong year in some time. Growth returns and the feed-back system is moderately successful in dragging Belka and its colonies from the depression.

Across east Asia economies begin to revive and Chinese underemployment falls to 12.7% as factories reopen and hiring resumes.

The Indian Ocean Region also sees reasonably strong growth. India becomes one of the more dynamic economies in the region as its huge market is unified under a non-colonial government. The economy grows rapidly under the pro-business regime, which distracts from the ethnic and religious tensions of the past years.

The guerrilla war in Savannah continues, government troops manage to capture some of the smaller cities in the south but the entire Ohio River Valley is fully in revolt. Syndicalists organize further strikes in Savannah proper and the military faces severe challenges as corrupt officers and unwilling soldiers prove incompetent against the now well equipped, motivated, and increasingly strong rebel army.

  • Savannah: We send more soldiers into the region to combat the rebels. Possessing modern equipment, artillery, planes, and so on, compared to the uprising, we outclass the rebels. We are increasingly astonished by how strong the rebels allegedly are, and how strong the Syndicalist movement seems to be, despite the country already being Syndicalist before. Nonetheless the nation's unparalleled level of equality and social benefits, which have existed for decades, have not be infringed, leaving the Syndicalists policies intact. Thanks to the railroads lines that dot the entire border, built during and after the war, troops are quickly moved into the region to combat the rebels. The new found conflict sparks job creation and industry, as for the first time since the war the government increases spending and orders related to wartime needs. The government makes a speech in regards to how the region petitioned for unification before the war, and now that they have the nation must fight back and defend itself from random veterans. The nation's interest in rugby and other sports renews, with interest in hosting another world tournament being discussed.
  • Imperial Swahili Federation: Agricultural productivity continues to rise with the introduction of industrial fertilizers, prompting a boost in population. The naval tests give positive results to naval bombers, torpedoes and mines. As a result, the Department of the Sea authorises R&D programs into naval aviation, torpedo technology and minelayers. Russom aviation also receives much needed funding from the Department of the Sea for development of new naval aircrafts. Several destroyers, which were overproduced in the War, are now refitted to become minelayers. A new class of torpedo destroyers are also designed. The economy continues to recover, reaching single digit unemployment due to increased demand from India and the general growth in the Indian Ocean Region. With cooperation from the University of Sevilla, plant stalks, felled trees, palm fronds and other organic waste are placed in the Somalia desert for the formation of natural water sources. The film, literature, kibonzo and animation industries continue to rise in popularity. Electrification of railways begin and power stations are constructed. In particular, a major hydroelectric dam is planned on the Zambezi River, and construction has begun. 
  • Alaska: The government sees some new reforms, to increase effectivity in economy and governing. Economists are now discussing together with the representatives of the democratized factories in order to structure production and economic growth. The state doctrine of "Alaskan Laocracy" is complemented with the "eye and brain" principle, where the immediate experiences of the workers are told to the economists and production specialists, who try to improve the production based on that. Former President Iossib Kosalechky dies at the 23th of April this year in the age of 68, he gets a furnural with special honors and hundreds attending. The military extends slightly as huskies trained for pulling slides and also rescuing wounded soldiers. (Secret) The government continues to fund the syndicalists in Savannah, while also influence on their political beliefs is started, to push them more toward a laocratic system. 100 soldiers of the "Arm of Justice", the paramilitaric part of the Narodniki Party, are smuggled into Savannah to support the Syndicalists in Ohio (End Secret). Mining and oil-exploitation continue. Steel factories and producers for daily needed goods are now in focus of the economists and the government aims to produce the steel with the highest quality in all of Arcadia. The production of corn and barley is now prioritized with fixed prices to motivate the farmers. This is done to avoid a crop failure that can happen in the harsh winters of Alaska. A new national anthem is also written to replace the old Russian anthem that was played usually without lyrics. The new anthem tries to distance itself from classical Russian marches, yet some Russian influence remains. Officially lyrics don't exist, but some writers attached poems from the Alaska War to the melody. The song is called "my prisyagat' " which means We Pledge (OTL the DPRK song "We Pledge "). 
  • Vinland: Vinland accepts Burgundy's offer and sells Bali to them. We develop the Vinland-class airplane and begin replacing the Borelian-made airplanes with them. The Minister of Defense advises that the garrison of Greenland needs to be reinforced. 200 troops are sent there. (More to come, maybe.)
  • India: India starts growing rapidly. To sustain and improve the growth a number of reforms are planned by the government to make it easy to do business of which some are put into effect this year. However, it is decided that the current reforms will be implemented properly first. The railways continue to expand under the PPP model. The economy continues to grow. Imports and exports increase as new trade relations are established. Imports have increased. However, India remains a net exporter of raw materials and agricultural goods. Exports continue to rise, to this effect many corporations setup establishment to harvest natural resources, from coal mines to rubber plantations, a number of such establishments are opened up or expanded. The increased imports helped by a low-moderate import tariff brings Indian corporations directly in competition with the foreign companies. This incentives investment in research and education by the private corporations. The government passes an act allowing Indian companies to collaborate with foreign companies in bringing modern technology to India. Many hire foreign advisors while others set up small research centres. Some big corporations also open up institutes of higher education. The licenses for the production of the MP18 and the Stahlhelm are sold to a suitable Indian company which begins producing them in the Magadh state. Orders are placed by the army and the police forces. Communal violence subsides and anti-Muslim sentiment dies out through a major effort by Gandhi and his followers and the growth of the economy. The number of Muslims migrating out of the country steadily declines. However, the internal migration, setup by the unrest intensifies. Muslims move in larger numbers to the cities and areas which had remained largely peaceful, setting up a number of businesses, effectively enjoying the benefits of rapid economic growth like the other city dwellers. A larger number of people start moving to the underpopulated South from overpopulated regions like the Ganges and Brahmaputra valleys. Urbanisation also increases significantly, especially in the coastal areas. To ease trade and improve connectivity and infrastructure, the Sagarmala and Bharatmala projects are planned by the Government which will be implemented later. As of now, the government pushes education in the cities and villages. Four institutes of higher education, dedicated to agricultural research are set up in Kollam, Mysore, Gaya and Indraprastha to aid the government in its program to improve agricultural productivity and increase mechanisation. Most of the growth remains limited to the coastal areas and the resource rich region comprising Magadh, Bengal, Orissa and Vidarbha with only a few other inland cities and surrounding areas experiencing rapid growth.
