The President of the United Republic is considered one of the world's most powerful people, leading the United Republic, one of the world's leading superpowers. As the leader of the nation with the second most expensive military, the largest nuclear arsenal and the second largest economy in the world, the President is usually ranked first or second in the Caifu 100, a yearly published list of the world's most powerful people.
The President of the United Republic is directly elected by the people of the United Republic for a four-year term. No term limits are currently in use, and the President can run for as many consecutive terms as they wish. The current President is Asami Saito, who was elected to the position in 2012. The last Presidential election took place on 18 December, 2016; where incumbent President Asami Saito was reelected.
Article III, Section 2, Clause 4 of the United Republic Constitution sets the following qualifications for holding the presidency:
- be a citizen of the United Republic of Tiangong
- be at least twenty years old
- be a resident of the United Republic of Tiangong for at least 10 years
- not be a convicted criminal
Powers and duties
The Constitution descibes the President firstly as a servant of the people and secondly as a leader. The President serves to carry out the interests of the people as their representative.</span> As the representative of the people, the President usually represents the United Republic at International conferences and meetings.
The President of the United Republic has the power to:
- Declare war
- Declare a state of emergency
- Propose laws
- Veto laws that are not approved by at least two thirds of the Senate
- Deport people from the nation
- Fire any government official except Senators and the Vice-President
- Pardon any person (must be approved by at least half of the Senate)
The President has the power to appoint federal judges and appoint new members of the Supreme Court. The President is not immune to prosecution and may be charged with crimes. In extreme cases, the President themselves may preside over a court case as the judge.
The President, along with their spouse, usually welcomes foreign leaders and dignitaries to the Palace of the Republic. The President is also a celebrity and their life is usually well-covered by the media and news agencies.
The Presidential anthem is the official music often accompanying the President. It is also sometimes used as an unofficial anthem of the entire nation.
The President is elected directly by eligible voters, which are citizens of the United Republic who are at least 18 years old. Though no degree is required, the President is usually a person who has a degree in law or politics.
Campaigns and nomination
Any eligible person can run for president and may be elected to the office, even write-in candidates may theoretically win the election. In practise however, several candidates are nominated or nominate themselves and thereafter campaign for the office of President.
Candidates are sometimes independent, though usually are members of political parties. Presidential candidates are quite young in comparison to other nations, as the United Republic is less ageist than most nations. The majority of the candidates are usually between 35 and 50 years old, though candidates in their 20's are occasionally seen. Kuvirs Laghima remains the youngest elected President to date, as well as the youngest democratically elected leader in world history, at age 24.
At the official inauguration of the President, he or she is constitutionally required to take an oath. While palming the Constitution, they recite the following oath:
“I, (name), do solemnly affirm that I will faithfully serve the people of the United Republic in the Office of President of the United Republic of Tiangong, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the people and the nation of the United Republic of Tiangong.”
A person is not allowed to take the Oath with any book other than the Constitution. A person is also not allowed to mention any deities or other supernatural entities while taking the oath, as this violates the secular nature of the office. The President is usually inaugurated by the High Justice.
Tenure and term limits
The term of office for the president is defined as four years. No term limits are currently defined by the constitution, this allows any person to run for an unlimited times for the office of President.
Removal from office
The President may be removed from office by the Senate, this is called an impeachment. In order to succesfully remove the President from office, a two-thirds majority is required. The Senate may vote to remove the President if he or she:
- has commited a grave crime
- has commited treason
- is permamently unable to perform their duties due to e.g. illness or handicap
- is acting against the interest of the people and nation
The House of Representatives may also initiate a vote of impeachment, even without a reason stated in the abive section, if supported by at least 33.33% (1/3) of the voting members, a referendum is held whether to impeach the president or not.
If a president is removed from office, the vice-president becomes the acting president. However, they cannot remain in office for longer than 2 monts. An emergency election must be held within 2 months.
The spouse of the President is often called the First Lady or First Gentleman, though this is not an official title.
List of Presidents
|Number||Image||Name of President||In office|
|1||Sakura Yangcheng||1802 -1818|
|10||Sejin Lee||1884 - 1896|
|21||Sorghaghtani Bolormaa||1980 - 1989|
|22||Kuvira Laghima||1989 - 1990|
United Republic was reorganized into the Earth Empire (1990-2000)
|-||Senna Zenglai||1 January 2000 - 2 February 2000|
|23||Sandra Ascalon||2000 - 2008|
|24||Wang Shaojing||2008 - 2012|
|25||Asami Saito||2012 - present|