| Prince-Elector of Saxony|
Kurfürst von Sachsen
Coat of Arms of the House Wettin
|Style:||His Serene Higness|
|Heir apparent:||John Frederick|
|First monarch:||Rudolf I|
|Formation:||10 January 1356|
Title and Style
The official title of the current Prince-Elector of Saxony is:
- His Serene Highness, John Frederick von Wettin, Prince-Elector of Saxony, Duke of Anhalt, Margrave of Meissen, Langrave of Hesse, Landgrave of Thuringia, Protector of Brunswick-Göttingen, and Archmarshal of the Holy Roman Empire
His formal style is "His Serene Higness," while his form of personal address is "Your Highness." The use of the formal style is uncommon in the court of John Frederick but his personal style is mandated by law.
The Golden Bull of 1356 established the Electorate of Saxony, from the Duchy of Saxe-Wittenberg. The Dukes of Saxe-Wittenberg were all from the House of Ascania, and they were the ones given electoral dignity in 1356 (specifically Rudolf I).
The electoral Ascanian line went extinct in 1422. Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund bestowed the electoral dignity upon the margrave of Meissen and landgrave of Thuringia, Frederick I. This created some conflict with the Anhalt branch of the Ascanian line, but that line would also go extinct and be granted to Saxony under Frederick III.
After the death of Frederick II in 1464, a conflict arose between his two sons, Ernest and Albert. Ernest, the elder, had the de jure claim to the electorate but, to avoid a pending conflict, ceded half of his territories to his younger brother in the Treaty of Leipzig. This rift was closed when Frederick III reclaimed the Albertine lands from Albert's son, George, in 1517.
|Prince-Electors of Saxony|
|1||Rudolf I||1356||1356||Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg from 1298|
|2||Rudolf II||1356||1370||Son of Rudolf I|
|3||Wenceslaus||1370||1388||Brother of Rudolf II|
|4||Rudolf III||1388||1419||Son of Wenceslaus|
|5||Albert||1419||1422||Brother of Rudolf III|
|6||Frederick I||1423||1428||"the Warlike"|
|7||Frederick II||1428||1464||"the Gentle;" son of Frederick I|
|8||Ernest||1464||1486||Son of Frederick II|
"the Wise;" son of Ernest
Holy Roman Emperor as Frederick IV from 1520-1526
"the Steadfast;" brother of Frederick III
Holy Roman Emperor from 1526-1532
Son of John
Duke of Hesse from 1527
|12||Ernest II||Heir; son of John Frederick|