    • Indian Dip to China: We set up embassies in the Sino-Korean capital and allot land in Pataliputra to the Sino-Korean Government for the setting up of embassies. Trade opens up. With a steady decline in communal violence, the government assures China-Korea that it will take all measures to prevent such problems from occurring anymore. The government also informs China-Korea that the Anti-Christian sentiment was never very strong and has died out. The government requests China-Korea for monetary aid to help expand education and sanitation facilities in the rural areas of our nation.
      • Chian–Korea: We agree.
    • Indian Dip to Germany: A trade deal is set up between the two nations. The Government of India grants German companies exclusive access to the Chittagong state and Bengal state for exploration of Oil and Natural Gas deposits and setting up of establishments to extract these resources. In exchange, the Government of India requests the German companies to sell the government the licence to produce the MP18 (MP24, if possible). The licence will further be sold to a suitable Indian company for production. It is also decided that the required industrial equipment and other military support equipment will also be imported from Germany. We also request the setting up of embassies (and vice versa).
      • German Dip: Leaving out the MP24, we accept. Have a free Stahlhelm (design), courtesy of us.
    • Indian Dip to Belka: The Government seeks the purchase of 78 naval bombers and 16 destroyers with a number of auxiliary ships from the Belkan Navy. We also request the purchase of a licence to manufacture armoured cars. This licence will be sold to a suitable Indian company for production. It is also requested to reopen the few train lines between Burma and India that were set up during the British era.
    • Belkan Dip: First of all no such railways exist, second of all we are not opening top-of-the-line aviation in India. However, we will sell the warships. We also require before armored cars, that India develop its own automotive industry first before help will be given on that front. Other trade agreements, however, are accepted.
    • Uniõ de Cádiz: Diplomacy: We are more than willing to agree to a trade deal, and will suggest that India be permitted as a preferred trade partner of the EEA. (Reduced tariffs on import and export to the UK, France, and the Uniõ de Cádiz.) Furthermore, we offer to be a benefactor of the Indian Army and supply India with a selection of battle-tested small arms and light artillery. Furthermore, India is welcome to send researchers and ecologists to the University of Seville's Ecology Department to study among the best environmental researchers on the planet.
  • Belkan Federation: This year sees the first real economic growth in the post-war Belkan economy. The economic investment into colonies sees further fruit as places like Zaire, Ethiopia, Maghreb, and Kanem see noticeable and prominent growth in industrial scale minerals extraction, as well as the development of light industry. Zaire becomes a clear leader and surprisingly without major involvement of Belkan nationals more with advising and slow paced development so the processes are understood. Education is taken by a colony by colony basis. However, many of the rapidly advancing colonies adopt a modern model based from either Iberian, French, or Belkan schooling systems. Industry, however, in Maghreb and Kanem grows slowly as the majority of industrial jobs are filled by Maghrebis, and some white Belkans (while many other ethnic Belkans take to higher skilled jobs) and in Kanem the allure of industrial jobs attracts mainly the Belkans which settled there as part of the post Great War land grants given to them as payment. The dated systems, hindered by the inefficient plantation systems are officially redistributed on terms of free land, tribal land, and princely land. Free lands, are those with minimal to light claims by natives and are redistributed to natives and the occassional Belkan with the expressed intent of populating the colonies in a more sensible way while also helping respect current tribal boundaries as well as the personal properties of the Princedoms which exist in many of the various colonies. The Belkan occupation of Egypt begins its 1927 drawdown and by 1928 roughly 200,000 Belkan troops due to proximity and needing to keep key infrastructure guarded such as the railways, and Suez canal will remain. The Egyptian Junta is officially redesignated the Egyptian transitional government with the expressed intent of restoring some semblance of normalcy and ending the cycle of Egyptian leaders causing cults of personality and plunging the country into civil war every 20 years. The Belkan transitional authority is established as oversight of the Egyptians and the plan remains to push egypt into a commonwealth status by 1940 after extensive modernization of their bereaucratic system as well as stabilizing their economy into something that is not so extensively reliant on imports to function. One of the only companies that is not restructured is Ali Bakr motors which is the first Egyptian company fully reopened, doing extremely well as many afforable vehicles are produced and sold on the Belkan commonwealth market with a surprising amount of orders coming from Manila. The Commonwealth customs union is established and while a notably causing a loss in the value of the Ruble (this is partially due to the lacking economy existing in certain commonwealth countries) the adoption of the Belkan ruble, redubbed the Commonwealth Ruble and removal of work and trade barriers allows a fostering of competition between commonwealth countries. The Belkan navy continues experimenting with designs on new ships building a ship here or there but refusing to fully refit its navy until satisfactory designs are developed. The Vozdh begins attending a sporting event once a month, beginning to create a tradition. His personal preference for football in the French form is notable as he personally supports the Vasiligrad Tsars. Other things such as rugby, and baseball also take off in more meaningful fashion. However, Gridiron football, playing on Belkan attitude toward high impact everything takes off and its popularity soars. The Supreme Soviet depending on the state of next year's economy begins developing a budget to put the Belkan army back on the map as Europe's strongest and most advanced land power with a codified expansion of its armed forces from its lacking 750,000 to nearly 1.7 million by 1929 with new training regimens implemented and new technologies to be incorporated into the nations budding new doctrine. The Army adopts a superior firepower doctrine incorporating major amounts of artillery opting for full spectrum firepower dominance over quick and vulnerable mobile warfare doctrines. It does not, however, stand as a static defense doctrine as the heavy integration of Artillery into the Belkan regimental system as line artillery rather than its previous doctrine as playing a behind the line support artillery is taken. It also focuses heavily on developing a jack of all trades treadnought rather than a light treadnougt. New Design concepts are developed such as putting a more powerful gun on a medium based chassis. Aviation takes another leap as the upgrade to airframe design in the civilian sector pushed its way into the military. All metal airframes begin to be developed and the Visegrad Aerial group pushes out one of the first militarily capable monoplane in the world. The Aircraft is tested extensively is its flaws revealed with clear upgrades to be put into place. Turkov Aeronautics also takes to the skies as it seeks to compete on the civilian and military markets. The possible opening of other multiple aviation designers and their factories launches what is called the "Great Aerial Race" in Belka. It is a race to develop an aircraft for the Belkan military with many design concepts being developed. The Supreme Soviet agrees to keep many of the civilian and public works administration developments open and the men repurposed to rebuild and reviatlize most of Belka's cities, are turned toward turning the nations lackluster road system into a true highway system. The First Highway begins to be constructed from Belgrad to Vasiligrad known as the B-1 highway. The rest of the network is planned as well as connecting roads to smaller towns and cities into the main highway systems. Some of the best geoengineers and structural engineers are brought in to help build the highway system across the country.
