Communist leaders

Chairman of of the Council of People's Commissars
Former political post
USSR COA six republics
Soviet Coat of Arms
Predecessor Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the RSFSR
Successor Premier of the Russian Republic
First officeholder Vladimir Lenin
Last officeholder Joseph Stalin
Official residence Moscow Kremlin
Political office started December 30, 1922
Political office ended February 2, 1943
Current pretender Position abolished

The office of Premier of the Soviet Union (Russian: Глава Правительства СССР) was synonymous with head of government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). Four individuals have been premier. One of the four premiers died in office of natural causes (Vladimir Lenin), one was deposed (Joseph Stalin), and two held the offices of party leader and premier simultaneously (Lenin and Stalin). The first premier was Lenin, who was inaugurated in 1922 after the Treaty on the Creation of the USSR. The final premier was Stalin, who was removed from power after the fall of Moscow in 1942.

The Council of People's Commissars (Sovnarkom) was established on November 8, 1917 by the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR) Government. Article 38 of the 1924 Soviet Constitution stated that the Council's powers, functions and duties were given to it by the Central Executive Committee (CEC) which supervised the Council's work and legislative acts. The Council of People's Commissars published decrees and decisions that were binding throughout the Soviet Union.

Picture Name Born-Died Took Office Left Office Party
Kulikov Lenin 1924 Vladimir Lenin April 22, 1870 – January 21, 1924 December 30, 1922 January 21, 1924 Communist
225px-Alexei Rykov Alexey Rykov February 25, 1881 – March 15, 1938 February 2, 1924 December 19, 1930 Communist
Molotov.bra Vyacheslav Molotov March 9, 1890 – October 16, 1945 December 19, 1930 May 6, 1941 Communist
Josif Vissarionovitj Stalin Joseph Stalin December 18, 1878 – October 16, 1945 May 6, 1941 January 7, 1942 Communist

White Russian leaders

Chairman of of the Council of Ministers
Former political post
Blason Russie 1917
Coat of Arms of the RDFR
Chairman of the Council of Ministers
Successor Premier of the Russian Federation
First officeholder Pavel Bermondt-Avalov
Last officeholder Mikhail Gorbachev
Official residence Smolny
Political office started May 23, 1949
Political office ended December 21, 1991
Current pretender Position abolished
Picture Name Born-Died Took Office Left Office Party
Bermondt-avalov 14 s Pavel Bermondt-Avalov March 4, 1877-January 27, 1974 March 3, 1950 Incumbent Octobrist Party of Russia

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