The President of the Republic of Japan (Japanese: ミンコクソサイ; Kanji: 民國總裁 Minkoku Sōsai) is the head of state of Japan. This office was created in 1919 following the establishment of the Republic of Japan. The official office and residence of the President of the Republic of Japan is formally called as the Presidential Office of the Republic of Japan (Japanese: ミンコクソサイコテイ; Kanji: 民國總裁公邸 Minkoku Sōsai Kōtei), located on Shirokanedai, Minato, Tokyo, the national capital of Japan. But, the office is usually (and popularly) referred as the Teien (Japanese: テイエン; Kanji: 庭園), means 'garden' in Japanese, simply because the office building is surrounded by a traditional Japanese garden.

Duties and functions

Teien art museum

Teien, the official residence of the President of Japan

The President of the Republic was elected by the National Congress for four years terms. According to the Constitution of Japan, the office of President is the head of state of the Republic and the nominal commander-in-chief of the armed forces. The President of the Republic also responsible for conducting foreign relations, such as concluding treaties, declaring war, and making peace. The President has no right to veto any Congress decisions. Other powers of the President include granting amnesty, pardon or clemency, declaring martial law, and conferring honors and decorations.

Prior to World War II, the Constitution does not clearly define the office of President as the powerful position in the country. However, the multiple political posts that held by Nagayama Yoshida both in the government and in the Party, made the office quite powerful as the Council of Ministers must solely responsible to President. Only after the 1946 constitutional amendments, the Presidential authority was slightly reduced to less powerful than before and the President had primarily only ceremonial powers. The President's constitutional powers can only being effective with the concern of the Congress (and the Legislative Council) and the support from the Party which dominated the Congress.

List of Presidents of the Republic of Japan

Picture Term start Term end Political Party
1 Nagayama Yoshida

ナガヤマ ヨシダ

45bab0c3 February 19, 1919 March 17, 1951 Nationalist Party of Japan
2 Matsuoka Komakichi

マツオカ コマキチ

Komakichi matsuoka March 17, 1951 August 14, 1958 Nationalist Party of Japan
acting Konoe Fumimaro

コノエ フミマロ

Fumimaro Konoe 6 August 14, 1958 July 6, 1959 Nationalist Party of Japan
3 Matsudaira Yoshichika

マツダイラ ヨシチカ

93BF90EC8B6090e July 6, 1959 July 27, 1967 Nationalist Party of Japan
4 Minobe Ryōkichi

ミノベ リョキチ

23007000491 July 27, 1967 July 4, 1975 Nationalist Party of Japan

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