President of the
Union of Soviet Sovereign Republics
Standard for the President of the Soviet Union (New Union)
Official Standard
Moscow rally 1 May 2012 9
Gennady Zyuganov
Since May 7, 2008
Residence Moscow Kremlin
Term length 8 years, renewable
Inaugural holder Boris Yeltsin
Formation January 1, 1990

President of the Soviet Union. Officialy, President of the Union of Soviet Sovereign Republics is the title of the head of state and government of the Soviet Union

The office was formed on January 1, 1990, prior to which, the head of state of the Soviet Union was the Chairman of the Communist Party. Since the formation, three Presidents have headed the Soviet Union. Because the term president is also used as the title for the heads of the republics, the term "President of Presidents" (Russian: президент президентов, prezident prezidentov) has been used to describe the President of the Soviet Union.

The current president of the Soviet Union is Gennady Zyuganov.


Each President is elected for a eight year term, which is only renewable once, consecutively.


Boris Yeltsin became the first President of the Soviet Union after the resignation of Mikhail Gorbachov and was elected by the Congress of People's Deputies in 1990. After the reformation of the USSR in 1991, it was agreed to hold off on holding democratic elections until 1998 (the exact limit of Yeltsin's term). Despite having a relatively high approval ratting, Gorbachev announced he would not be seeking re-election in 1998.

The elections for President were held on November 11, 1997. Despite multiple political parties and candidates, Gorbachev-supporter, Vladimir Zhirinovski, is elected President by a popular two-thirds vote. Despite running as an for Liberal Democratic Party of Soviet Union, Zhirinovski was noted as a ultra-nationalist sympathizer, supported by both the Communist Party and the newly established United Russia.

In 1998, Vladimir Putin would be elected as the third President of the Soviet Union, Putin has considered a KGB agent operationed in East Germany, becoming one of the first agent, He would like his previous partner Dmitry Medvedev to seek a new election for the position. However, He and the United Russia party lose the presidential election in 2013.

In 2014, Gennady Zyuganov, the first communist president in the post-reform Soviet Union has been elected. His term would be end on the January 1, 2022.

List of Presidents

President Term of office Vice President
1 Boris Yeltsin Boris Yeltsin
January 1, 1990 January 1, 1998 Alexander Rutskoy
(1990 – 1994)
Vladimir Putin
(1994 – 1998)
2 Zhir-rosbalt Vladimir Zhirinovski
January 1, 1998 January 1, 2006 Leonid Slutsky
(1998 – 2002)
Aleksandr Skorobogatko
(2002 – 2006)
3 417px-Vladimir Putin 12015-1- Vladimir Putin
January 1, 2006 January 1, 2014 Dmitry Medvedev
(2006 – 2010)
Sergei Shoigu
(2010 – 2014)
4 Moscow rally 1 May 2012 9 Gennady Zyuganov
January 1, 2014 incumbent Nikolai Kharitonov

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