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This Alternate History is based on the POD that Gavrilo Princip, a Serbian terrorist, was arrested before assassinating the Archduke of Austria-Hungary. OTL he did it and started WWI. What would happen if he didn't?
Gavrilo Princip is arrested before he assassinates Archduke Ferdinand. Tensions between major powers continue, but do not develop into a war yet.
Observing the independence of most of the Americas, Africans begin to desire independence. Protests are held in Egypt and Nigeria, but nothing changes. Woodrow Wilson is reelected President.
The Russian Revolution is delayed, since the war does not force hardship on the Russians.
A riot in British East Africa is put down with violence. Thirteen protesters and a British soldier are killed. This sparks a small three-day war that ends in bloodshed. Africans are massacred and the Brits impose strict control over all African citizens.
1920-1929 (Rebellion and War Buildup)
Small clashes like this continue. The Prime Minister is getting worried.
Democrat James M. Cox wins the presidency in a landslide over Republican Warren G. Harding, thanks to the popularity of the Wilson Administration, Democrat control over the Irish Americans (stopped by Wilson allying with Britain OTL) and attacks on Harding's grammar (normalcy rather than normality).
The People’s Army of Nigeria is formed. On October 5, they acquire guns and begin a march on the administrative office. The Brits fire a warning shot at them, but Nigerian citizens hear gunfire and mob the Brits. Surrounded by soldiers and angry citizens, the commander opens fire. The Africans charge, killing almost the entire British garrison, and siege the governor’s office. The office is bombed, and the governor and most officials are killed in the blast. Mobs rule the streets, and British reinforcements cannot take control. From the rubble of the office, Agani Kolagi, the Officer General of the People’s Army; declares himself President of Nigeria. The British Army sends in planes, showering the city with machine-gun fire. The populace throws itself behind President Kolagi, and after the planes leave, the army (and government) begins to organize itself. The War of Nigeria begins.
By February, Egypt begins to fight for independence, and soon the African Independence Council (AIC) is formed, comprising representatives of Egypt, Sudan, British East Africa, and British Somaliland. Nigeria declines.
After the public execution of 1,000 British troops in Nigeria, Britain offers a “Partial Separation Act” in which Nigeria becomes quasi-independent, but still largely a British colony. The messenger’s head is mailed back to England. Incumbent Cox is deafeated by Republian Calvin Coolidge (Harding's running mate).
As an “example of the value of peace”, the members of AIC are given limited autonomy.
In Russia, the Revolution is peaceful, and creates a merely liberal Socialist state rather than a totalitarian Communist one. Britain begins withdrawal of troops from the members of AIC, and grants them “total internal autonomy”, although the nations’ foreign relations are controlled by Britain.
Nigeria is released from British rule, mostly because of public opinion that forcing more Brit boys to be killed fighting them is murder. President Kolagi, however, is shot on the way out. Nigeria descends into anarchy.
Fearing that revolutionary spirit would spread to its colonies, France grants limited power to its African lands. Britain releases the AIC countries from the Empire. They become “model democracies” for Africa. Adolf Hitler’s Nazi movement picks up followers, his doctrines of white supremacy amplified by the revolutions in Africa. Vice President Herbert Hoover defeats Democrat Al Smith.
The Free African League is formed, consisting of Ethiopia, Egypt, Sudan, Somalia, and Kenya. The Free African League’s mission is to transition Africa to a peaceful democracy. The U.S.S.R. allows the breakaway republics of Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine, Poland, Chechnya, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Yakut partial autonomy under the condition that they keep a socialist government. They do. The Russian Naval Territory of Vladivostok stays under Russian control. China’s revolution occurs, but it creates a republic rather than a communist state.
