The President of Chile is the Head of Government and Head of State of the South American Nation situated on the Pacific Coast of the continent, and stretching to the other side of the Andes Mountains to the Atlantic Ocean.
List of Presidents of Chile
|Bernardo O'Higgins||1828 - 1840||None||Leader of Chilean Independence Movement. He served second six-year terms. Reduced the presidential term from six to five years.|
|José Joaquín Prieto||1840 - 1845||Conservative Party|
|Manuel Bulnes||1845 - 1855||Conservative Party||Re-elected in 1850|
|Francisco Antonio Pinto||1855 - 1858||Liberal Party||First Liberal President. Died in office in 1858.|
|Domingo Santa María||1858 - 1864||Liberal Party||Completed Pinto's term before beginning his own in 1860. Joined the Second Latin American War and defeated in 1862. Overthrown by a Conservative-Liberal Revolution.|
|Government Junta of 1864||1864 - 1865||Liberals and Conservatives||With the Victory of the Revolution, an interim Government assumed control of the country and organized free elections in 1865.|
|Diego Portales||1865 - 1870||Conservative Party (National Unity Coalition)||Leader of the Conservatives in the Revolution of 1862.|
|José Joaquín Pérez||1970 - 1975||Liberal Party (National Unity Coalition)|
|Manuel Montt||1975 - 1980||Conservative Party (National Unity Coalition)|
|Benjamin Vicuña Mackenna||1880 - 1885||Democratic Liberal Party (National Unity Coalition)||Leader of the Democratic-Liberals in the Revolution of 1864.|
|Manuel Baquedano||1885 - 1890||Independent (National Unity Coalition)||Hero of the 1864 Revolution.|
|Pedro León Gallo||1890 - 1895||Radical Party (National Unity Coalition)|| Leader of the Radicals in the 1860 Revolution.|
First Radical President.
|Jorge Montt||1895 - 1900||Independent (National Unity Coalition)|
|José Manuel Balmaceda||1900 - 1902||Liberal Party (National Unity Coalition)|| Died in office in 1902.|
Succeeded by his Vice president: Luis Barros Borgoño.
|Luis Barros Borgoño||1902 - 1905||Conservative Party (National Unity Coalition)||Completed Balmaceda's presidential term.|
|Pedro Montt||1905 - 1910||Conservative Party (National Unity Coalition)||Last President of the National Unity Coalition.|
|Gonzalo Bulnes Pinto||1910 - 1915||Liberal Party||Initially Neutral in the Second Global War, but entered the conflict in 1914.|
|Vicente Reyes||1915 - 1918||Liberal Party|| End of the Second Global War in 1916.|
Died on December 18, 1918; Succeeded by his Vice President: Arturo Alessandri.
|Arturo Alessandri Palma||1918 - 1920||Liberal Party||Extended the presidential term from five to six years.|
|Pedro Aguirre Cerda||1920 - 1926||Radical Party|| Second Radical President.|
Re-established the presidential election, but he was not eligible for another mandate.
|Juan Esteban Montero||1926 - 1932||Radical Party||Third President of the Radicalism.|
|Arturo Alessandri Palma||1932 - 1948||Liberal Party||Reelected in 1938. Led the country during the Third Global War. He decided to reduce the presidential term to four years to synchronize the presidential and parliamentary elections. A plebiscite allowed him be reelected for a third term (four years).|
|Gustavo Ross Santa María||1948 - 1952||Conservative Party||Vice President of Alessandri during his third term.|
|Gabriel Gonzalez Videla||1952 - 1956||Radical Party||Fourth President of the Radicalism.|
|Ramón Cañas Montalva||1956 - 1960||Independent||Commander in Chief of the Army during the Third Global War.|
|Jorge Alessandri Rodríguez||1960 - 1964||Liberal Party||Due to a political agreement, he did not run for another term.|
|Francisco Bulnes Sanfuentes||1964 - 1968||Conservative Party||Due to a political agreement, he did not run for another term.|
|Fernando Alessandri Rodríguez||1968 - 1972||Liberal Party||He ran for reelection, but was defeated.|
|Neftalí Reyes Basoalto||1972 - 1973||Socialist Party|| First Socialist President.|
Died in office.
|Alberto Baltra Cortés||1973 - 1976||Radical Party|| Reyes' Vice President.|
Fifth President of the Radicalism.
|Salvador Allende Gossens||1976 - 1979||Socialist Party|| Second Socialist President.|
1978 Economic Crisis.
|Carlos Prats||1979 - 1980||Independent|| Former Army General and hero of the Third Global War.|
By political consensus, was named interim president until the end of the Allende's term.
|Eduardo Frei Montalva||1980 - 1984||Social Christian Party|
|Gabriel Valdés Subercaseux||1984 - 1988||Social Christian Party|
|Patricio Aylwin Azocar||1988 - 1992||Social Christian Party|
|Arturo Alessandri Besa||1992 - 2000||National Conservative Party||During his second term, the immediate presidential re-election is eliminated (once again).|
|Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle||2000 - 2004||Social Christian Party|
|Andrés Zaldivar Larraín||2004 - 2008||Social Christian Party|
|Joaquin Lavín Infante||2008 - 2012||National Conservative Party|
|Evelyn Matthei||2012 - Incumbent||National Conservative Party|