  • Uniõ de Cádiz: Unemployment in the Union proper finally hits single digits and continues to fall throughout the year to 8.3%. Madrid, now certifiably the center of western european financing continues to attract more French businesses to its stock exchange with investment mandates. Social programs begin to have serious impacts and poverty falls as government works programs rebuild aging infrastructure. The adoption of diesel-electric trains spreads and the Seville Spur of the Iberian Metro-Line is also constructed. The continued comparative advantage the Union maintains over its trade partners begins to subside as French recovery is clear. Herrero-Correia Industrial demonstrates strong growth as the industrial sector grows. Demand for Fontes cars returns as wage growth resumes in earnest allowing for higher sales. The Avia L.20/25 and Avia B.20/25 are put through trials and pass with general approval orders are placed for 250 of each with further orders expected soon. The Iberian Sun Power Company is chartered to build several new facilities across the south of Iberia as coal production domestically struggles to keep up with demand.. Several new solar-thermal plants begin construction this year alone. A by-product of the greenhouse phenomena, salt production booms in southern Morocco. The regional economy becomes increasingly driven by the production of luxury crops for export to Europe year-round. Cannabis and Tomatoes constitute the majority of exports and the sale of cannabis becomes common-place across the EEA. Population estimates determine that there are 57.31 million in Iberia, 11.39 million native Moroccans in Morocco, 6.23 million Iberians in Morocco, 6.51 million European Algerians, and 3.63 million Native in Algerians, for a total of 85.07 million in the Union proper. An interesting cultural development in Morocco and Andalucia comes to light. The poor economic conditions faced by these regions and the blending of Iberian, Moroccan, and African music creates a unique musical genre. The genre is given the moniker “Jazz” by a Sevillan newspaper and the name sticks. Characterized by swing and off-notes (OTL Blue Notes) along with unique vocals. Miguel Ríos and Vicente Aleixandre are notable artists of the music who have begun to draw significant crowds. Jazz, however, is not the only change cultural in the Union. The failure of the Democratic Catholics of Iberia to foresee the depression led to the collapse of the party in 1926. This collapse, coupled with the economic difficulties and changing cultural landscape has led to growing number of atheist, agnostic, or pandeist young adults. Devotion to church, in all forms both Christian and Muslim, declines in step with the conservative DCI. Efforts to roll back the desert in southern Morocco continue, and the region starts to take on a more hospitable air as gullies, rivers, and streams are now lined with repeated banks of biomass in the form of wheat stalks, felled trees, palm fronds, and all other manner of plant matter. These banks, augmented by low dams, catch and store water while also improving the soil. In some areas human waste is actively imported to fertilize the soil and add much needed binding material to the sandy soil. The cultivation efforts prove moderately successful as young trees now line the banks of the waterways. Naval re-armament continues and work begins on the creation of a standard hull for Union cruisers and escort carriers. These ships, the Zapico-A-class will weigh in at 9,500 tons and will be equipped with nine 200 mm/55 Caliber cannons (OTL Northampton-class with 200 tons more armor and slightly larger fore and aft magazines). The first ships in the class are laid down in late October and plans call for a the production of 12 of these ships with overall completion in 1929. Designers and engineers also work to refine the class with the aim of improving internal systems and superstructure design in the development of the Zapico-B-class. Work on the Empresa-class continues with expected completion in 1928.
    • República de las Antillas Ibéricas: The return of tourism begins to revive the struggling economies of the Antillas.
    • Las Repúblicas Colonias: Growth returns to the republic as demand from the United Kingdom drags raw material production higher. In Angola factories, mills, and refineries spring back to life as demand returns. Meanwhile, Senegay-Guinea experiences some of the industrialization found in Angola’s growth.
    • Indian Dip: We request the opening of diplomatic and trade relations and also request Union help in setting up the Institutes for Agricultural Research.
  • Kingdom of Burgundy: after two years of stockpiling material, work begins on the Afsluitdijk, the enclosure dam, to separate the Zuiderzee from the North Sea. It is expected to be completed in six years time. Ground is also broken on the canal expansion connecting the cities on the Zuiderzee that’ll be cut off from the ocean also begins. Utrecht is set to become a sizeable inland port as a new canal connecting the soon to be cut off Zuiderzee to the Rhine River begins construction, and another new canal will connect Amsterdam directly from its location on the Zuiderzee to the North Sea by way of the coastal city of Velson. Other existing canals across the Netherlands Region are slated to be expanded to accommodate the foreseen rise in traffic following the Zuiderzees closure. The two projects, in conjunction with the rebuilding of the Burgundian merchant marine, causes a spike in demand for industrial materials, such as steel, which in turn helps spur the regrowth of the domestic steel industry, which has been looking to build off the jolt to life it received during the Rhenish revolt. Another industry seeing new growth is commercial aviation, with KLM leading the group. The company sees its first trans-Atlantic flight, from Antwerp to Sint Jan, conducted by its airship Inspanning. Later on, the company’s first Nieuw Amsterdam-Rupertstad flight is completed by another of its airships, this time the Roosevelt. It is planned by KLM and other Burgundian commercial airlines, to use airships for long-distance luxury flights, while using their growing fleets of commercial airplanes for shorter, cheaper flights in Europe, Arcadia and Laurentia, and Asia. The first Haven, Kuba-Ritterstad, Maryland flight by a commercial airplane is made by the Haven-based Delta, while Singapur Airlines, only established this year, opens with flights between Singapur, Kutaraja, and Batavia.
  • Great Empire of China–Korea: Prime Minister Gao Huangfu dies after experiencing a cardiac arrest in January. Deputy Minister Jia Weiyu becomes the Prime Minister for the rest of the former's term and eventually succeeds him. However, a widely-publicized break-in by five (initially unidentified) men into the Conservative Party headquarters in Beijing leads to public unrest and a decline in public faith into Liberal–Democratic Party leadership. After admitting to being related to the event, Prime Minister Jia Meiyu becomes widely unpopular, and after three days of protests (many organized or led by the Illustrés), he resigns to prevent getting impeached. The moderate members of the Liberal–Democratic Party and Conservative Party establish the Progressive–Conservative Party (PCP, whose official platform consists of the promotion of "progressive conservatism" as pioneered by Prime Minister Shan Yu. Due to the increasingly powerful influence of more liberalized university leaders and students, and women's rights activists (as evident by increasing female voter turnout), the PCP candidate Hong Sirong wins the elections, while the PCP itself holds a fourth of the Grand Secretariat. Cambodia, Lan Xang, and Champa (the former two as constitutional monarchies, while the latter under a republic) receive independence. The Treaty of Free Association is ratified by Dzungaria, Altishahria, Tibet, Dai Viet, Cambodia, Lan Xang, Champa and the provisional government of Occupied Japan. It nullifies the Compact of Free Association and establishes all of its signatories as true associated states (wielding suzerainty, and therefore being able to engage in foreign affairs) rather than protectorates. As a result, the associated states now only send a single non-voting representative into the Grand Secretariat. A 45-seat body (each state being allocated five seats) known as the "East Asian Commision" is established to discuss the topics of foreign and military policy. However, China–Korea retains military access and the right to station troops at leased territories for the purposes of defense; in addition, they are still bound under a shared market, a common currency, and the citizens of associated states still have access to Sino–Korean services. Due to Burgundian militarization of its colonies, two airfields each are built in both Cambodia and Champa. The Emergency Naval Bill of 1927 is ratified but will be effective next year. It will increase shipbuilding capacity slightly, and also allow Japan to manufacture secondary surface ships for both itself, its fellow associated states, and China–Korea. Two more Fengxiang-class escort carriers are built. In addition to these, two heavy cruisers, two light cruisers, ten destroyers, and five submarines are built. Decommissioned ships are given to the navies of the associated states. The reserve fleet is disestablished; two Huanglong-class battlecruisers and a single Gaya-class battleship is given to Japan and Vietnam, respectively. The remaining two Huanglong-class battlecruisers is given to Cambodia, while the last Gaya-class battleship is given to Arcadia as per the Treaty of Trans-Pacific Cooperation. MTA.