1930-1939 (The Great War)
Japan sees a new, weak country as its chance to gain its “rightful territory”. They invade the Kuril Islands and the Siberian mainland. A small war is fought, and the Japanese are victorious, emerging with most of Yakut. Worried that it may lose its other colonies, Britain keeps a close watch for revolutionary activity in India and its other major colonies. Austria-Hungary, seeing that colonies are collapsing, decides to widen its direct control so that its power doesn’t drain away. It invades Bosnia, setting off a war with the Ottoman Empire. A bloody revolution in Belgian-controlled Congo starts a dictatorship, but at the same time Tunisia negotiates its way into freedom and joins the FAL. Hitler declares that if the Kaiser will not support “racial purity”, it is the duty of Germans to overthrow the Kaiser. He is arrested, but support for him increases.
Liberia, a puppet of the U.S. government, starts a war to liberate German-controlled Togoland. This is a calculated move to gain the support of the FAL and Germany’s rivals without outright attacking Germany. Hitler is sprung from jail and sends his personal militia to kill Kaiser Wilhem. Wilhem is rushed from the capital. Hitler, backed by the German people, has most of the officials killed and proclaims himself Chancellor. Kaiser Wilhem flees to Switzerland.
Austria-Hungary wins much of Bosnia, but when the Ottoman Empire, seen by Hitler as an evil Muslim state, tries to retake it; it is attacked by Germany. The Ottomans appeal to Britain, France, and the FAL to help them. At the same time, Hitler orders the invasion of Poland. The Soviet republics aid their comrade nation, and the Great War starts.
Herbert Hoover is reelected for a second term over Franklin D. Roosevelt (Theodore Roosevelt's cousin and Cox's Vice President) despite the Great depression.
Heavy fighting in Bosnia between Austria-Hungary and the Ottomans. Germany loses East Prussia to the Soviets. British clamp down on their colonies — they don’t want to lose more at a vital time like this. Brit colony of Walvis Bay absorbed into German Southwest Africa. Brits retaliate but are beaten. FAL attempts to liberate German East Africa, but only takes a small portion. Meanwhile, Uganda’s FAL/Brit force is massacred by the Germans. Liberian forces in Togoland are defeated by Hitler’s armies.The Holocaust begins.
Fighting continues in the Balkans. Bosnia is being bombed to oblivion. United States formally takes command of Liberia as a “tactical base”. Pointless war in Togoland continues. French fight the Germans in the Alsace-Lorraine valley. Spain feels threatened by the French cutting into the German colony of Cameroon. One of their colonies is in Cameroon, and they think the French will take it. Spain begins to supply the Germans. The Arabian states and Iran want what they perceive as their lands back, and this war is the perfect time for it. Arabia, Kuwait, and Iran declare war on the Ottoman Empire. Hitler grudgingly accepts their help.The Soviet republics, Poland, FAL, Britain and the USA declare war on Arabia Kuwait and Iran.
Japan strikes deep into Yakut without warning. French troops blast through Cameroon and into the Spanish enclave. Spain declares war on France. Andorra, caught between the fighting empires, joins France for protection. America takes over Togoland and makes it another “tactical base”. President Hoover, voted to a second term due to popular support for the war, is now being pointed to as a tyrant who is ignoring economic crisis at home so he can fight a useless war abroad. A movement to overthrow the president begins.
Spain advances deep into France. The kingdoms of Bavaria and Saxony break away from Germany, due to their opinion of this as a “Prussian supremacy” war. The rest of Germany remains a dictatorship under Hitler, now renamed Prussia. Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg unify as the Benelux Confederation for protection from Germany. A week before the U.S. election, President Hoover, participating in a parade, is attacked by a mob. He is murdered along with Vice President Charles Curtis. The electoral system falls apart, and the United States government barely functions as it tries to judge the next President. America withdraws from the war.
Yakut Chief Minister Leolt’eva Sargylan denounces Russia for its lack of support for the nation. Two weeks later, Japanese forces overtake Yakut completely. Cameroon and its Spanish enclave come under French control. The United States determines its president to be Franklin Roosevelt who is inaugarated on March 4 to keep with tradition. The United States of America USA remains neutral.
