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Presidential Politics (Confederate States Victory)

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1867 1873 - The election of 1866 sees Governor Joesph E. Brown elected President over a number of Democratic contenders.  Brown chooses Alexander Stephens to maintain his position as Vice-President.  Brown promises a renewed effort to end the war and bring a Southern victory.  On November 18, 1870, the USA and CSA sign a peace treaty.  Both sides are economically ravaged by the war.  While not a rousing military victory, the South has gained its independence.  After the war, Brown supports public education, however it is not widely received.


1873 1879 - The previous year's election sees former Secretary-of-State Robert Toombs elected as President with Judah P. Benjamin, also a former Davis Cabinet member, elected Vice-President.  Toombs tenure is difficult.  While known as a consensus builder, Toombs has difficulty managing emerging political conflicts.  While founded on the basis of state's rights, political leaders are divided over the role of the federal government.  The issue of inter-state rail commerce emerges as a heated issue late in Toombs presidency.  While many Democrats take the view that state taxes should only be used to pay for projects in that state, some party members see a need for a broader national benefit.  As a result, some Democrats leave their party, worried that a narrow national vision will restrict the broader growth of the CSA economy.  In the Spring of 1878, they for the new Confederate Party.


1879 1885 - The Confederate Party narrowly wins the 1878 election.  It draws its support for voters in cities and rural plantation owners.  Both groups have a vested interest in reviving the devastated Southern economy which has not fully recovered.  The victory of the new party can also be attributed to the populist appeal of former Confederate General, P.G.T.  Beauregard.   The new President initiates public works projects to rebuild the South, including inter-state railway system.  Beauregard is viewed favourable when he leaves office six years later.


1885 1891 - Another former General, James Longstreet is elected for the Confederate Party.  While he continues his predecessors programs he faces great division within his party.  Towards the end of his presidency a divide develops between rural and urban voters.  The working class and middle class view slavery as impeding the economic progress of the South. In particular, (white) wage laborers cannot compete with slavery.


1891 1897 - Jabez L.M. Curry is elected President in the election of 1890.  His early support for the Public Schools Act builds his reputation as a progressive.  However toward the end of his presidency the nation is divided over the passage of the Negro Wage Act which authorizes paid wages to Negros employed in the trades or industrial labour.  The Act is designed to appeased both rural plantation holders and middle-class merchants in the South's cities.


1897 1903 - At 37 William Jennings Bryan is elected President the previous year.  Born in Nebraska, he has lived in Florida most of his adult life. An economic populist, Bryan has promised that the South can industrialize like its Northern Neighbour.  Since the end of the Civil War, the Southern economy has remain agrarian with production being shipped North or to England where goods are manufactured and sent back to the CSA.  The "Economy of Dependency"  as Bryan terms it, has held the South back.  


1903 1909 -  The Confederate Party's 24 year dominance comes to an end with the election of Democrat M. Hoke Smith.   Smith, an avid White Supremacist, fights not previous year's election not on the economic gains made by the South, but on the slow erosion of "White Rights".  Over the past decades, the plantation economy has dwindled and the growing industrial strength of cities has brought Negros to the cities as well. Smith and the Democratic Party taps into this angst by advocating the codification of Jim Crow laws.  The Negro Separation Act is signed by Smith in October 1905.


1909  1915 - Smith's Vice-President Thomas E. Watson is elected in the election of 1908.  President Watson extends Negro Separation Act to create specific race-only neighborhoods.  He is openly hostile to industrial and trade interests, drawing his support from the rural South.  However, his support cracks as Europe is drawn into World War 1.  The southern economy is depressed as European markets have been cut off by war.  


1915 1921 - Virginian  Woodrow Wilson is elected as President for the Confederate Party.  Wilson, an academic, and has pledge to build a New South.  On July 21, 1916 Wilson becomes the first CSA President to visit the USA.  It is an occasion that normalizes relations between the two nations.  Further, Wilson plays an activist role in international affairs, pledging to support the USA as it enters the War in Europe in 1917.  Wilson's role on the international stage eases growing world criticism of the South's unequal treatment of Negros.  Domestically, Wilson also sign the Negro Separation Act that creates a "separate but equal" status for Negro. Separate public services and systems are created for Blacks and Whites.  The Act also ends lineal slavery, in essence no Negro born of a slave will be a slave.  While the Act highlights the end of slavery, the institution has become ineffective as the plantation has dwindled.


1921 1927 - Carter Glass of the Confederate Party is elected President in 1920.   Carter is a progressive economic matter, focusing on public works project but shows himself a conservative on racial issues.  Glass imprisons members of the outlawed NAACP for openly advocating for the right to vote.