  • United States of Germany: The German government re-establishes the Polish army training to cover the decreasing number of German troops occupying the provisional West Polish government's control of the area. They began employing veteran soldiers (who surrendered) into power by 1929. They announces plans to pull out of West Poland (although it may de facto be a satellite state) by 1930. (more may be added later).
  • Western Poland: The German occupation is ongoing. The new liberal Polish leaders ban references to ethnic nationalism, seeing as that mistake got Poland into a horrid war. Atrocities done by the Nationalists are taught in schools. Meanwhile, former state-owned military industries are privatized to get the commercial sector going again, though most was destroyed in the war. Land reform is done to calm down revanchist syndicalists, which is successful. New elections are planned in 1930 when the occupation ends.
  • Borealia: Numerous games are played between the nation’s teams and Arabia’s hockey teams, helping to pave the way for future interest in the sport in the Middle East. The nation decides to send support and military equipment to the government of Savannah to help them against uprisings. The nation seeks to ally with Uluru, and initiates them into the nation’s program of building up friendly nations with military aid and Borealian expertise. The nation’s military employs a test against the rebels in Savannah, using their new line of tanks, carriers, and other land equipment, to great effect, although direct involvement on the ground is minimal. The nation’s aerospace industry continues to expand the commercial flights industry nationwide, with companies working to lower prices and make flying acceptable to people across the world. The world’s oldest airline, Steppen, expands its influence to planes for long distance travel.
  • Technate of Arcadia: The government begins to support democratic movements in Arcadia as they prefer democracy above fascism, Aliança da Fênix gets one million Arcadian Franks ($37,000) in funding from govermentment sources. This is meant a way for the technate to keep democracy alive in Aztlán and keep Fascism out. The Technate asks Other powers to recognise the Aliança as the only legitemate government of Aztláni nation and people.(Foreign response). With this wave of technocratic pro-democracy movement, some suggest to the General Directorate to send some of the Directorate of Defence advisors and observers to Savanah. The General Directorate also decides after talks to begin more active training for the current soldiers which number around 250,000 and train the reserve which accounts for one million soldiers, although the army is small many of these reserve exist out of soldiers of the Great War who aren't as trained as the profesional soldier but still better then most in their duties. Many of these great war soldiers are also officers and other higher ranks in the Technate army. With this retraining of these soldiers many begin ask for better training in the Navy as it is still not fully efficient with their new "toys". With the military expanding once more the amount of guns reduced begins to grow in numbers, with Crag-Johnsens producing their Crag-Johnsens R1912 for a total of two million units and their R1891 550,000 units in total. This shows that the economy and Industry is slowly recovering from the economic depression. The Technate also starts  New Reorganisation Plan (NRP) officially by funding an Academy of general knowledge, here people can do government sponsored research and teachings. This is meant as a way to be a one-year study for high school students to gain some expertise and the chance to show their abilities to the government and if they look promising they will get their degree for free. The first Jews begin arriving in the department of Neu Kanaan, the Jewish homeland abroad. Although the numbers of the first years of Jewish immigrants is smaller than expected and it still enough to found a Jewish City, they called this town Sayon (Zion) which isn't actually a new town but they are a majority already in this old native Arcadian town. This old town name was MLO. The Jewish population has been estimated at around 82,400. Since Jewish immigration started three years ago, this slow growth being due to Jewish patriotism toward Jerusalem. Although they do recognise that Neu Kanaan offers them de facto independence. Although all non-department decided issues are decided by their respective directorate.
  • France: Reconstruction finishes, and the military has reached its quota of a peacetime standing of 450,000. Some small but influential women's rights movements are successful in giving women the right to vote. Futbol de Grillefer is nationalized nationwide, becoming ever so popular year by year. In the third official European Finals hosted in Berlin, the Bordeaux Patriotes defeat the Vienna Yellow-Jackets 34-28. The territories annexed from the war begin seeing general incorporation. The recently acquired territory of Dutch West Africa continues to be incorporated into the French West African state, and has finished incorporation as planned. Siam begins seeing proper return to agricultural prosperity. A better version of the radio is created for government use, helping to replace elongated communication lines. Most colonial armies in Africa are updated with surplus army materials, including automated machine guns, tanks, and small numbers of airplanes. Merchant investment into Persia is given to better align the Persian state with France than Arabia, especially since most talks of investment include how Persia is still dependent on Arabia for power when they could transition to France and become an economic and military power. The French unemployment rate decreases to 8%, as the economy slowly but surely revives itself. French President Pierre Calvet continues his economic reform policies tackling the economic recession while sourcing primary government funds to the military in an effort to modernize them to better decrease casualties sustained in any future conflicts and wars. Many of the naval destroyers and dreadnoughts are either scrapped or sold to India? [Player Response], and new naval fleets are commissioned, as well as military aviation receiving large funding. The naval fleets are expected to consist of two super dreadnoughts of the Occitania-class, four battleships of the Bazaine-class, two fleet carriers of the Auguste-class, and 40 light cruisers of the Bayonne-class, and be completed in total by 1937. However, a large portion of the light cruisers, fleet carriers, and battleships are going to be finished by 1930. Some submarines are also built (more info next turn). Additionally, 70 Amiot-120 bombers, 40 Farman-F.160, and 40 Breguet-19 aircraft are scheduled to be built by 1933, with the Breguet-19's be specially manufactured to be able to successfully possess and hold onto large canisters of chemical gas agents that could be "dropped" or deployed if needed, however, these tests remain largely confidential.
  • Indian Diplomacy: We accept the sale of one dreadnought (under 25,100 tons) and all the destroyers. We also request to establish formal diplomatic and trade relations. (Number of destroyers and specifications of the dreadnoughts, please).