Spain reaches Paris and overthrows the French government. The puppet state of the Franco-Spanish Republic is set up, but after several months, France falls into anarchy. It is divided into several warring dictatorships: Burgundy, Normandy, and Oc half of France is still unclaimed, and a few small states are set up that quickly fall apart. French colonies are abandoned. Its Indochina ones manage to set up functioning, albeit totalitarian, governments. But the majority of African colonies descend into anarchy. Austria-Hungary signs a peace treaty with the Ottoman Empire.
The dictator of Congo is replaced with a socialist democracy. It is renamed the People’s Republic of the Congo. The FAL withdraws from the war. A revolution in Ireland makes it an independent republic. Prussia takes over the unclaimed portion of France and sets up a puppet called the Independent Republic of East France. Austria-Hungary splits into the republics of Austria and Hungary. The Balkan colonies of the Ottoman Empire are given independence.
The Soviet countries, Prussia, Britain, and Spain sign a peace treaty. Conditions: Prussian conditions are that Poland will get back its territory, East France will be given sovereignty, and the Holocaust will cease. Spanish conditions are that they will give back the French land they took in 1936-38. British conditions are to give back German land they took in Africa. All parties agree. The Moldovan government recognizes the state of Transnistria as independent. Spain grants independence to the Basque Republic, but the newly formed country takes up part of Oc. Basque and Oc enter a war. The Ottoman Empire continues to fight with Kuwait, Iran, and Arabia. President Roosvelt is reelected over Republican Wendell Wilkie.
The Holocaust ceases. Adolf Hitler is assassinated. Quickly, Nazi leaders try to take control, but the Prussian people are disillusioned with the political party in general. By July, the Prussian state falls apart, and various dictators take over the fractured country, apart from the new People’s Republic of Allemagne. Only a small part retains loyalty to the Third Reich. Germany’s African colonies are annexed by the British, and East France is ripped apart by Oc, Normandy, and Burgundy. Japan attempts to take the Russian Naval Territory of Vladivostok, triggering the Second Russo-Japanese War. Yakut Chief Minister Sargylan’s last words before he is executed in Tokyo are “If Russia no longer supports her comrades, then all we fought for is lost.” Bulgaria and Greece become Soviet democracies, heightening the fear of spreading communism in the United States.
The former French colony of Algeria becomes independent. Although unstable, it is democratic and joins the FAL. Nigeria establishes itself as an organized but totalitarian country. French Somaliland is absorbed into the FAL. India rebels against British rule and becomes an independent nation, then splits into three countries: Pakistan, India, and Burma. Nepal is annexed by China. Pakistan and India have democratic governments, but Burma is ruled by an oppressive regime. Britain decides not to retaliate against the attacks, but increases its control over its few remaining colonies.
The United States appears on the world stage again when Franklin Roosevelt is attacked as a communist dictator. Roosevelt attempts to retaliate, but is defeated in the elections. Thomas Dewey becomes President. German East Africa (renamed British Southeast Africa) is liberated and broken up into the republics of Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, and Zanzibar. Rwanda and Burundi join the FAL, and Zanzibar negotiates an alliance with it. Uganda is also freed, but returns to its former status as an isolationist kingdom. Madagascar establishes itself as an independent kingdom. However, rumors of horrific acts leak out. Madagascar is not invited to join the FAL.
A revolution in Togoland is crushed by the American military. Sierra Leone is liberated, but to the anger of the FAL, becomes an American “tactical base”.Pressure mounts for the USA to abandon their tactical bases, but Preident Dewey refuses.
After another revolution in Togoland, it splits into the republics of Benin and Togo. The United States declares war on both countries. Angry at this white-dominated nation destroying West Africa, President Hanab of the FAL declares war on the United States of America. Congo, Tanzania, and Zanzibar follow suit. The Afro-American War begins. Russia and Japan sign a peace treaty, the terms of which are that Japan cedes everything back to the Russians except Sakhalin Island and the Kuril Islands.
