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Presidents of the United States (New World Democracy)

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The President of the United States of America (acronym: POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States. The president leads the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces.

Article II of the U.S. Constitution vests the executive power of the United States in the president and charges him with the execution of federal law, alongside the responsibility of appointing federal executive, diplomatic, regulatory, and judicial officers, and concluding treaties with foreign powers, with the advice and consent of the Senate. The president is further empowered to grant federal pardons and reprieves, and to convene and adjourn either or both houses of Congress under extraordinary circumstances. Since the founding of the United States, the power of the president and the federal government have grown substantially and each modern president, despite possessing no formal legislative powers beyond signing or vetoing congressionally passed bills, is largely responsible for dictating the legislative agenda of his party and the foreign and domestic policy of the United States. The president is frequently described as the most powerful person in the world.

The president is indirectly elected by the people through the Electoral College to a four-year term, and is one of only two nationally elected federal officers, the other being the Vice President of the United States.[16] The Twenty-second Amendment, adopted in 1951, prohibits anyone from ever being elected to the presidency for a third full term. It also prohibits a person from being elected to the presidency more than once if that person previously had served as president, or acting president, for more than two years of another person's term as president. In all, 43 individuals have served 55 four-year terms. On January 20, 2009, Joshua William Harrison became the 44th and current president.

List of Presidents of the United States

██No Party ██Federalist ██Republican Party ██Democratic Party ██Whig Party ██ Democratic-Republican

No. President Took office Left office Party Vice President
1 George Washington April 30, 1789 March 4, 1797 no party John Adams
2 John Adams March 4, 1797 March 4, 1801 Federalist Thomas Jefferson
3 Thomas Jefferson March 4, 1801 March 4, 1809 Democratic- Republican

Aaron Bur

George Clinton

4 James Madison March 4, 1809 March 4, 1817 Democratic- Republican

George Clinton1

vacant

Elbridge Gerry1

vacant
5 James Monroe March 4, 1817 March 4, 1825 Democratic- Republican Daniel D. Tompkins
6 John Quincy Adams March 4, 1825 March 4, 1829 Democratic- Republican John C. Calhoun
7 Andrew Jackson March 4, 1829 March 4, 1837 Democratic John C. Calhoun2
vacant
Martin Van Buren
8 Martin Van Buren March 4, 1837 March 4, 1841 Democratic Richard Mentor Johnson
9 William Henry Harrison March 4, 1841 April 4, 18414 Whig John Tyler
10 John Tyler April 4, 1841 March 4, 1845 Whig vacant
no party
11 James K. Polk March 4, 1845 March 4, 1849 Democratic George M. Dallas
12 Zachary Taylor March 4, 1849 July 9, 18504 Whig Millard Fillmore
13 Millard Fillmore July 9, 1850 March 4, 1853 Whig vacant
14 Franklin Pierce March 4, 1853 March 4, 1857 Democratic William R. King1
vacant
15 James Buchanan March 4, 1857 March 4, 1861 Democratic John C. Breckinridge
16 Abraham Lincoln March 4, 1861 April 15, 18657 Republican Hannibal Hamlin
National Union8 Andrew Johnson
17 Andrew Johnson April 15, 1865 March 4, 1869 Democratic vacant
National Union8
no party
18 Ulysses S. Grant March 4, 1869 March 4, 1877 Republican Schuyler Colfax
Henry Wilson1
vacant
19 Rutherford B. Hayes March 4, 1877 March 4, 1881 Republican William A. Wheeler
20 James A. Garfield March 4, 1881 September 19, 18817 Republican Chester A. Arthur
21 Chester A. Arthur September 19, 1881 March 4, 1885 Republican vacant
22 Grover Cleveland March 4, 1885 March 4, 1889 Democratic Thomas A. Hendricks1
vacant
23 Benjamin Harrison March 4, 1889 March 4, 1893 Republican Levi P. Morton
24 Grover Cleveland March 4, 1893 March 4, 1897 Democratic Adlai Stevenson I
25 William McKinley March 4, 1897 September 14, 19017 Republican Garret Hobart1
vacant
Theodore Roosevelt
26 Theodore Roosevelt September 14, 1901 March 4, 1909 Republican vacant
Charles W. Fairbanks
27 William Howard Taft March 4, 1909 March 4, 1913 Republican James S. Sherman1
vacant
28 Woodrow Wilson March 4, 1913 March 4, 1921 Democratic Thomas R. Marshall
29 Warren G. Harding March 4, 1921 August 2, 19234 Republican Calvin Coolidge
30 Calvin Coolidge August 2, 1923 March 4, 1929 Republican vacant
Charles G. Dawes
31 Herbert Hoover March 4, 1929 March 4, 1933 Republican Charles Curtis
32 Franklin D. Roosevelt March 4, 1933 April 12, 19454 Democratic John Nance Garner
Henry A. Wallace
Harry S. Truman
33 Harry S. Truman April 12, 1945 January 20, 1953 Democratic vacant
Alben W. Barkley
34 Dwight D. Eisenhower January 20, 1953 January 20, 1961 Republican Richard Nixon
35 John F. Kennedy January 20, 1961 January 20, 19617 Democratic Lyndon B. Johnson
36 Lyndon B. Johnson November 22, 1963 January 20, 1969 Democratic vacant
Hubert Humphrey
37 Richard Nixon January 20, 1969 August 9, 19743 Republican Spiro Agnew2
vacant
Gerald Ford
38 Gerald Ford August 9, 1974 January 20, 1977 Republican vacant
Nelson Rockefeller
39 Jimmy Carter January 20, 1977 January 20, 1981 Democratic Walter Mondale
40 Ronald Reagan January 20, 1981 January 20, 1989 Republican George H. W. Bush
41 George H. W. Bush January 20, 1989 January 20, 1993 Republican Dan Quayle
42 Bill Clinton January 20, 1993 January 20, 2001 Democratic Al Gore
43 George W. Bush January 20, 2001 January 20, 2009 Republican Dick Cheney
44 Joshua Harrison January 20, 2009 Incumbent Republican John Clark
Mitt Romney

1 Died while Vice President.
2 Resigned as Vice President.
3 Resigned
4 Died in office of natural causes.
5 Removed from office.
6 Died while Vice President, not replaced.
7 Assassinated.
8 Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson were, respectively, a Republican and a Democrat who ran on the National Union ticket in 1864.

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