1928

Global economic growth accelerates. Tradenetworks, which had been disrupted by the war and the depression, re-emerge and spur on the economies of Belka, Burgundy, Borealia, Iberia, and the United Kingdom. As these nations possess the largest shipyards in the world and produce the majority of shipping vessels.

Central Europe also benefits from the growth and Czechia becomes a center of regional industry with strong economic ties emerging between it, Hungary, and Italy.

In Egypt the last of the rebellion ends as the remaining cells are destroyed by Belkan persistence. Leaked documents surrounding the war do cause consternation in the Belkan populace, but life continues. 

Savannah, despite equipped with more advanced equipment, suffers a devastating defeat in the mountains of OTL Kentucky. Hit and run tactics by the rebels destroy an entire column of Savannahan troops with over 12,000 casualties. Trains are intercepted and tracks destroyed causing several major rail accidents.

The apparent ineffectiveness of the Savannah government comes to a breaking-point as the syndicalists are met by fascists in the streets. Clashes devolve into shoot-outs as the fascists and syndicalist-leaning police engage in combat. The addition of the Alaskan Arm of Justice only inflames the situation and drives hundreds to the fascists as they stand opposed to foreign influence in the republic. 

Foreign trade, a unified currency, and a simple tax policy propel India to massive economic growth. The exploitation of the nation’s huge resources provides the government the funding it needs to expand the rail system and develop infrastructure. Although mostly unsuccessful in building track, the PPP model used by the Indian government does attract investment to the country. 

The United Kingdom, in a somewhat shocking move, offers India economic assistance and an alliance, despite the history of colonization.

Sorry, I have an issue with this. It's time to stop trying too hard to destroy the Co-Prosperity Sphere. I am not playing as a nation, so no, I am not biased, but there is no reason Britain would want to help them out, especially because ten years ago they literally tried everything they could to destroy the Indian independence movement, and highly likely hold a grudge against "colonial traitors" for that. Sorry but these events are getting ridiculous. It was bad enough to have Indian unification, now this. This had to be said.

-Warrior

India and the UK would have a lot of ex-colonial animosity to get over first. Give it another five-to-ten years to wait it out.

-Todetode

Yes I agree, this stuff needs time. OTL India steered clear of any English speaking nation for about 30 years, until liberalization and in OTL, it was mostly peaceful. However in Principia, there was a war of independence, plus he likely did not help the Indians like the British in OTL, based on his views on how empire should be run. Like resentment is likely higher. I agree with Todetode, it needs time, but I think possibly even more than five to ten years, to even reestablish diplomatic relationships. Especially because after this type of humiliation, Nationalism can rise, etc, and colonial treason is never seen as well (it took until the later 1800s for the US and Britain to form any major alliance.) I see little point in this event as well, other than perhaps a trying to attack the legitimacy of the prosperity sphere, and there are other ways to do this.

-Warrior

The Aztláni Fascists declare victory in the civil war, having isolated the Aliança to the far northern deserts where they are currently being pursued by the Aztláni Army. The economy, spurred on by massive government investment continues its growth and now exceeds pre-recession levels by a significant amount.

In the Texas territory of the Technate of Arcadia, unrest and displeasure with the non-republican regime turns into outright revolt. This revolution is supported by the Aztláni Fascists who are angered by the Arcadian efforts to prop up the Aliança.