America bombs Benin heavily, destroying most of the army. It and Togo are being pulverized, and President Dewey proclaims that it is a minor rebellion and will be over by Christmas. Riding a wave of patriotism, Dewey wins a second term over “communist” Henry Wallace. The FAL bombs an American warship off of the coast of Togo. Congo sends troops to Benin and Togo. The Benelux Confederation disbands, as “there is no longer a threat to our nations”. Heavy fighting in Benin as FAL, Congo, and local troops batter Americans.
The Czech Republic secedes from Austria, with a small war. Tanzania torpedoes an American cruiser off the coast of Africa. The country is invaded, but has the powerful combined backup of the FAL, Zanzibar, and Congo concentrated around it. American troops are being slaughtered. Race riots become common in America. Dewey’s polls soar (except among African-Americans). Sierra Leone is briefly liberated by the FAL, but American troops wipe out the new government after a month. Zanzibar is bombed, but a secret anti-aircraft system shoots down 86 bombers and fighters on August 3rd. America sticks to shelling it with the Navy.
1950-1959 (McCarthy Era)
Senator Joseph McCarthy fuels a popular anti-communist, anti-black sentiment, supported by most of the government. Henry Wallace is arrested for treason and is jailed with almost no evidence. The Republicans gain a huge majority in Congress, and Dewey’s polls reach huge percentages. An American aircraft carrier is sunk by a FAL submarine. FAL capital of Cairo is bombed.
Liberia’s Officer of Internal Affairs asks for Liberian troops not to be sent into this war. He is sacked and jailed. President Dewey makes his big blunder: he tries to veto a bill that would prevent communists from working in the U.S. government. Congress overrides him, but Dewey’s polls plummet. President Dewey is portrayed as a traitor who will try to complete FDR’s socialization of America, even though this is contrary to what has been said since 1944. Japan withdraws its troops and re-establishes Yakut.
Strom Thurmond is elected president almost unanimously over the more moderate General Dwight Eisenhower. The Balkan Republic breaks up into four states: Bosnia, Albania, Macedonia, and the Aegean Republic.
President Thurmond enforces segregation heavily, with long sentences in jail for anyone who breaks the Jim Crow laws. He declares Dewey a traitor, and continues the war in Africa despite the massive loss of American life. He authorizes torture as a method of extracting information from African prisoners of war. When the Supreme Court shot down this act as unconstitutional, Thurmond declared them communists and tried to meddle with the system of checks and balances to get them fired. This, however, did not work. The Soviet countries issue a statement that condemns Thurmond’s actions.
President Thurmond is interrupted during his State of the Union speech. Stepping up to the podium, a young man named John Fitzgerald Kennedy reads a passage from the Declaration of Independence about the fact that all men are created equal. He is jailed, but public opinion quickly changes in his favor. President Thurmond’s polls drop. In the midterm elections, the Democrats take back Congress. In jail, Henry Wallace writes a book satirizing the radically shifting political climate. The Third Reich Nationalist State is absorbed peacefully into Bavaria. End of the Third Reich.
President Thurmond withdraws troops from Tanzania, wishing to elevate his polls. The American public recognizes the reason, and they only elevate a tiny bit. The south of the People’s Republic of Congo, still largely under the control of Belgians who were cut off when the Benelux Confederation was declared, rebels and starts a long war against Congo. British Southwest Africa becomes independent as the two republics of Namibia and Walvis Bay. Namibia falls back into the hands of local kings, but Walvis becomes a rich shipping mini-state.
President Thurmond announces that he will not seek reelection. Most former German states join the People’s Republic of Allemagne. The only exceptions are Bavaria and East Prussia. Australia gains its independence. South Africa is divided into two countries as the British leave: the Boer State of Africa and the Cape Republic. The Cape Republic remains under loose British control. Swaziland and Lesotho also become independent, and Lesotho joins FAL. Adlai Stevenson is elected President in a rather unremarkable campaign against Dwight Eisenhower.
