The President of the Union of Soviet Sovereign Republics (Russian: Президент СССР; Prezidyent SSSR) is the Head of State of the Soviet Union. The office was formed on March 15, 1990, prior to which, the head of state of the Soviet Union was the Chairman of the Communist Party. Since the formation, four Presidents have headed the Soviet Union.

Each President is elected for a five year term, which is only renewable once, consecutively.

List of Presidents

      Communist       Democratic       Unionist       Non-partisan

Portrait Name Party Term Vice President(s)
1 Mikhail.Gorbachev    Mikhail Gorbachev
Михаил Горбачёв
March 2, 1931
(age 85)
Communist Party March 15, 1990
May 7, 1994
   Gennady Yanayev
2 Yakovlev A.N.-P001.    Alexander Yakovlev
Александр Яковлев
December 2, 1923 – October 18, 2005
(aged 81)
Independent May 7, 1994
May 7, 2004
   Viktor Yushchenko
3 Sergey-shoygu 1    Sergey Shoygu
Сергей Шойгу
May 21, 1955
(age 61)
Democratic May 7, 2004
May 7, 2009
   Ilham Aliyev
4 Ba-yavlinsky-g-a-1999-june    Grigory Yavlinsky
Григо́рий Явли́нский
April 10, 1952
(age 64)
Unionist May 7, 2009
   Vladimir Ryzhkov

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