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The President of Alaska (Russian: Президент Аляски, Prezident Alyaski) serves as the head of state and head of government of the Alaskan Democratic Federative Republic, as well as the commander-in-chief of the Alaskan Armed Forces. The office was established in 1931 and was modeled after the presidency of the United States. A total of 15 people have served as president since its creation.
Alaska remains one of the few nations which selects their leader through an electoral college. These electors are allocated to each governorate based on the total number of seats they possess in the General Congress (giving a total of 515 electors, with 258 needed to win the presidency). Electors are selected via a FPTP vote in each governorate. Unlike in the United States (where the winner is usually given all of a state's electoral votes), the majority of Alaska's governorates have adopted methods which give out electoral votes more proportionally.
Those elected to the presidency are only allowed to serve for a single, six-year term of office (being constitutionally barred from holding the office again). This practice is commonly called the Shestiletny (Russian: шестилетний) and was inspired by the Sexenio of Mexico.
The official residence of the President of Alaska is Baranov's Castle (Russian: Замок Баранова, Zamok Baranova) in New Archangel. The two-story building was constructed in 1836 and was originally the headquarters of the Russian-American Company. The building was colloquially named after Aleksandr Baranov, who was the first Governor of Russian America and a key colonial figure. The use of the word castle was in reference to its prominence within New Archangel (despite technically being a mansion).
The building was partially destroyed in a fire in 1898. It wouldn't be until the 1920s that major renovations and modernization would take place. The mansion became the permanent residence of Nicholas the Younger during his rule, further cementing the building's prominence as an executive mansion. In Alaskan politics, the term Castle (Замок, Zamok) has become a metonymy to refer to the presidency.
List of Presidents
|Term of Office and Electoral Mandate|
|1|| Mikhail Luchkovich|
|September 29, 1931||September 28, 1937|
|Teacher, opponent of Nicholas the Younger, and supporter of Alaskan Reunification. Prioritized policies which accelerated economic reintegration, thereby bringing Alaska out of the Great Depression.|
|2|| Taras Ferley|
|September 28, 1937||September 28, 1943|
|3|| Dmitry Yakimishchak|
|September 28, 1943||September 27, 1949|
|4|| Ivan Gnatyshin|
|September 27, 1949||September 27, 1955|
|5|| Igor Voronov|
|September 27, 1955||September 26, 1961|
|Governor of New Caledonia and first president of Scandinavian descent. Supported massive infrastructure projects. Pushed for stronger military ties with the United States and allowing missiles to be stationed in Alaska (sparking the Alaskan Missile Crisis).|
|6|| Vasily Kardash|
|September 26, 1961||September 26, 1967|
|Governor of Shelikof and veteran of Communist Alaska. Pushed for the nationalization of key industries and constitutional reforms to expand democratic participation. Establishes Alaska as a neutral country in the Cold War and worked to normalize relations with the Soviet Union.|
|7|| Mikhail Starchevsky|
|September 26, 1967||September 25, 1973|
|8|| Yefrem Martsishevsky|
|September 25, 1973||September 25, 1979|
|Governor and Senator from New Irkutsk.|
|9|| Eduard Shreyer|
|September 26, 1979||September 24, 1985|
|10|| Mikhail Dukakis|
|September 24, 1985||September 24, 1991|
|11|| Roman Gnatyshin|
|September 24, 1991||September 30, 1997|
|12|| Rodion Romanov|
|September 30, 1997||September 30, 2003|
|13|| Foma Dashl|
|September 30, 2003||September 29, 2009|
|14|| Ruslan Fayngold|
|September 29, 2009||September 29, 2015|
|Senator from Oregon and first president of Jewish descent. Advocated for the normalization of relations with communist Congo, Ethiopia, as well as other African nations.|
|15|| Ivan Kasich|
|September 29, 2015||Incumbent|