President Stevenson’s first act in office is to allow Togo, Benin, Liberia, and Sierra Leone independence. Sierra Leone and Togo join FAL, Benin reverts back to its kingdom state, and Liberia collapses. It joins the large chunk of unclaimed and anarchical land in West Africa. FAL states that they will no longer conduct trade relations with the United States. Libya, Eritrea, and Italian Somaliland gain independence. Only Eritrea joins FAL. The dictatorial Indochina Republic separates into three semi-democratic states: Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia.
The African empire of Mali emerges from the bloody war in West Africa. Nyasaland is independent as Malawi and is absorbed into FAL. Britain’s only remaining colonies in Africa are Rhodesia, Bechuanaland, Gold Coast, and Gambia. Zulu declares itself independent from the Cape Republic, and a large war begins with the Boers and Zulus on one side, and the Capeians and British on the other. Montenegro overthrows its king and establishes a republic. The Ottoman Empire invades Egypt, destroying FAL’s capital city. A temporary one is set up in Tunis, and all FAL countries pitch in to stop the invasion force.
The Ottoman Empire collapses after its sultan is killed by Arabian forces. It divides itself into Turkey, Palestine, Kurdistan, and Iraq. A lot of its land is snatched by Arabia and Iran. The invasion of Egypt ceases and the land is regained, but Malawi and Eritrea break off from FAL, stating that they cannot be part of such an unstable alliance. Oc tries to invade Switzerland, but it is beaten back by the well-trained Swiss army. A war in Libya separates it into the isolationist, backwater South Libya and the powerful shipping state of Tripoli. Spain gives up its Spanish Sahara colony. It becomes independent as the Saharan Alliance. Cameroon rises again.
1960-1969 (Hippie Era)
President Stevenson is rejected for renomination, and is replaced by a memorable face: John F. Kennedy, the man who interrupted Strom Thurmond’s speech. Kennedy bans segregation, and promises to help rehabilitate anyone who was hurt by Thurmond’s administration. As his vice president, he chooses recently released Henry Wallace. The Communism Act that Dewey tried to stop was banned as unconstitutional. Liberia emerges as a finally independent country. Bavaria expresses an interest in regaining Germany’s African colonies. The President of Allemagne refuses to allow a rehash of colonialism. Guinea develops as a fairly large West African state. The FAL issues a statement: “Our goal is almost complete.” The last few colonies in Africa are: Angola, Portuguese East Africa, Rhodesia, Bechuanaland, Gold Coast, Gambia, Portuguese Guinea, and Spanish Morocco.
Portugal, after much pressure from FAL, releases its three colonies. However, without any bother from Portugal to set up a government, Guinea is absorbed into the Malian Empire, and Angola and Mozambique come under the control of dictators. President Kennedy is so far the most popular president. He fixes up Roosevelt’s New Deal, which had been weakened by Dewey and Thurmond, and tries to re-establish relations with FAL. The hippie movement begins.
The Democrats have a near monopoly on Congress at this point. The Dixiecrats lose all their seats in Congress and are no longer active as a political party. Britain and FAL sign the Treaty of Cairo. This releases all British lands “excepting the Kingdoms of England, Scotland, Wales, and the Isle of Man.” Rhodesia becomes Zimbabwe and joins FAL, and the many British islands are claimed by other nations. Queen Elizabeth says, “I am proud that Britain has found the courage to do this.”
President Kennedy is shot by Lee Harvey Oswald. Henry Wallace quickly takes the oath of office as Kennedy is rushed to the hospital, where he dies. Spain is under pressure to leave Spanish Morocco alone.