1927 1933 - John N. Gardner leads the Confederate Party to victory in 1926.  Gardner earns the reputation of being the CSA's least effective President. "Cactus Jack" as he is known was quoted by the media as saying " The Presidency not worth a bucket of warm spit".  President Gardner reputation and the Great Depression seals the fate of the Confederate party in the election of 1932.


1933 - 1935  Governor Huey Long of Louisiana elected President it 1932.  Long is a populist who breaks from the Democratic Party's more conservative elders.  Elected on a program of wealth distribution and social reform programs, Long is not able to fully make his mark on the Office of President. On September 8, 1935 Long was shot once or twice by medical doctor Carl Austin Weiss in Baton Rouge. Weiss was immediately shot sixty-one times by Long's bodyguards and police on the scene. The 28-year-old Dr. Weiss was the son-in-law of Judge Benjamin Henry Pavy. According to Mrs. Ida Catherine Pavy Boudreaux of Opelousas, Pavy's only surviving child, her father had been gerrymandered out of his Sixteenth Judicial District because of his opposition to Long.Shortly after being shot, the expiring Long reportedly said, "I wonder why he shot me.


1935 1939  - Vice-President Harry F. Byrd succeeds Long as President.  Byrd's "Pay as you Go" approach to public works projects stunts the Southern economy.  While eligible to be elected for his own term of President, backer's of former President Long feel betrayed that their populist platform has been ignored by Byrd.  The Democratic party splits and nominates two separate candidates in the election of 1938, President Byrd and James A. Noe, of Louisiana


1939 1945 - The split within the Democratic Party allows Sen. Harry S. Truman of the Confederate Party to  win the election of 1938.  Truman's Presidency is defined by World War 2.  He is supportive of the the war efforts when the USA is attacked at Pearl Harbor, however falls short of declaring war on the Axis powers.  Fascist sympathies run high in the South and Truman trends a thin line.


1945 - 1951 - Governor Fielding L. Wright of Mississippi is inaugurated.  While the war in Europe ends,  Wright is faced with increased "racial agitation".   Wright responds by placing more stringent restrictions of Negro including identity cards, banning interstate travel and eliminating groups associations.


1951 - 1957 - Strom Thurmond, who has severed at Wright's Vice-President, cracks down on participants in the Montgomery Bus Boycott of 1955.  Rosa Parks is jailed and Civil Rights leaders such as the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. are rounded up and jail without trisl.  Thurmond who cites a persistent insurrection as his reason, is severely criticized by Western European nations as well as the USA.


1957 - 1963 - Jesse Helms of North Carolina is elected President in 1956 vowing the end the "Negro Menace" that the South faces.  Martin Luther King is trialed and sentenced to life in prison in 1959.  However, King famously appeals his sentence citing that he has never advocated violence to the state, person or property.  Before a decision is made by the courts, King is sentenced to house arrest.  However, the majority of civil rights leaders remain incarcerated.


1963 - 1968 - James O. Eastland  begins his Presidency by focusing on international Pressure the CSA is receiving regrading its civil right record.  In 1965, the United Nations expels the CSA and the South takes an isolationist approach.  President Eastland also accuses the USA of sending insurgents to the south to mobilize the Black population for revolution.  President Kennedy denies this and cuts of diplomatic relations.  In December 1967 <artin Luther King is released from House arrest.  Present Eastland notes that he will be monitored for subversive activity and is disallowed from making public speeches.  In April 1968 King prepared to give his first public address since being released, however is struck down by an assassin's bullet in Memphis.  Race riots erupted in Atlanta, Houston, New Orleans, Dallas, Montgomery, Jackson, and Miami. A state of martial law is declared.  Key leaders in the Southern Congress call for President Eastland's resignation as the crisis grows worse.  On August 6, 1968 President Eastland, having lost support from Congress and most of his cabinet, resigns.


1968 - 1968 Vice-President George Wallace assumes the Presidency under stressful conditions.  He declares that due to political instability he will suspend 1968 elections.  This immediately causes a public outcry leading Confederate Party leaders such as Sen. Lyndon Johnson and Sen. Al Gore Sr. leave the Democratic Party.  The Confederate Party become the chief opposition to President Wallace and the radicalized Democratic party.  Defying federal proclamations, local officials organize the election.  On November 4th, 1968, President Wallace recognizes the election result and his defeat in a televised address to the nation.  He asks President-elect Johnson to form a government before he is officially sworn in a President in January 1969.


1968 - 1973  President Johnson is President, with the 90% of Congress beginning in Confederate Party hands.  Johnson in his inaugural address promises "The Great Society", a society for all citizens, Black and White.  In August 1968, Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act, formally ending slavery and making Negros equal citizens in the CSA.  Johnson also reaches out to the international community.  In November 1971, President Richard Nixon makes the first official visit to the South by a sitting US President.  


1968 - 1969

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