  • Vinland: The 1928 elections sees the Progressive party winning the election with a considerable lead over the conservative party. The progressives also win most seats in the House of Liberty and the House of Freedom (lower house). Prime Minister Niklas Nystöm is inagurated on 18th October. Seeing the Aztláni civil war and the conflict in Savannah, the Prime Minister makes a speech about the need of stopping it.
  • India: The British offer is received with mixed feelings. Long debates are held in the Parliament over this offer and the alliance. Many see this as symbolic reparations for the damage done by the British while others oppose simply because of the history of colonisation. The Parliament is divided over the issue and this paralyses the Parliament for months and no major decisions are made. The literate urban community protests against as well as in favour of the offer. The influential Indo-Irish community (business community) lobbies in favour of the offer. To solve the worsening crisis, PM Nitin Wali holds an emergency meeting of the Cabinet on 29 May, it is decided that the offer will be accepted with the economic assistance being seen as reparations. On 30 May, in a joint meeting of the Upper and Lower houses, PM Wali announces the proposal, a vote is held and it is decided that the offer will be expected. However, strict limitations are established on the number of British soldiers that can enter the country (limited to 75,000 troops). Berthing rights for British ships are allowed only in selected ports (most of the ports). To calm public opinion, Nitin Wali writes a letter explaining the final arrangement, which is published in newspapers throughout the nation. The navy is expanded significantly with recent purchases and most naval expansion plans are put on hold. The Navy now consists of two Wacht-class battlecruisers (31,200 t) and one French dreadnought (25,000 t). Four armoured cruisers are put in reserve. The two light cruisers (2,000 t) that were being indigenously produced enter sea trials this year and the crude designs (based on Burgundian naval designs) provide important lessons to the Indian naval engineers on ship design mainly with destroyers and light cruisers. The Navy now consists of three capital ships, ten cruisers (8,000 t), ten submarines (1,200 t) and numerous destroyers and auxiliary ships. The Navy is divided into the Arabian Sea fleet (two Wacht-class battlecruisers, six cruisers, two submarines and 24 destroyers) and the Ganges Gulf fleet (French dreadnought, four cruisers and 24 destroyers). (58+16+n) destroyers. There are additionally two submarine squadrons (four each) and four destroyer squadrons (26+n)/4 each. The production of four new destroyer squadron leaders (3,000 t light cruisers) begins in Indian dockyards and is expected to be completed in two years. The lessons learned on the previous two designs are incorporated in the newer ones. These will be armed with the armament from the armoured cruisers in reserve. With British economic assistance and foreign investment, the railways continue to expand, now in a better way as Indian corporations begins setting up factories for the purpose with the help of European engineers. Trade with Britain opens up and diplomatic relations are established. With Chinese monetary aid, the government expands modern educational facilities to some of the rural areas while the municipal corporations hire companies to expand sanitation facilities in the cities. With the revenue required for the infrastructure projects collected. The government starts the Bharatmala and Sagarmala projects in October. The projects are integrated infrastructure development projects focusing on land based and water based transport respectively. They have been designed to supplement each other. Sagarmala focuses on the development of sea and riverine ports and dockyard capacity. The Sagarmala project will end in ten years with the development of National Waterways (rivers) including the Ganga, Brahmaputra, Sindhu, Krishna, Godavari and Mahanadi (plus their tributaries and deltas) and inland ports on these rivers. The seaports are also going to be modernised and expanded to handle more traffic and dockyard capacity will be boosted. Numerous Indian corporations are hired for the job. The Bharatmala project focuses on the development of the railways to connect the major centres of growth and most of the state capitals. Also included is the upgradation of the Grand Trunk Road (from Dhaka to Pratap Nagar (near Lahore)).
  • Uniõ de Cádiz: The economy recovers well this year with strong growth in finance, shipbuilding, and other industry. A metro line is built in Morocco and Algeria to connect the two. The Iberian, Moroccan, and Algerian economies all grow rapidly pushing unemployment down to 6.7%. Herrero-Correia Industrial demonstrates strong growth as the industrial sector grows, the company also introduces a gasoline-electric automobile which is marketed as a more reliable and less difficult to drive motor vehicle. The car variant is popular among the wealthy thanks to its ease of use (lack of standard transmission), and its sleek exterior. Fontes releases a similar vehicle class but with diesel as the fuel, the truck version is considered for military service as an ambulance and infantry carrier and Fontes is asked to develop a half-track version. Avia is tasked with developing a new torpedo bomber for naval use based on the B.20/25. The results in the BN.20/29, a biplane torpedo bomber capable of launch from all Union carriers. Avia also develops a new mono-wing fighter this year, the L.7/29 (Supermarine Type 224 with a non-gullwing). The plane is seriously underpowered and is sent back for redesign. The commercial air industry literally takes off with several mid-sized airplane operators appearing in major Union cities. Air travel now connects most major cities and new commercial air-fields are built to handle the new trafic. Solar-thermal power now accounts for 15% of electricity produced in the Union, mostly concentrated in the south. At the University of Barcelona, the university home to Alberto Ensico, new research into the structure of matter becomes a hot topic (pun intended), as radioactive sources become an area of intense study. These sources are used to probe the nature of matter itself and research progresses with significant government funding. In southern Morocco the regional economy becomes increasingly driven by the production of luxury crops for export to Europe year-round. Cannabis and Tomatoes constitute the majority of exports and the sale of cannabis becomes common-place across the EEA. Efforts to roll back the desert in southern Morocco continue and young trees now line the banks of the waterways. Population estimates determine that there are 57.48 million in Iberia, 11.50 million native Moroccans in Morocco, 6.29 million Iberians in Morocco, 6.67 million European Algerians, and 3.64 million Native in Algerians, for a total of 85.59 million in the Union proper. An interesting cultural development in Morocco and Andalucia comes to light. The poor economic conditions faced by these regions and the blending of Iberian, Islamic, and African music creates a unique musical genre. The genre is given the moniker “Jazz” by a Sevillan newspaper and the name sticks. Characterized by swing and off-notes (OTL Blue Notes) along with unique vocals the music has grown into an extremely popular cultural phenomenon. Miguel Ríos and Vicente Aleixandre are notable artists of the music who have begun to draw significant crowds. Jazz, however, is not the only cultural change in the Union. The failure of the Democratic Catholics of Iberia to foresee the depression led to the collapse of the party in 1926. This collapse, coupled with the economic difficulties and changing cultural landscape has led to growing number of atheist, agnostic, or pandeist young adults. Devotion to church, in all forms both Christian and Muslim, declines