Article II of the U.S. Constitution vests the executive power of the United States in the president and charges him with the execution of federal law, alongside the responsibility of appointing federal executive, diplomatic, regulatory, and judicial officers, and concluding treaties with foreign powers, with the advice and consent of the Senate. The president is further empowered to grant federal pardons and reprieves, and to convene and adjourn either or both houses of Congress under extraordinary circumstances. Since the founding of the United States, the power of the president and the federal government have substantially grown and each modern president, despite possessing no formal legislative powers beyond signing or vetoing congressionally passed bills, is largely responsible for dictating the legislative agenda of his party and the foreign and domestic policy of the United States. The president is frequently described as one of the "Big Three": the group of the most powerful persons in the world, besides the Emperor of the French Empire and the Emperor of Japan.
Presidents of the United States
|1||George Washington||1789-1797||No Party||John Adams|
|2||John Adams||1797-1801||Federalist||Thomas Jefferson|
|3||Thomas Jefferson||1801-1817||Democratic-Republican||Aaron Burr (1801–1805), George Clinton (1805–1809), vacant (1809-1817)|
|4||Henry Dearborn||1817-1825||Nationalist||William H. Crawford|
|5||William H. Crawford||1825 (Assassinated)||Nationalist||Henry Clay|
|7||Peter Buell Porter||1829-1837||Democratic-Republican||Levi Lincoln, Jr.|