President Wallace defeats Barry Goldwater in the elections. Albert Einstein’s nuclear work is discovered. He kept it secret throughout the Great War and the Afro-American War, not wanting it to be used. President Wallace, however, forbids the government to build a nuclear warhead. More and more workers’ rights are developing, with less power to the executives. Strom Thurmond writes a book portraying Stevenson, Kennedy, and Wallace as the start of a Communist dynasty. It is largely ignored, but a devoted following begins.
The Republicans take back some seats in Congress. Spain frees Spanish Morocco. President Dogor of the FAL proclaims “Our job is done! Now we must transition Africa to a democracy.” The FAL disbands, but the countries still work together to democratize Africa. French Equatorial Africa—the last land left unclaimed—becomes the countries of Chad, Gabon, and Central Africa.
Richard Nixon is defeated by Hubert Humphrey. Strom Thurmond declares the election invalid, and calls Humphrey a communist. Congo finally stops the rebels. Thurmond, Nixon, and a few former Dixiecrats form CSP, the Committee to Stop the President. Privately, it is known as COP, the Committee to Overthrow the President. The hippie movement dies away.
1970-1979 (Second McCarthy Era)
1970: Congress swings back under Republican control. The tide of opinion is beginning to turn back to the early 50s, and CSP is gaining power.
Richard Nixon becomes President. He starts another McCarthy-style witch hunt, and several people are arrested, including most of the Kennedys, Lyndon Johnson, and Henry Wallace. President Nixon sets up a nuclear program.
Nixon commits suicide, but stages it to look like a FAL-backed assassination. New President Spiro Agnew pledges to rid the world of Communists. Segregation comes into force again, backed by the combined Republican-Dixiecrat party. The former FAL criticizes Nixon and Agnew.
Two investigative journalists discover incriminating documents that reveal plots between Strom Thurmond, Richard Nixon, and other Dixiecrat-Republicans. They find out about Nixon’s staged suicide. The documents are released, and the Supreme Court reviews them. Agnew declares war on the former FAL as “punishment for their assassination of our great leader”. Heavy fighting in Egypt ensues. America detonates its first nuclear bomb.
Spiro Agnew and Strom Thurmond are impeached and jailed. Speaker of the House Carl Albert becomes President. Albert, however, continues the war in Egypt.
Jimmy Carter is elected President, and stops the war. However, most African countries sign a pact not to have any dealings with America. The exceptions are Liberia, Walvis Bay, and Tripoli.
President Carter apologizes for the actions of CSP. He brings the U.S.A. to a fairly peaceful, isolationist stance. Jimmy also has the people that were arrested in the second McCarthy Era released and bans segregation. The country enters an isolationist mood and becomes peaceful and more equal.
1980- 1989 (Isolation Era)
Walter Mondale wins the Presidency. Although unpopular, he is elected mainly due to public fear of the Republican Party.
The 1980s: Women later gain the right to vote as do blacks and other peoples of other races. By 1989 the United States has a small quantity of nukes, a peaceful, equal society, and shifts to environmentalism.
1990-1999 (Clinton Era)
President Bill Clinton pledges to return the U.S.A. to its former status. It is still an isolated and self-reliant nation. The FAL countries and many European nations do not trust America and still refuse to trade with it.
2000- (New World Order)
Al Gore is elected President.
Members of the terrorist group al-Qaeda crash fully-loaded passenger planes into Canary Wharf and Buckingham Palace. As firefighters clear away the rubble and Prince Charles is hastily crowned King of England, Prime Minister Tony Blair declares a war on terror.
After the botched invasion of Afghanistan, Tony Blair is condemned by the international community.
The world in 2006 ATL is very different from ours. Britain is the world leader, the Soviet Union still exists, China and Japan are still mostly closed, Africa is more peaceful and richer, a Democrat-run United States is not active and mostly agrarian, socialism has spread, the powers of France and Germany are broken up, America has fairly low nuclear capability and is one of only three countries with nuclear power, and the world is still mostly focused on Europe.