in step with the conservative DCI. In an effort to cut costs the military undergoes a reorganization. Troops are recruited from the colonies, and paid 65% of what a Union citizen would be paid in the military. These soldiers are promised citizenship in the Union and a stipend to purchase property upon the completion of 12 years of service. The cost-savings are predicted to allow the military to be expanded to 350,000 without greatly adding to the cost. The Empresa-class is completed and outfitted with Avia L.20/25N and Avia B.20/25N aircraft. The carriers are each outfitted to minimize the time required to get all 50 aircraft flying in an effort to improve combat efficiency. A new batch of Zapico-A-class hulls are laid down but with a unique concept in mind. The two test ships are classified as Cruiser Escort Carriers and will feature a ~125 meter flightdeck, two double turrets with 300 mm cannons, and a complement of 12 aircraft. Thankfully, the ships should be able to reach speeds of greater than 30 knots, reducing the need for a long runway. (Planes typically took off at 50-60 knots in this period so they would only need to accelerate 20 knots on the runway). The test ships will be put through trials and be employed as flotilla leaders. The composition of the air-wing on the Zapico-C-class is placed at six of both the Avia L.20/25N and Avia B.20/25N. These two ships are expected for service in late 1929. The Zapico-A-class continue construction with several hulls launched this year, the schedule is kept on track for a 1929 deployment date. Zapico-C-class light cruisers, are developed, essentially a Zapico-A-class hull with 15 150 mm cannons in place of the nine 200 mm cannons. Work continues on the Zapico-B-class and production will begin in 1929. Several former Union battleships, which have yet to sell, are recommissioned briefly as test ships. Stripped of all valuable or volatile internal components the hulls are used to test the Empresa-class and their planes.
    • República de las Antillas Ibéricas: The return of tourism begins to revive the struggling economies of the Antillas.
    • Las Repúblicas Colonias: Growth returns to the republic as demand from the United Kingdom drags raw material production higher. In Angola factories, mills, and refineries spring back to life as demand returns. Meanwhile, Senegay-Guinea experiences some of the industrialization found in Angola’s growth.
  • Kingdom of Burgundy: The 1928 general elections see the continuation of the so-called “Royal Coalition”, and Prime Minister Albwin Eicher's government receives an expanded majority in the States-General. The results are seen as a confirmation of public support behind King Rogier's government. After a year long evaluation, it is concluded the East Indies United Defense Command doesn’t yet possess the ability to properly manage the battleships transferred to it. As such, the battleships are recalled to Burgundy, and the Naval Relations Board convenes a committee to determine the appropriate dominions to transfer them to. In light of the recall of the battleships, the EIUDC places orders for additional cruisers to fill the void, and to ensure the states’ territorial waters are properly patrolled and protected. For the Burgundian Navy itself, it lays down six new treaty-compliant cruisers, the Wavre-class, slightly reduced in armament to nine 8”/55 caliber guns in three triple turrets over stability concerns with the design of the Venlo-class. Construction of the enclosure dam of the the Zuiderzee continues on schedule, and in anticipation of its completion, Burgundian geologists and engineers begin evaluating potential areas for land reclamation. The expansion of the inland canal network also progresses smoothly. The two projects, plus the associated industry needed to fuel them, helps bring the national unemployment level down to an estimated 7.7% and continues to fall. Early in the year, the Burgundian weapons company, Maussen, demonstrates to representatives of both the army and navy a new design for an anti-aircraft autocannon. Thoroughly impressed by its performance, the military authorizes manufacture of what it calls the 1.57” LaK (“Luchtafweer kanon”, or “air defense cannon”) L/60 (OTL Bofors 40 mm). Burgundian Airlines continue to expand their routes. Requests are sent to France, Iberia, Germany, Belka, UK, Arcadia, Arabia, India, Swahili, and China to allow Burgundian airline companies like KLM and Delta to begin commercial flights into their countries (PLAYER/MOD RESPONSE, PLEASE).
    • India: We allow the Burgundian Airlines to use the four civilian aerodromes at Karachi, Mysore, Indraprastha (east of OTL Delhi, NOIDA) and Pataliputra.
    • Scandinavia: Hey, what about us?._.
      • Burgundian Dip: And the request is extended to Scandinavia, too:)
    • China–Korea agrees.
  • Technate of Arcadia:The police force in Texas is feeling the pressure of it Texan Rebellion, these rebellions are probably in response to Arcadia's involvement in Aztlán politics. The general directorate and the directorate of Defence both agree that the best course of action against this second Texan rebellion is to be milliary as it is clear that this is a breaking the Walter Pickler constitution of 1925, Which means the Texan actions are deemed Illegal. First Act that the General Directorate and the Directorate of Defence do is the founding of the Interior Defence Guard, which is a internal guard used as an extension to the police force. The difference being between the regular police and the interior defence guard is the weaponry and the laws that they have to follow. With the maximum amount of weaponry of a regular police officer being a baton, a sabre or a quarter staff with a revolver in dangerous areas if needed and allowed. The guard being allowed stink bombs which produce have a unbearable smell, which is not little but very annoying to the victim, tear gas is also a allowed for these forces if needed, they can also use batons and some lighter guns. Although these can only be used under martial law. these guards can also our rest any individual for 12 hours if they pose a threat to the guard or the community. This interior defence guard is clad like the regular army. This includes putees and a helmet. Although the quality of these coatings are usually less than the army variant. In total 100,000 Guards are recruited from veterans and youths; as the guard recruits from the age of 16 and the army from the age of 21. These guards are stationed at various regions of Texas where rebellious acts are expected to come from. They are acompanied by 10,000 policemen in total from the area, as working with the Technate would get them promoted when the rebelion is striken down. In certain Urban Regions the army is placed like in the City of Houston and other cities of Texas. These soldiers have in their barricades a lot of Stinkbombs and tear gas. At some barricades the army uses barricades with the middle being a tachanka carying mostly flairs but also one medium machine gun which is not allowed to be used unless permission granted by their Supervisors which can be a colonel, lieutenant or other officer. The Amouth of soldiers being equal to 60,000 of the active soldiers. At the same time the Reserves are mobilised to handle this treat.
  • Empire of Uluru: With the massive amounts of Indian Muslims who have now immigrated to Uluru (Dev said it was something like six million), we begin doing our best to integrate them into existing Ulurun society as they become a large part of the population. The introduction of so many new individuals causes a large population boom, with a census launched near the end of the year finding that the population has now reached about 27 Million. Due to the millions of Ulurun citizens who now speak the language, as a measure to show that we will accept them alongside the many other ethnic groups in Uluru, and due to a request from India (from Dev in Discord) we make Dakhini one of the official secondary languages of the Empire, alongside English, Yura (the main language), the Pama-Nyungan languages, and numerous languages spoken by the different immigrant groups. Industrialization continues as the long delayed work on linking the many underdeveloped rural areas of Uluru to the main road systems and elecrifying them finally resumes as the economy continues to grow and recover from the recession, as we finally are able to focus on those projects again instead of on keeping the economy from completely falling apart. We are able to slightly lower taxes this year and cut back on some of our more aggressive economic poloies, although most stay in place or now. We begin to take full advantage of the trans Ulurun railroad system we constructed several years ago, using it to increase the pace of our industrialization and to reach areas where it was previously much harder to reach, with several companies beginning to have majoriy shares, though no monopolies due to the strict regulations we have now begun putting into effect, to control most of the trains and shipping throughout Uluru. We also continue to build up our navy, constructing five more ships this year. The alliance with Borealia is gladly accepted, and we wish to build an embassy in the Borealian Capital. We also desire to open an alliance with China-Korea (a response to an offer for it in a Discord earlier) because we are seeking to ally with powerful and friendly nearby nations and we desire to expand our horizons beyond our GIOCPS allies alone, although obviously we have no desire to stop being part of the organization or end our alliances and friendships with the other members (CHINA RESPONSE NEEDED). A parliament is officially created this year by the regent, Ranga Tmy, despite strong opposition from Emperor Omeo who, despite his frequent drunkenness and disinterest in ruling still doesn’t tolerate such challenges to the power of the Royal Family. However, as regent Ragna was given absolute power until Omeo reaches the age of 18, when he would legally be an adult, and he is thus able to decide what is ”best” for the young Emperor and, thus, make the decisions, although his attempt to create a constitution that would have allowed him to stay in power even when Omeo passed the age of 18 is successfully blocked by the Emperor. Several political pages are formed and take many seats in the parliament, including the National Party (The Emperors personal party), The technocratic party, the Marshal Party, and the Labour Party. Inspired by the moves of nearbye nation, the first Ulurun Films are filmed this year, with several becoming extremely popular. 
    • China–Korea enthuastically agrees to an offer of an alliance.
  • China—Korea continues to experience a resurgence in wealth and prosperity, with secured control over East Asia providing a source of national pride. Urbanization continues, with agricultural advances resulting in the oversaturation of the agricultural sector and therefore causing the movement of youth to urban areas, due to higher employment opportunities and access to a wider variety of social services. The urban population now is estimated to constitute half of the total population, considerably higher than in 1920 (where it was found to be 30%). The Progressive—Conservative Party continue to consolidate their control over the Grand Secretariat, and continue to cement their popularity within the public as the members of both the Conservative and Liberal—Democratic Parties collapse and become increasingly embroiled in widely-publicized scandals. The midterms last year result in an even higher voter turnout for women, with about 95% of registered voters (representing 70% of women above the age of 18 years) casting their vote. This, along with increased youth activism and the increasing role of college campuses as centers of socio-political movements and discussion, has brought a new dynamic in Sino—Korean politics. However, political dynasties continue to predominate — especially within rural areas. Due to a revival in Confucian thought, the usage of civil examinations to determine one’s eligibility to acquire certain political posts (to be regulated by the Ministry of Examinations) is reestablished, though with modern and more inclusive criteria. Tianjin (due to high-ranking Christian clergymen being based there, and the concentration of historic churches) remains the center of Asian Christianity, with adherents of the Confucian-rite Church constituting 40% of the population, with other Catholics and Protestants comprising another 10%. The Church once again affirms Nestorianism as one of their core tenets, though remains largely Catholic otherwise. Sound films, colloquially referred to as “talkies” soar in popularity. The first of highly elaborate “palace theaters” are constructed — with large expansive screens and comprehensive sound systems, and being capable of seating hundreds or even exceeding a thousand moviegoers. The Tianjin film industry surpasses that of Shanghai’s, due to cheaper land prices and proximity to a wider variety of biomes. The “Tianjin Code” is established, fining films with content deemed “immoral” and also barring them to be shown during daytime hours. However these restrictions do not stall the growth of the film industry. Radio also continues to be in popular usage, with its spread allowing for a revival in music (at the expense of traditional mediums such as the record). R&B begins to shed earlier Russian influences, and becomes more “urban”—being characterized by a more distinctive, prominent beat and quicker tempo. Bubblegum pop, and same-sex vocal groups also become more popular, especially within the youth. Radio also becomes a platform for radio shows and soap operas, receiving moderate popularity, mainly within communities with less movie theaters. The construction boom of high-end shopping streets and indoor markets continue, with increasingly elaborate exterior designs. Comprehensive heat regulation systems are installed to improve comfortability, with many buildings spanning several floors and having elevators instead of just stairs. As a result of new attitudes towards consumption, saving rates decrease but this is offset by lower taxes and government assumption of pensions. As part of this consumption boom, the demand for cosmetics, clothing, and other luxury goods—as well as services offered in dermatological clinics and spas — increases rapidly, providing a source of tax revenue for the government. While commercial aircraft are no longer an uncommon sight, the primary mode of transportation remains railway or via automobile, or via steamship. Seaplanes however, are somewhat popular due to public endearment and the purchase of ex-military seaplanes and conversion for commercial usage. The military is decreased to 2.5 million troops, mainly on the border with Russia and China—Korea’s associated states. The production of 250,000 units of the semi-automatic firearm SL-25 is completed, though reviews are largely unfavorable. Due to this, the standard infantry firearm remains a bolt-action rifle. A new model, the TJ-28, is made however—having an eight-round magazine instead of a five-round one, this increasing the rate of fire. The Emergency Naval Bill of 1927 goes into full swing, with main changes including the construction of 60 or so torpedo boats (with seagoing capabilities), while reducing the number of built light carriers from 20 to 12, and the retention of older ship classes. In addition, many of the newer ships are installed with radar, and anti-aircraft guns. The second Huanglong-class fleet carrier is commissioned. In addition, a light carrier, four cruisers, eleven destroyers, five submarines, and five torpedo boats are commissioned. With increased tensions in South China Sea – especially with Burgundian militarization of its possessions, military forces in Indochina are placed on high alert.

Footnotes

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